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Full text of "Family histories and genealogies. A series of genealogical and biographical monographs on the families of MacCurdy, Mitchell, Lord, Lynde, Digby, Newdigate, Hoo, Willoughby, Griswold, Wolcott, Pitkin, Ogden, Johnson, Diodati, Lee and Marvin, and notes on the families of Buchanan, Parmelee, Boardman, Lay, Locke, Cole, De Wolf, Drake, Bond and Swayne, Dunbar and Clarke, and a notice of Chief Justice Morrison Remick Waite. With twenty-nine pedigree-charts and two charts of combined descents"

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Volume First. Part Second 


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Arms : Gu. on a chief Or three mallets of the first. 

|j|Y the marriage of Elizabeth eldest daughter of Judge Nathaniel 
Lynde to Judge Richard Lord, and that of his second daughter 
Hannah to Rev. George Griswold, and of his granddaughter 
Susannah Lynde to Ensign Thomas Griswold, the Lord and Griswold 
families, in several of their branches, have the blood of the Lyndes and 
the Digbys. The two following monographs are memorials of these two 
distinguished families. 

Mr. Simon Lynde, father of Judge Nathaniel Lynde, removed from 
London to Boston in 1650. The family-records that he brought over, or 
received after his emigration, enabled his son Chief Justice Benjamin 
Lynde, and his grandson the second Chief Justice Benjamin Lynde, to 
compile the valuable notes which were the foundation of our Lynde and 
Digby investigations. He left these records with his immediate family in 
three forms : on the back of an escutcheon, in an old Bible, and on an old 
chart-pedigree. "The date of the former is 1740 [several years before the 
death of the elder Chief Justice]. . . . The younger Judge was the 
antiquary of the family, and got much of his information from his father, 
who was living at the time the record on the escutcheon was made, so that 
what we know of the family, traditionally, came from the elder Judge." 1 

The oldest records extant are found in a Bible printed in 1 595- a It 

1 Private Letter from Dr. Fitch Edward Oliver (February 14, 1880). Dr. Oliver writes that " many of 
our family-papers were scattered or destroyed at the time of the death of my uncle Dr. B. Lynde Oliver 
in 1835." 

8 A copy of the " Breeches Bible." 


is a large folio volume, bound in brown leather, having on the outside of 
both covers " Enoch Lynd " in large gilt letters. The present owner of 
this Bible, Mrs. Cornelia (Walter) Richards of Boston, who descends from 
the Chief Justices Lynde, has kindly sent us, in several letters, the follow- 
ing statements respecting it : 

Pasted into the volume, on the first fly-leaf, is the following : 

"An Extract of something to be remembered, from the leafe before the Title-page 
of a Bible of my Grandmother Mrs. Eliz^ Lynde, sent over to my Father, Mr. Simon 
Lynde, 3 and Rec d by him 13 th May 1675 ; at the same time written in the s d Leaf 
\v th his own hand as Folio weth, viz : ' This Bible, formerly my Father Mr. Enoch 
Lynde's, who died the 23 rd Aprill 1636, afterwards my dear Mother Mrs. Eliz a Lynde 
had. She departed this Life 1669, and 13 th May 1675 This Bible was brought me 
here to Boston in New England, and sent me by Eliz a Parker, who writes me my 
mother gave it her when she Tended on her, but presents it to me, that It might 
not goe from my Family, But that I and mine might improve It and Its holy Truths 
— which I beg of God we may! That keeping his Word we may thereby be kept, 
and found among the number of the Righteous ones. So prayeth Simon Lynde, 
Boston, New England, 13 th May 1675.' " 

Then follows, on the first page of the second fly-leaf, this record : 

{" Mr. Enoch Lynde dyed 23 d April Ano Dom. 1636. Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Lynde his wife (whose maiden-name was Digby) dyed Anno 
Dom. x66 9 . 
"My grandparents] "Mr. John Newdigate dyed 4 th Sept ber 1665, aged 85. 
by my Mother " | Mrs. Anne Newdigate died 1679, aged 84 years. 

" My hon d Father Simon Lynde Esq re was born June 1624; was 
contracted to my hon d mother, then Hannah Newdigate, in Feb ry 
165 1, and was married to her upon his return from England Feb. 
1652 ; and dyed 22 d Nov br 16S7, aged 63 years. 

"My hon u Mother, Mrs. Hannah Lynde, was born 28 June 1635, 
and dyed 20 th Dec ber 1684, in the old house, and the same room, 
where she herselfe and most of her 12 children were born, in 

" N. B. Living 
children, 9 sons 
and 3 daughters 
were born unto 
them in 23 years 
from Dec. 1653 

Showing that the first Chief Justice Benjamin Lynde made the extract. 


After this come the names and dates of birth and death of the first six 
of Simon Lynde's children, with a note on Elizabeth's birth : " In the old 
house, yet living in her 79 th year, wid. Pordage." 

On the next page, that is, on the reverse of the second fly-leaf, in 
writing very much defaced, are found the following memoranda, as nearly 
as they can be made out : 

"'July- 5 th , 1658. This Bible given to Enoch Linde y c gr. son of Nathan Linde 
by his Grandmother Mrs. Elizabeth Linde 

" '. . . gave the ... El [izabeth Parker] 

" ' Given by El [izabeth Parker] to me S. Lynde by my mother Elizabeth Lynde ['s 
direction (or some such word)].' " 

Then, on the same page, is continued and ended the record of the 
names, births and deaths of Simon Lynde's children. 

On two following pages, that is, of the third fly-leaf, follows an 
account of the first Chief Justice Benjamin Lynde's early life ; and on the 
reverse of the third fly-leaf is the same account of the Bible received from 
England, in the very same words, as in the extract with which these state- 
ments begin, in Simon Lynde s handwriting, and signed by him. 

Below this are these words : 

" My Grandfather Mr. John Newgate dyed the 4 th September 1665, aged 85 years. 
My Grandmother Mrs. Anne Newgate dyed 1679, agen 84 years." 

" Samuel Lynde." 

Next comes the title-page, on which, alongside of "E. Lynde, 1657," in 
very quaint old handwriting, the autograph, unquestionably, of Elizabeth 
(Digby) Lynde, we find the inscription " Simon Lynde of Boston," by his 
own hand. 

The history, then, of this precious heirloom, now belonging to 
Mrs. Richards, appears to be as follows. In the year 1675, six years after 
the death of Elizabeth (Digby) Lynde, the widow of Enoch and mother 



of Simon Lynde, the Bible was sent over from England to Simon Lynde 
in Boston by Elizabeth Parker, a waiting-woman of his mother, who had 
received it from her, and was probably charged to transmit it, eventually, to 
her son. The memorandum dated July 5, 1658, twenty-two years after 
Enoch Lynde's death, and seventeen years before Simon Lynde possessed 
the volume, was undoubtedly written by Enoch Lynde's widow. This 
memorandum is of special interest to us, from its giving something of the 
previous history of the book ; for it shows that the Bible of Enoch Lynde 
was a gift to him from his grandmother Elizabeth, the wife of Nathan Lynde. 
It may have been printed in Holland, as many English Bibles were, at that 
time, though bearing another imprint. The two next following memoranda 
must have been made by Simon Lynde. 

The memorandum, above quoted, signed by Samuel Lynde, seems to 
show that the Bible passed from Simon Lynde to his eldest son Samuel; 
while the family-records on one of the fly-leaves of the volume prove that 
Samuel Lynde surrendered his ownership of it to his younger brother the first 
Chief Justice Benjamin Lynde, in whose line it has since then been handed 
down. As we shall see farther on, Samuel Lynde provided for a record of 
his own immediate family, in a separate Bible which has been transmitted 
in his line. 

It only remains to speak of the first Chief Justice Lynde's " Extract 
of something to be remembered, from the leafe before the Title-page of a 
Bible," now pasted into this old Bible. That the "Extract" was made 
from this very volume all the circumstances prove. Not the least signifi- 
cant one is that Simon Lynde's own signed statement stands, in this old 
Bible, just where the Chief Justice found it in the volume from which 
he extracted it. He may have intended the "Extract" for some other 
Bible of family-records, before Samuel Lynde gave him this one ; or he 
may have pasted it where we find it, in order to draw attention to the 
original statement on the third fly-leaf, and as a heading to the records 
which follow. 



The other principal original document relative to Lynde genealogy is 
an old pedigree of which there are several copies, more or less extensive, 
existing in different branches of the family. The oldest copy is, without 
doubt, one of the "carefully drawn genealogical tables" which are 
mentioned, by the editor of the Lynde " Diaries," as among the manu- 
scripts of the second Chief Justice Lynde. Another copy, in the hand- 
writing of the second Chief Justice, is now owned by Mrs. Susan 
S. Chalker of Saybrook, Conn., great great granddaughter of Joseph son 
of Judge Nathaniel Lynde, brother of the first Chief Justice. This must 
have been prepared for and presented to his uncle Nathaniel by the 
compiler. A third copy, in a different and later handwriting, is owned by 
Mr. Samuel A. Lynde of Chester, Conn., a part of old Saybrook, who 
inherits it from his direct ancestor Judge Samuel, son of Judge Nathaniel, 
Lynde. In this copy some descents are given, in the line of Judge 
Samuel Lynde, which are not found in the others. But all three copies 
substantially agree together. Through the courtesy of Mrs. Chalker we 
follow, mainly, the Saybrook copy, which is the fullest in the parts 
common to all. To Mrs. Chalker we are also indebted for many par- 
ticulars which appear in the ;j3t tft0ftt Of 2.J>HtTt accompanying this 

What gives special interest to this old pedigree, is the record it con- 
tains respecting Elizabeth Digby wife of Enoch Lynde, the grandmother 
of the first Chief Justice Lynde. This record is in the following words: 

"Eliz. Digby, whose Parents dying while she was young, she was sent into 
Holland for Education, and there Instructed in the Protes' Religion, her relations 
being generally Roman Catholics. She was a near Relation of Jn° Digby i st Earl 
Bristol, who Introduced her son Simon Lynde to Kiss K. Charles hand : her arms see 
in margent. She dyed a widow 1669." 

We shall refer to this in our Digby monograph. 

We also quote from the Lynde pedigree the following record respect- 
ing Simon son of Enoch and Elizabeth (Digby) Lynde : 


"Simon Lynde Esq r : born in Lond June 1624, Serv'd to a merch' in Lond , 
Mr. Delanay, afterw d went into Holland and Keept his books in y e Dutch toungue ; 
he came to Bost : in N. Eng. 1650, maried feb. 1652, and lived a merch' in Boston ; 
1686 he was made a Justice for County of Suffolk ; dyed 22 Nov. 1687, aged 63 yrs. 
5 m°." 

and this record of the parentage of Hannah Newdigate, wife of Simon 
Lynde : 

"Hanah, D. of Mr. Jn° Newdigate by his last wife Ann, maried, at ab° 17 
years, died 20 Dec r 1684, ae te . 49^, being born 28 June 1635. 

" Her Fath r Mr. Jn° Newdigate was born in Southw k near y e Bridge ab° 1580 ; 
came over to N. Engl d : had 3 wifes ; by y e 2 first 2 daught" maryed to Capt. Peter 
Oliver and M r Jn° Oliver: by his last wife des d Nath. Newdigate who maryed in Engl d 
to S r Jn° Lewis Daughter, and left Nath. Newdigate his heir. Mr. Jn° Newdigate 
dyed 4 Sep'r 1665, aged 85 y rs ; his arms in marg. M" Ann Newdigate [his last wife] 
dyed 1679 aged 84." 

To these records, also, we shall refer later. 

The references to Digby and Newdigate arms blazoned in the margin 
lead us to believe that the copies of the old pedigree which are in the hand- 
writing of the second Chief Justice Lynde are from a still older original, 
for no arms are blazoned on either of these copies. 

The earliest Lynde traceable, in the line of descent which is of interest 
to us, was named Nathan; 1 and his wife bore the name of Elizabeth. 
2 These were the grandparents 4 of Enoch z Lynde who married Elizabeth 

Digby. But this generation is known to us only by name. Of the father 
and mother of Enoch Lynde we know nothing. Enoch Lynde, the 
grandson of Nathan, was a shipping-merchant of London, "engaged in 
foreign trade," and had a contract with the English Government to carry 
the mails to the Low Countries and other foreign parts. He "subse- 
quently acted as an agent in some capacity for the Government, during 

4 Nathan Lj'nde has been supposed to have been the father of Enoch. But Mrs. Richards's Bible, 
as we have seen, places him one generation farther back. 


the war with France that broke out in 1627." 5 The following letter of 
his, copied from an original holograph in the Record Office of London, 
is worth preserving : 

"Right Wo pp : 

" My seruis rememb. — these are to lett you knowe that M r : Mason' was w th me 
about the Inventary of the ffreinch pries brought into the port of Shoram, w ch 
Inventary of the salle of the goodes is not yett maid parffett, 7 because some thinges 
are not sould, and monneys are scarse, but w tb all speed it shal be ended. I am to 
goe to Shoram one Mundaye, and then I will hasten this bussenes ; and when all is 
done I will repayer to you w th all the perticulers. I haue cast al thinges vpp att 
random, and I make account ther wil be about ffive hundreth and ffowr skore poundes 
or there aboutes, whereof the Sauers clames the moyete ; but yo r Wo pp : knowe best 
what you have to doe w th them, soe not having els I rest wishing yo r Wo pp : all and 
as much hapines as he whoe remaynes 

Yo r ffreinde to command, 

Enoch Lynd." 
" Buttelan, this 
4 th of January, 1627." 
Endorsed : " To the Right Wo pp : 

Nicolas, Secretary vnto my Lord 

Admirall the Duke of Buckingham." 8 

The date of Enoch (2) Lynde's birth has not been handed down ; but 
that of his marriage, which was October 25, 16 14 (when, as we shall see, 
his bride was thirty years old), makes it probable that he was born about 
1580. He married, "at the Church of St. John, the parish-church of 
Hackney near London," Elizabeth Digby "a daughter and heiress," says 
her great grandson the second Justice Lynde, "of Everard Digby, and a 

s The Family of Lynde, p. v. — a preface to the Diaries of Benjamin Lynde and of Benjamin 
Lynde Jr. . . . Boston, Privately Printed, 1880. 

6 Capt. John Mason was Treasurer of the Army. 

1 In this and other forms of expression in this letter we seem to see traces of the writer's having 
been of foreign extraction — a point to be referred to again, later. 

8 "State Papers. Domestic. Charles I. vol. 90, No. 21; and see Calendar of State Papers. 
Domestic Series. . . . 1627-28. . . . London, 1858, p. 505. 


descendant of Sir John Digby of Eye-Kettleby," 9 whose descent, as given 
in the Digby Pedigrees of the Harleian Collections, Nichols's " Leicester- 
shire " and the family-archives at Sherborne Castle, co. Dorset, will be 
found, in full, in our monograph of IDijjlll?. Her mother was Catharine 
daughter of Stockbridge de Vandershaff, Theobor [Theodore] de Newkirk, 
a Dutch lady — which explains her having been "sent into Holland 
for Education." Left an orphan, she went to her mother's family to be 
brought up. 

The registry-record of the marriage of Enoch Lynde and Elizabeth 
Digby, discovered by the late Col. Chester of London, stands thus : 

"Enocke Lyndlye and Elizabeth Dygbye." 

A son of these parents, "James 1 ® son of Enoch and Elizabeth Lind," 
was baptized June 23, 1622, "in the parish-church of St. Andrew, 
Hubbard, in the City of London ;" who was buried there, on the third 
day of the following March, under the name of "James son of Enoch 
Linde." Another son of the same name, James* was baptized, July 28, 
1630, in the same church in which the parents were married. "On the 7 th 
of October 1636, in the Commissary Court of the Bishop of London, 
letters to administer the estate of Enoch Lyne, 10 late of the parish of 
St. Andrew, Hubbard, in the City of London, deceased, were granted to 
his relict Elizabeth." 11 

Excepting certain petitions signed by him, relative to postal services, 
which have been preserved in the State Paper Office in London, 12 these are 
all the public records we have found concerning him. We defer farther 

9 The Diaries of Lynde, ut supra, p. iv. 

10 The form of the name used in the Digby family-pedigree (see DiQtn)). 

11 For all these items we are indebted to Results of Researches by Col. Joseph L. Chester, London, 
January 26, 1878. Private MS. In one of his letters Col. Chester says : " I could take you to-day 
within 20 feet of the precise spot where the Lyndes lived, certainlj from 1622 to 1636." 

19 See, for example, Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Seties. . . . 1634-35. . . . London, 
1864, p. 388. 


notice of his marriage till we take up his wife's family. He died, accord- 
ing to a record in his own Bible (above referred to), April 23, 1636. 

An old business-paper of 1651, recently published among Suffolk 
Deeds of Massachusetts, 13 enables us to fix the place of his residence in 
London : Edward Bendall 14 of Boston thereby acknowledging himself 
indebted to " Symon Lynd of Lond.," for a certain sum to be paid " at 
the dwelling-house of M rs Elizabeth Lynd in Buttolph lane in London." 
Undoubtedly she had lived there in her husband's life-time, as it was near 
London Bridge and the shipping; and the Church of St. Andrew, 
Hubbard, was in the same lane. This was the place of residence of some 
of the highest of the English nobility. 

Of the ancestry of Enoch Lynde we have no positive knowledge, 
beyond the fact, given in the old Bible, that he was the grandson of 
Nathan and Elizabeth Linde, and the evidence of gentle descent afforded 
by the arms which he bore on his seal. Simon Lynde, son of Enoch, 
having been only twelve years old when his father died, would naturally 
lose much of the family-history, while the long widowhood of Elizabeth 
(Digby) Lynde accounts for more of the family-history of the Digbys 
being transmitted. The Lynde arms on Enoch Lynde's seal were (tinct- 
ures not represented) : Gu. on a chief Or three mallets of the first. 

An impression of this seal (proved to have been Enoch Lynde's by its 
impaling Digby arms, in right of his wife as an heiress) was affixed by his 
son Simon to a Deed of 1682, and also to his Will dated July 21, 1685 ; and 
a grandson of Simon Lynde, in a letter to Lord Henry Digby, which we 
shall mention again, farther on, speaks of a silver inkcase, in his possession, 
as bearing "the arms of Digby impaled with those of our family." A 
fac-simile of this seal, from the original Will of Simon Lynde, for which 
we are indebted to Dr. F. E. Oliver of Boston, will be found on the sheet 

" Suffolk Deeds. Liber I. Boston, 1880, pp. 142-43. 

14 Probably the father of the third wife of Simon Lynde's son Samuel (see below). 


of our Lynde Pedigree. Of another seal used by Simon Lynde, which 
displays Lynde arms alone, Mr. Samuel H. Russell of Boston, in a recent 
letter (Oct. 28, 1889), says: 

" Mr. Mitchell, our seal-engraver, says the cutting of this silver die of the Lynde 
arms is one of the best specimens, of Dutch or German work of the 17th century, better 
than could have been done in England." 

Probably the seal of Enoch Lynde was of the same workmanship. 

Our Lynde arms, though "nowhere recorded in England ... are 
almost identical with those granted in Holland to the noble family of 
Van der Linden, as recorded in the College of Arms at the Hague, a 
branch of which family is said to have emigrated to England in the six- 
teenth century." 15 The arms of the Barons Van der Linden d' Hoogvorst, 
of Dutch descent, now of Belgium, are : Git. on a chief Arg. three mallets 
Sa., with a crest differing from that of our Lyndes. In reply to a letter of 
ours giving a copy of the arms of Enoch Lynde, the following com- 
munications were received : 

" The Hague, 29 Feb. 1880." 
" Dear Sir, 

" I have the pleasure to inform you that I have discovered the name of the family 
bearing the coat of arms of which you have given me a copy. That name is Van der 
Linden. . . . The arms are Gules on a chief Argent three mallets Sable. Descendants 
of this family, the Barons van der Linden d' Hoogvorst, are still living in Belgium. 
. . . The arms of the Stockbridges" are: Argent on a chevron Azure three bezants 
Or. . . . 

" P. A. Van der Velde, 
" Secretary of the College of Arms and Nobility of the Netherlands." 
[To the United States Minister 

at the Hague, Hon. James Birney.] 

16 The Diaries, ut supra, pp. iii-iv ; and Private Letter of the late Edward H. Lynde of New York 
(a descendant of Judge Nathaniel Lynde), March 20, 1880. 
16 Of the family of Elizabeth Digby's mother (see above). 



"The arras of the family of Lynde, of which a drawing has been given to me, 
are identically the same as those of the Barons d' Hoogvorst — Gules a chief Arg. 
charged with three mallets Sable. The crest differs. . . ." 

[Translation of a report made by Mons. P. Delsaux, Archivist and Genealogist 
of Brussels.] 

Before this correspondence had elicited the facts Col. Chester, consult- 
ing English records, had decided that our Lynde arms are a foreign coat. 
We have already noted circumstances which indicate that our Lyndes were 
of foreign extraction, perhaps Dutch ; the finding of their arms in Holland, 
though with a difference in tinctures, confirms this supposition. The 
difference in tinctures between the arms of Van der Linden and those of 
our Lyndes may be due either to an original variation, determined by 
heraldic authority, or to a loss, in our family, of the tradition of the true 
colors. As has been stated, the seal of Enoch Lynde did not indicate tinct- 
ures. If, as facts seem to show, Enoch Lynde was either born in the Low 
Countries or of Dutch descent, his business-associations with them would 
be easily accounted for. It was perhaps there, or on his ships going to or 
returning from England, that he met Elizabeth Digby, who had spent her 
youth, and perhaps her life till her marriage, with her mother's relatives in 
Holland. We may believe that Dutch was spoken in their family, and 
that in that way their son Simon acquired the intimate knowledge of the 
language which caused his being chosen by Mr. Delanay to attend to his 
business in Holland. It has been customary, in all generations, for 
foreigners, on becoming resident in England, to translate or otherwise 
change their names into English forms. A natural and easy gradation of 
change in the name of this family would be from Linden to Linde, Lind 
and Line, or Lynde, Lynd and Lyne. The grandparents of Enoch Lynde, 
as we have seen, were called Nathan and Elizabeth Linde ; and examples 
of the other forms are to be met with." 

" There had been, in England, very ancient heraldic families spelling their names De la Lynde, 
Lynde, Lynne, Lyne, etc., whose coats of arms are entirely different from that of our family. The Lynde 
family of England was one of distinction whose name a Van der Linden need not be unwilling to bear. 



The exceptional imperfection of the existing Registers of the parish 
of St. Andrew, Hubbard — there being no record whatever for the period 
between 1599 and 1705, "except two or three leaves containing entries 
for the year 1621 and 1622," as Col. Chester has informed us, limits our 
knowledge of the children of Enoch Lynde, from that source, to the 
scanty items already stated. But the Will of his son Simon refers to " my 
Deceased Brother Mathew [4] Lynde." 

This Matthew Lynde the "Calendar of State Papers" enables us to 
trace as a Surgeon in the British Navy as early as 1653; the family- 
pedigree, drawn up by the second Chief Justice Lynde, places his birth 
"about 1620." 

Of the year 1653, December 3, among letters and papers relating to 
the Royal Navy, is an 

"order for 50/. to Mat. Lynde, late Surgeon of the Rainbow, on his petition for 
expense of medicines for prisoners, planters and mariners taken by Sir John Ayscue 
in his expedition to Sally and the Barbadoes." 

Of February 20, 1654, in the same collection, is a communication 
from Generals Blake and Penn to the Commissioner of the Navy of the 
following substance : 

" Having appointed Math. Linde surgeon of the Sovereign, one of the summer 
guard, have sent him up for his chest and medicaments, and desire that his bills may 
be made out for his imprest and free gift, and the money paid to him." 

Of the date of March 25, 1662-63, 1S a memorandum as follows : 

" Matthew Lyne's appointment as surgeon for the Kent came after the place had 
been filled up, on order of the Duke of York, by Wm. Wye. Begs that Wye may be 
retained, and Mr. Lyne shall be entered on one of the other ships which are to be 
fitted up." 18 

In the beginning of our investigations, before we had ascertained the nationality of Enoch Lynde's 
ancestry, Col. Chester wrote : "I have often found undoubted Lynnes spelling their name Lin,/, Linde, 
Lynd, and Lynde, and as often undoubted Lytnles spelling theirs Lynne, Line, Lyne, and even Lines and 

18 Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series. 1653-54 . . . London, 1879, pp. 526, 579 ; and 
Id. 1663-64 . . . London, 1862, p. 85. 


Robert Edwin Lyne, a contributor to "Notes and Queries" (VI. 
Series, iv. 391), writes us : "I have a copy in my possession of an original 
letter written by General Monck, recommending Enoch son of Matthew 
Lyne for admission to the Charter House [School], London, as follows : 

" ' Honoured Sir : There being one Mr. Matthew Line, who hath bin longe in 
the Service of the Commonwealth as Chyurgeon att Sea, and being a very deserving 
person, I make itt my Request to you that you will afford yo r assistance for the 
admitting of his sonne Enoch Line into the Charter-house, w ch I shall take as a 
Respect done yo r very humble serv', George Monck." 

"St. James's, 11 Ap. 1660."" 

" ' For the ho bIe John Thurloe Esq., Secretary of State, these att Whitehall.' " 

Simon Lynde, in his Will, leaves a legacy to this nephew in the 
following words : 

" Item, I doe give and bequeath unto my Kinsman Enoch Lynde sonne of my 
Deceased Brother Mathew Lynde Twenty-five Pounds, to be paid within twelve 
months after my decease ; and acquitte him alsoe of what he is Justly accountable to 
me for, a Cargoe I intrusted him with Considerable, Provided he accept the said 
Bequeste thankfully, and give a full and Generall Discharge According to the 
Discretion of my Executors." 

There was, also, another son of Enoch and Elizabeth (Digby) Lynde, 
named Enochs _ born, probably, between 1624 and 1630, of whom we 
know no more. 

The only other child of Enoch Lynde, of whom we have any mention, 
was SIMON, 4 "third son," baptized (as his grandson the second Chief 
Justice of the name says) at St. Andrew, Holborn (properly Hubbard, see 
above), in June 1624. " He was for a time apprenticed to a Mr. Delanay, 
a merchant of London ;"*> afterwards he was sent by him to Holland for 
business-purposes, and " Keept his books in y e Dutch toungue." That 

19 At this date, the famous General Monck, who wrote this letter, having been a trusted Parlia- 
mentarian, was on the point of declaring for the Restoration. 
80 The Diaries, ut supra, p. vi. 


Simon Lynde treasured Mr. Delanay's memory, through life, with affec- 
tionate respect, is shown by the following item in his Will : 

" I give and bequeath to Mr. Benjamin Delanay, my Honoured Master, six 
pounds in money, to be paid within on yeare after my Decease." 

It seems very probable that Mr. Lynde named his son Benjamin in 
honor of this friend of his youth who had trained him for his business-life. 

He came to New England in 1650, and, in February 1652, after a 
brief visit to the old country in the interval (see above, where he is named 
as "of Lond." in 1651), married Hannah daughter of Mr. John Newdigate, 
who died December 20, 1684. Simon Lynde made his home, on his 
marriage, in the house of his father-in-law Newdigate, to which he made a 
large and handsome addition, " a fair large Structure." This house stood 
on the corner of Hanover street and Wing's Lane, now Elm street (in the 
aristocratic quarter of colonial Boston) ; and there his son Samuel also 
resided with his family, affixing to the building the Lynde arms. It was 
the home of Newdigates and Lyndes for at least four generations (see 


In the list of soldiers in King Philip's War, of Capt. Oliver's Company, 
appears the name of " Mr. Simon Lynde." He was a member of the 
Ancient and Honorable Artillery. 

" During the more than thirty years of his life in the colony . . ." he "was a 
person of prominence, and acquired large landed possessions in Massachusetts, 
Connecticut and Rhode Island. In 1686 he was appointed, under President Dudley, 
one of the Assistant Justices of the Court of Pleas and Sessions [the first colonial 
Court established after the vacating of the colonial charter], and, in the following 
year, one of the Justices Assistant of the Superior Court, with Samuel Shrimpton 
and Charles Lidgett. He died on the 22d of November 1687, possessed of a large 
estate . . ."*' 

21 Id., p. vi.; and Washburn's Sketches of the Judicial History of Massachusetts, pp. 85-87. 


Chief Justice Sewall, in making a note of the death of Justice Simon 
Lynde in his "Diary," says: the "burial" "took place on the 26 th of 
November; Bearers: Colonel Shrimpton, Mr. Nowell, Justice Bullivant, 
Justice Hutchinson, Mr. Addington and Mr. Saffin ; His Excellency in a 
scarlet Cloak." 22 

We group together the brief records of those early times, and our few 
family-notes, that throw light upon Simon Lynde's character, education, 
. political and social circle and general environment. The son of a merchant 
in London who was employed in a responsible government-service, he was 
brought up by his widowed mother, who was in communication with her 
Digby relatives, and presented by John Digby first Earl of Bristol to 
King Charles I., to offer his allegiance. Born in 1624, and dying in 1687, 
Simon Lynde was long a contemporary of Sir Kenelm Digby^ born in 
1603, who died in 1665; and of George Digby second Earl of Bristol, 
born in 1612, who died in 1676 ; and he must have been keenly interested 
in the brilliant and varying fortunes of both, as his own relatives, and also as 
distinguished men of the world. Trusted for his character, and valued for 
his capacity and acquirements, he was sent by his honored, employer 
Mr. Delanay to take a confidential position in Holland, and to keep "his 
books in y c Dutch toungue." Brought into association from early life with 
persons of the highest social position, and acquiring in England the educa- 
tion to fit him for it, he had the farther opportunities of foreign life, and 
the enlargement of mind given by an early and thorough knowledge of a 
foreign language. When he came to Boston in 1650, at the age of twenty- 
six, his social rank at home, his varied training, his high character and his 
property fitted him to take a prominent place among the leading men in 
the new colony. Of what that place was we catch occasional suggestions 
in the old records. 

In the list of honored and trusted men selected to take charge of and 

" Id., pp. vi-vii. 


preserve the valuable records of the colony 23 Mr. Lynde's name is second, 
following that of Wait Still Winthrop Esq. son of Gov. John Winthrop 
of Connecticut, who " was for about thirty years a member of the 
Executive Council, and Major-General of the provincial forces, besides 
holding, for shorter periods, the offices of Judge of Admiralty, Judge of 
the Superior Court and Chief Justice." His name precedes those of 
Benjamin Bullivant who was " made Attorney-General as being of noble 
family," and "Mr. Isaac Addington" who was Speaker, Assistant, member 
of the Council, Secretary, Judge of the highest Court, and afterwards 
Chief Justice. 

Public records of Massachusetts show that Simon Lynde, amid the 
early mutterings of colonial discontent, ever retained an earnest devotion to 
the Crown — as if his remembrance of having been introduced, in his 
youth, to kiss the hand of Charles I., which was, probably, at a critical 
period in that sovereign's reign (see 3!i0flS?), had pledged him to a 
life-long loyalty. 

We take a few notes from Justice Lynde's long and minute Will, 
dated December 23, 1687: 

He had "already given and bestowed upon and unto each of my two 
sonns Samuel and Nathaniel considerable Estate of and in w ch they are 
siezed and possessed ;" he therefore gave to his other children certain 
pieces of property, and legacies in money to his children and to the grand- 
children who were then born, to his nephew Enoch, son of his deceased 

23 "At a Council held in Boston, New England, on Wednesday, the 8th of December, 1686. 

"That Wait Winthrop Esq., Simon Lynde Esq., Benjamin Bullivant, Mr. Isaac Addington and 
Mr. Daniel Allen be a committee, with the Secretary, to receive and sort and form the records of the 
country, now in the hand of Mr. Edward Rawson, late Secretary, that so they may be apt and ready for 
service ; and that the persons above named be all sworn to the faithful discharge of their trust in this 
matter, and, to the end it may be forthwith proceeded in, Mr. Lynde and Mr. Bullivant are empowered, 
and hereby ordered, to take the same from Mr. Rawson tomorrow, and remove them, in the posture they 
are now in, into the Library Chamber. . . ."—Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 
Third Series. Boston, 1838, vii., 162. 


brother Matthew Lynde, and to his " Honored Master Mr. Delanay." He 
also left for his executors to distribute "fore score pounds unto fforty poor 
families such as are Godly, and have reall need of relief." He then divided 
the residue of his property among his seven children, including his "new 
and Old house in Boston " — that is, the Nevvdigate house with his additions 
— which he left to George Pordage and Elizabeth his wife, daughter of 
the testator. For his son Benjamin he made the special provision : 

" Item. My order and will is that my sonn Benjamin his charges and maintain- 
ance at Harvard College in Cambridge, till he have Commenced Master of Arts, be 
paid and allowed out of my Estate, and in no wise to be charged unto him, hopeing 
he continue his Studies and belong to the said College soe Long." 

This provision is repeated by Justice Lynde, in a codicil to his Will, 
" that my sonn Benjamin his maintainance at Colledge . . . shall be 
allowed out of my Estate before any Dividents, my true meaning his 
Learning being an honour to the Family." Justice Lynde, dying at the 
age of sixty-three, lived till a year after his son's graduation at Cambridge, 
but he did not live to see the consummation of his hopes in the eminent 
career by which his son Benjamin, by " his Learning," became "an honour 
to the Family," which "learning" and "honour" were repeated in his 
eminent grandson, the second Benjamin. 

He made his three sons executors of his Will, and his " Loveing and 
Honoured friends" Mr. John Saffin, Mr. Isaac Addington, and his son-in- 
law George Pordage "Overseers" of his Will, and gave them money to 
buy rings. 

Among the items in the Inventory of Justice Lynde's property, not 
previously given to his children, and remaining with him at his death, are : 

" Sevall houseing and Lands Lyeing Scituate in Boston according to a Rest, and 
perticuler. thereof Drawne forth by himselfe, and value sett thereon am : to ^3645. 

"Item. Sevall Parcells of Land and buildings Scituate in Diverse places of the 
Countrey according to the rest, and perticulers thereof Drawne forth by himselfe, 
and value sett thereupon Amounting to .£2531." 


He also owned other lands in Rhode Island and Connecticut. The 
whole amount of property given in the Inventory was the great sum, for 
that time, of ^7622 .18 .05. There are no details of household articles, and 
our attention is therefore only called, especially, to the items " Plate in an 
Iron bound Chest 630 oz. at 6s. 6d. p. oz. = £204. 15." " Gold Rings and 
English money . . . £40 .4 .3." In the same precious trunk was 
other money to the amount of ,£190.14. 

Concerning the "Plate in an Iron bound Chest" we can give few 
definite facts. Justice Lynde's son, the first Chief Justice Benjamin 
Lynde, in his Will (1739), bequeathed to "my son William Lynde Fifty 
Pounds in Plate or anything else he shall chuse of my personal estate." 
This son William Lynde, in his Will (1752) gave to his cousin Joseph 
Lynde's son William "my silver-hilted sword, my silver watch, and my 
silver porringer," "to my niece Mary Lynde daughter of my brother 
Benj n Lynde Esq., as a token of my love, my silver chafin dish which I 
value about fifty pounds," " to my niece Hahah Lynde- . . . twenty 
five ounces of plate," " to Lydia Lynde . . . my silver tankard." 

The second Chief Justice Benjamin Lynde, in his Will (1776) gives 
to his wife his "best Tankard" and "half the Plate and Books, to be 
accounted six hundred pounds;" and "to my grandson Lynde Walter a La. 
flowered Silver Beaker that was my great Grandmother Elizabeth Digby's, 
which piece of Plate is near two hundred years old," "and to my Grand 
daughter Mary Lynde Walter ... my small silver Tankard." 

In the large Inventory of John Valentine Esq., who married Mary 
only child and heir of Samuel Lynde Esq., we find 462 oz. of Plate 
ap. £223.8, a dozen each of silver-handled Knives and forks, and two 
silver-handled swords. 

The rich Inventory of Judge Nathaniel Lynde will be given with our 
account of him, though it is impossible to learn how large a proportion of 
his silver came out of his father's " Iron bound Chest," and how much 
came with the Willoughby heiress whom he married. 


The children of Justice Simon and Hannah (Newdigate) Lynde were : 

i. Samuel? born December i, 1653; "an opulent merchant of 
Boston ;" "a Justice for Suffolk, in w ch office he was used in most of y" 
business in Boston where he lived and merchandized;" 31 who married: 
first, in 1674, Mary daughter of Jarvis Ballard; and had, beside several 
children who died in infancy, a daughter Mary? who married John 
Valentine Esq., an eminent pleader-at-law, and Advocate-General, in the 
Provinces, had several children, and died in 1732; secondly, Mary Brick, 
s. p.; and, thirdly, Mary Anna Bendall "widow of Dr. [Daniel] Allen," 
who survived her Lynde husband, s. p., dying in 1727. Samuel Lynde 
died October 2, 1721. 

" On his residence were the arms of Lynde cut in stone" with the 
initials " S. L" and the date "171 2" — which are still to be seen on the 
front of a granite building in Washington Street, near Cornhill, Boston. 8 

We are indebted to Mrs. Frances Erving 10 (Valentine) Weston of 
Boston for the following notes on this branch of our family : 

" Simon Lynde's eldest son Samuel was my great great great grand- 
father. Little has been known of him, and but little have I been able to 
glean after long and tedious work ; although, by the trust placed in him by 
his fellow-townsmen it is evident that he was a man of sterling worth, 
with rare judgment, as he was prominent in all changes to be made in 

"Samuel [8] Lynde was born in Boston December 1, 1653; was a 
merchant and a Justice, possessed of much wealth, some inherited from his 
father Simon Lynde and increased by good investments in Boston, Say- 
brook and other places. He married : first, October 20, 1674, Mary 
daughter of Jarvis Ballard of Boston. She was born March 27, 1657. 
They lived in Hanover Street, corner of Wing's Lane. Over their door 
was the coat-of-arms of the Lyndes. I am inclined to think it may have 

24 From the old Lynde pedigree. 

25 The Dairies, ut supra, p. vii. The Lynde arms are also on one of the sides of the family-tomb in 
the Charter Street Cemetery in Salem, Mass. 


been his father's; 36 but Simon Lynde's arms, on his Will, which I have seen, 
impale the Digby with the Lynde arms. They had five children, all but 
the youngest one dying very soon after their birth. Samuel Lynde's Bible 
(dated 1662) is still in existence, and many of the dates given are taken from 
it. Mrs. Mary (Ballard) Lynde died February i, 1697-98. Her husband 
married, secondly, 27 Mary Anna daughter of Freegrace Bendall, a merchant 
of Boston, as deeds say, but Savage says : ' he was Clerk of the Superior 
Court in 1670.' Freegrace was son of Edward Bendall who came to 
Boston in 1630, in the fleet with Winthrop. Freegrace was born May 5, 
1636, and married Mary daughter of Francis Lyall, and with her was 
drowned, June 6, 1676, returning from Noddles' Island to town, by his 
boat upsetting in a sudden squall ; they left eight children. The Boston 
records do not give a connected account of this family. It appears that at 
various times Samuel Lynde furnished his brother Benjamin money to 
enable him to finish his studies in England ; and that Samuel took as security 
portions of Benjamin's share in the estate of their father Simon Lynde, 
excepting Thompson's Island, which had been given to Benjamin as part 
of his share, and remained in the family for over one hundred years. The 
second marriage is not mentioned in the old Bible. Mrs. Mary Anna 
(Bendall) Lynde had been, previously to this marriage, the widow of 
Dr. Daniel Allen, a physician of Boston, by whom she had eight children. 
Dr. Allen died in 1694, a year after he was elected a Representative. He 
gave in his Will all his property to his wife, during her widowhood, and 
she was to provide for and educate the children until they attained full 
age. Only two of these children survived : Eleazer, who went to Carolina, 
and of whom all trace was lost ; and Katharine, who married Hon. Josiah 
Willard, a son of the second Minister of the Old South Church. By him 
she had three children, mentioned in Josiah Willard's Will : Daniel, 
William and Katharine ; the latter married Henry Gibbs of Salem, Mass.* 
"Samuel Lynde died October 2 nd , 1721, aged sixty-seven years and 
nine months. He left one daughter by his first wife : Mary [9], born in 

26 The old Lynde pedigree records that Samuel Lynde "Lived \v ta his Fatlr " i. e. in the old 
Newdigate house, to which his father added a "fair large Structure," as above stated. 

91 Properly the third marriage. Our authority for the second marriage, to Mary Brick, is the old 
Lynde pedigree. 

88 An ancestor of Professor Josiah Willard Gibbs of Yale University. 


Boston November 16, 1680; who married, April 16, 1702, John Valentine 
of Eccles, co. Lancaster, England. John Valentine was a lawyer, and 
held the office of Crown Advocate, succeeding, I think, his wife's uncle 
Benjamin, when he became Judge of the Superior Court — afterwards Chief 
Justice. In ' Sketches of the Judicial History of Mass.' John Valentine 
is mentioned as 'a lawyer of distinguished learning and integrity,' and, 
also, as 'an agreeable and expressive speaker.' 29 He was Warden of King's 
Chapel in 1715 and 1716. He died February 1, 1723. In the notice of his 
death it was said he was a ' gentleman for his Knowledge and integrity, 
most eminent in his profession, clear in his Conceptions, and distinguishable 
happy in his expressions. It pleased God, some short time before his 
death, to deprive him of these excellent endowments by afflicting him with 
deep melancholy, which brought on him the loss of his Reason and was the 
cause of his much lamented death.' His funeral took place from King's 
Chapel, and the burial was in the grounds of that church. His widow died 
March 26, 1732, after an illness of four months, and was buried in her 
grandfather's tomb, where, probably, her father Lynde was laid, on Boston 

" Their children were : 

" I. Samuel,™ born December 28, 1702 ; who married : first, June 25, 
1729, Abigail Durfee of Freetown; secondly, in October 1766, Rebecca 
Hall of Swansea. He died March 14, 1781. He was the inheritor, in 1763, 
of Bencliffe Hall, Eccles, co. Lancaster, England, which had been in the 
family more than 400 years. He sold it, in the last century, to a relative in 

"II. Elizabeth,™ born February 22, 1703-04; who married, in 1724, 
Col. Joseph Gooch. He was the son of James and Hester Gooch. 

" III. John,™ born November 8, 1706; who died at Portsmouth, 
England, while his parents were there on a visit, September 24, 171 1. 

14 " IV. Edmund,™ born June 16, 1709 ; who died January 30, 1710-11. 

15 "V. Thomas,™ born August 3, 1713; who married, July 17, 1735, 

16 Elizabeth daughter of James Gooch. Their children were : 1. Thomas,^ 
[7 born August 31, 1736; 2. James, m born December 31, 1737; who died 

18 at Guadeloupe, September 23, 1755; 3. Elizabeth^ born May 18, 1739; 

19 who married Zaccheus Ballard of Sugar Creek, Pa.; 4. John, m born 

29 See Sketches. ... By Judge Emory Washburn. . . . Boston, 1840, p. 186. 


July i, 1740; who settled in Little Compton, R. I.; 5. Joseph}® born 
October 21, 1741; a sailor, unmarried ; who died at the Valentine Home- 
stead in Hopkinton, Mass., in 181 7. Owner of the Samuel Lynde Bible, 
he gave it to his nephew Col. Joseph™ Valentine, who in turn gave it to 
his grandson Joseph Valentine [11] Fitch, now, or formerly, of Maples, 
Ind., the present owner; 6. Hester}® born in 1743; who died the same 
year; 7. Hester® 2d, born in 1744; who died the same year; 8. Samuel,® 
born December 7, 1745; who married, in December 1771, Elizabeth 
daughter of Col. John and Mary (Mellen) Jones. She died September 28, 
1828; he died March 10, 1834, in the Valentine Homestead where he 
was born. They had twelve children, of whom my father Lawson® 
Valentine was the eleventh child. 30 A portion of the large farm and the 
Homestead is still in my family; 9. Mary,® born November 14, 1747; 
who married Joseph Ballard of Oxford, Mass.; 10. Hannah,® born 
June 2, 1749 ; who died the same year ; 11. William,® born November 2, 
1750; who married Elizabeth daughter of Anthony Jones, and cousin to 
Samuel's wife. They had a large family. 

"VI. Mary, m born March 23, 1714-15. 

"VII. Edmund m 2d, born October 22, 1 71 7 ; named in the Will 
(1720) of his grandfather Samuel Lynde (who gives to him 'a farm of 
three hundred acres lying at Penuchenk beyond Groton ')." a 



Simon and Hannah (Newdigate) Lynde had : 

2. Simon, 5 born September 27, 1655 ; who died the same year. 

3. John, 5 born November 9, 1657; who died September 20, 1671. 

4. NATHANIEL 6 (see below). 

5. Elisabeth, 5 born March 25, 1662 ; who married Mr. George Pordage 
of Boston j 32 and died in June 1746. "Her daughter Hannah® married, 


30 Mrs. Frances Erving Valentine married Samuel Martin Weston (Bowdoin 1844), who was elected 
in i860 Head Master of the " Roxbury High School for Boys and Girls." 

81 The Valentines in America. By T. W. Valentine. New York. 1874 [with contributions by 
Mrs. Weston]. Among the descendants of Samuel Lynde, in the Valentine line, was the well known 
New York artist Albert F." Bellows, who was born in 1829 and died in 18S3. 

35 " alive and Well [says the first Chief Justice Benjamin Lynde, in a memorandum dated August 24, 
1732] at her Dwelling with her s d Son in Law James Bodwine and his wife, her only daughter and child 
now living, and to whom she is a tender Mother and Active Nurse in her Blindness and Illness, with 


in 1 714, Hon. James Bowdoin, the father of the Governor of that name, and 
died August 23, 1734;" 33 and Hannah Bowdoin's daughter Elizabeth (43) 
married, in 1732, Hon. James Pitts. 

Here we touch the spring of two courses of Lynde descent, on the 
female side, which must not be passed over with a mere" allusion. 

The Bowdoins were Huguenots of La Rochelle, whose representative, 
at the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, was Dr. Pierre 
Baudouin, "a man of family and fortune in his own land." He fled 
from France to Ireland, and in 1687 came to Casco Bay in the Province 
of Maine, whence he and his family, barely escaping with their lives from 
the fury of Indian savages, came to Boston in 1690. He died four years 
afterwards. His eldest son, James (who was the first to take the name 
of Bowdoin), seventeen years old at his father's death, became a truly 
princely merchant of Boston, and, dying in 1 747, at the age of seventy- 
one, left to his children "the greatest estate which had been possessed, 
at that day, by any one person in Massachusetts." He was also dis- 
tinguished in civil life, having been "chosen a member of the Colonial 
Council for several years before his death :" the Executive Council of 
Massachusetts was to that State "what the United States Senate is to 
the United States, or the House of Lords is to England." It was this 
first James Bowdoin who married Hannah Pordage. She was his second 
wife. By his first wife, Sarah Campbell, he had a son William, who, 

which God in his Sovereign Will, tho' sore afflicting Providence, is pleased to visit her, whom all in 
Christian Charity conclude his dear Child by Adoption thro' Christ the beloved Son of God our 
Heavenly Father. Oh ! may we in our Souls aspire, and be more Heavenly minded, while heavy old age 
is pressing these our mortal bodies down to their native and dusty grave." 

In the Diary of the first Chief Justice Lynde, under date of March 25, 1736, we find the following: 
"My sister Elisabeth Pordage, her birth day, and she is now 74 years old, and has had, and still hath, 
her senses vigorous, and her reason quick and bright, and, although this day troubled with a rheumatism, 
as she is sometimes, yet her bodily walk and gesture is upright, straight, nimble and light, and yet 
without affectation, and thus I have reason to hope is the state of her soule, in her Christian and 
heavenly course. May we both mind this chiefly, good Lord !" — The Diaries, ut supra, p. 67. 

83 The Diaries, ut supra, p. viii. 


by a second marriage, to Phcebe Murdock, had a daughter Sarah, after- 
wards the wife : first, of Hon. James Bowdoin of the fourth generation 
of the family in this country, from whom Bowdoin College took its 
name ; and, secondly, of Gen. Henry Dearborn. The youngest son of 
38 James and Hannah (Pordage) Bowdoin was the Hon. James 1 Bowdoin, 

graduated at Harvard in 1745, who is commonly designated as Gov. 
Bowdoin, he having been elected Lieut. Gov. of Massachusetts on the 
organization of the State Government under the Constitution of 1779, 
formed by a Convention of some of the ablest men of the Commonwealth, 
of which he had been the President, and having been elected Governor of 
the State to succeed John Hancock. He had been a distinguished patriot 
through all the trying times preceding and during the American Revolu- 
tion, not allowing any fear of loss of fortune, or even of life, or any other 
personal consideration, to slacken his generous devotion to the cause of 
civil liberty and independence. 

" Indeed," says his distinguished and eloquent great grandson, Hon. Robert 
Charles Winthrop of Boston, " if any one would fully understand the rise and 
progress of revolutionary principles on this continent ; if he would understand the 
arbitrary and tyrannical doctrines which were asserted by the British Ministry, and 
the prompt resistance and powerful refutation which they met at the hands of our 
New England patriots, he must read what are called 'The Massachusetts State 
Papers,' consisting, mainly, of the messages of the Governor to the Legislature, and 
the answers of the two branches of the Legislature to the Governor during this 
period. ... It was by these State Papers, more, perhaps, than by anything else, 
that the people of that day were instructed as to the great rights and interests which 
were at stake, and the popular heart originally and gradually prepared for the great 
issue of Independence. ... If James Otis's argument against Writs of Assist- 
ance, in 1761 . . . breathed into this nation the breath of life, few things, if 
anything, did more to prolong that breath, and sustain that life . . . than 
the answers of the House of Representatives of Massachusetts to the insolent 
assumptions of Bernard and Hutchinson, mainly drafted by the same James Otis 
and Samuel Adams, and the answers of the Council, mainly drafted by James 



39 The only son of Gov. Bowdoin was another Hon. James 9, Bovvdoin, 
"a gentleman of liberal education [graduated at Harvard in 1771] and 
large fortune, repeatedly a member of both branches of the Legislature of 
Massachusetts, who received from Mr. Jefferson the appointments, suc- 
cessively, of Minister Plenipotentiary to the Court of Spain and Associate 
Special Minister with General Armstrong to the Court of France. . . . 
He died without children ; but it was only to give new attestation to that 
quaint conceit of Lord Bacon : ' Surely a man shall see the noblest works 
and foundations have proceeded from childless men ; who have sought to 
express the images of their minds, where those of their bodies have failed : 
so the care of posterity is most in them that have no posterity.' " It was 
this James Bowdoin from whom Bowdoin College took its name, who 
" became its munificent patron by gifts of lands, apparatus and money in 
his life-time, and at his death by making it a residuary legatee by will." M 

40 The only daughter of Gov. Bowdoin was Elizabeth? who married 
Sir John Temple, born in Boston, and an ardent patriot, who succeeded 
to an English baronetcy, on the death of his fourth cousin, the seventh 

4 1 Baronet, in 1786. ElizabetJfi Temple, a child of this marriage, was 
the wife of Lieut. Gov. Thomas Lindall Winthrop, and mother of 
Hon. Robert Charles 10 Winthrop, from whose finished discourse on the 
" Life and Services of James Bowdoin " we 'have chiefly drawn the preced- 
ing statements. 35 

The Pitts family of this country traces back to Baruth Pitts, Mayor 
of Lyme Regis, co. Dorset, Engl., whose son John left his native shores 
for New England, and settled in Boston, in 1694, only four years after the 
arrival there of his Huguenot friend Pierre Baudouin, whose grand- 
daughter married his son. In Boston he became an affluent merchant. 

84 History of Bowdoin College. ... By Nehemiah Cleaveland . . . ed. and compl. by 
Alpheus Spring Packard. . . . Boston, 1882, p. 31. 

3S Addresses and Speeches on various occasions. By Robert C. Winthrop. Boston, 1S52, pp. 90-133. 
Comp. A Geneal. and Herald. Diet, of the Peerage and Baronetcy. ... By Sir Bernard Burke 
. . . London, 18S7, pp. 1348-49. 




He married, in 1697, Elizebeth Lindall, and had several children. His 
third son was James, graduated at Harvard in 1731 — his name placed 
second on the list of his Class, a significant indication, at that day, of social 
standing — who became the husband of Elizabeth 1 sister of Gov. Bowdoin. 
He, like his distinguished father-in-law, was a man of large wealth, living 
in luxury, and yet a most unselfish, inflexible, unflinching, as well as 
sagacious, patriot, a bosom-friend and counsellor of Samuel Adams. "At 
the hospitable board of James Pitts and Elizabeth Bowdoin must often 
have been seen the form of Samuel Adams. . . . There was through 
all their lives the most cordial friendship between the Pitts and that old 
hero." Mr. Pitts was associated with his brother-in-law Bowdoin as a 
member of the Executive Council of Massachusetts for many years. 


"John Adams, in his diary, February 15, 1 77 1, speaks of going to Mr. Pitts' to 
meet the Kennebec Company — Bowdoin, Gardiner, Hallowell and Pitts. There I 
shall hear philosophy and politics in perfection from H., high-flying high church, 
high State from G., 3 ' sedate, cool moderation from Bowdoin, and warm, honest, frank 
Whigg ism from Pitts."" 

Hon. James Pitts was one of those "men of worth in the province" 
to whom Franklin wished to have communicated, "for their satisfaction," 
the letters of Hutchinson, in favor of abridging the liberties of Americans, 
which had been obtained in England, and given to Franklin, by Gov. 
Bowdoin's son-in-law Temple. James Pitts had three sons, John* SamticI 9 
and Lendall* who all kept step with their father during the Revolutionary 
struggle, and worthily did their parts to help on the great consummation. 
All three of the sons were among the foremost of the Sons of Liberty ; 
Lendall Pitts was a leader of the famous Te.a Party ; the eldest son, John, 

3l ' Hallowell and Gardiner were on the English side, in colonial contests, and were proscribed and 
banished in 1778. 

81 See Memorial of the Life and Services of James Pitts and his sons, John, Samuel and Lendall, 
during the American Revolution, 1760-1780, with Geneal. and Histor. Appendix. By Daniel 
Goodwin Jr. . . . Chicago, 1882. This is the authority for all our statements respecting the 
Pitts family. 



"as Selectman," during the siege of Boston by the British, " charged with the 
peace of the city . . . and the thousand duties brought upon him by the presence 
of an army and navy, the stoppage of the port, and the cessation of all business; as 
one of the famous Committee of Correspondence and the Committee of Safety ; as 
Delegate to the County Congress which adopted the Suffolk Resolves ; as member of 
the Second, Third and Fourth Provincial Congresses ... as Speaker of the 
House in 1778, and as Senator four years, he acquitted himself with untiring zeal, 
industry and liberality . . . His uncompromising patriotism continued firm 
during all the scene-shifting of the Revolution."" 

But our limits compel us to cut short our excursion into this attractive 
field of Lynde family-history. 

The sixth child of Simon and Hannah (Newdigate) Lynde was : 
47 6. Joseph? born August 2, 1664; who died August 21, \6"j6.^ 

7. Benjamin, 5 "the sixth son," born September 22, 1666. 
Simon Lynde shows his deep interest in the education of his youngest 
surviving son by the words in his Will : 

" My order and Will is that my sonne Benjamin his charge and maintainance at 
Harvard College in Cambridge . . ." 

already cited, together with a codicil enforcing the same provision. 

Benjamin Lynde "records of himself [in the old Bible of 1595] that 
he was admitted to Harvard College on the 6th of September 1682, by the 
Rev. Increase Mather, after having received his preparatory education 
under the famous grammar-master Ezekiel Cheever, and received his first 
Degree in 1686. It seems to have been his father's desire that he should 
complete his professional studies in England, and it is further recorded 
[by him, in the old Bible] that, on the 27th of June 1692, he sailed for 
England, landed at Plymouth, and arrived in London on the 20th of 
August. ' I was admitted,' he adds, 'for the study of Law (as my father 
had advised) into the honorable Society of the Middle Temple, as by the 

38 The Diaries, ut supra, p. 33. 

89 " Whose Early Piety fix ever on Record, O Sacred Muse !" — wrote the first Ch. Justice B. Lynde. 


admission of October 18, 1692. I was called to the Bar as Counsellor 
at Law in 1697, and received a commission under the Great Seal for King's 
Advocate in the New Court of Admiralty in New England, in the same 
year; I had my own and my clerk's passage in November 1697, by order 
of the Admiralty, in the Fwoy Frigate, Captain Culliford, 40 with whom we 
landed at New York on the 24 th December 1697. . . .' 

"On the 27 th of April 1699, two years after his return from England, 
Mr. Lynde was married to Mary daughter of the Hon. William Browne 
of Salem, one of the Judges of the Common Pleas for Essex, and in that 
town he afterward resided. In 171 2 he was appointed a Judge of the 
Superior Court, and in the following year a Councillor. 41 On the resigna- 
tion of Judge Sewall in 1728 he was made Chief Justice of the Province, 
which office he held at the time of his death. 

" The more than thirty years during which Judge Lynde sat upon the 
Bench was an important era in the judicial history of the Province. 
Previous to that period there were few persons in the colony of any con- 
siderable legal attainment, and judicial appointments were made rather 
through social influence or political favor. The appointment of Judge 
Lynde introduced a new order of things. Bringing with him, from the 
highest 'law school of the realm, a competent knowledge of law, the 
tribunal of which he afterward became the head at once assumed a 
character it had not before possessed. On the occasion of publishing his 
commission, Judge Sewall in an address to the jury remarked ' that they 
would hereafter have the benefit of Inns of Court education superadded 
to that of Harvard College.' 

"To much legal learning Judge Lynde added remarkable industry. 
. . . During the vacations of the Court he might have been found at 
his country seat at Castle Hill, sometimes by break of day, overlooking or 
actually engaged in the work of the farm, or, mounted on his horse ' Rosy,' 
on the road to Boston on some public errand. He was enabled, by a 
remarkable freedom from the infirmities of age, to perform his judicial 
duties to the last. . . . His classical attainments were not the least 

40 We cannot now learn whether he owed this early distinction to the attention drawn to him by 
his own abilities, or to the favor of friends or relatives in high places ; but probably the latter was 
the cause. 

■" He was elected to the Council in 1713, and continued a member till 1737. 



among his many accomplishments. Contemporary notices of him mention 
him as a master in Latin and Greek, and his memorandum books show his 
familiarity with the Latin poets, especially with Horace, of whom he seems 
to have been an especial admirer. 

" He died on the 28 th of January 1745, in the 79 th year of his age, 
and the following extract is from a brief notice of him published at the 
time in the ' Boston Evening Post :' 

" ' Inflexible justice, unspotted integrity, affability and humanity were 
ever conspicuous in him. He was a sincere friend, most affectionate to his 
relations, and the delight of all that were honored with his friendship and 
acquaintance.' " 43 

We add here some more recent notes on the change in the administra- 
tion of justice, in Massachusetts, during the eighteenth century : 

" The eighteenth century opened a new era in the administration of justice. A 
decided improvement was early noticeable in the forms of proceedings, in the dignity 
and impartiality of the courts, and in the ability and integrity of the attorneys. In 
Massachusetts this was due largely to four men, whose careers extended over the first 
half of the eighteenth century. They constituted the first group of eminent lawyers 
in Massachusetts. They were Benjamin Lynde, Paul Dudley, John Read, and 
Robert Auchmuty the elder. The first three were graduates of Harvard College. 
Lynde and Dudley, after a thorough course in law at the Temple, London, returned 
to the colony, and were soon called to the bench of the Superior Court, filling 
between them the position of its chief justice from 1728 to 175 1. Lynde was the first 
member of that court that had received a careful legal training. When he took 
his seat on the bench, in 17 12, the significance of the event was emphasized by 
Judge Sewall. This noble representative of the old school, in addressing the jury, 
expressed the hope that they would now ' have the advantage of an Inns of Court 
education superadded to that of Harvard College.' Indeed, from this time may be 
dated the rise of the law as a liberal profession. A thorough knowledge of law and 
a high sense of honor were in some cases associated with distinction in literature 
or science."" 

In 1 741, while the Court was in session at York, the celebrated 
Rev. Samuel Moody wrote the following lines on the Court : 

42 The Diaries, ut supra, pp. x-xii. 

" Atlantic Monthly for March 1889, p. 374. 



" Lynde, Dudley, Remington, and Saltonstall, 
With Sewall, meeting in the judgment-hall, 
Make up a learned, wise, and faithful set 
Of godlike judges, by God's counsel met."" 

"There are two original portraits of him, painted by Smybert in 1737 ; 
one of these portraits, in the possession of Mrs. William B. Richards of 
Boston, is perhaps among the best of Smybert's efforts ; and among the 
family-portraits one of Madam Lynde, painted at a much earlier date, 
is believed to be by Kneller. . . ," 45 

One of the portraits of the first Chief Justice Lynde is owned by 
Dr. F. E. Oliver our correspondent : this we have examined ; and we have 
a photograph from it carefully copied in water-colors, which is now before 
us. The picture represents the handsome bust of a tall, commanding 
person, wearing a dark blue coat with gilt buttons, closed to the throat. 
There is a deep white collar around the neck, with a long band falling from 
it in front. The majestic head wears a gray curled wig, of which one long 
broad end falls in front over the right breast. The complexion is clear 
and rich in coloring, the eyes dark chestnut, usually called black. The 
nose is high, and all the features regular and handsome. The whole effect 
of the portrait is best expressed in the words from an old English book of 
heraldry: "Great beauty and dignity of person characterized the Digbys 
of the seventeenth century." This described the family in the time of his 
grandmother Elizabeth Digby, and one cannot doubt that the " beauty and 
dignity," depicted in this portrait, were hereditary gifts from her and her 
family. This is the more remarkable when we compare this picture with a 
photograph from a fine old three-quarters-length portrait of his relative 
Sir John Digby first Earl of Bristol, taken when he was from eighteen to 
twenty years of age. The two portraits so much resemble each other that 
they might be supposed to represent the same person, one in his beautiful 
youth, the other in his noble, matured manhood. 

44 Collections of the Massachu 
46 The Diaries, ut supra, p. xii. 

Historical Society. Third Series. Boston, 1846, ix. 124. 



Chief Justice Lynde left a large estate, giving a legacy of ^150. to the 
Confederate Society of which Rev. Mr. John Sparhawk was minister, for 
the purpose of maintaining an orthodox Minister, and ^20. to be laid out 
in a piece of Plate for him. 

"Judge Lynde left two sons, the elder of whom succeeded him on the 

49 Bench, and later as Chief Justice of the Province. William}® his 

younger son, died in Salem, unmarried, in 1752; he was a graduate of 

Harvard College in the class of 1733, and at the time of his death was 

thirty-seven years of age. . . . 46 

Of him the second Chief Justice Lynde wrote in his Diary : 

" May 10th. Died my dear and only brother, William Lynde, aged 37, of a con- 
sumption which appeared on him in March, tho' he by a cold kept his chamber from 
20 th January ; he was buried in my new tomb, to which also my father was removed 
on the 14 th May 1752."" 

A letter from Dr. F. E. Oliver (February 1 7, 1 890) says : 

"William Lynde seems to have been one of whom little is known beyond his 
public spirit and generosity. He graduated at Harvard College in 1733, and lived in 
Salem, dying unmarried. I have a fine portrait of him painted by Smybert." 

In his Will, dated April 7, 1752, are the following items : 

" I give unto William Lynde, the son of my cousin Joseph Lynde [son of 
Nathaniel] of Saybrook, in the Colony of Connecticut, Four Thousand pounds, 
Old Tenor, to be paid in money or Bonds to his Guardian, when he arrives at four- 
teen years of age, to be improved for his maintenance and education here at Salem. 

"I give to my said kinsman, William Lynde, my silver-hilted sword, my silver 
watch and my silver porringer. 

"I give and bequeath to the said William Lynde my halfe of the Farm and land 
at Saybrooke, w ch I have with my brother Benj" Lynde, w ch I desire my Exec" to 
have divided with him, and, w n so done, those Lands and farms, etc., w ch shall fall to 

46 Id., pp. xii-xiii. 
41 Id., p. 177- 



my share, I give to him the s d William Lynde for and during his natural life, and 
after his decease to y e eldest Issue male of his Body lawfully begotten, and, for want 
of Issue male, to Willoughby Lynde y c son of my cousin y e Hon. Sam 1 Lynde Esq. 
of Saybrook, and the Issue male of his Body lawfully begotten, and, for want of 
such issue, to revert to my right Heirs. 

"I give and bequeath to the s d William Lynde four thousand pounds O. Tenor 
to be sett off to him by my executors in such real estate as they shall judge proper, 
to have and to hold to him the said William Lynde, during his natural life, and then 
to descend to his Issue male, and, for want of such Issue male, to my right heirs." 

Other items of his will were : 

" I give and bequeath to the Poor of the town of Salem ^250. old tenor . . . 
unto the Rev d Mr. John Sparhawk, as a token of my love and regard to him, ^100. 
Old Tenor ... to my friend Henry Gibbs ^500. Old Tenor ... to my 
loving cousin Samuel Curwin Esq. ^1000. old Tenor." 

He gave also pieces of silver-plate to each of his two nieces Mary and 
Hannah Lynde, and bequeathed to each of them ,£450. He provided for 
two servants, and left the rest of his property to his brother Benjamin 
Lynde Esq.* 

50 " Benjamin m Lynde Jr., the eldest son of Benjamin Lynde, was born 

on the 5 th of October 1700. He entered Harvard College in 17 14, and 
was graduated in 171 8. . . . Soon after his graduation, as appears 
from his father's Diary, he entered the office of his uncle the Hon. Samuel 
Browne, at that time one of the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas 
for Essex, probably as a student of law, and in 1721 he took his master's 
degree at Cambridge. He soon after received the appointment of Naval 
Officer for the port of Salem, which office he held until his removal by 
Governor Burnett in 1729, on account of political differences. In 1734 
he was appointed a special Judge of the Court of Pleas for Suffolk, and in 
1737 was named as one of the agents to accompany the Commission to 
Hampton, on the settlement of the boundary between New Hampshire 
and Massachusetts. Two years later he was made one of the Standing 

48 Id., pp. 224-26. 


Judges of Common Pleas for Essex, and in 1745, the year of his father's 
death, he was raised to the Superior Bench of the Province. He was a 
member of the Council for many years, but declined a reelection in 1 766, 
in consequence of the controversy that arose in that year between the 
House and Government as to the right of Judges to sit as Councillors. 

"The most important trial that took place during his judicial term 
was that of the soldiers who fired on the mob in State Street. At this 
trial, in the absence of Chief Justice Hutchinson, Judge Lynde presided. 
It was a time of great political excitement, and the occasion was one that 
required the utmost firmness and skill on the part of the Judges, to ensure 
a just and impartial decision. These trials lasted several days, and, as has 
been said, 'proceeded with care and patience on the part of the Bench and 
counsel, and both Judges and Jury seem to have acted with all the impar- 
tiality that is exhibited in the most enlightened tribunals.' 'The result,' 
says Judge Washburn, 'is a proud'memorial of the purity of the adminis- 
tration of justice in Massachusetts.' 

" On the promotion of Chief Justice Hutchinson to the executive 
chair, in 1 77 r, Judge Lynde was appointed to the place now vacant, but 
resigned it not many months after, pending the controversy respecting the 
payment of Judges' salaries by the Crown. He had now reached the 
age of 72, and, ' not being inclined to ride the Circuit longer,' he accepted 
the more humble and less laborious position of Judge of Probate for 
Essex, which office he held until the breaking out of the Revolution, not 
many years before his death . . . and he died on the 5 th of October 
1 78 1, at the advanced age of 81. 

"Judge Lynde was noted for his learning, his liberality and his public 
spirit. In 1754 he was an active member of a society formed for the 
employment of poor people in the manufacture of linen in Boston, and 
among his public gifts was a copy of the ' Statutes of England from 
Magna Charta to the 13th of George I.' in six folio volumes, presented 
by him to the Province. . . . There are also recorded many valuable 
gifts to his native town. He was a diligent student of our Colonial 
History, and, as appears by his Diary, was a contributor to ' Prince's 
Chronological History of New England.' He was also interested in 
genealogy ; and among his MSS. are carefully drawn genealogical tables of 
the different branches of his family. 


". . . ' His wealth and comparatively large official income,' says a 
recent writer, ' enabled him to live in the highest style for those days. 
Strangers of distinction were glad to accept of his hospitality, which was 
unsparingly proffered, from the days of Governor Belcher, who lodged at 
Lynde House in 1739, to the later times when the people paid homage to 
the men of their own choosing' 

"On the 1st of November 1731 Judge Lynde was married to Mary 
daughter of Major John Bowles of Roxbury, a descendant of the 
Rev. John Eliot, the noted Indian missionary. She was at this time the 
widow of Capt. Walter Goodridge, but still young, and a lady of unusual 
personal attractions, and of strong and decided character. She survived 
her husband ten years, and died on the 3 d of May 1 791, at the age of 

"They left three daughters, of whom MaryP ] the eldest, married 
Hon. Andrew Oliver Jr., one of the judges of the Common Pleas for 
Essex [grandson of Peter Oliver who married Sarah Newdigate, a half- 
sister of Hannah Newdigate who married Simon Lynde, so that the 
descendants of Judge Andrew and Mary (Lynde) Oliver are Newdigates 

52 by a twofold descent (see Ht to&fjjatt )] ; Hannah™ who died unmar- 

53 ried ; and Lydza, m who married Rev. William Walter, Rector of Trinity 
Church and afterwards of Christ Church, Boston." 49 

Dr. Oliver has a portrait of the second Chief Justice Benjamin Lynde, 
by Smybert, which represents a tall, stately man with good features, 
especially the eyes and eyebrows, but without so much general effect of 
beauty as those of his father. 

We take pleasure in inserting here a few notes, with which we have 
been favored, respecting our friend and valued correspondent of Lynde 

54 descent, Dr. Fitch Edward™ Oliver of Boston, editor of the " Diaries of 

" Id., pp. xiii-xv. The same (acts of public history, connected with the lives of the two Chief 
Justices Lynde, together with highly appreciative estimates of their character and abilities (in part 
quoted by Dr. Oliver), will be found in Sketches of the Judicial History of Massachusetts. ... By 
Emory Washburn. . . . Boston, 1840, pp. 275-77, 296-98 ; see, also, Id., pp. 163, 191; and compare 
Biogr. Sketches of Graduates of Harvard. ... By John Langdon Sibley, Cambridge, 1885, 
pp. 356-57- 


Lynde," a great grandson of Hon. Andrew and Mary (Lynde) Oliver — 
and respecting a brother of his who died young. Dr. Oliver writes of 
himself : 

" With regard to my own life, I was graduated at Dartmouth College 
in 1839, an d began the practice of medicine in 1844. In 1848 I was one 
of the translators of Chomel's ' Pathologie Generale.' I was for some time 
editor of the ' Boston Medical and Surgical Journal,' and was one of the 
visiting physicians of the City Hospital. In my waiting professional hours 
I gave some attention to the subject of church-music, and published one 
or two small books, one of which has gone through seven editions. I was 
the person alluded to in your reference to church-music. 50 Quite recently 
I have edited the Diary of William Pynchon of Salem, my great grand- 

55 father, my grandfather, Thomas Fitch [8] Oliver having married his daughter. 

56 My father Dr. Daniel [9] Oliver was a distinguished scholar, both classical and 
medical, and was, with Hon. John Pickering, one of the translators of the 
first Greek Lexicon here published, that of Schrevelius, now out of date." 

57 Of his brother William Pynchon}® commonly known as Peter, Oliver 
he writes : 

" Peter Oliver, whose baptismal name was William Pynchon, was 
born on the 29 th of January 1822. He was prepared for College at 
the school of Bishop Hopkins in Burlington, Vermont, and passed two 
years at the University of Vermont. An early predilection for naval life 
led him to abandon his academic studies, in the hope of obtaining a midship- 
man's warrant. Failing in this, he entered the Law School at Cambridge 
where he graduated in 1843, an d thenceforward devoted himself to the 
duties of his profession. During the first years of his professional life, he 
revised and prepared for the press an edition of Oliver's ' Conveyancing,' 
occupying his leisure-hours in the study of the early history of Massachu- 
setts Bay. His historical researches led afterward to the publication of 
'The Puritan Commonwealth,' a work that elicited much commendation 
even from those who, by education and prejudice, were most opposed to 

50 As having given all its high character and finished rendering to the music of the Church of the 
Advent in Boston— E. E. S. 


the views he entertained. ' Though he uses the utmost sharpness of 
severity and invective,' says Dr. Ellis in his review, ' his facts are facts.' 
' The book is written in a style of unsurpassed beauty, having every grace 
of facile and attractive composition.' Before the Supreme Court, says one 
who knew him well, his arguments on questions of law were always 
listened to with attention. In 1853 his health began to fail, and in 1855 
he embarked for a trip abroad, but a sudden hemorrhage, when five days 
out, warned him that his days were numbered. 

"Aware of* his critical condition, he awaited the great change with the 
brave patience of a true Christian ; and died on the 9 th of May, in mid- 
ocean 'whose restless heavings had always made sweet music to his ear.' 

" ' His character,' says a friend, ' was marked by a strong will, decided 
opinion, and by great clearness of intellect, and while extremely courteous 
he was reserved and retiring in his manners and disposition. His high 
sense of honour, his magnanimity and courtesy, the loyalty of his friend- 
ship, the unquestioning firmness of his convictions, and, more than all, 
manifested to those who knew him intimately, an unbounded wealth of 
affection, which was often shown in a certain native tenderness for the 
forlorn and friendless, and which lay concealed beneath a resolute exterior, 
brought strongly to mind the days of chivalry, and while greatly endearing 
him to his friends gave his character and individuality a picturesqueness 
that has indelibly impressed his memory on their hearts.' He died at the 
age of 33 years." 

58 Another brother is Rev. Prof. Andrew™ Oliver of the General 

Theological Seminary of New York. He 

"was graduated at Harvard College in 1842, and afterwards studied 
law with Hon. Rufus Choate and Hon. Richard H. Dana. He, however, 
after two years of practice, abandoned the profession, to become a student 
for Orders, and was ordained by Bishop Chase of New Hampshire in 1854, 
and again, in the following year, to the priesthood, by Bishop De Lancey 
of Western New York. In 1865, while Rector of Emmanuel Church 
in Bellows Falls, Vt, he was appointed Professor of Greek at St. Stephens 
College, Annandale, and in 1873 was elected Professor of Biblical Learn- 
ing and Interpretation of Scripture in the General Theological Seminary 


in New York. While at Bellows Falls he published a translation of the 
Syriac Psalter, which received high commendation in England, and his 
scholarship is generally recognized." 

Dr. Daniel (56) Oliver had, also, three daughters: 1. Mary Ellen} 
who died in childhood ; 2. Katharine Seivall} who married William 
Edward Coale, and died leaving one son, George Oliver George™- now a 
practising lawyer in Boston ; and 3. Isabella Louisa, 10 who still lives in 
Boston, unmarried. 

Rev. William Walter, who married Lydia (53) the younger sister of 
Mary (Lynde) Oliver, was Rector of Trinity Church in Boston, from 
1767 till 1776, when he resigned 

" and accompanied General Howe to Yarmouth in the Province of Nova Scotia. 
He was a zealous supporter of the Church and the Crown, and vindicated his 
sincerity by the sacrifices he made for them. He returned to Boston in 1791, became 
Rector of Christ Church, and remained in that relation till his death. His discourses 
are described as rational and judicious, ' recommended by an elocution graceful and 
majestical.' He was no knight-errant, but, while adhering to his own convictions 
with quiet persistency, he exercised a large charity toward all forms of faith and 
Christian worship."" 

Lines of descent from Rev. William and Lydia (Lynde) Walter are 

63 drawn out in our Lynde Pedigree. Mrs. Cornelia Wells 9 (William B.) 
Richards of Boston, the owner of the old Lynde Bible of 1595, and of a 

64 portrait of the elder Chief Justice, is their granddaughter ; and Edith 11 
daughter of Mr. Samuel H. Russell of Boston, now Lady Playfair, 
wife of the eminent British scientist Rt. Hon. Sir Lyon Playfair, is their 
great great granddaughter. 

The old Bible was bequeathed by the second Chief Justice Lynde in 
the following words : 

61 The Memorial History of Boston. 

Ed. by Tu 

Boston, 1882, 


"I give and bequeath to my dear Grandson, named after me Benjamin Lynde 
Oliver, my Queen Elizabeth Bible that was my Great Grandmother's, whose maiden 
name was Elizabeth Digby, which Bible is more than 200 years old." 

in which we notice an immaterial error as to the age of the volume. It 
passed from the Oliver to the Walter line of descent, by purchase, from 
the estate of Benjamin Lynde Oliver, in the year 1835. 

We now continue the enumeration of the children of Simon and 
Hannah (Newdigate) Lynde : 
65 8. Simon, 5 born November 3, 1668; who died August 13, 1669. 

9. Hannah? born May 19, 1670; who married: first, Mr. John Bigg 
of London ; secondly, Mr. Jonathan Mitchell of Cambridge, Mass., 
brother of Margaret who was the wife of Major Stephen Sewall of 
Salem, Mass.; and, thirdly, Col. Edmond Goffe (H. C. 1690) ; and died 
August 9, 1725, s. p. 

67 10. Sarah? born May 25, 1672; who married, June 5, 1688, 
Nathaniel Newdigate, her cousin f and died July 18, 1727. Her husband 
was a son of her mother's brother Nathaniel Newdigate, whose wife was 
Mary sister of Sir John Lewis. He came to New England, and lived in 
Newport, R. I.; a lawyer (see TSfCfojtffjjatC). They left one daughter. 

68 11. Enoch? born January 27, 1673-74; who died September 7, 1674. 

69 12. James? born November 24, 1675-76; who died January 29 of 
the same year. 

NATHANIEL (34), the fourth child of Simon and Hannah (Newdi- 
gate) Lynde, took his name from his mother's brother Mr. Nathaniel Newdi- 
gate. He was born November 22, 1659. After having served as an 
apprentice to his father in Boston, in mercantile business, he married : first, 

M From a letter of the elder Chief Justice Lynde to his "Sister Sarah" in Saybrook, we learn that 
she visited their brother Nathaniel there in the spring of 1690; and from his "Diary" that she sailed 
for England May 20th, 1691— The Diaries, ut supra, pp. 1-2, and note 2. 


in 1683, Susannah only daughter of Deputy Governor Francis Willoughby 
of Charlestown, Mass. (see £EUUOUtf',i)Ui?)» an ^ removed to Saybrook, 
Conn. Here he early became possessed of several hundred acres of land, 
with " Housing, Barn Buildings, Orchards, Fences, Woods, Underwoods, 
Flats," etc., which his father deeded to him on April 16, 1685, "for divers 
good and Lawfull Considerations . . . and in particular Manner for 
. . . Natural Love and Affection. . . ." This land had been sold 
to Simon Lynde, in 1674, by Benjamin Batten of Boston, and his wife 
Elizabeth, a daughter of Captain John Cullick by a sister of Col. Fenwick 
of Saybrook, from whom she had received it. It included what is now 
known as Lynde Point, the site of Fenwick Hall and the Light House. 
Lady Fenwick's monument, before the desecration of her grave by its 
removal, to make way for the Valley Railroad between Hartford and 
Saybrook Point, stood within the bounds of Nathaniel Lynde's estate. 
Nathaniel Lynde held many offices of trust, and, from 1689 to 1721, was 
generally, if not uniformly, Judge of the Quorum. In 1701, he was the 
first Treasurer of the infant College which afterwards took the name of 
Yale. In 1703, to use the words of President Clap in his 'Annals or 
History of Yale College," he "was pleased generously to give a House 
and Land for the use of the Collegiate School, so long as it should be 
continued at Saybrook." 53 He was an educated gentleman of high charac- 
ter and large public spirit, and devoutly religious. His first wife having 
died February 22, 1709-10, he remained a widower for as many as fifteen 
years, after which he married, secondly, Mrs. Sarah (Lee) Buckingham, 54 

63 The Annals or History of Yale College. ... By Thomas Clap. . . . New Haven, 1766, 
p. 12. 

The contemporary record of this gift by the Corporation is as follows : 

" 1703, Sept. 9. This day Nathaniel Lynde, of Saybrook, deeded to the Trustees of the Collegiate 
School a dwelling house and lot, in S., containing about two acres, fifty-eight rods, with upland and 
meadow adjoining the house lot, 'for and in consideration of the Promoting and Incouragement of 
Learning and good Litterature of the Collegiate School now erected in Saybrook, for the Liberall 
Education of youth that by God's blessing may be fitt for publick service.'" 

64 Daughter of Thomas Lee the first settler. 


whose first husband, David Buckingham, had died May 25, 1725 (see 
2Ue), He himself died October 5, 1729. 

An intimate affection existed between him and his brother Chief 
Justice Benjamin Lynde, the elder, in which the affection of the latter is 
shown to have included the children and grandchildren of his brother. 
In his Diary, September 1720, among notes of a journey to Saybrook, 
and a visit there, he mentions a visit to " cos. Betty" — his niece Elizabeth, 
daughter of his brother Nathaniel, who had recently married Richard 
Lord Esq., and was living on the Lord estate at Lyme; also a visit to the 
houses of his nephews (called "cousins") Samuel and Nathaniel, and 
mentions presents given to Samuel's children, Willoughby, Rebecca and 
Abigail, and to " Nat's two, Nathaniel and a girl." In September 1730, 
which was a year after his brother's death, the Chief Justice records that 
he rode from New London "to cousin Grissell's," where he lodged, gave 
his three children presents, and rode with him to Lyme. This " cousin " 
was Rev. George Griswold, husband of his niece Hannah, daughter of 
Nathaniel Lynde. He then went to Saybrook where he again made 
presents to his nephew Nathaniel's children. Mention is made in the 
Diary, of Sarah, sixth child of Nathaniel Lynde, who visited her uncle 
in September 1742. September 20th the Chief Justice records, " Set out 
from Salem with cousin Sarah Raymond, 55 wife of Justice Raymond of 
New London, with Jos. Stone my servant on this my Worcester and 
Springfield circuit. . . . We came to Col. Prescott's [who married 
Ann daughter of Nathaniel Lynde] . . . where we lodge well." 50 

The tender ties which bound him and his brother Benjamin together 
are touchingly expressed in the following record found among the manu- 
script-papers of the latter : 

" I visited him at his Mansion House, on his farm at Saybrook, Every year since 
I rode the Springfield Circuit till he dyed, and left him wel at Potapaug, Saybrook," 

66 Daughter of his brother Nathaniel. 

66 The Diaries, ut supra, pp. II, 19, 125. 

61 That part of Saybrook which aftenvards took the name of Essex. 


where he accompanied me ; and there we took Solemn leave and last farewell of 
Each other, w tb Affectionate Tears, for he dyed about a fortnight after, in the 70 th 
year of his Age compleat, lacking a Month and 12 d." 

His remains, and those of his first wife and his son Samuel, lie 
under three large tabular monuments of stone, at the west end of the 
Saybrook burying-ground, from which inserted slate-tablets with inscrip- 
tions have crumbled away. 

The following is a copy of his Will, from the original in his own clear 
and handsome handwriting : 

" In the Name of God, Amen ; I, Nathaniell Lynde of Say-Brook, in the County 
of New London, &c. The fifth Day of May in the year of our Lord 1722, being at 
present in good health, and of good and perfect memory, for which all his mercies I 
desire to acknowledge and praise Almighty God, who hath preserved and provided 
for me all my Life, which now by course of Nature cannot be Long before Dissolu- 
tion : Do therefore make and ordain, publish and Declare This my Last Will and 
Testament, in manner and forme following : Revoaking and by these presents make- 
ing Void all and every other or former Testament or Testaments, Will or Wills, 
here-to-fore made by me, either by Word or Writeing, and this to be taken for my 
last Will and Testament, and none Other — 

" first, I give and commit my Soul into the hands of Almighty God my Creator, 
trusting through the alone merrits of his dear Son and my ever blessed Saviour and 
Redeemer, the Lord Jesus Christ, for Life and Salvation ; although I have in no 
measure rendered unto the Lord according to mercies received, yet looking towards 
his holy Temple and reposeing in his mercies and merrits, who delights to forgive 
much, that great honour may come unto his great Name, I trust and cast my self 
upon him who will not quench the smoking fflax, nor break the bruised Reed ; and 
my Body to be decently buried according to the discretion of my Executo" hereafter 
named ; and as for my Temporall Estate I give, bestow and bequeath the same In 
manner and form following, after my Debts and funeral charges be satisfied. 

" Imp". Forasmuch as sufficient provision is allready made for the maintenance 
of my Loveing Wife By Articles of Agreement mutually Entred into before my 
Marriage with her : As a token of my Love I give and Bequeath unto her the best of 
those Ten Rings I Leave." 8 

68 As is stated in our monograph of %tt, the second wife and widow of Nathaniel Lynde had " a 
great portion," in her own right, from an unc!-e West, by whom she had been brought up. 


" It. I give and bequeath to my Eldest Son Samuell all that part of the ffarm I 
now dwell on which Lyeth to the West-ward of the Dich called [etc., description and 
provisos]. Provided also that he pay in Equall proportion unto his Three Sisters, 
viz 1 Hannah, Sarah and Ann, Eighty pound in Currant mony . . . within the 
space of One year after my Decease [etc., farther provisos]. 

" It. I give and Bequeath to my Son Nathaniell all that part of the farm . . . 

"It. I give to my Son Joseph all that part of the farm . . . Provided he 
pay in Equall proportion to his Three sisters, Hannah, Sarah and Ann, Twenty 
pounds, as aboues", within a year after my decease. 

"As for my five Daughters, viz' Elizabeth, Hanna, Susannah, Sarah and Ann, 
such of them which have not before my Decease Received none, Or but a lesser part, 
of my Estate, shall Receive out of the Best of my Estate (not afore disposed off) so 
much as, together with what I have Order'd their Brothers to Pay them, shall make 
them Equall with her that hath received the most, according to the account which 
may be found in my Pocket Book, and then the Remainder of my Estate, Reall and 
Personall, to be Equally Divided amongst my ffive Daughters aboue named, hopeing 
this my Will and ffatherly care towards them will be thankfully Accepted, which if 
any One or more of my Eight Children so far Dislike off as to make any Publick 
contention and prosedure in Law upon the same, in consideration of what I have 
hereby Ordered and Bequeathed, Such Child or Children so Opposeing (Which God 
forbid), his, her or theirs Legacies hereby given them shall be null and Void, and 
their proportion or Legacy goe and ffall to the Rest of my Children, Obedient and 
thankfull in what I have now Willed and appointed ; but trust the Lord will grant 
them his fear, to Obey him, and Love one another, that the God of Peace may Rest 
and Abide with them. And I Do hereby Make, Ordain and Appoint my said sons 
Samuell, Nathaniell and Joseph Lyndes my Executo™ of This my Last Will and 
Testament. ... In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal the 
Day and year above Written." 

"Nathaniell Lynde [Arms]." 
"Signed, Sealed ... in 

the presence of 

William Tulley, 
John Tulley, 
Daniel Taylor." 

As one of his father's heirs, and hy his own first marriage to 
Susannah Willoughby, an heiress, Judge Nathaniel Lynde became very 


wealthy, and left an unusually large quantity of silver-plate and other 
valuables, of which, with other property, we give the inventory in a note. 
Some of the articles still remain in his family. 59 

The children of Nathaniel (34) and Susannah (Willoughby) Lynde 

69 A copy of Judge Lynde's inventory, made April 3d, 1730, lies before us, on fifteen large, closely 
written, foolscap pages. We note a few, out of the many, articles of furniture, etc., showing the great 
value attached to some rich, imported articles in this early time, though most of the articles seem to 
have had prices set upon them of less than their apparent value. "The bedstead and furniture in the 
Hall Chamber ^55., One bed bolster and pillows wait 71 lb. £10. 13. Another do. £9. 17., 1 large 
Holland quilt ^15., 1 pr. Holland sheets ^15., one large Holland Counterpain ^5., One Cabinet .£15., 
One large chest ^5. [probably the one since known as the Willoughby chest], One iron bound Trunk 
[perhaps the one in which Simon Lynde left his silver], one red Velvet Trunk £10." Three negro men, 
called respectively " Cesar," " Juba" and " Nero," and a negro woman called " Rose." His home farm, 
with land in its vicinity, contained 481 acres, besides a .£1,000 " right in the Common," " a ,£500 right 
in the ox pasture" and other rights not appraised. He also owned 750 acres of land " within .he 
bounds of Middletown." 

Items of silver, etc. — " one Silver Tankard wt. 30% ounces 20 grains, ^30. 10s. rod. [mentioned 
in Judge Samuel Lynde's inventory] ; one Sugar box waight 17 ounces wanting 6d., 16. 18. g.; one Salt 
Seller waight 30 ounces wanting is., 29. 17.6.; one Sarver waight 30 ounces y£ 20 granes, 30. 10. 10.; 
one bason waight n ounces % 30 granes, n. 6. 3.; one cup waight 6 ounces %, 30 granes, 6. n. 3.; one 
Spice box waight 6% ounces, 6. 10. o.; one poringer waight 4 ounces % 30 granes, 4. 16. 3.; one Ditto 
waight 3 ounces yi Is - wait, 3. 12. 6.; one Tumbler waight I ounce %" gd. waight, I. 16. 8.; 4 Spoons 
waight 8 ounces is. 4d., 8. 3. 4.; 3 Ditto waight 5 ounces wanting 30 gr., 4. 18. 9.; one Ladle wt. 5 on. 
2s. 6d. wt., 5. 6. 3.; one Spoon wt. 1 on. <4 5s. wt., 1 12. 6.; 2 forks wt. Spoons 2s. id., o. 5. 3.; one ink 
case wt. 3 on. 6d., 3. 1. 3.; Small Salt seller 5s. wt. o. 12. 6.; Coined money 10 on. 2s. 6d. wt., 10. 6. 3.; 
more in English money 1 on. 3s. 5d. wt., 1. 8. 6.; Silvar Chimes 4j4 on. 1 wt., 4. 12. 6.; one flowered box 
I on. 6d. wt., 1. 1. 3.; 5s. 2d. wt. in Gold at 6d. per Grane, 7. 15. o.; one pair of Clasps 3s. 6d. wt., 
o. 8. g.: Silvar wayre 5s. wt. wanting 7 gr., o. 12. 6.; 2 Coconut Cups Silvar tops & bottom at 40s. each, 
4. 00. o.; one Turtle Shel'd box bound with Silvar 40s., 2. 00. 00.; Corrall Set in Gold, 7. 00. 00.; Silvar 
watch I2lb. Knife handle 4s., 12. 4. 00.; 2 Gold rings at 30s. 2 Ditto at 25s. one at 20s., 6. 10.00.; Perl 
necklace 40 lb. [It will be noticed that the signs £ and lb. are used indiscriminately for an English pound 
sterling.] Diamond Lockett 25 lb., 65. 00. 00.; Queen Elizabeth's Cup 5 lb. [In Willoughby Lynde's 
inventory there is a large cup with two handles, weight 30 oz. 7 penny wt.] Selwax Seal 2s., 5. 2. 00. 
Value of the silver, ,£201. 6s. 8d. [No doubt many other articles had been given to his children on their, 

One of the last items in this Inventory, Queen Elisabeth's Cup, forms an important link in a chain of 
evidence which we shall give in regard to the ancestry of Dep.-Gov. Francis Willoughby (see 8©illouaJ)I>s). 

Judge Lynde's whole inventory, made in 1730, amounted to ,£9,430, a great property for a country- 
gentleman, at this early period of Connecticut history- 


70 1. Samuel* (named for Mr. Lynde's elder brother in Boston), born 

October 29, 1689; graduated at the Collegiate School in Saybrook, after- 
wards Yale College, in 1 707 ; who married : first, Rebecca daughter of 
Major John Clarke 60 of Saybrook, by whom he had a son named 
Willotigkby, 1 from his mother's father, and two daughters, and who died 
January 20, 1716; secondly, Lucy daughter of Major Palmes of New 
London, and widow of Samuel Gray, 61 who died December 27, 1737, s. p.; 
and, thirdly, Mrs. Hannah Huntington of Norwich, Conn., s. p.® 

" Hon. Samuel Lynde . . . received his education principally 
under Rector Pierson at Killingworth. There he made those improve- 
ments which laid a foundation for his eminence and usefulness. From 
1 724 until 1 729 he was a Justice of the Quorum, and from the latter year until 
1752 Judge of the County Court for New London county. Thence till 
his death, in 1754, he was a Judge of the Superior Court. For twenty- 
four years, also, he held a seat in the Council. A manuscript from 
Saybrook declares him to have been 'a gentleman much respected for 
his talents and piety, a civil and religious father among the people.'" 63 He 
was also Colonel of a regiment. He died September 19, 1754, leaving an 
estate valued at over £ 11,000, including personal property, with many 
valuables, including a "Great Bible, £5." which we can probably trace 
into the Raymond family. 

Willoughby (71) Lynde was born, in Saybrook, March 1, 1710-11; 
was graduated at Yale in 1732 ; married, in 1735, Margaret Corey of Long 

60 Major John Clarke was a son of Mr. John Clarke, one of the patentees of Connecticut, and 
nephew of our ancestor George Clarke of Milford (see Clarftc or ffilaifc Wotes). 

He is frequently mentioned in the Diary of Chief Justice Lynde in connection with his visits to 
Saybrook. Major Clarke also visited him in Salem, and had a friendly charge of property which the 
Chief Justice owned in Saybrook. 

61 Her mother was Lucy daughter of Gov. Winthrop of Connecticut. See Hist, of New London. 
... By Frances Manwaring Caulkins. . . . New London, 1852, p. 360. 

'• Biogr. Sketches of Graduates of Yale College. ... By Franklin Bowditch Dexter. . . . 
New York, 1885, pp. 66-67. 

63 By Rev. Dr. David Dudley Field, in A Statistic. Account of the County of Middlesex . . . 
Middlctown . . . 1819, pp. 104-05. 


Island; and died April 10, 1753. He inherited wealth from his father, 
and left to his only child an estate of ,£5,600/' including silver-plate and 
other valuables to a large amount. His only child was : 

7 2 Samuel* born October 14, 1736, was graduated at Yale in 1754; 
married, in July 1758, Phoebe daughter of John Waterhouse of Saybrook ; 
and died November 2, 1792. His father having died when he was only 
seventeen years of age leaving him "heir to a large estate" as the old 
record says, he chose no profession, had no business habits, and soon spent 
his fortune. He died leaving his large family of young children to struggle 
with poverty. He lived on Lynde Point in Saybrook, where had been the 
home of this branch of the family for three generations. One of his sons, 
born in 1784, said that, "when he was a child, his father lived in style, but 
lost all his property, left Saybrook, and retired to a small house in Chester." 
He had nine children, of whom five were sons, as follows : 

73 , 1. Willonghby* born in 1759; who died in infancy. 

74 2. Willoughby* 2d, born in July 1 761 ; who married Mary Blague 
of Saybrook. He "followed the sea from his youth, was Captain for 
many years, and at length died on his passage home with the fever" in 
181 7, leaving seven children. " Some of these children," says a nephew of 
his, Hon. Ebenezer B. (m) Lynde of West Brookfield, Mass., presently 
to be spoken of, "settled in New Haven. My father often told me that 
this Willoughby's family had in their possession the old parchment con- 
taining the family-record and family-arms. Nathaniel son of Simon took 
with him from Boston to Saybrook this ancient record, and most of the 
family relics, and I have been told by my father that there were many." 

75 3. Samuel* born in 1763; who died in 1830. He was a merchant in 
Saybrook for years, and a Deacon in the church there. 

76 4. Abigail* born in 1765 ; who died in 1845. 

77 5. Benjamin* born in 1767; who married Diadamia Parmelee of 
North Killingworth, Conn., in 1794; and had his home in Chester, Conn., 

Dexter's Biogr. Sketches, ut supra, pp. 459-60. 


but followed the sea as a Captain of merchantmen; and died in 1833. He 
had twelve children, of whom two died in infancy. The others were : 

78 (1.) Fanny, 10 born in 1795; who married Benjamin Bradley of 
Guilford, Conn. 

79 (2.) Benjamin 10 born in 1796; of Chester; who married, in 1827, 

80 Lucinda Griswold; and had, with other children, Samuel A., 11 born in 
1835, who now represents the family in Chester. 

81 (3.) Samuel 10 born in 1799; who married Roxian J. Shipman. 

82 (4.) Alanson, 10 born in 1801 ; who married Charlotte Pratt. 

83 (5.) Diadamia 10 born in 1803; who married, in 1821, Ansel Lewis 
of Haddam, Conn. 

84 (6.) Rebecca 10 born in 1808; who married Henry Hull. She is now 
(1889) a widow, residing in Killingworth, and the only survivor of her 

85 j father's children. Her daughter Anna Maria 11 (Mrs. George S.) Hefflon, 

86 who has given us family-information, has a son George Henry 12 now a 
Senior in Yale College, and another son preparing to enter that 

87 (7.) Sarah 10 born in 181 1 ; who died young. 
(8.) Willoughby 10 born in 1814; who married, in 1838, Matilda 

Jones; and died in 1873. 
90 (9.) and (10.) Lucy Philctta 10 and Phoebe Rosita 10 (twins), born in 

18 1 6 ; of whom the former married Rev. Eliab H. Parmelee ; and the latter 
married Orrin Parmelee. 

The sixth child of Samuel (72) and Phoebe (Waterhouse) Lynde was: 
6. Phoebe born in 1770; who married, in 1804, Daniel Douglass Jr. 
of Saybrook, " Parish of Chester;" and died in 1833. 

92 7. Margaret born in 1 776. 

93 8. Rebecca born in 1779; who married Capt. Jedediah Clark of 
"Parish of Chester;" and died in 1854. 

94 9. Nathaniel born May 18, 1784; who married: first, July 1, 1806, 
Sally daughter of Caleb Hitchcock of Brookfield, Mass., who died July 5, 


182 1 ; and, secondly, Eunice Phelps daughter of Capt. Ebenezer Bissell of 
Windsor, Conn. " In 1805 he removed to that part of Brookfield which is 
now West Brookfield. . . ." The children of Nathaniel and Sally 
(Hitchcock) Lynde, all born in West Brookfield, were: 

95 "( J -) Caleb Hitchcock™ born in 1808; who died in childhood. 

96 "( 2 -) Mary Pemberton™ born in 1809; who married, in 1830, 
Elijah S. Alvord, by whom she had five children ; and died in Indianapolis, 
Ind., where she had lived many years. She was regarded as a woman of 
great personal beauty. 

97 "(3-) Samuel Willoughby,™ born in 181 1 ; who went in early life to 
Richmond, Ind.; engaged in mercantile business; married Sarah Dugdale ; 
and died December 12, 1889, leaving two daughters. 

98 "(4-) William Water house™ born in 181 2; who settled in Rich- 
mond, Ind., in 1832; engaged in mercantile business until 1855; when he 
was elected Treasurer of Wayne County, Ind., which place he filled for two 
terms of four years each. He was elected Clerk of the City of Richmond 
for sixteen successive years. The last of his life he resided in Cincinnati, 
O., where he was Government-Storekeeper, which office he held at the 
time of his death, June 25, 1876. He was a prominent Mason, and was 
buried by that Order at Richmond. In 1836 he married Mary Barnett, 
and two of their four children grew to maturity, one son and one daughter. 

99 The son, William Henry 11 Lynde, was Clerk in a Bank in Cincinnati until 
elected Clerk of the Courts of Wayne County, Ind. I think his wife was 
daughter of Ex-Governor Noble. The daughter, Maria Louisa, 11 married 
Mr. Schlater, who was Clerk of the Indiana State Senate in 1882, and was 
in the Revenue Department of the Government until his death in 1887. 
Mr. Schlater was Gov. Morton's Military Secretary during the War, 
except one year when he was in the field as Assistant Adjutant General 
on the Staff of Gov. Wood. Henry S. 12 son of William Henry Lynde, 
born in i860, is Private Secretary of the Hoosier Drill Works in Indiana. 

102 "(5-) Sarah Hitchcock™ born in 1813 ; who died in the same year. 

103 "(6.) Henry™ born in 1815 ; who went to Griggsville, 111., where he 
now resides. He married, in 1838, Ann C. Shaw, who died in 1880. Of 
this marriage there were ten children, six of whom are living, five daughters 

104 and one son ; the son, Burton C 11 Lynde, born in 1848, married, in 1871, 


Ella Fiester, and resides in Jackson County, Kansas ; he has one son, 

105 George Armour 1 ' 2 ' Lynde, now (1889) about twelve years old. A brother 

106 of Burton C. Lynde, named Nathaniel, 11 born in 1842, died of wounds 
received in the battle of Chickahominy in 1864. 

"(7.) Elizabeth Allen, 10 born in 181 7; who married, in 1838, 
Charles Woodward, son of Dr. Samuel Woodward, for many years Super- 
intendent of the State Asylum for the Insane at Worcester, Mass.; she 
lived in Cincinnati, a widow, with most of her eight children, and died 
May 30 th , 1890. 

108 "(£>•) Nathaniel, 10 born in 1820; who died young. 

109 "(9-) Sally Hitchcock, 10 born in 182 1 ; who married, in 1842, 
no James VanUxum ; and died in Indiana in 185 1, leaving one son, Lynde 11 

VanUxum, who resides in Chicago, 111." 

By his second marriage Nathaniel (94) Lynde had : 
in "( IO -) Ebenezer Bissell, 10 born in 1823 (see below). 

1 12 "(1 1.) Eunice Phelps 10 born in 183 1 ; who married James N. Durkee 

of Pittsfield, Mass. 
[3 "( I2 -) Ellen Augusta 10 born in 1834; who married Horace White 

of Boston, Mass. 

"(13.) Albert 10 born in 1840; who was lost in the Arctic Sea." 

Hon. 63 Ebenezer Bissell (in) Lynde, to whom we are indebted for the 
preceding record of his father's family, writes thus in continuation : 

"I was born in West Brookfield August 31, 1823; married Minerva 
Jane daughter of Joseph L. White of North Adams, Mass.; and we have 
had the following children: 1. Augusta, 11 born July 28, 185 1 ; who died 

116 February 5, 1852. 2. Annie Dewey , n born January 12, 1854; who died 

117 October 21, 1854. 3. Herbert Bissell 11 born January 15, 1857; now 

118 living in West Brookfield, unmarried. 4. Nathaniel White 11 born 
January 4, 1859; educated at Sheffield Scientific School of Yale and the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York, who by competitory 
examination obtained the first place on the Staff of Physicians at Charity 
Hospital in New York. He is physician at the Inebriate Asylum at 

Mr. Ebenezer Bissell Lvnde has been twice elected Senator of Massachusetts. 


Fort Hamilton, N. Y. He is now (summer of 1889) in Europe. 

119 5. Charles Albert,' 11 born May 21, 1862; who died February 22, 1863. 

120 6. Mary Finney} 1 born November 4, 1868; who is now (1889) in the 
last year of the course at Wheaton Seminary in Norton, Mass. . . . 

"The family in Chester have a genealogy reaching back to Enoch 
Lynde ; and it is from this that I copied several years ago. The crayon 
portraits [two colored crayon-portraits in his possession, which we describe 
farther on] my father said are likenesses of two lady-members of the family 
which Simon brought from England. They are represented with powdered 
hair, and wearing turbans. They are beautiful pictures. But there can 
be no doubt that the family brought them from England." 



The second child of Nathaniel (34) and Susannah (Willoughby) 
Lynde was : 

2. Nathaniel,' 11 born October 21, 1692; who married Sarah daughter 
of Nathaniel Pratt of Saybrook, Conn., had two sons and four daughters; 
and died in 1 749-50. 

3. ELIZABETH, 6 named for Judge Lynde's grandmother Elizabeth 
Digby, born December 2, 1694; who married, in 1720, Judge Richard 
Lord; and died June 22, 1778 (see ILot5f)» 

4. Willoughby, 6 born January 8, 1696-97; who died April 23, 1704. 

5. Hannah, 6 named for Judge Lynde's mother Hannah Newdigate, 
born September 10, 1698; who married, June 22, 1725, Rev. George 
Griswold of Lyme, Conn, (see (KtlStoOltO ; and died before 1 736. 

6. Susannah, 6 born April 14, 1700; who married: first, Rev. Joseph 
Willard "of Lunenburg Hill, by Indians," by whom she had two sons; 
and, secondly, Mr. Andrew Gardner, by whom she had one son and three 
daughters; and died in 1748, "at Winchester." 

7. Sarah, 6 named for her father's sister, born February 2, 1 702 ; who 
married, November 23, 1730, as his second wife, Joshua Raymond Esq. 
of New London, 66 Conn.; and died October 19, 1771, s. p. This 

66 Called " New London North Parish," and which became afterwards the town of Montville. 


Mr. Raymond is spoken of in the family-pedigree as "a great Farmer" 
with a "great Estate." 

John, born 1725, his son by his first wife Elizabeth Christophers, 
daughter of a wealthy merchant in New London, married, in 1 747, 
Elizabeth 7 daughter of Rev. George and Hannah (Lynde) Grisvvold. He 
owned and occupied the old Raymond homestead. He was a military 
man, at one time was Lieutenant under Col. Whiting in the French War. 



He was stationed at Fort Edward in November 1756. She died 
January 16, 1779. He died May 7, 1789." 

Through these Raymond marriages with a daughter and grand- 
daughter of Judge Nathaniel Lynde many valuable Lynde and Willoughby 
relics were brought into the Raymond family, especially by Mrs. Sarah 
(Lynde) Raymond, who had remained after the marriage of her sisters in 
her home, where, naturally, many of the family-treasures had been retained. 
John and Elizabeth (Griswold) Raymond had George, 8 who married Martha 
Smith ; their son George 9 and his wife Elizabeth B. Rogers -were the 
parents of our friend the late Mr. Theodore 10 Raymond of Norwich, Conn., 
a much interested contributor to our work. He died May 15, 1885. We 
copy from a Norwich paper the following notice of him : 

" Theodore Raymond, the senior member of the firm of J. M. Huntington & Co., 
of this city, importers and commission shippers of West India goods, and one of the 
ablest and oldest business men of the place, died at his residence on Broad street, at 
noon Friday, at the age of sixty-three. . . . 

" Mr. Raymond was a native of Montville. He came to this city in his youth 
and entered the employ of Leavens & Huntington as a clerk. ... In 1844 . . . 
the business was reorganized under the firm title of J. M. Huntington & Co., 
Theodore Raymond and James M. Meech becoming partners. ... In 1883 
Mr. Raymond's eldest son, George C. r " ] Raymond, was made the junior member of 
the firm. 

"In a business life of nearly half a century Mr. Raymond by devotion to 
business not only amassed a competence for himself, but became a recognized 

61 From a letter of his descendant Mr. Henry A. Baker of Montville. 



authority on business matters of importance, and was often selected as arbitrator 
and referee to settle business differences between parties in this section of the State. 
This house has done a larger importing business than any firm in the State east of 
New Haven, and in his decease business circles hereabouts suffer a severe loss. 

" In principles he was a democrat, and adhered as faithfully to his party as he 
did to his business. He was in no sense a politician, but as a compliment to his 
business ability he was often preferred for office by his party, and received nomina- 
tions as representative to the General Assembly, as mayor and alderman in the city, 
and in fact for nearly all the offices of honor and trust in the gift of his party in the 
city and town. 

" He was a man of pleasing address, an entertaining conversationalist, and 
generous in his dealings with his friends or the unfortunate. 

" He leaves a wife and five children to mourn his loss." 



8. Joseph? born March 23, 1704; who married, May 8, 1729, Ann 
eldest daughter of Mr. Benjamin Lord of Say brook, a descendant of our 
ancestor William Lord of Saybrook (see 2L0tTfr)» 

They had three daughters, and a son named William.' 1 William (49) 
Lynde Esq. of Salem, Mass., son of the elder Chief Justice, made this son 
of his cousin Joseph his largest legatee, except his brother Benjamin. 
He bequeathed to him " Four thousand pounds Old Tenor, to be paid in 
money or Bonds to his Guardian, when he arrives at fourteen years of age, 
to be improved for his maintenance and education here at Salem." He 
also bequeathed to him his silver-hiked sword, his silver watch and his 
silver porringer ; and half of the farm and land he owned in Saybrook, 
with a reversion to " Willoughby Lynde y e son of my cousin y e Hon. Sam 1 
Lynde Esq.," in case William left no male heir. Besides these devises, he 
bequeathed to the young William and his heir male "four thousand 
pounds O. Tenor, to be sett off to him by my executors in such real estate 
as they shall judge proper."® It seems probable that Mr. William Lynde 
had adopted his young namesake, expecting to bring him up in Salem, 
which purpose was defeated by his own early death in 1752, after which 

The Diaries, ut supra, p. 225. 


the boy returned to Saybrook to be educated in Yale College, and spend 
his life in his native place. He was graduated in 1760 ; married Rebecca 

134 Hart; and had four sons, of whom William* the eldest, born 1797, married, 

135 in 1820, Sarah Kirtlartd, and had several children, of whom Susan 9 the 
eldest married Mr. Richard E. Pratt. They were the parents of our friend 

136 and valued assistant Mrs. Susan Stewart 10 (Pratt) Chalker of Saybrook, 

137 owner of an ancient copy of the Lynde pedigree. John Hart* the youngest 
son of William and Rebecca (Hart) Lynde, was a lawyer in New Haven. 
He married Elizabeth D. Nicoll ; and died at the age of thirty-nine. He 
is remembered by Judge McCurdy as a man of great beauty of face and form. 

138 His granddaughter Mrs. Elizabeth Lynde 10 (Reynolds) Porter writes: 
" My grandfather John' Hart Lynde was celebrated for his physical beauty. 
He had, also, fine mental qualities, and a most generous and amiable dis- 

*39 position." He had six children, of whom his son John Hart* married 

14° Harriette Havens. Their son Edzuard Hart 10 Lynde of New York married 

Josephine Louise Torrey ; he died before middle life, leaving one daughter 
who died at the age of twenty. Jane Dealt? a daughter of the elder 
John Hart Lynde, married William Augustus Reynolds of New Haven. 
Another daughter, Charlotte iV., 9 married James Harrison, son of Philemon 
and Sarah (Wolcott) Harrison (see our Wolcott pedigree) ; and, by this 

143 marriage, was the mother of Hon. Hart Lynde™ Harrison, our friend, and a 
relative by many lines, a leading lawyer of New Haven, and prominent 
through the State of Connecticut. He married : first, Sarah F. Plant; and, 

144 secondly, Harriett S. White. He has by his first marriage William Lynde 11 
[45-47 Paul Wolcott 11 and Gertrude Plant. 11 Jcancttc S. 10 sister of Hon. H. L. 

Harrison, married Henry A. Loop, and is a well known and success- 
[48 ful artist. Elizabeth A., 9 third daughter of John Hart Lynde the elder, 

married : first, Henry Huggins ; and, secondly, Pierrepont B. Foster. 
Mr. Joseph (132) Lynde died July 4th, 1779. 
149 9. Ann, 6 born December 29, 1706; who married Col. John Prescott 

(H. C. 1727); had two daughters and a son ; and died after 1752. Her 

husband "became eminent as a physician in the town of Concord, Mass. 


He raised one hundred men whom he commanded in the unfortunate 
expedition to Cuba in 1740, and was in 1743 sent to England by the 
Government, where he died the same year. . . . After his death his 
widow received a pension from the British government. He was a second 
cousin of Col. William Prescott who commanded at Bunker Hill." 69 

Of Judge Nathaniel and Susannah (Willoughby) Lynde's nine children, 
five certainly, and probably others, were married in his lifetime, and no 
doubt each one had the "setting out" from the family-home which was 
customary at that period. Whatever articles they took with them on 
their marriage, therefore, were not mentioned in their father's inventory. 
At the time that was taken there were eight children living to share his 
estate. But with the exception of those of Joseph Lynde, the youngest 
son, who gave his wife Ann Lord, by Will, a silver tankard, we have 
no trace of any of the family heirlooms except those which came in the 
line of Judge Samuel (70), Willoughby (71) and Samuel (72), the latter 
the only child of his father, to his descendants, since of Chester, Conn., 
and West Brookfield, Mass.; and those which were taken into the 
Raymond family of Montville by Sarah fourth daughter of Nathaniel 
Lynde ; and by Elizabeth Griswold his granddaughter, whose mother 
Hannah Lynde (second daughter) married Rev. George Griswold. Much 
rich silver that was in the old McCurdy house at Lyme was melted, about 
1823, to make a very large and heavy tea-set for the young only daughter 
of Mr. Richard McCurdy, whose mother, wife of Mr. John McCurdy, 
was Anne daughter of Judge Richard Lord and Elizabeth eldest daughter 
of Nathaniel Lynde. Probably many of these old silver pieces came from 
the Lyndes, but no description of or tradition concerning them has come 
down to us. 

The writer has a silver porringer and a pepper box, the last recently 
obtained from the Hart branch, both marked "A. L.," for Anne Lord, which 

" Id., p. 119. 



belonged to her great grandmother McCurdy, who was born in December, 
1729, about two months after Anne Lord's grandfather Nathaniel Lynde 
had died. This porringer was no doubt used for her as a baby cup. Did 
not her mother bring it from the home of her father Nathaniel Lynde ? 

There still exist articles of silver and other valuables, mentioned in 
our Lord monograph, which have come down from Elizabeth 7 (Lord) 
Eliot, youngest daughter of Judge Richard and Elizabeth (122) (Lynde) 
Lord, but no tradition connects them with the Lyndes, though they 
probably were inherited from that family. 

We have received some extracts from the inventory of Judge Samuel 
(70) Lynde, mentioning A Great Bible ^5; small ditto with silver 
corners £4 ; many pieces of silver and jewels, among which are a watch 
^40; seal ring £iy; 1 pair gold buttons ^12; "one gold and spangle neck 
lace;" 1 pr. of stone jewels set in gold ; "jet jewels," etc.; 1 silver tankard, 
weight 31^/2 oz., ^3 ; a smaller one ; 3 porringers, 8^ oz. each ; 12 spoons, 
18 oz.; 13 teaspoons and tongs; 1 pair shoe buckles £4.; knee buckles 
£3; 1 buckle ^"3 ; belt with silver clasp £5; 12 spoons, 18 oz.; pepper 
box ; grater and case ; silver cup ; ink case, etc. 

In the inventory of Willoughby (71) Lynde, one of Judge Samuel 
Lynde's children, we note some articles of interest — " 1 large cup with two 
handles [loving cup], 30 oz. 7 penny wt," 1 small two handled cup, 2 oz. 
2 penny wt., one plain cup with one handle, 1 tankard, 25 oz., old spoons 
marked "A. L," for Anne (Newdigate) Lynde, 1 snuff box, 41 flowered 
plate buttons, 3 old silver buckles, 1 pr. knee buckles, 1 diamond ring, 1 
emerald ring, 1 locket, 3 other rings, 1 pr. old jewels, 1 pr. neck clasps. 



Of Lynde relics Mrs. Mary 10 (Blague) Berger of the Saybrook branch 
remembers that her grandfather William (134) Lynde had a handsome silver 
porringer; and she has "a silver snuff-box, heart-shaped, which belonged to 
her great grandmother Rebecca (Hart) Lynde." Mrs. S. S. (136) Chalker 
of Saybrook, another granddaughter of William, writes that the above 
mentioned porringer went to her grandfather's daughter Emeline, 9 who 
married William W. Kirtland. 


Most of the heirlooms brought into the Raymond family of Montville 
by Sarah (126) daughter of Nathaniel Lynde, when she married Joshua 
Raymond, and by Elizabeth (127) daughter of Rev. George Grisvvold and 
Hannah his wife, second daughter of Nathaniel Lynde, when she married 
John Raymond son of Joshua, are marked with the initials of Dep.-Gov. 
Francis and Margaret Willoughby, or are associated with them in the 
traditions of the family. We note these briefly here, intending to describe 
them more fully in our Willoughby monograph. 

153 Miss Mercy 9 Raymond, granddaughter of John and Elizabeth 
(Griswold) Raymond, wrote in 1873, m ner eightieth year : 

"My great grandfather's second wife was Sarah Lynde. She had no children. 
She brought many nice things with her, but they are scattered in every direction. 
The chest that Theodore [130] Raymond has is the one that she brought with her. 
... I have often heard my mother tell how she stood by that chest, when she was 
a child, and saw her take out her nice things." 

Miss Raymond mentions several articles of which we shall speak later. 

Mrs. Eli C. Wyllys of Windham, Conn., with whom Miss Mercy Ray- 
mond spent her last years, writes that Miss Raymond gave Mr. Theodore 
Raymond an old-fashioned China punch bowl, and that she had heard 
Miss Raymond speak of the old silver tankards they used in her grand- 
mother's day. 

Mr. Theodore Raymond had a very handsome silver tankard which 
descended to him from his great great great grandfather Nathaniel Lynde, 
with the Lynde arms and crest elegantly engraved upon it. This is now 

154 owned by his daughter Miss Alice Lynde 11 Raymond, and the writer has a 
facsimile of it made by the Gorham Manufacturing Company. We shall 
describe later the large carved chest now owned by Mr. George Clark (131) 
Raymond, which carries with it Willoughby traditions, though it may have 
come from the early Lyndes. 

155 Mrs. Lucy J. 11 (Raymond) Bulkley has a silver can marked 
'F. & M. W." 


"A very large old Lynde, or Willoughby, Bible bound in vellum, with 
three silver clasps," which was carried away, by an insane woman, and 

56 worn out, has been described to us by Mrs. Mary Anna 9 Chappell. 

57 Raymond 10 Dolbeare of Tariffville, Conn., has a tortoise shell snuff- 
box mentioned in Nathaniel Lynde's Will. There was also a Lynde silver 
tankard in the Dolbeare family. 

158 Miss Elizabeth Griswold 10 Ransom of Jersey City has inherited from 

her Lynde-Raymond ancestors a curious ancient ring of diamonds, tur- 
quoises and pearls, which will be described hereafter. 

We have seen that Samuel (72), only child of Willoughby son of 
Judge Samuel son of Judge Nathaniel Lynde, spent his property in early 
life. Hon. E. B. (1 1 1) Lynde tells us that Samuel (75) son of Samuel was 
a prosperous merchant in Saybrook, and supported his father, mother and 
two maiden sisters Abagail (76) and Margaret (92). Before this time 
most of the family-treasures had disappeared, but a few of the most 
precious ones had been retained by these ladies. Miss Margaret, the sur- 
vivor of them, lived for three years in West Brookfield, and then returned 
to Connecticut about forty years ago. Mr. Lynde writes : 

" She showed my sister Eunice relics which she said had come down through 
the Lynde family from remote ancestors. Among them were solid silver [-handled] 
knives and forks, a string of gold beads, and a gold lined salt cellar. There was a 
very valuable locket among the relics in possession of aunts Abagail and Margaret. 
It was in my father's possession for a time, but, as it belonged to his sisters, he 
returned it to them, more than fifty years ago. My father said this was a family- 

Personal articles, belonging to Miss Margaret, are supposed to have 
fallen into the hands of a woman who attended upon her in her last years. 
The family lost possession of them. 

Mrs. Rebecca (84) Hull of Killingworth, an aged lady, remembers 
that the aunts inherited two gowns of heavy brocade silk, one of cream 
color, the other green. They were not considered suitable to wear, being 


very stiff and heavy. Like Hon. E. B. Lynde, and others of the same 
descent, Mrs. Hull had heard from her mother of the many rich articles of 
plate, etc., which had belonged to her grandfather Samuel Lynde before 
he spent his property. 

We may believe that the " very valuable locket " spoken of by 
Mr. E. B. Lynde was the "Diamond Lockett" mentioned with the " Perl 
necklace " to which it was attached, in the inventory of Nathaniel Lynde 
(see p. 401) ; and that it had belonged to his wife Margaret (Locke) Taylor, 
the wealthy widow whom he married, as any articles of female adornment 
coming from his mother would have been claimed by his elder brother, under 
English law, or by one of his sisters, according to ordinary American usage. 

The most noteworthy relics of the Lynde family, known to be still 
preserved, are two pastel-portraits in the possession of Hon. E. B. 
Lynde of West Brookfield, Mass., great great great grandson of Judge 
Nathaniel Lynde. They have come down to him with the distinct 
tradition that they were brought to this country by Mr. Simon Lynde, and 
that they are family portraits. 70 They are evidently by the same artist, and 
were undoubtedly taken of the same lady at different ages. Mr. Lynde 
writes : 

" One is a person about eighteen, the other about thirty. An artist who saw 
them pronounced them to be French work." I had them re-framed about twenty- 
five years ago. The old frames seemed to be of clay, gilded, and were tarnished and 
broken. If there was ever any mark or name, it is lost. There is some evidence 
that they were re-framed before. . . . 

" My father told" me they were in his mother's parlor when he was a child, and 
he often heard his mother say that they were pictures which the Lynde family 
brought with them from England. He said there were other ancient pictures in his 
father's home, when he was a child, but he did not know where they were." 

,0 Mrs. Rebecca Hull remembers one of the old family portraits owned by Mr. E. B. Lynde, ; 
"hanging in her grandmother's room when she was a child." She says "it was very old," and is "certai 
it was none of her American; 

Artists who have seen the photograph-copies give us the same opini> 


In an earlier letter Mr. Lynde wrote that he had always heard that the 
portraits were brought over from England by Simon Lynde. He writes : 

" My grandfather Samuel Lynde was born in 1736, and my father often said, in 
speaking of them, that his father and mother often told him, when a boy, they were 
portraits of remote ancestors of the Lynde family, which were brought with the 
family from England. . . . Artists who have seen them say they are very ancient. 
An artist told my sister that that work was among the lost arts." 

Mr. Lynde kindly sent us photographs from the portraits. We extract 
portions of two letters from Mrs. E. B. Lynde describing the portraits : 

"The pictures are nearly life-size. In the one [the photograph] which I have 
marked No. 1 [the older one], the hair about the face is powdered very white. The 
dress is buff, with the narrow frill of lace about the neck, and narrow black ribbon 
around the throat, knotted in front, the hair dressed with a turban of alternate bands 
of blue and white, the lower one meeting under the puff of hair, the other under 
the pale pink rose above the puff of hair. [This puff is a high cushion over which 
the front hair is drawn. This high cushion appears in both pictures.] Over the 
left shoulder there is a light blue band around the heavy curls of hair. In the 
younger portrait the dress is pale blue, with the frill and narrow black ribbon, hair 
powdered, and turban of the same colors, but smaller. The flesh tints are exquisite 
in both portraits, eyes dark, cheeks and lips slightly flushed. No description can 
give you a very clear idea of their exquisite and delicate beauty. The photographs 
do not do justice to the portraits." 

We give our own impressions from a study of these photographs. One 
portrait represents a very young girl with an oval face, the most exquisitely 
toned complexion, large, soft, dark eyes, curved eyebrows, regular features, 
and a very arch and sweet expression. The other is the same face a few 
years older, more mature and graver. In each portrait the gown is cut 
low, showing a plump and round young bust modestly covered, and with a 
frill of white lace above the edge of the gown. A narrow black ribbon, 
tied around the neck, hangs down as if a locket or miniature hidden in the 
front of the waist were suspended from it. The hair in each is raised 
over a very high cushion, with a prominence above the forehead, and is 


surmounted by a curious headdress or turban, like a great shell. Such 
turbans, only larger, were worn as early as the last days of the House of 
York, and " termed the heart-shaped headdress " which, " when viewed in 
front . . . resembles that of a heart, and sometimes of a crescent." n The 
turban on the younger portrait is heart-shaped, that on the older one has a 
crescent form. They are of gauze and lace, on a frame, with a rose in 
front. There are large puffs of hair, on each side of the head, drawn from 
the back toward the front, with large soft curls falling in the neck. The 
writer owns a very fine oil portrait of Madame de Sevigne" (1626-1696) by 
Guillaume Spinney, painted probably about 1660, in which the whole 
costume is less ancient but similar to that of the portraits we describe, 
except that Madame de Sevigne s cushioned hair and curls are surmounted 
by feathers instead of a turban. The pastel-portraits have descended 
through several generations of educated gentlemen in the Lynde family, 
accompanied by the tradition that they were brought over by Mr. Simon 
Lynde (of Boston in 1650), and that they are family portraits. Simon 
Lynde had no sister. He married in this country. His mother Elizabeth 
Digby was an only child. She was educated in Holland, and was married 
in London in 1614 to Mr. Enoch Lynde. These portraits, if of her, 
might therefore have been executed in Holland or in England. That 
these were portraits of the same person gives ground for the belief that 
they represent a near relative of Simon Lynde. Whose portraits would 
he be so likely to bring from England with such care, to be handed down 
as heirlooms in his family, as those of his mother ? On examination of 
several works which depict the costumes of ladies for many centuries, 
and with the picture of Madame de Sevigne' before us, we are led to 
believe that the costumes of these portraits were of the time of 
Mrs. Elizabeth Digby Lynde. 

Costume in England 
. By F. W. Fairholt. 

From the Earliest Period till the close of the Eighteenth Century. 
London, 1846, p. 533. 


"The art of colored crayons can be traced back as far as the Egyptians. 
There are at the Louvre fine portraits of the time of Henri II. and Charles IX. 
which differ but little from modern pastels."" 

The symmetry of the figure, the fine oval outlines of the face, the 
high and broad, but not too large forehead, the delicately cut features, the 
transparent purity and beautiful coloring of the complexion, the rich curling 
brown hair, and the brilliant, yet soft, dark eyes may be taken as represent- 
ing the type which has been known for several modern generations as the 
" Lynde beauty." This Lynde beauty was really " Digby beauty." 

In our McCurdy monograph we have spoken of the " beauty and 
dignity of person which characterized the Digbys of the seventeenth cen- 
tury," as noted in one of the old books of heraldry. Special mention is 
made of this in the descriptions of Sir Everard and Sir Kenelm Digby, 
and of John Digby, first Earl of Bristol, and his son George Digby, 
second Earl, and is seen in their portraits, still preserved in England. It 
is a singular fact that there is so strong a resemblance between the youth- 
ful face of the first Earl of Bristol, in a photograph we have from a nearly 
full-length portrait of him, and the portrait of the first Chief Justice 
Benjamin Lynde when he was seventy-four years of age, that all who see 
them agree that the two portraits might have been taken of the same man, 
at different ages. " The Lynde complexion " has been proverbial among the 
Lynde descendants in Boston ; but the full characteristics of the race seem 
to have been more marked in the Nathaniel Lynde branch. We have 
elsewhere spoken of what used to be known as " McCurdy beauty " in 
McCurdy, Hart, and Stewart descendants of John McCurdy and his wife 
Anne Lord, whose mother Elizabeth was a daughter of Nathaniel Lynde ; 
among whom "the beautiful Miss Harts" had a world-wide fame. The 
brothers Nathaniel Lynde and George Griswold were tall men of very 
noble and commanding presence, and there were examples of the Lynde 
beauty among their children. Judge McCurdy remembers Mr. William 

" Larousse's Grand Dictionnaire, xii., p. 376. 



Lynde of Saybrook, a very tall, fine-looking man, with very handsome sons 
and daughters. In this description may be included some of the Raymonds 
and the' branch to which Hon. E. B. Lynde belongs. He describes, 
especially, his father and his sister Mary as being remarkably handsome. 
Unusual good looks have followed the lines of this blood in many families, 
under many names, through all the American generations, and have often 
been retained to old age. 

We therefore accept these crayons as portraits of Mrs. Elizabeth 
Digby Lynde, " the beautiful mother of a beautiful race." 

In regard to the Boston branch of Lyndes, Dr. F. E. Oliver writes : 

" It is a somewhat remarkable fact that nearly all of the descendants of Simon 
Lynde have been more or less prominent in their day and generation, and often 
marked by a peculiar uprightness and sturdiness of character." 

We have received similar testimony as to character in the Saybrook 
branch. In our study of this family, while we have not made it a subject 
of special inquiry, we have noticed a number of judges who have been of 
Lynde blood or connected with this family. Nathaniel Lynde was himself 
an Associate Judge in Connecticut; Simon Lynde his father was Associate 
Judge, sitting with the Chief Justice in Massachusetts ; Benjamin Lynde 
his brother was Chief Justice of Massachusetts ; Benjamin Lynde 2d his 
nephew occupied the same high office ; Samuel Lynde his son was Judge 
of the Superior Court of Connecticut ; Richard Lord, who married his 
daughter Elizabeth, was an Associate Judge in Connecticut ; Nathaniel 
Niles, who married his great granddaughter Nancy Lathrop, was Judge of 
the Supreme Court of Vermont, Member of Congress, six times Elector 
of President, etc.; John Barren Niles their son, his great great grandson, 
was Circuit Judge of Indiana ; Charles Johnson McCurdy his great great 
grandson was Judge of the Superior and Supreme Courts of Connecticut, 
etc. ; William Griswold Lane, who married his great great granddaughter 


Elizabeth Diodate Griswold, was Judge of the Court of Common Pleas 
in Ohio. As a race, the American Lyndes have been proud of their 
ancestry, and worthy of it. 

We much regret that we cannot find the place of Enoch Lynde in 
the family of the Van der Lindens of Belgium, and lay before our 
readers of his blood his entire line of descent, as we have given that of 
Elizabeth Digby his wife. We can trace his family in uninterrupted 
course to the time of his birth, about 1580, or earlier — that is, more than 
three hundred years. Here occurs the first break in the line, his father's 
name being unknown. His grandfather Nathan may be supposed to have 
been born about sixty years before — say in 1520, or earlier. Whenever 
the emigration of the family to England took place, whether in the time 
of Mr. Lynde himself, or that of his father, or grandfather, their names 
would have been likely to be dropped from the Van der Linden annals, 
especially if their removal was caused by their becoming Protestants, 
it being a Catholic family. Only those of the elder branches of families 
were retained usually on family-trees. We have not thought it best, there- 
fore, to attempt an exhaustive research which would bring great expense, 
with probably little other result. Yet while we cannot furnish legal proof 
of the ancestry of Enoch Lynde, we believe that we can show sufficient 
circumstantial evidence to satisfy his descendants that he was a Van der 
Linden by birth. We recapitulate the evidence beginning with the facts 
known concerning himself. 

Enoch Lynde married, in 1614, Elizabeth Digby, who, as "an heiress," 
had a right to bear her family-arms, and impaled her arms with his own 
on a seal too old to have its tinctures defined. This seal and pieces of 
silver with the same combined arms were brought over by his son Simon 
Lynde, a settler in Boston in 1650, where his three sons continued to use 
Enoch Lynde's own family-arms, and from them there have been handed 
down, to this day, articles of silver with these heraldic devices upon them. 


Simon Lynde was only twelve years old when his father died. He 
used his father's arms on a seal without indication of tinctures. In the 
early part of our search, before we had ascertained that Enoch Lynde's 
arms were of foreign origin, Col. Chester wrote : 

" It must be remembered that the seal itself displays no tinctures, and therefore 
it is impossible to know what colours were intended. It was not until the next 
century, say 1740 (Heraldic Journal, iii., 31-2), that colours were assigned to the coat, 
being both painted and engraved . . . for . . . Chief Justice Benjamin 
Lynde [2d] . . . On what authority did the painters Johnston and Hurd and the 
unknown engravers . . . decide that in the Lynde coat the field should be gules, 
the chief or, and the mallets the same as the field ... It is clear that their 
choice of colours was purely arbitrary." 

Col. Chester was the first person to pronounce the arms borne by 
Enoch Lynde to be a foreign coat, and we have his letter expressing his 
belief that he was a Van der Linden. 

As we have seen, Enoch Lynde, a shipping-merchant in London, had 
a government-contract " to carry the mails to the Low Countries," show- 
ing that he had influence and money to obtain the appointment from the 
government, that he had facilities of entrance to, and intercourse with, these 
countries. 71 We have noticed that the mingling of French with imperfect 
English in his letter to the government, which we have quoted, is an 
indication of foreign extraction. Elizabeth Digby his wife, of Dutch 
descent on her mother's side, was educated from childhood with her 
mother's relatives in Holland. Whom would she have been so likely to 

14 " 1632 Petition of Samson Bates, Enoch Lynde . . . Job Allibond," and others to Le Coke on 
behalf of the " ordinary posts for the Low Countries . . ." to have a settlement "of reglements 
and orders for the posts for foreign service ; the petitioners" having "paid great sums for their places, 
and of late have been much wronged, pray to be heard before the settling of the orders." Calendar of 
State Papers, Domestic Series . . . 1631-1633 . . . London, 1862, p. 469. 

Col. Chester stated : "Job Alibond subsequently held a permanent place in the Post Office, and 
lived until the year 1672, dying an old man. His son was knighted, and became one of the Justices of 
the King's Bench." 


marry as a Netherlander by birth or recent descent ? Then, in the brief 
family-history we have received there is the corroborating fact that Simon 
Lynde, their son, was sent to Holland, when a young man, by 
Mr. Benjamin Delaney, his London mercantile employer, where he 
"keept his books in ye Dutch toungue." Simon Lynde would not, at 
that time, have learned the Dutch language as an accomplishment, nor 
would he have been useful in a foreign business without a long familiarity 
with it. We cannot doubt that Dutch was the language of his home, that 
which his father and mother spoke with the greatest facility. Mr. Delaney 
bore a foreign name, and had a permanent business-office in a foreign 
country, as well as in London. It seems very probable that he also was 
a foreigner, perhaps from the Low Countries. There has come from a 
modern source a singular confirmation of our belief. In 1878, before 
the idea had ever been suggested by any one that our Lyndes were of 
foreign origin, Mr. Edward Hart Lynde, great great great grandson of 
Judge Nathaniel Lynde, being in Europe, wrote, in Amsterdam, to his 
father in New York a letter from which we copy the following : 

" Upon my name being noticed in the Hotel register, I found myself the recipient 
of more than ordinary attention, and learned that the Lynde or Lynden family were 
reckoned among the old noblesse. A Count de Lynden was here, and he sent me 
his card and gave me his seal with the arms of the Lynden family. He says, in 
about 1500 certain of the Holland estates were confiscated during political troubles, 
and that members of the family, thus impoverished, settled in Kent, others in 
Buckinghamshire, England, dropped the 'n,' and their descendants, being born 
English, lost knowledge of their Dutch ancestry."" 

16 In the list of persons who took the oath of allegiance in Bergen, New Jersey, November 22, 1665, 
there is the name of "Joas Vand r Lynde" which shows that the contraction from Van der Linden 
or Lynden to Lynde had been used in Holland before his coming over, or very early among the Dutch 
settlers in this country. The prefixes "Van der" would naturally be soon dropped in England, where 
there was no distinct Dutch settlement, as soon as the family became established as Englishmen. See 
Documents relating to the Col. Hist, of the State of New Jersey. By William A. Whitehead, vol. i., 
1631-1687, p. 49. 


Mr. Lynde, being young, and not a genealogist, pursued the subject 
no farther. When he returned, the impression of the seal was broken on 
shipboard. He died soon after. 

As we have previously said, when, in 1880, we made inquiries abroad, 
Mr. Van der Velde, secretary of the College of Arms and of the Nobility 
at The Hague, replied to Hon. Mr. Birney American Minister there, that 
the coat of arms which he had sent him (our Lynde coat) was that of 
the Van der Lindens ; and referred to " members of this family of the 
Barons Van der Linden d'Hooghvorst still living in Belgium." In reply 
to Mr. Birney's inquiries of the Baron, the head of the family, Mr. Delsaux 
wrote to him (in French), in April 1880 : 

"The Baron d'Hooghvorst has been pleased to commission me to search his 
archives in order to reply to your letter." 

In December 1880 Mr. Delsaux wrote the following note, and 
enclosed the sketch which we give of the Van der Linden family : 

"The 24th of last March you were pleased to address the Baron d'Hooghvorst 
to obtain information concerning the family of the Barons Van der Linden 
d'Hooghvorst." I have had the honor to be entrusted to make the search called for 
by your letter, and to transmit some data on this noble family concerning which I 
possess valuable documents, and whose genealogical history I am now establishing. 

" The arms of the family of Lynde, of which a drawing has been given to me, are 
identically the same as those of the Barons d'Hooghvorst :" Gules a chief Arg. 
charged with three mallets Sable. The crest differs. It is : ancient wings expanded [that is, 
of an extinct creature] Arg. with a mallet, the same as in the shield, in an inclined position?" 

76 We learned in July 1890 from the Hon. A. LeGhait, Belgian Minister at Washington, that the 
present Baron Van der Linden d'Hooghvorst "was near his death, leaving only young children." 

" The title of Baron d'Hooghvorst was first conferred on a Philippe Van der Linden of this family 
in 1663. 

18 Though there was a difference between the tinctures of the two coats (probably caused by a 
mistake, as Col. Chester supposed, an arbitrary choice of colors having been made by earl}' American 
heraldic painters) we find that there was no hesitation made by the foreign genealogists in accepting 
ours as the coat of the Barons Van der Linden. 

The crest of our Lynde arms, though blazoned on our pedigree of Lynde, is not included in our 


" The shield of the Barons d'Hooghvorst is supported by a lion and a leopard, 
and they carry the coronet of Count and of Baron on account of their Countship of 
Hombeck, and the Baronetcies of Hooghvorst and of Wachtendonck. 

"About the time mentioned in the letter, lived Ferdinand Van der Linden, 
Chevalier, Baron of Seraing-le-Chateau, Lord of Marnesse, born March 15, 1570, 
President of the Council, and Deputy of the Nobility, commander of a detachment 
of Flemish soldiers in Spain under the reign of Phillip IV. who distinguished 
himself by several brilliant actions as well in Spain as in the Netherlands, whose 
portrait is to be found in the Chateau of Meysse, and who married Lady Catherine 
Van der Noot of the illustrious family of Marquises of Assche, Counts of Duras, etc. 

"This gentleman was son of Philippe Van der Linden, Chevalier, Grand 
Forester of Brabant, Baron de Seraing-le-Chateau, Lord of Marnesse, Bommelettes, 
etc.; his bravery at the battle of Saint Quentin gained for him the praise of the 
Duke of Savoy. He allied himself by contract concluded December 29, 1568, to 
Lady Anne Cymons the beautiful heiress of Diepensteyn, whose portrait also the 
family possesses, daughter of Domingo Cymons, a gentleman, originally of Valence 
and of Claire d'Almaras, descended from the Barons of Bouchout, hereditary 
Chatelains of Brussels, Commander of the armies of the Dukes of Brabant and their 

" Messire Philippe Van der Linden was son of Chevalier John Van der Linden, 
Baron de Seraing-le-Chateau, Lord of Over-Loo, Marnesse and Bommelettes, who took 
part in the noble assemblies of Brabant and of the Principality of Liege, dis- 
tinguished himself in the various wars which occurred under the glorious reign of 
Charles V., and of Lady Catherine de Marnesse, of an ancient family of nobility and 
military chivalry, descended from the Dukes of Brabant. 

"Another of the sons of this Baron, named John Van der Linden, Abbe of Saint 
Gertrude, played an important part in the pacification of Ghent in 1570, and in that 
of Cologne in 1579. 

" I might add many more details on the ancestry of the noble house of the Barons 
Van der Linden d'Hooghvorst and of Wachtendonck, Counts of Hombeck, etc., etc., 
whose genealogy I am at this moment drawing out, which goes back to the year 815, 

description of the coat because we have not verified it as belonging with the shield. There is, however, 
an evident likeness between our crest and that which Mr. Delsaux here describes as belonging to the 
Van der Linden d'Hooghvorst family, our griffin, a half-fabulous creature of an extinct age, having 
wings expanded, and a mallet being in its claw instead of resting alone in an inclined position. Perhaps 
Enoch Lynde's crest was an engraver's unauthorized change from the true original. Or it may have 
been a variation used by Enoch Lynde's branch of the Van der Lindens. 


but I do not discover the alliance which I have the honor of having had men- 
tioned to me ; I should be pleased to have fuller information concerning the 
branch of Lynde ; . . . 

"Although this investigation may be long and difficult, I hope, if the family be 
disposed to intrust to me this work, by earnest efforts to succeed in finding some 
documents concerning this branch." 

[Signed] " P. Delsaux, Archiviste, Genealogiste, et Armoriste." 

In conclusion, we note a statement made by Col. Chester that 
"Enoch Lynde died in 1636, many years before spurious arms began to 
be assumed." We may therefore feel assured that the coat borne by 
Enoch Lynde was his birthright, which was still farther established by 
the fact that after his marriage he impaled with it the Digby arms of his 
wife. Next, we have found that his coat was pronounced by Mr. Van der 
Velde, the Secretary of the Arms and Nobility in the Netherlands, as that 
borne by the family of the Barons Van der Linden d'Hooghvorst. The 
head of the family, being appealed to by Hon. Mr. Birney, placed the 
inquiry in the hands of Mr. Delsaux, with authority to search "his 
archives," "his valuable documents," and answer the letter of the Ameri- 
can Minister. Whereupon Mr. Delsaux, the authorized genealogist of 
the family, familiar with its history, and armorial bearings, most distinctly 
asserted, as above, that the arms of our Lyndes were the same as those of 
the Barons d'Hooghvorst — that is of the ancient family of Van der Linden, 
his opinion being the same as that of Mr. Van der Velde. Mr. Delsaux 
farther offered, as we have seen, to make an "investigation" in the 
" hope ... by earnest efforts to succeed in finding some documents 
concerning this branch." With the combined testimony of his history and 
arms, and the high authority of these foreign genealogists, our American 
Lyndes may rest in the belief that Enoch Lynde belonged to the race 
of Van der Linden. 


f <s <" ■ " A' 

, ,: : 

i m 1: 



Arms : Az. a fleur dt lis Arg.; old motto : Nul q'un ; present motto : Deo non fortund. 

We pass on, now, to the other part of the two-fold ancestry to which 
we alluded at the beginning of our Lynde monograph, to record the 
descent of Elizabeth Digby, wife of Enoch Lynde. On this point we 
possess evidence from two quite independent sources : the records and 
traditions of the American Lyndes, on the one hand, and, on the other, 
English pedigrees ; these two sources of proof being in remarkable accord 
with each other. It will be interesting to compare the statements derived 
from the two sources, in some particulars, before we trace the descent of 
Elizabeth Digby, in detail, by the aid of English authorities. 

But for the interest felt in his pedigree by Chief Justice Benjamin 
Lynde 2d, and his great care in committing to paper the facts in his posses- 
sion, all trace of our Digby ancestry would have been lost. Through him 
the Boston Lyndes, and those of the Saybrook branch who kept copies of 
his chart-pedigrees, retained the record of their Digby descent, but it was 
not generally handed down by tradition in the latter branch. 1 

From the American side we learn that the wife of Enoch Lynde 
was a daughter, and the heiress, of Everard Digby ; that this Everard was 
second son of Simon Digby ; that Elizabeth Digby's " Parents dying 
while she was young, she was sent into Holland for Education, and there 
Instructed in the Protestant Religion, her relations being generally Roman 
Catholics;" that "she was a near relation of Jn° Digby I st Earl of Bristol, 
who Introduced her son Simon Lynde to kiss K. Charles' hand ;" and that 
her son Simon "was named after her family." 3 Moreover, the second 

1 For our information obtained from him and from other sources see 5,gnt>e, pp. 359-367. 

5 All these statements date from the time of the second Chief Justice Lynde (who doubtless derived 
them from his father), and are given here mostly in his own words, taken from the old Lynde pedigree 
at Saybrook now owned by Mrs. S. S. Chalker. 


Chief Justice Lynde, in the year 1763, addressed a letter, of which the 
following is a copy sent to us by Dr. F. E. Oliver of Boston, to Henry 
seventh Lord Digby, recapitulating some of the family-traditions just 
referred to, adding other facts, and plainly showing that he believed 
himself to be of the same Digby blood with his Lordship : 

" My Lord — 

" When you cast your eye to the name of the Subscriber, you will, I doubt not, 
wonder what it is that such a person can have to do or say with you. 

"That I may not hold you in Suspense, I must tell you it is a desire of Knowing 
the family of some of my ancestors that has led me to the giving your Lordship 
this trouble. 

"My grandfather Simon Lynde Esq., born in London 1624, was the son of 
Mr. Enoch Lynde and Eliz a : his wife, whose maiden name was Digby, and, as I have 
been told by my Father, the late Hon. Benf Lynde Esq., this Mr. Lynde was named 
Simon after his mother's family : a name, I find, pretty commonly in use in your 
Family. Simon Digby, who dyed Feb. y 1520, was a person of great note in the times 
of H. 7 th and H. 8 th . From him descended Jn° Digby i st Earl of Bristol, who, I have 
been told, introduced my GrandP, the above Simon Lynde, as a relation of his, to 
kiss K. Charles' hand ; and on a silver Ink-Case that was my grandfather's I find the 
arms of the Digby Family, viz: The field azure, a Flcnver de Lis argent, parted with the 
arms of our Family; and that my Gr' Grandmother Mrs. Eliz a Digby, when young, 
was sent over to Holland to be educated in the Protestant Religion, most of her relations 
being Roman Catholics ; and [that], after, her son my grandfather serv'd as an 
apprentice to a merch 1 in Holland, and he himself kept his Books in Dutch. 
Mrs. Eliz a Lynde, al. Digby, lived until 1669. 

" Y r Lordship's grandfather was, I take it, Simon Digby ; 5 my grandfather, also, 
was named Simon, after the same family name. 

" I would not have troubled y r Lordship with so long a Detail of these matters, 
had Guillim or any of those Authors been more perticular ; but, as I take your 
family to be of the eldest branch, and most likely to have y e Pedigree for 200 years 
past, I have adventured on this Freedom. 

3 This is incorrect. The grandfather of Henry seventh Lord Digby was William, a younger brother 
of Simon the fourth Lord, from whom he inherited the title through his own elder brother Edward the 
sixth Lord Digby — The History and Antiquities of the County of Dorset. . . . By John Hutching 
... the third ed. Westminster, 1870, iv. 473-74- Henry, seventh Lord Digby, was created an English 
Peer in 1765, and Earl in 1790; and died September 25, 1793 (see our 33cDiflvcc of J9iQu,j>). 


" The young gentleman who takes the trouble of this will have the honour of 
waiting on y T Lordship, and, as he returns to New England the next Summer, I 
should esteem it a great favour if your Lordship will condescend to let him see the 
Genealogy of the Digby family from about the year 1580, that so I may guess from 
what Branch the aforesaid Mrs. Elizabeth Digby sprang.' 

" I congratulate your Lordship on your being appointed one of the Commis- 
sioners of the Admiralty, begging pardon [for] the freedom that a Stranger has 
thus taken with your Lordship . . . 
" I subscrib myself, in all [respect], 

"Your Lordship's Most Obedient h. servant 

" Benj a Lynde." 
"To the R l Hon b,e Henry, Lord Digby." 
" 21 Nov r 1763." 

The reply to this letter has been lost ; which is explained in a note 
from Dr. Fitch Edward Oliver of Boston, as follows : 

" Boston, Oct. 17, 1878." 
" My dear Madam, 

". . . The letter of Judge Lynde to which I referred some time since was 
written to Henry Lord Digby in November 1763, making some inquiries as to the 
family. I should here say that many of our family-papers were scattered or destroyed 
at the time of the death of my uncle Dr. B. Lynde Oliver in 1835, and that the letter 
in question was found among some other Lynde papers in possession of a lady in 
Salem, so that no answer to the letter exists. . . . 

"But a letter exists in the possession of Hon. Robert C. Winthrop from the 
younger Chief Justice Benjamin Lynde to Gov. James Bowdoin, both ancestors of 
his, of which we give a copy : 

4 On a fragment of Lynde pedigree, preserved among the family-papers, "taken from the back of 
an old Family Escutcheon — A[ndrew] 0[liver, husband of the eldest daughter of the second Chief 
Justice Lynde]," we find the descent of Elizabeth Digby partially given, thus : 
" Sir John Digby, Knighted at Bosworth 
Simon Digby 

Everard Digby 

Eliz" Digby " — where, as will be seen, one generation is omitted. This must be regarded as a 
relic of old family-traditions. 


"'Ipswich Hamlet, June 5, 1776." 
"'Dear Sir, I rejoice that you and Mrs. Bowdoin are got to so pleasant and, I 
trust, so safe a retreat. I with my family have lived at this Hamlet about 12 months, 
daily fearing the regulars would have bombarded Salem and destroyed for me a 
good estate there ; What finally will be the event God only knows ! My years forbid 
over anxious distressing cares ; 'T is our duty to submit to the holy will of Heaven. 
. . . I long to hear how your son does who was travelling for his Health, and 
when you last heard from him, and also [of] Mr. Temple's Family's welfare. 

" ' For your amusement (Dr Sir) in your leisure Hours at Middleboro' I enclose 
a coppy of the Present Lord Digby's Letter to me 1765 (when he was one of the 
Lords of the Admiralty), from which you will have the pleasure of Learning your 
Descent from a remote ancestor who died aboue 300 years agoe. 

"'My best respects wait on Mrs. Bowdoin and Family. You'll please to accept 
the same from, 

" ' Hon" 6 Sir, 

" 'your most obedient humble servant and cousin 

"'Benj n Lynde.' " 
" 'To the Hon b,e 

James Bowdoin Esq r .'" 

The "ancestor who died aboue 300 years agoe" was Sir Everard Digby 
of Tilton and Leicester, and, in right of his wife, of Stoke Dry, co. Rutland, 
who married Anne daughter of Sir Francis Clarke of Whissenden and 
Stoke Dry. He died in 1461 (see our $e&iStte Of Bfflfcff). 

These lines referring to Lord Digby's reply are evidence, from the 
English side, and so form a natural transition to English records. We 
find first, in Nichols's " Leicestershire," 5 a pedigree of the Digby family con- 
spicuous in the sixteenth century for its attachment to the Romish faith, 
which names Elizabeth Digby, born in 1584, a daughter of Everard son of 
Simon of Bedale, her father being a near relative of the first Earl of 
Bristol; whose mother was " Cath. Stockbridge ;" and who married 
Lyne. A Harleian manuscript,- also, mentions this Elizabeth (whose 

6 Nichols's History and Antiqui 
pp. 262, 262*. 
6 MS. 1,364. 

of Leicestershire. London, 1795, ii. Pt. 1, 261* 


mother is there called " Catherine daughter of Stockbridge de Vandershaff, 
Theobor [Theodor?] de Newkirk" 7 — from which it appears that her mother 
was a Dutch lady. 8 

A copy lately made from the Digby 'pedigree of Sherborne Castle, by 
the private Secretary of the late representative of the family, George Digby 
Wingfield Digby Esq., reiterates the same information, making mention of 
Elizabeth Digby, "filia et haeres, nupta — Lyne," whose father was 
Everard son of Simon of Bedale, and whose mother called " Catharine filia 
Magistri Stockbridge de Vandershaff, Theuber de Newkirk "). This copy 
from the Sherborne pedigree was sent in answer to a request to Mr. Digby 
from one of the authors of this volume. That gentleman kindly directed 
his Private Secretary to obtain the information desired, who replied : 

„-, „ "Sherborne Castle, Sherborne, Dorset, Nov: <o, 1880." 

" Dear Madam, J ' 

" I am so very sorry that your letter has been so long unanswered. Mr. Digby 
has been away, and I have only just returned from abroad. 

" I am sorry I cannot give you more information on the subject you wish me to, 
but I have copied from the pedigree the enclosed. There is no book in Sherborne 
Castle, that I am able to find, where anything more of the history of this branch 
is given. 

"With regard to the beauty of the Digbys having descended to the present 
generation, I must tell you that the present Mr. Digby of Sherborne Castle has the 
most charming face and manners— and that Lord Digby and all his family are also 
very handsome and pleasing. I enclose a photograph of Mr. Digby ; but it is of 
course difficult for strangers to judge of a face in a photograph, and this is perhaps 
not the most pleasing that has been taken of him, but is the only one I have left. 
" Believe me 

" Yours faithfully 

" Wadham Knatchbull." 

" Mr. Digby is very well again-now, and much pleased at the interest taken by a 
transatlantic cousin in their mutual ancestry." 

1 Rietstap does not mention the name Theobor, but he gives arms to Theodor Neukirch, and 
Neukirchen families. 

8 Her cousin Mary, daughter of her father's brother Rowland, married Jean Baptiste of Antwerp. 
Mr. Delsaux writes that Diana daughter of George Digby, second Earl of Bristol, married, in 1667,' 
Rene de Mol, Baron de Herent, of a family allied with the Van der Lindens. 

Biflt) 3)=2LffnTre 

This Sherborne pedigree may be the original from which both Nichols 
and the Harleian MS. derived their statements; yet there are differences, 
in certain particulars, between the three authorities, suggesting independent 
sources of information. 

A comparison of these English statements with those handed down in 
the Lynde family of New England clearly establishes the identity of the 
two Elizabeth Digbys. . It should be noticed, also, that the maternal 
descent from Dutch ancestors of the Elizabeth Digby of English records, 
daughter of Everard, perfectly harmonizes with, and throws light upon, 
the fact, handed down among the Lyndes of New England, that the wife 
of Enoch Lynde was sent into Holland for education. How natural was 
it that this Elizabeth Digby, being a daughter of the lady above mentioned, 
on the death of her parents in her youth, should be sent for education to 
her mother's native land, there to be brought up in the Protestant religion, 
among her mother's relatives ! The going of her son Simon to Holland on 
business and his keeping accounts there in the Dutch language likewise 
accord with the supposition that his maternal ancestry was Dutch, as well 
as with the fact that his mother had been brought up in Holland, so that 
she could teach her son the language of that country. Besides, it now 
seems probable, as we have seen, that his father, too, was a native, or a 
descendant of a native, of the Low Countries. Indeed, Enoch Lynde's 
acquaintance with the lady who was to be his wife may have originated 
in their common family-associations with Holland, fostered by his business- 
connections, and by her separation in interest from her paternal kindred, 
consequent upon, her orphanage and Protestant training. It will be 
observed farther that the statement that the relatives of our Elizabeth 
Digby were mostly Roman Catholics coincides, remarkably, with her being 
a member of the prominent Roman Catholic Digby family of the sixteenth 
century; as does the naming of Simon Lynde, "after her family," with 
the fact that the name of Simon was of frequent occurrence among the 
distinguished Roman Catholic Digbys. 


To all these circumstantial proofs of the descent of Elizabeth Digby 
is to be added, that her son Simon Lynde, as we have said in our Lynde 
monograph, in signing his Will of 1685, used a seal with Lynde arms 
impaling Digby— showing that it had been his father's ; and that the first 
Chief Justice Lynde had, as he wrote to Lord Digby in the letter above 
quoted, "a silver Inkstand that was [his] grandfather's, on which the Digby 
arms were impaled with those of Lynde;" and that the second Chief Justice, 
in his Will of 1776, bequeathed a "La. [large] flowered Silver Beaker that 
was [his] great Grandmother Elizabeth Digby's, which piece of Plate is 
near two hundred years old." 

We will, next, set forth the remoter ancestry of our Elizabeth Digby, 
in detail, in the words of a Report made to us by Col. Chester in 1881. 
Into this Report will be incorporated a few notes on Elizabeth Digby's 
female ancestry. Much more information may be found in the standard 
books of British genealogy. 

"The received history of the family of Digby," says Col. Chester, 
"goes back to the time of William the Conqueror, when, in 1086, lands in 
Tilton, co. Leicester, were held by 

"I. Aelmar [1] or Almarus, 9 who had two sons, Sir John^® de 
Tilton, and 

"II. Sir Everard 1 ® Digby of Tilton, 10 who married Amicia Bretton, 
[or Brereton] and had a son 

4 "III. William}® Lord of Tilton, who, by his wife Christiana, had 

5 two sons, Walter^ Digby of Tilton, a monk in the time of King 

6 Henry II., and Robert^ the second son, viz : 
"IV. Robert [6] Tilton, alias Digby, who married Anne daughter of 

Herle of the county of Lincoln, and had two sons, Robert*® and 

Thomas}® The eldest son, viz : 

"V. Robert [7] Digby of Digby, living 40 Henry III. (1255-56), 

9 Anglus Saxonicus. 

10 Leland in his Itinerary, as quoted in Nichols's Leicestershire (London, 1800, iii. Pt. I., 462), says : 
" Dykeby, as far as can be conjectid, cummith by lineal descent out of the towne of Dikeby, a village 
yn Lincolnshire. ... As far as I can lerne, the eldest place that the Dikebyes of Lincolnshir had 
in Leircestreshire was at Tilton not far from Shevingtunne." 


9 married Ida daughter of John Fitzherbert, and had four sons, John, [6] 

10-12 Nicholas,™ Hugh t6] and William [6] a priest. 
"The eldest son, viz : 

"VI. Sir John [9] Digby, died 52 Henry III. (1267-68), having mar- 
ried Arabella [or Orabella] daughter of Sir William Harcourt of Stanton 
Harcourt, Oxford, and his wife Alice daughter of Roger and sister of 
13, 14 Alan La Zouche, by whom he had two sons, John [7] and William. m Her 
first husband was Sir Fulke Pembrugge." 

Note i. Nichols quotes a description of monuments of this Sir John 
and his wife at Tilton, the former inscribed: "Jehan de Digby gist ici ; 
praies poor lui," and on the other the arms of Harcourt : Or two bars, 
three crescents in chief Gules, , u 

The "ancient and eminent family [of Harcourt-Barons Harcourt, of 
Stanton Harcourt, co. Oxford, Viscounts Harcourt, Earls Harcourt] traced 
its pedigree to Bernard, a nobleman of the royal blood of Saxony, who 
acquired, in 876, when Rollo the Dane made himself master of Normandy, 
the lordships of Harcourt, Caileville, and Beaufidel, in that principality." 
Bernard's great grandson Anchetil, Sire de Harcourt, was the first to assume 
the surname. Arabella Harcourt was a descendant in the eleventh genera- 
tion from Bernard. Her grandmother was Arabella daughter of Sayer de 
Quinci, Earl of Winchester, by Margaret his wife, daughter of Robert de 
Bellemont, and sister and co-heir of Robert, Earl of Leicester. 12 

Col. Chester continues as follows : 

"The eldest son, viz : 
I5> l( > "VII. John [13] Digby, living 1 1—33 Edward I. (1282-3 to 1304-5), 
married a daughter of Wake, and had two sons, Robert™ and John. [8] 

" The second son, viz : . 

"VIII. John [16] Digby, married Elizabeth daughter of William 
Oseville, and had one son, viz : 

11 Nichols's Leicestershire, ut supra, iii. Pt. I, 471-72. 

18 A Geneal. History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and Extinct Peerages. ... By 
Sir Bernard Burke. . . . London. . . . 18S3, pp. 263-64. 


"IX. Robert^ Digby, who was dead 14 Henry IV. (141 2-13), 
having married Catharine daughter of Simon Pakeman, and sister and 
coheir of Henry Pakeman of Kirby, co. Leicester, by whom he had two 
sons and two daughters. 

" The eldest son, 

"X. Simon [im Digby of Tilton aforesaid, and of Drystoke, co. Rut- 
land, was dead 19 Henry VI. (1440-41), having married Joan daughter 
of Sir James Beler, or Bellairs, by whom he had four sons. 

"The eldest son, viz : 
1 i "XI. Sir Everard 1111 Digby, was Sheriff of Rutlandshire in 1459, 

and representative in Parliament for that county from 1446 until his death. 
He and his three brothers were slain in the celebrated battle of Towton, 
29 March 146 1, fighting in behalf of King Henry VI." 

Note 2. This is the person of whom Leland 13 says : 

"At Palmesunday feld, Digeby, the best of that stock, namid Everard, as I 
remembre, was slayne civili bello, betwixt Henry and Edward, and the landes of hym 
was attaintid, but afterwards restorid. This Dikeby had by heire general as by his 
wife, as I remembre, a manor and a place as it is caullid Stoke by Ludington, the 
bishop of Lincoln's place in Ruthelandshire, the which afore longgid to one Clerke." 
This Sir Everard is the common " ancestor who died aboue 300 years agoe," to 
whom Lord Digby referred in his letter to the second Chief Justice Lynde (see 

Hutchins 14 speaks of a restoration of the manor of Tilton to his son 
Everard ; while Nichols 15 says that Everard the son, adhering to Lancastrian 
principles, " with all his brethren," fought valiantly at Bosvvorth against 
Richard 3 d , and was rewarded by Henry 7 th , on his accession to the throne, 
with the restoration of the family-inheritance of Tilton, and other honors. 

" Sir Everard Digby married Anne daughter of Sir Francis Clarke, 
by whom he had two sons, Everard [12] and John, [12] and two daughters. 

18 iv. ig, as quoted by Nichols in his "Leicestershire," ut supra, iii. Pt. I, 463. 

14 The Hist, and Antiq. of Dorset, ut supra, iv. 475. 

15 Leicestershire, ut supra, ii. Pt. 1, 262, note 3. 


" The eldest son, 

"XII. Everard [20] Digby Esquire of Tilton aforesaid, was Sheriff 
of Rutlandshire in 1459, i486 and 1499, and was representative in Parlia- 
ment for that county many years. He died in January 1508-09, and was 
buried at Tilton. His will, dated 17 th January, was proved on the 12 th of 
February in that year. He married Jacquetta daughter of Sir John Ellis, 
who died before him, on the 29 th of June 1496, and was buried at Stoke 
Dry in Rutlandshire." 

Note 3. Sir John Ellis (or Elys) was of co. Devon, and married 
Alianor daughter of Sir William Russell of co. Hereford. It appears that 
a branch of the ancient family of Ellis settled early in Devonshire. 16 

The epitaphs of this Everard and his wife at Tilton and Stoke Dry, 
respectively, are given in Nichols's "Leicestershire" (ut supra, iii. Pt. 1, 
472 ; and (London, 1798) ii. Pt. 2, 608) as follows : 

" Hie jacet Everardus Diggeby dus de Tilton [et] Stok dri ; qui obiit vicesimo 
primo die mensis Januarii ; anno D'ni M°CCCCC nono ; cuius a' i' e propitietur 
Deus. Amen." 

" Hie jacet Jaquetta Digbi ; qu°da uxor Everardi Digby, armigeri, que quidem 
obiit vicesimo nono die mensis Junii anno Dni M°CCCC° LXXXXVI [elsewhere 
the reading is LXXXIII], cujus a' i' e propicietur Deus. Amen." 

Col. Chester continues : 

" They had issue seven sons and four daughters. From Simou, ll3] the 
second son, descended the Lords Digby. The third son, with whom we 
have to do, was 

23 "XIII. Sir John {Vil Digby of Eye Kettleby in the county of 

Leicester, who was knighted by King Henry VII. for his services at 
Bosworth Field. He was subsequently Knight Marshal of the King's 
Household. He is said to have died in 1533. His will, dated I st August 
1529, with a codicil 19 May 1533, was not proved until the 30 th of October 
1546, so that it may be doubted that his death occurred so early. He 
married, i st , Catharine daughter of Nicholas Griffin, and sister of Thomas 

16 Nichols's Topographer and Genealogist, ut supra, iii. 2S4. 


Griffin, of Braybrooke, co. Northampton, who died before 151 7; and, 2 dl7 , 
Anne Willoughby, of the family of that name at Wollaton, co. Notting- 
ham, whose marriage settlement was dated 24 October 15 17, and who was 
dead at the date of the codicil to her husband's will in 1533." 

Note 4. Of this Sir John we read in Nichols's "Leicestershire:" 17 

" John Digby the third brother was knighted, and appointed knight-marshal of 
the king's household. He was sheriff of Rutland 1491, 15 17 and 1523 ; of Warwick 
and Leicester 1515 ; captain of Calais under King Henry VII.; was engaged in the 
Low Country wars under King Henry VIII. in 1511; and in 1513 was marshal of the 
vant-guard of the king's army at the battle of Therouenne. Retiring afterwards to 
his mansion at Eye Kettleby, he was appointed steward to the prior and convent of 
Lewes for their estates in that neighbourhood . . . and dying 1533 was buried 
at Melton. . . . It is John to whom Leland principally alludes : 'At the cumming 
y n of Henry the 7, vi brethren, al of the Dikeby of Tilton and Stoke, cam to King 
Henry the vii. at Bosworth feld, and toke his part ; whereof 3 were welle rewarded. 
And one of the 3 had attaintid landes given hym in Leircestreshire, to the value of a 
hunderith markes by the yere, and after was knight mareschal of the kinges mare- 
schallery, but after, for escape of certin prisoners, he left his office, paying much of 
the forfect, whereby he was compellid to selle his stokke of the staple in Calays, 
wher he occupied ; and then King Henry the vii. offerid hym a great office in the 
marches of Calays for mony, the which he forsakid not without summe indignation 
of the king, and Vaulx the riche knight after had it. This Dikeby had also a p'eace of 
the Bellars landes, and bought besides a part or 2 of the same lordship that he was 
partener yn . . .' Itin., Vol. IV., p. 19." 

Hutchins 18 gives his epitaph from Nichols, as follows : 

" Of your devotion and charite, 
Say a Paternoster and an Ave, 
That God to his grace and light 
Receive the soul of Sir John Digby, knight, 
And of Dame Catharine and Dame Ann, his wives, 
Which Sir John Digby died anno Domini 1533." 

" Ut supra, ii. Pt. i, 262, note 6. 

18 Hist, and Antiq. of Dorset, ut supra, iv. 475. 


" By his first wife Sir John Digby had four sons and five daughters, 
of whom we have to deal only with the eldest son, viz : 

"XIV. William 11 ® Digby of Kettleby and Luffenham, co. Leicester, 
Esquire, who married Helen daughter of John Roper, Attorney-General 
of King Henry VIII., and died without issue." 

Note 5. The pedigree of Catharine daughter of Nicholas Griffin of 
Braybrooke (Griffin arms : Sa. a griffin segreant Arg. ) is thus given in 
the "Visitation of the County of Warwick" for 16 19: 

"John Griffin Wellencis de Fauell [in the reign of Edward iii = Elizb. Da. and heire 
I of John Fauell 

Rich. Griffin = 

Tho. Griffin, miles=Elizb. da. and heire of Warinij Latimer 

, ' 

Rich. Griffin = Anne da. of Rich. Chamberlayn de Cotts 

1 ' 

Nicho. Griffin de Brabrook = Katherin Da. of Thomas Pilkington, miles 

1 ! J 

Nicho. Griffin de Braybroke = Kath. Da. of Rich. Curson 19 

Kath. ux. John Digby de Ketleby, miles."" 

The royal and noble descent of Elizabeth Latimer, wife of Sir Thomas 
Griffin, in some other lines, may be seen in Sheet 2 of our " Combined 
Descents." She was sole heiress of Warine Lord Latimer of Braybrook, 
by Catherine sister and heir of John de la Wane. Warine Latimer was 
made Banneret in the time of Edward III. His ancestor William Le 
Latimer, in 1270, in the reign of Henry III. signed with the cross to 

19 The family [of Curson or Curzon] " descended from a common ancestor with the existing noble 
house of Scarsdale, was very ancient, and its members were of rank from The Conquest to the time of 
its extinction. Burke's Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, ut supra, pp. 255, 

20 The Publications of the Harl. Soc. . . . Vol. xii. The Visitation of the County of Warwick 
. . . 1619 . . . Ed. by John Fetherston. London, 1877, p. 167. 



accompany Prince Edward to the Holy Land. John Le Latimer, grand- 
father of Warine Lord Latimer, married Christian daughter and co-heir of 
Walter Ledit alias Braybrook, by which marriage the castle of Braybrook 
and other large estates were inherited by Warine Lord Latimer, and came 
into the possession of his daughter and heiress who married Sir Thomas 
Griffin. 21 

Note 6. "The family of Fauvell [the above named John Griffin married 
Elizabeth Fauelljor Favell were settled in very early times in Yorkshire and Northamp- 
ton ; in the latter county at Walcot, and afterwards at Weston, called Weston Favell 
from thisfamily. They were lords of the manor of Weston from the time of Henry 3 
to that of Edward 3, when the property passed to the Griffins, by the marriage of 
Sir John Griffin of Weston with Elizabeth the heiress of her brothers, and daughter 
of John Favell of Weston by his wife Fine the daughter of Geoffrey de la Mare of 

Note 7. By the marriage of Elizabeth Favell's great grandson 
Richard Griffin to Anne daughter of Richard Chamberlayn de Cotts, 
co. Lincoln, came into the pedigree of our Elizabeth Digby another line 
of high descent. The "Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica" gives 
us the following account of the several branches of the family of Cham- 
berlayn, from an old writing headed : 

" ' The Arms and Pedigrees of the Chamberlaines, descended from the family of 
Earl Tankervile, who came in with William the Conqueror of Normandy which was 
John de Tankervile, Count Tankervile [of Tankerville Castle in Normandy] and after 
the Conquest returned into Normandy ; and when John de Millaine, Earle of 
Leicester, rebelled against William the Conqueror, John de Tankervile subdued him, 
and took him prisoner, whereupon the Conqueror gave the Earle of Leicester's 
coate-armour to be quartered with the armes of Tankerville.'" 33 

21 Burke's Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, ut supra, p. 145. 
» Pedigrees of The County Families of Yorkshire. Compiled by Joseph Foster. . . . North 
and East Riding, London, 1874, iii. 

23 See Visitation of the County of Warwick . . . 1619, ut supra, p. 258. 


"Count John de Tankervile had issue John, who had issue Richard, Lord 
Chamberlayne to King Stephen ; at which time surnames began in England ; where- 
upon Richard assumed the name of Chamberlayne ; he marryed the daughter of 
Galfrey, by whom he had Richard, who marryed the daughter of Sir Robert Eckney; 
who had issue S r Richard Chamberlayne, who marryed the daughter and heir of 
Edward Mortin Esq.; who had issue Richard Chamberlayne, who marryed the 
daughter of S r Richard Lovan ; who had issue S r Rich. Chamberleyne, who marryed 
the daughter of S r Jn° Knevit of Buckingham Castle. . . ."" 

Note 8. The family of Pilkington is of a Saxon origin. In Fuller's 
"Worthies" it is mentioned as "a right ancient family, gentlemen of 
Repute before the Conquest " and by Gwillim is described " as a knightly 
family of great antiquity, taking name from Pilkington, co. Lancaster." 25 

The Sir Thomas Pilkington whose daughter Katharine married 
Nicholas son of Richard and Anne (Chamberlayn) Griffin, was of the 
same family, and may have been the same person as the Sir Thomas of 
whom we read in "County Families of Wales" that he was descended 
from Leonard Pilkington, Lord of Pilkington Tower, who held a com- 
mand under Harold, the last of the Saxon kings, at the battle of 
Hastings in 1066 ; and, flying from the field, hotly pursued, disguised 
himself as a mower, and escaped. 

" From this he took for his crest a mower (with his scythe) of party colours, 
argent and gules. He joined the first crusade in 1096, and then assumed the arms 
(still borne by the family) : argent, a cross patonce gules voided of the field. [He took 
for his motto "Now thus! Now thus !"] 

"A descendant, Sir Thomas, fought for Richard III. at the battle of Bosworth 
Field, was attainted and beheaded by Henry VII."" 

'* Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica. Londoo, 1836, iii. 95-98. 
56 J. Burke's Landed Gentry, ut supra, ii. 127S. 

" Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales. ... By Thomas 
Nicholas. . . . London, 1S72 (one vol. in two), i. 454. 


Sir Bernard Burke gave, in 1887, as the representative of the family 
in England, Sir Lionel Milbome-Swinnerton-Pilkington, Baronet, eleventh 
in succession, of Chevet Hall, co. York, who bore the arms described 
above. He had sons to succeed him. 

Col. Chester's Report is continued as follows : 

" So far is the received accoimt of this family, and it must be accepted 
for what it is worth. . . . There is no good reason for doubting its 
statements, except as to the very last one. William Digby, the 14 th in 
descent, did not die without issue. He died before the I st of August 1529. 
I have the will of his father, Sir John Digby, of that date, one bequest in 
which is as follows : ' I will that my daughter Elyne Mountegue, late wife 
to my son William Digby of Luffenham, now deceased, and the daughter 
of John Roper late General Attorney to our Lord the King, have two 
25 closes in Ketulby for her life, with remainder to John ll5] Digby, son and 

heir of my said late son William Digby.' Here, then, is positive evidence 
of a son John. In another paragraph in the will, entailing certain property, 
after the death of said John son of said William, it was to go next to the 
heirs male of the testator's son William; and this plainly implies that 
William had left other sons besides John. William Digby himself left no 
will, at least that can be found. His widow Helen remarried Sir Edward 
Montague, Lord Chief Justice of England, ancestor of the Dukes of 
Manchester, and died in May 1563. She made a nuncupative will on the 
6 th of that month, naming her son William™ Digby as her executor, and 
(to quote the precise language), ' she gave him all her goods and chattels, 
somewhat considering her younger boys' William Digby, as son and 
executor, proved the will on the 21 st of the same month. We thus have 
clear evidence that William Digby died leaving certainly two sons, John 
and William, and probably others, although the expression 'younger 
boys ' may refer to the five sons the testatrix had by her second husband 
Sir Edward Montague. But, at all events, it is absolutely certain that 
William Digby did not die childless, but left at least two sons, John and 
William; and this is an important starting point from which to pursue 
the inquiry. 


" I think I can safely say that there is no documentary evidence exist- 
ing in England to show what became of the issue of William Digby, as I 
have every will of the name, and have thoroughly searched the Public 
Records. But just here comes in the elaborate Digby pedigree now in pos- 
session of Mr. Digby of Sherborne Castle, Dorsetshire, the history of which, 
so far as I can ascertain, is as follows. It came to the present Mr. Digby 
from his uncle the late Earl Digby, who purchased it, at the price of 
,£1,000., from Mrs. Williams of Pembedw, Denbighshire, and her nephew 
Mr. W. W. E. Wynne, M. P. for Merionethshire. It had come to them 
by the marriage of Mr. Wynne's grandfather, Richard Williams of 
Pembedw (younger brother of the first Sir Watkin Williams Wynne), 
with Charlotte Mostyn, heiress of Pembedw, whose mother was Charlotte 
Theophila daughter and coheiress of John Digby of Cothurst, son of 
Sir Kenelm Digby. It is well known that an elaborate pedigree of the 
family was compiled at the instance of Sir Kenelm Digby, which was 
supposed to be in the Collections of the late Sir Thomas Phillips ; but it 
may be reasonably conjectured that this was only a copy, and that the 
original descended from Sir Kenelm to his son John, and was preserved in 
the family until it finally reached the present Mr. Digby of Sherborne. 
Of its accuracy it is of course impossible to judge, but there is no doubt 
that it has always been regarded as authoritative, while the date at which 
it was compiled, and the object of Sir Kenelm to have an authentic 
account of his family, render it unlikely that it is incorrect in its details 

" This pedigree closely follows the foregoing account of the family 
down to William Digby, the 14 th in descent, but, instead of representing 
him as dying childless, assigns to him two wives, and issue by both of 
them. By his second wife, Helen Roper, he is said to have had two sons 
and three daughters, viz : 

"William [26], who died without issue ; 

27 "Lebb&?cs a5] (the name of his grandfather's brother ; and more than 

once repeated in the family) ; 

"Marjery, a6] who married: i 8t , Thomas Mulsho of Thingdon, and, 
2 dly , Richard Clifford of the county of Kent ; 

29 "Isabella™ who married Sir Brian Lascelles, Knt., and another 

daughter, whose Christian name is not given, who married Mr. Field. 


" It would be wrong not to point out, just here, that a little doubt is 
thrown on the entire accuracy of the details in this pedigree by the fact 
that, in the Lascelles pedigrees in the Visitations of Leicestershire and 
Nottinghamshire, Sir Brian Lascelles is said to marry Isabella daughter of 
Sir Edward Montague by his third wife Helen Roper. The same state- 
ment is made in all the accounts in the peerages of the family of the 
Dukes of Manchester. The latter no doubt is based on the former. It is 
easy, however, to understand how she may have been erroneously repre- 
sented to the Heralds. If the daughter of William Digby, she was also 
the daughter of Lady Montague, and so daughter-in-law, or step-daughter, 
of her second husband Sir Edward Montague. It is easy to see how the 
error, if it was one, may have thus arisen. 

"At all events, the Digby pedigree in question names William as the 
eldest son of William Digby by Helen Roper, afterwards Lady Montague, 
and this accounts perfectly for the fact that she named him as her general 
heir and executor, instead of John, who was named by his grandfather as 
son and heir of his son William, but who was only her step-son. 

"Another discrepancy in the Digby pedigree in question must not 
be overlooked. It represents Helen Roper, wife of William Digby, 
as 'daughter of John Roper, Attorney General, etc., and widow of 
Sir Edward Montague, Kt,' This is absolutely wrong, as William Digby 
was dead in 1529, and Sir Edward Montague did not die until the 10 th of 
January 1556-7. Whoever constructed this portion of the pedigree 
evidently had the fact that she had been the wife of both husbands, but 
did not know which was the first. The entire absence of dates, even that 
of the death of William Digby, shows that even then little was known 
accurately about this portion of the family. 

" But the important feature of this pedigree is that it assigns to 
William Digby a former wife, viz : ' Rose daughter and heir of William 
Perwich of Lubenham in the county of Leicester, Esquire,' whose arms 
are given as Gules a cross moline Or ; and [says] that he had by her two 

30 sons, John [25] and Simon ; [15] and also that John, the eldest son and heir, 

31 married a daughter of ■ Parr, and had a son William™ who married 

Truth Terwit. 

" In the Heralds' Visitation of Leicestershire, 161 9, is recorded the 
pedigree of Perwich, Prestwith, or Prestwich (it is so variously spelt in the 


pedigree) of Lubenham, by which it appears that William Prestwith, 
eldest son of John Prestwith, married a daughter of Sir Thomas Poultney, 
and had issue an only daughter and heir, Rose, who married William Digby, 
and had two sons, John [25] and Simon [30]. As the Digby pedigree at 
Sherborne follows this precisely, it may be fairly questioned whether the 
compiler may not have arbitrarily assumed that this William Digby was the 
son of Sir John Digby, and so have given him a first wife without any 
other authority. Against this theory, however, I think I can raise three 
important objections, and, as I desire to discuss this matter fairly and 
judicially, I will here present them : 

" i st . We already know, from Sir John Digby's will, that his son 
William left a son and heir John ; and it is presumable from the will of 
Lady Montague that he was not her son, as she made her son William her 
general heir and executor. This presumption is, I think, strengthened by 
the language of Sir John's will. He did not say that after her death the 
remainder was to go to her son John, but to 'John Digby, son and heir of 
my late son William.' If her son also, why not have said simply ' to her 
son John Digby ' ? Under the circumstances, the peculiar phraseology 
used seems significant. 

" 2 dly . Two of the witnesses to Lady Montague's will in 1563 were 
Simon Montague and Simon Digby. Simon Montague was her own son 
by her second husband, without doubt, as that was the name of one of her 
sons by Sir Edward Montague. But who was Simon Digby ? Not her 

32 first husband's brother Simon, tl4] for he was already dead. I have his will, 

33 proved in 1560, three years before. He left a son Si??ion, m] it is true, but 
there seems no reason why he should have been summoned to witness the 
will of Lady Montague, who was living in a distant part of the country, 
and much more likely that it should have been her step-son. The latter 
had been brought up as her son, and was closely allied to her, while the 
former was in no way related to her, but was simply her first husband's 

" Finally, and most important, I think, of all, Sir John Digby in his 
will leaves a bequest to a priest to pray for the souls of his grandfather 
and grandmother, his father and mother, John Bellers, William Digby, 
John Stirley, Roos Digby, and Parnell Ashby, and their children. Some 
of these I do not identify, but I can find no Roos Digby in the pedigree 


at any period ; and there can, I think, be little if any doubt that Roos was 
either a clerical error in transcribing, or a corruption, and that the name 
was Rose. If so, the testimony is most important. 

"Assuming the authenticity of the pedigree at Sherborne, we return 
to the second son of William Digby, by his first wife, Rose Perwich, 
viz : 

" XV. Simon [30] Digby. The pedigree states that he was of 
' Beadell ' in the county of Rutland, and married Anne daughter of 

34 Reginald Grey [of York], by whom he had two sons, Roland™ 

35 [Rowland] and Everard™ 
" Of Roland it is stated that he married Jane daughter of Henry 

36 Clapham, by whom he had two daughters, Frances™ who mar- 
2,7 ried William Wright, and Mary™ who married John Baptist of 


"Of the second son, viz: 

"XVI. Everard [35] Digby, the Sherborne pedigree states that he 
married Katherine daughter of ' M" (i.e. Magistri=Mr.) Stockbridge de 
Vandershaff, Theuber de Newkirk,'" and had an only daughter and 
heir, viz : 
38 "XVII. Elizabeth™ who married ' Lyne.' 

" I should add that the pedigree of Digby in Harleian MS. No. 1364 
is clearly a transcript of that portion of the Sherborne pedigree which 
relates to Sir John Digby of Kettleby and his descendants. That in 
Nichols's Leicestershire was evidently a somewhat incorrect transcript 
either from the Harleian MS. or from the original itself. . . ." 

"London, 29 th January 1881, 

"Joseph Lemuel Chester." 

We append here an exact copy of that part of the Sherborne pedigree 
of Digby which was sent to us by the late George Digby Wingfield 
Digby Esq., covering the steps of descent chiefly discussed by Col. Chester : 

See note 7, p. 431. 


" Digby of Kettleby 
Johannes Digby of Kettleby, miles=Catharina Bria Digby soror 

and marescal dus tpe H. 7., Vice-Comes 
VVarwici & Leic. i st and 27 th H. 7. 
obiit 1533, 25 H. 8. 

Thomas Griffin of Bray Brooke Castel 
in Com. Northampton, Ux. i a 

William Digby de Kettleby = Rosa, uxor i st , filia et haeres 
et de Lubenham, armiger, filius I William Pervvick of Lubenham, Leic. 
primogenitus et haeres armigeri, A° 21 H. 8. 


Simon Digby de Bedall = Annam filia [sic] Reginald Grey 
Com. Rutland armiger in uxorem 


Everardus Digby, Filius=Catharine Filia Majistri Stockbridge 
secundus de Vanderschaff Theuber de Newkirk 

Elizabeth Digby, filia et haeres 

nupta Lyne " 

" That is all the pedigree contains." 

Our record of the direct ancestry of Elizabeth Digby will be com- 
pleted by a brief notice of Simon [30] Digby of Bedale, her grandfather. 
He " held the castle and manor of Bedale, previously in the possession 
of the Fitz-Alans ; but lost his estates by attainder ... for having 
been implicated in the great rebellion of 1569," to liberate the Queen of 
Scots and reestablish the old Catholicism of the realm, "and was executed 
for high treason in March 1570." 28 A full and very interesting narrative of 
this rebellion, and of Queen Elizabeth's treatment of the rebels, with a 
special view to the enlargement of her exchequer, is given by Froude. 
The name of Simon Digby is not mentioned by that historian ; but he was 
one of the four who are referred to in the following: 

" The turn of those came next who- had property to be escheated, and who were 
therefore to be dealt with less precipitately. 

The Diaries, ut supra, p. 


"a Special Commission sat at York, and the trials began. The most important 
of the prisoners were carried to London, that their examinations might be taken by 
the Council before their execution. Of the rest a number of gentlemen wene tried, 
of whom eleven were found guilty. Four of these were immediately put to death ; 
seven were recommended to mercy for reasons which might not have been antici- 
pated, but which, when mentioned, became intelligible." 3 " 

Farther particulars are to be found in the " Calendar of State Papers," 
in a report made to Sir William Cecil by Thomas Earl of Sussex and 
others, of March 24, 1570, in which they say : 

" Since our arrival we have indicted such rebels as have lands, and be either out 
of the realm, in prison, or have not appeared before us ; also a few who have no 
lands, so as to prevent them aiding those who have, in fraudulently conveying lands 
away. We held this course for the more benefit to Her Majesty. . . . 

"There are 12 persons condemned whose names are in the enclosed bill : four were 
executed to-day, as appointed for the first execution, and seven respited under colour 
of a second execution, until Her Majesty's pleasure is known. . . . 

"All the principal conspirators are fled, and those apprehended have been but 
followers of others, and never privy to the conspiracies, which moves us rather to 
pity, and causes the country to expect mercy. 

"Enclosing : List of four rebels, Simon Digby, John Fulthorp, Rob. Pennyman and 
Thos. Bishop, executed ; and of seven respited, with the reasons therefor. . . ." s ° 

The reasons given for the respite leave one to infer that the prompt 
execution of the four was due to their being richer, and therefore for their 
purpose more available, than the others. Reference is also made to our 
Simon Digby in a letter of Sir Geo. Bown, Knight Marshal under the 
Earl of Sussex, to Sir William Cecil, of October 1, 1570, noted in the 
" Calendar of State Papers " in these words : 

"Truth and conscience move me to show you the good dealing of Rowland [34] 
Digby, son and heir of Simon Digby convicted for the late rebellion. He was 

29 History of England. . . . 
and pp. 494-602. 

80 Calendar of State Papers. D 
1871, pp. 261-62. 

By James Anthony Froude. . . . New York, 1867, ix. 571-72 ; 
Series. . . . Addenda. 1566-1579. . . . London, 


formerly my servant, 31 but forced away by his father for religion ; but his duty towards 
Her Majesty and honesty to me were such that, when he saw his father adhere to 
the rebels, he stole from him, and came to me at Barnard Castle, where he served 
truly to the end ; his father having by his conviction forfeited his whole estate, this 
poor man intends to sue for relief. Pray help him." " 

A proper pride of ancestry is not only pleased with the distinctions 
belonging to direct progenitors, and to near kindred of one's own time, 
but delights, also, in the fame and honors of collateral relatives, whether of 
the past or present. We might, therefore, properly transfer to these pages 
many biographical portraits of eminent men, more or less nearly related to 
our Elizabeth Digby, which have been cherished as heirlooms in the Digby 
family, and have also had a conspicuous place in the gallery of national 
history. But we have selected for this memorial only five portraits, and 
shall specially speak of only three members of the family. The three 
relatives of our Elizabeth Digby whose lives and characters we single 
out for special notice were all of them her cotemporaries ; and the events 
of the time with which their lives were interwoven must have been 
watched by her with deep interest, not only because of her relationship to 
those actors of the time, but also because of her own social position as an 
intelligent lady of high family and because of her religious sympathies. 
Let us, then, briefly survey the historical scenes which surrounded her birth, 
or passed before her eyes during the eighty-five years of her life. At her 
birth Queen Elizabeth was still on the throne ; and the memory of the 
beheading of her grandfather Simon of Bedale, only fourteen years before 
she was born, and the confiscation of his estates, must have been an early 
cloud upon her prospects. She was a year old when Sir Walter Raleigh 
gave its name to Virginia, in honor of his maiden-sovereign, and opened 
that part of the American seaboard to colonization, though Jamestown was 
not settled till twenty-two years later. When she was a child of five years 

31 A relic of the feudal custom of Knightl)' service. 
*' Calendar of State Papers, ut supra, p. 321. 


the Spanish Armada was shattered and dispersed, by the winds of Heaven 
aiding the prowess of English and Dutch ; while, the United Provinces of 
the Low Countries having secured their liberty and independence, by the 
Union of Utrecht in 1579, a place of refuge was opened for religious and 
political refugees from other lands ; and became the nursery to her, in her 
youth, of those religious principles which, notwithstanding the bias towards 
the opposite side through her paternal ancestry, she had inherited from her 
Protestant mother. Only a few years after her marriage occurred the 
emigration to New England, from Holland, of the Pilgrims of Plymouth. 
Meanwhile, in the second year of the seventeenth century, Queen Elizabeth 
had been succeeded by her cousin James the First, pedantic, bigoted and 
ambitious for his family. The marriage of his daughter Elizabeth, after- 
wards known as Queen of Bohemia, to the Prince Palatine laid the 
foundation of a new line of succession to the English throne ; and his 
son Charles, winning the hand of Henrietta Maria, daughter of Henry the 
Fourth of France (after the abandonment of the Spanish match), for a 
time brought England and France into close relations of amity. But new 
plots were formed at home, with foreign aid, for the overthrow of James's 
sovereignty, in the interest of the Papacy ; for being concerned in which 
Sir Everard Digby, the noble young cousin of Elizabeth Digby, lost his 
life. As our Elizabeth Digby had grown to womanhood she must have 
followed, with deep interest, the ever changing phases of the religious wars 
by which France was at that time rent ; to which soon succeeded the 
great Civil war in England. Her son Simon was just coming to manhood 
when Charles I. was at the extremity of his fortunes ; and her relative 
the first Earl of Bristol pledged the loyalty of this young scion of nobility 
to his sovereign so firmly that he remained, all his life, loyal to the British 
Crown, even in the atmosphere of New England, which was usually so 
weakening to old attachments. In 1648, when Elizabeth Digby was over 
sixty years of age, she had the pleasure to see the end of the Thirty Years 
War. The whole Protectorate of Cromwell passed before her eyes ; and 
the Restoration came when she was growing old. Her place of residence 


in London as a widow, was, as we have seen, in Buttolph lane (see p. 367) ; 
and she had undoubtedly lived there during the lifetime of her husband. 
This brought her into the immediate neighborhood of some of the highest 
nobility of England, and so facilitated her knowledge of public affairs of her 
time. This slight sketch of the great events of Elizabeth Digby's time may 
assist to a better understanding of the parts taken in public affairs by her 
three relatives whose lives and characters we shall now attempt to portray. 
39 Sir Everard [16] who suffered for being implicated in the Gunpowder 

Plot, was of the same generation as Everard the father of our Elizabeth, 
and his third cousin, as shown by the JJctJCgrCC Of Utgflg accompanying 
this monograph. We shall first give a portrait of that pure-minded, true, 
warm-hearted, unselfish and most knightly young scion of the Digby race. 
Sir Everard's father had a university-education at St. John's College, 
Cambridge, and was a man of learning, as well as of independent fortune ; 
but died when the son, born about 1581, was about eleven years old. The 
son was educated with great care. Upon his father's death, he came 
"under the tuition of some Popish Priests," but he did not profess 
Catholicism until after his marriage. No influences from his wife's side, 
however, contributed to his conversion, though, having been separately 
converted, the husband and wife afterwards heartily sympathized in their 
new faith. He was carried away by the force of friendship acting upon 
his susceptible nature, at a time when he had fallen sick in London. He 
had "inherited a large estate, and had married a lady who was sole heiress 
to all her father's property." Of a family distinguished for " beauty and 
dignity of person " — traits which have descended with the blood even to 
the present day, both in England and America — he was remarkably hand- 
some, of a commanding figure, and "comely and manlike" countenance, 
expert in all manly exercises, "extreamely modest and affable," and became 
"justly reputed one of the finest Gentlemen in England." 

". . . those who were well acquainted with him do affirm that in gifts of mind 
he excelled much more than in his natural parts ... of wisdom he had an 


extraordinary talent, such a judicial wit, and so able to discern and discourse of any 
matter as truly I have heard many say they have not seen the like of a young man, 
and that his carriage and manner of discourse were more like to a grave Councillor 
of State than to a gallant of the Court as he was. . . . And though his behaviour 
were courteous to all, and offensive to none, yet was he a man of great courage and 
of noted valour." 

After his religious life began, he is said to have been studious to turn 
the current of ordinary conversation into profitable channels, diverting 
from talk that " did tend to any evil." He was first introduced at Court 
in the time of Queen Elizabeth, who took much notice of him. On the 
accession of James I. he appeared again at Court, being then a professed 
Catholic, and received the honor of knighthood. 

It is not surprising that the countenance and aid of a youth of such 
promise, endowed with all engaging qualities of mind, character and fortune, 
should have been desired and sought for by those who planned the Plot 
for the interests of their religion. Certain it is that no motives of ambition, 
no regard to any thing but the voice of conscience, however led astray, 
influenced him. 

" Yea," said he, when near his end, " in respect of this cause I little regard, or 
rather I could be well content both to offer, my life and fortune, and also to have my 
posterity rooted out forever ;" 

and again, writing to his wife from the Tower, he said : 

" Now, for my intention let me tell you that, if I had thought there had been the 
least sin in the plot, I would not have been of it for all the world, and no other cause 
drew me to hazard my fortune and life but zeal to God's religion." 

He made great provision of armor and shot, and furnished men and 
horses, beside a large contribution of coin. The special part assigned to 
him was to get possession of the person of the Princess Elizabeth, daughter 
of James ist, whom the conspirators designed to proclaim heir-apparent to 
the Crown. 


The story of the Gunpowder Plot is too familiar to be repeated. We 
only refer to the closing scene, on the 30 th of January, 1605-06, in St. Paul's 
Churchyard, for the sake of some farther touches illustrative of Sir Everard 
Digby's character : 

" When he was first brought up to the scaffold, after he had commended himself 
to God, being wished, as the custom is, to acknowledge his treason for which he died, 
he did accordingly acknowledge the fact intended, according to his judgment, but 
withal he declared that his motives were no evil will to any, nor any love to himself 
for worldly respects, but the ending of persecution of Catholics, the good of souls, 
and the cause of religion. In which regard he could not condemn himself of any 
offence to God, though he granted he had offended the laws of the realm, for which 
he asked their pardon, and was willing to suffer death, and thought nothing too 
much to suffer for those respects which had moved him to that enterprise. . . . 

"And, when he had done, he stood up and saluted all the noblemen and gentle- 
men that stood upon the scaffold, every one according to his estate . . . but to 
all in so friendly and so cheerful a manner as they afterwards said he seemed so free 
from fear of death as that he showed no feeling at all of any passion therein, but took 
his leave of them as he was wont to do when he went from the Court, or out of the 
city to his own house in the country ; yet withal he showed so great devotion of 
mind, so much fervour and humility in his prayers, and so great confidence in God, 
as that very many said they made no doubt but his soul was happy, and wished them- 
selves might die in the like state of mind." 

He died at about the age of twenty-four. Protestant and Roman 
Catholic authorities agree in representing Sir Everard Digby as a rarely 
noble young man. Hume says : " Digby himself was as highly esteemed 
and beloved as any man in England." 33 Sir Everard was three years older 
than Elizabeth (Digby) Lynde. She was twenty-one years old when he 
was put to death, and while, as a Protestant, she abhorred the Plot in which 
he engaged, a family-feeling and his own noble traits must have given her 
a personal sympathy for him in his misguided course. 

33 Biographia Britannica. . . . London, betw. 1748 and 1757, iii. 1696-1701; and The Condition 
of Catholics under James I. Father Gerard's Narrative of the Gunpowder Plot. Edited, with his 
life, by John Morris. . . . London, 1871, pp. cl— lii. 11, 88, 90, 205, 213-18. Hume's Hist, of England. 
. . . London, 1848, iv. 248. 


40, 41 Sir Everard Digby left two sons, Renelm 11 and John, 11 both in their 

infancy. The elder of these, who became " the age's wonder," will be the 
subject of our second sketch. An essayist of our own country and time 
has well said : 

"One of the most attractive figures visible on that imaginary line where the eve 
of chivalry and the dawn of science unite to form a mysterious yet beautiful twilight, 
is that of Sir Kenelm Digby. . . . Bravery, devotion to the sex, and a thirst for 
glory, nobleness of disposition and grace of manner, traditional qualities of the 
genuine cavalier, signalized Sir Kenelm, no less than an ardent love of knowledge, a 
habitude of speculation and literary accomplishment ; but his courage and his 
gallantry partook of the poetic enthusiasm of the days of Bayard, and his opinions 
and researches were something akin to those of the alchemists." 34 

He was born in 1603. For some years after his father's death the 
effect of the attainder on his right to the paternal estates was questioned 
by the Crown ; but a legal decision in his favor was rendered in 16 10. In 
161 7 he went abroad, and is believed to have "stayed some considerable 
time in Spain." He is said to have been absent about "seven or eight 
months." Considering that he was but a boy at this time, and that his 
relative Sir John Digby, afterwards Earl of Bristol, left England for Spain, 
as we are told, with reference to the Spanish match, in August 161 7, and 
returned in April 161 8 — an interval of just eight months — it seems highly 
probable that the young Kenelm went to Spain, at this time, in company 
with Sir John. On his return, "about 1618," he was entered at Gloucester 
Hall, now Worcester College, Oxford, and remained there between two 
and three years. Some time during his early days, forsaking the religious 
faith which made a part of his inheritance, doubtless in opposition to his 
mother's wishes and persuasions, he became a member of the Church of 
England ; this change may be referred, with much plausibility, to the 
period of his residence at Oxford. While there he had already acquired 
the reputation of being "a very extraordinary person." But, instead of 

04 Essays Biographical and Critical. 

■ Henry T. Tuckerman. 

. Boston, 1857, p. 75. 


staying to take a degree, he went abroad again in 1620, and " made the 
tour" of France, Italy and Spain till 1623, when he returned for the 
second time to his native country, was presented to the King, received 
knighthood, and about the same time was appointed Gentleman of the 
Privy Chamber to the Prince of Wales. His second visit to Spain had 
been contemporaneous with the "stolen, match-making visit" of Prince 
Charles and the Duke of Buckingham to the Spanish Court, and he 
became a member of the Prince's suite, and landed with him on his return. 
Meanwhile, even so early as before his second journey on the Conti- 
nent, his affections had been engaged by the lady, of illustrious lineage 
and no less pre-eminent beauty of person and fascination of mind and 
manners, though not of unquestioned reputation, who was to become his 
wife f but his mother discountenanced the attachment. This, perhaps, in 
part explains, the fact that his university-career was prematurely ended. 
His mother, however, may have favored the interruption of his studies in 
the hope that foreign travel would bring him back to the church of his 

" The hereditary good looks of the father were scarcely less conspicuous in the 
son, and in the latter, to a stature almost gigantic, there was added a winning voice, 
'a flowing courtesy and civility, and such a volubility of language as surprised and 
delighted.' Gifted with such qualities, and endowed with many of the dispositions 
which are most attractive in youth, sensitive in honour, and unquestionable in 
courage, it is not surprising that at an early age he became a subject of the tender 
passion." 39 

There is "an exquisite portrait of Sir Kenelm Digby supposed to be 
by Van Dyke . . . in the Picture Gallery," which, "having recently 
been cleaned and covered with plate glass, appears once more in all the 
freshness of its original perfection." 31 

K She was a Stanley, of the house of the Earls of Derby, on her father's side, and a Percy of North- 
umberland by right of her mother. 

36 Preface to Bruce's edition of Sir Kenelm Digby's Journal of a Voyage into the Mediterranean, 
p. xx., where the editor quotes from Clarendon's Autobiography. 

37 The Annals of the Bodleian Library, Oxford, 186S, by Rev. William Dunnmacray, M.A. 


The story of his courtship may be passed over. It is sufficient to say 
that some time between 1623 and 1626 a private marriage took place; 
after which the next few years of his life seem to have been given up to 
domestic pleasures — so much so, indeed, that the Earl of Bristol (whom, 
however, he served as intermediary with Buckingham in the first year of 
Charles I.), is said to have remonstrated with him for thus disappointing 
the expectations of his friends. This led to his undertaking a privateer- 
expedition to the Mediterranean in 1628, of which his journal has been 
published by the Camden Society. 88 

"Some disputes having happened with the Venetians in the Mediterranean, by 
which the English trade suffered, as well as by the depredations committed by the 
Algerines, Sir Kenelme Digby sailed with a small squadron thither in the summer of 
1628, took several armed vessels belonging to the Infidels, setting the English slaves 
that were on board at liberty ; and on the 16 th of June, having gained a considerable 
victory with a very inferior force, he likewise brought the Venetians to reason ; so 
that, as he left England with a very high character as a Scholar, he returned to it 
with no less credit as a gallant Soldier and a wise Commander,"" 

He came home in the winter of 1628-29. About this time he pre- 
sented to the Bodleian Library a valuable collection of books and manu- 
scripts which had been bequeathed to him by Mr. Thomas Allen, " one of 
the most learned men of the times, who had had the direction of his 
education at the University." After 1632 he was again in France, and 
" began to have some religious scruples, occasioned, as it is supposed, by the 
vigorous sollicitations of several zealous Ecclesiasticks of the first rank," 40 

88 Journal of a Voyage into the Mediterranean by Sir Kenelm Digby, A. D. 1628. Edited . . . 
by John Bruce . . . Printed for the Camden Society, 1868. 

39 Biogr. Britan., ut supra, iii. 1703. This book and Bruce's Preface above referred to are our chief 
authorities. We have also used Private Memoirs of Sir Kenelm Digby. . . . Written by himself. 
Now first published . . . London, 1827 — a narrative, however, without dates, and half-fabulous. 

40 Mr. Bruce infers, from a conversation between the Earl of Bristol and Sir Kenelm in Spain, 
related in the tatter's Private Memoirs, that Sir Kenelm had always been a Catholic up to 1623 ; but that 

may have taken place in 1617-18 — see Private Memoirs, ut supra, pp. 172-81. 


which led to his re-conversion to the Roman Catholic faith, in 1636, after 
about two years of special reading with reference to the subject. 

On his cruise in the Mediterranean an obscure passage in Spencer's 
" Faery Queen " had been discussed between him and one of his captains. 
Digby proposed an explanation, which he wrote out at sea, and afterwards 
published under the title: "Observations on the 22 d Stanza in the ninth 
Canto of the 2 a Book of Spencer's Fairy Queen, London, 1643." His 
re-conversion was the occasion of two other writings of his : "A Confer- 
ence with a Lady about Choice of Religion, Paris, 1638," published in 
London in 1654; and "Letters between the Lord George Digby and 
Sir Kenelme Digby, Knight, concerning Religion," published thirteen 
years later in London. His correspondent in these letters was a son of 
the Earl of Bristol, who afterward succeeded to that title, a cousin of 
Sir Kenelm (see below). 

When the Civil War had begun, Sir Kenelm was imprisoned by 
Parliament in Winchester House; but he obtained his release in 1643, 
through the interposition of the Queen Dowager of France, widow of 
Henry IV.; and then went to France, to tender his acknowledgments to 
Her Majesty, and to await the issue of events at home. The savants of 
France "were charmed with the life and freedom of his conversation." 
He remained in that country most of the following year, devoted to his 
studies, digesting the observations gathered in his extensive travels, and 
maturing his principal philosophical treatises : "A Treatise of the Nature 
of Bodies;" and "A Treatise declaring the Operations and Nature of 
Man's Soul, out of which the Immortality of Reasonable Souls is evinced" 
— both of which were first published in Paris, in 1644. At this time he 
made the acquaintance of Descartes, with whom he is said to have had 
many conferences. The great French philosopher is reported to have first 
recognized him by the charm of his conversation. Sir Kenelm was never 
weary of observing and noting any thing curious in animate or inanimate 
nature, and consequently had much to communicate. But he cannot have 
sympathized with the sceptical principles of the new philosophy ; for he 


himself appears to have been of an over-credulous nature, visionary in his 
expectations of results from scientific inquiry, and withal not without 

He was again in England after the death of Charles I., when it 
appears that he secretly negotiated with the Independents (to use the 
words of a contemporary letter) 

"for the subversion of successive hereditary monarchy there, and to make it 
elective, and to establish Popery there, and to give toleration to all manner of 
religions, except that of the Church of England according to the practice thereof" — " 

that is, he was ready to sacrifice all his political prepossessions and inherited 
sympathies for the sake of his religion. But the Presbyterian faction, 
becoming ascendant, banished him from the kingdom, on peril of his life 
and estate. Thereupon he revisited France and Italy. In France he was 
kindly received by the Queen Dowager of England, Henrietta Maria, 
whose Chancellor he had been made. The establishment of Cromwell's 
Protectorate, however, brought him back to England in 1655 ; and he 
became a "particular favourite" of the Protector, the design to bring in 
Catholicism under the cover of general toleration, just referred to, being 
revived. There is printed among the Thurloe " State Papers " a letter 
from Sir Kenelm Digby to Lord Thurloe, dated Paris, March 18, 1656, 
in which he uses these remarkable words : 

" I make it my businesse every where to have all the world take notice how 
highly I estime myselfe obliged to his highnesse, and how passionate I am for his 
service and for his honor and interests, even to the exposing of my life for them."" 

41 Some observations of his reveal an early knowledge of certain practical applications of science 
which have been supposed to be of quite modern origin. In one of his books he speaks of a deaf-mute 
whom he had met in Spain, who, under the teaching of a Spanish priest, had learned to speak "as dis- 
tinctly as any man whatever ;" and to "hear with his eyes " so perfectly that a whisper across the room 
would be intelligible to him, though inaudible to one standing close by the speaker — Bruce's Preface, 
ut supra, p. xxii.-xxiii. note f. 

42 Biogr. Britan., ut supra, iii. 1709-10, note L. 

43 A Collection of the State Papers of John Thurloe Esq. ... By Thomas Birch. . . . 
London, 1742, iv. 591-92. 


The years from 1656 to 1659 he passed in the South of France and 
in Lower Germany, "conversing with the learned.". The Restoration 
found him returned to England, but not in special favor at Court, his 
religious principles being too openly avowed. He was a member of the 
first Council of the Royal Society, and, as long as his health permitted, 
attended its meetings ; and he contributed, both by his pen and in other 
ways, to the advancement of knowledge. His last days, extending to 
1665, were spent at his house in Covent Garden, where he gathered around 
him a sort of private Academy. 

Elizabeth (Digby) Lynde was nineteen when Sir Kenelm was born. 
She survived him five years, and must have watched with interest the 
varying phases of his remarkable career. 

Here will be in place a somewhat particular description of the volume 
of Digby genealogy, prepared at an expense of ^1200., by order of 
Sir Kenelm, of which important use has been made in a former part of 
this monograph. It is a large folio volume 

"of 589 vellum leaves ; the first 165 ornamented with the coats of arms of the 
family and its allies, and all the tombs of the Digbys then extant, illuminated in the 
richest and most exquisite manner ; the rest of the book is composed of grants, wills 
and variety of other pieces, serving to illustrate the history of the family, drawn from 
the most authentic records." 

This statement is taken from "The Gentleman's Magazine," 44 refer- 
ring to Pennant's "Journey from Chester to London" as authority. An 
earlier number of the same " Magazine " had quoted the following note 
from Hutchins's " History and Antiq. of Dorset :" 

"Sir Joseph Ayloffe, bart, exhibited at the Society of Antiquaries, 1766, a very 
curious pedigree of this family, from the time of Henry I. to 9 Charles I., 1634, in a 
large folio book on vellum, finely illuminated. The series of descents were followed 
by the arms and crests properly blazoned, and these by curious drawings of the 

44 The Gentleman's Magazine. . . . London, 1794. LXIV., Pt. 2, 918-19. 


several monuments of the family, and the portraits and arms in the windows of 
Tilton and other churches ; last of all were the muniments, deeds and charters, 
copied in the handwriting of the originals, with draughts of the seals. This elegant 
MS. is intituled 

"'Digbiorum, ab antiquo loco qui dicebatur Digby in agro Licolniensi denom- 
inatorum, antiquissimae equestris familiae genealogia et prosapia ; e qua regnante 
Henrico 1°, Anglorum rege, floruit vir strenuus Everardus de Tilton in comicatu 
Leicestriae, et de Digby in comitatu predicto ; e quo illustris Kenelmus Digby de 
Tilton predicto, eques auratus, hujus familiae claritate sanguinis consummatissimus, 
originem traxit. Omnia ex publicis regni archivis et privatis ejusdem familiae 
archetypis, ecclesiis, monumentis historicis monasteriorum, et rotulis annorum 
vetustissimis, aliisque reverendae antiquitatis et indubitatae veritatis rebus, maximo 
labore et fide oculati depromuntur, et ad perpetuam rei memoriam hoc ordine 
describi curantur. Anno incarnationis Dominicae MDCXXXIIII.' "" 

The new edition of Hutchins's "Dorset" informs us, farther, of 
the purchase of this magnificent book by the last Earl Digby from 
W. W. E. Wynne Esq., M.P., and his aunt Mrs. Williams of Pembedvv, 
as above related by Col. Chester ; that it is now deposited, for safe keep- 
ing, at Sherborne Castle ; and that it is, for the most part, in excellent 
preservation. 46 

We pass on, now, to our next subject. Sir John (23) Digby of 
Eye-Kettleby, of whom mention has been made, a direct ancestor of our 
Elizabeth Digby, had an elder brother Simon (22). This Simon, after the 
battle of Towton, espoused the cause of the victorious Yorkists, but was 
afterwards one of that band of seven brothers who fought for Henry VII. 
on Bosworth Field. For this service he received large rewards, including 
the office of steward and receiver for the manor of Bedale, co. York ; and, 
having been a commander in the King's army at the battle of Stoke, 

41 Id., p. 7qi; and see Hutchins's History and Antiq. of Dorset, ut supra. 

46 Hutchins's Dorset, ut supra, iv. 476, note***. We must express the hope that this most valuable 
and interesting memorial of the Digbys may be given to the public through the Harleian Society or some 
similar association, or by some amateur of antiquarian lore in the family-circle itself. 


obtained various other grants, among which was that of the lordship of 
Coleshill, co. Warwick ; was Sheriff of Warwick and Leicester in the first 
and ninth years of Henry VIII., and died in the twelfth year of that reign 
(1521). A great grandson of this Simon Digby, of the elder branch in 

42 descent from him, was George, 16 who was knighted at Zutphen in the 

43 Thirty Years War. Sir George's son and heir, Robert, 11 married the 
grandchild and heiress of Gerald Earl of Kildare in Ireland ; and had 

44 Robert 1 * his son and heir, who, " having a fair estate" in Ireland "of his 
mother's inheritance, was by King James created Lord Digby of Geashill 
(his castle there)," which dignity descended to the heirs male of his 
body. 4 ' The succession of Lords Digby will be traced farther on. What 

45 concerns us now is that Sir George Digby's fourth son was John 11 who 
became first Earl of Bristol, the subject of this our third sketch, related 
to our Elizabeth Digby by first cousinship of their great grandfathers. 

John first Earl of Bristol was born in 1580, became a commoner in 
Magdalen College, Oxford, in 1595, and afterwards travelled in France 
and Italy — the finish deemed at that time important to the education of 
every Englishman of family. He took his university-degrees in course. 
The first step in his state-promotion, it is remarkable, was consequent 
upon his being sent to Court by Lord Harrington, guardian of the 
Princess Elizabeth, to inform His Majesty of the intended surprisal of the 
Princess by his own relative the ill-fated Sir Everard. In 1605-06, the 
very year in which Sir Everard expiated his treason in St. Paul's Church- 
yard, John Digby was made Gentleman of the Privy Chamber and Carver 
to His Majesty, and was knighted. Not only "his parts" but "his 
person (for he was a very handsome man) " iS drew to him the attention of 
the King. When the question of the Spanish match came up, " which 

4 ' For these facts see The Baronage of England ... by William Dugdale. . . . London, 
1676, ii. 436-37 ; and The Antiquities of Warwickshire ... by William Dugdale. . . . London, 
1656, pp. 732-33- 

48 Athens: Oxonienses . . . by Anthony A. Wood . . . new ed. London, 1817, iii. 341. 


had the King's heart in it, over-ruled all his counsels, and had a mighty 
influence upon the universal state of Christendom," 49 first with reference to 
Prince Henry, as early as 1607 or 1608 f and later, in 1617-18 and 
1622-23, when Prince Charles was the suitor, Sir John Digby was sent as 
special ambassador into Spain on that business. This employment severely 
taxed his diplomatic powers, and was a severe trial of his character. He 
served a sovereign who was ambitious of winning the reputation of a 
liberal-minded pacificator, together with a high alliance for his family, yet 
withal narrow, pedantic and jealous of his regal dignity ; while the mass of 
the English people were sleeplessly vigilant against encroachments of the 
Papacy, and the Spanish Court was full of intrigue and false dealing. 
The business was farther complicated by the contest going on between 
Catholics and Protestants in Germany — the first mutterings of the Thirty 
Years War — in which King James, on the one hand, was deeply interested 
for the sake of his daughter Elizabeth, married to the Prince Palatine ; 
and the Spanish King, no less, on the other hand, as one of the leaders of 
the House of Austria. The details of Sir John Digby's several missions 
to Spain have been fully recorded and scrutinized in history, 51 and need not 
be recapitulated here. The integrity of his conduct stood the furnace-test 
of an impeachment, in 1626, by his great enemy, the powerful and 
unscrupulous Duke of Buckingham, whom he, in his turn, boldly 
impeached, and dragged down from his high seat of arrogant usurpation 
of authority. Says a late writer : 

" It was quite true that the Spaniards had not intended, if they could help it, to 
marry the Infanta to a Protestant Prince, or to restore the Palatinate to a Protestant 
Elector. But when the new king [Charles] and his favourite, instead of contenting 
themselves with insisting on the correctness of their views, refused to be satisfied 

Historical Collections. ... By John Rushworth 
In a speech in Parliament, introductory to his answer 

. . London, 1721, i. 1. 

charges against him, in 1626, the Earl of 
Bristol said : "about seven or eight and twenty years of my age I was employed Ambassador unto Spain, in 
that great business of the Treaty of the Marriage " — Id., i. 270. 

61 See, especially, Rushworth's Histor. Collections . . . ut supra, i. 1-302. 



with anything short of an acknowledgment that Bristol had allowed his mistake to 
influence his conduct, they were meeting him upon aground upon which he was sure 
to get the better of them." " 

The Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts has very lately 
made public several important papers relative to the negotiation for the 
Spanish match, which are preserved at Sherborne Castle, among which is 
a holograph letter of James I. addressed to the Earl of Bristol, under date 
of October 25, 1622, as " Right trustie and well beloved cosen and coun- 
seller," and saying : 

". . . Wee allso wish you not to trouble yourselfe with the rash sensure of 
other men, in case your busines should not suckceede, resting in that full assurance of 
our justice and wisdome, that wee will never judge a good and faithfull servant by 
the effect of things so contingent and variable, and with this assurance wee bid you 
hartelie farewell." "" 

These great affairs of the day, involving all European nations, carried 
Sir John as Ambassador, also, to Germany, in 1620-21, and again later. 
In 1616 he was made Vice-Chamberlain of His Majesty's Household, and 
one of his Privy Council. On his second return from Spain, in 16 18, he 
was created Baron Digby of Sherborne, co. Dorset, and in 1622 was made 
Earl of Bristol. 

After the death of Buckingham 

" the king retain'd so strict a memory of all that duke's friendships and displeas- 
ures that the earl of Bristol could never recover any admission to court, but liv'd in 
the country, in ease and plenty in his fortune, and in great reputation with all who 
had not an implicit reverence for the court ; and before and in the beginning of the 
parliament appear'd in the head of all the discontented party ; but quickly left them 

" The Earl of Bristol's Defence of his Negotiations in Spain. Edited ... by Samuel Rawson 
Gardiner. Printed for the Camden Society. 1871. Preface, p. xxiv. 

68 Eighth Report of the Royal Commission on Hist. Manuscripts. . . . London, 1881, p. 214. 


when they enter'd upon their unwarrantable violences," and grew so much into their 
disfavour that, after the King was gone to York, upon some expressions he used in the 
house of peers, they committed him to the Tower ; from whence being released, in 
two or three days, he made hast to York to the king, who had before restored him to 
his place in the council and the bedchamber. He was with him at Edgehill, and 
came with him from thence to Oxford. . . ."" 

It interests us, for a special reason, to notice these facts respecting 
the Earl of Bristol's relations to his sovereign. Bearing in mind that 
Simon Lynde, whom he "introduced as a relative to kiss King Charles's 
hand," was eighteen years old in 1642, that is, just about the age when 
young men of family, at that period, were commonly presented at Court, 
we may conjecture very plausibly that Simon Lynde's presentation took 
place at this very crisis in the King's destiny. The Earl of Bristol, restored 
to the royal favor, would naturally desire to manifest his new devotion, 
and to cheer the King's heart, in those troublous times, by every token of 
respect ; and not the least likely to be thought of, or least acceptable to 
the King, would be the presentation of a relative just entering upon 
manhood. " 

64 The following words of dignified advocacy of the chief of the popular measures, tempered by 
loyalty, which were uttered in 1640, in the beginning of the Long Parliament, are a good illustration of 
his sentiments : 

"What Friendship, what Union, can there be so comfortable, so happy, as between a Gracious 
Sovereign and his People? and what greater Misfortune can there be to both, than for them to be kept 
from entercourse, from the means of clearing Misunderstandings, from interchange of mutual Benefits? 

" The People of England cannot open their Ears, their Hearts, their Mouths, nor their Purses, to 
his Majesty but in Parliament. 

" We can neither hear him, nor complain, nor acknowledge, nor give. 

"Let no Man object any derogation from the King's prerogative by it. We do but present the Bill, 
'tis to be made a Law by him ; his Honour, his Power, will be as conspicuous in commanding at once 
that a Parliament shall assemble every third Year, as in commanding a Parliament to be called this or 
that Year. . . . 

"The King out of Parliament hath a limited and circumscribed Jurisdiction, but waited on by his 
Parliament no Monarch of the East is so absolute in dispelling Grievances" — Rushworth's Hist. Coll., 
ut supra, iii. 1352-53. 

" Wood's Athense Oxon., ut supra, iii. 341. 


We close our sketch of John Digby Earl of Bristol with the terse 
description of his person, manners, character and public position by his 
celebrated contemporary the Earl of Clarendon : 

" He was a man of very extraordinary parts by nature and art, and had surely as 
good and excellent an education as any man of that age in any country ; a graceful 
and beautiful person ; of great eloquence and becomingness in his discourse (save 
that sometimes he seemed a little affected), and of so universal a knowledge that he 
never wanted subject for a discourse ; he was equal to a very good part in the 
greatest affair, but the unfittest man alive to conduct it, having an ambition and 
vanity superior to all his other parts, and a confidence peculiar to himself, which 
sometimes intoxicated and transported and exposed him. He had from his youth, 
by the disobligations his family had undergone from the Duke of Buckingham, and 
the great men who succeeded him, and some sharp reprehension himself had met 
with, which obliged him to a country life, contracted a prejudice and ill-will to the 
court ; and so had in the beginning of the parliament engaged himself with that 
party which discovered most aversion from it, with a passion and animosity equal to 
their own, and therefore very acceptable to them. But when he was weary of their 
violent counsels, and withdrew himself from them with some circumstances which 
enough provoked them, and made a reconciliation, and mutual confidence in each 
other for the future, manifestly impossible, he made private and secret offers of his 
service to the king, to whom, in so general a defection of his servants, it could not 
but be very agreeable ; and so his majesty, being satisfied, both in the discoveries he 
made of what had passed, and in his professions for the future, removed him from 
the House of Commons where he had rendered himself marvellously ungracious, and 
called him by writ to the House of Peers, where he did visibly advance the King's 
service, and quickly rendered himself grateful to all those who had not thought too 
well of him before, when he deserved less ; and men were not only pleased with the 
assistance he gave upon all debates, by his judgment and vivacity, but looked upon 
him as one who could derive the King's pleasure to them, and make a lively repre- 
sentation of their good demeanour to the King, which he was very luxuriant in 
promising to do, and officious in doing as much as was just."' 6 

66 The History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England. . . . By Edward Earl of Clarendon. 
A new ed. . . . Oxford [and] Boston, 1827, i. 493-94. 


On the termination of the Civil War, the Earl of Bristol retired to 
France, and was never allowed to return again to his native country, or to 
compound for his estates. He died at Paris in 1652. 

John Earl of Bristol was four years older than Elizabeth (Digby) 
Lynde. They were cotemporaries for sixty-eight years. Probably personal 
friendship, as well as family-motives, led to the Earl's presentation of 
Simon Lynde to kiss King Charles's hand. 

46 He was succeeded in the earldom of Bristol by his son George, 19 a 
man of brilliant parts but of an erratic disposition, who lived fifty-seven 

47 years of his life in the time of Mrs. Lynde. His daughter Diana 19 married 
Rene" de Mol, Baron de Herent, allied to the Van der Lindens, two years 
before her death. We possess excellent photographic copies of old 
portraits of the father and the son, obtained through the courtesy of 
Professor Dexter of Yale. Both portraits — that of the first Earl repre- 
senting him in early manhood— show the "dignity and beauty" character- 
istic of the Digbys. The portrait of the father represents the oval 
face, regular and beautiful features, and the soft, rich colors of the com- 
plexion and hair, which have been known for several generations of 
Elizabeth Digby's family in this country, as the " Lynde beauty." It 
has a remarkable resemblance to some of her descendants. 

The grandson of John first Earl of Bristol, bearing the name of 

48 John 19 who died in 1698, was the last Baron Digby of Sherborne and 
Earl of Bristol. 57 But the barony of Sherborne was revived in 1 765, when 

" Dr. Oliver has kindly sent us, from the Lynde family-papers, a copy of some lines addressed to 
the Earl of Bristol by the first Chief Justice Lynde — imitated from Horace's ode Lib. ii. 20 — which were 
probably written in his youth, and therefore very likely in his father's life-time (d. 1687) as follows : 

" No vulgar genius wings my ambitious mind, 
Born up by strenuous thought and unconfin'd ; 
Humble below I can no longer move, 
The Poet's transports fling the man above ; 
Envy beneath my feet shall gaspingly, 
And with disdain o'er haughty Pride I'll fly ; 



it was given to the line of the Lords Digby, represented by the grandfather 
of that Henry seventh Lord Digby who was the correspondent of the 
second Chief Justice Lynde. As in Sherborne Castle are preserved the 
Digby records which give us our place in that family, and as it was the 
home of George Digby Wingfield Digby Esq., through whose kindness we 
had access to the facts, we give an outline of the history of this lordly 

Osmund, a Norman knight — a devoted servant of William the 
Conqueror — received from Duke William, with other possessions, the 
castle and barony of Sherborne ; but in his later years, recalling to mind 
his career of bloodshed, he resolved to give himself up to a religious life ; 
and, having obtained the bishopric of Sarum, gave Sherborne to that See. 

In Domesday Book Sherborne was held by the Bishop of Salisbury, 
and the property continued in the possession of that See until the time of 
Queen Elizabeth, who, in 1578, obliged the Bishop to lease it to her for 
ninety-nine years. At length, in 1592, the Queen conveyed the estate to 
Sir Walter Raleigh under lease, and later, having obtained the fee from 
the Bishop, gave that to Raleigh. On the condemnation of Raleigh his 

From Earth, thro' Sea and Air, my Course I steer, 

Adieu dear Shoar : hail, hail, the upper Sphere ; 

The meaner blood shall not My Flight restrain, 

The Digby's has Enobled ev'ry vein, 

Nor Time, nor Distance, nor the mixt Alloy, 

Nor a Vast Ocean, Lethe like, destroy 

The small Remains that in these Chanells run 

(The richer Ore perceives Its geneal Sun) — 

Digby inspires my breast with Life all o'er, 

It feels the Force of its Grand Ancestor, 

Reaches at Glory and Imortal Fame, 

Under the noble Umbrage of that Name. 

These lines are of themselves a striking piece of evidence as to the knowledge of Elizabeth (Digby) 
Lynde's grandson of her descent from the noble race of Digby. 



estates were confiscated, but they were afterwards restored to him. In the 
sixth year of James I. that king had Raleigh's title set aside, and gave the 
property to his favorite Carr, who afterwards became Earl of Somerset. 
The Earl, however, lost all his lands by attainder. 

" Then Sir John Digby, now Earl of Bristol, begged Sherborne of the King, and 
had it."" 

In 1 65 1, the Earl of Bristol having fled to France, Mr. Carew Raleigh, 
only son of Sir Walter, made up a case, before a committee of Parliament, 
for recovery of the property, but failed of success. In 1652, however, 
500/. per annum were settled upon him out of the Earl's estate. After 
the Restoration, the property reverted to the See of Salisbury ; but, after- 
wards, again passed to the Digby family. "The manor" of Sherborne 
" now consists of seven thousand acres, and includes all the other manors 
and tithings in the town." 59 

The castle of Sherborne "was built by Roger third Bishop of 
Salisbury, the powerful minister and favourite of Henry I., as is supposed, 
on the site of the ancient palace of the bishops of Sherborne." In 1642 
it was besieged by a Parliamentarian force under the Earl of Bedford, 
brother to the wife of the first Earl of Bristol's son George. It was at 
length taken by Fairfax, in 1645, and fell in to ruin. Sir Walter Raleigh, 
in his day, had begun to repair the castle, but changed his mind, and built, 
in the adjoining park, 

" ' a most fine house, which he beautified with orchards, gardens and groves, of 
such variety and delight that, whether you consider the goodness of the soil, the 
pleasantness of the seat, and other delicacies belonging to it, it is unparalleled by 
any in these parts ;' " 

and here he spent his days of leisure. The middle part of this mansion — 
originally called the Lodge, and now the Castle — was built by Raleigh in 

68 Hutchins's Dorset, ut supra, iv. 213-17, and 216, note a. 

69 Id., iv. 217-21. 


1594, whose arms may be seen on the windows, and on the ceiling of a 
great saloon within. To that were added two wings, after the Restoration, 
by the second Earl of Bristol, "out of the ruins of the Castle." A tourist 
has said : 

" When viewed together with the decorated grounds around it, the fine sheet of 
water, and the hanging woods to the south, the building has a very grand and strik- 
ing effect. The gardens were partly laid out by Brown, and great taste is displayed 
in the management of them, as well as of the park, which is 340 acres in extent. 
The river Yeo or Ivel runs through the latter, and is crossed by a handsome stone 
bridge of three arches, built by Milne. North of the lodge, but within the grounds, 
stand the remains of Sherborne Castle." 80 . 

In the present castle there are many original portraits of members of 
the Digby family, and other persons of distinction, including John Digby 
first Earl of Bristol, half-length, standing ; George Digby his son, second 
Earl of Bristol, with his brother-in-law William fifth Earl, and first 
Duke, of Bedford, life-size, full length ; and Sir Kenelm Digby with the 
Lady Venetia his wife, and their sons Kenelm and John, life-size, three- 
quarters' length — all supposed to have been painted by Vandyke, and of 
which we have photograph-copies. 61 

The first Lord Digby was Robert (44), son of Sir Robert by Lettice 
heiress of the Earl of Kildare, who was created Baron Digby of Geashill 
in Ireland, by James I. in 1620; and died in 1642 (see above). He "was 
a leading man in the Irish House of Peers." His son and heir, by Sarah 

49 daughter of Richard Boyle Earl of Cork, was Kildare}* who married 
Mary daughter of Robert Gardiner Esq. of London, and died in 1661, 
leaving three sons who successively inherited the lordships. The eldest 

50 of these sons was Robert,™ who died early, unmarried. The next was 

51 Simon,™ who married, but, dying in his twenty-eighth year, left only a 

52 daughter. The third was William,™ who married Jane daughter of 

60 Id., iv. 265-79. 

61 Id., iv. 279. 

53 f 0ti e=3L|?ntrr 

Edward Noel Earl of Gainsborough by Elizabeth daughter of the second 
Earl of Southampton (sister and co-heiress with Rachel Lady Russell). 
He " was a nobleman of great honour, virtue and piety," commonly called 
the "good Lord Digby ;" he died in 1752, aged ninety-two years, "full 
of days and full of honour." On the death of the last Earl of Bristol, in 
1698, his estates passed to this Lord Digby as the Earl's next of kin (his 
second cousin once removed). He had three sons, but they all died before 
their father, the two elder ones without children. His successor, therefore, 
as sixth Lord Digby, was his grandson Edzvard 22 who married, but died 
without children, in 1757. Thereupon succeeded to the lordship, and to 
the inheritance of Sherborne, Henry, 22 seventh Lord Digby, the corres- 
pondent of the second Chief Justice Lynde, who was created Baron Digby 
of Sherborne in 1765, Earl in 1790, and died in 1793. He married : first, 
in 1763, and, secondly, in 1770, and left by his second wife a son Edward, 2 * 
second and last Earl Digby, eighth Lord Digby, Baron of Sherborne, who 
died in 1856, in his eighty-third year, unmarried. He had three brothers, 
who all died before him. His only sister who married was " Lady Charlotte 
Maria m] Digby, daughter, and, in her issue, sole heiress of Henry, first 
Earl Digby," the wife of William Wingfield Esq., M.P., whose eldest 
son was George Digby ; 2i who, on the death of his uncle Edward Lord 
Digby in 1856, assumed the name of Digby, and was known as George 
Digby Wingfield Digby. He came into possession of the Sherborne 
property ; while the Digby lordship descended to his second cousin 
Edward St. Vincent 2 ^ eldest son of the eldest son of William 22 Digby, 
Dean of Durham, a brother of Henry seventh Lord Digby, who succeeded 
as Baron Digby the ninth Lord in 1856. He was born in 1809, and 
married, in 1837, Lady Theresa Anna Maria Fox-Strangways, eldest 
daughter of Henry Stephen, third Earl of Ilchester. He now (1889), has 
but recently died, leaving sons to succeed him. 63 







62 Id., iv. 473-76; A Geneal. and Herald. History of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain and Ireland. 
By Sir Bernard Burke. . . . London, 1879, i. 460; Sir Bernard Burke's Diet, of the Peerage and 
Baronetage. . . . London, 1887, p. 419. 


We extract from a newspaper the following notice of this Lord Digby : 


"The late Lord Digby was an extremely fine-looking gentleman of the old 
school. Almost every fine day during the season, especially on Sunday, he took the 
air in the Row, standing six feet four, actually eighty, but looking about sixty years 
of age, his shaggy, white whiskers and Gladstonian collars some inches in front of 
him, and his stalwart figure cased in an old-fashioned frock and half-acre of white 
waistcoat. His family relationships were both numerous and complicated. On one 
hand he was the grandfather of Lord Ashburton ; on the other, the nephew of 
Lord Leicester, who was thirteen years his junior." 63 

George Digby (57) Wingfield Digby Esq., J. P., D. L., from whom, 
as mentioned above, were received communications by one of us in 1880, 
was born June 1st, 1797, and married, in 1824, Lucy Mabella eldest 
daughter of Edward Berkeley Portman Esq., M. P., of Bryanston, Dorset, 
and sister of Viscount Portman. He died May 7th, 1883, at the age of 
60 nearly eighty-six. His next brother Rev. John Digby 24 Wingfield Digby, 

Vicar of Coleshill, Was born nth March, 1799; married, in 1826, 
Ann Eliza eldest daughter of Sir John Wyldbore Smith, Bart., of the 
Down House, Blandford, and died in 1878. His eldest son John Digby 25 
Wingfield Digby Esq. of Blythe Hall, co. Warwick, J. P., was the heir of 
his uncle George Digby Wingfield Digby Esq. He was born in 1832 and 
married, in 1858, Maria eldest daughter of Capt. Frederick Madan, R. N., 
and had a son John Kenelm 26 born in 1859. The "History of Dorset" 
makes "frequent and honorable mention" of Mr. Digby. He restored 
and beautified Sherborne Castle. On the church of Sherborne he 
expended, at one time, over ,£17,000., for the restoration of the choir. 6 * 
" By a deed of gift " he " made over the hill on the south of the town, 
called Dancing Hill, as a place for the exercise and amusement of the 
parishioners for ever." 

63 See, also, what is said of Lord Digby in the letter above quoted from the Private Secretary of 
George Digby Wingfield Digby Esq. 

64 Hutchins's Dorset, ut supra, iv. 256, 279, 281 ; Sir B. Burke's Landed Gentry, ut supra, i. 460. 


He was a gentleman of "the most charming face and manners," as 
his Secretary wrote in a letter quoted entire near the beginning of this 
monograph, a description which is sustained by the photograph of him 
which was enclosed. At that time he was eighty-three years of age. The 
photograph shows the bust only, which is erect, firm and well-proportioned. 
The head is high above the ears, finely formed, and covered with snow- 
white hair. His features are high, regular and handsome. The whole 
effect of his person is stately and commanding. Both in the outlines 
of his face and figure he strongly resembles the portrait of the elder 
Chief Justice Benjamin Lynde. That he was "much pleased at the 
interest taken by a transatlantic cousin in their mutual ancestry" (p. 431), 
and that he gave her the privilege of having examined for her his private 
archives, shows a generous and sympathetic nature. All his transatlantic 
cousins may, like the writer, feel grateful to him, for the information 
obtained was doubly important, as showing the place of our " Elizabeth 
Digby" who "married Lyne" (i. e. Enoch Lynde), in the family- 
pedigree kept in Sherborne Castle ; and as proving that she was her 
father's " heiress," which gave her the right to bear his arms, as we find 
by our family-history they were borne by her, and consequently impaled 
by her husband. 



Arms : Gu. three lion's jambes erased Arg. 

j]OR the ancestry of Mr. John Newdigate, the first of our family 
in this country, father of Mrs. Simon Lynde, we are indebted 
to Capt. Charles Hervey Townshend of New Haven. He 
obtained the facts in England while searching for the lineage of his own 
ancestor Thomas Townsend of Lynn, Mass., 1 who was mentioned by 
John Newgate or Newdigate, in his Will, as his "brother-in-law Thomas 
Townsin of Lin." This clue led Capt. Townshend to search the records 
of the Newgate or Newdigate family living in ancient times near the 
Townshends, to whom he believed himself related, of Norfolk and Suffolk, 
with their principal seat at Raynham, co. Norfolk. Being convinced by 
family-records and traditions, and by the results of his own investigations, 
assisted by English records and by Rev. William Grigson and other local 
antiquaries, that his ancestor Thomas Townsend of Lynn was the Thomas 
mentioned as son of Henry Townshend or Townsend Esq. of Bracon Ash 
Hall, co. Norfolk, and Gedding, co. Suffolk, he laid the results in the hands 
of the late Col. Joseph L Chester, D.C.L., " who had commenced to make 
for him an exhaustive research in the British Archives . . . but just 
as he reached a point that justified his giving a written opinion . . . 
was taken ill and died." In a letter dated London, March 10, 1882 (two 
months before his death), Col. Chester said : 

1 See The Townshend Family. ... By Charles Hervey Townshend. . . . Revised Fourth 
Edition. New Haven . . . 1884, pp. 5-12, 95-105 ; and The New England Historical and Genealog- 
ical Register. . . . Boston, 1879, xxxiii. 57-59- Beside the use of this book, we have been allowed 
the free use of a portfolio of original genealogical notes by Capt. Townshend and his agent in England, 
Rev. William Grigson, from which we have gleaned some particulars not printed hitherto. 


" Of course the main point is the direct affiliation of your emigrant ancestor, 
and so far my impression is that it will have to be accepted on the strength of cir- 
cumstantial rather than positive evidence. I am afraid that no record exists that will 
positively prove it. I cannot, of course, say what may yet be the results of my 
exhaustive researches, but, even if not decisive, I am sure that you will regard with 
some value the expression of my opinion concerning your own theory. I have no 
objection now to say that, so far as my investigations have gone, / see no reason to doubt 
its reasonableness and probable accuracy. I want to substantiate it if I can, and do not 
yet despair of doing so." 

Beginning our notes upon John Newdigate and his family, we will 
first refer to the different spellings of his name. His grandfather and 
father, in their Wills, call themselves, respectively, " Robert Newegate," 
and " Phillip Newegate," as if omitting only the letter "d" from the com- 
plete spelling of the name. In his own Will he calls himself " Newgate ;" 
Savage writes his name "Newgate or Newdigate." In his sale of land in 
Tymworth, four miles N. by E. from Bury St. Edmund's, co. Suffolk, 
Engl., in 1639-40, he is called "Newdigate alias Newgate." In the 
records of the old Lynde Bible of 1595, which belonged to his grandson 
Mr. Simon Lynde (see fLffltflft), he is called " Mr. John Newdigate." 
His son Nathaniel, in his Will, calls himself " Nathaniel Newdigate als. 
Newgate of London." His great grandson the second Chief Justice 
Benjamin Lynde, in the old Lynde pedigree, calls him " Mr. John Newdi- 
gate," and adds of him, as of Enoch Lynde and Elizabeth Digby, 
respectively, "see his," or "her," "arms in margent." Doubtless Justice 
Lynde had a distinct hereditary knowledge of the Newdigate name and 
arms, and was familiar with their use. On searching for his history we 
find that the family to which he belonged in England had called itself for 
many generations " Newgate als. Newdigate." 2 No coat-armor is assigned 
in English heraldry to any family of Newgate, and only one coat is given 

5 Fuller, in his Worthies of England (vol. i. p. 60), says in reference to names in his book : " some- 
times the name is spelt, not truly, according to orthography, but according to the common speaking 
thereof, which melteth out some essential letters, as Becham for Beauchamp." 


to the Newdigates, though there are variations in the crests of different 
branches. If, therefore, our John Newgate or Nevvdigate had a right to 
arms he had also a right to the full name of Newdigate. The researches of 
Capt. Townshend and his assistants, in connection with a Will of Mr. John 
Newdigate, show us that the home of his immediate family was at Great 
Horningsheath in Suffolk, where several preceding generations had lived, 
about forty miles from Holkham in the adjoining county of Norfolk, where 
the Newgates als. Newdigates had been long established. 

The Newgates of Horningsheath, says Capt. Townshend, were 

"a branch of the families of that name who in early times held estates at 
Holkham and in neighboring parishes in the County Norfolk, England." 3 The name 
of Newgate, Gent., is found in Norfolk as early as 1400. " In 1433 a certain William 
Newgate, Gent., is mentioned. Again in 1501 another William Newgate is recorded 
as being seized of a messuage, 200 acres of land, 40 acres pasture, and the appur- 
tenances, in Apton and Apelton in the same county. These estates were enlarged 
by others which came by marriage with the Bedingfield, Congham, Watson and other 
families ; also by grants from the Crown. Charles I. granted Robert Newgate salt 
marshes in Holkham, with power to enclose the same. . . ." 

" In 1659 a certain Edmund Newgate of Holkham sold his estates for ,£3,400. to 
John Coke Esq. of Holkham, ancestor of Earl of Leicester. This Edmund Newgate, 
in 1664, records his pedigree at the College of Arms as Newgate alias Newdigate of 
Wighton, co. Norfolk, where he still held estates." 

There having been but one family of "gentlemen" of the Newdigate 
name in England, it is evident that the Newgates als. Newdigates of 
Norfolk and Suffolk came off, by an early branch, from the ancient family 
of their name first settled in Surrey. 

3 The distance from Horningsheath, co. Suffolk, to Holkham, co. Norfolk, is about forty miles in a 
direct line. Hessett in the diocese of Norwich is six miles E. S. E. from Bury St. Edmund's. Hornings- 
heath is about two miles S. W. from Bury St. Edmund's — Gorton's Topographical Dictionary. Chambers's 
Hist, of Norfolk, vol. 2, p. 567, Note, says : "A Capital Meesuage in Holkham staith with lands in 
Holkham and in East Marches ; they were for many generations in the Possession of the Newgates." 


In Burke's "Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies" 4 we read of these 
Newdigates as follows : 

" This family, variously written, in old charters and upon ancient monuments, 
Niwudgate, Niwodegate, 6 assumed their surname from, or gave the name to, a town 
in the" hundred of Reigate and county of Surrey, of which, with the manors and 
lands thereto pertaining, they were lords and proprietors from time immemorial 
until the reign of Charles I. . . . Sir John Newdegate, having served in the wars 
of Edward III. in France, received the honour of knighthood, and had a fleur-de-lis 
granted to him for a crest." By his marriage, to Joanna daughter and coheir 
of William de Swanland, he acquired the manor of Harefield in Middlesex. In 
1586 the manor of Harefield was exchanged for the estate of Arbury in the county 
of Warwick, where had been recently "erected a quadrangular stone mansion 
upon the site of the dissolved priory of Erdbury, which had been acquired from 
the heirs of Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk." In 1654, Richard Newdigate 
Esq., Serjeant-at-Law, was created a Judge. " Mr. Justice Newdigate incurred the 
displeasure of Cromwell by laying it down at the York assizes . . . that there 
was no law making it treason to levy war against a lord protector ; for this he was 
dismissed, but reinstated and constituted chief justice of the upper bench in 1659. 
On the Restoration he was created a Baronet by King Charles II., 24 th July, 1677." 
His son and heir, the second Baronet, " purchased back, in 1674, the ancient patri- 
mony of his family," the manor of Harefield, " and also added to his possessions the 
castle and manor of Astley and the manor of St. John's, both in Warwickshire." 

Such is a brief sketch of this, doubtless the elder, branch of the ancient 
family of Newdigate, now (1889) represented by Lieut. -Gen. Edward 
Newdigate Newdegate, Governor of Bermuda, the present owner of 
Arbury, co. Warwick, an inheritance carrying with it the additional surname 
of Newdegate ; and by his brother Francis William Newdigate late Lieut. - 
Col. of the Coldstream Guards, formerly of Byrkley Lodge, co. Stafford, now 
of Allesley Park, Coventry, co. Warwick. These gentlemen, who descend 

4 A Geneal. and Heraldic History of the Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies of England, Ireland and 
Scotland. By John Burke Esq. . . . and John Bernard Burke Esq. . . . Second Edition. 
London, 1844, pp. 3S1-83. 

6 " The name came, in all probability, at first, from Saxony, and was derived from the city of 
Nieuweide upon the Rhine." 


from the second Baronet Nevvdigate, are properly Parkers by birth, bearing 
the name and arms of Nevvdigate in compliance with the Will of a collateral 
ancestor. We have received letters, in answer to inquiries, from each of 
these representatives of the old race. Lieut. -Gen. Newdegate writes from 
the Government House at Bermuda (December 23, 1889) as follows : 

" The Mr. John Newdigate you refer to as your ancestor may have been of a 
younger branch of the family from which I am descended. We have a Genealogical 
Pedigree in the Muniment Room, dating from King John to the present time. On 
my return to England, as I hope, next summer, for a short period, I will see if there 
is any mention of the branch of the family which settled in Suffolk. There are none 
now in existence, nor anywhere else, except my own near relations. I am happy to 
enclose you the arms and crest of the Newdigates, printed off from old book-plates, 
in my possession, nearly three hundred years old. . . ." 

From Lieut. -Col. Francis William Newdigate we have received the 

following letter : 

"Allesley Park, Coventry, December 2 d , 1889." 

"Your letter has been forwarded to me here, from Byrkley Lodge, or rather the 
site of it, as I sold the property to Bass the Brewer, who pulled down the old house, 
and is building a palace in its place. This is now my home. Your letter interests 
me much, and I wish I could give you more information. My branch of the family 
is descended from John Newdigate, who married the heiress of Harefield in 1327, and 
has settled in Middlesex and Warwickshire ever since. The other branch, to which 
doubtless your ancestor belonged, remained at Newdigate in Surrey till 1612, when 
the branch became extinct, and the estate alienated. My pedigree does not go back 
beyond the divergence of the two branches, in treating of the other branch, and I 
have no record of a Newdigate having settled in Suffolk, or of there having been a 
Phillip in the family. The subject interests me much, and I shall be happy to buy 
one of the remaining copies, for which I enclose a cheque for what I believe to be 
the equivalent for eighteen dollars. I will make a tracing of our arms for you, but 
can not get it done for this mail, as I am now an old man and slow." 
" I remain yours sincerely, 

" Francis W. Newdigate." 

" P. S. The seal of this letter has our arms correct, only that the 'bloody hand ' 
of Bart, does not now belong to it. This seal belonged to Sir Roger Newdigate.'" 

6 The last Baronet of the name, who died in 1S06. 


Coi. Newdigate sent us soon afterwards his family-arms carefully- 
drawn by himself in the proper colors. 

The drawing of the arms of our correspondents is the same as that 
handed down in our family for the Newdigate coat, described heraldically 
at the head of this monograph, and which are blazoned on the escutcheon 
mentioned at the beginning of our monograph of 2Ll>tliJt t with the 
following note : 

"The middle arms in the upper part of the escutcheon are the arms of my grand- 
mother [i. e. grandmother of the first Chief Justice Lynde] whose maiden-name was 
Hannah Newdigate. She was the daughter of Mr. John Newdigate of Boston and 
Anne his wife. The field is Gules, three bear's paws erased . . ."* 

John Newdigate's arms are again referred to in the title of "armigeri " 
given, as we shall see, to his grandson Nathaniel on the tombstone of his 
wife at Newport, R. I. 

In regard to John Newdigate and his ancestry we give the following 
facts from the Lynde family-papers and Boston public records, and from 
copies of Wills and records obtained by Capt. Townshend in county 
Suffolk, England. 

Mr. John Newdigate, who was of " Boston in New England in 1632," 
as Savage says, 8 and was made a Freeman there in 1634-35, was born, 
according to a record in the old Lynde pedigree by the second Chief 
Justice Benjamin Lynde, " in South\ near y e [London] Bridge." An 
early Will of his, however, dated in 1638, when he was about to return 
to England on a visit, gives to his eldest son "John Newgate all those my 
lands and Tenements lying in Horningheath in the County of Suffolke in 
England, our native Country, To have and to hold the same to him and 

1 We note the error and incompleteness of this description. The paws on the shield in the English 
drawing before us could be easily mistaken for those of a bear, by any person not a naturalist. The 
description of the device and colors which came down from John Newdigate may have been imperfect. 
The mistake and omission show that the description was made from actual arms, not copied from a 
book of heraldry, as in the latter case it would have been made accurate. 

8 Savage's Genealogical Dictionary, iii. 272-73. 


his heires forever " — this, taken together with the reference to Newdigate 
arms in the old Lynde pedigree, which we have noticed in speaking of 
that document, marks the family of John Newdigate as belonging to the 
landed gentry of England, among whom the Newdigates have held a 
distinguished position from time immemorial down to this present day. 

The first direct ancestor of this line whom we can distinctly trace is 
William 1 Newgate, born before 1500, of Ickworth (two and one-half miles 
S. W. from Bury St. Edmund's), whose wife was Katharine, and whose Will 
2,3,4 designates his children as " Robert t2] the Elder," Richard, 2 " Robert [2] the 
5 Younger," and Elizabeth, 2 all "under sixteen the 28 th of September, 1528." 

Elizabeth married John Hande in 1558. "Robert the Elder," so called 
in his Will, "of Great Horningsheath, co. Suffolk, Yeoman," 3 married 

* In the old Wills of the Norfolk Newgate ah. Newdigate family, some of the testators call them- 
selves "gentlemen," while others of the same family and neighborhood call themselves "yeomen." 
We find the same terms used by members of the same Hoo family. " The Yeomanry of England " have 
always been its pride and strongest bulwark. The peasants and descendants of peasants owned 
no land, and had no " stake in the country." Many of the land-owning yeomen were descend- 
ants of younger sons of gentlemen of large estates and commanding positions, whose elder sons bore 
high the family-honors. The younger sons, inheriting younger sons' portions of the family-lands, 
gradually settled into the position of independent yeomen, like their neighbors of similar fortunes, and 
called themselves by that name, in legal documents, as denoting their actual condition. Nevertheless 
they could retain the right to their family-arms and ancient traditions, and their children were eligible to 
marry into heraldic families. Such-was the case with our Newdigates. The daughters of John Newdi- 
gate married into some of the best of the arms-bearing families of Boston, and his only son married in 
England into a family of very high social position. Ever since the impoverishment of the nobility 
and landed gentry of England, in consequence of the Wars of the Roses in the fifteenth century, many 
members of these families, especially of the younger branches, had gone into trade and commerce. 
Many ambitious members of such county-families had gone up to London, for the increase of their 
fortunes, like our John Newdigate ; perhaps his father had done so before him, as he was born in 
the city. 

"Few points seem less investigated than the origin and position of the farmers and merchants of 
England after the cessation of the Wars of the Roses. We find repeated instances of Gentlemen by 
birth engaging in the commerce and manufactures of the larger cities. We find many examples of the 
division of lands, whereby the younger sons of good families became freeholders, and thus dropped 
socially a grade to the rank of Yeomen." From Noble and Gentle Families, by E. P. Shirley. 

We add here an important definition of the somewhat uncertain title of "Yeoman," which we find 
in Sir Edward S. Creasy's History of England, London, 1870, ii. 1 12-13 ■ 


Thomasine , who was buried Dec. 5, 1599. They had children: 

6, 7 Phillipe* Robert? who married Elizabeth Buckinham 10 Feb. 21, 1586 ; and 
Anne, z who married Henry Frost Oct. 4, 1601. Their eldest son, called 
in his Will, dated July 5, 1636, " Phillipe Newegate of the towne of Great 
Horningsheath, County Suffolk, Yeoman," married, December 13, 1578, 
Joane daughter of Gualther (Walter) Hoo of Hessett, co. Suffolk, a large 
landholder and owner in Hessett and Rougham (see flJOO ). He was buried 
August 1, 1636. She was buried October 10, 1620. Their children, so far 
as we can learn from records and Wills, were: 1. John* born at Southwark 
near London Bridge about 1580, our ancestor who went to New England ; 

10 2. Audrey* (or Adrean) i. e. Andrianne, baptized February 25, 1581; 

11 3- John* baptized November 24, 15S3, "maultster" of Bury St. Edmund's, 
co. Suffolk, whose wife was Sarah, and who left property to his brothers, 
John, in New England, and Joseph." His widow married Thomas Frost; 

"We have already had occasion to notice with admiration and gratitude the distinguishing character- 
istics of our early institutions, which secured an equality of civil rights to all commoners, and which 
favoured the maintenance and growth, even in the worst Anglo-Norman times, of a numerous class of 
small land-owners, each of whom held his little patrimony by free though not by military tenure, and 
each of whom had important constitutional functions confided to him, in peace, as an elector and as a 
juror. These are the original yeomanry of England; though, as the practice grew up of free com- 
moners taking and cultivating land on lease, the term ' yeoman ' was applied to this class of agricul- 
turists also." 

10 Buckinham was the name of a good family in the neighborhood of the Newgates. 

11 Capt. Townshend writes : 
"The following abstract of the Will of John Newgate of Bury St. Edmund's, co. Suffolk, England, 

maultster, dated 12 October 1642 . . . proves that our John Newgate had a brother bearing the 
same Christian name, who resided in Bury St. Edmund's. I have often found two . . . brothers 
named John in the same family. [Gualther Hoo had two sons named John.] 

" ' Being of sound mind and perfect remembrance, etc., etc., To be buried at discresion of Executrix. 
To Sarah loving wife the use of house, Lands and other property in Bury St. Edmund's, for life. Then to 
brother Joseph Newgate for life — After decease of said Joseph, Then the same to be and remain unto 
my brother John Newgate, now living resident in the parts beyond the seas called New England and to 
his heirs forever.' 

"All the rest of his movable property to wife Sarah and her heirs forever. 

" Signed, John Newgate." 

We get a suggestion of the kind, sympathizing nature of this remote great-uncle in the Will of 
" Francis Pynner of Bury, Gent.," in 1639, in these words : " Item, in consideracon that John Newgate, 


4. Joseph? baptized December 8, 1585, who died after 1642. The Will of 
Phillipe Newegate bequeaths " to daughter Andrey all my Estate after my 
decease; whom I make Executor." One of the witnesses was John 
Newegate, probably one of her brothers. It is probable that Phillipe 
Newegate had conveyed most of his property in his lifetime, to his eldest 
and perhaps other sons, and that therefore there remained to "daughter 
Andrey," who had no doubt lived at home and taken care of him after the 
death of her mother, whatever estate was left after his decease. Our 
John Newdigate's grandfather and father as well as himself having been 
eldest sons, we may believe that the "lands and tenements" sold in 
Tymworth, near Great Horningsheath, had been inherited from his father 
and earlier ancestors, and that he parted in sorrow with hereditary property 
which none of his race would ever occupy again. 

Robert (7) son of Robert Newegate, brother of Phillipe of 
Horningsheath, had a son William ; 4 and John (9) Newdigate of Boston, 
in his last Will of 1664, gives a legacy "vnto my wife's sister that married 
with William Newgate my Vnckl's sonn," living in London. 

Our knowledge of "Mr. John Newdigate" is founded on such 
isolated facts as could be obtained at a period of more than three hundred 
years after his birth. These facts show us definitely his social position 
both in England and in this country. In England he was a landed pro- 
prietor, a descendant of and connected with heraldic families : but the fuller 
knowledge we have of the circle in which his son Nathaniel Newdigate 
moved gives us a wider view of the station of his family there. Mr. 
Newdigate held a position of dignity and influence in this country, and was 
one of the largest property-owners in and near Boston. We may infer from 
his Will that he was an affectionate husband and father, a kind friend, a 

of Bury St. Edmund, malster, diuers and sondry times hath come and resorted to comfort and conferr 
w ,h me in the time of my sorrowe and heavines, I doe giue and bequeath vnto him the said John 
Newgate the sume of ffoure pounds of lawfull money of England. . . ." — See Wills and Inventories 
from the Registers of the Commissary of Bury St. Edmund's. . . . Ed. by Samuel Tymms, n. p., 
1850, p. 173. 



liberal member of the First Church of Boston, and thoughtful and provident 
in regard to other good objects. He came to Boston, for the first time, 
in 1632, with his third wife and probably six children. He had been 
living in St. Olave parish, near London Bridge, where the records of his 
family are found. His house in Boston was on the west slope of Beacon 
Hill, a little east of Cambridge street." Near him were the houses of 
Mr. Stoughton, Gov. John Leverett, Maj. Edward Gibbons, Rev. John 
Cotton, Gov. Richard Bellingham, Elders Thomas and John Oliver and 
other prominent men. His children married into some of the best families 
of Boston, and his descendants — Lyndes, Winthrops, Bowdoins, Olivers, 
Walters, Temples, Ervings, Valentines and other noted lines — have main- 
tained their hereditary dignity in Massachusetts, and a branch of the Lyndes 
has maintained it in Connecticut. 

In his new home in New England Mr. Newdigate became prominent 
in civil affairs, and liberal with his large wealth. "The Memorial History 
of Boston " mentions that, after the overthrow of the first Charter of 
Massachusetts in 1684, "the inhabitants of the northerly precincts of 
Boston," apprehending that the loss of the Charter might involve the 
reversion of their landed estates to the king, " sought to avert this calam- 
ity," by acquiring title from the native proprietors of the soil ; and that 

" there is still extant the original unrecorded deed of release, dated April 9, 1685, 
from the widow, children and grandchildren of Sagamore George to Simon Lynde, 
for the use of the heirs of John Newgate ' of all that tract of land, meadows and 
marshes situate and lying at or in Rumbley Marish aforesaid, containing about 
four or five hundred acres, be it more or less, commonly known by the name of 

" A memorandum by the first Chief Justice Lynde speaks of this house as "the old house my Grand- 
father Mr. John Newdigate built, standing at the foot easterly of Tremount Hill, where Sister Pordage 
now lives, unto which my father added, in the year 1672, a fair large Structure, in which Mr. James 
Bodvine, who married my niece Hannah Pordage, now Bodovine, lives, my s d Sister with them, and 
have added to the s d house, [and] pul'd down the old house in the year 1730, and in which all we 
children, with several of sister Pordage's grandchildren, were Born ; And there she herself [the Chief 
Justice's mother Hannah (Newdigate) Lynde] dyed 20"' Dec r 1684." 

ttfttotr Urate 

Mr. Newgate's farme, and by him and his heirs and assigns possessed and occupied 
about fifty years past.' " " 

Mr. John Newdigate had three wives : first, Lidia , who died in 

1620; secondly, Thomasine Hayes, whom he married November i, 1620, 
in All Hallows Church, London Wall, and who died in 1625 ; and, thirdly, 

Anne, then a widow Draper, who had been first married to Hunt ; 

and who survived her third husband, dying in 1679. By his first marriage, 
beside two sons and one daughter who died in infancy, he had a 
daughter Elizabeth? baptized January 1, 161 7-18; who married: first, 
Rev. John Oliver, first Minister of Rumney Marsh (Chelsea, Mass.); 
and, secondly, in 1648, Edward Jackson, a merchant of Boston. Her 
first husband was a son of Thomas Oliver, who came to New England 
in 163 1 (or 1632), and was Ruling Elder of the First Church of 
Boston. He was a graduate of Harvard in 1645, and is called by 
Winthrop " a gracious young man, an expert soldier, an excellent surveyor 
of land, and one who, for the sweetness of his disposition, and usefulness 
through a public spirit, was generally beloved and greatly lamented. For 
some few years past he had given up himself to the ministry of the gospel, 
and was become very hopeful that way . . ."" who was "swept away" 
by fever in 1646, when not thirty years of age. In his Will he names his 
"deare and revered ffathers Mr. Tho. Oliver and Mr. John Newgate." 

Savage, while expressing himself doubtful as to the children of John 
Newdigate, says that his eldest child "was probably Joshua who died 
12 Nov. 1658, in Boston," and whose wife Elizabeth is referred to in her 
admission to the church as " daughter-in-law to our sister Ann Newdigate." 
But there is no evidence that our Mr. John Newdigate ever had a son 
named Joshua, though there may have been a Joshua Newdigate of some 

13 The Memorial History of Boston. . . . Ed. by Justin Winsor. . . . Boston, 1882, ii. 375 ; 
comp. History of the United States. ... By George Bancroft. . . . Last Revision. New York, 
1883, i. 592. 

14 Biogr. Sketches of Graduates of Harvard . . . By John Langdon Sibley . . . Cambridge, 
1873, i. 102-06. 


other family who died in Boston in 1658. Mr. John Newdigate, in his 
Will of 1638 (when Joshua was still living) names John as his "eldest 
sonne." We conjecture, therefore, that the husband of Elizabeth " daughter- 
in-law of our sister Ann Newdigate " was Mr. John Newdigate's son 
Joseph (the abbreviation "Jos." might stand for either Joseph or Joshua), 
mentioned in his Will of 1638, but not in that of 1664, to whom he 
bequeathed his " house and ground in the Country called Rumney Marsh 
in N. E., w eb hee shall likewise enter upon and enjoy when he shall come 
to the age of twenty foure yeares." 

By his second marriage Mr. John Newdigate had a daughter Sarah? 
baptized September 23, 162 1, who married Capt. Peter Oliver; and a son 
John, 5 baptized March 25, 1624, who was named in his father's Will of 1638, 
as eldest son, but not in that of 1664, from which we infer that he had died 
before this latter date. Mr. John Newdigate's son-in-law Capt. Peter Oliver 
was a brother of Rev. John Oliver above mentioned. He " was an 
eminent merchant, and one of the founders of the Third Church [and a 
Trustee under Madam Norton's Deeds of gifts of land to that church in 
1669 and 1677]; he died in 1670, the first on the long roll of the Old 
South membership to enter into the fellowship of the ' church of the first 
born ' above. His wife . . . became a member of the Third Church 
in 1674, and died in 1692. " 15 By his third marriage Mr. John Newdigate 
had a son Nathaniel? baptized April 4, 1627; and our Hannah? born 
June 28, 1635. Nathaniel Newdigate became a merchant of London; 
and married Isabella daughter of Richard Lewis Esq. of Ledston, co. York, 
and "heir to a fortune of 20,000 St.," as the old Lynde pedigree says, 
"lost in Chamb 1 ' of Lond ." Her sister Jane, widow of Valentine Crome 
of London, married Sir Frescheville Holies Knt. (son of Gervase Holies 
Esq. the celebrated antiquary and Master of the Requests). Sir Fresche- 

17, 18 

16 History of the Old South Church (Third Church) Boston, 1669-1884. By Hamilton Andrews Hill 
. Boston and New York, 1890, i. 115, 133-34. 



ville greatly distinguished himself in the sea-fight in 1665, for which he was 
knighted. He fell in the naval battle of 1672. 16 

The eldest son and heir of Richard Lewis Esq. was Sir John," created 
Knight and Baronet, who married Sarah daughter of Sir Thomas Foot. 
Sir John had no son. His brother Capt. Edward Lewis was his heir, but 
he did not succeed to the title and large estates. Sir John and Lady Sarah 
Lewis had: 1. Elizabeth Lewis, daughter and coheir, who became the wife 
of Theophilus Hastings seventh Earl of Huntington, and mother of 
George eighth Earl of Huntington ; and 2. Mary Lewis, daughter and 
coheir, who married Robert Earl of Scarsdale. 18 

Joseph* Newdigate, son of Mr. John Newdigate, is named in his 
father's Will of 1638 as not then twenty-four years old, and apparently as 
younger than either John or Nathaniel. We therefore suppose him to 
have been a child of the third marriage. If he was the same person as 
Savage's Joshua Newdigate, who died in Boston November 12, 1658, a 
married man, he was probably born about 1630. 

Mr. John Newdigate died September 4, 1665. We give an abstract 
of an early Will of his, made in expectation of a voyage to England in 
1638, drawn by Thomas Lechford : 

" I John Newgate of Boston in New England, Planter, etc.," to eldest son John 
"all those my lands and Tenements lying in Horningheath in the County of 
Suffolke in England " to him and his heirs forever, wife Anne to have the use and 
profit of the same, until said son attain the age of 24 years, for the education and 
bringing up of him and other children — and said son, after coming into possession, 

16 See The Marriage, Baptismal, and Burial Registers of the Collegiate Church or Abbey of St. Peter, 
Westminster. Edited and annotated by Joseph Lemuel Chester. Private Edition. London, 1876, p. 176. 

11 There was only one Sir John Lewis of Ledston, and Nathaniel Newdigate in his Will calls him, as 
we shall see, his brother-in-law. The old Lynde pedigree errs, therefore, in saying that Nathaniel 
Newdigate married a daughter of Sir John Lewis : Sir John and Isabella (Lewis) Newdigate were 
brother and sister. 

18 Sir Bernard Burke's Diet, of the Peerage and Baronetage. . . . London, 1S87, p. 741; and John 
Burke's and John Bernard Burke's Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies. . . . London, 1844, p. 313. 



to pa} r , out of said lands, 50/. to daughter Sarah, and 50/. to daughter Hannah, when 
21 years old or on day of marriage, in default of which payments said son to lose his 
inheritance of said lands, and to receive therefor the sum of 150/., the rest of proceeds 
of said lands to be divided between other children and wife, etc. — to son Nathaniel 
house in Boston "wherein I now dwell," with ground belonging to it, to him and 
his heirs forever, when he shall attain the age of 24 years. — to son Joseph "my house 
and ground in the Country called Rumney Marsh in N. E.," at the age of 24 years, 
wife to have the use and profit of these two last named houses and grounds, towards, 
the education of said sons Nathaniel and Joseph, until they attain, respectively, the 
age of 24 years; "after my decease," reversion of legacy to any child who may die, 
before possessing, to the survivors. — all the rest of estate to wife, etc. " Provided 
allwayes, and my will is, that, if it shall please God that I live to sell off those lands in 
Suffolke," then to " eldest daughter Elizabeth Oliver" 20/., to son John 150/., and to 
daughters Sarah and Hannah 70/. each, at their ages of 21 years or days of marriage, 
etc. "And, if any of my said Children become stubborne and rebellious against God 
or his Church, or their mother, then such child or children shall have only the 
fourth parte of their respective legacys, etc." "Provided, also, that, if I shall be 
cast away at sea, and all that estate that I shall bring w tb me out of England, then I 
intreate the Church to dispose of that estate I have heere in New England, according 
to their wisdome and discreation unto and amongst my children and my wife," etc. 
"Also, my will is that, if the said estate which I shall have, in England, come over 
into these parts of New England, then I give and bequeath unto Theodore Atkinson, 
my servant, twenty pounds ; but if it shall be lost by the way, by sea or otherwise, 
then only tenne pounds." — wife Anne and John Oliver to be executors. Signed and 
sealed October 23, 1638, before Thomas Savage and Thomas Lechford. 19 

In 1639 John and Anne Newgate sold houses and land in Tymworth 
(Timworth), co. Suffolk, near Bury St. Edmund's. 

Of the last Will and Testament of Mr. Newdigate the following is 
an abstract : 

" I John Newgate of Boston in New England, being sick, make this my last will, 
25 of Nov. 1664." — to wife Anne "farme at Rumly Marsh," with all appertaining 
lands, "my house at Charlestowne," with orchard, and the house "in which I now 
dwell," with appurtenances, "and the house in which my sonne in lawe Simon Linde 

19 From the Collections of the American Antiquarian Society. 



now dwells," with all ground belonging to it, during her natural life, the said Ann 
continuing a widow, and continuing to pay 5/. per an., during her widowhood, to the 
College at Cambridge, " for the security of which payment my said farme is already 
bound and ingaged," etc. — to son Nathaniel said farm and house and ground at 
Charlestown, to him and his heirs, from and after wife's second marriage, or death, 
he and his heirs paying the said annuity to the College at Cambridge, and paying to 
said wife one-third of rent of said farm, during her life, after such marriage. — to son 
in law "Simon Lind " house in Boston "in which I now dwell," with appurte- 
nances, "and my said house in which he the said Lind now dwells, with all the 
ground thereto belonging," to him and his heirs, on death of wife or her second 
marriage, he paying to her, during her life, one-third of the profits thereof, and 
paying also, within six months after having possession, 1 10/. to son-in-law Peter Oliver, 
" that married with my daughter Sarah," and no/, to son-in-law Edward Jackson, 
"that married with my daughter Elizabeth, etc." — to grandchildren John [a] and 
Thomas [S;l Oliver, "sonnesof John Oliver deceased," 10/. each, at the age of 20 years, 
etc. — to all living children of daughter Elizabeth by Edward Jackson 10/. each, to be 
paid either to said Edward or to said Elizabeth, whichever may be living, " within 
one yeare after my decease," to improve for said children until 18 years old or their 
days of marriage. — to all living children of daughter Sarah by Peter Oliver 10/. each, 
etc. — to the child now living of son Nathaniel 10/., etc. — to my brother-in-law 
Thomas Townsin" of Lin 10/. — to wife's sister " that married with William Newgate 
my Vnckl's sonn, liveing in London, 5/. etc. — to Jonathan Jackson, sonn of the said 
Edward Jackson, 5/., etc." — to " Mr. John Wilson, Pastor of the Church of Boston, 8/., 
to bee paid within 3 moneths after my decease. Vnto such Ministers within this 
Jurisdiction as are Consionable in their places, and yet have but small Mayntenance, 
30/. to be paid to the said Mr. John Wilson, and he to dispose thereof as he shall see 
meete, to the intent aforesaid, etc." — to the poor of the church of Boston 10/., to be 
disposed of by the deacons, etc. — "to my said daughter Jackson a gilt Salt and a gilt 
wine cup. — to my said daughter Oliver a silver beere boule and a silver wine cupp. 
— to my said daughter Linde a silver porringer and three silver spoones. — the rest of 
my plate I leave to my wife, to dispose thereof as she please, etc." — Edward Jackson 
and Simon Linde to be executors, and Peter Oliver to be overseer, he to have 10/. for 
his care and oversight. 

50 As neither Mr. Thomas Townsend nor his family are mentioned in the Will of Mrs. Anne widow 
of John Newdigate, we infer that the relation of "brother-in-law" came from a previous marriage of 
Mr. Newdigate with a sister of Mr. Townsend, or a sister of Mr. Townsend's wife ; or from a marriage 
of Mr. Townsend with a sister of Mr. Newdigate, or with a sister of a previous wife of Mr. Newdigate. 


Mrs. Anne Newdigate survived her husband for fourteen years. All 
we can learn of her is obtained from her Will. We give an abstract of it 
from the Probate Records of Boston : 

"I, Anne Newgate, widow, being now well stricken in age, etc. I bequeath unto 
Nathaniel [25] Newgate, the son of my son Nathaniel Newgate, deceased, that five 
acres of Marsh which I purchased of Edward Needen [Needham] of Rumbly Marsh, 
joined to the Farm which my husband gave to his son Nathaniel Newgate, but being 
now deceased the right of inheritance belongs to his son Nathaniel and his heirs for 
22,23 ever. . . . To Grand Dau. Elizabeth 1 " 1 Lynde, silver girdal. To Nath. [,] Lynde silver 
plate. My gold rings to be divided among the children of my son and daughter Lynde. 
To Jonathan and Levi Jackson, 20^. each. Hannah Smith, my made, 20 shillings, 
and Gordg Hale 10 shillings. To our brothers that are of our private meeting" 40 
shillings. To sister Matson, the elder, 10s. and sister Alcock, that was, 10s. 
" Witness 6 Aug. 1676, " Witnessed 2dly, 

Penelope Bellingham," Mrs. Penelope Bellingham, 

Anne Manning." Mrs. Anne Gerrish (late Manning)."" 

"Proved 8 April, 1679." 

The Will of Nathaniel Newdigate of London, son of Mr. John 
Newdigate, own brother of Hannah (Newdigate) Lynde, which was dated 
and proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury in 1668, contains items 
worthy of notice here. He seems to have spent most of his life in 

" I Nathaniel Newdigate ah Newgate, of London, Merchant : my louing Wife, 
Isabella Newgate, my full and sole Executrix, — my Brother, Sir John Lewis, of 

81 This " private meeting" was, undoubtedly, a social religious meeting, thus distinguished from 
the public services. "Sister Matson, the elder," and " Sister Alcock that was" are to be considered 
as sisters only in a religious sense, and not by blood. 

83 Wife of Gov. Richard Bellingham, and sister of Herbert Pelham Esq. Herbert Pelham was 
buried in Suffolk. There may have been a relationship or previous acquaintance in England. 

83 Daughter of Richard Parker, merchant, of Boston, who married, in England, about 1651, 
John Manning; and remarried, about 1677, Capt. William Gerrish, rep. His first wife was Joanna 
widow of John Oliver. Robert Manning and Anne Newgate, sister or cousin of Mr. John Newdigate, 
were married in Horningsheath in June 1616. The John Manning who married Anne Parker may have 
been their son — Savage's Geneal. Diet.; and Townshend Family, p. 97. 


Ledston, in the Countie of yorke, Edward Rumball, of the Savoy, Haberdasher, and 
Edmund White, of London, Merchant, to be Overseers." Personal Estate to be 
divided into three equal parts, and one part thereof unto said Wife, another "to 
my louing Sonne Nathaniel" Newgate," and out of the other third part "I giue and 
bequeath to my Mother Anne Newgate .£20., to my Aunt Anne Newgate £10., to 
my Brother Simon Line and his Wife ,£40., and to each of his children now liueing 
,£to. a piece, unto Edward Jackson, of New England, my Brother in Lawe, ^10., 
to my Brother Peter Oliver ,£10., to my said Brother Sir John Lewis and to the 
said Edward Rumball, and Anne (Lewis), his Wife, ^10. a piece, to Edmund White 
;£io., and to my Brother Henrie Haines and his Wife, Elizabeth (Lewis), ^10. a 

"Item — I giue all my Lands, Tenements and hereditaments in New England to 
my sonne Nathaniell Newgate, and the heires (males) of his Bodie — to my Friende 
Master Robert Eccleston of Greenwich and his wife ^10. a piece — to Sir William 
Peake, the new Lord Mayor of London, 40s., to buy him a Ring — to my Neece, 
Mary Rumball ^5. — to William Pate, Ironmonger, ^10. — to William Arundell 
^50. — to Arthur Hare, Master of my Shipp, 40^., and to my Cousin Jane Danby, 
40s. to buy her a Ring. 

"Hem — I appointe the said Simon Line to receive the Rents, issues and profitts 
of my said Lands in New England, during the minoritie of my said Sonne Nathaniell. 

"Hem— All the residue of my Estate I leave to the disposall of my Executrix." 
Dated, 8 Sept., 1668. 

" 1st Codicil undated : to my Ladie Hollis, the Wife of Sr Frethville Hollis ^20. 
to be paid her when she shall pay to my Executrix such Legacies and moneys which 
are due to mee and my wife, or either of us." Same Witnesses. 

" 2d Codicil dated 8 Sept. 1668 : ,£100. to be disposed of to such silenced 
Ministers as Doctor Wilkins [brother-in-law of Oliver Cromwell and afterward 
Bishop of Chester — C. H. T.] and the said Edmund White shall direct ; and the 
said Doctor Wilkins shall receiue such part and share of the said One hundred 
pounds as he and the said Edmund White shall agree upon." Proved, 22 Sept. 1668." 

24 M He had a son Lewis 6 buried July 28, 1657, at St. Leonard's, East Cheap, London — Townshend 

Family, p. 103. 

26 A memorandum of Col. Chester says that Nathaniel Newgate, merchant, was carried away from 
Greenwich Sept. 14, 1668. The records of St. Olave's Parish, London Bridge, state that " Natten 
Nugate," merchant, was buried on that day — Townshend Family, p. 103, and note 2. 



The wife of the elder Nathaniel Newdigate survived her husband, 
and married John Johnson, but had died before November 24, 1679, when 

"a Comm" was issued to John Johnson, husband of Isabella Johnson, ah. 
Newgate, ah. Newdigate dec d , whilst she lived the Relict Ext x and residuary Legatee 
named in the Will of Nathaniel Newgate, ah. Newdigate, of the City of London, 
Merchant, late of Greenwich in the County of Kent, dec d , to administer the Goods, 
&c, of the s d Nathaniel left unadm r by the s d Isabella, according to the form and 
effect of the s d Will. . . ." 

Mr. Nathaniel Nevvdigate's principal heir was his son Nathaniel? born 
in 1663, and therefore a minor at the time of his father's death, respecting 
whom we give an interesting communication to us from Hon. W. P. 
Sheffield of Newport, R. I., as follows : 

"Newport, March 31, 1889." 
" Dear Sir : 

"In the 'Boston Transcript' of last evening you and Mrs. Salisbury make some 
inquiry in reference to Nathaniel Newdigate. 

"A person by that name practiced law in Newport for many years. Late in life 
he went to reside in Warwick in the county of Kent. 

" He erected and lived in a house yet standing on the east side of Broadway in 
this city. In 1727 he was Chairman of a Commission to revise the Colony Laws. 

"In an action at law in 1707 Newdigate was described as being 'of Bristol, 
Merchant.' In another action he is described as 'of Newport, Gentleman.' 

" He was admitted free of the Rhode Island Colony in 1720. In 1731 he signed 
a memorial to the General Assembly against a further issue of paper money, and 
later in the same year a memorial to the Board of Trade on the same subject. He 
died the last day of January 1746, and was buried beside his wife Sarah (nee Lynde) 
in the common Burying-Ground in Newport. The inscription on his grave-stone is 
as follows, viz : 

" ' Here lieth interred the Body of Nathaniel Newdigate Esq., late of Warwick in 
this Colony, who was born in Great Britain, and died at Warwick on the last day of 
January, Anno Domini 1746, in the 83 d year of his age : He was a noted and famous 
Attorney at Law in this Colony, and acquitted himself in said Profession like an able 
Skilful and learned Gentleman.' 

"The Inscription on his wife's grave-stone is : 


" ' Hie Jacet Sarah charissima Uxor Nathanielis Newdigate Armigeri et filia 
Simonis Lynde Nuper Boston. Meracator. Obiit 13 th die Julii Anno Domini 1727, 
Anno Aetatis 55.' 

"They had one child, a daughter [Isabella?], who married Thomas Mumford and 
removed to Warwick." 

26 The Sarah 6 Lynde named in the foregoing communication, with her 

Latin epitaph, was the third daughter of Simon and Hannah (Newdigate) 
Lynde, a first cousin, therefore, of her husband Nathaniel Newdigate. 
This marriage took place June 5, 1688, and is thus noticed in the 
"Diary" of Chief Justice Sewall : 

" Mr. Nath 1 Newgate marries Mr. Lynde's daughter, before Mr. Ratcliff, with 
Church of England ceremonies : Mr. Payson and Mr. Farwell his Bridemen ; a 
great wedding." 

28, 29 

Boston records give us the names of three children of Nathaniel and 
Sarah Newdigate, as follows: Isabella, 1 baptized February 8, 1692; 
Lewis 1 born January 31, 1697 ; John 1 born December 1, 1700. 

No son of Nathaniel Newdigate Esq. and Sarah Lynde his wife 
survived them, and upon his death the ancient and honorable family of 
Newdigate became extinct in our branch ; and as we have learned from 
Lieut. -Gen. Newdigate, of Arbury, co. Warwick, there are none of the 
name now in existence except his own near relations. 



Arms : Quarterly Sa. and Arg., a bend Or (Hoo of Suffolk) 

N regard to the maternal ancestry of Simon Lynde's father-in-law 

John Newdigate, whose father Phillipe Newegate of Great 

Horningsheath married Joane 13 daughter of Gualther (Walter 12 ) 

Hoo of Hessett, co. Suffolk, we are again much indebted to Capt. Charles 

Hervey Townshend for Suffolk records, and other information. 

" The family of Hoo had a Saxon origin, and was settled in Kent." 
Edrich de Ho was mentioned in a Saxon will in the time of Henry I., 
and several of the name were donors to the church of St. Andrew. They 
spread over many counties. At the end of the reign of King John, or at 
the commencement of that of Henry III., they were seated in Bedfordshire. 
In 1292 Robert 6 de Hoo, who married Beatrix daughter of Alexander 
Earl de Andeville in Normandy, is mentioned as holding lands in Herts, 

4 Bedford, Cambridge and Oxford. 1 His son Sir Robert 7 Hoo married 

5 Hawyse daughter of Fulk Lord Fitzwarine. Sir Thomas 8 de Hoo, Knt., 
son of Sir Robert, married Isabel only child of John de St. Leger Lord of 
the manor of OfHey St. Leger, co. Herts, and heiress to large estates in 
Sussex, Northamptonshire and Herts. Sir Thomas, M. P. for Bedford, was 
Sheriff of Surrey and Sussex, and died in 1380. Their son Sir William 9 de 
Hoo, Knt., was an important man during the reigns of Edward III., 
Richard II. and Henry IV. He was in the king's service at Calais in 
1370, and in 1387 was made Captain or Governor of the castle of Oye in 
Picardy, which office he retained through the reign of Richard II., leaving 

1 Robert de la Hoo was a member of Parliament for Hertfordshire in 1298. History of Hertford- 
shire. . . . By John Edwin Cussans. . . . London, 1870-73, i. p. 16. 


a deputy, in 1387, when about to proceed to the " Holy City of Jerusalem," 
to be absent possibly for two years. In 1405 he was one of the ambassa- 
dors sent by Henry IV. to treat with those of Margaret Duchess of 
Burgundy relative to the affairs of the Low Countries. The next year he 
was appointed with others to treat with John Duke of Burgundy. He 
fulfilled other important missions, and after faithfully serving three sover- 
eigns died in 1410 at the age of seventy-five. Sir William de Hoo's 
first wife was Alice daughter and coheir of Thomas de St. Omer and of 
his wife Petronilla, daughter of Nicholas Lord de Malmaynes, who 
brought him the property of Mulbarton, co. Norfolk. Sir William Hoo 
obtained Suffolk property through his marriage with the daughter of 
Sir John Wingfield. Sir William bore the arms of Andeville, St. Omer, 
St. Leger, Malmaynes and Hoo. 2 He presented to the living of Mulbarton, 
in 1367, and rebuilt the church and tower. In the chancel he and his first 
wife were buried. He had adorned the windows with portraits of himself 
and wife, and of her family, with their arms. 

There seems good reason for believing that our branch of Hoos 
descended from Robert (3) Hoo and Beatrix de Andeville. We therefore 
add only a few notes in continuance of the main line of the family. 
Sir Thomas 10 Hoo, Knt., son of Sir William, fought in the battle of Agin- 
8 court, and distinguished himself on other occasions. His son Thomas 11 

was made a Baron. Hamden calls him "the noble Baron Hoo." He was 
raised, in 1436, "to the dignity of Chancellor of France." 3 In 1448, in 
the reign of Henry VI., he " was elevated to the peerage . . . by the 
title of Baron Hoo of Hoo, co. Bedford, and of Hastings, co. Sussex. 

5 For Fitzwarine see the Baronage of England. ... By William Dugdale. . . . London 
. . . 1675, i. p. 443; and A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and Extinct 
Peerages of the British Empire. By Sir Bernard Burke. . . . London . . . 1883, pp. 213-14. 
For St. Leger see The History of Hertfordshire. ... By John Edwin Cussans. . . . London 
. . . 1874-78, ii. 97. For St. Omer and De Malmaynes see An Essay towards a Topographical 
History of the County of Norfolk. ... By Francis Blomefield. . . . London . . . 1S06, 
v. 76-7. 

8 Condensed from Sussex Archaeological Collections. . . . London, 1856, viii. 104-31. 


. . ." He died in 1455. Anne 12 eldest daughter and coheir of this 
Lord Hoo married Geoffrey Boleyn, and their great granddaughter became 
the mother of Queen Elizabeth. 16 

Lord Hoo left no son. His half brother Thomas 11 Hoo, Knt., was a 
distinguished man, but we do not follow his fortunes; he died in i486, the 
last male of his line. 4 

13. 14 

"A branch of the large and widely scattered family of Hoo was settled at Hessett 
[in the diocese of Norwich, co. Suffolk], in 1286. . . . They seem also ... to 
have had . . . large possessions in Rougham [adjoining Hessett]. ... In the 
twenty-first year of Edward I., a.d. 1293, Sir Robert [4] Hoo puts his seal to a deed [of 
land in Hessett]. . . . And ... in the third year of Edward II., a.d. 1309, 
granted his tenements in Rougham. 6 . . . The manor of Hoo . . . was styled 
Old Haugh, Le Hoo and Eald Hoo, a form which survives in the name of a residence 
in Rougham, Eldo House. . . . In . . . 1310 this manor belonged to the office 
of Sacristan. In 1312 William de Hoo was Sacristan of the Monastery, and Arch- 
deacon of Bury. 

"From the title of the tenant in possession 'John 1 '" 1 off Hoo,' used in his Will 
dated 1485 ... it may be inferred that the seat of the family was the Hoo, a part 
of the parish of Hessett lying close up to Rougham. John [off] Hoo who died in 1485 
had two sons, whom he named in his Will, John [11] and Robert. [11] . . .'" 

4 Sir Bernard Burke's Dormant . . . and Extinct Peerages, p. 283 ; Fuller's Worthies of 
England, i. p. 186; and Sussex Archaeological Collections, viii. m if. 

6 These lands in Rougham had been given to the Abbey by Earl Ulfketel, and were leased for 
centuries by the Hoos. With the great amount of land in proportion to its inhabitants, the people of 
this country know little of the foreign system of perpetual leases. It has been introduced in our large 
cities by the owners of some of the great estates who give only ground leases of their lands, to be built 
upon, and the leases renewed under a new appraisal, after a certain fixed term of years. In England a 
copyhold was descendible "where the custom of the manor so permits, to the heir." A freehold estate, 
when an estate of inheritance, was transmissible to the heirs of the tenant in possession, following the 
usual laws of inheritance. — Mr. Serjeant Stephen's New Commentaries on the Laws of England. Seventh 
Edition. London, 1874, vol. i. p. 221. The rents of the lands of the Monastery of Bury St. Edmund's 
were low, the monks easy in their requirements, and tenants in occupation for many successive genera- 
tions had almost as much dignity and independence as if they were the real owners of the soil. 

6 Materials for a History of Hessett. . . . By the Rev. William Cooke. . . . Proceedings 
of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. . . . Bury St. Edmund's, 1876, vol. v., No. 1, pp. 55-57- 


"John off Hoo's" wife, whose name was Katharine, appears to have 
been the daughter and heir of Reynold Tylly. 7 Before 1480 he built the 
chapel for the church of St. Ethelbert in Hessett, which still bears an 
inscription commemorative of the gift. s Sir Walter Hoo was one of 
his executors. 

In connection with Sir William (6) de Hoo of Mulbarton, Norfolk, 
who married Alice St. Omer and died in 1410, is mentioned a Sir Walter 
de Hoo of the same county, who was no doubt a relative, and was perhaps 
a younger brother. "John off Hoo" was of a parallel generation with 
Sir William's children. 

We give short abstracts of the Will of "John off Hoo," dated 
October 20, 1485, proved April 5, 1492, and of that of Walter (2) Hoo, 
dated July 26, 1587, proved July 21, 1589 ; the former is from "Materials 
for the History of Hessett " (pp. 62-64), and the latter from " The Towns- 
hend Family" (pp. 104-05) : 

"In the name of God. Amen." Bequeaths and assigns "to my sone John and 
to y e eyers male of his Body lawfully be gotyn w' ought ende alle y e lands and ten'ts, 
medewes and pastures w' her p'tynenc's y e wiche laste I holde in y e seyd towne of 
hessett of the dymyssyon and ffeffement of Reynold Tylly lat e of hessett forseyd. 
And also I asynge on to y e seyd John my sone and to heyers male of his Body law- 
fully begetyn w* oute ende iiii pees of londe and a pes of medew w l her p'tynenc's 
lying in the seyd town of hessett . . . and y e iiii th pece of londe lythe in the 

7 In Burke's Gen. Armory arms are given to families of the name of Tylley and Tylly. 

8 " The church [of Hessett, dedicated to St. Ethelbert], though of moderate dimensions, presents 
features of great beauty and interest." . . . "The history of [the chapel] is written in an inscription 
in black letter, which, commencing at the East, runs along the cornice of the solar, the chapel and a 
portion of the aisle : 

" ' Prey for the s [owles] of jhon hoo and katrynne hys wyf the qweche h [at] h mad y chapel ae*wery 
deyl heyteynd y westry and batylmentyd y hele.' . . . 

"The concluding words of the inscription, 'and batylmentyd y hele,' that is, the north aisle, draw 
attention to a very striking feature of the Church, namely, the embattled parapets, which are on all 
parts of the building except the chancel." — Materials for a History of Hessett, ut supra, pp. 3, 5, 6. 

We have before us the book with its illustrations of the quaint and beautiful architecture of the 
edifice, and the old "black letter" of the inscription. 


townes of Hessett aforseid and Beketon in the ffeld called heyfeld upon y e wente 
called Brakelond betvvyn y e londe of y e seyd covent" on y e southe p'ty and y e londe of 
Melford College and y e londe of y e seyd covent on y e p'ty of y e northe . . . and 
yff it happe y e seid John my sone w* outer eyer male of his Body lawfully begotyn to 
desses Than I wyll " all the aforesaid lands "onto myn sone Robrte and to y e eyers 
male of his Body lawfully begotyn " forever, and if said Robert die without heirs 
male lawfully begotten then all said lands to be sold for the best price obtainable, 
"and y e mony theroff be fynally disposyd in good dedys of charyte for myn soule 
and for y e soule of myn wyffe Kateryn," etc. Also to son Robert and his heirs male 
lawfully begotten, forever, a messuage and piece of land and woodland with appurte- 
nances in Hessett "in y e strete called y e cherche strete " etc.; if Robert die without 
such heirs, the said messuage and lands to go to son John and his heirs male lawfully 
begotten ; if both sons die without such heirs, then the messuage and lands to be sold, 
and proceeds expended in charity for the good of the souls of himself and wife 
Katharine. Daughters to have preference as purchasers of said estates, paying as 
much as a stranger would pay, etc. "Also I will pray and reqwyre all my syngler 
feffours y e wyche be feffed unto myn behoue of and in alle y e londes, tent's, medew, 
ffedyngs, pasturs and woods w' her p'tyhences or of or in ony p'cell of them, that 
they delyver her stocke y l they have after y e tenor and strenkthe forme and effect of 
thes my p'sent testament and last wyll, whan they be desyred be [by] myn executors. 
And of this myn p'esent testament I ordeyn and make myn executors Syrre Wat r hoo 
[Sir Walter Hoo] herry Colge of pakenha" etc. 

"Robert his ['John off Hoo's'] son had a wife Agnes who joined with him in the 
gift of the font to the church [of St. Ethelbert];"' he died in 15 19, childless, as his 
Will" leads me to suppose. . . . 



9 The Monastery of Bury St. Edmund's. 

10 This font may still be seen in the church of St. Ethelbert, Hessett, and a cut of it is given in The 
Materials for a History of Hessett. It is said to be of "good design and execution" (p. 36.) 

11 Proved 1519 ; witnesses : Henry Hoo, John Hoo. 

The Will of Henry 12 Hoo of Hessett was proved 20 November 1538; no children. Witnesses: 
Walter Hoo, Edmund 12 Hoo. Among the Bury St. Edmund's Wills is one of William 12 Hoo of Heghset 
[Hessett], proved 1541, in which he desires to be buried in the churchyard of Heghset, and gives legacies 
to the "High Altar of Heghset Church," his father and mother, his children, his brothers and sisters (no 
names) and Alys his wife, whom he makes sole executrix. It is signed by John 12 Hoo, Thomas Sket and 
Robert 12 Hoo. The above-mentioned Hoos were probably brothers of Walter Hoo. William died 
probably in his early married life, and Walter may have survived all his brothers but Robert, whom he 
makes his h'eir in case of the death of all his own sons. 


Our careful search in deeds, Wills, records, pedigrees and histories 
shows that the Sir Robert Hoo, Knt, who gave a deed of land in Hessett 
in 1293, and granted tenements in Rougham in 1309 (both places being in 
the diocese of Norwich), was Sir Robert (4) de Hoo, Knt. (son of 
Robert Hoo and Beatrix daughter of the Earl of Andeville), of the 
Bedfordshire family, whose grandson Sir William (6) de Hoo, Knt, was 
seated at Mulbarton, Norfolk (also in the diocese of Norwich), 12 where he 
died in 14 10. 

So many wealthy heiresses had married into the family that there 
must have been much unentailed land to be divided among the younger 
sons of several of the earlier generations ; and branches had become estab- 
lished in several counties. 

We find, as we have seen, that in 13 12, three years after Sir Robert 
Hoo, in person, had transactions in Hessett, "William de Hoo" was 
Sacristan of the monastery and Archdeacon of Bury, and in possession of 
the manor of Hoo. In several places in which the Hoo family established 
itself the residence took the name of the family, as " the patrimonial lord- 
ship of Hoo in Herts," and Hartford-Hoo in Cambridgeshire ; and 
Sir Thomas Hoo was created a Baron in 1448, with the title of " Baron 
Hoo of Hoo, in the county of Bedford, and of Hastings in the county of 
Sussex." These facts give dignity to the title of Hoo, and convey the 
idea that any residence which bore that name was occupied by a member of 
the chief line of the family. We find that Sir Robert de Hoo held large 
estates at Rougham and Hessett, where was a family-seat bearing from 
early times the title of Hoo, showing that this was one of the family- 
residences. Can we doubt that William de Hoo was of the same family as 
Sir Robert ? As far as we can trace the dates, he seems to have been of the 
same generation. Robert Hoo, father of Sir Robert, "had a son William 
living in 1388 who must have died .r. />." 13 If William de Hoo had been an 

15 The distance in a direct line between Mulbarton and Hesset is about thirteen miles. 
13 Sussex Archaeological Collections, p. 131, note. 



ecclesiastic, he could not have married. The Hoo family-influence may be 
supposed to have obtained for him the office of Archdeacon of Bury. His 
heirs would have been a brother or nephew. No other son of Robert Hoo 
is mentioned except Sir Robert his heir. If Archdeacon William de Hoo had 
no other brother, a son of Sir Robert would have been his heir. "John off 
Hoo " was of an age to be in the same generation as the younger sons of 
Sir William who was grandson of Sir Robert, and to have been Sir Robert's 
great grandson. It seems therefore safe to suppose that "John off Hoo" 
descended from Robert Hoo and Beatrix de Andeville, probably through 
Sir Robert, perhaps through Sir Robert's son Sir Thomas, or even through 
his grandson Sir William. In any case "John off Hoo" had possession 
of the family-manor of Hoo in Hessett, and no doubt by inheritance. It 
is evident that "John off Hoo" had an estate, maintained a dignity, and 
showed a liberality of means which in those days could have belonged only 
to a man of wealth and good lineage. 

The Will of Walter (2) Hoo, dated 1587, proved 1589, registered at 
Bury St. Edmund's, is as follows : 

"I Gualther Hooe of Hessett in the County of Suffolk, yeoman," to eldest son 
John, [1S] and his heir male, Freehold in Hesset, Beighton and Rougham . . . Ande 
for defaulte of suche yssue male the remainder to the heires males of the bodye of 
Robte [19] Hoo for ever." His copyhold lands held of the manor of Rougham Hall' 6 
to eldest son John "Uppon condicon that if he the same John Hoo or anye his heires 
of his bodye doe discontinue the Limitacons or Remainder of The intaile of my 
freehold Lands . . . contrarye to the tenor and true meaninge of this my Will 
[as afterwards appears, these " Limitacons " were certain payments to be made in law- 
ful money to his younger brothers Jeremy 13 and John, 18 and to his sister Joane (1)], 
That then and thenceforthe his intereste in and to the same coppieholde lands shall 

14 We see here an instance of what has been referred to in our Newdigate paper (pp. 479, 480. note) 
of a use of this term in perfect consistency with high lineage. Thomas Hoo, Knt., half-brother of 
Lord Hoo, had died in i486, the last male of the principal line of the family. The Suffolk branch, so 
long parted from it, had lost its special distinction. 

15 Mr. Thomas R. Tallack, searcher of Norwich Wills for Capt. Townshend, in an abstract of 
Walter Hoo's Will writes : "The copyhold of Rougham Hall is mentioned as belonging to the Testator." 


utterlie cease " — in that case said copyhold-lands to go to son Jeremy, provided he 
pay a certain sum of money, on certain days, to his younger brother John and his 
sister Joane, in default of which said copyhold-lands to go to younger son John, 
provided he pay a certain sum of money, on certain days, to his brother Jeremy and 
his sister Joane. Some articles were bequeathed to his daughter Joane Newgate, 
including his " best round table." "Unto Philipe Newgate of Horningsheath, my 
sonne-in-lawe, my best hose and doublett," a "pewter dish to his son, my wife's 
godson " [our John Newdigate], and most of the furniture and linen were divided ; 
23—25 including some articles " unto Katheryne [,,] Joane [14] and Barbara, [ " ] my eldest Sonne's 

26 daughters and to Jeremy's son James [14;l "— " my will is that my crowe of yron, a 

pair of yrons for the well, a faire longe table nighe fyve yardes longe, one counter 
table with two leaves with a teston over the same of clothe, and the hanginges, 
one round back-borded chaier, a presse for clothes and a beame and scales remayne 
with y e howse still to the heir male, after my said eldest sonne John hath during 
his tyme had the use of them, charging him, as he will answer before God, at 
the great daie of judgment, that he break not the true meanige of this my will, 
nor the entayhs in the same, my plaine intent being to continue my lannds and tenements to the 
heir male, as my Ancestors leftyt to me." 

"Appoint eldest son John Hoo Sole executor, etc." 

"John off Hoo," in his Will of 1485, as we have seen, gives to his son 
John, and his heirs male, " all'e y e lands and ten'ts, medewes and pastures 
w' her p'tynenc's y e wiche laste I holde in y e seyd towne of hesset of the 
dymyssyon and ffeffement 16 of Reynold Tylly lat e of hessett forseyd " [his 
father-in-law] and many other pieces of land in Hessett and Beketon, the 
lands abutting upon the monastery of St. Edmund's, 17 and much other 

16 " Dymyssyon " = demesne derived from " de maison " — "a manor house and the land adjacent or 
near, which a lord keeps in his own hands for the use of his family, as distinguished from tenemental 
lands." A Beffment was originally a grant of "an estate held of a superior on condition of military 
service." Later the spelling changed to " feoffment," and it came to signify a grant of a free inheri- 
tance in fee, not affected by any feudal tenure. 

" The monaster)' afterwards called St. Edmund's Bury had been founded in very ancient times 
(p. 31). It received its name about a.d. 925 (p. 207) "from Edmund the good young king of East Anglia 
called the Holy Martyr," who was killed by the Danes a.d. 870 (p. 41). 

It remained under the control of the Benedictine monks till its possessions were surrendered to 
King Henry VIII. in 1539, and its rented property became vested in the crown. This property had 
been received from early times by liberal endowments from the nobility and various kings of England. 


property in other places, of which the descriptions are not now intelligible, 
with reversion to his son Robert if John should have no heirs male. 

The historian of Hessett above quoted says: "Of John Hoo's son 
John I find no further trace." " I presume that he or his eldest son was 
buried in 1558, and styled in the Register 'John at Hoo.'" 18 

Now we find that our Gualther (Walter) Hoo of Hessett, in his Will 
dated 1587, leaves to his eldest son John (20) Hoo his freeholds in Hessett, 
Beighton, and Rougham, etc., etc., and his copyhold-land of the Manor 
of Rougham Hall, and forbids him to alienate his property, " my plaine 
intent being to continue my lannds and tenements to the heir male, as 
my Ancestors left yt to me." 19 It is evident, therefore, that Walter Hoo 

Earl Ulfketel who "is supposed to have fallen" in the battle between Edmund Ironsides and Canute 
in 1016, gave to the monastery of Bury St. Edmund's "Rougham and eight other extensive and valuable 
manors." Among the many places mentioned where the monastery owned land were Horningsheath and 
Ickworth. It became " the principal Monastery of the whole kingdom," and a place of holy resort, 
kings and queens were among the noble pilgrims to its shrines. . . . St. Edmund's Bury "has been 
generally supposed to have exceeded, in magnificent buildings . . . important privileges . . . and 
ample endowments, all other ecclesiastical and monastic establishments in England, Glastonbury alone 
excepted." The villages around Bury, about the termination of the 13th century, were exceptionally 
populous. The ecclesiastics were mild and indulgent landlords. The foregoing is condensed from 
"An Illustration of the Monastic History and Antiquities of the Town and Abbey of St. Edmund's 
Bury. By the Rev. Richard Yates . . . and the Rev. William Yates. . . . London, 1805. pp. 
31, 41, 63, 113, 164, 207, 224. 

18 Materials for a History of Hessett, ut supra, pp. 62-64. 

19 " The free tenants were they who lived in houses of their own and cultivated land of their own, 
and who made only an annual money payment to the lord of the manor as an acknowledgment of his 
lordship. The payment was trifling, amounting to some few pence an acre at the most, and a shilling 
or so, as the case might be, for the house. This was called the rent, but it is a very great mistake 
indeed to represent this as the same thing which we mean by rent now-a-days. It really was almost 
identical with what we now call in the case of house property, 'ground rent,' and bore no proportion to 
the value of the produce that might be raised from the soil which the tenant held. The free tenant 
was neither a yearly tenant, nor a leaseholder. His holding was, to all intents and purposes, his own- 
subject, of course, to the payment of the ground rent — " The Coming of the Friars. ... By 
Rev. Augustus Jessopp, D.D. New York and London, 18S9. p. 65. 

The articles mentioned in Walter Hoo's Will, of which we name but few, show a luxurious mode of 
life for the period, especially the very large and the smaller tables, the chairs, the feather beds, pillows 
and bolsters, cloth table cover, the hangings, etc. See 2Lort>, p. 252, note 13. 


was eldest son, and had inherited through eldest sons for generations 
The property he bequeathed is evidently in great part the same as that 
bequeathed by the Will of "John off Hoo" of Hessett, in 1485, to his son 
"John at Hoo." As, under English laws and customs, much of the land 
was entailed upon eldest sons, there seems no reason to doubt that our 
Walter Hoo was eldest son of "John at Hoo " who died in 1558, who was 
eldest son of "John off Hoo" and Katharine Tylly his wife. Walter Hoo, 
in " defaulte of such yssue male" to his own sons, gave his property "to 
the heires males of the bodye of Robrte [19] Hoo for ever." This Robert 
was, no doubt, a brother of the testator. 

"John off Hoo" having in his Will (1485) named Sir Walter Hoo as 
his principal executor, we infer that Walter Hoo, whom we believe to have 
been grandson of John, was named for Sir Walter as a relative. 

Our argument for the descent of Walter Hoo from "John off Hoo " 
and Katharine Tylly his wife is based on the transmission, as proved by 
original documents, of what were, apparently, the same lands from eldest 
son to eldest son through three generations. We have abstracts of the 
principal Hoo Wills recorded at Bury St. Edmund's, and find no mention 
of any transmission of land except in the line we give as that of Walter 
Hoo. But, as we have seen, we can, with great probability, go farther 
back with our line of Hoos. For the same lands appear to have been held, 
in the same family, for at least four generations previous to "John off Hoo " 
who died in 1485, which would make Walter Hoo to have been of at least 
the seventh generation in possession. 

When for centuries the devastations and vicissitudes of war had made 
it necessary for the smaller landholders, unable to maintain themselves, to 
sell their rights and possessions to the great proprietors, it is the more 
noticeable that our Newdigates and Hoos, not belonging to the elder 
branches of their respective families, should have been able to retain so much 
of their freehold-lands, as well as the copyholds, of which they had held 
grants, from time immemorial. We can understand the pride which urged 
Walter Hoo in his Will, after he had bequeathed the "freehold in 


Hesset, Beighton and Rougham, etc., etc.," to his "eldest son John 
and his heir male," to bequeath to him his "copieholde lands . . . 
of the Mannor of Roughamhall Uppon condicon that if he the same 
John Hoo or anye his heires of his bodye doe discontinue the Limitacons 
or Remainder of The intaile of my freehold Lands, or anye p'te or p'cell of 
the same, contrarye to the tenor and true meaninge of this my Will. That 
then and thenceforthe his intereste in and to the same coppieholde lands 
shall utterlie cease ;" also to lay upon this son John the solemn injunctions 
and conditions under which, through many generations, the lands had 
come down to Walter Hoo, himself ; " charging him, as he will answer 
before God, at the great daie of judgment, that he break not the true 
of this tny will nor the entayles in the same, my plaine intent 
to contimie my lannds and tenements to the heir male, as my 
Ancestors left yt to me." 

As a sacred trust from God and his ancestors he had received them, 
and as such he passed them down. 

There seems to have been handed down in the early Hoo family, 
through several generations, another sacred obligation. From the first 
existing records of them in Saxon times we learn that several of the name 
were donors to the church of St. Andrew in Kent. Sir William de Hoo, 
in 1367, rebuilt the church and tower of Mulbarton in Norfolk, otherwise 
decorated the church and was a large benefactor to it. It was quite in 
keeping with this cherished family trust that "John off Hoo" built, 
before 1480, a chapel and battlements for his church (St. Ethelbert) in 
Hessett, and that Robert his son, with his wife Agnes, gave a font to 
the same church, and desired to be buried in its churchyard. As we have 
seen, at as late a date as 1541, when the Will of William Hoo of Hessett 
was proved, he left a legacy to this church and desired to be buried in its 

In the original Will of "John off Hoo," in 1485, he referred frequently 
to the lands of the " covent " (the Monastery of St. Edmund's) ; and, in 


case of failure of heirs, he ordered his lands to be sold and the money dis- 
posed in good deeds of charity for his soul and for the soul of his " wyffe 
Kateryn." He also directed to have masses said for their souls. But in 
the century between the date of his Will and that of the Will of 
Walter Hoo (1587) great changes had occurred in the religious history 
of England, and in the prevailing type of personal religion in the kingdom. 
Under Henry VIII. the Parliament had suppressed first most of the 
smaller Monasteries, and had finally suppressed the great Abbeys and 
vested their rented property in the Crown. Even the great and powerful 
Monastery, controlled for centuries by the Benedictines, had been sur- 
rendered to Henry VIII. in 1 539- 20 Queen Elizabeth, coming to the 
throne in 1558, had established the Protestant religion on a permanent 
basis. Walter Hoo, who died in advanced age, had witnessed the over- 
throw of these great Catholic institutions, and the faith to which they 
belonged ; he had lived for twenty-nine years under the Queen's sovereignty, 
and from the tone of his Will it is evident that he had accepted the 
Reformed Religion. He ordered no masses to be said for his soul. But 
by his solemn appeal to his eldest son and heir, charging him to obey his 
commands as he will answer before God in the great day of judgment, he 
showed a firm faith in God, and a reverent spirit toward Him. 

"John off Hoo's" sons bore the family-names of John and Robert. 
It will be noticed that Robert is a favorite name in the Bedfordshire 
family and in our branch of the Hoos, and that John was frequently used. 
Two of the legatees of Walter Hoo of Hessett were John (his son) and 
Robert (probably his brother, provisional legatee). His eldest grand- 
daughter was Katherine, bearing the name of "John off Hoo's" wife, 
whom we suppose to have been his grandmother. 

Capt. Townshend's careful notes from the records of Hessett, 
Rougham and Bury St. Edmund's have given us many facts which we 

80 Froude's History of England . . . New York, 1S66, ii. pp. 434-35. See also note 17, p. 500 
of this monograph. 


incorporate in our Hoo Pedigree. We learn that our Walter Hoo 
married Agnes Lockwood a in October 1 561, and that she died in 1586, 
"aged about eighty years." She must have been his second wife and not 
the mother of any of his children. After the death of Walter Hoo, 
27 John, his son and heir, had a son John, 14 his heir, baptized in 1603, who 
married Judith . This last John Hoo, by his Will dated 1662, trans- 
mitted the family-property. 

"John How [Hoo] of Rougham. Will 25 April 1662. To Judith loving wife 
'All that my Mess., Ten., lands, house, buildings, yards, orchards, Meadows, pastures, 
etc., etc., in Rougham for life, she to keep in repair. But if she Marry again Then 
28-3 1 to son JohnC'"] and his heir. To son Robert, [,6] To son Thomas,^ To son William, [1 ' ] 
32 To dau. Judith [ " 3 , ^10. [to each]. If John How dies before he become possessed 

Then to Robert How, and so to the youngest of them. Wife Judith Executrix. 
Proved 1668." 

We notice how his children repeated the names of Sir Robert Hoo's 
family — John, Robert, Thomas and William. 

According to our theory of the ancestry of Joane Hoo wife of 
Phillipe Newegate and mother of John Newdigate of Boston, while she 
did not receive any of his landed property, she inherited from her father 
Walter Hoo a descent from the ancient family of Hoo of Bedfordshire, 
with ancient and noble descents on the female side. He would have had 
a right to bear the arms of the Bedfordshire Hoos : Quarterly Sa. and 
Arg.; and Edmondson gives these arms, 58 slightly varied, as belonging to 
the Suffolk branch : Quarterly Sa. and Arg., a bend Or. We have there- 
fore accepted the latter as the arms of our Hoos, as we can learn of no 
other Hoo family in Suffolk. 

81 There were ancient families of the name of Lockwood in Staffordshire and Yorkshire. John Lock- 
wood, a staunch Loyalist, fought at Naseby — Burke's History of the Commoners, iv. 81; Burke's Landed 
Gentry, ii. 1779. 

M A Complete Body of Heraldry ... By Joseph Edmondson . . . London, 1771, i. sub. 
nom. Hoo. 


Since the periods referred to the blood may have been transmitted 
in Howes, as well as under other names, but the ancient and honorable 
family bearing the name of Hoo appears to have beefi long extinct in 

In tracing the lines of our Newdigates and Hoos, we had not 
expected to make this minute search in their ancient records, but have 
been led on by the genealogical and historical interest which we have found 
attached to them. It is seldom that any ancestry but that of the chief line 
of a family can be traced so far back in England. In this search we have 
gained much information concerning the English laws and customs affect- 
ing land tenure, and the modes of life of proprietors and tenants for several 
centuries, reaching back to the Middle Ages. 



Arms: Or fretty Az.j Crest: a lion's head guar dant couped at the shoulders Or, between 
two wings expanded Or fretty Az. Mantled Gu. doubled Arg. (Willoughby de Eresby). 

HE following biographical statements, respecting Colonel William 
Willoughby and his son Deputy-Governor Francis Willoughby, 
are chiefly drawn from a paper on " The Willoughby Family of 
New England," by Isaac J. Greenwood Esq. of New York, published in 
the "New England Historical and Genealogical Register" for January 
1876 (vol. xxx, pp. 67-78); and from Mr. Greenwood's fuller manuscript 
notes on the subject — all of which we have his kind permission to use. 
We have ourselves added some particulars and amplifications of statement 
from other authorities, mostly mentioned in the several cases. 

We omit the beginning of Mr. Greenwood's paper, referring to the 
Willoughbys of England in lines from which we have no reason to 
suppose our ancestors to have descended. 

" Francis [14] Willoughby, who came to New England in 1638 with his 
wife Mary and young son Jonathan, is alluded to by Hutchinson as 'a 
gentleman from England j' 1 he was a son of William [13] Willoughby, who, 
we learn from Winthrop, 'was a Colonel of the City,' 2 i. e. of London; 
while from other sources 3 we learn that he was a native of Kent, and had 
been for some time commander of a vessel. This latter person appears 
to be identical with William Willoughby who was a Purveyor for ship- 

1 " The History of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay. ... By Mr. Hutchinson . . . London, 
1760, p. 160, note * (on auth. of Mather)." 

8 " The Hist, of New England. ... By John Winthrop. . . . With notes by James Savage. 
Boston, 1853, ii. 392." 

8 " King's Pamphlets, Brit. Mus., etc." 


timber in co. Sussex, as early as 1628 [in the time of Charles I.]. 
Denzil Fleming, an officer of the Royal Navy, writing to Secretary 
Nicholas, August 11, states that Willoughby had laden a bark at Stopham, 
and was about to load another at Arundel, with timber for repair of the 
' Victory ' at Woolwich, but, as the French men-of-war were very busy off 
that coast, he desired that some convoy might be procured for the same. 
From this time forward frequent mention is made in the ' Calendar of 
State Papers' (so far as published) of William Willoughby, one of the 
Purveyors of Timber for his Majesty's Navy. 4 In April 1636 he, together 
with John Taylor, sent in a proposition to the Board of Admiralty for the 
raising of the Ann Royal,' which, with all her ordnance and provisions, 
had recently sunk off the mouth of the Thames ; and he is alluded to, 
immediately after, as one of the chief shipwrights engaged in the under- 

We notice here the fact that it is only this one time, in connection 
with the raising of the ship 'Ann Royal " that we find Mr. Willoughby 
mentioned as a "shipwright." On the contrary, he is especially separated 
from men employed in that industry. Mr. William Willoughby is very 
frequently mentioned in the " Calendar of State Papers," during many 

4 The following letter, without date, exists among the English State Papers, and is referred to in 
" Calendar of State Papers, Domestic," Charles I., vol. clxxviii, p. 425, in which William Willoughby 
speaks of his services as Purveyor to the Royal Navy in 1630 : 

"To the right Honorable the Lords Commitioners of His Ma 11 ' 1 Nauie Royall or either of them 

"The humble peticion of William Willoughby one of y e purueyours of His Ma Ues Nauie. 
Humbly sheweth 

"That whearas your peticion' hath bin employed in the forrests of Shottouer and Stoewood and 
notwithstanding his best care and payens hath bin much abused by some hoose liberties which formerly 
they haue had hath bin taken away by your peticion' for the vse of His Ma''* as heerafter shall apeere 
and hauing a long time bin vnder there scandols and euin in danger of his life for his fathfull seruice 
in his place : and therby that good opinnion which formerly your peticion' hath had from your Honors 
may bee lost with out any just cause or diserts and allsoe may expect it may come to His Ma"*' hear- 
ing and therein that true indeauoure which your peticion' hath yoused in the seruice may by there fake 
reports be a meanes to loose your Honors fauour before the truth bee knowen 

" Your peticion' therefore humbly beesechith y' whearas hee vnderstands that some hath informed 
your Honors of some abuses that hath bin don by him y' his charge may bee giuen him in Riting and 
allsoe that his acusers may bee brought with him to your graue Honors hearing that it may apeere 
wherin he hath offended or else that those aspershons may bee remoued. 

"your peticion' to giue your Lordshipps some satisfaction hath annexed to his petition abrefe 
abstract of his prosedings in those forrests abouesaid." 


years, as a Purveyor of timber for the Royal Navy, a Government office, 
several very large transactions in different parts of the country being 
especially referred to, and he was several times, during his life and after- 
wards, referred to as an owner of vessels which he put at the disposal of 
the Government. He was Colonel in the Regiment of the Tower, and 
finally Master Attendant for Portsmouth and Commissioner of the Royal 
Navy. It is evident that the necessary attention to his other duties would 
not have allowed him the time for ship-building. We must therefore 
believe that Mr. Willoughby joined in the contract proposed by the ship- 
wrights, giving his name and influence with the Government with which 
he had long dealt, furnishing carpenters, etc., from the wharves at which 
his own vessels lay. The clerk who made the entry among the State 
Papers would naturally include him as one of the chief shipwrights who 
proposed to do the work. 

"A few years previous to this event, viz., in May 1632, Gov. Sir John 
Harvey wrote to the Virginia Commissioners, recommending that Capt. 
William Tucker, 5 Mr. Stone, and Maurice Thompson, 6 should contract, 
for three or more years, for all the tobacco of the growth of Virginia. 
In pursuance of this advice, the latter gentlemen, together with Gregory 
Clements, 7 Robert South and others, merchants of London, shipped from 
the colonies, during the summer of 1634, a cargo of 155,000 pounds of 
tobacco, worth 15,500/., on the 'Robert Bonaventure,' Richard Gilson, 
master, but unfortunately the vessel was taken by a Dunkirker, Capt. Peter 
Norman. To recover the same, some 500/. were now expended in prose- 
cution of law in Flanders, but to no effeGt, and when, by January 1636-7, 
the amount, including the value of the vessel and the accrued interest, had 
increased to 18,000/., the parties interested petitioned that letters of 

6 "A Commissioner and Councillor of Virginia." 

6 From the Calendar of State Papers (Domestic Series, 1649-50 . . . London, 1875, p. 571) we 
learn that Maurice Thompson was "A Virginia Merchant, member of the Guinea Company, and 
Commissioner of the Somers Islands ... In September 1659 he declined his appointment by 
Parliament as a Commissioner of the Customs." 

1 "A merchant and M. P.; one of the King's judges, and executed after the Restoration ; vide 
Heath's Chronicle, p. 197." 


Marque should be granted them to set forth the ' Discovery ' (300 tons, 
John Man, master), and the pinnace ' Despatch' (100 tons, Samuel Lee, 
master), both of London, ' to apprehend at sea ships and goods of the 
King of Spain or his subjects.' The petition was granted April 4, 1637, 
and by subsequent papers it appears that Capt. Trenchfield (afterwards of 
the Navy) and Mr. Willoughby were interested in the ' Discovery,' and 
that four prizes of very great value were soon taken. 

" Civil war having broken out, an ordinance was passed by Parliament, 
April 12, 1643, that the Committee for the Militia of London should raise 
regiments of volunteers, as auxiliaries to the trained bands of the city, for 
the better security 8 and defence thereof and of the Parliament, with power 
to appoint officers, and to order said regiments to such places as they shall 
see cause. Mr. Willoughby forthwith raised a company of volunteers, 
consisting of a hundred ' well affected and stout youngsters,' whom he 
exercised at Gravesend until they were expert in the use of arms, and on 
June 17 the House of Commons ordered that he continue in command of 
such soldiers as had enlisted under him, living within the Hamlets of the 
Tower, and that said soldiers be required, from time to time, to obey his 
command and not list under any other. Soon after this, ' desirous to try 
what good service he could do to his King, the Parliament and his 
country,' the Captain set forth from Gravesend towards Woolwich, where 
he found and seized seventy-five pieces of ordnance, in the carpenter's 
yard, called the wool-yard. 'They had done more than they could justify,' 
said a Mr. William Barnes, residing near Woolwich [Kent], which words 
having been reported to Capt. Willoughby, by some of his youngsters, he 
with forty of his men went to the house of Barnes, where they seized plate 
of the value of 1,000 pounds, together with some popish books and priests' 

" Information having been received, about July 1, of divers persons 
from Oxford and other parts, of the King's army, having crossed to and 
fro with their coaches, horses and arms, over the ferry at Greenwich, it 
was ordered by Parliament that Capt. Willoughby should stop the passage 
of any vehicle to that ferry, by cutting a ditch on the west or river-side of 

8 Jan. 14, 1642-3, the House of Commons ordered that the Earl of Holland be desired to grant 
commissions to six persons, one of whom was "Mr. William Willoughby for Ratcliffe," to be Captain 
of several companies of the Train Bands belonging to the Tower — Condensed from Mr. Greenwood's MS. 


the Thames, and that the Dept. Lieutenants of Kent and Middlesex 
should station a guard there to stop all horses, arms, ammunition and 
suspected persons, and to search such as they shall think fit, that endeavor 
to pass that way. 9 

" November 22 it was ordered by the Committee of the Militia of the 
City of London, sitting at Guildhall, of whom Capt. Willoughby was the 
head, that the ordnance in the blockhouse at Gravesend should be removed 
to Tilbury Fort, in which was to be placed a strong garrison of men that 
might be confided in ; and three ships or more, of a convenient burden, 
were to be appointed to sail up and down, and scour the river above and 
below Gravesend. The following day, upon some fresh alarm, it was 
ordered that Greenwich Castle and the blockhouses at Gravesend and 
Blackheath should be secured. 

" During the succeeding year, Capt. Willoughby, with the rank of 
Colonel, at the head of a regiment known as the Regiment of [Yellow] 
Auxiliaries of the Hamlets of the Tower, was ordered, together with two 
troops of horse commanded by Cols. Heriott Washbourne and Underwood, 
to join Major-General Richard Brown at Abingdon, Berks. This place, 
situated some fifty-six miles westward from London, was but seven miles 
south of the royalist stronghold at Oxford, and proved a great check upon 
movements in that quarter. In October 1645, the Committee of the 
Three Counties having reported that the forces above specified could then 
be spared, the Committee of the Militia of London suggested to the House 
of Lords (October 10) that directions be given for their speedy return to 
the metropolis, and for the payment of their arrears. Col. Willoughby, 
however, appears to have been still stationed at Abingdon towards the 
close of December, when the Commons passed an order for the payment 
of 200/., on account, to his regiment. 

9 In October, 1643, " the Tower Hamlets Auxiliaries were quartered at East and West Worldham 
[Wolham], near Alton in Hampshire, being some fifty miles south-west from London. Here they were 
delayed somewhat by bad weather, but finally marched on Sunday, Nov. 5th, to Chilton Candover, and 
camped out all night. The next day they proceeded toward Basing and drew up in order, with the rest 
of the forces, about noon, at a half-mile's distance from the object of their desires. Waller however, 
after repeated assaults, in which the Yellow Auxiliaries were specially noticed, was obliged to raise the 
siege, and it was not until two years later [in Oct. 1645], that ' Loyalty House,' as this stronghold grew to 
be called, was finally captured and destroyed by Cromwell. 

" How well the Colonel now stood in the estimation of the public, may be gathered from the fact of 
his occupying the chair at the Committee-meetings of the City Militia in Guildhall, immediately upon his 
return to London." 


"On the 3d of April 1646 he was one of the officers authorized by 
the House of Lords to execute martial law within the cities of London 
and Westminster and the lines of communication, and soon after com- 
posed one of a court martial for the trial of William Murray Esq. as a spy. 

" During the succeeding year, information having been received, in 
July, of a design to seize upon Tilbury Fort, on the Thames river, the 
officers of the Trinity House were impowered by the House of Commons 
to take the care and custody thereof and of the Block-house at Gravesend, 
and to secure them for the Parliament. Ten months later news reached 
the House of the formidable disturbance in Kent, immediately followed by 
the revolt of a large portion of the fleet, and the deposition of the Vice- 
Admiral, Col. Thomas Rainsborough ; whereupon it was resolved that the 
orders of restraint be taken off, as to the forces of horse and foot, stationed 
at the Mews, Whitehall, and the Tower, for guards of the Parliament, and 
that they be sent for the suppression of tumult into the county of Kent. 
Moreover, the Lord General Fairfax, who was also at the time Constable 
of the Tower, was requested to send reinforcements, and if necessary to go 
in person. June 16, 1648, a Council of War was held at Warwick House, 
to consider measures for reducing the revolted ships, at which meeting, 
besides the Earl of Warwick, who had been reinstated in his position of 
Lord High Admiral, there were present Capts. Tweedy, Peter Pett and 
Andrewes, Col. Willoughby, Capts. Bowen and Penrose, Mr. Smith, and 
Capts. Swanley, Ben. Crandley, Lymery and Phineas Pett. It was 
resolved ' That as great a fleet as the Parliament shall think fit be provided, 
with all possible expedition, for the safety of the kingdom and the reduc- 
ing of the revolters. That a letter be written, by the Lord High Admiral, 
to the Trinity House, to employ their best endeavors for the manning of 
the ships of such a fleet with cordial and well-affected men. That the 
Parliament be pleased to make a promise, by an ordinance, to those 
seamen, both Officers and Mariners, of a gratuity, suitable to the faithful 
and good service they shall do in this business.' 

"On the 27th of the succeeding month the Committee of both 
Houses at Derby House reported a letter of July 20th, from Tilbury, and 
also a petition of Col. William Willoughby. Upon the reading of the 
latter before the House of Commons, it was ordered that the Colonel's 
accounts should be audited by the city-auditor, 'and that he have the 


public faith of the kingdom for what shall appear to be due and owing to 
him,' also that 800/. due, upon account, to the garrison at Tilbury, with 
interest at 8 per cent., be charged upon the excise, in course, and paid to 
said Col. William Willoughby, or his assigns. From this we may infer 
that the Colonel had, at this critical juncture, been placed temporarily in 
command of the fort at Tilbury, opposite Gravesend. 

"January 8, 1647-8, the Committee of both Houses appointed 
Col. Robert Tichborne, 10 Col. William Willoughby, Maurice Thompson, 
Gent, and several others, as a Committee for the Militia of the Tower 
Hamlets, said ordinance to be in force for two years from December 20, 
1647. Soon after, in recognition of their services, he, together with 
Mr. Thomas Smith and Mr. Peter Pett, were recommended to the Naval 
Committee, by the merchants of London, as persons fit and able to be 
employed as Commissioners for the Navy ; and it was particularly requested 
that Col. Willoughby should personally attend at Portsmouth, and receive 
in recompense the fee of a Commissioner at large. He was accordingly 
appointed by the House of Commons, February 16, 1648-9, Master 
Attendant for Portsmouth, 11 and a Commissioner of the Navy. 12 

"On October 25, 1650, Gen. Deane, one of the Generals of the Fleet, 
wrote to Vice-Admiral Penn of the Irish Squadron, to repair forthwith, 
with the new frigate ' Fairfax,' then commanded by him, into Portsmouth, 
there to careen and fit out said ship with all things wanted, 'which,' 
continues the General, ' I have written to Col. Willoughby to get in 
readiness against you come.' This was preparatory to Penn's service in 
the Mediterranean. 

10 "At the time Lieutenant of the Tower under the Lord General, and an Alderman of the City ; sub- 
sequently Lord Mayor ; he was a prisoner of State, after the Restoration, and died July 1682, in the Tower." 

11 " ' 1649 March 13, Council of State to Col. Wm. Willoughby. There is no affair before us of 
greater concern than expediting our fleet to sea, for want whereof the shipping of this nation is daily 
taken by those pirates and rebels which abound in this and the Irish Seas ; but the business is much 
retarded by the want of your presence at Portsmouth, there being no Master of Attendance there. You 
are therefore to repair thither forthwith and use your utmost endeavor to send out that part of the fleet 
that is to go out from thence, which is very much retarded.' " 

15 "Admiralty Committee to the Lords Commissioners of the Great Seal. It has been the custom 
that the Navy Commissioners should be in the commission [of peace] for cos. Essex, Kent, Surrey, 
Middlesex and Hants, and as the said Commissioners should have some power in all these counties, 
having to do in maritime affairs, and there being watermen in all of them, and as Col. William Willoughby, 
one of them, is ordered to reside at Portsmouth for better expediting the service, we desire you to order 
that he be placed in the Commission of the Peace for co. Hants." — Calendar of State Papers, Domestic 
Series, 1650. . . . London, . . . 1876, p. 162. 


" But the Colonel's term of usefulness in this department was of short 
continuance. July n, 165 1, it was reported to the House by Mr. Bond, 
from the Council of State, that Col. Willoughby was lately dead, and 
that they recommended Capt. Robert Moulton senior, in his place ; where- 
upon Moulton was appointed. At the same time it was referred to the 
Council of State to make payments to Col. Willoughby ' of his monies ; 
which with great willingness and good affection he laid out for defence of 
the river of Thames, in the time of the insurrections of Kent and Essex ; 
and of other monies due to him from the State.' " 

Col. Willoughby, born under Queen Elizabeth, lived through the 
reigns of James I. and Charles I., and through the restless times which 
followed the beheading of the latter, did active service to his country 
under Parliamentary rule, but did not survive to see the Protectorate of 

The remains of Col. Willoughby were interred in St. Thomas's 
Church, Portsmouth, where is to be found a mural tablet to his memory, 
with this inscription : 

"Heerevnder lyeth y e body of Willi: Willovghby Esq:, formerly Collo: of a 
Regiment belonging to the Hamlets of y e Tower (London), and at his deceas a Com- 
missioner of y e Navie, aged 63 years, who departed this life y e 30 March 165 1. Mors 
mihi Lvcrum." 

Above the inscription his arms are emblazoned, as given at the head 
of this monograph — the old Willoughby de Eresby arms. 

When we first hear of William Willoughby as Purveyer of Timber, in 
1628, he was holding office under Charles I. He retained this place under 
the Parliamentary Government, became Captain and soon Colonel, in a 
volunteer Regiment, and at last Commissioner of the Royal Navy, and 
died in 1651, while still in active service, after having been continuously 
in Government offices, between these dates, for twenty-three years. 
Col. Chester felt convinced that Col. Willoughby was related to the 
noble family of his name, because no man could have obtained the high 
offices which he filled, who had not friends influential with the Govern- 


ment. But the relationship was not established during the lifetime of 
Col. Chester. We now have reason to believe, as will be seen, that Francis 16 
fifth Lord Willoughby of Parham, who was, in 1643, a General in the 
army of the Parliament, but afterwards a Royalist, was third cousin, twice 
removed, to Col. William. The Colonel's rapid promotion in the military 
service may therefore well have been due to the influence of this nobleman. 

In the "Calendar of State Papers" he is always spoken of with 
much respect, is called " Mr. Willoughby," the designation of a " Gentle- 
man," before he had acquired the titles of Captain and Colonel. His 
frequent requests to the Admiralty for facilities to perform the duties of 
his office received ready attention, and appear to have been promptly com- 
plied with. His advances of his own money for the public service were 
the more generous because there was little security for their re-payment in 
those troublous and uncertain times. He was evidently a man of strong 
patriotism, intense religious convictions, much earnestness and warmth of 
feeling, and energy and courage in action. 

The old Navy Office in London was in Seething Lane, and there no 
doubt Col. William Willoughby must have resided, as did his widow and 
his son after him, when in London. The famous courtier and statesman 
Sir Francis Walsingham and many other distinguished men resided in the 
same Lane. It was in close vicinity to Buttolph's Lane where was the 
home of the widow of Enoch Lynde, and to the Tower of London. 
When the Kings of England held their Court in the Tower, it was natural 
that the presence of royalty should attract many of the nobility and gentry 
to reside in the then fashionable vicinity of the royal fortress. 

London at that time was a small city, and those of the same religion 
were brought into relations of interests and sympathies. There seems 
every reason to believe therefore that common interests, of society, business 
and religion, had brought Col. William Willoughby and his wife into per- 
sonal acquaintance with Elizabeth (Digby) Lynde. Yet they could not 
have foreseen that the granddaughter of one would marry the grandson of 
the other, and that, nearly two centuries and a half later, a descendant of 


that marriage would note down for the future all the facts which can now 
be obtained concerning her great grandfather and great grandmother in 
the fifth degree. 

" On examination of Col. William Willoughby's accounts, it was 
found that .£1622. 16s. 4.6.., for the hire of ships to guard the Thames 
during the insurrections in Kent and Essex, were due at the time of his 
death ; and the Council of State on October 3 1 ordered that it should 
be paid to his wife out of the excise in course, with an allowance at six 
per cent, until paid. 

" ' On petition of Elizabeth widow of Col. William Willoughby, 
November 1651, search was made to see if warrant was issued for payment 
of ^300. to Col. Willoughby and Company (Maurice Thompson and 
William Pennoyer) for the loan of two ships for the service of Ireland ; 
and, if so, cancel it . . . and /150. still due to his estate to be raised, 
etc., etc' — "Calendar of State Papers." 

"After the Colonel's death his widow made application to Parliament, 
from time to time, for repayment of the monies which her husband's 
patriotic zeal had so liberally expended for the public welfare ; but we fail 
to learn definitely with what successful result. 

" Mrs. Willoughby continued to reside for a while in Portsmouth, but 
after the Restoration was living in London, whence, we have every reason 
to believe, she accompanied her son Francis to New England in the 
summer of 1662. On the Charlestown Records there is an entry of 

' Willoughby died 15 th Sept. 1662,' which undoubtedly refers to 

the lady in question ; and Mr. Wyman, the historian of that place, is of 
the same opinion. Her Will, dated 'London, May 1662,' was identified 
by her son Mr. Francis Willoughby at Charlestown, who, being sworn, 
'23; i2 mo : 1662' [23 February, 1662-63], 'do say that he found this 
instrument in the box of the abovesaid M rs . Eliz : Willoughby his mother, 
and took y e same thence after her decease, and that according to his best 
knowledge y° subscripccon of her name It is wrote by her owne Hand, 
and y l He knows of no after will.' Entry and record was made 2 : 2 mo : 
1663, in the Middlesex co. Probate Court East Cambridge, Mass., where 
the original may still be seen on file, the seal bearing an impression of the 
following arms, viz : A chevron engrailed between three boar's heads." 



The Wills of Col. William Willoughby and of Mrs. Elizabeth 
Willoughby his wife are here inserted : the first in abstract, by Mr. 
FitzGilbert Waters of London ; the latter in full, copied for us from the 
original on file at East Cambridge, Mass.: 

"The last Will and Testament of William Willoughby, made at Portsmouth in 
the County of South Hampton, i August 1650; proved at London, 6 May 1651, 
by Elizabeth Willoughby relict-Executrix, etc. — contained in nine articles, and 
ordered by him to be written on the eight pages of these two sheets of paper, which 
was accordingly done the same day. 

"Wife Elizabeth to be executrix. To eldest son Francis W. the sum of two 
hundred pounds, to be paid him within twelve months after my death. If wife E. 
should be married again to another, then I do hereby give unto my said son Francis 
three hundred pounds more ; and also I give him one-half of my moveable good 
and half my plate ; which said money and goods he shall receive at or about the 
time when my wife E. shall be married to another. I do hereby give and bequeath 
unto each of the three eldest children of my son Fr. W., that are now remaining alive, 
the sum of fifty pounds apiece ; which for all three amounteth to an hundred and 
fifty pounds, to remain in the hands of E. my foresaid wife, except she marry herself 
to another. In that case it is to be made over to my son Fr., to be by him paid unto 
the male children of his body before said, when they shall come to the age of twenty 
years, and to the female children either at day of their marriage or at eighteen years 
of age, which shall first happen. And if any of son Fr. his three children aforesaid 
should die before their age and time abovesaid, the legacy of that child that should 
die I make over and do appoint it to be given to his fourth child that shall live, etc. 
If all die, I give the same to their father to dispose of as he shall see fit. To son 
William 1 '* 1 Willoughby the sum of ten pounds for his portion, and no more, till it 
shall please God to give him grace, or till he shall be civilized, betaking himself to some 
lawful calling, to live in the world as a man should do ; which if he do, and after 
one year's experience thereof there shall be testimony brought concerning the truth 
of the same, under four godly men's hands, I do hereby give and beq. unto him my 
said son Wm. W. one hundred pounds, besides the ten pounds forementioned. And if 
after one twelve month's experience more of his reformation, or being civilized, 
living as a man should do, with esteem of godly and judicious men in the world, and 
that there come a testimony thereof under the hands of three godly ministers and 
three godly able christians, who before their certifying shall be made fully to under- 
stand this fifth article of my Will, I do then hereby will and bequeath unto him my 


son W. one hundred pounds more, which said hundred pounds shall then be at his 
own dispose forever. Furthermore, if he the said W. W. should by any means really 
become lame, decrepit, or any other way else become helpless to himself, as by sickness 
or the like, by which if, for want of relief, he should be ready to perish — in such case as 
this, though he be not changed, neither in heart nor life, and thereby made uncapable 
of enjoying the least part of either the one or the two hundred pounds forementioned, 
my will therefore is that the two hundred pounds forementioned be put forth to the 
best use that can be, provided also that it be put into the hands of such who shall 
give good security for it ; and so there shall be a yearly pension allowed him out of 
the profit thereof, whilst he remains in so helpless a condition as aforesaid, and not 
else and no longer. Furthermore, if he the said W. W. still remaining in his 
present ' deboisht ' and wicked condition, not reformed as aforesaid, should have 
any child or children lawfully begotten of his body, I do hereby will and appoint 
one hundred pounds of the two hundred pounds to be given his child, if he have but 
one, at twenty years of age, if a male, and, if it be a female, then at eighteen years of 
age, or at day of her marriage, which should happen first. And if the said W. W., by 
his wicked course still remaining uncapable of the other hundred pounds by reason 
aforesaid, die in said condition, having no more children but one as aforesaid, then, 
after the said William's death, I do hereby give and bequeath this other hundred 
pounds to the children of my eldest son Francis W., to be equally divided amongst 
them, at their age and time aforesaid, etc., etc. If my son W. W. die unreformed, 
without lawful issue, etc., then I will and appoint that the two hundred pounds 
aforesaid be given to the children of my eldest son F. W., to be equally divided, etc. 
— To my cousin Lawrence Hammond the sum of twenty pounds, to be paid him 
when he shall be twenty years of age. If he die before he come to that age, then my 
wife Elizabeth to dispose of it as she pleaseth. But, if he live till he be twenty 
years of age, and also if an augmentation to what I have here given him may tend 
to his preferment and future eminent good, I then refer his condition to the care and 
dispose of my wife as aforesaid and my son Francis. Seventhly, I give and bequeath 
to such poor kindred as doth belong unto me, and to my wife Elizabeth, the sum of 
twenty pounds, to be divided amongst them at the discretion of my aforesaid wife, 
etc. Eighthly, I give and bequeath to poor housekeepers here in Portsmouth the 
sum of five pounds, at discretion of my aforesaid wife and the rest of the overseers 
of this my will. To poor housekeepers in the hamlet of Wapping in Middlesex, 
London, where I formerly dwelt, the sum of .five pounds, etc., etc. I give and 
bequeath unto John Greene the sum of five pounds, for his rare helpfulness and 
assistance to my forementioned wife in the management of my business, and settling 



my accounts. Ninthly, I do hereby authorize and desire my eldest son F. W., and 
my special friends Mr. Maurice Thompson and Mr. John Tailer, to take upon them 
the charge, and to be the overseers, of this my will, and in the seeing all and every 
the particulars mentioned in the several articles of this my will duly performed, as 
my confidence in them is, so also do. I do hereby earnestly desire them to have 
especial regard to my beloved wife, whom I have made executrix of this my will, as 
knowing that she will be a careful and loving mother to my children ; for which 
reason I have given no more from her, whom I do here desire further (out of my 
fatherly care also to my children), that, if God should call her away by death, or to a 
married condition again, that then she would be careful to make up that to my 
children wherein I have been wanting now, out of my respect to her ; on whom, as 
my executrix, I have bestowed the most of my estate, because my resolutions are 
that my children should subject themselves to her, and not she to them ; on whom, 
as my last part of my Will I lay this charge, that, as they regard the command of a 
dying father, and as they will answer the contrary at the great day of judgment, 
they do love, honor, protect, obey and every way else, to the utmost of their power, 
submit themselves unto their mother, according to God's word, in all conditions 
whatsoever, that so they might enjoy the desired blessings of long life here and 
eternal life hereafter. 

"Signed by me this 28 November 1650, with my hand and seal — William 
Willoughby — In presence of John Greene, Lawrence Hammond." 

" Be it Remembred and knowne vnto all people this — day of May Annoq. domini 
1662, And in the ffowerteenth yeare of y e Reigne of our Soueraigne lord Charles y e 
Second, King of England, etc. That I Elizabeth Willoughby of y e Citty of London, 
Relict and Executrix of William Willoughby, late of Portsmouth in the County of 
Hamps, Esquire, deceased, being at this present of perfect memorie and vnderstand- 
ing (through y e goodnes of Almightie god), And calling to mind the frailetie of 
Humane flesh and the vncertaine Continuance of the Same in this world, And being 
desirous Soe to dispose and Settle that porcon of worldly estate and goods w ch it 
hath pleased my heauenly father to bestowe vpon mee towards my maintenance here 
in this world, As y e same may (if it Soe please y e greate giuer thereof) be quiettly 
enioyed, after my decease, by those to whome I shall giue and dispose the Same, doe 
make and ordaine this my present last Will and testament, in manner and forme 
following, ffirst and principally, I resigne my Soule and Spiritt into the hands of 
Allmighty God my Creator, And to his blessed Sonn Jesus Christ my Redeemer, 


And I bequeath my bodie to the Earth from whence it came, to be decently buryed 
at the discretion of my Executor. And my will is that, vpon the occasion of my 
decease, there Shall be no mourneing Apparrell or Habitts given at anie time, nor to 
anie psons, no not in the family, for or by reason of my death. 

"Item. Whereas, vpon my late Sonn William's Reformacon, I did formerly 
paie him the Legacie or Legacies, Summe or Summes of money, w ch his father my 
late husband did by his last will and Testament bequeath vnto him, And haueing 
Since, and besides that, beene divers waies helpfull, and of my owne Consent and 
voluntary free will, giuen vnto him that w ch I Saw needfull, Convenient and 
Sufficient for him, during his life time, Soe that nothing may or cann be more 
expected from mee by his Heires, Executors, Administrators or Assignes, for y l hee 
lately died, and left noe Issue by him lawfully of his bodie begotten, w ch I mencon 
in this my Will to y e end y' all manner of Contencon, Strife and words for the future 
may be prevented, that anie pson or psons, vpon anie pretence of right, in his name 
or stead, or anie other way, may presume to make for or Concerneing anie 
Challenge, Claime and demand of or from mee or my Executor, vnder any Colour 
or pretence whatsoeuer, other then what hath alreadie beene by mee done and 
pformed to him as aforesaid. Item : I giue and bequeath vnto y e Two Eldest sonns 
of my Sonn francis Willoughby, That is to say, vnto Jonathan and Nehemiah my 
Grandchildren, to each of them, y e summe of Tenn poundes of good and lawfull 
money of England. Item : I bequeath vnto Sarah y e onely daughter of my said 
Sonn francis y e Summe of Tenn pounds of like lawfull money of England. Item : 
I giue and bequeath vnto William y e Third sonn of my Said Sonn francis y e Summe 
of Thirty pounds of like lawfull money of England, w ch Legacies shall be paid to y e 
said Jonathan, Nehemiah, Sarah and William as followeth (viz) my will is That 
Jonathan and Sarah shall receiue y e Tenn pounds apeice, hereby bequeathed to each 
of them, within one Twelue moneth next after y e day of my decease: And my will 
is y' Nehemiah shall receiue y e Tenn pounds, hereby bequeathed vnto him, Soe 
Soone as he shall arriue at y e age of One and Twenty yeares. And my will and 
meaneing is y l William shall likewise receiue his Legacie of Thirtie pounds at y e 
age of one and Twenty yeares. All w cb said legacies, by mee given vnto my said 
foure Grandchildren before menconed, shalbe paid vnto them respectmely, by my 
Executor hereafter named, at and according to y e seuerall and respectiue ages and 
times before limitted and appointed. Item : I will and appoint y l y e One hundred 
pounds by mee lately deliuered to my daughter Margarett, my said Sonn francis his 
now Wife, be giuen vnto their Sonn francis. And I doe hereby giue and bequeath y e 
same One hundred poundes vnto y e Said francis my Grandson, to be paid vnto him 


when hee shall arriue at y e age of One and twenty yeares, My said Sonn francis or 
Margarett paieing mee (neuertheless), yearely and euery yeare, the due Interest 
thereof whilst I liue, And after my decease to improue y e s d sume of One hundred 
pounds w th y e Interest of y e same for y e vse and behoofe of him y e s d francis my 
Grandsonn, till hee shall Arriue at y" Age aforesaid. Item : I giue and bequeath 
one hundred pounds of lawfull money of England to Nathaniell Second Sonn to 
my Said Sonn francis, by Margarett his now wife, to be paid by my Executor to my 
said Grandchild Nathaniell when hee shall Arriue at y e Age of One and Twenty 
yeares. And my will is y\ if either of my Said Grandchildren, by Margarett my 
Sonn francis his now wife, Shall happen to die before Such theire attaineing to y e 
ages before expressed, then y e legacie here giuen to such Child soe dyeing shall be 
and remaine vnto y e other of them y l Shall Surviue. But, if both of them Shall 
happen to die before theire Arriuall at y e Said time of paiement, then y e said legacies 
to discend and come vnto y e next Child or Children y l Shall be begotten by my Said 
Sonn and borne vnto him vpon y e bodie of y e s a Margarett his now wife, and y e 
Survivor of them, and be equally devided betwixt them, and paid vnto them 
respectiuely at theire Seuerall attainements vnto y e ages of One and twenty yeares as 
aforesaid. But, for want of such Issue soe to be borne and Surviue vnto my Said Sonn 
francis by y e Said Margarett as aforesaid, Then my will and appointment is y l y e 
two last menconed legacies bequeathed to y e Children of my Said Sonn francis and 
daughter Margarett, as aforesaid, shalbe equally devided amongst all my Said Sonn 
francis his Children, and be paid vnto them, or as manie of them as shall arriue at 
y e respectiue ages and times of paiement aforesaid. And I doe appoint y e like 
Course to be taken in Case of Mortallity Concerneing y e legacies by mee given to 
anie or all of y e foure Children of my said Sonn francis first menconed in this my 
will (viz.) That, if anie of them happen to die before their Arriuall at y e age and 
time limitted for paiement of their said legacie or legacies, Then my will and 
meaneing is That that Child's or those Children's legacies (soe dyeing) be equally 
devided amongst all y e rest of my Said Sonn francis his Children y' shall Surviue, 
whether alreadie borne vnto him or such as may be hereafter borne, being lawfully 
by him begotten and arriueing at y e respectiue ages and times aforesaid. 

"Item: I giue and bequeath vnto my sister Anna Griffin of Portsmouth the 
Summe of ffiue pounds of good and lawfull money of England, to be paid her w th in 
one moneth after y e death of Wm. Griffen her husband, if she soe Long liue." Item : 

13 Mr. Waters in his Genealogical Gleanings in England (N. E. Hist. Geneal. Register) speaks of 
Rebecca Saintbury, (probably Sainsbury) of St. Olave, Southwark, co. Surrey, as making a bequest in 


I giue and bequeath vnto my sister Jane Hammond of Virginia the summe of ffiue 
poundes of good and lawfull monie of England, to be paid her or to her order w th in 
Twelue moneths after my decease. Item : I giue and bequeath vnto my Kinsman 
Laurance Hammond, Sonn to my Sister Jane aforesaid, The Summe of ffiue poundes to 
be p d vnto him vv tb in Six moneths next after the daie of my decease. Item : I giue and 
bequeath vnto John Greene of Charlestowne in New England (formerly servant to 
my late Husband and my Selfe, and Since that to my Said Sonn francis) the summe 
of fiue poundes of lawfull money of England, to be paid vnto him y e Said John 
Greene w tb in one moneth after the daie of my death. Item : I giue and bequeath 
vnto each of y e servants y l shalbe in my Said sonn francis his family, and belong- 
ing vnto him at y e time of my decease, y e Summe of Twenty Shillings, to be paid to 
each of them w tb in one weeke after y e daie of my death. And lastly I doe hereby 
nominate, ordaine and make my Wei beloved Sonn francis Willoughby to be my 
whole and Sole Executor of this my last will and testament, to whome, my debts 
and funeralls discharged, and Legacies aforesaid paid, I giue and bequeath all y e 
Residue of my goods and Chattells, and estate whatsoeuer, personall or Reall, in 
whose hands soeuer y e same may be found, to haue and to hould vnto him my Said 
sonn francis his heires, Executors, Administrators and Assignes for euer, in as full 
and ample manner, to all intents, Constructions and purposes, as y e Same was at 
anie time or times heretofore possessed by mee, or ought of right to haue been 
possessed and enjoyed by mee in anie manner of wise. And I make and ordaine my 
much respected and Singular good freinds Robert Thomson" and John Taylor, both 
of y e Citty of London, Esq", Ouerseers of this my last Will and Testament, Earnestly 
intreateing them, out of the loue w ch they haue alwayes Expressed vnto mee, to be 
Councello", And euery other way needfull Assisting, vnto my said Executor. In 
wittness whereof I the said Elizabeth Willoughby doe hereby Renounce, Null and 
make voyd all former Wills by mee made at anie time or times heretofore, And haue 
herevnto sett my hand and seale (as y e same is Conteyned in one Whole Side of a 
Sheete of paper and thus much of another side) the daie and yeare first aboue 

her Will to her niece Elizabeth Griffin in Virginia — ,£20. Among early grants of land in Virginia is one 
of 1662 December 9, to William Griffin. This was about the time when Dep.-Gov. Willoughby proved 
his mother's Will. Elizabeth Griffin may have been her niece and namesake. The Griffins may have 
gone to Virginia to join the Hammonds, as relatives, who were there before this time. 

14 " Major Robert Thompson, a Commissioner of the Navy under Cromwell, had been in Boston in 
N. E. in 1639, and was a member there of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company ; supposed to 
have been a brother-in-law of Gov. Edward Hopkins of Connecticut." 


" Moreouer be it likewise Remembred y* I doe hereby giue and bequeath vnto 
Jonathan Willoughby, my sonne fifrancis his eldest sonn, y e summe of Tenn poundes 
ouer and besides y° Tenn poundes aboue menconed to be giuen vnto him in this my 
Will, to be paid vnto him at y e time limitted for y e paiement of y e former Tenn 
poundes hereby giuen vnto him. And I desire y' this addicon may be taken as pte 
of my Will, it being inserted before y e ensealeing and publishing thereof." 

Ellisabeth Willoughby j seal. | ' 

" Signed, Sealed and Published, the daie and yeare aforesaid, in the presence of 
vs. after these words (Thirtie pounds at y e age of) was interlined, And after y' 
addicon of Tenn pounds to Jonathan's Legacie was Inserted, at y e Close of this 

" Hen: Paman 
John Parker [?]." 

In regard to William son of Col. William and Elizabeth Willoughby, 
Mr. Greenwood writes in his manuscript notes : 

" Whether the mother was disposed to look with more leniency upon 
the failings of her offspring, we may not know, suffice it, the prodigal was 
forgiven and received the legacies bequeathed by his father, whom he did 
not long survive. Elizabeth/ 151 daughter of ' Mr. William Willoughby,' 
was buried at Portsmouth 13 May, 1656, and the next year the parish 
register records his own burial, December 17 [1657], as ' William Willowby, 
Gentleman'; he left no issue. His Will, dated at Portsmouth 6 Decem- 
ber 1657, was proved in the Prerog. Court of Canterbury, March 5th 
following, by his relict Mary, to whom, from an imperfect extract, we 
learn that he left his two houses in Portsmouth, and all his goods for life 
or widowhood. If she married again, 15 she was to pay to Jonathan, his 
brother Francis's eldest son, /50, and ^50 each to his said brother's 
eldest daughter Sarah, his son Nehemiah, and his youngest son William. 

16 She married again, as appears by the following : " 1660 July 25 John Brickenden of Gray's Inn, 
Esquire, Bach.', about 33, and Mary Willoughby of Portsmouth co South' ", widow, about 35, at Portsea 
or Wymering co. South ,gn ." 


He left ^5 to Timothy son of his brother Lydiat, probably his wife's 
brother. There are no other bequests, and "no allusion whatever to any 
family relations." 

"Concerning the son Francis [i] Willoughby, much of interest may 
be found in Frothingham's ' History of Charlestown.' 

" Francis Willoughby . . . was admitted an inhabitant of the 
town of Charlestown, in New England, August 22, 1638. According to 
the town-records his property at the time consisted of one parcel of ground, 
with a house upon it, situated to the south of the Mill Hill, facing north 
upon Elbow or Crooked Lane (afterwards Bow Street), with the Charles 
River to the south, another lane on the east, and the garden-plots of Tho. 
Brigden and Ab. Pratt on the west. Beyond these latter was the land of 
Ed. Johnson, the western boundary of which was Hayles Lane. He had 
also commons for one milch-cow, bought of Peter Garland ; two lots of 
arable land, of two and four acres, along the south side of Mystick River ; 
five acres of woodland in Mystick Field, and some twenty acres of land in 
Waterfield. The next year he bought of Sarah widow of Tho. Ewer a house 
and garden-plot, in the Middle Row, with the Market Place (or Square) to 
the south and west ; Dock Lane (or Water Lane) to south-east, and land 
of Increase Nowell to north-east. Nowell's farther boundary was Well 
Lane. In 1640 some 'remote land,' as it was styled, was set off from 
Charlestown and known as Charlestown Village, to be incorporated in 
1642 under the name of Woburn. Some 3000 acres of this tract, called 
the 'land of Nod,' afterwards part of Wilmington, had been granted at an 
early period to different individuals, Francis Willoughby having 300 acres, 
which he subsequently increased by purchase of 11 50 acres more, which 
had been granted to Capt. Naler and Capt. John Allen. 16 

" Francis Willoughby's family consisted of himself, his wife Mary, and 
his son Jonathan, aged about three years. With his wife he joined the 
church December 8, 1639, from which time forward till his death, he 'was 
almost constantly engaged in public service,' says Frothingham, 'and is 
always respectfully alluded to in the Colonial records.' He was an Ensign 

16 " This was sold May I, 1683, by his widow and executrix (who had married Lawrence Hammond), 
to John Hull, and passed to the latter's son-in-law Judge Samuel Sewall, whose rights to the same were 
confirmed by Nchemiah Willoughby, 1695-6." 


in the Militia, joined the Ancient and Honorable Artillery, though he 
never appears to have risen above the same rank in the Company. The 
oath of Freeman was administered to him 13 May, 1640. During the 
latter year, his wife having died, it would appear that he returned to the 
Old Country seeking consolation, which he soon found in the person of 
Sarah, his second spouse, who, there is evidence to show, was the daughter 
of John Tailer, 17 shipwright of Wapping. Francis Willoughby was a 
prominent merchant also, did much for the improvement of the town, and 
was a Selectman of the same for seven years, from 1640. 

" From a petition of 1641 we learn that he and others had invested a 
great part of their estates in ' building ware-houses and framing wharves,' to 
facilitate the landing of goods, 'not only from about home, but from 
further parts,' praying that the Court would ' appoint a certain rate of 
wharfage, porterage, and housing of goods.' His wharves were on each 
side of the Ferry-ways, where he owned considerable property, and his 
ship-yard on the site of the Fitchburg railroad depot (or in Warren 
Avenue) ; where in 1641 he was engaged in building a ship, to encourage 
which enterprise the town gave him liberty 'to take timber from the 
common ' and without ' being bound to cut up the tops of the trees.' 

" A part of his large property was granted to him in 1649, when, says 
Frothingham, ' a road was laid out to the landing so that boats might go to 
low-water-mark,' he 'agreeing to build wharf and stairs for passengers and 
maintain them.' 

"While a Deputy from Charlestown in the General Court of 1642, he 
together with Messrs. Haughton, Andrews and others, was publicly 
thanked, September 8th, for their kindness. 

" He was a Selectman 1640-47; Representative 1649-50; Assistant 
1650 and i65i, 1B and set out, during the latter year, for England, doubtless 
to arrange the estate of his late father. Not long before his departure 
(in May, 1650) he was appointed one of a committee to draw up, within 
the next six months, a code of maritime laws for the colony." 19 

11 John Tailer (or Taylor) was by government-appointment ship builder to the Navy. He was 
one of the Commissioners of the Navy under Parliament. 

" "Whitmore's Civil List gives 1650-55." 

19 "Whereas this common wealth is much defectiue for want of lawes for marityne affayres, and 
forasmuch as there are already many good lawes made and published by o r owne lande & the 
French nation, & other kingdomes & common wealthes, this Court doth therefore order, that the said 


From Shurtleff's " Records of the Governor and Company of the 
Massachusetts Bay," ii. and iii., we learn that 

May 22, 1646, Mr. Francis Willoughby was chosen one of a close com- 
mittee to draw up and give instructions to Thomas Dudley Esq., Dep.-Gov., 
and others, Chosen Commissioners to go to Penobscot ; and that 

May 7, 1649, Mr. Willoughby and others "are appointed a comittee 
to consider of a way, & drawe vp a lawe, ffor dividing y e shieres, & treasury 
in each shier, bringing all Courts to an aequality for power & noumber, y* 
what maybe y° country be eased, & the p'iudice of the negative vote 

" He was in England during the year 1648, if we understand Winthrop 
aright, who mentions an altercation between Willoughby and Dr. Robert 
Child, which took place on the Exchange in London, the latter speaking 
disparagingly of the New Englanders and responding to the epithet of 
knave with a box upon the ear, whereupon, ere W. could resent the affront 
in any way, the parties were separated. Subsequently the Doctor was 
obliged ' to give Mr. W. open satisfaction in the full Exchange, and to 
give five pounds to the poor of New England, for Mr. W. would have 
nothing of him,' and to promise in writing that he never would speak evil 
of New England again, nor cause the country trouble. 

"We also see that Willoughby loaned the Colonial agent, Mr. Winslow, 
five pounds, in 1648, a circumstance which doubtless took place in 

There exists a Journal of the Deputy-Governor, of the years 1650-51, 
respecting which we have the following statement by Rev. Mr. Budington 
in his " History of the First Church, Charlestown" (p. 208) : 

lawes, printed & published in a booke called Lex Mercatoria, shalbe p'used & duly considered, and 
such of them as are approued by this Courte shalbe declared & published, to be in force within this 
jurisdiction after such a time as this Court shall appoynt : and it is further ordred, that" several others 
and Mr. Willoughby " shalbe a committee to ripen the worke, & to make returne of that which they shall 
conclude vppon vnto the Generall Court. . . ." 


"There is a curious old manuscript volume, belonging to the Antiquarian 
Society at Worcester, containing a journal written in a very difficult cypher, which 
appears from certain internal evidences to have been written by Gov. Willoughby. I 
found a large loose sheet, folded between the pages of the journal, in the hand- 
writing of Thomas Shepard the 2d, and seeming to be a key, in part, to the cypher. 
But notwithstanding the aid thus afforded, and the assistance of skilful friends, I 
have been unable to decypher it, or even judge of the comparative value of its con- 
tents. It is entitled 'A continuation of my daily observation,' and comprises a 
period of time from 1. 91110. 1650, to 28. xomo. 1651. It was certainly written in 
Charlestown, for on the first page is a brief account, not written in cypher, of a fire, 
which consumed eleven or twelve houses, 21. 9mo. 1650. In an ancient interleaved 
almanac, in the possession of Rev. Mr. Sewall of Burlington, is a notice of this fire, 
under the same date, as happening in Charlestown, proving conclusively that the 
journal was written in Charlestown. And no doubt this is the calamity to which 
Johnson alludes in his ' Wonder Working Providence,' and which he describes as a 
'terrible fire which happened in Charles-Town, in the depth of Winter, 1650, by a 
violent wind blown from one house to another, to the consuming of the fairest 
houses in the Town.' " 

The following passage, not in cypher, probably led Mr. Budington to 
draw his conclusion as to Willoughby's having written the manuscript : 

'This day was the day of Elections . . . reasons following I did not accept 
of the employment, first in that the Cort hath to deale many times in matters of 
religion, and many times in tender things wh a man had neede of good understand- 
ing & knowledge that he may doe wt he doth in fayth, and being weeke and ignorant 

conseve myself not fitt by ... ye weaknesse of my abilityes, my not being 

that way, 3dly my caule to England ye latter end of ye year, if God spare my life, 
4th my many occasions in ye meane time taking much of my time, by wh I feare 
being in a snare betwene my own occasions and ye publique.' 

"The call to England, above alluded to, was undoubtedly the settle- 
ment of his late father's estate, Col. Willoughby having, as we have seen, 
died in March 1651. It does not appear that any of his family accom- 
panied him, his eldest son Jonathan having just entered College, and his 
wife Sarah remaining to care for the little household, consisting of her 
daughter and namesake aged ten years, and a young son, Nehemiah, aged 
seven ; she did not long remain, however, after the birth of a second son, 


William, the following year, but reached Portsmouth with her family about 
December 21, 1653, tne vessel narrowly escaping the fate of her consort, 
which was carried into Brest." 

Prof. Dexter of Yale University has examined this manuscript 
recently, and satisfied himself that it is a journal of Dep.-Gov. Willoughby, 
but found the cipher too difficult to read. Through the courtesy of the 
President of the Am. Antiq. Society, we have ourselves examined the old 
manuscript with much curiosity, but little instruction. 

A letter from the late Hon. George B. Loring, our Minister to Portugal, 
written in 1889, gives the following extract from Thomas Prince's " Chron- 
ological History of New England," in which reference is made to another 
book of notes by the Deputy-Governor covering the years from 165 1 
to 1678: 

"'Two original Books of Dep.-Gov. Willoughby and Capt. Hammond, giving 
Historical Hints from 1651 to 1678 inclusive.' 

"This was an octavo Manuscript," Mr. Loring adds, "and was probably- 
destroyed in the fire at the Old South Church, when a portion of Prince's books 
and papers, which were deposited there, were burned. I can find no historical 
record whatever of Dep.-Gov. Willoughby and Capt. Hammond, nor any trace of 
their manuscript." 

"In June 1652, war having been declared against Holland, Francis 
Willoughby, Edward Winslow 20 and Edward Hopkins, 21 petitioned that 

80 " Ex-Gov. of Plymouth Colony; sent out 1646 as Agent for Mass. Bay Colony." 

81 " Ex-Gov. of Connecticut Colony ; appointed 1652 a Com. of Navy ; chosen 1656 M. P. from 
Clifton, co. Devon; died London, 1657. He had been a Turkey merchant, before coming to New 
England in 1637." 

In a note to Savage's Winthrop Journal (i. 274, note) is the following extract from the Will of 
Gov. Edward Hopkins of Connecticut: 

" I do give unto my honored and loving friends Major Robert Thomson and Mr. Francis 
Willoughby ,£20. a piece, in a piece of plate, as a token of my respects unto them." 

He makes these gentlemen overseers of his last Will and Testament. It was also by the advice of 
Major Robert Thompson and Mr. Francis Willoughby that Gov. Hopkins left ",£500. out of his estate 
in Old England, to give some encouragement in those foreign plantations for the breeding up of hopeful 
youths, both at the Grammar School and College, for the public service of the country in future times." 
(Id., i. 273-74, note.) This is the original foundation on which rests the Hopkins Grammar School of 
New Haven. 


they might be permitted to send a ship, with store of powder, shot and 
swords, to New England, and to give notice to the colonies of the 
differences between the Commonwealth and the United Provinces. The 
Committee for Foreign Affairs, in recommending that liberty be granted 
for the same, also suggested ' that it be declared by the Council of State 
that, as the colonies may expect all fitting encouragement and assistance 
from hence, so they should demean themselves against the Dutch as 
declared enemies to the Commonwealth.' License was accordingly given, 
July 29, for the 'John Adventure,' Richard Thurston, master, to proceed 
to Boston, with one ton of shot and fifty-six barrels of powder, in consort 
with the other ships bound the same way ; and the receipt of this ammuni- 
tion was acknowledged by the Commissioners of the United Colonies, in a 
letter of September 24, 1653, to Mr. Winslow.^ 

" Sir Henry Vane Jr. was now President of the Council of State, in 
which body was vested all the power formerly belonging to the office of 
the Lord Admiral ; whether Sir Henry favored the New Englanders, over 
whom he had formerly ruled as Governor, cannot be precisely asserted, but 
several of the colonists obtained, about this time, excellent positions in the 
Navy. September 28, 1652, the President reported from the Council of 
State, that they ' having taken into consideration the necessity of settling 
some fit person to be a Commissioner at Portsmouth, in the room of 
Capt. Robert Moulton, lately deceased ; and having received very good 
satisfaction of the fidelity and good ability of Capt. Francis Willoughby, 
son to the late Colonel Willoughby, late commissioner there, for that trust : 
do humbly present him to the Parliament as a fit and able man for the 
management of the State's affairs in that place, if the Parliament shall so 
think fit.' Whereupon Capt. Willoughby was appointed one of the Com- 
missioners at Portsmouth, in the place of Capt. Moulton, deceased, and 
with ' like commission, power, authority, salary and other profits and com- 
modities, as the said Capt. Moulton had, or was to receive or enjoy.' This 
office he continued to hold for some years. 

" Council of State, December 8, 1652, to inform Mr. Willoughby that 
his propositions are all under consideration, and that orders have been 
given upon several according to his desire ; and especially that Council 
have desired the Navy Committee to authorize him to draw bills upon 

25 " Plymouth Records, x. 104.' 


them not exceeding ^"iooo. Also to desire him to hasten to his charge at 
Portsmouth, and to do his best in refitting two frigates lately come in, and 
promoting all navy matters there. 

" From the recently published ' Memoir of Gen. Deane' (see 'Regis- 
ter,' xxv. 299), we learn that the first intelligence of ' the three days' 
battle off Portland,' in which that officer, together with Generals Blake 
and Monk, were engaged against the Dutch, was received in London by 
the Commissioners of Admiralty through a letter from Capt. Willoughby, 
dated February 19, 1652-3." 

His second wife, Mrs. Sarah (Taylor) Willoughby, who, as we have 
seen, returned to England in 1653, with three children, Sarah, Nehemiah 
and William, probably died there, leaving these children with their 

"Jan. 22, 1654, Capt. Francis Willoughby asks for the appointment of 
a Master Attendant [for Portsmouth], being unable to do the service of 
both places ; the State suffers." (Cal. of State P., Dom. S., 1653-54, 
P- 550.) 

On the 8th of March following another Attendant was appointed. 
Till then he had held both the offices which had been enjoyed by his 

On January 9, 1654, there was an 

" order on a report from the Admiralty Committee . . . that there be allowed 
to . . . Thos. Smith, Robert Thompson, Peter Pett, Neh. Bourne, Edw. Hopkins, 
and Fras. Willoughby, Navy Commissioners, over and above their 250/. salary, 150/. 
each for their extraordinary care last year for despatching the affairs of the fleet." 
(Cal. of State P., ut supra, p. 351.) 

How faithfully Commissioner Willoughby continued this "extraordi- 
nary care," through the eight years he was in office, may be inferred from 
the abstracts of his many letters to the Admiralty Committee, and theirs 
to him, and other records of his doings, in the Calendar of State Papers 
between 1652 and 1660. They show his great administrative ability, and 


untiring energy in building, repairing, fitting out and despatching ships, his 
anxious oversight of them in their voyages and battles, his tender care for 
the comfort of the seamen, in sickness and health, and his power of con- 
trolling the mutinous, his active measures against pirates, and his vigilance 
in guarding the coast. The inspiring motive of all his activity is shown to 
have been his religious fidelity, and his enthusiastic devotion to his " poor 
nation," whose perils and distresses made his heart sore. The vigor, free- 
dom and elegance of his style show the high character of his mind, and 
the excellence of his education. 

Commissioner Willoughby was repeatedly commended by the Admir- 
alty, and it is evident that his services were appreciated by the Protector. 
On February 16, 1657-58, the Admiralty Commissioners, by "His High- 
ness's [Cromwell's] special order, committed to Majors Rob. Thompson, 
Neh. Bourne and Fras. Willoughby" the care of victualing the ships, 
which charge they had had "since the 10th April last," after the decease of 
Capt. Thos. Alderne ; " and that 250/. a year should be allowed to each of 
them." (Cal. of State P., Dom. S., 1657-58, p. 291.) 

On January 8, 1658-59, Commissioner Willoughby was chosen as 
member of Parliament for Portsmouth, and " had the unanimous suffrages 
of the Mayor, Aldermen and Burgesses." (Cal. of State P., Dom. S., 
1658-59, p. 248.) 

"This Parliament, having met January 27, 1658-9, was dissolved 
by the short lived authority through which it had been convened, on 
2 2 d April following, to be succeeded in a fortnight by the restoration 
of that fragment of the old Long Parliament, called the Rump, which 
had not met since its forcible dissolution by Cromwell, April 20, 
1653. But their present session was not of long continuance; Gen. 
Lambert, acting for the army, excluded them from the House, Octo- 
ber 13; and a council of officers, appointing among themselves what 
was called a Committee of Safety, to manage affairs, proposed even to call 
a ' new and free parliament ' by their own authority. Early in November 
General Monk, who commanded the forces in Scotland, and many of his 
officers, expressed their dissatisfaction with these proceedings, and declared 


for the old Parliament. The first active steps for the restoration of that 
body, however, were taken by Sir Arthur Haselrig, Col. Morley, and 
Col. Walton, who, adopting the views of Monk, occupied, with their 
regiments, the important town of Portsmouth, on December 4 th , and with 
the consent of the Governor, Col. Nathaniel Whetham, immediately 
issued orders for more forces to come to their assistance, and despatched 
letters to the General in Scotland justifying their proceedings. Col. Rich, 
sent on from London, by the army-faction, to dispossess them, entered the 
town with his regiment, and united interest with the party in occupation. 
This latter officer was an intimate friend of Lawson, who had been 
restored to his position of Vice-Admiral on May 26, and the fleet, having 
been invited to join them, despatched a messenger to Portsmouth, assuring 
Haselrig that they would do nothing in opposition to his party, and soon 
after sent a letter (December 13) to the Lord Mayor, Aldermen and 
Common Council of London, calling upon them to ' use their utmost ' for 
the removal of that restraint and force now put upon the Parliament. 

" Saturday, December 1 7, Vice-Admiral Lawson, having left the 
Downs, sailed into the river Thames with the 'James,' and the rest of the 
fleet, ' declaring their resolutions to endeavor the restoring of the Parliament 
to the exercise of their authority, they judging them the only means to 
restore peace and settlement into these distressed nations.' Accordingly 
on Monday, December 26, the old Parliament met again, and the next day 
ordered that Messrs. Scott, Weaver, and Col. Martin 'prepare letters 
of thanks and acknowledgments of the fidelity and good service of 
Gen. Monk, Vice-Admiral Lawson, and the Commissioners at Ports- 
mouth ; and that Mr. Speaker do sign and seal the said letters with the 
seal of the Parliament' January 9, 1659-60, Lawson was heartily 
thanked at the bar of the House, ' for his constant fidelity, and the great 
and eminent service done by him since the late interruption of Parliament.' 
On Saturday, February 21 (seventeen days after Monk had reached 
London), those members who had been excluded by Col. Pride in 1648 
again took their seats in the House, and the Long Parliament, which had 
first met in 1640, dissolved by its own act, made a final exit March 16, 
1660, and on May 29 King Charles made his public entry into London." 

The last mention of Capt. Willoughby as Commissioner, is in April 1660. 


" Amid the confusion of the times Mr. Willoughby had removed from 
Portsmouth and located in London, as a merchant. Certain deeds, about 
the period of the Restoration, describe Francis Willoughby as ' now dwell- 
ing at his house in Seething Lane in London.'" 

"In April 1662 license was given to Francis Willoughby merchant, 
bound to his habitation in New England, to embark in the ship ' Society ' 
with his family and goods, &c, in company with Capt. John Leverett." 

He took "with him [from England] a third wife, Margaret, whom he 
had there married [as early as 1658-59]." 

We learn from Col. Chester (see Notes Ott tfft tfumllttfi Of 
JLOtXit UttiS <£Ole) that she was Mrs. Margaret (Locke) Taylor daughter 
of William Locke of Wimbledon, co. Surrey, Gent. Her first husband 
was " Daniel Taylor, Gent.," a merchant of London, descended from an 
ancient family in Huntingtonshire. 

" He must have received an excellent education for the time, and been possessed 
of no common natural abilities, or he would hardly have occupied the public posi- 
tions he subsequently held, or become the chosen associate and intimate friend of the 
Rev. John Goodwin and men of his stamp. . . . Both in religion and politics 
he identified himself thoroughly, during the last few years of his life, with the move- 
ments of the Commonwealth. He held at least two official positions under Crom- 
well, being one of the Commissioners for the Sale of the Church Lands, and also 
one of the Commissioners and Collectors of Customs for the District of Berwick- 
upon-Tweed. These offices were both lucrative and honourable. 

" He . . . engaged in the controversies of the times . . . the only pub- 
lication ... I have yet discovered is a letter addressed to John Vicars . . . 
in defence of his pastor and friend Mr. Goodwin. The style of this letter is 
unusually elevated, . . . and affords . . . evidence that he possessed a 
vigorous mind, and was no mean scholar. . . . 

" He was . . . evidently of the stamp of the early New England settlers." 
He was born in 1614. 

In the Dedication to Mr. Taylor's wife and children, printed with the 
sermon preached at his funeral, his pastor Rev. John Goodwin wrote : 


" His intellectual endowments were given him by the largest measure, which 
God in these days is wont to mete unto men. . . . His understanding was large 
and very comprehensive ; his apprehension quick and piercing; his judgment solid 
and mature ; his memory, fast and faithful ; his elocution, or speech, distinct and 
clear, elegant, and fluent enough, yet not luxuriant or pedantick. He was more then 
of ordinary abilities to argue the most thorny and abstruse points in Divinity. . . . 

" In sum, as well for parts of Nature as of Grace, he was an highly accomplisht 
man, adorned and set forth by God for a pattern." 

His first wife and the mother of his children was Rebecca Marsh. 
The Parish Register of Clapham, Surrey, gives the date of his second 
marriage : 

" 1654, Aug. 8. — Daniell Taylor Esq r . of Stephen's, Coleman Street, London, and 
M". Margrett Locke of Wimbolton, Surrey . . . marryed August 8 th before 
Alder : Tichborne. Witness, M r . Jn°. Arthur, M r . Tho : Locke." 

Daniel Taylor speaks of her in his will, dated about six months after 
their marriage, as his "loving and dear wife." He confirms the settlement 
he had already made upon her for life of certain lands called Alton Park, 
Feverells, and Pettison's, in Little and Great Clackton in the county of 
Essex. He also gives her all his fee-farm rents in the County of Chester, 
during her life, his household furniture, and ^40 in money. He also men- 
tions that, before their marriage, he had given her a Necklace of Pearls, a 
Gold Watch, a ring set with Diamonds, etc., and that he had since bestowed 
upon her another " Ring with about eight Diamonds." He left a large 
amount of landed and other property. He was buried April 24, I655. 23 

Francis Willoughby Esq. and Mrs. Margaret (Locke) Taylor had one 
child before leaving England. " In the Parish Register of St. Olave, 
Hart Street, London, is an entry that their son Francis was born 29 Feb. 

1659-60." (See Xotrs on tJjc iFamtlies of 2.ort»r antr Coir.) 

51 See Some Account of the Taylor Family ... By Peter Alfred Taylor . . . London 
. . . 1875 ... A Historic-Genealogical Memoir of the Family of Taylor ... By Joseph 
Lemuel Chester, . . . 1863, pp. 50, 51, 52, 56, 71, 72. 


" He was present in the Colony by May 1662, and sat as an Assistant 
at the General Court held October 20, 1663 ; was again chosen the suc- 
ceeding year ; became Deputy-Governor May 1665, and so continued until 
his decease." 

Palfrey, in his " History of New England," says that Francis 
Willoughby was chosen Assistant in 1650, 165 1, and 1664; and Deputy- 
Governor in 1665, 1666, and 1667, and, again, in 1668, 1669, and 1670, 
Richard Bellingham being Governor. 

"When, early in 1662, it was deemed advisable by the General Court 
of Massachusetts to congratulate the King upon his restoration, and to 
send out an agent to act for the general interests of the colony, a letter 
was written to Herbert Pelham Esq., Mr. Nehemiah Bourne, Mr. Francis 
Willoughby, Mr. Richard Hutchinson 24 and others, desiring that they 
would supply the Commissioners, 33 upon their arrival, with such funds as 
they might require on account of the Colony. 

The " Records of . . . Massachusetts Bay " (see Shurtleff, iv., pt. 
2) show that 

October 21, 1663, Francis Willoughby was one of a committee to 
inquire about state of the College, and give directions for disposing of the 
college estate for the future ; that 

May 18, 1664, Mr. Willoughby and others were appointed to draw 
up letters to settle differences between Connecticut and New Haven ; and 

August 3, 1664, "whereas this Court hath passed an order for making 
a humble addresse & petition to his majesty for the contjnuance of our 
priuiledges granted by charter, it is ordered, that M r Francis Willoughby, 
Mao r Generall Jn° Leueret & M r Jonathan Michell be a comittee to 
prepare & draue vp a petition, filled w th such rationall arguments they can 

" "Late Treasurer of the Navy." 

16 "Mr. Simon Bradstreet and the Rev. John Norton." 


finde to the end aforesajd, & present it to this Court for theire approba- 
tion ; " that 

August 8, 1664, Mr. Francis Willoughby and others appointed a 
minister and chirurgeon in design against the Dutch ; and that 

August 10, 1664, Mr. Francis Willoughby & others were appointed a 
committee to raise and furnish 200 volunteers against the Dutch. 

In the " Diary of John Hull " we find it stated, under date of 
September 7, 1666-67, tnat "it pleased the Council to comply with the 
Lord Willoughby's letters, and to victual Capt. Henry Ady one of his 
Majesty's frigates, Mr. Deputy Willoughby and Major General entreated 
me to undertake ^ part which came to about a hundred and ten pounds 
money. I did perform it, and the Lord Willoughby did very punctually 
pay, in sugar and cotton, to Mr. Johnson our agent." 

This action of the Colony of Massachusetts was in aid of a projected 
expedition to take the Island of St. Christopher from the French. The 
Lord Willoughby above referred to was William 15 sixth Lord Willoughby 
of Parham, brother of Francis (3) fifth Lord, a General of the Parlia- 
mentarian Army. He was at this time the Governor of the Caribbean 
Islands. That the earnest interest shown in the expedition by Deputy- 
Governor Francis was due in part to a family-relationship we shall here- 
after find reason to believe ; so that, in applying to Massachusetts for aid, 
the Lord Willoughby probably appealed to the Deputy-Governor as a 
relative. It was Francis Lord Willoughby, the General in the Parlia- 
mentarian army, to whose influence, as we have seen, our Col. William 
Willoughby may have owed his rapid promotion in the service of his 
country under Cromwell. 

"In September 1666 the Deputy-Governor was appointed head of 
a committee for procuring two masts to be sent out to England and 
presented 'to His Majesty, by Sir William Warren and Capt. John Taylor 
(one of the Commissioners for the Navy) as a testimony of loyalty and 
affection from y e country.' " 


" Meanwhile the controversy, in connection with the preservation of 
their Charter Privileges, had been agitating the Colony from the time of 
the restoration of royalty, and in this, as we have above seen, Willoughby 
had taken an active part. In the fall of 1666, Samuel Maverick, the 
Royal Commissioner, presented a signification from the King, directing 
the Council, or Gen. Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, to send to 
England five able and meet persons to make answer for refusing the juris- 
diction of his Commissioners the previous year. It was required that the 
Governor, Mr. Richard Bellingham, and Mr. Hawthorne should be two of 
the number chosen, and they were ordered, on their allegiance, to come by 
the first opportunity. In the emergency a special session was called by the 
Governor, and, the clergy having been invited to be present, a day was 
given to prayer, and on the 14 th of September a long debate ensued in 
which Bellingham, Bradstreet, Dudley, Willoughby, Hawthorne, Stough- 
ton, Winthrop, Sir Th. Temple and others participated. Some, including 
Bradstreet and Dudley favored the request, upon the ground that the King 
should be obeyed, etc. ; while others denied the Royal prerogative. 
Willoughby argued as to 

' Whether God doth not call us to argue one way as well as another whether 
Calais, Dunkirk — have not been governed by commission, and if this be allowed, 
how easily may the king in one year undo all that he hath done ; and we must as 
well consider God's displeasure as the king's, the interest of ourselves and God's 
things as his majesty's prerogative ; for our liberties are of concernment, and to be 
regarded as to the preservation ; for if the king may send for me now, and another 
to-morrow, we are a miserable people.'" 

"An evasive answer was accordingly returned, but the Colonial 
government, though expressing loyalty and humility, still persisted in their 
independent course, and refused to obey the directions of the Royal 

" This bold course of action, followed, a few years after, by the over- 
throw and imprisonment of Andros, the Governor appointed by the 
Crown, was but a step in the development of those principles, which 
springing into vigorous life on the field of Lexington found full expression 
in the 'Declaration' of July 4 th , 1776." 

Hist. Coll., vol. xxviii. pp. 99, 100." [Boston, 1819, Second Series, viii. 99, 100.] 


Frothingham, in his " History of Charlestown," speaks of this debate 
as " one of the most interesting events in the history of New England," 
and adds : 

" It is to such far-sighted men as Willoughby that New England owes 
its liberties. From this period, and the decision of this question, Judge 
Minot 27 dates the origin of the controversy between the patriots and pre- 
rogative men, scarcely intermitted, and never ended, until the separation 
of the colonies from the mother country." 

"We have seen how bold and fearless was the Dep.-Gov r . in advocat- 
ing a decisive stand against encroachment upon the country's chartered- 
privileges — still more so was he when, recognizing the errors of his fellow- 
colonists, he dared to raise his voice in opposition to the religious persecu- 
tions sanctioned by the narrow-minded sectarians among them. The 
Bostonians could not be brought to second the Royal Commissioners, 
whose authority would give liberty to people of all religious denominations. 
Already in 1665, several of the Baptists, attempting to establish their 
sect in Boston, had been fined for not attending the established worship, 
imprisoned for heresy, and banished. Others were again imprisoned in 
July 1688, and their condition having 'sadly affected the hearts of many 
sober and serious Christians, and such as neither approve of their judg- 
ment or practice,' a petition for their release was presented, during the 
following October, by some of the best men of the town. Among those 
known to have been against these persecutions were Mr. Willoughby and 
Mr. Leverett. But liberty of conscience was not yet to be tolerated, and 
the petition, meeting with a fate similar to that one presented in 1646 to 
obtain a repeal of the law against Anabaptists, ' its chief promoters were 
fined, and obliged to ask pardon of the Court for the freedom they had 
taken with it.' 

'About this time [the autumn of 1667] the necessity of proper laws, 
for regulating maritime affairs and admiralty cases, was again agitated, and 

" "Minot's Hist. Mass., vol. i. p. 51." 



information was given to the Court 'that divers unskilfull persons, pretend- 
ing to be shipwrights, doe build ships and other vessels in seuerall parts of 
the country, which are defective both for matter and forme, to the great 
prejudice of merchants and owners, and the danger of many men's Hues at 
sea;' whereupon the Court was moved October 9, 1669, 'to nominate and 
appoint Francis Willoughby Esq., Jno. Leverett Esq., Capt. George 
Corwin, Mr. Humphrey Davy, and Capt. Edward Johnson to be a Com- 
mittee to consider, draw up, and present to this Court at their next session, 
such directions, orders, and laws as may be necessary and expedjent in the 

"October 12, 1669, he was granted 1000 acres 'in any place that may 
not prejudice a plantation,' for his public service, as well at home as in 

Another " significant memorial " of the Deputy-Governor, to use 
Hutchinson's expression, is a letter dated May 28, 1670, when he was con- 
fined to his bed by sickness, addressed to his associates in the Government, 
exhorting them to "the demonstration of oneness and affection." We 
give the whole letter, as follows : 

" Gentlemen 

" The allvvise God seeing fit to lay me under Such a dispensation as by which I 
am rendered uncapable of attending upon you and upon the work that I have been 
called to, being Confined to my habitation. 

"Having varietie of visiters Sometimes, and meeting with reports, (how true I 
know not) that you were making it your work to be Solicitous to know the Cause of 
Gods displeasure and frown upon us manifested in those Severall wayes which are 
obvious to any intelligent spirit ; It being hinted to me that the way that's taken 
does not seeme to produce any good Issue ; but rather to beget animosities and dis- 
tances of spirit one part of the Court against the other, and one person against another ; 
which if true, is possibly occasioned by the misrepresentation of Cases, possibly by 
prejudices taken up in one anothers spirits, without enquiring into the truth and 
reallity of things, possibly by some occasion given in some particular cases (we all, 
being but men, and capable of acting but as men, and so Subject to faile and mis- 
carry in every thing we doe) 1 take the boldnes to hint the Same and to lay my 


feares before you that (if things be amongst you as they are rendered, that there 
should be such distances in your transactions) it may tend to the provoking of God 
to a further degree of displeasure, and may lay us open to greater Inconvenience 
both at home and abroad, when it shalbe rumour'd that you shalbe at such a distance 
one from another ; especially if you should rise and break up Court in such a frame. 
"As I beg your excuse wherein I may be defective in anything I say, so I would 
humbly entreat you would look upon your selves not only as men, but men eminently 
professing the name of God: Consider that the eyes of the world are in a great 
measure upon us, so that if we doe anything that may prove Inconvenient to our 
Selves, the name of God will not only suffer exceedingly, but we shalbe as persons 
without pitty, by how much we if by our pretended enquiry into the Cause of Gods 
anger, shall divide and break to peeces and bring suffrings upon our Selves, when 
the Lord by his providence hath prevented its coming by other hands. That there 
may be differences of apprehension is nothing but whats Common. But our direc- 
tion in the word of God is that all things should be done in Love ; and if we would 
doe any singular thing, as we are singular in our profession, Let's manifest it in 
our endeavouring to Subdue our Spirits, and to carry things an end with that affec- 
tion and tendernes to the name of God, and one another, that it may appear the 
spirit of the Lord Jesus Christ is breathing in us. I perswade my selfe your scope 
and aime is right, and for God: But the way and manner to bring about your aimes 
may possibly be sometimes irregular ; Let's mind the manner as well as the matter : 
Let the name of God be most dear and precious to us, above our private annimosities 
and prejudices : Let not Jealouzy possess our spirits without sufficient ground and 
demonstration, and let the demonstration appear to be a Contrivance in way of 
designe, before we set our selves in full opposition : For it may be upon enquiry, it 
may either arise from weakness or Infirmity, or from that Latitude which we would 
give to others or gladly take our selves. I earnestly beg what I say may not be mis- 
constructed ; youknowmy plainess, if I err in anything Charge it to the account of 
my love, and great desire the name of God may not be a sufferer by our means : And 
I doe earnestly beseech you that you study and contrive some way before you break 
up the Court, to adjorne with the demonstration of oneness and affection, that it may 
appear you all scope at the good of the poor Country : And that you will endeavour 
to have as good thoughts one of another as possibly you can, retaining the Interest 
of the name of God among us ; Let it not be published to the world that the Govern- 
ment of New England is broken, and that your animosities are such that tis Impos- 
sible for you to agree in anything that may tend to the Saving the whole. Desiring 
a good Construction may be put upon my broken lines ; and that you will beleeve 


that my scope is publike Interest ; Praying and beseeching the Lord to be with you 
in your Counsells and determinations, that his name may be gloryfied in all your 
transactions, with my service heartyly tendered to you I rest 

"yours affectionately desiring the Interest of the name of God may not 
be buryed, but thrive in this poor wilderness under your hands 

ffr Willoughby " 
" Charlestowne 28th. 3d. 70 " 

Hon. Hamilton A. Hill, author of the " History of the Old South 
Church in Boston," refers to this letter in the following words : 

" While this controversy between the two branches of the General Court was in 
progress, the deputy governor, Francis Willoughby, detained at his home in Charles- 
town by illness, was following it with the deepest interest. Unable to participate in 
the discussions in person, he wrote a letter to the magistrates, which was pervaded 
by a beautiful spirit of charity and conciliation. This letter probably made very 
little impression upon the opposition party at the time, but it reveals to us the 
amiable, candid, and devout qualities of the writer's mind and heart. After reading 
it we can easily believe, as Backus tells us, that he was 'a great opposer of the perse- 
cutions against the Baptists.' The members of the Old South certainly can never 
forget that in the days of its trial this excellent man opened his hospitable doors to 
receive the council which met for its recognition, and which extended to it the right 
hand of church fellowship." 28 

No wonder that the Deputy-Governor, being such a bold opposer of 
wrong, and yet so peace-loving a man, " is mentioned," as Hutchinson 
says, "in warm terms of affection by his contemporaries." 

Our ancestors Judge Simon Lynde and Deputy-Governor Francis 
Willoughby were in social and public life in Massachusetts at the same 
time, and of the same rank, and must have met frequently. But we 
have not found their names associated, nor could we expect to do so. 
Simon Lynde, having early in life kissed the hand of Charles I., always 

M History of the Old South Church, i. 104-06. 


gave his fealty to that King and to his son, and was ready to maintain the 
King's prerogative ; while Willoughby's father and himself had been active 
members of the Government which deposed and beheaded Charles I., and 
his own powerful influence both in England and in this country was always 
in favor of liberty to the people. It must have been most unwillingly that 
he afterwards yielded to the rule of Charles II. Judge Lynde was the 
survivor, and the only one of the two who lived to see the marriage of his 
son Nathaniel and Susannah Willoughby in 1683. 

" Considering the Governor's age, and the Deputy-Governor's infirmity, 
the Court, . .„ . (May 31, 1670), release them from being of the Com- tee 
for the town of Marlborough. He was present at a session of the Gen 1 . 
Court on the eleventh of the following October, but it was for the last 
time ; he died Ap. 3, 1671. [We find no record of his birth, or of his age 
at his death ; but, if he was born when his father, b. 1588, was twenty-five 
years of age, he would not have been more than forty-five when he married 
Margaret Taylor, and fifty-eight when he died.] He was interred on the 
7th, with much ceremony. Noadiah Adams describes the funeral, where 
eleven foot companies were in attendance, ' with the doleful noise of 
trumpets and drums, in their mourning-posture, three thundering volleys of 
shot discharged, answered with the loud roaring of the great guns rending 
the heavens with noise at the loss of so great a man.'" 29 

"The Rev. Simon Bradstreet of New London says: ' He desired to 
be buried ten foot deep, and to haue y e top of his graue plain, only couered 
w th the turfes of y e grasse.'" 30 

His Will, drawn up June 4, 1670, witnessed by Capt. Lawrence 
Hammond and Lawrence Douse, was proved April 10, 1671, seven days 
after the testator's decease. We give the will in full : 

89 The Memorial History of Boston. . . . Edited by Justin Winsor . . . Boston, 18S2, 
i. 520, note 2. 

80 New England Hist, and Gen. Register, ix. 45. 


"'The Wort h . Francis Willoughby Esq r & late Dept. Govern r of this Colony. 

"'It being appointed to man to dye, and the hand of the Lord now going abroad 
in taking away the young and the strong, and myselfe haveing severall warnings 
from the Lotd. It being the duty of every man to set his house in order, so as to be 
ready to attend the call of the Lord Jesus, what houre soever he shall please to come. 
I leave my soul with the Lord Jesus Christ, who onely gives boldnes in that day, 
and onely can deliver from the wrath to come. My Body to a comely buryal at the 
discretion of excesatrix ; And do dispose of that littel the Lord in mercy hath lent 
me as followeth. 

" ' Imprimis. My Will is that my just Debts be paid, and obligations made good, 
both in old, & New england : in perticular an obligation in trust to Mr. William 
Webb and Mr. Thomas Brague for Two hundred pounds. 

" ' Item. My will is that my dear mother's will be made good, wherein she gives 
one hundred pounds to my son Francis with the Improvement : one hundred pounds 
to my son Nathaniell or to my son Francis in case of his death, with those other 
legacies given by her to the rest of my children ; or any other that are not yet paid : 
The legacies given by my Dear father to my son Jonathan : my daughter Sarah & my 
son Nehemiah being already paid. 

" ' Item. Whereas my son Jonathan, being my eldest child hath cost me much 
money both in breeding up and severall other ways, to the value of near a treble 
portion already, and for other serious, & deliberate considerations w ch I am not 
willing here to mention ; I will and bequeath to him the sume of Ten pounds, with 
such of my wearing apparell as my dear wife shall see fit, it being a griefe of soul to 
me that he should run out an estate so unprofitably as he hath done to his present 
suffering, I being incapable to act to further degree of helpfulnes to him unless I 
would be unfaithfull to the rest of my family, which I cannot doe without breach of 
that rule which God hath layd downe to direct me by : Expecting that upon consider- 
ation he will rest satisfyed with this my will without making any disturbance to the 
least prejudice of my other estate, or molestation of my dear wife; which if he 
should doe I leave him under the brand of an unnaturall and most disobedient 
childe, which upon examination his owne Conscience (when I am gone) cannot but 
fly in his face to great amazement ; this act of mine being upon mature deliberation 
after a serious debate with my owne heart : His legacy to be paid him within six 
months after my decease. 

" ' Item. I give to the children of my son Jonathan, that are borne, and alive at 
this time, the sume of five pounds to each to be paid when their father's legacy 
is paid ; 


" ' Item. Whereas my dear wife hath brought a considerable estate with her, 
and because I would prevent disputes by virtue of any law here, or elsewhere, I doe 
freely confirm her right in, and accordingly bequeath unto her all that household 
goods, plate, and Jewells which she brought with her, with ail-that I gave her in par- 
ticular before or since marriage, with whatever hath been given her in particular by 
my mother or any other person ; All which can be no other wayes cleered then by her 
owne testimony, which I declare to be sufficient, having that confidence in her that 
she would not challenge the least thing that she hath not right unto. 

" 'Now for the ordering the rest of my estate, I do it as followeth : 

" ' My debts and legacies being deducted, both what I have already given with 
what I shall hereafter give, the remainder of my estate I shall divide into eight equall 
parts (not knowing otherwise how to deal equally, my trade & way being under so 
much unsertentie as it is). Three parts and a halfe whereof (or three eights & one 
sixteenth of the whole) I bequeath unto my loving and my beloved wife over & 
above what I before gave unto her, to hold and enjoy as her owne proper estate 
forever. The other four parts & a halfe (or four eights and one sixteenth of the 
whole) I order as follows. To my son Nehemiah one sixt part, accounting what I 
have already paid him (as ^ an account in my book bearing date the — of — 1669) to 
in part payment : To my son William one sixt part, to be paid him at the age of 
twentie one yeares ; to my son Francis, and daughter Susanna three sixths, that is to 
be say one sixt, and two thirds of another sixt to my son Francis, he being the eldest 
child by my now wife Margaret ; And the other sixt, and one third of a sixt to my 
daughter Susanna : And whereas there is a probability of my wife being now with 
child, I bequeath the other sixt part unto it, whether sonne or daughter. 

" ' Now if it should please the Lord to take away any of my children before the 
age of twenty-one years if sonnes, or daughters before the age of eighteen, or day of 
marriage, I do will that their portions shall be equally distributed among the surviv- 
ors, and so with reference to the child my wife is big with, if God in his vvisdome 
shall see meet to dispose of it. 

"' Now my order is with reference to the portions of my children, that they may 
be improved for their advantage in breeding and bringing up, desiring my dear wife 
by the afeccon she beare me, to take a littell care of my son William, in case he will 
be ruled by her : But if he or his owne mother's relations shall desire otherwise, or 
carry themselves uncivilly towards her, I leave her at liberty, being unwilling to put 
her under any snare or inconvenience. 

'"The portions of my son Francis, and my Daughter Susanna to be paid unto 
my wife to be improved for their best advantage, being confident of my dear wives 


cordiall affection to me and naturalnes to her children, that no change of her condi- 
tion shall turne to the prejudice of her dear little ones. 

" ' Item. I give to my daughter Campfield as a token of my love (she having 
received a liberall portion already) the sum of Ten pounds. 

"'Item. I give to my aunt Hammond (if alive) the sum of five pounds. 

" ' Item. I give to my cousen Lawrence Hammond the sume of fortie pounds 
provided he deale respectively with my wife & assist her about settling my estate : 
for w ch my minde is hee shall have such reasonable allowance for his trouble &paines 
over & above as shal be thought fit. 

'" Item. I give to our Pastour Mr. Simes and our Teacher, Mr. Shepard fourtie 
shillings apeece as a token of my love. 

" ' Item. I do give liberty to my cousen March, during her widdowhood only, to 
live in and make use of my house in which she now dwells rent free. 

" ' Item. I give to the use of the school in Charlestowne my three hundred acres 
of land given me by the said towne, but never layd out, lying beyond Wooburne. 
It™ . I give to Laurence Dows four pounds; and to Edward Wilson three pounds, 
as tokens of my love. 

" ' Item. I give to my man Richard Walden forty shillings : Francis Willoughby. 

" ' Item. I give to the rest of my household servants that shall be in my house 
at the time of my death, twenty shillings apeece. 

" ' Item. I give to Mr. Ezekiel Cheever his son Thomas, the sum of five pounds, 
provided he be brought up to learning in the College ; Now for as much as the 
College hath been a Society that I have had much affection to, and desires for the 
prosperity of, having made it my work to solicit the Country in generall, & perticu- 
lar persons to take care thereof in order to the advantage of posteritie. It might be 
expected that I should manifest my selfe to be cordial in sume more than the ordinary 
beneficence: But my estate being very uncertaine, as it is abroad in other mens 
hands, & so not knowing what the Lord may doe with it ; And a vessel being lost that 
I had bequeathed to that use : But cheefly considering the backwardness and indis- 
position that is in the Country to consider their owne interest with reference to 
posterity ; and finding particular persons holding their owne and desclaiming any 
motion for goode that hath been made that way, being at a loss to know what the 
mind of God therein may be, and unwilling to injure my family, the estate of my 
concernments lying as aforesaid ; I find not any inclination to doe what my heart and 
soul is free for ; Desiring the Lord to pardon & forgive that backwardness and indispo- 
sition that seemes to appear in the generality of persons to so worthy a worke as it is. 


" ' Item. I give unto widdow Mash, widdow Hayden, widdow Elise, & widdow 
Wilson Twenty shillings apeece. 

"'Item. Whereas in funerall solemnities there is generally a great expence to 
littell profit or advantage to perticular persons : I do prohibit the giving any Scarfes 
or ribbens to any persons except magistrates, and those who officiate at my funerall, 
and instead thereof do give to the Military Company of Charles-Towne the sume of 
Twenty pounds to be paid into the hands of the Selectmen, and commission officers 
to be by them forthwith improved for the beginning of a stock of armes for the use of 
the said Towne, partly for the furnishing of poore men (whose ability will not reach 
to the purchase of Armes) upon daies of exercise &c : and chiefly that such armes 
may be persuaded as a towne stocke for the publicke use and benefit of the said 
Towne to be alwaies in a readynes for any suddin emergency. 

"'And I do hereby declare that, for as much as my estate is abroad and under 
many uncertainties, my will is that if the Lord shall see meet to frowne upon what I 
have, that then their be a proportionable abatement made throughout what I have 
given away : accounting what God takes from me to be well disposed of, and beleev- 
ing he will make it up to mine as fully as if it had bin given me to divide according 
to my intentions. 

" 'And I do hereby make and declare my loving and beloved wife my sole 
executrix : and doe appoint and desire my loveing friends Mr. Thomas Danforth, 
Mr. Richard Russell, Mr. Humphrey Davie" and my cousen Lawrence Hammond 
to be over seers of this my last will and testament, and doe give to each of them 
twenty shillings apeece as a token of my love : earnestly entreating them that as they 
did ever manifest any affection and respect for me, that they would manifest the like 
to my wife in all that assistance that she shall stand in need of, she being a strainger 
in the Country, and not knowing whome to apply [to] for help in case of need: Also 
my desire is that they would take effectuall order in the receiving and improving my 
son William's Portion for his best advantage during his minoritie, entreating them 
that they will see to the punctuall performance of my will and that it be not altered in 

31 Thomas Danforth of Cambridge, Mass., Assistant 1659-78, Dep.-Gov. 1679-S6, Tudge of Sup 
Court 1692. 

Richard Russell of Charlestown, Mass., Speaker, Treasurer of the Colony for twenty years, 
Assist., etc. 

Humphrey Davie, Merchant of Boston, son of Sir John Humphrey; Representative 1665-69; 
Assistant 1679-86. 

For these see A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England. . . . By James 
Savage. . . . Boston, 1S60-61, ii. 8, iii. 593-94, ii. 14. 


any perticular upon any pretence whatsoever, and that this is my last will and testa- 
ment, consisting of two sides, with fifty six lines in the first side, and thirty in the 
second, I do declare the same by affixing my hand & seale this fourth day of June, in 
the year of our Lord one thousand six hundred & seventy.' " 

" ' Francis Willoughby & a seale.' " 
" ' Signed sealed and delivered in the presence of 
Laur. Hammond 
Laur. Dowse ' " 
"'Captain Laurence Hamond & Laurence Dowse being sworne do attest that 
Francis Willoughby Esq. now deced being of sound judgement and memory they 
saw him signe seal & publish this Instrument as his last will and Testament. 

., _ , , , ( Richard Russell, Asist. 

'"April loth 1671 Taken before us 

Thomas Danforth, Recorder.' " 

The Inventory of the Deputy-Governor's large estate, dated April 20 th 
and July 19 th 1671, shows a total of ^4812. 18s. yd. It includes " Mansion 
House and Stable and Grounds about the House ^550;" They were 
situated on Crooked Lane, near the old Market Place (i. e. on Bow Street 
near the Square). " Ware house and Wharfe with small tenement and all 
of land adjoyning appertayning to ye sd. Housing w th the brew house and 
all appurtenances ^700 ;" large collections of ship stores in several ware- 
houses and on several wharves ; " 1450 acers of land betwixt Woburn and 
Andover ; a grant of 1000 acers of land not layd out;" "In money and 
plate 600 ounces, ^320. 13s. 6d.;" various pieces of household furniture 
indicating a handsome establishment, among which were, in the parlor and 
chambers, chairs, carpets, several sets of hangings, curtains, valances, fire- 
irons, rugs, a cabinet, large looking-glass, three cases of drawers, a red 
scarf. In the study, books, and five swords ; in the hall, chair cushions, 
carpets, tables, pictures, clock, fire-irons, several swords, and "a Dutch 

The Deputy-Governor, as well as his father, used the old Willoughby 
de Eresby arms, as appears by a seal attached to his signature on a bond 


issued by him February i, 1667, bearing Fretty (metals and tinctures not 
indicated) ; crest : a lion's head between two wings expanded.® 

" Issue by first wife Mary : 

"i. Jonathan/ 151 born about 1635 in England; Harv. Coll. 1651-54, 
but did not graduate; preached in Wethersfield from September 1664 
to May 1666, and afterwards, for a short time, in Haddam, Conn. 
Mentioned in his brother William's Will, 1677. By wife Grizzel he had a 
daughter Mary, ae] born May 8, 1664, and prob. other children. 33 

— Campfield (or 
1645, eldest son of 

" Issue by second wife Sarah Taylor : 

"ii. Sarah, 1151 baptized June 13, 1641; m. 
Canfield), probably Samuel, baptized October 19, 
Matthew Canfield of New Haven. 34 

"iii. Hannah, 1161 born May 17, died September 4, 1643. 

"iv. Nehemiah, [15] born June 8 or 18, 1644. 

" v. Jerinnah, [15] born July 29, 1647; died young. 

"vi. William, [15] born about 1652. His Will, dated September 1, 
1677, was filed December 7, 1694, in Middlesex Probate Court ; the 
house and land left him by his uncle William Willoughby he bequeaths to 
his brother Nehemiah, together with the 100/., or more, now in his 
mother's hands ; of the estate now falling to him by the decease of his 
brother Francis Willoughby he leaves one-half to his sister Susannah, and 
one-half to Capt. Hammond's children ; and the legacy left by his grand- 

35 This seal was discovered by Mr. Henry FitzGilbert Waters in his researches among the files of 
Middlesex County Court some years ago. See Essex Inst. Histor. Coll., Salem, 1879, xvi. 261-62. 

33 " License was granted 3 Dec. 1661, by the Bishop of London, for the marriage of 'Jonathan 
Willoughby of St. Andrew Undershaft, London, Gent., Bachelor, about 25, and Grizzle Goldisborough [or 
Goldsburge], of St. Gregory's by St. Paul's, Spinster, about 25 ; consent of mother Anne Goldisborough, 
widow [of John of Godmanchester, Huntingtonshire] ; at St. Edmund the King, Lombard Street.' " 

1 4 Besides a daughter Mary, we have record of a son Jonathan, 16 who, 1 1 March 168S, gave a deed of con- 
firmation as to sale by Capt. Lawrence Hammond of the Wm. Stevens farm at Gloucester, Mass., to 
Tristram Coffin of Newberry ; Essex Co. Deeds, Ipswich Series, vol. v. He therein gives his domicile 
and parentage as follows : "Jonathan Willoughby of the Parish of St. Martin's Oatwich, in the Citty of 
London, eldest son of Jonathan Willoughby who was eldest son of Francis Willoughby late of Charles- 
town, County of Middlesex, New England, Esq'., late deceased." 

15 M Mr. Theodore 50 Raymond stated that the Campfields removed to Virginia. 


father Taylor to be divided equally between his sister Campfield and his 
brother Jonathan, as a token of love; to cousin Elizabeth Moore 10/.; 
books, monies and wearing-apparel to eldest son of his brother and 
executor Nehemiah. Savage states that he died of small pox, August 28, 
1678. 35 

" Issue by third wife Margaret [(Locke) Taylor] : 

16 "vii. Francis, tl5] born 29 February, 1659-60, according to the registry 
of St. Olave, Hart Street, London ; died (says Savage) June 15, 1678, of 
small pox ; but is mentioned as deceased in William's Will, 1677. * 

17 "viii. Nathaniel,™ died 1663 (Frothingham). 

18 " ix. Susannah, [15] born August 19, baptized at Charlestown 
August 21, 1664; married, 1683, Nathaniel Lynde, born November 22, 
1659, son of Judge Simon Lynde by wife Hannah Newdigate, and grand- 
son of Enoch Lynde of London, by wife Elizabeth Digby, [proved to be] 
related to the family of John Earl of Bristol. Mr. Nathaniel Lynde 
removed to Saybrook, Conn., and died October 5, 1729; among his 

19 children was Elizabeth,™ born December 2, 1694, married Judge Richard 
Lord of Lyme [see fLoVtt and IMfltJ£=ILgtttie]. Another daughter 

20 was Hannah™ who married Rev. George Griswold of Lyme [see 

21 (SVtSUSQltJ], and a third was Sarah, L16] who married Joshua Raymond 
of Montville, Conn, [see Dfgf)$=IL:pUir*]» 

" Nehemiah [1 1] Willoughby, born June 18, 1644, merchant and 
selectman of Salem, married, January 2, 1672, Abigail daughter of Henry 
Bartholomew, baptized October 6, 1650, died September 2, 1702; Con- 
stable 1679; allowed 1690 to sell wine, etc., out doors; died November 6, 
1702. Issue : 

"i. Francis, [16] born September 28, 1672; baptized February 16, 
1672-3; Deputy and Representative 1713; requested to provide King's 
Arms for the Court House, June 26, 1716 ; was probably of Boston 1734, 
when one of the name was appointed on committee for markets." 

36 This date is to be corrected by a passage in the MS. Diary of Capt. Lawrence Hammond pre- 
served in the Library of the Massachusetts Historical Society, as follows : " Sept. 9 [1677], W m 
Willoughby dyed of the small pox." 

36 Capt. Hammond's Diary just referred to gives us the following: "June 15 [1677], Francis 
Willoughby youngest son of Francis Willoughby Esq. coming from London, in Capt. Jenner, dyed at 
sea of y" small pox." 


He married Bethia Gedney, April 26, 1705, who died November 24, 
1 71 3; after which he married Sarah Chauncey (their intention of mar- 
riage was published September 12, i"ji6)^ 

" Issue [by first wife] : 

23 "WHlmm™ baptized at Salem, July 28, 1705; Harv. Coll. 1726; 
died 1735. 

24 "£ct/im, a7] baptized at Salem, March 27, 1709. 

25 " ii. Nehemiah,™ born 1673. 

26 "iii. Elizabeth, [16] born June 22, baptized 28, 1674, at Charlestown ; 
died young. 

27 "iv. Mary, [16] born September 1, 1676; married, May 10, 1710, 
Col. Thomas Barton of Salem, born July 17, 1680, Selectman, Town 
Clerk, physician, and apothecary, Lieut. Col. of the Regt; he died 
April 28, 1 751; she died about January 1758. 38 Issue : 

"JoknP^ born December 5, 1711; Harv. Coll. 1730; merchant of 
Salem; died unmarried, December 21, 1774. 
29 "Mary,™ born October 5, 1 715 ; married, June 27, 1734, Bezaleel 

Toppan (son of the Rev. Christopher Toppan of Newbury), Harv. Coll. 
30,31 1722, physician, died 1762. Had children Anna, as] and Mary / C18] the 
latter married, in 1762, Col. Benj. Pickman, born 1741, Harv. Coll. 1759; 
lived on Essex Street, Salem, in a house which had come to Nehemiah 
Willoughby from his father-in-law Henry Bartholomew." 

We have been able to obtain the records of only a few lines of the 
Salem descendants of Deputy-Governor Willoughby. 

Col. Benjamin and Mary (Toppan) Pickman had seven children, of 
32 whom the fourth was Col. Benjamin 19 (born 1763, died 1840), who married 

3 ' Essex Inst. Histor. Coll., ut supra. 

38 Hon. George B. Loring favored us with the following extracts from an old manuscript written by 
Col. Pickman in 1793 : " 1. The next house is owned by Mrs. Pickman Consort of Benjamin Pickman 
Esq. and was built by her grandfather Col. Thomas Barton in 1710, he pulling down an old house owned 
by his wife's father Mr. Nehemiah Willoughby. 2. Col. Barton was born in 1680, married to Mary 
Willoughby in 1709. On this spot stood a house belonging to the Willoughbys and afterwards to 
Mr. John Gerrish, schoolmaster, who married a Willoughby. 


Anstiss Derby. " He was a successful merchant, a Member of Congress, 
and held a place on the Governing Boards of Harvard University." They 

33 • had seven children. One of these was Anstiss Derby, 20 who married 
John Whitingham Rogers and had six children, all of whom died unmar- 

34 ried, excepting i. Anstiss Derby 21 Rogers, who married William S. Wet- 
more of New York; she died in November 1889, leaving one child, now 

35 Ex-Gov. George Peabody 22 Wetmore of Newport, R. I.; and 2. Martha 

36 Pickman 21 Rogers, the youngest child, who married John Amory Codman 

37 and had two children : John Amory 22 Codman Jun., who died in May 1876 ; 

38 and Martha Catherine 22 Codman. 
Another child of Col. Benjamin and Anstiss (Derby) Pickman was 

39,40 Martha, 20 who married Samuel Baker Walcott and had : 1. Mary 21 Wal- 

41 cott, who married Andrew B. Almon ; 2. Anstiss Pickman, 21 who died in 

42, 43 1833; 3. Samuel Pickman, 21 who died in 1885 ; 4. Benjamin Pickman, 21 who 

44 died in 1861 ; 5. Charles Folsom, 21 who died in 1887 ; 6. Dr. Henry Picker- 

45-47 ing 21 of Cambridge, Mass.; 7. Alfred Foster; 21 8. Elizabeth Derby, 21 who 

married Alpheus S. Packard and had : Martha Walcott ; 22 Alpheus 

49-5! Appleton ; 22 Elizabeth Derby; 22 and Frances Elizabeth. 22 

The seventh child of Col. Benjamin and Anstiss (Derby) Pickman 

52 was Francis Willoughby 20 who married Elizabeth Walker daughter of 
Col. Walker of the British Army. He was born in Salem, Mass., May 13, 
1804, and died in St. John, N. B., March 21, 1886, in the 83d year of his 
age. The lady he married was of that place, and there, or in its vicinity, 
he passed the greater part of his life, living occasionally, at intervals of a 
few years at a time, in his native city. " He had in his possession some 
pieces of plate which belonged to Dep.-Gov. Willoughby." The children 

53 of this marriage were Benjamin 2 ' 1 who married : first, Emily T. Parker, 

54 and, secondly, Caroline L. Head ; Thomas Walker, 21 who married 
55,56 Louisa Fowell ; William Rollins; 21 Anstiss Derby; 21 Capt. John 
57-59 Rogers; 21 Mary 21 who married George Lynch; Fanny Willonghby ; 21 
60,61 Dr. Henry Derby, 21 who married Virginia Louise Palmer; Anstiss, 21 

who married James H. Robertson. 


A brother of the last mentioned Col. Benjamin Pickman was Dr. 
Thomas, 19 who married : first, Polly Hanaden, and, secondly, Sophia 
Palmer granddaughter of Gen. Joseph Palmer a patriot of the Revolu- 
tion, by whom he had Mary Toppan 20 the first wife of the late Hon. 
George B. Loring of Salem. Among the sisters of Mrs. Pickman, the 
mother of Mrs. Loring, was Elizabeth Palmer, a lady of distinguished 
abilities and culture, who married Dr. Nathaniel Peabody, and was the 
mother of Elizabeth P. Peabody, the well known teacher ; of Mrs. Haw- 
thorne wife of Nathaniel Hawthorne ; and of Mrs. Horace Mann. 

A letter from Dr. Henry Derby Pickman of Dillon, Montana, dated 
January 25, 1891, gives us the following particulars : 

" I left home when sixteen, and joined the army, and was in the War of the 
Rebellion. At the end of the War I attended the Medical Department of Harvard 
University, graduated M.D. in 1868, and came West, was Representative from this 
County to 16th Legislature of Montana, was Surgeon General of the State of 
Montana until I resigned, last Spring. My brother Benjamin of Mont Clair, N. J., 
was a Cavalry-officer all through the War. He has the silver that was granted to 
Benjamin Pickman by Province of Massachusetts Bay for services at taking of 
Louisburg ; also a pitcher given to B. Pickman by the New England Guards after 
War of 1812. 

" My mother was a daughter of Col. Walker of the English Army, and a direct 
descendant of the Pendrel who hid King Charles in the oak. My cousin, Dr. T. 
Walker of St. John, N. B., still receives an annuity granted for that service." 

From a letter from Hon. George B. Loring, dated April 17, 1889, we 
make the following extract : 


" I am greatly obliged for the account you have sent me of the Fair Maid of 
Kent. I heard Mrs. Loring refer to her many times. . . . 

"The 'aunt,' to whom Mrs. Loring used to refer, was Mrs. Isaac Osgood of 
Andover, Mass. Mr. Osgood was a lawyer in Salem at one time, born in 1754, died 
in 1856. Mrs. Osgood's maiden-name was Mary [ " ] Pickman. She was daughter of 
Col. Benjamin Pickman and Mary Toppan, and it was through the Toppans and 
Bartons that the Willoughby blood joined the Pickman. 


" Mrs. Osgood was a most charming old lady, the third Pickman my grandfather 
married, the two first being sisters, and daughters of Clarke Gayton Pickman, and 
the third being their cousin. She died in 1856, ninety-two years of age. ... In 
her day people were careless about genealogy, and I suspect the only tradition in the 
family was that the Fair Maid of Kent was one of the Willoughby ancestors. . . . 

"The family of Benjamin Pickman, consisting of three sons and three daughters 
[who survived], were a peculiarly dignified and impressive group. Col. Pickman 
himself was a high-toned gentleman, and his wife (Mary Toppan) had all the qualities 
of a high-born lady. My wife was born but a few months before the death of 
Col. and Mrs. Pickman her grandfather and grandmother, and of her father 
Dr. Thomas Pickman. She was left therefore the pet of an unmarried uncle and 
aunt, and of her aunt Osgood. Salem and Andover were through them very 
intimate, and the monthly visit of William and Rawlins (Pickman), and Mrs. Dr. 
Pickman and Mary, was a dignified event among the people of the latter town. If 
the Fair Maid of Kent had joined the group, she would have found an appropriate 

65 "v. Abigail,™ born April 4, 1679, at Salem; married Capt. Joshua 
Pickman (son of Benj. Pickman), mariner of Salem ; she died August 24, 
1 710; he died January 24, 1750, aged sixty-nine. 

66 " vi. Sarah, [16] born July 1684, at Salem. 

67 " vii. Elizabeth, [16] born June 10, 1687, at Salem. 

68 "viii. John, [16] born December 11, 1688, at Salem ; mariner; June 19, 
1 710 (being of full age), he testified in regard to being acquainted with 
John Rowland, who was with him a year previous at Antigua, on a voyage 
with Capt. Robert Winter, &c. December 5, 17 10, he acknowledged receipt 
of his portion of his late father's estate from his brother Francis Wil- 

He may have been, as in the " History of Billerica " it is stated that 
he was, " probably the father of 

"John, b. 1707, Dec. 25, who m. 1735, March 27, Anna Chamberlain, dau. of 
John, and lived in Billerica until 1743, southwest of Nutting's pond. He removed 
to Hollis, and d. there 1793, Feb. 2. Ch. John, b. 1735, Dec. 24; was one of the 
pioneer company who settled Plymouth, N. H., 1762. He spent a long life there; 
'elder' of the church and deacon for 67 years ; d. 1834, June 22. At his funeral his 


pastor, Rev. George Punchard, said that 'every remembrance of him was pleasant 
and honorable.' He m., 2d, 1774, June 28, in Hollis, N. H., Elizabeth Sprake, dau. of 
Nicholas. Jonas, b. 1737, March 31, lived in Hollis. Joseph, b. 1739-40, Feb. 17; 
d. 1810, July. Anna, b. 1741, May 30; m. Timothy French of Hollis. Mary, b. 
1742-3, Feb. 26 ; d. 1752. Susanna, b. 1744, May 26 ; m. Jonathan Powers of 
Dunstable; d. 1828, Sept. Samuel, b. 1745, Feb. 13; lived in Hollis, and had 13 ch.; 
d. 1832, Oct. 26. Mehitable, b. 1747, Aug. 3. Rebecca, b. 1749, Feb. 13. William, 
b. 1751, Sept. 2; d. 1773, Nov. Elizabeth, b. 1753, April 3; Josiah, b. 1755, July 30; 
d. 1757, Sept."" 

It is supposed that Dep.-Gov. Willoughby had lands granted to him 
in Billerica. This may have led to the settlement of a branch of the 
family there. But they themselves have no tradition of such descent. 

We ought to add, here, that we have had letters and records from a 
family of Willoughbys who think they may be descendants of Deputy- 
Governor Willoughby. They may have come through his son Jonathan, or 
through Nehemiah, or through John son of Nehemiah son of Francis. 
Their first known ancestor John Willoughby of Wallingford, Conn., 
removed to Goshen in the same State. In 1728 he married Mary Dibble. 
In the few records we have received, names are given us of some prominent 
persons of this line. One of these was Westel Willoughby, born in 1 769, 
grandson of John of Wallingford and Goshen, Conn., who was a promi- 
nent physician in Herkimer county, N. Y., and Member of Congress 
early in this century. 40 Judge Westel Willoughby of Washington, D. C, 
writes that his grandfather Josiah, a cousin of Dr. Westel Willoughby, 
removed to Groton, N. Y. He was born there in 1830, was gradu- 
ated at Hamilton College, was admitted to the Bar in 1857, married 
Jennie R. Woodbury, was Major of 137th N. Y. Vols., wounded 
at Chancellorsville in 1863, resigned, in consequence, the same year, 
was appointed^ by Gen. Scofield Judge of Circuit Court, and after- 

History of Billerica, Mass., with A Genealogical Register, by the Rev. Henry A. Hazen, A.J 
. Boston . . . 1873, p. 163. 
1 Mr. Greenwood says that his son Westel Willoughby Jr. was M. C. 1815-17. 


wards was made Judge of the Supreme Court of Appeals of Virginia, 
held the place till the State was reconstructed, has since practiced 
law in Alexandria, Va., and in Washington where he now resides. 
He has two sons, Westel W. and William Franklin, graduates of 
Johns Hopkins University. His brother B. F. Willoughby is a 
Presbyterian clergyman of Lima, N. Y., and his brother Edmund A. 
Willoughby is a mining-broker of Denver, Col. He has heard a tradition, 
through his grandfather, that they are descended from a distinguished 
English family. 

All that we can learn of our ancestress Mrs. Margaret Willoughby 
combines to give a very agreeable impression of her character and environ- 
ment. Her whole history shows that she had a very loving and loveable 
nature, and great personal attraction. Perhaps she owed to her Spanish 
great grandmother Cattarina de Gallegos, a lady of noble extraction, some 
foreign charm of elegance and distinction. Descended from old heraldic 
families through both her father and her mother, who gave her a good 
portion, she married (when quite young, probably) Daniel Taylor Esq., a 
gentleman of good family-position and estate, who died in 1655, a few 
months after their marriage, after having dealt generously with his "loving 
and dear wife " both previous to their marriage and in the jointure he pro- 
vided for her in his Will. After his death, she seems to have returned to 
her father's house, till, about three years later she married Francis Wil- 
loughby Esq., during his official career in England. Her descendants have 
the best of evidence that she filled satisfactorily her place in his family. 
Her mother-in-law, living with abundant means in London, left her old 
home there to come to America with her son Francis, to spend the rest 
of her days with him and his wife — her "daughter Margaret," — as she calls 
her in her Will. The Deputy-Governor, in his Will, confirms to his wife 
the right to all his mother gave her. His own love and tenderness toward 
his wife underlie all the provisions of his Will and overflow whenever he 
speaks of her. He tries to protect her against any possible annoyances 


from his wayward son Jonathan, and all disputes about his property, 
bequeathing to her nearly half his estate, in addition to what he had already 
given her ; confirming to her her own personal articles of value which 
she had brought with her, and those that she had received from himself, or 
from his mother, or from any other person ; which articles she was to 
designate, he "having that confidence in her that she would not challenge 
the least thing that she hath not right unto." What a tribute to the 
delicate honor of a woman called upon to divide between herself and her 
own children on one side, and step-children on the other ! Having done 
all that was possible in his lifetime for his " loving and beloved wife," he 
made her sole executrix of his Will, and commended her to four of his 
"loveing friends" whom he made overseers of his Will, one of whom was 
his cousin and intimate friend Lawrence Hammond, "earnestly entreating 
them that, as they did ever manifest any affection and respect for " him 
" that they would manifest the like to" his "wife in all that assistance 
that she shall stand in need of; she being a stranger in the Country, and not 
knowing whome to apply [to] for help in case of need," and gave a special 
legacy to Hammond "provided he deale respectively with" his "wife and 
assist her about settling" his "estate." 

When the Deputy-Governor died, his children by former wives were : 
Jonathan, and Mrs. Sarah Campfield (both no longer at home) ; Nehemiah, 
then aged twenty-seven, who probably remained in his step-mother's house 
till his own marriage the next year ; William, aged about nineteen ; and 
Mrs. Willoughby's own children were : Francis, about twelve, and Susannah, 
about seven years of age. She being left with such a family, Hammond 
could most fully and faithfully accept the trust confided to him by becom- 
ing her husband, and the father of her Willoughby children. She had 
already known him well as her husband's nearest relative, and she could 
trustfully give herself and her children into his care ; which she did 
between three and four years after the death of the Deputy-Governor. 
Capt. Lawrence Hammond's Diary contains this record : 


" I was marryed in Charlestovvne to M r8 Margaret Willoughby, widow of Francis 
Willoughby Esq., on y e 8 th day of February 167$, who dyed of a feaver on y e 2 nd day 
of February i68f. By my wife Margaret I had no child." 

Markham's " Life of Lord Fairfax " mentions the following persons 
of note of the Hammond family : Col. Thomas Hammond, who was one 
of the Royalist Commissioners to negotiate for the surrender of York in 
1644; Col. Robert Hammond, one of the officers of the " New Model" in 
1645, who was second son of Mr. Hammond of Chertsey ; Lieut.-General 
Thomas Hammond, a distinguished officer of the " New Model" in 1645 ; 
and Rev. Dr. Hammond, uncle of Col. Robert, a favorite Chaplain of 
Charles I., in 1647. 

"The name Hammond, . . . [sometimes spelt] Hannam and 
Hanham, may be found on the rolls of the Parliamentary Navy in [1653 
and] 1659, in the person of Capt. Willoughby Hannam, of the 'Kentish,' 
who, retained in the service after the Restoration, was killed in action 
against the Dutch, May 28, 1672, being then in command of a seventy- 
four gun ship, the ' Triumph.' In the body of the church of St. Margaret 
Pattens, London, is a flat stone to Willoughby Hannam and his sister 
Frances, 1683-4, and Berry's ' Kent Genealogies ' gives the descendants 
of this Capt. Hannam, 11 through his son Jonathan, born at Andover 1670, 
and died at CrondalL Hants, April 30, 1754." 

Lawrence Hammond's mother was mentioned in the Will of Mrs. 
Elizabeth Willoughby as her " sister Jane Hammond of Virginia." We 
learn from Mr. Charles H. Browning of Ardmore, Pa., author of "Americans 
of Royal Descent," that his father was Col. Mainwaring Hammond, who 
was a Member of Gov. Berkeley's Council in Virginia at the same time that 

41 " Berry has given the name incorrectly as Capt. Jonathan Hannam." 

Col. William Willoughby's wife's sister having married a Hammond, and having been the mother 
of Capt. Lawrence Hammond, the probability is suggested that Capt. Willoughby Hannam was of the 
same family and received his name from Col. Willoughby. The name Jonathan was used in both 

The Hammonds were among the old and prominent families of Kent. 


Councillor Thomas Willoughby was, who is supposed to have been a 
relative of Sir Percival Willoughby. 

"Capt. Hammond was made a Freeman in 1666 [in Charlestown], and 
rose from the rank of Ensign, to that of Captain in the militia ; he also 
entered the Art-Company in 1666 as Ensign and was Lieutenant in 1672. 
During this latter year he was a representative, and in 1677 removed to 
Boston. Though married four times, at his death, which took place 25 July, 
1699, he left but one child, Abigail, who was then the wife of James Whippo 
of Barnstable, though a former husband had been Luke Greenough. In 
168 1 Mr. and Mrs. Hammond were living on the W m Stevens farm at 
Gloucester [a tract of five hundred acres which she received from Gov. Wil- 
loughby]. She died 2 February, 1683, and was buried on the 6th." 

Her married life with Capt. Hammond was evidently happy and con- 
fiding. Her sole living child Susannah, named for her own mother 
Mrs. Susannah (Cole) Locke, she entrusted, with her property, to her 
" dear husband's care and dispose," expressing her entire confidence in him. 

At the close of her life, spent with large-minded and public-spirited 
men, she gave a legacy to the poor of Charlestown, and, in case of the 
death of either her daughter or Capt. Hammond, left to the Free School 
of Charlestown a large bequest. 

She had been for eight years the wife of Capt. Hammond. When 
she died, her daughter Susannah Willoughby was nineteen years of age. 
She was married the same year to Nathaniel Lynde Esq. 

Her Will, proved April 12th, 1683, reads as follows : 

"'I do leave my immortal soul in the Armes of everlasting mercyes of God, 
Father, Son and Holy Ghost, my body I committ to a decent buriall at y e discretion 
of my Christian Friends. My Temporall Estate reserved upon marriage to my ovvne 
dispose, I do will y* after all the debts by me p r sonally or as Executrix to my former 
Husband Francis Willoughby deceased owinge & justly due to any p r son, being 
justly and truly pd. I do give & bequeath y e Remainder of the three Eighths & one 
sixteenth p l . given me by y e aforsd. Francis Willoughby out of hisownepopp" Estate, 


th' one halfe thereof to my hon d & deare Husband Capt. Lawr. Hamond & th' oth r 
hafe p*. to my daughter Susannah Willoughby. To my sister Elizab Lock I do give 
one hundred pounds to be p d out of the Rents due to me in England & the Remainder 
there due I do bequeath th' one halfe to my husband, & the oth r halfe to my aforesd 
daughter. The Residue of all my estate in old England & New England, in w' 
nature & kind soev r I do give and bequeath to my afores 4 . Daughter Susannah. And 
in case she shall decease before her marriage or twenty one yeares of age : I do give 
th' one halfe of the aforenam d legacy of three eighths & one sixteenth given me of 
my former husband's Estate to y e free school in Charlestowne to be pd by my Exec r . 
as he may conveniently do it ; To Francis Hamond £ pt. of the Pink Francis & 
Susannah. To the poor of Charlestowne twenty pounds in cloathing to be pd to 
such as my Executor shall think meet, twenty or forty shill. to a p r son. And in case 
my Husband shall decease before my daughter Susannah I do give y e remainder to 
y" free school of Charlestowne. But in case my deare husband shall survive I do 
then give y e s d remainder the whole & ev r y pt thereof to my s d Husband. 

" ' Finally I do entreate my hon d & deare husband to be Executor to this Will, 
& I do comitt & leave my afores d Daughter w th her portion to his care & dispose, 
having confidence y l he will be a faithfull & loving father & friend unto her. In 
witness hereof I do hereunto putt my hande & seale this si. of August, 1680.' " 

" ' Margaret Hammond & seale.' " 

"'Seal d . & dd in p r sence of us. 
Tho. Danfofth 
Grace Ireland.'" 


The foregoing pages embrace the principal facts which are known 
respecting Col. William Willoughby, and Deputy-Governor Francis 
Willoughby. We will now give the results of our investigations in respect 
to their English ancestry. 

We began by analyzing the arms which, as we have seen, were borne 
both by Col. William Willoughby and by his son Francis — handed down 
to us on the mural monument of the former, in the Church of St. Thomas 
at Portsmouth, and on the seal of the latter. We have a water-color 
copy, and a photograph, of the monument ; and a clear copy in wax of 
the seal. 

As the result of Mr. Greenwood's investigations and our own, in 
regard to the arms, we give the following. The arms of the early 
Willoughbys de Eresby were undoubtedly Or fretty Azure. These were 

69 borne by Robert 2 de Wilegby, afterwards Lord Willoughby de Eresby, at 
the siege of Caerlaverock in December 1299, when he attended King 
Edward I. The earliest crest mentioned in the collections of Glover, 
the Somerset Herald of the time of Elizabeth, who drew up an account 
of the Willoughby family, is a bat or demi-bat volant, the wings fretty. On 

70 the monument of Richard Bertie Esq. and his wife Catharine 11 Willoughby 
(Duchess of Suffolk by her first marriage) daughter and sole heiress of 

71 William 10 Willoughby Baron de Eresby, there is an escutcheon of 
Willoughby and Beke quartered, with "a bat displayed," as the crest of 
Willoughby. The bat is also found with Willoughby among the armorial 

72 bearings on the monument of their son Peregrine 12 Bertie, Lord Willough- 
by de Eresby, where the mantlings are, as described, " Gules, doubled 
Argent." But from a manuscript in the Library of Canterbury, we have 
his arms as borne in 1590, in which the crest is the full, round, fierce head 
of a lion, with wings of a bat on either side, fretty. This later crest with 
a distinct lions face and a bat's wings Or fretty Azure is engraved in 

"j i, Edmondson's " Baronagium Genealogicum ' M2 as that carried by Robert 13 


Bertie, the son of Peregrine Bertie Lord Willoughby, who succeeded his 
father as Lord Willoughby de Eresby in 1601, and was created Earl of 
Lindsey in 1626. By consulting our Pedigree of Willoughby it will be seen 

74 that Robert Bertie descended from Sir Christopher 9 Willoughby, who was 

75 also the ancestor of Thomas 12 Willoughby Esq., Sheriff of Kent in 1 590, and 

76 of Sir Percival, 13 who married Bridget daughter of Sir Francis Willoughby 
of Wollaton, and niece of Margaret Willoughby Maid of Honor to Princess 
Elizabeth. Finally, Lady Georgina Bertie, in her " Five Generations of 
a Loyal House," shows us, as Willoughby arms, frctty Or and Aztire, 
a full-faced helmet, over which a wreath, and on it the crest a lions head 
and neck couped at the shoulders, with wings expanded and fretty. 

It will thus be seen that the bat's face of the early Willoughbys had 
been changed to that of a lion, while the bat's wings had been retained. 43 

The bat's face having fallen into disuse, no care appears to have been 
taken to retain the exact form of bat's wings. For Sir Francis Willoughby, 
knighted in Ireland in 16 10, used for crest a lions head guar dant couped at 
the shoulders Or, between two wings expanded Or fretty Aztire, the kind 
of wings not being described. 

Now what were the arms borne by Col. William Willoughby and his 
son the Deputy-Governor, emblazoned on a conspicuous monument to the 
former on the interior wall of a church ; and used publicly by the latter, as 
shown by his seal attached to a business-paper? 

In the first place, the shield is Or fretty Azure ; secondly, the crest is 
distinctly a lions head guar dant, couped at the shozdders Or, between two 
wings expanded. Mantled Gules, doubled Argent — that is, the arms of the 
mural tablet and seal are those which belonged from the first, and have 
always belonged, to the Willoughbys de Eresby, with that modification, 
as to crest, which was used by Peregrine Bertie, a descendant in the fourth 
generation from Sir Christopher Willoughby of the de Eresby line. 

43 While this crest is still retained among the family devices, and thus belongs to Lord Middleton, 
and others, it has been generally displaced by a man's bust ducally crowned, now used by the lines of 
Willoughby de Eresby. 


There is but one discrepancy between the two emblazonments — that is, 
that the high, stiff, bat-like, but indistinct, wings of the lion, on the mural 
tablet, are painted Gnles. This is easily accounted for. Any one who in 
these days has had dealings with heraldic draughtsmen, knows the difficulty 
of securing accuracy, even now, and can easily understand how the mistake 
might have been made, nearly two hundred and fifty years ago, by the 
original heraldic painter, or, more probably, by some later restorer, in 
painting the wings Gufes, when the mantlings which surrounded them 
were partly of that color. 

We find that Col. Willoughby was thirteen years of age* when 
Peregrine Bertie, tenth Lord Willoughby de Eresby, died ; that Peregrine's 
son Robert, eleventh Lord Willoughby de Eresby and first Earl of Lindsey, 
77 died in 1642, and was succeeded by his son Montague, 14 twelfth Lord 

Willoughby de Eresby and second Earl of Lindsey, who died in 1666, 
leaving successors. Of course, the Colonel and his son, as well as the 
public at large, were familiar with the armorial bearings of these noblemen ; 
and they could not have used the same arms without full assurance that 
they were of the same de Eresby lineage. 

The shield and crest of Deputy-Governor Francis Willoughby are the 
same as those of Peregrine Bertie Lord Willoughby de Eresby, and of 
the Colonel, better drawn than those of the latter. In the minute cutting 
on the seal we can discern the " fretty " on the wings. The seal shows 
the " closed visor in profile " appropriated to esquires and gentlemen ; not 
the open bars of the "grated helmet in profile" (common to all degrees 
of the peerage under a duke) of his father's arms. As the distinction 
between the helmets of noblemen and gentlemen had not become fixed in 
Col. Willoughby's time he used the full arms as they had come down from 
his early titled ancestors. 

Farther inquiry into our Willoughby ancestry led us to consider, 
next, the relics and traditions which have come down to us from 
Col. William Willoughby and his son. 


It is always important to descendants to hear of hereditary relics, 
even if they have only a general interest. But in the relics handed down 
from our earliest known Willoughby ancestors, we find curious historic 
evidences by which we connect Col. William Willoughby with his English 
forefathers, and take hold of threads which lead us toward his place in their 

The perpetuation of family-traditions seems to be very dependent 
on some foundation of written records, or articles of hereditary possession. 
We have seen, in our Lynde monograph, that our descent from the Digby 
family would have been lost if the second Chief Justice Benjamin Lynde 
had not been a genealogist. He, the great grandson of Elizabeth Digby, 
collected the information that remained in the memory of his father, and 
that which was preserved in old papers, and prepared from them a careful 
pedigree which was several times copied in the early generations of the 
family, once by himself. Strange to say, while most of the old Digby, 
Lynde and Willoughby Bibles, silver, jewels, and other precious relics 
have passed out of existence, these old, brown, creased and broken papers 
remain, fondly cherished by their possessors. This pedigree, which 
remained in the Saybrook branch of Judge Nathaniel Lynde's descend- 
ants, has kept in their memories more or less of Lynde history to the 
present day, while they have not retained any history or relics associated 
with the Willoughbys, and have lost all knowledge of their Willoughby 
descent." The branch which settled in New London North Parish (now 
Montville), in the colony of Connecticut, on the contrary, though they 
have a silver tankard with the Lynde coat of arms, have few distinct 
Lynde traditions, and no memories of the Digbys. Their family-recollec- 
tions are associated chiefly with Willoughby relics, and the traditions which 
have come down with them to recent times. It is therefore wholly to 

M The descendants of Elizabeth daughter of Judge Lynde, who married Judge Richard Lord of 
Lyme, have now only indistinct Lynde traditions, no Willoughby ; and know only by Mr. John McCurdy's 
Inventory of many pieces of silver which came to her daughter Anne, his wife, and were melted up early 
in this century (see 33iab»»3limtjc, p. 411). 



Sarah (21) Lynde, second wife of Joshua Raymond Esq., an educated 
78 and wealthy landowner of Montville, Conn., and to her niece Elizabeth, 17 

daughter of Rev. George and Hannah (Lynde) Griswold, wife of 
John Raymond (son of Joshua), that we owe all the history and traditions 
which have given us clues by which to trace our ancient Willoughby 
lineage. The other daughters of Judge Nathaniel Lynde married early, 
and left their father's house. In their hurried visits to him, afterwards, 
they would have had little time to hear the old family stories repeated, 
which, heard in their childhood, would have made little impression, and 
would have been crowded out of their memories by the cares and interests 
of their growing families. Sarah Lynde (b. 1702), on the contrary, 
remained with her father till his death in 1729. A year afterwards, when 
she was of the age of twenty-eight, she married, and went to her new 
home in Montville. She had not had from her father the "setting out" 
which had established her sisters in their husbands' homes. It remained 
for her to take her share from the treasures which her father had retained 
through his lifetime. These naturally would be the articles made most 
precious by their associations, as well as by their intrinsic value, which had 
been brought to his home by the wife of his youth, Susannah (18), only 
daughter of Dep.-Gov. Francis and Margaret (Locke) Taylor Willoughby. 
(See Bf0t!fi=&£n3re, p. 400, and ^etrism Of ILglUie.) Sarah Lynde 
had heard repeatedly, since her childhood, the old traditions of her 
mother's family, in connection with the Willoughby relics; and they 
had so wrought themselves into her mind that, in the new family into 
which she entered in the quiet town of Montville, she told the old stories, 
with details, as she exhibited to the wondering eyes around her the 
rare ancestral treasures she had brought in a great old carved chest. She 
had soon a new interest in perpetuating these family-histories. Her mar- 
riage had brought into the Raymond family her sister Hannah (Lynde) 
Griswold's daughter Elizabeth (b. 1725), who had married, in 1747, John 
Raymond, the son of her husband, and her own step-son, whom she had 
brought up since he was five years of age. With no children of her own, 


we may believe that to her step-son and her niece, and their children, she 
gave a mother's affection. 45 Thenceforward we trace the relics and their 
histories by easy transit through the generations. Lieut. John Raymond 
inherited the homestead which was also her home. She died in 1771 ; he 
lived forty-one years during her lifetime, after she married his father ; and 
his wife, her niece, lived forty-five years in her time — twenty-nine years of 
these after her own marriage. Elizabeth (Griswold) Raymond died in 
1779. She having inherited family-relics and traditions from the same 
source as her aunt, there were no family-stories to conflict with, or confuse, 
each other. We have had correspondence with her grandchildren, Miss 
Mercy 19 Raymond, Dr. George Griswold 19 Baker, Mrs. Mary Anna 19 
(Baker) Chappell, and Mrs. Sarah R. 19 (Baker) Vincent. Miss Raymond 
quoted her mother (who was a Raymond cousin of her father), and her 
"aunts." The other ladies quoted their "aunts." Those whom they 
remembered, daughters of Elizabeth (Griswold) Raymond, were : Eliza- 
beth, 18 born in 1751, twenty-eight years of age when Mrs. Sarah Raymond 
died, who married Joshua West, and died in 1841 ; Hannah, 18 born in 
1752, who died unmarried in 1834 ; and Anne, 18 born in 1758, who married 
Capt. Stephen Billings. They referred to " aunt Billings ;" but " aunt 
West," who lived to be ninety years old, is quoted as a special authority. 
Miss Anna Raymond of Jersey City writes : "great aunt West died from 
a fall. Her mind was clear and her memory good." These aunts and 
Miss Mercy's father formed an immediate link of connection between 
Sarah (Lynde) Raymond and Elizabeth (Griswold) Raymond and our 
informants. The family-stories came, therefore, from Deputy-Governor 
Willoughby's daughter Susannah Lynde to her daughter Sarah Raymond ; 
then to her niece Elizabeth Griswold Raymond and her daughters ; and 
from these daughters to our informants — the span of two lives having 
bridged over the time from Susannah (Willoughby) Lynde to the latter. 




45 Between this niece and her namesake Sarah," daughter of her sister Mrs. Susannah 16 (Lynde) 
Gardner of New London, Mrs. Sarah Raymond divided all her land and rights in land, by a deed 
given by her husband and herself November 8, 1764. 


Miss Mercy Raymond, having remained at home, became especially 
imbued with their Willoughby traditions. To indicate her own sources 
of information, we will give her exact place in the family. Her father 
Nathaniel Lynde 18 Raymond, son of John and Elizabeth (Griswold) 
Raymond, who was born in 1756, lived fifteen years in the lifetime of his 
step-grandmother, twenty-three years in the time of his mother, and thirty- 
three in his father's time. He died in 1838, when his daughter Mercy had 
lived with him for forty-four years. When she was born, her great grand- 
mother Sarah had been dead but twenty-three years, and her grandmother 
Elizabeth had been dead but fifteen years. It will be seen that there 
was only one life, that of her father, between her and Sarah Raymond 
daughter of Susannah (Willoughby) Lynde. Born in a small country 
town in 1 794, and living in great retirement, she had few opportunities for 
education. But she had a clear mind, much concentrated within narrow 
limits, and an accurate memory. She was the first one to tell us of the 
Taylor connection with the Willoughbys, a fact which we did not otherwise 
hear of till Col. Chester made the discovery in England years afterwards. 
In our correspondence with her, the goodness of her heart and the sim- 
plicity and sincerity of her character won our confidence and regard. We 
quote Miss Raymond's first letter, and afterwards condense her statements, 
in connection with other testimony. The letter is as follows : 

" Windham, December 20, 1873." 
" Dear Friend, 

" I received a communication from you, a few days ago, in regard to the 
Willoughby and Lynde family, requesting me to give you some information respect- 
ing them. All I know is what I have heard my mother and old aunts talk and tell 
over about their ancestors. My mother was granddaughter of Nathan Jewett and 
Deborah Lord his wife (sister of Richard Lord), and my father was a grandson of 
George Griswold that married a Lynde. His name was Nathaniel Lynde Raymond, 
so I can claim relation with you, both by my father and mother. . . . My great 
grandfather's second wife was Sarah Lynde. . . . She brought many nice things 
with her, but they are scattered in every direction. . . . The chest that Theodore 
Raymond has is one that she brought with her, full of nice things. I have often 



heard my mother tell how she had stood by that chest when she was a child, and seen 
her take out her nice things. I never had any of them but a pair of pillow cases, and 
them I gave to my niece in Philadelphia. They were marked F. M. W. for Francis 
and Margaret Willoughby. ... I don't know as you can read my writing, as I 
am an old woman in my eightieth year, and my hand trembles when I write much. 
With much respect 

I am ever yours truly, 

Mercy Raymond." 

According to the repeated testimony of the Lynde descendants of 
the Raymond branch, Sarah Raymond, daughter of Nathaniel Lynde, 
carried to her husband's home in Montville a large, massive, richly carved 
chest, containing her choice possessions. These were still kept in the 
chest in the time of her niece Mrs. Elizabeth Griswold Raymond ; and 
a granddaughter of the latter, one of the old ladies who wrote to us, 
described her delight when her grandmother lifted the heavy lid, with her 
assistance, and took out the rare articles, and told their history. The 
articles we shall mention all came out of this chest. As described by its 
89 present owner, Mr. George Clark 21 Raymond of Norwich, Conn., son of 

our former co-worker Mr. Theodore (15) Raymond, 

"The measurements of the chest outside are as follows: length six feet five 
inches, width two feet two inches and a half, depth two feet three inches; the lid 
projects two inches over this measurement. [There is also a deep, wide base, which is 
not included in Mr. Raymond's measurements.] The wood has no odor, and I do 
not know what kind it is. It has large wrought iron handles, on the ends, which are 
secured by bolts. The hinges are wrought iron, also bolted on. [They extend nearly 
across the cover. There is a large wrought iron lock.] It is carved in front, and on 
the inside of the lid ; the carving is partly worn off on the outside." 

We have seen this relic several times, and have before us, while we 
write, a photograph of the entire chest, standing open ; and another, of the 
arms in the center of the underside of the lid. Still it is very difficult to 
give any clear description of it, partly because the carving in low relief, 
not rounded, is much worn down on the outside, and partly because we do 


not know what scenes are intended to be represented by all its curious, 
quaint and elaborate work. The front of the chest is surrounded by heavy 
mouldings, within which are three large, slightly oblong medallions, each 
framed by a moulding. The medallions, as far as we can distinguish them, 
represent men on horseback riding through woods, perhaps hunting. 
Between and outside of the medallions are carved full-length figures of 
men in profile, standing. Between the medallions and the base there is a 
curious interlaced pattern. Between the outside medallions and the upper 
moulding there appears to be a succession of figures. Over the center 
medallion two lions " courant " face each other from each side of the 
keyhole. On the under side of the lid the carvings and black outlines are 
fresh. The two outer medallions represent gay parties of pleasure, with 
stately ladies and gentlemen in rich costumes, in the foreground. One 
shows boats among little islands ; both have turreted castles and spires in 
the background. The general effect is of Dutch landscape and figures. 
In the center of the under lid is an oval medallion with a shield and sup- 
porters surmounted by a ducal coronet. While all the rest of the chest is 
of the brownish color of the natural wood, except where the carvings are 
outlined with black, the shield is painted white, and has evidently had arms 
emblazoned upon it ; but the house-cleaning of its careful owners, for some 
two and a half to three centuries, has worn away all traces of the colors. 
We can best describe what still remains, in the words of a letter sent us 
from the College of Arms at Brussels, after our photograph had been 
examined there : 

"The device is Argent, a cross, with a bordure. . . . The supporters are : on ike 
right a hare, on the left a lion. The shield is surmounted by a crown of five points. 
To ascertain to whom the chest belonged, it would be necessary to know the 

George E. Cokayne Esq., Norroy King of Arms, of London, wrote us 
concerning the chest that it is " certainly foreign." 


Rev. John Woodward, F. S. A., of Montrose, Scotland, says : " I am 
pretty certain that the shield and supporters are neither Italian nor 
Spanish." He believes them to be of the style of Germany or the Low 

There exists in Lambeth Palace a large chest said to have come from 
the Spanish Armada, of which we saw a wood-cut showing it to be, in 
design and workmanship, very similar to ours. His Grace the Archbishop 
of Canterbury, with the kindness which characterizes him, had it photo- 
graphed for us from two points of view. On comparison, in their general 
design, the mouldings, medallions, upright figures and intricate patterns 
around the medallions, are so similar that no one can doubt that the two 
chests were made in the same country, and at about the same period. In- 
deed, the fact that some of the small tracery is identically the same in both 
would seem to indicate that the two were made by the same hand. The 
Archbishop's Chaplain repeated the tradition that the Lambeth chest came 
from the Armada, and said that the workmanship is supposed to be 
Flemish. Such chests, if manufactured in the Netherlands, would naturally 
have been carried to Spain when both countries were under Spanish rule. 

The present generation of our Willoughby-Raymond descendants 
believe that their chest, as well as a part of its contents, was a present 
from Queen Elizabeth. Without claiming that it was a personal gift from 
her to" any one of his family, it is easy to believe that Col. Willoughby, 
who as Purveyor, and afterwards as Commissioner, was all his life con- 
cerned with ships of the Royal Navy, would have had dismantled vessels 
and their contents fall under his control, and might have acquired such a 
relic of Elizabeth's time. 

Our earliest certain knowledge of it is by the mention in Dep.-Gov. 
Willoughby's Inventory, in 1671, of "a Dutch chest." It is evident that 
this great receptacle became a marriage-chest, in which Susannah Wil- 
loughby brought to the home of her husband Nathaniel Lynde, in Say- 
brook, many of the valuable articles mentioned in his Inventory (see 
3ifStJfi=2Lj>ntrr > p. 401), including "Queen Elizabeth's cup" and the 



" pearl necklace " given to her mother by her first husband Daniel Taylor, 
to which we may imagine that her second husband, Dep.-Gov. Willoughby, 
added the "diamond locket," of which we have spoken in our Lynde 

It became again a marriage chest, when Susannah's daughter Sarah 
brought it and its contents to Montville. 

As we have seen, there exists no specific Inventory of Dep.-Gov. 
Francis Willoughby's personal property. The only traces of it now are 
found in the articles which were transmitted to her descendants by his 
daughter Susannah, who married Judge Nathaniel Lynde, son of Judge 
Simon Lynde of Boston, and removed with her husband to Saybrook, 
Conn. We have spoken of these articles in our Digby-Lynde Monograph. 
So far as can now be learned, no articles with Willoughby marks or 
traditions, which now exist, have come down in any lines of Nathaniel 
and Susannah (Willoughby) Lynde's descendants, except through their 
daughter Sarah, Mrs. Raymond, and their granddaughter Mrs. Elizabeth 
Griswold Raymond. 

When the writer began to investigate this subject, some twenty-five 
years ago, there still lived, of descendants of this branch of the family, 
with whom she corresponded, to some of whom she has already referred, 

90 Miss Mercy (81) Raymond, Mrs. Elizabeth 20 (Otis) Sherman, Mrs. Mary 
Anna (83) (Baker) Chappell, Mrs. Sarah R. (84) (Baker) Vincent, 
Dr. George Griswold (82) Baker of Norwalk, O., and his wife, Mr. Theo- 

9 1 dore (15) Raymond of Norwich, Conn., and Miss Mary N. 21 Sherman 
(now Mrs. B. A. Hayes of Toledo, O.) ; the last three being of the next 
two generations, of whom the last named is the only survivor. All of these 
repeated the same statements, with slight variations ; and we have heard 
of them, in more imperfect forms, from several other members of the 
same family. All but three were grandchildren, two others were great 
grandchildren, and one a great great grandchild of John and Elizabeth 
(Griswold) Raymond. 

ZSUU ougfjlnj 

Of the many rich articles brought by Sarah (Lynde) Raymond, in 
1 730, some are scattered and forgotten, some remain only in vague remem- 
brance, others still exist. Of the fragmentary accounts of them which 
have come in we make the following abstract. 

In a letter of December 11, 1873, Mrs. Baker wrote: 

" Enclosed I send you a scrap of writing from Miss Mercy Raymond. She 
copied from some old paper in her possession. . . . The records and relics in 
her possession came to her through the family of Joshua Raymond, who married 
Sarah Lynde." 

Mr. Theodore Raymond afterwards wrote : 

"Miss Mercy Raymond died in 1879, and I do not know what became of many 
old records and other curious things which she had." 

Mrs. M. A. (84) (Baker) Vincent, granddaughter of Elizabeth (Gris- 
wold) Raymond, wrote concerning a Bible which her aunts and mother had 
told her about : 

" It was very large, and nicely bound in vellum, with three very broad and hand- 
some silver clasps. After my great grandmother Sarah Raymond died, a crazy 
woman took it and carried it about till it was lost." 

This large Bible probably contained the family-records, and would 
have given us the history for which we have so long been searching. 

92 Miss Elizabeth Griswold 20 Ransom describes an antique ring which 

93 descended to her mother Elizabeth Griswold, 19 daughter of Stephen and 
Anne (Raymond) Billings, and granddaughter of Elizabeth Griswold and 
John Raymond, who married Stephen Ransom of Jersey City : 

"The ring has seven diamonds. The face of the center one is one eighth of an 
inch square, and is slightly raised above the setting. On each side of this are three 
diamonds, one quarter the size of the center one — two next the large diamond and 
one below the two. The setting underneath is of turquoise, in four divisions, between 
bars of gold, each division having a single pearl representing a tiny rivet head. The 


turquoise shows slightly at the sides. The depth of the setting is nearly one quarter 
of an inch — the length one inch. The sides of the ring are chased, with three prongs 
also chased, which are fastened to the setting of the one diamond, and thus hold the 
setting. The inner circumference of the ring is two and a half inches." 

This was one of the ten rings mentioned in Judge Nathaniel Lynde's 
Will, of which the best one was bequeathed to his second wife. 

Several pieces of silver are remembered in the family, of which all 
trace is lost. Mrs. Lucy J. 21 (Raymond) Bulkley has a silver can, or mug, 
marked "F. M. W." (Francis and Margaret Willoughby). Mrs. Mary 
Anna (Baker) Chappell wrote : " There was a can in Hartford, at 
Christopher Comstock's, marked F. M. W." 

A silver tankard, the tortoise-shell and silver snuff-box, said to be 
marked with Willoughby initials, mentioned in Nathaniel Lynde's Inven- 
tory, and several pillow-cases marked " F. M. W.," are said to have gone 
into the Dolbeare family of descendants. 

Mrs. Baker, wife of Dr. George Griswold Baker, wrote : 

" I have before me a large tablecloth and napkin of beautiful damask linen, the 
pattern a hunting-scene in a forest with stags, hounds and a man on horseback. 
These are marked with W. E. W. [William and Elizabeth Willoughby], apparently 
woven in the fabric, or perhaps wrought with a needle with the same linen as the 

Mrs. Vincent describes the same tablecloth as "two yards square," 
with a design, "gentlemen on horseback hunting." There was a towel 
like it. The writer has seen one of the same set of towels, or rather 
napkins, owned by a Willoughby- Lynde Lord descendant, Miss Gertrude 
Bradley of Meiiden, Conn., which is of the finest and most silky quality 
of damask. The pattern represents gentlemen in doublets and hose, with 

46 That fine damask was woven at an earl) - period, is shown by Mr. Greenwood, who writes: "a 
tablecloth and napkin of the finest damask, ornamented with her arms, which belonged to Princess 
Elizabeth when confined in the Tower, and became a perquisite of the Keeper when she left in 1555, 
was exhibited to the Society of Antiquaries in June 1781." 


tall hats, riding between large trees in pursuit of game, accompanied by 
leaping dogs. 

Mrs. Baker sent the writer a piece of the wedding dress of Hannah 
Lynde, who married Rev. George Griswold. It is much faded and worn, 
but has been a heavy, twilled silk, with green stripes on a white ground. 

A tablecloth, or tablecover, inherited by Mrs. Elizabeth (Griswold) 
95 Raymond, went to her granddaughter Nancy 19 Billings who married 

Joseph Otis of Chicago ; then to Mrs. Otis's daughter Elizabeth (90) 
who married Nathan Gould Sherman ; from whom it came to her daughter 
Mrs. B. A. Hayes, who wrote as follows : 

"The tablecloth which we think was embroidered by Queen Elizabeth came 
into the family through Lord Willoughby. This 'surnap ' is of fine linen, embroid- 
ered, across both ends, in a beautiful close pattern. I will enclose some rubbings to 
you of the embroidery. The work is over-hand-stitch, not openwork. The whole is 
solid embroidery, saving here and there an eyelet. On the edge is a very narrow 
hemstitched hem, and in one corner is what I have been told was her crown, although 
to me it little resembles one. I will draw it just the shape and size. This is done in 
the embroidery-stitch with white linen. There is a strip of embroidery across each 
end of the cloth, and the cloth measures forty-four by fifty-three inches." 

Miss Sherman sent us an exact copy of this mark, which can only be 
described as a closed padlock. It is of the precise square form given in 
Edmondson's "Complete Body of Heraldry" (vol. ii., Plate vi., Fig. 9, in 
base), with the remark that it is "the most ancient of any form borne in 

Mrs. Mary Anna Chappell wrote : 

" I have always been told that Queen Elizabeth worked that tablecloth in the 

Mrs. Vincent made a similar statement. 


96 Mr. Henry A. 19 Baker wrote : 

97 "I have heard Mr. [William 80 ] Raymond [father of Mrs. Bulkley] speak of the 
incident of Queen Elizabeth and Lord Willoughby, but cannot remember to give 
any of the details." 

Mr. Theodore Raymond had always heard the tablecloth associated 
with Queen Elizabeth, but could not give us its story. 
Mrs. Baker wrote : 

" The Tablecloth belonging to Mrs. Elizabeth Sherman is now before me. I 
will describe it as minutely as I can. It is composed of fine linen, with two rows of 
most exquisite needlework across it, said to have been wrought by Queen Elizabeth, 
when she was confined in the Tower in her sister Mary's reign, and given by her to 
Lord Francis Willoughby, who was a relative, and thus handed down. This table- 
spread was, no doubt, from its size, a toilet-table cover. The ends are finished with 
a hemstitch that corresponds with the embroidery across it ; the sides are the original 
selvages. In one corner is a device, which is not, probably, a coat of arms, but a 
private mark." 

Miss Mercy Raymond wrote, and several times repeated, that the 
tablecloth wrought by Queen Elizabeth in the Tower was given to a Maid 
of Honor of hers who was one of the Willoughby s, by whom it came down 
in the family. 

It will be observed that the family-tradition has given a royal signifi- 
cance to the device on the tablecloth, calling it a crown. This device of a 
closed padlock gives special value to the relic. 

To this private mark we direct particular attention. We find it 
stated in history that Edward IV., the great grandfather of Queen Eliza- 
beth, used a falcon on an open padlock, or fetterlock, as one of his 
devices. But the first use of this device of a padlock in the royal 
family of England, which is known with certainty, was by Edward IV. 's 
great grandfather Edmund of Langley, fifth son of Edward III., who, 

" when his father had endowed him with Fotheringay Castle, which he rebuilt in 
the form of a fetterlock, assumed to himself his father's falcon and placed it on a 


fetterlock, to imply that he was locked up from the hope and possibility of the 

that is, in consequence of the successes of his ambitious brother John of 
Gaunt, who brought in the Lancastrian line of Sovereigns of England. 
It is a curious additional fact that John of Gaunt himself used the device 
of " an eagle standing on a padlock assaying to force open the same." e 

It thus appears that the fetterlock or padlock had been used, in several 
generations of Queen Elizabeth's ancestors, signifying exclusion from 
royal succession, or endeavor to force admission to it ; or, if the padlock 
was open, quiet possession of the kingdom. 

The use of this device in the royal family of England has had a still 
earlier origin ascribed to it by Sir Walter Scott in his " Ivanhoe," where 
the disguised King Richard I., when besieging the castle in which Rebecca 
and Ivanhoe were shut up, is called "the Black Knight of the Fetterlock," 
bearing this device. But whether this representation is founded on fact, 
or was the license of a novelist, we have. not ascertained. 

Combining all the facts and traditions, may we not confidently believe 
that, while imprisoned by her sister Mary's order, Princess Elizabeth did 
embroider the closed padlock on this tablecloth ? 

While she was in confinement at Woodstock, she " is said to have 
heard over the park wall in the fields a milkmaid singing merrily, and to 
have envied the joyousness of the humble daughter of the fields, whom she 
deemed far better off than herself," 49 showing that the imprisoning padlock 
weighed heavily on her soul. 

An additional bit of testimony as to a relationship between our 

41 Barrington's Introduction to Heraldry, London, 1848, p. 102. 
48 The Edinburgh Encyclopaedia. . . . Philadelphia, 1832, x. 341. 

45 The Youth of Queen Elizabeth, 1 533-1558. By Louis Wiesener. Edited . . . by Charlotte 
M. Yonge. London, 1879, ii. 129. 


Willoughbys and the noble family of the name in the mother-country 
came to us from Virginia. 

Since the early part of the seventeenth century there have been 
Willoughbys in Virginia, whose relationship to the Willoughbys of New 
England has been recognized on both sides. 

Mr. Theodore Raymond wrote us that he had always heard that 
Dep.-Gov. Willoughby was related to the Willoughbys of Virginia. 
Charles H. Browning Esq., genealogist, writes us : 

" The tradition is that the Willoughbys of Virginia are of kin to your branch. 
. . . Their ancestor Thomas Willoughby was, in 1642, a member of Gov. Berkeley's 
Council, at the time Col. Mainwaring Hammond also was. Col. Hammond, you 
may recall, married the aunt of your Francis Willoughby, and their son married 
Francis's widow. . . . Councillor Thomas Willoughby, it is believed, was a 
brother of Sir Percival Willoughby; any way, they were both interested in the 
colonization of Virginia ; and Sir Percival was a member of Sir Edward Sandys's Co." 

R. A. Brock Esq., the antiquary of Richmond, Va., writes us : 

"I have heard the tradition that there was a relationship between Thomas 
Willoughby of Virginia and Deputy-Governor Francis Willoughby of Massa- 

Col. Thomas Willoughby, the relative of Sir Percival Willoughby of 
the Kent branch of the Willoughbys de Eresby, was one of the earliest 
emigrants to Virginia. He brought with him a company of 240 persons, 
in consideration of which he received a grant of 1,200 acres of land, in 
Norfolk County, called Willoughby Point Manor. He rose to distinction, 
and " he and his descendants, for generations, were Lord Lieutenants of 
the Shire of Elizabeth City (from which Norfolk County was cut off). 
He was a Willoughby of Kent, and therefore of the same line as 
Sir Percival. He was too young to have been his brother, was not his 
son, but probably was a nephew, or cousin's son. 

There was, also, a Henry 15 Willoughby of Virginia (d. there in 1685), 
of another branch, great great grandson of Sir William 11 first Baron 


Willoughby of Parham, whose grandson Henry 17 became sixteenth 
Baron Willoughby of Parham, by judgment of the House of Lords, 
in 1767. 

These facts, in connection with the tradition of relationship between 
the Willoughbys of New England and those of Virginia, make another 
link in the chain of evidence, showing that our Willoughbys were related 
to the noble Willoughby family of England. 

We recall also, here, the interesting fact as already stated in our history 
of Dep.-Gov. Francis Willoughby, that William sixth Lord Willoughby 
of Parham had communication, on public matters, with the authorities of 
the Colony of Massachusetts Bay in 1666-67, his Lordship being then 
Governor of the Caribbean Islands, and Francis Willoughby being Deputy- 
Governor of the Province of Massachusetts. This fact, in connection 
with others, suggests the probability that kinship between the two officials 
had opened the way for the communication. 

With these few clues we went on with our work. Commencing with 
the arms upon Col. William Wiiloughby's mural tablet, we found, by the 
shield, that he was a Willoughby de Eresby ; that he did not quarter the 
arms of the Wollaton Willoughbys, consequently did not descend from 
the union of these two families ; that there was no mark of cadency to 
show that he was a younger son ; and that his crest belonged to the early 
Willoughbys ; therefore he had come down by a line which had not adopted 
the more recent crest of the family, a Saracen's head. He was of Kent, 
the seat of one branch of the Willoughbys de Eresby. Thus it appeared 
that Col. Willoughby was of an ancient line of Willoughbys de Eresby 
of Kent. 

In the next place we drew together the threads of the traditions con- 
nected with our Willoughby relics. The large old Raymond estate, and 
the Raymond share of the Lynde property, had been divided and sub- 


divided. None of the family were possessed of large wealth and its attend- 
ant ambitions. Several of our correspondents, including Miss Mercy 
Raymond, were in narrow circumstances. There was no state to maintain, 
no ambition to gratify. The " old aunts " and mothers whom they quoted 
were quaint old ladies, living in remote country-places, away from libraries, 
and without opportunities for historical research, who had a few fixed ideas, 
and treasured up very carefully their relics and traditions. Yet it has taken 
us many years, assisted by several genealogists and antiquaries in this 
country and in England, in the examination of history, and by Lady (Eliza 
Mary Gordon-Cumming) Middleton of the Willoughby archives, to find 
the history which these simple old ladies had already told us in a few words. 
How remarkably these words have been verified, we shall proceed to show. 
Doubtless the older generations gave a connected history of the family, 
which is now lost. We gather up the few fragments of family-history 
which have reached us. They are that a tablecloth, still religiously pre- 
served in the family, was " wrought by Queen Elizabeth when she was 
confined in the Tower" in her sister Mary's reign, and given by her to a 
Maid of Honor who was a Willoughby and a relative of hers, or, as one 
account has it, it was given to " Lord Francis Willoughby " and by him 
handed down in the family ; that "Lord Francis Willoughby was inti- 
mately connected with the Queen, and was knighted by her for his services." 
The only discrepancy which we find, between these traditions and the facts 
as given in English history, is in the title of "Lord Francis Willoughby." 
It was not a Francis Lord Willoughby, but Sir Francis Willoughby of 
Wollaton around whom these traditions cluster. This mistake of the 
old ladies was simply due to want of familiarity with the use of titles in 

To these statements, repeated in the Raymond family, we may add the 
remarkable coincidence of the mention, among the silver in Judge Nathaniel 
Lynde's Inventory, of "Queen Elizabeth's cup" (see 33fflt)JJ=2LffHtJt t 
p. 401). 


We corresponded several years ago with Mrs. Mary (63) (Pickman) 
Loring, the first wife of the late Hon. George B. Loring of Salem, Mass., 
and a descendant of Col. Willoughby through his son the Deputy-Gov- 
ernor and his grandson Nehemiah, and thus of a line so distinct from that 
of the Raymonds that they had never had any knowledge of each other, 
who wrote : 

" I have heard my aunt [Mrs. Mary (64) (Pickman) Osgood, born 1764, died 1856], 
who lived to be ninety-two, speak of her remembrance of articles of value said to 
have come down from noble Willoughby relatives in England." 

Her husband added to this that he had often heard her say that she 
"descended from the Fair Maid of Kent." 

Mrs. Martha Pickman (36) (Rogers) Codman, of the line of 
Willoughby-Pickman, widow of John Amory Codman, of Boston, wrote 
us : "I have always heard that we came of the de Eresby Willoughbys." 

So far, nothing more definite was proved. Then we began to compare 
our traditions with historic facts. We found, in personal histories of 
Queen Elizabeth, that, when Princess, she was sent to the Tower March 18, 
1554, and left it in May of the same year, still a prisoner, for Woodstock, 
where she remained in confinement, under guard, till April 29, 1555. Her 
captivity ended on the 23d of May, 1555, after which she resided at 
Hatfield House; and that in 1555 Miss Margaret Willoughby, sister of 
Sir Francis Willoughby of Wollaton, was assigned to her household as 
Maid of Honor. This lady was a second cousin once removed to the 
Princess Elizabeth, by their common descent from Elizabeth Woodville, 
whose first husband was Sir John Grey, the great great grandfather of 
Margaret Willoughby ; and whose second husband was King Edward IV., 
the great grandfather of Princess Elizabeth. 

With reference to Princess Elizabeth's familiarity with needlework, 
we quote from Miss Strickland the following : 


" Needlework, in which, like her accomplished stepmother, Queen Katharine Parr, 
and many other illustrious ladies, Elizabeth greatly excelled, was one of the resources 
with which she wiled away the weary hours of her imprisonment at Woodstock, as 
we learn both by the existing devices wrought by her hand, in gold thread on the 
cover of the volume, which has just been described, and also from the following 
verses, by Taylor, in his poem in praise of the needle. 

Yet howsoever sorrow came or went, 
She made the needle her companion still, 
And in that exercise her time she spent, 
As many living yet do know her skill. 
Thus she was still a captive, or else crowned 
A needle-woman royal and renowned.'"" 

Lady Margaret Willoughby, as one of the Maids of Honor to the 
Princess Elizabeth, is alluded to in "The prayse of six Gentle-Women 
attending of the Ladye Elizabeth her Grace at Hatfield," where the writer 
speaks of Lady Willoughby as a laurel rather than a willow, intending, no 
doubt, to describe her as a woman of strong qualities of mind and 
character united with brilliancy. 

The lines referred to are as follows : 

" To worthie Willoughbie 
As eagle in her flighte 
So shall her peircinge eye 
Both wound and heal each wight 
That shall upon her gaze, 
And soon perceive, I see, 
A Laura in her face, 
And not a Willoughbie."™ 

We learned that Miss Willoughby's brother Sir Francis Willoughby, 
the builder of the great family-seat at Wollaton, had two daughters who 

K Lives of the Queens of England. ... By Agnes Strickland. Phil., 1851, vi. 82. 
53 Nugse Antiquae. ... By Sir John Harington . . . and by others. . . . London, 1804, 
ii. 39°- 


married into the de Eresby family, the eldest of whom, Bridget his heiress, 
married Sir Percival (76) Willoughby of Bore Place, Chiddingstone, 
co. Kent, a son of Thomas (75) Willoughby and Catharine Hart, and 
grandson of Robert 11 Willoughby and Dorothy daughter of Sir Edward 
Willoughby of Wollaton. Sir Percival was therefore a second cousin of 
his wife. His father was own cousin of Sir Francis and Miss Margaret. 
Thus the two families had been united twice. There was a double cousin- 
ship, and probably an intimacy, between the two branches. It became 
easy to suppose that any gift of the Queen to her cousin Miss Margaret, 
or to Sir Francis, would go to Bridget the niece and daughter, and by her 
would be carried to her husband's home in Chiddingstone. 

At this stage of our investigations, when we had seen our way thus 
far in tracing the ancestry of our Colonel William Willoughby, we printed 
a pamphlet which embraced our principal results obtained up to that time, 
with inquiries with reference to more definite conclusions. By this 
pamphlet correspondence was opened with various persons, in this country 
and abroad, who might be able to assist us, among whom we name with 
great pleasure Lady Middleton, whose husband, Sir Digby Wentworth 
Bayard 21 Willoughby, ninth Baron Middleton, now represents the united 
houses of de Eresby and Wollaton Willoughbys. Lady Middleton has 
been most obliging and helpful to us. We have referred to her already, 
and shall quote letters for facts communicated, and for the expression of 
her own views on the interesting subject now before us. 

George E. Cokayne Esq., Norroy King of Arms, of the College of 
Arms, London, wrote, in 1885, as follows: 

"I have just read thro' the well arranged little pamphlet on the Willoughby 
family, which carries with it conviction of a descent ; but alas ! the proving of how 
that descent runs is a matter, at this epoch, of great difficulty. In a wide-spreading 
race like that of Willoughby it is almost hopeless to work downwards; the only 
chance is working upwards, and that, in this case, has been, apparently, exhausted. 
I am myself a descendant of Willoughby, as Katharine daughter of 6th Lord 


Willoughby of Parham, who married Charles Cokayne, 3d Viscount Cullen, is my 
lineal ancestress ; and so am doubtless a cousin of Mrs. Salisbury, to whom please 
to present my compliments and thanks. . . ." 

From several letters of Lady Middleton we make the following 
extracts, confirmatory of our traditions, and showing her acceptance of our 
general conclusion that Col. Willoughby belonged somewhere in the 
Willoughby de Eresby pedigree, after the Wollaton intermarriages. 

" Lord Middleton has a pedigree of Willoughby dated 1581, de Eresby. . . . 
It has two crests — one a Saracen's head, the other a Lion's head, between bat's wings, 
blue barred." 

" Of course all those traditions of Lady Arundell of Wardour and the embroid- 
ery, etc., point to your Col. William having to do with the Wollaton branch, but after 
the junction with the de Kent or de Eresby, owing to his crest." 

Lady Middleton wrote from Birdsall House, York : 

"The pedigrees are here. The papers are all in the muniment-room at Wollaton 
Hall. A few things I mention which may help. I feel pretty sure your Col. W. 
Willoughby must belong to my husband's family on the male side, and after the 
houses of de Eresby and Wollaton joined." 

" You might find your Col. William in some off-line of the Eresbys or Parhams, 
if it were not for those traditions that seem to bind you to the Wollaton branch. 
Margaret Lady Arundell was a dear friend of Queen Elizabeth's, and was with her at 
the last ; she would most likely have a cup belonging to the Queen. I would much 
like to see the embroidered linen, to compare it with ours." Where is the cup? I 
think you may feel certain your Colonel belonged to us somehow, but must have 
been a younger son, and so not noted in contracted trees." 

" Margaret Willoughby was long with Princess Elizabeth, and may have made, 
or been given, many cloths, and, being very friendly with her brother Sir Francis, she 
may have given or left them to his family. She seems to have been a great deal at 
Court after her marriage." 

64 To the " Exhibition of the Royal House of Tudor " Lady Middleton lent a " Coverlid of Lace 
and Needlework wrought by Queen Elizabeth, when Princess, and her kinswoman Margaret Willoughby 
of Wollaton afterwards Lady Arundell of Wardour." 


"Col. W. Willoughby . . . may have received some family-treasures, such 
as the tablecloth, etc." 

Lady Middleton wrote, with reference to the tablecloth which we have 
described, that 

" Such exist at Wollaton or Birdsall, and are pronounced by an authority, Lady 

Marion Alford, to be the work of Tudor times.' 

Lady Middleton thinks Mrs. Loring's impressions that she was 
descended from the Fair Maid of Kent arose from a mistake which she 
thus explains : 

103 " William :8] fifth Lord Willoughby de Eresby married, 2nd, Joan daughter of 

Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent, by Joan, surnamed Fair Maid of Kent, granddaughter 
of Edward II. She had no children to Lord Willoughby." 

This mistake could easily arise, as in many of the books of pedigrees 
the names of the two wives of William fifth Lord Willoughby de Eresby 
are mentioned, without adding that the second wife had no children. Still, 
so many of our Willoughby traditions having proved true, we may yet find 
a descent from the " Fair Maid " through some other marriage. 

From another letter of her Ladyship we quote the following passage, 
of importance as tending to confirm our identification of Col. William 
Willoughby, a Parliamentarian, with the de Eresby family : 

" The Willoughbys de Eresby were great adherents of Cromwell, and held 
Lincoln on behalf of the Parliament. . . ." 

In this connection we refer to the fact, already stated in the first part 
of this monograph, that Francis fifth Lord Willoughby of Parham, Col. 
William's third cousin, twice removed, as we suppose, was, for a time, a 
General in the Army of the Parliament. 

In answer to an inquiry from us in regard to the knighting of Sir 
Francis Willoughby of Wollaton, Lady Middleton replied, December 2, 



" I cannot at present lay my hand on a paper which says : ' Queen Elizabeth 
kept Court at our place of Middleton in Warwickshire for a week, and there 
knighted Sir Francis Willoughby and Sir Harry Goodriche [I think], over a circle 
of bricks in the Great Hall. Great Hall and the chamber over it have since been 
pulled down.' This, or something like it, is the wording, and this is all we so far 
know about it. It must have been Sir Francis the builder of Wollaton, and likely a 
kinswomanly act on the part of Elizabeth. . . . He was knighted after 1566. A 
letter to him, dated August 24, 1566, from his father-in-law Sir John Lyttleton of 
Frankly (an ancient and distinguished family) regrets Francis's sudden departure 
from Killingworth (Kenilworth), where he was sought for but could not be found ; 
otherwise he would have made his (Sir John's) daughter 'a Lady,' for within an hour 
after, six knights were made : himself (Sir John), Sir William Devereaux, Sir George 
Hastings, Sir John Throgmorton, Sir Foulke Greville — So it must have been after, 
that the Queen went to Middleton, also in Warwickshire, and knighted Sir Francis." 

The main fact here stated, drawn from the muniments of the 
Willoughby family in England, having its echo in a traditional statement 
that " Lord [Sir Francis] Willoughby was knighted by Queen Elizabeth," 
which comes to us from unsophisticated descendants of Deputy-Governor 
Willoughby in America, who could not possibly have taken it from any 
published authority, it is certain that their knowledge of the fact came 
with an inheritance of Willoughby blood. 

Our family-traditions connected with the tablecloth thus receive every 
confirmation possible, and the relationship to the noble Willoughby family 
of England, involved in the traditions, is thus confirmed. 

Here we will first state that, while we have found in traditions, both 
within and outside of our line of VVilloughbys, in facts of English printed 
history, and in the private records of the united de Eresby and Wollaton 
Willoughby family, so many coincidences, and consequently so many 
corroborations of our statements, we have found nowhere any contradic- 
tions of them, or even anything tending to throw doubt upon them. The 
network of circumstantial evidence is most wonderful. How many frag- 


ments of public and private English history were collected in that great 
chest ! Taking them up, one by one, to put them back where they belong, 
like pieces of a dissected map, we find the places for them, set them in, 
and they fit together perfectly. We lay the completed whole before our 

The Princess Elizabeth lived long in close intimacy with her cousin 
and Maid of Honor Miss Margaret Willoughby of Wollaton, whose 
brother Sir Francis was knighted by her when she became Queen. Both 
brother and sister were also cousins of the Kent Willoughbys of their 
generation. The Princess devoted much of her time in captivity to fine 
needle-work and embroideries, one piece of which, wrought by the Princess 
and her kinswoman Miss Margaret, still remains in possession of the 
brother's descendants. A table-cover of a similar style of work "of the 
Tudor period," came out of our chest, bringing with it the story that it 
was wrought by Queen Elizabeth when in the Tower, and given by her to 
her Maid of Honor, who was a Willoughby, and a relative of the Queen, 
or, as one statement has it, the cloth was given to "Lord" Francis 
(Sir Francis) himself, with whom the " Queen " was in intimate friendship ; 
and that the " Lord [Sir Francis] Willoughby was knighted by the Queen." 
Wrought into our tablecloth is a mark which tradition calls " her crown," 
but which proves to be a closed padlock; a royal device used, as we have 
seen, by several generations of the Queen's royal ancestry, as typical of 
captivity. Besides, " Queen Elizabeth's cup" owned by Judge Nathaniel 
Lyncle, was doubtless one of his wife's Willoughby relics which came in 
her chest. 

Presents given by the Princess Elizabeth to Sir Francis or Miss Wil- 
loughby, or transferred by the latter to her brother, would have reached 
Bridget his daughter and heiress, who married Sir Percival Willoughby 
her second cousin, son of Sir Thomas first cousin to Sir Francis and his 
sister. We see how closely the two lines of Willoughbys came together, 
and how easily personal articles would pass from one family to the other, 



and perhaps some of them be given away among the remoter relatives, 
one of whom we believe to have been our Col. William Willoughby. 55 

We note also the correspondence between our family-story that 
" Lord " (Sir Francis) Willoughby was knighted by Queen Elizabeth 
as a special favor, and Lady Middleton's interesting account of the inten- 
tion of the Queen to knight him, and her Majesty's subsequent visit of a 
week at his house, where she performed that ceremony. Is not the circum- 
stantial evidence complete to prove the truth of our Willoughby traditions, 
and to show the neighborhood in which to look for our Col. William in 
the Kent branch of the Willoughbys de Eresby, that is, after the two 
intermarriages between that family and the Willoughbys of Wollaton ? 

On what other ground can we account for the close coincidences 
between the facts obtained from English archives and our family-traditions, 
than that these took shape, and were repeated, when the facts were well 
understood, and were handed down in the family to which they belonged ? 
Even the fragments that have reached us are sufficient data around which 
to concentrate much of the history of the branch of the family in England 
to which they refer. 

In conclusion, to show the value of traditional testimony in regard to 
family-history, and its sufficiency in cases involving descent, we cite the 
following passages from authorities on rules of evidence which are accepted 
by all English-speaking people. 

" As in matters of pedigree it is impossible to prove the relationships of past 
generations by living witnesses, resort must usually be had to traditionary declar- 
ations, made by those now dead who were likely to know the fact, and to declare the 
truth, or to evidence of general reputation. . . . The great difficulty of proving 
remote facts of this nature renders it necessary that the Courts should relax from the 
strictness which is required in the proof of modern facts, in the ordinary manner, by 
living witnesses. . . . 

65 In one of her letters Lady Middleton said that articles which had belonged to Ou 
were very abundant at this period. 


"Such declarations, made by persons who must have known the facts, and who 
laboured under no temptation to deceive, carry with them such a presumption of 
truth as, coupled with the great difficulty of procuring more certain evidence, sanc- 
tions their reception."" 

". . . With regard to hearsay on questions of pedigree, 'on enquiring into 
the truth of facts which happened a long time ago, the Courts have varied from the 
strict rules of evidence applicable to modern facts of the same description, on account 
of the great difficulty of proving those remote facts, in the ordinary manner, by living 
witnesses. On this principle, hearsay and reputation, (which latter is the hearsay of 
those who may be supposed to have known the fact, handed down from one to another) 
have been admitted as evidence in cases of pedigree.' " " 

". . . It is now settled that the law resorts to hearsay-evidence in cases of 
pedigree, upon the ground of the interest of the declarants in the person from whom 
the descent is made out, and their consequent interest in knowing the connexions of 
the family. The rule of admission is, therefore, restricted to the declarations of 
deceased persons, who were related by blood or marriage to the person, and therefore 
interested in the succession in question. 

"There is no valid objection to such evidence, because it is hearsay upon hearsay, 
provided all the declarations are within the family. Thus, the declarations of a 
deceased lady, as to what had been stated to her by her husband in his lifetime, were 

"Inscriptions on tombstones, and other funereal monuments, engravings on 
rings, inscriptions on family- portraits, charts of pedigree and the like, are also 
admissible, as original evidence of the same facts. Those which are proved to have 
been made by, or under the direction of, a deceased relative, are admitted as his 
declarations. But, if they have been publicly exhibited, and were well known to the 
family, the publicity of them supplies the defect of proof in not showing that they 
were declarations of deceased members of the family ; and they are admitted on the 
ground of tacit and common assent. It is presumed that the relatives of the family 
would not permit an inscription without foundation to remain ; and that a person 
would not wear a ring with an error on it. . . ." 68 

" A Practical Treatise on the Law of Evidence. ... By Thomas Starkie, Esq. . . . New 
Ed., Philadelphia, 1837, ii. 603-04. 

61 A Treatise on the Law of Evidence. By S. M. Phillips, Esq. . . . With Notes and references 
. . . by John A. Dunlap . . . New York . . . 1820, p. 174. 

68 A Treatise on the Law of Evidence. By Simon Greenleaf. . . . Fourth Ed. Boston, 1848, 
i. 128, 130-31, 



We proceed, then, to give, on the authority of Dugdale, Jacob, 
Edmondson, Collins, Hasted and Burke, a sketch of the early history 
of the Willoughby family, especially in lines of descent from Sir 
Christopher Willoughby, feeling assured that we shall be able, as we 
go on, to find a more fully defined place for Col. William Willoughby in 
the pedigree. 

Jacob's "Complete English Peerage" (ii. 399) says : " the noble family 
of Willoughby ... is descended from Sir John de Willoughby a 
Norman knight, who had the lordship of Willoughby in Lincolnshire, by 
the gift of the Conqueror." The first ancestor of the name mentioned by 
other writers is Ralph de Wilegby (or Willoughby), seated at Wilegby in 
Lincolnshire, in the time of King John, one of the Barons who won the 
Magna Charta. His descendant Robert was succeeded by his son Sir 

104 William 1 de Willoughby, who went as a crusader to the Holy Land in the 
reign of Henry III. (1270). He married Alice de Beke. 

The Lordship de Eresby was created by William the Conqueror foi 
one of his followers, Walter de Bee, a Norman, as his name implies. 
John Beke of the sixth generation had license of King Edward I. to make 
a castle of his manor-house, and was summoned to Parliament in 1295 and 
1296. His son Walter died without issue, and the title went to Walter's 
sister Alice who married Sir William de Willoughby. Sir William's son 
Robert (69) was actively engaged in the French and Scottish wars of 
Edward I., and was summoned to Parliament, under Edward II. in 13 13, 

105 as Baron Willoughby de Eresby. Robert's son and heir, John, 3 also dis- 
tinguished himself in the Scottish wars, and was one of the principal com- 

io6 manders in the battle of Crecy. John's son and heir, John, 4 took a part in 
107 the victory of Poictiers. The last John's son and heir Robert, 6 the fourth 
Baron, went with John of Gaunt to Spain, to claim the right of his duchess 
io8 to the throne of Castile. A son of this Robert, named Sir Thomas, 6 was 
109 the great grandfather of Sir Robert 9 first Baron Willoughby de Broke (or 
de Brooke). Robert's son William (103), fifth Baron, was one of the 
Peers in the Parliament of Richard II., and attended Henry IV. in his 



expedition to Scotland. He married : first, Lucy daughter of Roger Lord 
Strange of Knockyn, who was the mother of all his children ; and, 
secondly, Joan daughter of Thomas Holland Earl of Kent by Joan sur- 
named " the Fair Maid of Kent," daughter of Edmund of Woodstock 
Earl of Kent, son of King Edward I. His son Robert, 7 sixth Baron, 
who, Jacob says, "being of an active and heroick spirit, was one of the 
greatest worthies in the age," attended Henry V., when he took Harfleur, 
and became victorious in the battle of Agincourt. He was one of the 
chief commanders at the siege of Caen in Normandy, served Henry VI. 
in his wars in France, was at the taking of Ivry, was in the great battle 
of Verneuil, and was in many other battles and expeditions, and his 
" name is recorded among the greatest soldiers of that time." He left a 
daughter Joan 8 his sole heir. Her husband Richard, Lord Welles, 
received also the title of Baron Willoughby de Eresby, as seventh Baron. 
12 Their son Robert, 9 eighth Baron Willoughby, dying without children, his 

113 sister Joan, 9 wife of Richard Baron Hastings and Hoo, became nominally 
Baroness Willoughby de Eresby, but died without children, when the 

114 title reverted to the line of Sir Thomas 7 second son of William fifth 
Lord Willoughby de Eresby. This Sir Thomas, Knt, was with Henry V. 
at the battle of Agincourt. His wife was Joan daughter and heir of 
Sir Richard Fitzalan, Knt. (grandson of the third Earl of Arundel), by 

15 whom he had Sir Robert, 8 whose wife was Cicely, sister of Richard 

Baron Welles and Willoughby de Eresby, and aunt, and at length heir, 
of Sir Robert (112) eighth Lord Welles and Baron Willoughby de Eresby. 
Sir Christopher (74), son and heir of Sir Robert and Cicely, "in 14 
Edward IV., making proof of his age, had livery of his lands." He was 
made a Knight of the Bath at the coronation of Richard III. In the 
second year of Henry VII. "he brought forces to the aid of the King 
against the Earl of Lincoln" and others, "and was in the battle of Stoke, 
near Newark upon Trent, when they were defeated, and the Earl of 
Lincoln slain." Edmondson says that, on the death of Joan, sister of 
Robert eighth Baron Willoughby de Eresby, and that of her husband, 



without male issue, Sir Christopher succeeded as Baron Willoughby de 
Eresby, but was never summoned to Parliament. Collins and other 
authorities, however, inform us that Lord and Lady Hastings and Hoo 
survived, the former till 1503, and the latter till 1505 ; whereas Sir Chris- 
topher's Will was probated in July 1499. The succession to the title and 
estates of Baron Willoqghby de Eresby, therefore, passed from Sir Chris- 
topher, who would have inherited them had he lived long enough, to his 
eldest son William (71), as ninth Baron. He married for his second wife 
Lady Maria de Salinas of Spain, who had been a Maid of Honor to 
Queen Catharine of Aragon, first wife of Henry VIII. William Lord 
Willoughby died in 1525, and was succeeded in the Lordship of Wil- 
loughby de Eresby by his only child Catharine (70), who was twice mar- 
ried : first, to Charles Brandon Duke of Suffolk (his fourth wife), brother- 
in-law of Henry VIII., by whom she had two sons, who both died in 
their minority before her ; and, secondly, to Richard Bertie Esq., by whom 
she had an only son Peregrine (72), his mother's successor to the lordship 
of Willoughby de Eresby in 1580, who was summoned to Parliament as 
tenth Baron Willoughby de Eresby in 1581. He married Lady Mary 
Vere, sister and heiress of Edward Vere Earl of Oxford, and Lord High 
Chamberlain of England. This Peregrine Bertie, we have reason to 
believe, as will be seen farther on, was a second cousin, once removed, 
to our Col. William Willoughby. The eldest son and heir of Peregrine 
Lord Willoughby de Eresby was Robert (73), who succeeded to the title 
in 1 601, and on the death of his mother claimed the earldom of Oxford 
and the office of High Chamherlain, but secured the latter only. He was 
created Earl of Lindsey in 1626, was made Commander-in-Chief of the 
King's forces in the Civil War which soon followed, and died at Edgehill 
in 1642. He was succeeded in his titles and estates by his son Montague 
(77), who died in 1666 ; and the succession continued in this line for several 

116 The second son of Sir Christopher (74) was Sir Christopher, 10 who 

was the father of William (99) first Baron Willoughby of Parham. 


Thomas, 10 a younger son, became Chief Justice of the Court of Common 
Pleas, and was knighted by Henry VIII. He married Bridget daughter 
of Sir Robert Read, Knt., Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, who was 
so esteemed by Henry VII. that the King made him one of his executors. 59 
Sir Robert Read's wife was Margaret daughter of John Alphew (or 
Alphegh) of Bore Place in Chiddingstone, Kent,' 10 who inherited this 
property and many other estates in Kent from her father, and through 
whom they were inherited by her daughter Bridget. Sir Thomas Wil- 
loughby consequently settled at Bore Place, which came to him by his 
marriage. He died in 1545 in the reign of Henry VIII. We shall refer 
hereafter to Christopher 11 second son of the Chief Justice, believing him 
to have been the grandfather of our Col. William Willoughby. Robert 
eldest son of the Chief Justice, born about 151 1, of Bore Place, co. Kent, 
married Dorothy eldest daughter of Sir Edward Willoughby of Wollaton, 
co. Nottingham, Knt., half-brother to Sir Hugh the Arctic navigator who 
perished in 1553, and had Thomas (75), Sheriff of Kent in 1590, of Bore 
Place, who married Catharine daughter of Sir Percival Hart of co. 
Kent, and had seven sons. Sir Percival (76) his son, heir of Bore Place, 
co. Warwick, married Bridget eldest daughter and coheir of Sir Francis 
Willoughby of Wollaton, co. Notts, and of Middleton, co. Warwick, to 
whom her father gave the said estates. 

Dorothy the wife of Robert Willoughby of Bore Place, and daughter of 
Sir Edward Willoughby of Wollaton, was a sister of Sir Henry Willoughby 
of Wollaton who married Anne Grey. This Lady Anne was a second 
cousin of Queen Elizabeth, being a daughter of Sir Thomas Grey by 
Margaret Wotton ; a granddaughter of Sir Thomas first Marquis of Dorset 
by Cicely daughter of Lord Bonvile and Harrington ; and a great grand- 

M Sir Robert Read, descended from an ancient family in Northumberland, was made Chief Justice in 
1507. His arms were Gules, on a fess wavy, three pheasant cocks Sable. He died in the tenth year of the 
reign of Henry VIII. 

60 John Alphew's wife was Isabel daughter of Richard Petit Esq. His arms were Argent, a fess 
between three boars' heads couped Sable. 


daughter of Sir John Grey the first husband of Elizabeth Woodville 
whose second husband was Edward IV. Of the marriage of Anne Grey 
to Sir Henry Willoughby of Wollaton came Sir Francis of Wollaton and 
Margaret a Maid of Honor to Princess Elizabeth 1555-58, afterwards 
Lady Arundell of Wardour, by her marriage to Sir Matthew Arundell in 
1558. Sir Francis Willoughby of Wollaton, Lady Margaret's brother, 
married for his first wife Elizabeth daughter of Sir John Lyttelton, Knt., 
and by that marriage was the father of Bridget whom we have already 
mentioned as the wife of Sir Percival Willoughby of Bore Place and of 
119 Wollaton and Middleton. He had also Winifred, who married Edward 13 
Willoughby younger brother of her sister's husband Sir Percival, and two 
other daughters. Edward was seated at Coffert in Nottinghamshire. 

Here it will be proper to give, also, a sketch of the early family-history 
of the Willoughbys of Wollaton, there having been several intermar- 
riages between, and probably corresponding intimacy of connection with 
Col. William Willoughby's family and the Wollaton Willoughbys. We 
draw the facts here stated from Thoroton's " History of Nottingham- 
shire," and from letters of Lady Middleton. 

In Olaveston (by corruption Wollaton) there was a manor before the 
Conquest, which after that event was held from William de Peverell by a 
family of the name of Warner. The de Morteins were the next tenants, 
who continued to hold it, together with other manors, down to the time of 
Edward II. In that reign lands were granted and assigned in Wollaton, 
and the advowsons of the churches of Wollaton and Cossale, to Richard de 
Willoughby and his heirs, and in the nth year of Edward II. (a. d. 1318) 
the whole manor of Wollaton, "except the Capital Mess.," was granted 
by William de Mortein to Sir Richard de Willoughby, son of the first 
named Richard. Sir Richard de Willoughby added largely to his original 
estate by purchase, and died in the 18th of Edward II. (a. d. 1325), 
leaving a son and heir, a second Sir Richard de Willoughby, who "was the 


very great advancer of his family, being a Judge from the 3d Edward III. 
[a. d. 1330] to the 31st Edward III. [a. d. 1358], and sometimes Chief 
Justice, when Galfr. le Scrop the Chief Justice was gone on the King's 
business beyond the Seas." He was twice married ; first to Isabel the 
daughter of Roger de Mortein, and had for his eldest son and heir Sir 
Richard, who married the sister of Sir John de Grey, without issue. 
Another son, named Hugh, a clergyman, had by Joane de Riseley a long 
line of descendants. 

The larger part of the great estate of this Willoughby family descended, 
however, to Sir Edmund Willoughby son of the Chief Justice by a second 
wife, named Joanna, who married the daughter of Sir Richard Pole of 
Suffolk, and had a son Edmund who married Isabel daughter of Sir Hugh 
Annesley, Knt, and by her had Sir Hugh Willoughby, who, by his second 
wife Margaret sister (or daughter) and coheir of Sir Baldwin Frevile, had 
Robert Willoughby Esq. heir to his half-brother Richard who had died 
without issue. Robert Willoughby married Margaret daughter of Sir John 
Griffith of co. Stafford, and had Sir Henry Willoughby, "Knight and 
Banneret," who died in 1528, who, by his first wife Margaret daughter of 
Sir Robert Markham, had a son Sir Edward (half-brother of the navi- 
gator), who married Anne daughter and heiress of Sir William Filioll of 
Woodlant, and had the Henry de Willoughby Esq. who married Anne 
granddaughter of Thomas Grey first Marquis of Dorset. This is the 
Henry de Willoughby whom we have already spoken of in our sketch 
of the Willoughbys de Eresby as the father of Sir Francis of Wollaton, 
and of Margaret the Maid of Honor to Princess Elizabeth. Sir Francis 
was "the Builder of that Stately Pile, the house at Wollaton, the stone 
whereof was all brought from Ancaster in Lincolnshire by the people of 
those parts . . . which still remains a conspicuous monument of the 
greatness of the Family and Estate, the most considerable part whereof 
this last Sir Francis Willoughby, having no son, settled on Brigitt his 
eldest daughter, the wife of Sir Percivall Willoughby descended from 


another Judge, of the House of Eresby in Lincolnshire, but resident in 
Kent, who had Sir Francis Willoughby Esquire, who died owner of it in 
the year 1672." 

From a letter of Lady Middleton we learn that Margaret Frevile, 
mentioned above, was 

"the heiress of Middleton, and a lineal descendant of Marmion, Middleton hav- 
ing been one of the Conqueror's gifts to Marmion." " I suppose," her ladyship adds, 
"the family were proud of this descent, so took Middleton as their title. They seem 
to have been as prominent a family as their namesakes of Eresby." 

As Col. William Willoughby was a Willoughby de Eresby of Kent, 
we look for him among the descendants of Sir Thomas, Chief Justice, 
whose marriage to a Kent heiress caused him to seat himself and his family 
at Chiddingstone in that county. But the Colonel's name does not appear 
in any of the existing pedigrees, known to us (all, of course, more or less 
incomplete), of the line of Sir Thomas. It is evident, therefore, that he 
came from some younger son, by a line too remote from the heirship of the 
family-estates to be noted on the pedigrees. 

The younger sons of Sir Thomas's line, among whom we should look 
for Col. William's descent, were : first, Christopher second son of Sir 
Thomas, concerning whom only his name is given in the English pedigrees 
which we have been able to examine ; secondly, the younger sons of 
Robert eldest son of Sir Thomas, of whom we find mention only of 
Thomas his heir, Sheriff of Kent, and a Henry 12 whose name alone is men- 
tioned ; and, thirdly, the six younger sons of Sheriff Thomas, of whom 
Sir Percival was the heir. We have not been able to find the names of 
their children, except those of Edward, the second son, who married 
Winifred Willoughby of Wollaton, and of Thomas who married his cousin 
Clemence. But really the arms of Col. William, which are simply those 
of de Eresby, without quartering of Wollaton, confine us to one line of 
Sir Thomas's descendants. His son and heir Robert having married the 
eldest daughter of Sir Edward Willoughby of Wollaton, all his male 


descendants would be expected to combine Wollaton with Willoughby 
arms. We seem forced, therefore, to look for Col. William's ancestor in 
another line of the Chief Justice's children than in that of Robert his heir. 
The pedigrees we find mention only one other son — that is Christopher. 

Unable to make farther progress in this country, we placed our facts 
and conclusions, with the steps by which they had been reached, in the 
hands of Alfred Scott Gatty Esq., York Herald, of the College of Arms, 
London, whose careful search, beginning in a wide range, finally concen- 
trated itself in that branch of the family in which we had expected to find 
our Col. Willoughby. Younger sons of younger sons not being found on 
old pedigrees, Wills were his only source of information. Of these, as far 
as he could obtain them, he has sent us abstracts, and a " probable pedi- 
gree " of Col. William Willoughby, which he has deduced from them, in 
connection with other known facts. 

First, it needs to be stated that the marriage of Sir Thomas Wil- 
loughby Chief Justice (son of Sir Christopher who was prospective heir 
to the barony of Willoughby de Eresby, and brother of Sir William who 
came into possession of the title and estate) to Bridget daughter of Sir 
Robert Read, brought Sir Thomas to Kent. He received with his wife 
several estates in Chiddingstone, besides the Manor of Bore Place ; two 
manors in Speldhurst ; and an estate in Ightham ; and other property. In 
the 23d year of Henry VIII. he bought the estate called Salmans, lying 
in the parishes of Chiddingstone and Penshurst. Bore Place remained 
the family-seat of their son Thomas, 61 Sheriff of Kent, and of his son 
Sir Percival, till, after the marriage of the latter with Bridget Willoughby, 
heiress of Wollaton, he removed to her father's great house and property 
in Nottinghamshire and alienated Bore Place early in the reign of James I. 
Chief Justice Thomas and Bridget (Read) Willoughby had : first, Robert, 
heir of Bore Place, ancestor of Sir Percival, and through him of the 
present Baron Middleton ; and, secondly, Christopher. In the abstract 

He is called "Sir Thomas" in Hasted's Kent, iii. 220. 


of this Christopher's Will, dated 29 Elizabeth December 20 (1586-87), 
he is called " Christopher Willoughbie of St. George the Martyr, South- 
wark, co. Surrey, Gent." He gives legacies to his wife, " my messuages 
and lands in County Kent for life to my son Anthony, [12] " also a farm 
"called 'Hales,' with remainder to Christopher Willoughby my son and 
his heir, with remainder to my son Kellam [Kenelm] Willoughby and 
his heirs." Kenelm, 12 as we learn from Lady Middleton's pedigrees, was 
the eldest son. He inherited family-estates, and was to be the final 
heir to all the property, if the other brothers failed to leave heirs. Chris- 
topher's Will was proved January 1586. His widow Margery was his 
executrix. Lady Middleton finds, in the family-pedigrees, that she was 
" Margery sister to Thomas Tottishurst." All we have learned of this 
family is that in Sevenoak, co. Kent (where Kenelm Willoughby held 
property), there was an estate called Blackhall, formerly in the possession 
of a family called Totihurst, where William de Totihurst flourished, as 
appears by Court-Rolls, in the reigns of Edward III. and Richard II. 
Thomas de Totihurst held it in the reigns of Henry V. and Henry VI. 
His son Robert died possessed of this estate in 15 12. He was succeeded 
by his son Thomas Totihurst Esq., who was a Justice of the Peace for this 
county. On comparing the dates, there seems no reason to doubt that this 
last named gentleman was the brother of Christopher Willoughby's wife. 

We may add here that we might look for our Col. William Willoughby 
in the line of any son of Chief Justice Sir Thomas, except Robert ; but we 
find mention of no other son of Sir Thomas except Christopher. We 
might look for him in the line of any son of Christopher ; but his son and 
heir Kenelm appears to have had no son. It seems probable that Chris- 
topher's second son Anthony had no son, as Christopher's heir Kenelm, in 
his Will, mentions no child of his brother Anthony, except a daughter. 

Kenelm Willoughby, son and heir of Christopher, grandson of Sir 
Thomas, was seated at Lymsters in Rickmersworth, co. Herts, where he 
lived and was buried. His Will is dated 31 October 16 18, and was proved 
in 1620. Lady Middleton writes that he married Catherine Goldwell. 


The wife mentioned in his Will is called Sarah. By this document we 
learn that he owned the manor of Bowsell in Sennocke (Sevenoak) and 
Cheeveninge, co. Kent, also " Sallmons " in Peasehurst (Penshurst) and 
Chiddingstone, co. Kent, and other farms. After his wife's death the 
manor of Bowsell was to go to his grandson Thomas, 14 son of his late son- 
in-law Thomas 13 Willoughby, Gent, and his late daughter Clemence, 13 with 
remainder, successively, to Kenelm, 13 to John, 13 to Christopher, 13 to 
Henry, 13 sons of his brother Christopher 12 Willoughby. 

This grandson Thomas lived to transmit the property in his own line.® 
Kenelm gives legacies to two daughters of his daughter Clemence, to a 
daughter of his brother Anthony ; and to the above named four sons of 
his brother Christopher ^50 each at twenty-one. To Margaret, 13 Elizabeth 13 
and Bridget, 13 daughters of the said Christopher, he gives £40 at full age or 
marriage ; and remembers "the residue of the children of my said brother 
that shall be alive at my death." He refers to " my farm Salmons in 
parishes of Peasehurste and Chiddingstone, co. Kent, in occupation of my 
said brother Christopher." Farther on in the Will we find the following : 



" To my said brother Christopher, for that he hath been already a very charge- 
able brother unto me, I having by his means and occasion sustained great loss and 
damage, ^10, and to his wife ^10. My said wife and George Duncombe shall make 
a lease to my brother Christopher of my said farm Sallmons." 

We know little more about this Christopher, son of Christopher and 
brother of Kenelm. Mr. Gatty did not find his Will ; but his son John, in 
his Will of 1633, mentions ^200 inherited under his father's Will. We 
find records of administration on the estates of three of his other children, 
showing that they left property. Christopher was living as late as 1620, 
but died before 1633. He rented Salmons, one of the estates of his 
grandfather Chief Justice Sir Thomas Willoughby, from his elder brother 
Kenelm. His Will was proved in the following August, and his estate 

62 For some of the foregoing statements we refer to Hasted's Kent, 3d vol. of the edi 
and to Ireland's History of the County of Kent, 3d vol. of the edition of 1829. 

of 1797 I 


was administered upon in 1629. Concerning his children, we find that 
Kenelm, his uncle's namesake, died before 1649; John, who is called "of 
Eatonbridge, co. Kent," left a Will dated July 1633, which was proved in 
the following August. His wife was Anne. 63 To his mother Martha 
134 administration was granted during the minority of his children William 14 

[35 and Anne ; 14 Henry, of whom we know no more than his name mentioned 
in his uncle's Will, probably died young ; the estates of Margaret and 
136 Bennett 13 were administered upon in 1629 ; we know nothing of Elizabeth 
and Bridget but their names in the Will. It may be believed that all the 
sons of Christopher mentioned by name in the Will of their uncle Kenelm 
had died before 1649. Martha, widow of Christopher, was of Penshurst 
at the time of her death, in 1646. It seems probable that she still remained 
at Salmons, and that Kenelm succeeded his father there. In any case he 
was granted administration on his mother's estate October 22, 1646; and 
April 20th, 1649, probably after his death, administration on her estate was 
granted to her son William. This name William is remarkable, because, 
though it was borne by some of the early Lords, it has not been elsewhere 
found in this line of Willoughby de Eresby since the time of William 
Baron Willoughby de Eresby, brother of Chief Justice Sir Thomas. 
William son of Christopher bore, therefore, the name of the eldest brother 
of his father's grandfather. William's brother John of Edenbridge gave 
the name of William to his son, who was a minor in 1633. There is there- 
fore but one William Willoughby known to us by the records to have lived 
in the time of our Col. William, with whom we can identify him. William, 
son of Christopher, is the only person of that name and generation who 
can be found by Mr. Gatty or ourselves. Unfortunately, we have not 
been able to ascertain the date of his birth, though inquiries have been 
made of the rectors of Chiddingstone and Penshurst. Our William could 
not have been one of those sons of Christopher who were under age in 

63 The administration of the goods of Anne Willoughby, in 1635, was sworn before Rev. Henry 
Hammond, D.D., Rector of Penshurst, who died himself in 1668. Mr. Gatty notes this fact, and the 
connection of Col. William Willoughby with Lawrence Hammond, through his wife. 



1618, because at that time he was thirty years of age. If of that family, 
he must have been the eldest son. That he was an eldest son is shown by 
the absence of any mark of cadency on his shield. Let us trace the 
genealogical history and position of this William of the record, son of 
Christopher. He was of Kent. He was of the old de Eresby family, not 
descended from the Wollaton marriages. His father was second cousin of 
Peregrine Bertie, Baron Willoughby de Eresby ; their grandfathers were 
brothers. Both descended from a common great great grandfather, 
Sir Christopher, who was heir to the Barony of Willoughby de Eresby. 
This William was therefore second cousin, once removed, to Peregrine 
Bertie, Lord Willoughby ; and had the same right as his Lordship to the 
old Willoughby de Eresby arms. These arms, Or fretty Azure, were borne 
by Thomas Willoughby, Sheriff of Kent, who was own cousin of Christo- 
pher, and belonged also to Christopher and his sons, in the exact form used 
by Col. William Willoughby and his son. (Hasted's Kent, iii. 220.) 

While all the other sons of Christopher had died before April 20, 
1649, at this time his son William administered upon the estate of Martha 
his mother, Christopher's widow, two years before the death of our 
Col. William In view of the parallelisms which we see to exist, the force 
of which is not weakened by any contrary evidence, must we not believe, 
with Mr. Gatty, that the William of the records was not a distinct person 
from our Col. William, but identical with him ? But it will be asked, if 
Col. William was the eldest son, why was he not named in the Will of his 
uncle Kenelm as well as the younger brothers and sisters ? We reply that 
the nephews and nieces, to whom Kenelm left legacies, were all minors 
when his Will was dated, at which time Col. William was thirty years of 
age. They were children at home, and unable to provide for themselves. 
Col. William was out in the world, probably well started in his active, 
energetic and successful career, and did not need any such provisions as 
their uncle made for the younger children. 

Mr. Gatty wrote, as his own opinion, when he sent the abstracts and 
pedigree-sketch : 


" I think it very likely that Col. William was the eldest son of Christopher— he 
was evidently a man of independent spirit and hot temper — his career proves his 
independency, and his cutting off his son William, in his Will, his hot temper. It is 
quite probable, therefore, that at an early age he cut cable with his family." 

The condition of his father's affairs, and the relations existing between 
him and his rich brother Kenelm, are left on record, by the latter, in the 
complaint in his Will against his " very chargeable brother," with whom 
his dissatisfaction was so great that he left him only a nominal legacy, 
because he had "already, by his means, sustained great loss and damage." 
That Christopher had a wife and nine, and perhaps more, children (of 
whom eight, at least, were under age when Kenelm made his Will) to be 
supported, on a farm rented of Kenelm, is a ready explanation, and perhaps 
sufficient excuse, for his " chargeableness " to the brother with many 
estates, part of which, if not all, were inherited by Kenelm, as eldest son, 
from ancestors common to both brothers. Could Christopher's eldest son, 
a proud, high-spirited youth, coming to manhood, have failed to resent, for 
his father, what must have seemed to him the ungenerous and exacting 
spirit of his uncle Kenelm ? With his impetuous nature, could Col. 
William have failed to show his resentment, and to have incurred his 
uncle's displeasure ? Can we wonder that he was not named in his uncle 
Kenelm's Will ? The Willoughbys de Eresby had been, from the earliest 
times, a brave, powerful and masterful race, active in the service of their 
country. We see why Col. William "cut cable," and set out on his own 
adventurous career, in which, as faithfully and resolutely as his ancestors, 
he served his country in peace and war. 

We turn to a letter of Lady Middleton for facts which define still 
more closely Col. Willoughby's connection with the united families of 
Willoughby de Eresby and Wollaton. Lady Middleton quotes "from the 
manuscript book of Cassandra Willoughby, Duchess of Chandos," wife of 
137 Sir Francis, 14 son and heir of Sir Percival, as follows: 

"Thomas [124] Willoughby, a brother of Sir Percival, married Clemence [125] 
daughter and heir of Kenelm Willoughby. They bad a son Thomas [123]." 


These are the "late son-in-law Thomas Willoughby, Gent," and 
"late daughter Clemence," referred to in the Will of Kenelm Willoughby, 
and whose son Thomas was the heir. Thomas, the son-in-law, son of 
Sheriff Thomas, was born at Bore Place in Chiddingstone, and, with his 
wife, probably lived on one of the Kent estates in that neighborhood, 
owned by his wife's father, or by his own. Clemence was sister-in-law of 
Bridget of Wollaton, Sir Percival's wife. William, nephew of Kenelm, 
was own cousin of Clemence, not far from her age, and second cousin of 
Thomas and Sir Percival, and, living in Chiddingstone, would by these 
connections alone have been likely to be brought into close relations with 
the families of Thomas and Clemence, and Sir Percival and Bridget. Lady 
Middleton writes that Sir Percival Willoughby married Bridget, daughter 
of Sir Francis Willoughby of Wollaton, in 1580, when both were very 
young. She adds, from an examination of Lady Cassandra's manuscript : 

"Mistress Brigit stayed at Bore Place in 1581, after her marriage, while Sir 
Percival travelled abroad, — perhaps for his health's sake, — for some years. . . . 
I gather that Sir Francis [137] was born in 1588." 

It will be seen that Sir Francis and our Col. William Willoughby 
were very nearly of the same age. 

We find that " Sir Percival Willoughby, in the beginning of the 
reign of King James I. [1603], alienated Bore Place and Milbroke. 
Sir Percival was knighted by James I. in Middleton Hall, co. Warwick, 
a property that, with Wollaton, he got through his wife in 1603." His 
removal with his family, to the estates of his wife in Nottingham and 
Warwick, seems to have taken place in 1603, at which time his son Francis 
and our Col. William were fifteen years of age. M 

We lay these facts, and the inferences from them, before our readers. 
" Mistress Brigit," the young wife, was not left with strangers during the 
long absence of her husband. He was her second cousin. She was 

64 Sir Percival died about the beginning of the Civil Wars. 


related by blood to all the descendants of her husband's grandfather 
Robert Willoughby of Bore Place, but not to the descendants of Robert's 
brother Christopher. But her husband was second cousin of Clemence 
Willoughby, who married his brother Thomas ; and own cousin, once 
removed, of Christopher Willoughby uncle of Clemence. Martha, Chris- 
topher's wife, must have been of about the age of Bridget. 

All the facts we can learn, and their attendant probabilities, draw closer 
and closer the lines of evidence proving that our Col. William was the eldest 
son of Christopher and Martha. He was born about 1588, in which year 
Sir Francis, heir of Sir Percival and Bridget, was born. Bridget at Bore 
Place, and Martha at Salmons, lived on Willoughby estates not more than 
two or three miles apart. What more natural than that the two young 
mothers, with boys of nearly the same age, should have been drawn together 
by more than the usual ties of family-connection ? and that, in this intimacy, 
Bridget should have given to Martha some of her Queen Elizabeth relics, 
received from Sir Francis her father, or from her aunt Miss Margaret 
Willoughby ? What more natural than that, after the two boys Francis 
and William had been playmates and friends in boyhood, William should 
have given the name of Francis to the eldest son of his manhood? 
What more natural than that William, going back years after to administer 
on his mother's estate, should have brought away those royal relics, with 
the history which he had often heard from Bridget herself, and should have 
transmitted them, carefully, to Francis his eldest son and his descendants ? 

The greater part of this monograph was printed before we drew 
together the last threads of our history to form our conclusion. In quot- 
ing from the Raymond old ladies we did not think it important to repeat 
their statement that the linen cloth embroidered by Princess Elizabeth 
had always been used in the generations of their family as a christening 
blanket. This fact, however, may have a significance which we did not 
think of at first. If it had been given by Bridget Willoughby to her 


friend Martha to wrap around the young William when he received his 
baptismal name — perhaps with the feeling that it would convey some 
special virtue like "the King's touch" — we can easily understand why 
it should have been devoted from generation to generation to the same 
purpose, and why, between its historic and family associations, it should 
have become such a precious and almost worshipped relic in the family. 

We believe that we have verified all our Willoughby family traditions 
except that of the descent from Joan the Fair Maid of Kent, daughter of 
Edmund (Plantagenet) of Woodstock Earl of Kent, son of Edward I., who 
married Sir Thomas Holland, by whom she had children, and afterwards 
Edward Prince of Wales, the Black Prince, by whom she was the mother of 
King Richard II. We should have been glad to verify this tradition also 
before closing our Willoughby monograph, which, in course of preparation 
is the last one in our book. But we have neither time nor opportunity to 
do this now. In the slight examination, however, that we have been able to 
make, we find several other Plantagenet descents, some from lines very 
near to that of the Fair Maid, to which we refer our readers who are inter- 
ested in the subject. These make it more probable that Joan Plantagenet 
was also among our ancestors, though we have not found the line. This 
lady was so famous in early English history, and especially in Kent, that a 
descent from her would have been carefully handed down in a family, and 
the knowledge of it carefully treasured and preserved. 

In J. and J. B. Burke's "Royal Families of England, Scotland and 
Wales," vol. i, Ped. lxxxi., is given the descent of Chief Justice Sir 
Thomas Willoughby of Kent (through Cicely daughter of Lionel (or Leo) 
Lord Welles, who married Sir Robert Willoughby), from Hamlyn Plantag- 
enet Earl of Warren and Surrey (brother of Henry II. the first Plantagenet 
King of England); from Henry II. himself through Edmund Plantagenet 


Earl of Lancaster (brother of Edward I.); and from the Princess Joan 
(Plantagenet) of Acre daughter of Edward I. and half-sister of Edmund 
Earl of Kent, father of "Joan the Fair Maid of Kent." 

It will be seen that several lines of Plantagenet descent came into the 
Willoughby family from ancestors very near of kin to the fair Joan herself. 



:- J: 

" ■■ ) 






Sfcites an tije families of £ocfte mxis Cole 

Arms : Per f esse Az. and Or, in chief three falcons volant of the second (Locke) 
Arg. a bull passant Gu., armed Or, within a bordure Sa. besant/e (Cole) 


The following notes on the Locke family are, in large part, from the 
pen of the late Col. Joseph L. Chester of London. His notes were 
printed in his lifetime in the volume of the " New England Historical and 
Genealogical Register" for 1881, with some additions by us; we now 
reproduce them substantially as they appeared in the " Register," with 
some farther particulars which we have gathered from various sources, 
chiefly from John Goodwin Locke's " Book of the Lockes" (Boston and 
Cambridge, 1853). Col. Chester's part of this paper is distinguished by 
quotation marks, without any other explanation. For our quotations from 
other authorities we add, in each case, the needful reference. 

The Lockes claim to have been a very ancient family, before the 
Conquest, originally Scotch, with the name Loch. The seat of our family, 
as we shall see, had been from early times at Merton, co. Surrey. 

" I. William Locke m (Lock, Lok or Loke, as the name was indiffer- 
ently spelt in early times) had two sons, viz : John m Locke, Citizen and 
Mercer of London, who died in 15 19, leaving no issue, and 

" II. Thomas m Locke, also Citizen and Mercer of London, who died 
in 1507. By his wife Joanna Wilcocks of Rotheram, co. York [an only 
daughter and heiress], who died in 151 2, and was buried with her husband 
in Mercers' Chapel, he had a son, viz : 

"III. Sir JVilliam [S] Locke, Knight, Alderman of London, who was 
born about i486, as he was admitted to the freedom of London, at the 


Notes on tije iFamfUrs of 2Loc1te au& Cole 

end of his apprenticeship, in 1507. He succeeded to his father's business 
and estate, and became an eminent tradesman and citizen. He received 
the royal appointment of Mercer to King Henry VIII., with whom he 
was an especial favorite, having a key to the King's Private Chamber, 
and occasionally entertaining him at dinner at his house in London. There 
are records in existence showing materials furnished by him to the royal 
household, including Queen Anna Boleyn and the Princess, afterwards 
Queen, Elizabeth, as also Will Somers, the King's Jester. After being 
several years an Alderman, he was elected Sheriff of London in 1548, and 
was knighted on the 3 d of October in that year, but died before it was his 
turn to become Lord Mayor.'' 

The " Visitation of the County of Cornwall " says, in a note on p. 50, 
that Sir William Locke was " Mercer of London, and Receiver General 
of the Duchy of Cornwall." 

In the 25 th year of Henry VIII. he "undertook to go over to 
Dunkirk, and pull down the pope's bull which had been there posted up 
by way of a curse to the king and kingdom. For this exploit the king 
granted him a freehold of ^100. per annum, dubbed him knight, and made 
him one of the gentlemen of his privy-chamber" (" Book of the Lockes"). 
The crest — "A hand ppr. holding tip a cushion Or" — given by Burke to 
Lock of London, with the shield described by Col. Chester, probably 
symbolizes this exploit as an upholding of the Protestant pulpit. 

" Sir William Locke was employed by Henry VIII., having the charge 
of his commercial affairs 'both at home and abroad.' In the Cottonian 
Library, London, are several manuscript letters from him to the King, and 
to Secretary Cromwell, dated at Antwerp in 1533-34. J 535 and *53 8 . 
relating to some works carrying on at Calais, concerning negotiations with 
France and about the woolen trade. ' He was,' says Collins, 'particularly 
employed by Queen Anne Bullen privately to gather the Epistles, Gospels 
and Psalms, from beyond sea, in which he ran great hazard, some having 
been secretly made away with for attempting the same thing.' " (" Book of 
the Lockes.") 

Notes on tf)e ffamilteu of Eocfte ami ©ole 

In Mercers' Chapel, Cheapside, London, there was "a monument to 
Sir William Locke, with his arms in the window." The church " was 
destroyed in the great fire of 1666." (" Book of the Lockes.") 

" Sir William Locke married four wives : 

" i st , Alice daughter [and heiress] of a Citizen and Fishmonger of 
London named Spencer [or Spence], who has not yet been identified. 
She died in 1522, and was buried in Mercers' Chapel." 

"The name of his first wife has been variously given by different writers ; some 
say it was Alice Spence, and others Elizabeth Spencer. Anciently the names of 
Elizabeth and Alice were convertible, one for the other. The records of the Herald's 
office, which are the best authority, say that her name was Alice Spence." ("Book 
of the Lockes.") 

" 2 dly , Catharine daughter of William Cooke of Salisbury. She died 
in childbed of her eleventh child (Sir William's twentieth) 14 October 
1537, and was buried at Merton, in Surrey." 

She was daughter of Sir Thomas Cooke, Knt., of Wiltshire. (Burke's 
Extinct Baronetcies, London, 2d ed., 1844, 262-63.) 

" 3 dly , Eleanor widow of Walter Marsh. They were married at 
St. Lawrence, Old Jewry, London, 13 May 1540, her first husband having 
been buried there the preceding 20 th of January. She died in 1546, having 
had no issue. 

"4 thly , Elizabeth widow of Robert Meredith, Citizen and Mercer of 

London, and formerly wife of Hutton. Their marriage license was 

granted 28 January 1547-48, her husband Meredith having been buried at 
St. Lawrence, Jewry, 9 January 1546-47. She survived Sir William 
Locke, having no issue by him, and was buried in Mercers' Chapel, 
London, 5 December 1 55 1. The curious feature of this marriage was 
that she was the second wife and widow of Sir William Locke's own 
son-in-law, Robert Meredith having first married a daughter of Sir William 
by his first wife, as will be seen hereafter. 

" Sir William Locke died at the age of about 64, on the 24 th , and 
was buried in Mercers' Chapel [St. Thomas of Acres] 27 August 1550. 

Notes on tije iFamilies of Eocfte ami Cole 

(In the ' Diary of Henry Machyn,' published by the Camden Society, will 
be found an account of his burial, at page i, and at page 12 an imperfect 
one of that of his last wife.) 

" By his second wife, Catharine Cooke, Sir William Locke had eleven 
5-9 children, viz : Dorothy}® Catharine, 1 ® John}® Alice, 1 ® Thomazin}® 

to, 11 Francis 1 ® and a second John}-® of none of whom is there anything of 
particular interest to record. The first two married tradesmen in London, 
and the others died without issue. 

"Elizabeth}® one of the daughters [of Sir William Locke by his 
second wife], married: first, Richard Hill, Citizen and Mercer of London, 
and secondly, after his death in 1568, the Right Rev d Nicholas Bullingham, 
Bishop of Worcester. By her first husband she had thirteen children, one 

13 of whom, Mary, m married Sir Thomas Moundeford, and was mother of 

14 Bridgct, m who married Sir John Bramston, Lord Chief Justice of the 
King's Bench. 

"Rose}® another of the daughters, married, first, Anthony Hickman 
of London, Esq., and, secondly, Simon Throckmorton, of Brampton, 
co. Huntingdon, Esq. By her first husband she was ancestress of the 
16 Earls of Plymouth, their grandson Dixie m Hickman having married 

Elizabeth eldest daughter of Henry fifth Lord Windsor, and had a son 
Thomas} 1 ^ who succeeded his uncle (by limitation of the patent) as 
seventh Lord Windsor, and was created Earl of Plymouth 6 December 
1682. The title became extinct only on the death of the eighth Earl, 
8 December 1843." 

This daughter of Sir William Locke, in certain " Memoires " origin- 
ally inserted in a family-Bible, and long carefully preserved in the female 
line of her descendants, " says that, in the tyme of her first husband, 
Anthony Hickman, after the death of Edward the Sixth, Queen Mary 
changinge the relligion, her husband and her elder brother Thomas Lock, 
beinge merchants and partners, they liued to geather and sheltred manie of 
the godlie preachers in theire house ; but the Queen inioyninge all to 
come to mass, and persecutinge the refusers, they were forced to let them 
goe, giuing them monie ; she mentions Hooper, Fox, Knox, and one 
Reinger, for which her husband and brother, beinge questioned before the 

"Nottu on tije iFamflfts of Hocfce autr Cole 

commissioners (she calls them high commissioners), were committed close 
prisoners to the Fleete, and then shee tells how they gott out . . . 
after which she says her husband went to Antwerpe, tooke a house there 
at 40 pounds rent, sent for her, but she being with child could not goe, but 
went into Oxfordshire to a gentleman's house . . . wher she was 
deliuered ; . . . but says she went to Cranmer, Latimer and Ridlie, 
prisoners then in Oxford, to know whether she might christen her child in 
the Popish manner. They answered her that baptisme was the least cor- 
rupted in that church, and therefore she might . . . but she says she 
put sugar instead of salt into the handkercher which was to be deliuered 
vnto the priest, after which she went to Antwerpe to her husband, left 2 
houses of her husband's, well furnished, one in London, another at 
Rumford, taking noething but one feather bed. . . . etc." (" Book 
of the Lockes.") 

18 " Of the sons [of Sir William Locke by his second wife], Michael^ 
Locke became a Merchant of eminence in London, and was twice married : 
first, to Joane daughter of William Wilkinson, Sheriff of London ; and, 
secondly, to Margery widow of Dr. Caesar Adelmare, by whom she was 
the mother of the celebrated Sir Julius Caesar. Michael Locke had by his 

19 first wife five sons and three daughters, the eldest of whom, Zachary^ 
Locke Esq., died in 1603, being then Member of Parliament for the 
Borough of Southwark. 

"The interesting fact in the history of Michael Locke is that he was 
the original patron of the celebrated Sir Martin Frobisher in his earliest 
expeditions. He was living as late as 161 1." 

In the Cottonian Library is a MS. written by this Michael Locke, in 
which he says that at the age of thirteen " he was sent over the seas to 
Flanders and France, to learn their languages, and to know the world, 
since which time he has continued these 32 years to travel in body and 
mind, following his vocation in the trade of merchandize, passing through 
many countries, had the charge of and captain of a great ship of more than 


Notts on tfje iFamiUes of &ottte ana eole 

1,000 tons, three years in divers voyages ; and that he has more than 200 
sheets of manuscripts of his travels." 

Hakluyt's "Divers Voyages" contain a "History of Sir Martin 
Frobishere's Voyage for the discovery of a passage towards Cathay, in 
1574, written by Michael Locke, Locke himself being a great adventurer 
therein;" and Hakluyt speaks thus of the map: " The mappe is master 
Michael Locke's, a man for his knowledge in divers languages, and 
especially in cosmographie, able to do his country good, and worthy in my 
judgment, for the manifolde good partes in him, of good reputation and 
better fortune." (" Book of the Lockes.") 

In the "Calendar of State Papers, Domestic," 1 547-1 580, p. 533, we 
find these abstracts : 

"Heads of articles for a grant of incorporation from the Queen to the Company 
of Kathai, or Cathay. Michael Lok to be the first Governor, and Martin Furbisher 
to be High Admiral of all the new discovered lands. 

" Mr. Michael Lok to the Queen. Details his proceedings and plan to fit out an 
expedition with John Baptista Agnello, for bringing of gold ore from the lands dis- 
covered by Furbisher." 

"John Locke the philosopher, born August 29, 1632, is believed to 
have been a great great grandson of this Michael." (" Book of the 

" The other son [of Sir William by his second wife], HenryW Locke, 
was also a Citizen and Merchant of London. He married Anne Vaughan, 
and had issue a daughter Anne, m who married Robert Moyle of Cornwall, 
whose descendants intermarried with the St. Aubyns and the Prideaux, 
among the best families in that county ; and two sons, viz : Michael^ 
to whom the historian Hakluyt left a legacy in his Will ; and Hairy m 
Locke (or Lok), a Poet of some note in his day, an edition of whose 
scarce productions was issued in 1871 by the Rev. Dr. Grosart. 

"We now return to the children of Sir William Locke by his first 
wife, Alice Spencer [or Spence], who were nine in number, eight sons and 
one daughter, viz : 

Notes on tJie iFamUfes of 7iorUr antr eou 

28, 29 








"William}® Peter}® Richard}® and William}® the first, second, 
fourth and fifth sons, all died in infancy or childhood, before their mother. 
Philip,® the seventh son, died in 1524, unmarried. Edmund® the sixth 
son, lived until 1545, but died unmarried. One of the old heralds added 
to the entry in one of the Visitation pedigrees : ' He died for love of 
Sir Brian Tuke's daughter.' 

"Mattheza® Locke, the eighth son and youngest child, but second 
surviving, was a Citizen and Mercer of London, and married Elizabeth 
Baker ; by whom he had an only daughter Elizabeth}® who married 
Richard Candler [or Chandler] Esq., and had an only daughter Anne}® 
who married Sir Ferdinando Heyborne, Kt., one of the Gentlemen of the 
Privy Chamber to Queen Elizabeth. Matthew Locke died in 1552. 

"Joand® (or Jane, for she is called both), the only daughter, married 
Robert Meredith, Citizen and Mercer of London, who, after her death, 
remarried Elizabeth Hutton, widow, who in turn, after his death, remarried 
Sir William Locke, father of his first wife. From this Robert Meredith 
and Jane Locke descends the present Earl of Romney, through their 
daughter Mary}® who married Richard Springham, whose daughter 
Magdalen 1 ® married Thomas Marsham, whose son was Sir John m 
Marsham, Baronet, whose grandson [Sir Robert 9 Marsham] was created 
Lord Romney in 1716, whose grandson [Charles 11 Marsham] was created 
Earl of Romney in 1S01. 

" We return now to the third son, but eldest and only surviving child, 
of Sir William Locke, by Alice Spencer, his first wife, viz : 

" IV. Thomad® Locke, who was born on the 8 th of February, 1514-15, 
and became, like his fathers, a Citizen and Mercer of London. He 
married, 19 January 1544-45, at St. Peter's, Cheapside, London, Mary 
daughter of Simon Long 1 of the Isle of Wight, who, after his death, 
remarried Dr. Owen, and subsequently Sir William Allen, Kt., Alderman 
of London. In 1552-53 he obtained from King Edward VI. a grant of 
the Rectory of Merton, co. Surrey, which remained in the family for 
about one hundred years, when it was sold." 

1 The " Visitation of London," 1568, saj-s Simon Longe of London, Gent., married Alice daughter of 

Huglett who married the daughter of Kirkby of Essex : their daughter married William 

Allen of London, Alderman. Simon Long's arms were : Sa. semee of crosses crosslets a lion ramp. Ar. a 
border engr. Or. 

Notes on tijt iFamiUts of &octte an* <£ole 

"A Merton estate seems to have been held by members of the Locke 
family at an earlier period, perhaps even as early as 1291, certainly 
in 1499." 

" Lyson, in his 'Environs of London,' says that 'Edward III. granted the 
Rectory of Merton, belonging to a former Abbey of that name, to Thomas Locke. 
. . . Manning, in his History of the County of Surrey, within which is Merton, 
says of Merton Place, 'Near the church is a large old mansion which has been 
known from time immemorial by the name of Merton Place. In the year 1499 John 
Locke and Jane his wife became possessed of it (probably by inheritance), in whose 
family it continued until the year 1646, when John, a remote descendant of John 
above,' and whose ancestors had in the meantime purchased the Impropriation of 
the Rectory in 7 of Edward VI., conveyed it to Catherine wife of Rowland Nilson. 

"In the time of Henry VIII. the Locke family possessed the estate of Merton 
Hall. . . . The second wife of Sir William Locke was buried there October 14, 
1537- • ■ • 

"Merton Place subsequently became the property of Lord Nelson, who be- 
queathed it to the lady of Sir William Hamilton." (" Book of the Lockes.") 

The descendants of Thomas Locke for several generations " had 
their residence at Merton Abbey, some members of it, however, contin- 
uing in business in London. He died at his London house, which was 
in Walbrook, and was buried in Mercers' Chapel, 30 October 1556. His 
40,41 issue were five sons and two daughters, viz: William,^ Rowland}^ 
42-46 Matt/iezu, [5] John, m Thomas^ Mary m and Anne, [d] some of whom died 
before their father, and of the others no subsequent trace has been found, 
except the third son, viz : 

"V. Matthew [42] Locke, who, as eldest (and probably only) surviv- 
ing son, succeeded to the estate at Merton. He was born about 1558. 
He married Margaret third daughter of his stepfather Sir William Allen 
(his mother's third husband) by his first wife Joan daughter of John 
Daborne of Guildford, co. Surrey. 2 He died in June 1599, as 'Matthew 

5 "At St. Leonard's, Fish Street Hill, was this inscription : ' Here under this stone lieth Joane wife of 
William Allyn citizen and alderman, who died . . . the 22 of May 1560.' Sir William Allen (for he 
was afterwards knighted) was the son of William Allen, citizen and poulterer of London ; was Sheriff 
1562-63, Lord Mayor 1571-72. 'He was at first free of the Leathersellers, afterwards a Mercer. And 
dwelled, when he was Sheriff, in Bow-lane ; when he was Maior, in Tower-strete. But buried at 
St. Botulphes without Bishopsgate, in which parish he was borne.' Arms, Per /ess Sable and Argent, a 

Notes on tDe iFamilfrs of Hotfte atitr Cole 

Locke Esquire of Merton,' and was buried with his fathers in Mercers' 
Chapel, London. His widow remarried Sir Thomas Muschampe, Kt, of 
London, and of Mitcham, co. Surrey, whom she also survived. She died 
25 August 1624, and was buried with her first husband in Mercers' Chapel. 

" Their issue were as follows : 

" 1. Thomas® Locke, who succeeded to the estate at Merton, which 
he sold in 1646. He died about February, 1656-7, leaving a widow Jane 
and several children. 
; "2. Robert® Locke, who continued the business in London, where 

he died. He was buried at St. Alphage, 9 September 1625, and appended 
to the entry of his burial in the Parish Register are the descriptive words 
'a good parishioner.' By his wife Elizabeth, who was living his widow as 
49 late as 1647, he had four sons and three daughters, viz: Matthew,™ 

50-55 William™ Robert,™ Thomas,™ Alary,™ Elizabeth™ and Margaret,™ 
of whom Thomas and Margaret died before their father, and William died 
before 1647. At this last date Matthew and Robert were still living, the 
former being then a Citizen and Scrivener of London, as also Mary, 
married to Hugh Justice, and Elizabeth, married to Edward Mason. 

"3. Francis® Locke, who was living in 1599, but of whom I find no 
later trace. 

"4. William® Locke, of whom hereafter. 

" 5. Mary, m who was still living in 1623, wife of Edward Thrille. 

"6. Elizabeth}® who was living in 1599, but died, unmarried, before 


"7. Anne}® who died, unmarried, between 13 April and 23 May 
1623, and directed in her Will to be buried in Mercers' Chapel. 

"The fourth son of Matthew Locke and Margaret Allen, viz: 

"VI. William [57] Locke, was sometime of Merton, and afterwards 

of Wimbledon, co. Surrey, his condition, as near as I can make out, being 

that of a country gentleman in comfortable circumstances. He married 

Susanna one of the daughters and coheirs of Roger Cole of St. Saviour's, 

pale engrailed counterchanged, and three talbots passant of the second, i 
Henry Machyn, 1550-63," p. 379.) 

The arms of the Daborne family of Guildford, co. Surrey, 
crosses patonce (another_/?w_j/ Or). 

ilia red Gules.' 

pere, Az. a chevrc 

to " Diary of 

Notes on tije iFamtlits of SLoctte an* ©ole 

Southwick, co. Surrey, Gentleman, one of the Proctors of the Court of 
Arches. In 1623, the date of the Heralds' Visitation, they had only a 
61 daughter Mary m living, from which it is evident that the marriage had 

taken place not very long before. This daughter Mary probably died 
young, as she was not named in her father's Will, which was made 10 June 
1 66 1, and of which the following is a full abstract : 

" ' I, William Lock of Wimbledon, co. Surrey, Gentleman — As to the houses in 
St. Saviour's, Southwark, given and bequeathed by my father in law Mr. Roger Cole 
to Susanna my wife and her children, whereas there is an agreement between my 
children that said houses shall remain to such of them as I and their mother shall 
appoint, on condition of my settling on the rest of them portions of a greater value 
than the divisions of said houses would amount to, which portions I have made good 
to my three eldest daughters, Hannah, Susannah and Margaret, whom I have 
bestowed in marriage, and whereas I shall lease an estate in land for Thomas my 
son, and provide otherwise for Elizabeth my daughter, I now appoint that five brick 
tenements, and another known formerly as the Gaden House, all on the ground 
given by Mr. Roger Cole as aforesaid, shall remain to my daughter Sarah Lock and 
her heirs forever ; and the two other houses in said parish, next the Thames, in 
tenure of Mr. Robert Bowes, I give to my daughter Jane Lock and her heirs forever. 
— To my wife Susanna 4 brick tenements, called Beane Acre, in Lambeth, co. Surrey, 
she giving ,£200. thereout to my daughter Elizabeth. — To the poor of Wimbledon, 
-£$. — All residue to my wife, whom I appoint my executrix.' 



"The Will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 
7 June 1664, by Susanna Lock, relict and executrix. She was still living 
25 October 1670, when she proved the Will of her daughter Jane, after 
which I have failed to find any further trace of her. All that I have been 
able to ascertain concerning their children is as follows : 

" 1. Thomas m Locke, only son, who was still living 19 March 
1669-70, with two children, Hcmy m and Snsanna. m 

" 2. Mary [61], who, as we have seen, evidently died young. 

" 3. Hannah, m who married, before her father's Will, Thomas Bragne. 
Both were living 1669-70. 

"4. Susanna™ who married, at Wimbledon, Surrey, 8 October 1657, 
the Rev' 1 James Stephenson, then the Puritan Vicar of Martock in 
Somersetshire, who was ejected in 1662 (see an account of him in Palmer's 
' Nonconformists' Memorial,' ii. 371), to whom she was second wife. She 

Notes on tfie jFamUfts of aocfee «wtr (Sole 

67 was buried at Martock 25 April 1662, leaving two daughters, Susanna™ 

and Mary,™ who were both living in 1669-70. 
69 "5. Margaret,™ of whom hereafter. 

7° "6. Elizabeth,™ who was still unmarried at the 'date of her sister 

Margaret's Will, 21 August 1680. 

"7. Sarah,™ who was living, unmarried, in 1661, but evidently died 

before 19 March 1669-70, as she was not named in the Will of her 

sister Jane. 

"8. Jane,™ who died unmarried. She made her Will 19 March 

1669-70, as of Wimbledon, Surrey, 'one of the daughters of William 

Locke, Gentleman, deceased.' The following is a full abstract of it : 

" ' To my dear and honourable mother Mrs. Susanna Locke, £20. — To my brother 
Mr. Thomas Locke ^10.— To my sister Mrs. Hannah Bragne £10.— To my sister 
Mrs. Margaret Willoughby £10.— To my sister Mrs. Elizabeth Locke £20.— 1o 
73' 74 Francis^ and Susanna,^ the two children of my sister Willoughby, each 50 shillings.— To 
Susanna and Henry Locke, the children of my brother, and to Susanna and Mary, 
the children of my sister Stephenson, each 20 shillings. — To the poor £5., at 
the discretion of my brother Mr. Thomas Bragne.— To the poor of Wimbledon 40 
shillings.— All residue to my mother Mrs. Susanna Locke, and I make her my 

"The Will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 
25 October 1670, by the executrix. 

" I have searched every possible source for the Wills of the mother 
Susanna, and Thomas the son, in vain, and, as they were not named by 
Margaret Willoughby in her Will, the presumption is that they died 
before her. 

" We now return to the fourth daughter and fifth child of William 
Locke and Susanna Cole, viz : 

"VII. Margaret [69] Locke. She was first married, at Clapham, 
co. Surrey, 8 August 1654, to Daniel Taylor, a wealthy Citizen and 
Haberdasher of London, descended from an ancient family in Huntington- 
shire, ancestor of Peter Alfred Taylor Esq., for many years and still M. P. 
for Leicester. She was Mr. Taylor's second wife, he having buried his 
first on the preceding 3 d of February. He settled upon her a considerable 
jointure, and died within a year after the marriage, being buried in London 
on the 20 th of April 1655. She had no issue by him. She remarried, 

Notes on tfie iFamUirs of aorite au*r @ole 

probably in London (exactly when or where it is impossible to ascertain, 
owing to the deficiencies and irregularities in parish registers at this precise 
period), certainly as early as 1659, Francis Willoughby Esq., who had 
been some years in New England, but had returned to England, and was 
one of the two Members for the Borough of Portsmouth in the last 
Parliament of the Commonwealth, which assembled on the 27 th of January, 
1658-9, and was dissolved on the 2 2 d of April following. In the Parish 
Register of St. Olave, Hart Street, London, is an entry that their son 
Francis was born 29 February 1659-60. They shortly after emigrated to 
New England, and the rest of their history must there be sought [see 


The Locke family still exists in England. Its representative given 
by Sir Bernard Burke in his " Landed Gentry " (ed. 1879) * s Wadham 
Locke Esq. of Clere House, co. Wilts, J. P., Sheriff 1847, born in 1803. 
He had, in 1879, several sons and daughters. ("Book of the Lbckes.") 

Notts on tljr tfamiiitti of HorUr autr <£ole 


We have seen that the mother of Mrs. Margaret (Locke) Taylor 
Willoughby was Susanna Cole who married William Locke Esq. 

For the following notes on the Cole family we are indebted, first, to 
Col. Chester, who sent us a brief genealogy of the Coles, which we dis- 
tinguish by quotation marks without any other explanation. We after- 
75 wards had an interesting correspondence with J. Edwin 20 Cole Esq., the 

historian of the family. He wrote, as follows : 

" Swineshead Hall, 

" Via Spalding, 

" Lincolnshire, 

" 26 Dec. 1884. 
" Dear Madame, 

" ... It is indeed curious that a descendant of our common ancestor 
William Cole of Devon should put herself in communication with me. . . . If it 
would not be giving you too much trouble, I should much like to have the interme- 
diate descents from Margaret Locke down to yourself." 

"7 th April, 1885. 
" Our kinsman Col. Arthur Lowry Cole, C. B., who distinguished himself during 
the Crimean War, and was the son of a more distinguished father, General Sir Lowry 
Cole, the Peninsula hero, died very suddenly on the 30 March last." 

After Mr. Cole had received a copy of our line of Cole genealogy, he 
wrote, 11 th February, 1885 : 

"I thank you for your great kindness in sending what I am sure will prove to 
me to be most interesting, and a valuable contribution to my own family genealogical 

"... I am afraid that I cannot help you much in the way of sending you 

a good model bull for the Cole arms. Such as I have, however, I gladly inclose. 

. Some two centuries ago there was certainly greater vigour and freedom in 

drawing by those who then devoted themselves to the art. The bull in the smaller 


"Notts on ti)e iFamilirs of 2Locfte anti (Sole 

shield is, I consider, the best, though that in the shield of the Earl of Enniskillen is 
not amiss, as times go. . . . With all good wishes, 

" I remain 

" yr. faithful kinsman 
"J. Edwin Cole." 

Mr. Cole sent to Mrs. Salisbury the little book compiled by himself, 
with notes added by his own hand ; also some notes on our allied families, 
with their coats of arms. 

We have taken materials from all these sources, and have gathered 
some facts by our own researches. We give the combined result. 

Mr. Cole's book is entitled 

" The Genealogy of the Family of Cole, of the County of Devon, and 
of those of its Branches which settled in Suffolk, Hampshire, Surrey, 
Lincolnshire, and Ireland. By James Edwin-Cole of the Inner Temple, 
Barrister-at-Law. London, 1867." 

"This compilation is founded on a curious and valuable record, entitled, 'The 
Pedigree of the worthye Captaine and Justiciar, Sir William Cole, of Eneskillen, 
Knight ; made and set forthe, with much care and fidelitye ; warranted by Records, 
Evidences, and other good proofes, examined, approved, and well allowed of by me 
Sir William Segar, Knt., alias Garter. And in assured testimony to all persons whoe 
shall see the same, that it doth agree in all the descents, coats, and Ensignes, with the 
Registers Bookes and Records of my Office, and the Office of Arms and Honor, 
kept at London ; I, the said Sir William Segar, alias Garter, Principall King of 
Armes, have hereunto subscribed my name and affixed the Seale of myne Office, this 
30 th day of Julye, An Domini 1630.' 

"William Willoughby, the 1" Visct. Enniskillen, reduced it into a narrative form 
forthe Rev. Mervyn Archball's edition of John Lodge's ' Irish Peerage ' (8°, London, 

Cola appears in Domesday Survey as the holder of much land in 
Hants, Devon, Wilts, etc., in the reign of King Edward the Confessor. 
The family was of high antiquity and rank in Saxon times. In a deed 

Notes on Hje tfumilits of ILocttt autr &oU 


from William the Conqueror in 1070 Cole is one of the Barons in Hamp- 
shire and Wiltshire. The family remained seated in these counties and in 

"The maternal descent of Margaret Locke-Taylor-Willoughby was 

as follows : 

" I. William^ Cole, of Hittisleigh, co. Devon, living 1243, whose heir, 
"II. Roger™ Cole, had his dwelling at Coleton in Chulmleigh, in the 

same county." 

He was summoned under the general writ to London, July 1297, to 
perform military service in person, with horses and arms, etc., in parts 
beyond the seas ; and was again summoned to perform service against the 
Scots in 1 30 1, and probably perished in this expedition. Perhaps his early 
death may account for the omission of his name in the family-pedigree 
drawn up in 1 630 by Sir William Segar, Garter King-at-Arms. 

His son and heir was 

" III. Roger™ Cole," who lived in the reign of Edward II. His son 
and heir was 

"IV. Jo/iu li] Cole," of the counties of Devon and Cornwall, who in 
1324 was described as "John Cole de Tamer, Man-at-Arms." He was 
summoned to attend the Great Council at Westminster 30 May, 17 th year 
of Edward II. In the 9 th year of Edward III. he had free warren in 
Tamer, Lydeston, Hokesbere and Hutenesleigh, in co. Devon, and in 
Rispernatt ; and in 1341 was possessed of the manors of Respnel, in 
co. Cornwall, Launceston and Stokley, and of the manor of Uptamer, 
Nytheway, and Hutenesleigh, the third part of the manor of Winston, and 
divers other lands in Devon. Son and heir, 

" V. Sir John™ Cole, Knt., of Nythway, in the parish of Brixham, 
who in the 4 th year of Richard II. (1380) was knighted before the Castle 
of Ardres in France, by Thomas of Woodstock Earl of Buckingham, 
Lord Deputy there for the King. He married Anne daughter and heiress 
of Sir Nicholas Bodrigan, Kt., of Gorrans, in Cornwall." 

Notts on ttjt iFamflfes of 3Locfct an* <*role 

The manor of Bodrigan (anciently written Bodrugan), in Gorrans, 
says Carew, gave a name and seat to a very ancient family. In the time 
of King Henry III. the names of John de Bodrugan and Henry de Bodru- 
gan occur. Of the latter person notice is also made in the 2 a year of King 
Edward I. 

Another Henry de Bodrugan (probably his son) married Sibylla, sister 
and heir to Walter de Maundeville. He was a knight of the shire in the 
35 th year of Edward I.; and in the 3 d year of Edward II. (1310) he was 
summoned to Parliament as a Baron, but died about this time. He was 
seised of the manor of Tregerion, etc., in Cornwall. His son 

Sir Otto de Bodrigan was in the 17 th year of Edward II. a knight of 
the shire ; in 1324 he went by the King's license on a religious pilgrimage 
to Spain. He married Margaret daughter of Sir William Champer- 
non, Knt. 

" In antiquity and splendor of descent the family of Champernowne is surpassed 
by few, if any, in the west of England. It is of Norman origin, and takes its name 
from the parish of Chambernun in Normandy, where it long flourished. . . . The 
learned Camden styles it a 'famous and ancient family.' . . . The stream of 
descent in Devon is clear to this day, throughout a period of more than seven hundred 

" The descent of the Champernownes from King John, through Richard, King 
of the Romans, is undisputed." It had "the lineage of many illustrious houses, even 
that of the royal house of the Plantagenets." s 

Sir Otto de Bodrigan died in the 6 th year of Edward III., possessed 
of Bodrugan and a considerable estate in Cornwall. His son 

Sir Henry de Bodrugan married Isabell, daughter of William Walles- 
borow of Whalesborough, in Cornwall, and had 

Nicholas, 3d son, who had 

Nicholas, 2d son, whose daughter and heir 

8 " Capt. Francis Champernowne, and other Historical Papers." By Charles Wesley Tuttle, Boston, 
1889, 66-67. 

TSTotts on tJ)c iFamfUts of Hocftc anti <£ole 

Anne married Sir John Cole of Nythway. Segar remarks that 
"This match of Sir John Cole, Knt., with the daughter and heiress of 
Nicholas Bodrugan, and the descents following, are proved by divers 
auncient Rolls, Bookes, and Pedigrees, remaining in the Office of Arms, 
London, 1630." 

The quarterings brought to Cole by this match were, according to 
Segar, 1. Bodrugan, Arg. 3 bends Gu.; 2. Scott, Arg. an eagle displayed 
Sa., armed Gu.; 3. Stapleton, Arg. a lion rampant Sa., armed Gu.; 
4. Trevaner, Arg. a cross flory Sa.; but it appears the Bodrugans were also 
entitled to quarter the coat of Maundeville, viz., Quarterly Or and Gu. 

The Maundevilles are descended from the "famous soldier [who came 
with William the Conqueror] called Geoffrey de Magnavil, so designated 
from the town of Magnavil, in the duchy, which he then possessed, who 
obtained as his share in the spoil of conquest, divers fair and widespreading 
domains," in ten counties. He was succeeded by his son William de 
Magnavil, corrupted into Mandeville. Geoffrey de Mandeville was created 
Earl of Essex. It was long a family of great eminence in the kingdom. 4 

Sir John Cole and Anne Bodrugan his wife had 
81 "VI. Sir William m Cole, Kt, who married Margaret daughter of 

Sir Henry Beaupell, Kt." 

The Beaupell family of Landkey, co. Cornwall, time of Edward III., 
and of Knowston Bewpell, in same county, bore : Gu. a bend vaire, be- 
tween six escallops Arg. Their son 

"VII. Sir John™ Cole, Kt., attended the Duke of Gloucester at the 
battle of Agincourt, 25 October 141 5, in the reign of Henry V., and is 
supposed to have then received his knighthood on that glorious field. 
He married Agnes daughter of Sir Fitzwarine, Kt." 

" Among the first persons of note to whom William the Conqueror committed 
the defence of the Marches towards Wales, was Guarine de Meer (a member of the 
house of Lorraine). He was father of Sir Fulke Fitz-Warine. The latter was suc- 

4 A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Aidant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British 
Empire. By Sir Bernard Burke, London, 1883. 

"Nottti on tije iFamUtrs of 7iortir autr <£ole 

ceeded by a line of eight descendants bearing his full name, of whom the last seven 
were Barons. They were distinguished in the wars of their time, and made high 
marriages." b Their arms were : Quarterly per f esse indented Erin, and Gu. 

Sir John Cole and Agnes Fitzwarine his wife had four sons, of whom 
the third was 


"VIII. William m Cole, who had two sons, the younger of whom, 

" IX. William™ Cole, was father of 

" X. John™ Cole of Sudbury, co. Suffolk, who married Elizabeth 
daughter of John Martyn, by whom he had five sons. [The arms of Mar- 
tyn of Suffolk are : Arg. a chevron between six mascles Sa.^\ Our line is 
through the second son, viz : 

"XI. William ** Cole of Sudbury, who married Catalina daughter of 
Ferdinando de Gallegos, a Spaniard of noble extraction." 

In regard to the Gallegos family, through our correspondent Hon. 
George B. Loring, U. S. Minister at Lisbon, we received, in 1889, from 
Edward H. Strobel Esq., Secretary of the U. S. Legation at Madrid, the 
following facts : 

" I have examined ' Resena Historica de los Marqueses de Gallegos,' published 
in the last volume of Piferrer's Work, with the following result. 

" The family originated with Alonso Lopez de Tejada, who lived in the time of the 
King — Don Pedro (1369) — and whose descendant Guici Lopez de Tejada established 
in 145 1 the Mayoraygo of Gallegos. After two and a half closely printed pages, giving 
the alliances and progeny of the heads of the House, but not collateral descendants, 
the article brings us to Alonso Lopez de Gallegos of Tejada, who was made Marquis 
of Gallegos by Carlos II. (1665-1700). He married Doiia Francisca de la Beldad, and 
had six sons and two daughters, from whom, according to the statement which closes 
the Resena, ' there still exist illustrious descendants in various parts of Spain, espe- 
cially in Andalucia, Estremadura and the West Indies.' . . . 

" There is a Spanish title now in existence— the marquesate of Gallegos de 
Huebra — the present representative of which is D. Angel Coronado y Lopez. . . ." 


Notes on tije tfamiUts of nocfte mm cole 

Rietstap gives the Spanish family Gallego these arms : "D'or a trois tiges d'oriies 
de sin., chaque tige ayant sept feuilles plantees sur trois tnottes de terre, mouvantes d'un fasce- 
ondi, d'arg. et d'azur en p." 

Respecting a branch of the family of Gallegos in Sicily, originally of 
Aragon, Mr. Cole gives us the following note, taken from " Teatro 
Genealogico delle Famiglie di Sicilia," del Dottore e Cavaliere Filadelfo 
Mugnos, Palermo, 1647-55, f°l- : 

" Pietro Gallego took part in the conquest of Mexico with Ferdinand Cortese. 
John Gallego had grant by Charles V., 20 February 1533, of certain privileges and 
arms, for services rendered to that emperor." 

William Cole and Catalina de Gallegos had two sons. The second 
became heir, viz : 

87 "XII. Roger [12] Cole of St. Saviour's, Southwark, co. Surrey, who 

signed the Visitation pedigree of 1623, naming his wife as Anne daughter 
of Edward Maisters of Rotherhithe, co. Surrey ; 6 his sons Roger P 3 ^ 

), 90 Roger 11 ® (the second) and fohu, [13] as all dead without issue ; and his 

91 three daughters, viz : Elizabeth™ married to William Oland of London ; 

92 Catalina, a3] then unmarried ; and 

93 "XIII. Susanna , {13] then wife of William Lock, of Morton, co. 

94 Their daughter Margaret 14 married, first, Daniel Taylor Esq.; secondly, 
Dep.-Gov. Francis Willoughby ; and, thirdly, Capt. Lawrence Hammond. 

" It will be seen, therefore, that, Susanna Cole being a coheiress, her 
husband William Locke was entitled to impale her arms, which are : 
Argent, a bull passant Gules, armed Or, within a bordure Sable bezantcc. 

" The arms of Locke are : Per fessc Azure and Or, in chief three 
falcons volant of the second. 

" It follows, also, that the descendants of Francis Willoughby and 
Margaret Locke, who are entitled to bear arms, have the right to quarter" 
the coats of Locke and Cole. 

6 Arms of Maisters : Git. a lion rampant guardant, double-queued Or, holding a rose, seeded Or, barbed 
and stalked Vert. 

ttfotrs on ttjt tfamiiitti of Hotkt antr <£ole 

Mr. J. Edwin Cole wrote us that there exists in the Guildhall at Win- 

95 Chester a portrait of Edward 11 Cole Esq., and in the Cathedral there is a 
monument to him, of which he sent us the following description from the 
*' Hampshire Independent" of August nth, 1886 : 

" Identification of a Cathedral Monument. — A monument without inscription 
on the wall of the north aisle of the Cathedral has just been identified, by the coat 
of arms painted on it, and proves to be amongst the most curious and interesting in 
the Cathedral, it having, it is believed, never been repaired or 'restored.' It was 
erected during the reign of Charles I., by Edward Cole, Esq., Principal Registrar to 
the Bishop of Winchester, Mayor of the city in 1587, 1598, and 1612, and M. P. for 
43rd Queen Elizabeth. He was buried in the Cathedral in 1617 [1637]. He married 
Christian (the daughter of William Holcroft), who was likewise buried in the 
Cathedral in 1614. There were issue four sons and two daughters. The eldest, 

96 Edward [1J] Cole, Esq., who succeeded in the Registrarship, was Mayor of the city in 
1633, and was buried ... in 1637 [1659]. He married Elizabeth, daughter of 
John Ebden, d.d., of Winchester. Mr. Cole was descended from William Cole, of 

97 Hittesleigh, Devon, who was living in a.d. 1243; William Willoughby [!0] Cole, the 
present. Earl of Enniskillen, and the Hon. Francis C. Cole, of Greywell, Hants, are 
descended from the same ancestors. In the Guildhall there is a painting of Edward 
Cole, dated 1616, likewise of Alderman Launcelot Thorpe, Mayor in 1615 and 1623, 

98 who married his daughter Jane [12] , who was also buried in the Cathedral. The monu- 
ment was evidently, from no inscription ever being placed on it, erected during the 
lifetime of the Registrar, and is worth attention, both as a remarkable specimen of 
late and debased Jacobean work, and from the curious subjects carved and painted 
on it, most probably executed by Italian workmen." 

Ascertaining that Edward Cole Esq. was a great uncle of Margaret 
Willoughby's mother, and consequently the writer's great uncle in the 
eighth degree, we requested to have his portrait and monument photo- 
graphed for us. After much diplomacy and delay consent was obtained 
from the Dean of Winchester Cathedral, and the Mayor of the town, to 
have the copies made, and they are now before us. The portrait, two 
centuries and three quarters old, represents a tall man dressed in a long, 
fur-trimmed loose coat, and a high, round topped hat with a somewhat 

Notes on t^e iFawUfes of lLocfte antr <£ole 

broad curled brim, on which there seems to be a feather falling back 
toward the left side. He has a white mustache and long white beard from 
the chin ; the face is a somewhat lengthened oval ; the nose is high and 
rather long, the dark eyes and eyebrows are handsome. The expression is 
refined and intellectual, grave, and somewhat sad. It conveys the impres- 
sion of ill health. The inscription on the top left hand corner says, 
"M. 67-1616;" but he lived till 1637. On the first finger of his right 
hand he wears a large seal ring ; in his hand he holds a roll of parchment ; 
the left hand rests upon a large book. On the right hand corner of the 
picture is his coat of arms. 

The Coles are not only in themselves an ancient family of much dignity 
of position, but they have intermarried in all their generations with many 
of the most ancient county families, and many persons of high rank and 
other distinction have been descendants of that family. To give their 
names would be to give the whole general history of the Coles ; but we 
will mention the families of Walcot, Villiers, Byron, Montgomery, Dillon, 
St. Leger, Grenville, Leigh, Champernon, Prideaux, and Chudleigh, and 
note especially that Sir Bevil Grenville, "the Bayard of England," our 
relative through the Drakes, was of Cole blood. 

Our kind and helpful correspondent James Edwin Cole Esq. has, 
through his mother, several very ancient lines of royal, and many other 
lines of noble descent. 

The most prominent member of the family is (in 1887) the Right 
Honorable William Willoughby (97) Cole, third Earl of Enniskillen, and 
Viscount Enniskillen, fourth Baron Mount-Florence in the peerage of 
Ireland, and second Baron Grinstead of Grinstead, co. Wilts, in the 
peerage of the United Kingdom. 







i. The numbers in parentheses refer to marginal columns ; the other 
reference-numbers to pages. 

2. Most of the names which are entered in the pedigrees, but for 
some reason do not appear in the text or foot-notes, are here included. 

3. All titles are omitted in the indexes. 

4. Some names of persons more or less nearly related to, or 
connected with, our families, which occur in the text, or in the pedigrees 
alone, are not indexed, it being our intention to index, for the most 
part, only family-names in the stricter sense. 

P^tcCifeflD %n&tx 

pp. 1-170 


Agnes 8 — m. Wallis (or Wallace)— (88), 16, 21 

Anna Perkins' — Pedigr. 

Agnes 6 — m. Fraser — (187), 27 

Anne E. M. 6 — (205), 29 

Alexander Makurerdy — (6), 6 

Annie 6 — (39), 10 

Alexander 3 — m. Jennet , — (147), 23 

Archibald 2 — ra. 1. , 

Alexander 4 — (54), 11 

2. , (129), 22 

Alexander 4 — (125), 21 

Archibald 3 (or Archy) — (31), 10 

Alexander 4 — (153), 23 

Archibald 3 — m. Watson — (94), 18, 19 

Alexander 4 — m. Anderson — (66), 13, 14 

Archibald 4 — (137), 23 

Alexander 6 Makurerdy— (10), 6, 8 

Archibald 4 — m. , — (106), 19 

Alexander 6 — (73), 15 

Archibald 6 (or Archy) — (26), 9 

Alexander 6 — ra. , —(203), 28 

Archibald 5 — (59), n 

Alexander 6 — m. Archibald — (168.), 25 

Archibald 6 (or Archy) — (38), 10 

Alexander 6 — m. , — (78), 15 

Archibald 6 (or Archy)— (51), 11 

Alexander Lynde 5 — m. Lord — (405), 165-66 

Arthur 6 — m. O'Brien— (146), 23, 27 

Alexanna' — (410), 167 

Arthur Lucian Salisbury'— Pedigr. 

Alice Josephine 6 — m. Hart— (406), 166 

Augusta Greene'— Pedigr. 

Allen Fox*— Pedigr. 

Augustus 6 — (171), 26 

Alonzo Washington 6 — (270), 47 

Benjamin H. — (14), 8 

Alphonso Wellington 6 — (271), 47 

Betsey 5 (or Elizabeth) — (202), 28 

Andrew 6 — (72), 14 

Betsey 5 — (278), 48 

Ann 3 — m. Mootty — (245), 41 

Caroline Gardiner'— Pedigr. 

Ann 5 — (312), 70 

Catharine 6 — (33), 10 

Ann 6 — m. Rhodes — Pedigr. 

Catharine Lord 6 — (409), 166-67 

Ann Eliza 5 — Pedigr. 

Charles— (236), 33 

Ann Eliza 6 — m. Wildern — (280), 49 and Pedigr. 

Charles 5 — m. , — (195), 28 

Anna 4 — m. Mark — (246), 41 

Charles Clark 6 Mackirdy — (12), 7, 8 

Anna 4 (or Nancy) — m. Strong — (362), 74 

Charles Johnson 6 — m. Lord— {390), 103-149 

Anna 6 — Pedigr. 

Charles M. 6 — (97), 18 

jwat©uttt» mntv 

Charles W. 6 — m. , — (116), 20 

Elisha 1 — Pedigr. 

Charlotte Frelinghuysen 6 — Pedigr. 

Elisha C. 6 — Pedigr. 

Daniel— (224), 33 

Eliza 6 — see Ann Eliza 

Daniel — m. , — (231), 33 

Eliza Jane 6 — m. Hutchinson— Pedigr. 

Daniel 2 — m. , —(23), 9 

Elizabeth 3 — (90), 16 

Daniel* — m. , — (45), 10 

Elizabeth 4 — m. Harvey — (139), 23 and Pedigr. 

Daniel 3 — (131), 22 

Elizabeth 4 — m. Short — Pedigr. 

Daniel 3 — m. , — (24), 9 

Elizabeth 4 — m. Stewart — (322), 71 

Daniel 4 — (56), 11 

Elizabeth 6 — Pedigr. 

Daniel 4 — (141), 23 

Elizabeth 6 — (77), 15 

Daniel 4 — m. Wright— (150), 23, 28 

Elizabeth 6 (or Betsey) — (202), 28 

Daniel 6 — (36), 10 

Elizabeth 6 — m. Kelly— (118), 20 

Daniel 5 — m. , —(196), 28 

Elizabeth 6 — m. Redding— (258), 43 

Daniel 6 — m. Alexander— Pedigr. 

Elizabeth 6 — m. Smith— Pedigr. 

Daniel 6 — m. Archibald— (176), 27 

Elizabeth 6 — m. Mathias — (117), 20 

Daniel 6 — (28), 10 

Elizabeth Ames' — Pedigr. 

Daniel 6 — (178), 27 

Elizabeth Fulton 6 — Pedigr. 

David'— (20), 9 

Elizabeth Margaret 6 — m. Calhoun — Pedigr. 

David 3 — (89), 16 

Emeline 6 — m. Evans — Pedigr. 

David 3 — m. , — (91), 16 

Enos— m. , —(232), 33 

David 4 — Pedigr. 

Esther 6 — m. Hunking — Pedigr. 

David 6 — m. Archibald — (144), 23, 27 

Evelyn 6 — m. Salisbury— (391), 104-125, 150-51 

David 6 — m. Simongton— Pedigr. 

Finlay Makurerdy— (3), 6 

David Elliot 6 Mackirdy — (13), 7, 8 

Frank 6 — m. McDermond — Pedigr. 

David H.— {234), 33 

Franklin 6 — (109), 19 

Delos 1 — (219), 30 

George— (242), 34 

Donald Makurerdy— (5), 6 

George — m. Holmes — (241), 34 

Ebenezer 4 — Pedigr. 

George 6 — Pedigr. 

Ebenezer 5 — m. , — Pedigr. 

George Gregory 6 — m. Jensen — (128), 22 and 

Edward 6 — m. , — (175), 26 

George Tod 6 — m. Ames — (320), 71 

Edward 6 — m. Hart— (184), 27 

Georgina 6 — (145), 23 

Eldorado E. 6 — m. Cogley — Pedigr. 

Gertrude Griffin 6 — (408), 166 

Eleanor 6 — (98), 18 

Gertrude Lee 1 — m. Thebaud — (399), 163 

Elijah 4 — Pedigr. 

Gertrude Mercer 6 — m. Hubbard — (393), 161 

Elisha 4 — m. 1. Briceland, 

Gertrude Mercer 1 — m. Marsh — (396), 163 

2. (— ) Caldwell— (67), 14 and Pedigr. 

Gilkrist Makurerdy — (1), 6 

jwaceut&g mntv 

Gilkrist Makurerdy junior— (2), 6 

Grace'— (318), 71 

Hannah 6 — rn. Hinman— Pedigr. 

Hannah 6 — m. Blanchard— (182), 27 

Hannah Elizabeth 6 — m. Nye— (254), 42 

Harriet 6 — m. Archibald— (194), 28 

Henry 6 — m. McMillan— (186), 27 

Hiram Fellows 6 — Pedigr. 

Horace G.'— (80), 15 

Hugh — (222), 33 

Hugh— (233), 33 

Hugh 3 — (95), 18 

Hugh 6 — Pedigr. 

Isaac 6 — rn. Blanchard — (170), 25 

Isidore M. 6 — m. Curtis— Pedigr. 

Jackson 3 — (29), 10 

James— ra. , —(238), 34 

James 2 — m. , —(214), 30 

James 9 — m. Cook (or Cooke)— (99), 18 
James' — (130), 22 

James 3 — m. , — (100), 19 

James 4 — m. , — (47), 10 

James 4 — m. , —(103), 19 

James 4 — m. Archibald — (149), 23, 24 
James 4 — m. Brown— Pedigr. 
James 4 — m. Gilmore — (247), 42 
James 4 — m. Gray— (120), 20 and Pedigr. 
James 4 — m. Thome— Pedigr. 
James 6 son of James (120)— Pedigr. 
James 6 son of Elder James— Pedigr. 
James 6 son of Matthew Scoby— Pedigr. 
James 6 — (75), 15 
James 6 — (114), 19 

James 6 — m. , —(43), 10 

James 6 — m. , —(197), 28 

James 6 — m. , —(253), 42 

James 6 — m. Moor— (208), 29-30 

James 6 — Pedigr. 
James 6 — (42), 10 
James 6 — (212), 30 

James 6 — m. , — (49), 11 

James 6 — m. , —(174), 26 

James Brisben 5 — (108), 19 

James D. 6 — Pedigr. 

James Frederick 6 — (180), 27 

James Madison 6 — Pedigr. 

James Munro 6 — m. Miller— (157), 24 

James Reno 7 — Pedigr. 

James Watson 4 — m. Waggoner— (no), 19 

James Watson 6 — (113), 19 

Jane— (227), 33 

Jane 3 — m. Richmond— (85), 16 

Jane 4 — m. Dort (or Dorte}— (250), 42 

Jane 6 — Pedigr. 

Jane 5 — m. Vincent — Pedigr. 

Jane 6 — Pedigr. 

Jane 6 — (177), 27 

Jane 6 — m. Gibson— Pedigr. 

Jane A. 6 — Pedigr. 

Janette 4 — m. Parkinson— Pedigr. 

Jeannette 4 — m. Barron— (255), 42 

Jeannette 4 — m. Hart— (373), 85-87 

Jennet 4 — (152), 23 

Jennet 5 — m. , —(199), 28 

Jennet 6 — m. Kent— (156), 24 

Jennet Guthrie 4 — m. Upham— (155), 23, 28 

Jenney 6 — m. Gilmor— (279), 48 and Pedigr. 

Jennie 3 — (32), 10 

Jennie 6 — (34), 10 

Jesse 6 — m. Morris — (216), 30, 31 

Jesse 6 — (213), 30 

John Makurerdy — (4), 6 

John— (17), 9 

John, (John Turk)— (68), 14 

J8atCur*s Ktiirtr 

John— (226), 33 

John 6 — (181), 27 

John— (240), 34 

John 6 — (183), 27 

John— m. , —(229), 33 

John 6 — (211), 30 

John — m. McCrellish — (230), 33 

John 6 — m. , —(158), 24 

John 5 — m. (?) McQuillan — (22), 9 and Pedigr. 

John 6 — m. Rippey — (64), 13-17 

John 5 — m. Ferrier — (82), 16 

John 6 — m. Smith — Pedigr. 

John 8 — ra. Fox— (93), 17 

John Adams 4 — m. , — (107), 19 

John 3 — m. Lord— (243), 9, 41, 52-67 

John Alexander 6 — Pedigr. 

John 3 — m. Scoby— (133), 22 

John Gilespie 6 — Pedigr. 

John 3 — m. 1. Taylor, 

John Gregory 6 McKirdy— m. Bradshaw — (n), 

2. Long — (46), 10, 12 


John 4 — (70), 14 

John Griswold 6 — (389), 103 

John 1 — (386), 99 

John Griswold 6 — Pedigr. 

John 4 — m. 1. Cochrane, 

John KiNG 5 -m. , —(104), 19 

2. , —(207), 29, 30 

John Lynde 6 — m. Tod — (314), 70 

John 4 Makurerdy— m. Gregorie (or McGregor) 

John Lynde 1 — (319), 71 

-(9). 6. 8 

John Newton 6 — m. Spargo — Pedigr. 

John 4 — m. 1. Tate (or Tait), 

2. (Nesbit) Johnson, 

3. Briceland — Pedigr. 

John Newton 6 2d— m. Hawkins — Pedigr. 
John Truman 6 — m. Reno — (119), 20 and Pedigr. 

John 4 — m. Watts— (249), 42-43 

John W. 6 — Pedigr. 

John 6 2d (son of Lynde)— Pedigr. 

John Watson 6 — m. , —(115), 20 

John 6 3d (son of Lynde) — Pedigr. 

John Wheelock 6 — Pedigr. 

John 6 son of Matthew Scoby — Pedigr. 

Jonathan 6 — m. , — (252), 42 

John 5 — (27), 9 

Joseph T. 6 — Pedigr. 

John 6 — (37), 10 

Laura'— (81), 15 

John 6 — (57), n 

Lucinda 4 — Pedigr. 

John 6 — (74), 15 

Lucinda Rebecca 6 — m. Gee — Pedigr. 

John 6 — (215), 30 

Lucy 4 — Pedigr. 

John 6 — (276), 48 

Lydia 5 — Pedigr. 

John 5 — (291), 68 

John 6 — m. Case — Pedigr. 

John 5 Makurerdy— m. Elliot— (10}^), 6, 8 

Lynde 4 — m. 1. Griswold, 

2. Lockwood — (290), 67-68 

Lynde 6 (or Lynds) — m. Parlee — (267), 44 and 

John 6 — m. Goodwin — (260), 43 

Margaret— (223), 33 

John 6 — ra. Mulholland — Pedigr. 

Margaret 5 — Pedigr. 

John 6 — m. Thompson — (179). 27 

Margaret 5 — m. McLane — (167), 25 

John 6 — (48), 11 

Margaret Tailor 4 — (151), 23 and Pedigr. 

John 6 — (172), 26 

Martha 4 — m. Richards — (136), 23 and Pedigr. 

4Wac@urtrs Kntrer 

Martha 6 — m. Poor— Pedigr. 

Nancy 5 — m. Blair — Pedigr. 

Mary— (225), 33 

Nancy 5 — m. Brown — Pedigr. 

Mary 4 — Pedigr. 

Nancy 6 — m. Alexander — Pedigr. 

Mary 4 — (388), 103 

Nancy 6 — m. Reynolds— Pedigr. 

Mary 4 — m. Baird — (71), 14 

Narcissa 6 — m. Martin— Pedigr. 

Mary 4 — m. Brown — (142), 23 and Pedigr. 

Olive 6 — m. , —(198), 28 

Mary 4 — m. Cochran — Pedigr. 

Oliver Brown 8 — Pedigr. 

Mary 4 — m. McCartney— (122), 20 

Pathrick 3 — (30), 10 

Mary 4 — m. Thompson — (m), 19 

Patrick 1 — m. , — (19), 9 

Mary 6 — Pedigr. 

Patrick 4 — m. , —(25), 9 

Mary 6 — (35), 10 

Patrick 6 — m. Ross — (18), 9, 10 

Mary 6 — (76), 15 

Patrick 6 — (40), 10 

Mary 5 — (200), 28 

Peggy 4 — m. Clement— (143), 23 and Pedigr. 

Mary 6 — m. Blaisdell— Pedigr. 

Peggy 6 — (277), 48 

Mary 6 — ra. Conkey— (169), 25 

Peggy 5 — m. Hawes — Pedigr. 

Mary 5 — m. Deary— Pedigr. 

Phcebe 6 — m. Gx^xx— Pedigr. 

Mary 6 (or Polly)— m. Hamilton— (256), 43 

Polly 6 — m. Thayer— (272), 48 

Mary*— Pedigr. 

Rachel 6 — m. Dickson — (193), 28 

Mary 6 Mackirdy— (15), 8 

Rebecca 4 — Pedigr. 

Mary 6 — (41), 10 

Rebecca 5 — m. , — (201), 28 

Mary 6 — m. Marks — Pedigr. 

Rebecca 6 — m. Ramsay — Pedigr. 

MARY A. 6 — Pedigr. 

Rebecca 6 — Pedigr. 

Mary Ann 6 — m. Little — 12 and Pedigr. 

Rebecca A. 5 — Pedigr. 

Mary Ann 6 — m. Nevills — Pedigr. 

Richard 4 — m. Griswold— (387), 99-102 

Mary Isaacs 1 — m. Frack — (316), 71 

Richard 6 — m. Harris— (265), 43-44 and Pedigr. 

Mary Jane 6 — m. Endly— Pedigr. 

Richard Aldrich 6 — m. Little — (398), 163 

Mary L. 6 — m. Macurdy — Pedigr. 

Richard Alexander 6 — Pedigr. 

Matilda M. 6 — Pedigr. 

Richard Lord 6 — m. Woodward— (404), 164-65 

Matthew 6 — m. Archibald — (173), 26 

Robert — (228), 33 

Matthew 6 — m. Gregory— Pedigr. 
Matthew Scoby 4 — m. Fulton — (140), 23 and 

Robert — m. , — (237), 33 

Robert 2 — m. Moore — (121), 20 

Matthew Scoby 6 — m. Morrill — Pedigr. 

Robert 3 — (132), 22 

Mehitable 6 — Pedigr. 

Robert 3 — (2S9), 52 

Nancy 4 — Pedigr. 

Robert 3 — m. , — (96), 18 

N ANCY 5 — Pedigr. 

Robert' — m. , — (127), 21 

Nancy 6 — (264), 43 

Robert 3 — m. , —(206), 29 


Mutmvxig muv 

Robert' Makurerdy — m. Fraser— (7), 6 

Robert 3 — m. McCurdy— (84), 16 

Robert 4 — (55), 11 

Robert 4 — (102), 19 

Robert 4 — (124), 21 

Robert 4 — m. Lynds— (154), 23, 28 

Robert 4 — m. McNeil— (138), 23 and Pedigr. 

Robert 6 — ra. ■ , — (105), 19 

Robert 6 — m. , — (134), 22 

Robert 6 — m. Blair— (217), 30 and Pedigr. 
Robert 6 — (52), ir 

Robert 6 — m. , — (159), 24 

Robert Henry 6 — m. Lee— (392), 155-60 
Robert Henry 7 — m. Suckley — (400), 163 and 

Robert K— (221), 33 

Roberta Wolcott 6 — m. Marsh— (402), 164 
Rose 3 — m. Huey— (87), 16 
Samuel 3 — m. Anderson — (69), 14 
Samuel 3 — m. Gray— (244), 41 
Samuel 4 — (126), 21 

Samuel 4 — m. 1. , 

2. ,—(44), 10, 11 

Samuel 4 — m. Berry — (251), 42 
Samuel 6 — (60), 11 

Samuel 5 — m. ( ) Hamilton— (261), 43 

Samuel 6 — m. Martin— (65), 13, 15 

Samuel 8 — (50), n 

Samuel 6 — (79), 15 

Samuel' — Pedigr. 

Samuel Denismore 6 — m. Stilwell — Pedigr. 

Sarah 8 — m. McCurdy— (83), 16 

Sarah 3 — m. McFarland— (135), 23 and Pedigr. 

Sarah 4 (or Sally)— m. Channing— (364), 75-84 

Sarah 6 (or Sally) — (257), 43 

Sarah 6 — m. Cumminger — (161), 25 

Sarah 6 — m. Fulton— Pedi?r. 

Sarah 5 — m. Mansfield — (311), 70 

Sarah'— (317), 71 

Sarah Alice 6 — m. Brown— (269), 44 

Sarah Ann 6 — m. Lord— (411), 167 

Sarah Ann 6 — m. 1. Harris, 

2. Park — (321), 71 

Sarah Anne 6 — m. Gallagher— Pedigr. 

Sarah B. 6 — m. Bracken— (92), 17 

Sarah Jeanette 6 — m. Moore — Pedigr. 

Sarah Lord 6 — m. Marsh— (401), 164 

Sarah Margaret 6 — m. Colony— (262), 43 

Solomon Moor 6 — (209), 30 

Stanley' — (160), 24 

Stephen Hamilton 6 — Pedigr. 

Stephen Oliver 6 — ra. , —Pedigr. 

Susan 6 Mackirdy— m. Scott— (16), 8 

Susan M. 6 — m. Peters— Pedigr. 

Susanna 3 — m. Gray— (86), 16 

Theodora'— (397), 163 

Theodore Frelinghuysen 6 — 

m. 1. Hubbard, 

2. Gillette— (395), 163 
Thomas— (235), 33 
Thomas— (239), 34 

Thomas 2 — m. , —(288), 51 

Thomas 3 — (6i), 12 

Thomas 4 — (53), 11 

Thomas 6 — Pedigr. 

Thomas 6 — (248), 42 

Thomas 6 — m. Archer— (263), 43 

Timothy Morris 6 — m. Sloan— (218), 30, 31 

Ursula 5 — m. 1. Allen, 

2. Perkins— (292), 68, 70 
Ursula Griswold 6 — Pedigr. 
William 5 — (21), 9 
William 4 — (148), 23 

William 4 Makurerdy— m. , —(8), 6, 8 

William 4 — m. King— (101), 19 

iHateurtrs Kttfrev 

William 5 — Pedigr. 

William 6 — m. Johnson— (315), 71 

William 5 — (58), 11 

William 6 — m. Kandick— (185), 27 

William 5 — (220), 31 

William Harrison 6 — (268), 44 

William 5 — (313), 70 

William Watts 6 — m. Giesendorf— (266), 44 and 

William 6 — m. , —(112), 19 


William 6 — Pedigr. 

Witter Smith 6 — (210), 30 


Allen, Clarence 8 — (296), 69 

Blair, Maria 6 — m. Sawin — Pedigr. 

Allen, James Mather' — (294), 69 

Blair, Martha Washington 6 — Pedigr. 

Allen, John William 6 — 

Blair, Mary 6 — ra. Nickerson — Pedigr. 

m. 1. Perkins, 

2. Mather — (293), 68-69 

Allen, Louisa Maria 1 — m. 1. Wood, 

2. Fuller — (297), 69 

Blair, MehitAble 6 — m. Hale — Pedigr. 
Blair, Nancy 6 — m. Beers— Pedigr.' 
Blair, Rachel 6 — rn. Getchill— Pedigr. 

Allen, Sarah Ann 6 — (310), 70 

Blair, William 6 — Pedigr. 

Allen, Ursula McCurdy 6 — ra. Andrews — (298), 

Channing, Edwin 5 — (371), 85 


Channing, Helen 7 — (368), 85 

Allen, William Henry 7 — m. Gale— (295), 69 

Channing, Henry William 5 — m. Cook — (365), 

Andrews, Cornelia Beebee 7 — (307), 70 


Andrews, Frances Beardsley 8 — (305), 70 

Channing, John McCurdy 6 — (372), 85 

Andrews, Harriet Silliman 7 — m. Whittelsey 

Channing, Roscoe Henry 6 — m. (Thompson) 

-(308), 70 

Parke— (366), 84 

Andrews, Sarah Jane 7 — (299), 70 

Channing, Roscoe Henry 7 — (367), 85 

Andrews, Ursula McCurdy 7 — m. Herrick — 

Channing, Thomas Shaw 6 — (369), 85 

(300), 70 
Andrews, William Whiting 7 — m. Beardsley— 
(304). 7° 

Channing, William 6 — (370), 85 
Cumminger, Alexander 6 — (163), 25 

Andrews, William Whiting 8 — (306), 70 

Cumminger, Ebenezer 6 — (165), 25 

Bell, Elsie May 8 — Pedigr. 

Cumminger, Jesse 6 — (162), 25 

Bell, Gardiner Hubbard 8 — Pedigr. 

Cumminger, John 6 — (164), 25 

Bell, Grace Hubbard 8 — Pedigr. 

Cumminger, Samuel 6 — (166), 25 

Bell, Helen Adene 8 — Pedigr. 

Deary, Agnes 6 — Pedigr. 

Bell, Marion Hubbard 8 — 7W;»7-. 

Deary, James 6 — m. Vincent — Pedigr. 

Blair, John 8 — Pedigr. 

Deary, John 6 — Pedigr. 

Blair, LaFayette 6 — Pedigr. 

Deary, Mary 6 — Pedigr. 

JHat@utttg Hvtotv 

Dunlop, Alexander 6 — m. , — (285), 50 

Hamilton, Anne Elizabeth 6 — m. Willcox — 

Dunlop, John 5 — (287), 50 
Dunlop, Robert 5 — (286), 50 
Frack, George 8 — Pedigr. 
Frack, Lizzie 8 — Pedigr. 
Frack, Willie 8 — Pedigr. 
Fraser, Agnes 6 — (190), 28 

(329). 72 
Hamilton, Arthur Stewart'— Pedigr. 
Hamilton, Arthur Stewart' 2d — m. Bullus — 

(337), 72 
Hamilton, Edith Boyd'— m. Kinkead — (347), 

73 and Pedigr. 
Hamilton, Elise Stewart' — m. Kinkead — 

Fraser, Douglas 6 — (189), 28 

(346), 73 

Fraser, Hattie 6 — (191), 28 

Hamilton, Elizabeth Stewart' — (340), 72 

Fraser, James B. 6 — (188), 28 

Hamilton, Emily Georgina' — m. Hadden — 

Fraser, William 6 — (192), 28 
Gallagher, Elsie Louise' — Pedigr. 
Gallagher, Grace Catharine' — Pedigr. 
Gallagher, Margaret McCurdy' — Pedigr. 
Graham, Alexander John 6 — (358), 73 
Graham, Andrew Smith'— (354), 73 

(34i), 72 
Hamilton, Emily Matilda 6 — (343), 72-73 
Hamilton, George Arthur 6 — Pedigr. 
Hamilton, James Adolphus'— (345), 73 

Hamilton, James Augustus 6 — 

m. 1. Freeman, 

2. Suffern— (336), 72 

Graham, Charles John'— (353), 73 

Hamilton, Janet Suffern' — m. Neilson — (339), 

Graham, Charles Stewart 6 — m. Smith — (351), 


Hamilton, Jennie Stewart' — Pedigr. 

Graham, Elizabeth Louisa 6 — m. Reid — (356), 73 

Hamilton, John Palmer 6 — (335), 72 

Graham, Isabella Stewart' — (352), 73 

Hamilton, Mary Augusta' — (338), 72 

Graham, John Alexander' — m. Davett — (355), 

Hamilton, Thomas Suffern' — (342), 72 


Harris, Mary Rebecca'— Pedigr. 

Graham, Mary Jane' — Pedigr. 

Hart, Amelia 5 — m. Hull— (383), 90 

Griffin, Augusta Neilson'— (420), 169 

Hart, Anne McCurdy 6 — m. Hull— (379), 88-89 

Griffin, Sarah Lord' — (421), 169 

Hart, Elizabeth Lord 5 — m. Allen— (382), 90 

Grossman, Gertrude Mercer 8 — Pedigi. 

Hart, Harriette Augusta 6 — (385), 90 

Hall, Arthur Cleveland'— Pedigr. 

Hart, Jeannette Margaret McCurdy 6 — (381), 

Hall, Christine Jarvis'— Pedigr. 

Hall, Edwin Farmar' — Pedigr. 

Hall, Frank DePeyster' — Pedigr. 

Hall, Mary Jarvis'— Pedigi. 

Hall, Theodore Maunoir' — Pedigr. 

Hamilton, Adolphus 6 — m. (Boyd) Fetter — 

(344) 73 
Hamilton, Alexander Stewart 6 — Pedigr. 
Hamilton, Alexander Stewart 6 2d— (348), 73 

Hart, Louise Edgerton'— (407), 166 
Hart, Mary Ann 6 — (380), 89 
Hart, Sarah McCurdy 5 — m. Jarvis— (374), 87 
Herrick, Ellen Hoyt 8 — (302), 70 
Herrick, Frank Rufus 8 — (301), 70 
Herrick, Ursula Andrews 8 — (303), 70 

Hubbard, Gertrude' — m. Grossmann — Pedigr. 

Hubbard, Grace Blatchford' — m. Bell — 

iHac<£tttft» Kmrer 

Hubbard, Mabel Gardiner'— m. Bell — (394), 

Marsh, Alexander Lynde' — Pedigr. 


Marsh, Beasley' — Pedigr. 

Hubbard, Roberta Wolcott' — m. Bell — Ptdigr. 

Marsh, Charles Mercer' — Pedigr. 

Hull, Florence 6 — (384), 90 

Marsh, Elias Joseph' — Pedigr. 

Huntington, Emily Silence 6 — (360), 73 

Marsh, Elizabeth Greene' — Pedigr. 

Huntington, Gertrude 6 — (361), 73 

Marsh, Matilda Lucille' — Pedigr. 

Jarvis, Anna Christiana Farmar 6 — m. Mau- 

noir— (376), 88 
Jarvis, Ellen Anderson 1 — Pedigr. 
Jarvis, Jeannette Hart 6 — m. Loomis — (375), 


Marsh, Richard Aldrich McCurdy' — Pedigr. 
Marsh, Robert McCurdy' — Pedigr. 
Marsh, Roberta Wolcott'— (403), 164 
Marsh, Sarah Griswold' — Pedigr. 

Jarvis, John Abraham 6 — Pedigr. 
Jarvis, Lucy Cushing 1 — Pedigr. 
Jarvis, Samuel Farmar 6 — m. Holman— (377), 88 
and Pedigr. 

Marsh, Theodore McCurdy 8 — Pedigr. 

Martin, Chalmers'— Pedigr. 

Martin, Paul' — Pedigr. 

Maunoir, Christine Elisabeth Albertina' — 

Jarvis, Samuel Farmer' — Pedigr. 
Jarvis, Sarah Elizabeth Marie Antoinette 6 
— m. Hall— (378), 88 

m. Horneffer — Pedigr. 
Maunoir, L£on' — Pedigr. 
Maunoir, Louis Winton'— Pedigr. 

Little, Samuel 6 — m. , — (62), 12 

Mootty, Alexander 4 — (283), 50 

Little, Sarah 6 — ra. Davidson — (63), 12-13 

Mootty, Elizabeth 4 (or Betty)— m. Dunlop— 

Lord, Charles McCurdy 6 — (422), 169 
Lord, Gertrude McCurdy 6 — m. Griffin— (419), 

(284), 50 
Mootty, Jane 4 (or Janet)— (281), 50 
Mootty, John 4 — (282), 50 

Lord, Henry Johnson'— (416), 168 

Ramsay, Samuel 6 — Pedigr. 

Lord, John McCurdy 6 — (417), 168 

Redding, Hamilton 6 — Pedigr. 

Lord, Richard Henry 6 — (412), 168 

Redding, Huldah 6 — ra. Bassett — Pedigr. 

Lord, Richard Lynde'— (415), 168 

Redding, Isaac Hurd 6 — (259), 43 and Pedigr 

Lord, Robert McCurdy 6 — m. Johnson — (413), 

Redding, John 6 — Pedigr. 


Redding, Nancy 6 — m. Cromb — Pedigr. 

Lord, Robert McCurdy'— (414), 168 

Reid, John Graham'— (357), 73 

Lord, Sarah McCurdy 6 — m. Matson — (418), 168 

Richards, Betsey 6 — m. Little— Pedigt. 

McCartney, David 6 — Pedigt. 
McCartney, Robert 6 — Pedigr. 
Mark, Anna 6 — m. Carpenter— (274), 48 
Mark, Betsey 6 — m. Hamilton— (275), 48 
Mark, James McCurdy 5 — m. Whitney — (273), 

Richards, Margaret 6 — m. Little— Pedigr. 
Richards, Martha 6 — m. Little— Pedigr. 
Richmond, Robert 6 — (123), 21 
Schieffelin, Edward 6 — Pedigr. 

Schieffelin, Edwardanna 6 — 
m. 1. Sill, 

Mark, Jennett 6 — m. Hathorn— Pedigr. 

2. Noyes, 

3. Chadwick— (326), 72 

JHat©ttr*rg MVtv 

Sill, Elizabeth 1 — (327), 72 

Vincent, Agnes 6 — m. Beall — Pedigr. 

Stewart, Alexander 6 — m. Bell — (323), 72 

Vincent, Albert Oliver 6 — Pedigr. 

Stewart, Anna Susanna 6 — m. Schieffelin — 

(325), 72 
Stewart, Elizabeth McCurdy 5 — m. Hamilton 

—(323), 72 

Vincent, Carlton 6 — Pedigr. 
Vincent, Jane 6 — m. Deary — Pedigr. 
Vincent, Mary Narcissa 6 — m. Craig — Pedigr. 

Stewart, James Kappoe Hamilton 6 — (324), 72 

Vincent, Thomas 6 — m. Lancaster— Pedigr. 

Stewart, Jeannette McCurdy 5 — m. Hunting- 
ton— (359). 73 

Stewart, Sarah McCurdy 6 — m. Graham— (350), 

Whittelsey, Louise Ursula 8 — (309), 70 

Willcox, Albert'— (332), 72 

Willcox, David John Halsted 1 — (333), 72 

Stewart, Susan Barr 6 — (349), 73 

Willcox, Elizabeth Buckingham 1 — (331), 72 

Strong, John McCurdy 6 — (363), 74-75 

Willcox, Frederick Ernest 1 — (334), 72 

Upham, Alexander 6 — (204), 28 

Willcox, James Kappoe Hamilton 1 — (330), 72 


-, Jennet — m. Alexander (147) McCurdy — 23 

Archibald, Jennet — m. Alexander (168) Mc- 

Alexander, Betsey — m. Daniel 6 McCurdy — 

Curdy — 25 


Archibald, Mary — m. David (144) McCurdy — 

Alexander, H. S. — m. Nancy 6 McCurdy — 



Archibald, Sarah — m. Daniel (176) McCurdy — 

Allen, Heman— m. 1. Elizabeth Lord (382) Hart, 
2. Fay — 90 

Baird, Hamilton — m. Mary (71) McCurdy — 14 

Allen, John — m. Ursula (292) McCurdy — 68 

Barron, William — m. Jeannette (255) McCurdy 

Ames, Mary Eliza — m. George Tod (320) Mc- 

Bassett, , — m. Huldah 6 Redding — Pedigr. 

Anderson, Elizabeth — m. Alexander (66) Mc- 

Beall, , — m. Agnes 6 Vincent — Pedigr. 

Curdy — 14 

Beardsley, Gertrude F. — m. William Whiting 

Anderson, Sarah— m. Samuel (69) McCurdy— 

(304) Andrews — 70 


Beers, , — m. Nancy 6 Blair— Pedigr. 

Andrews, Sherlock James — m. Ursula Mc- 
Curdy (298) Allen— 70 

Bell, Alexander Graham — m. Mabel Gardiner 
(394) Hubbard— 161, 163 

Archer, Nancy— m. Thomas (263) McCurdy— 43 

Bell, Charles James— 

Archibald, Agnes— m. James (149) McCurdy— 

m. 1. Roberta Wolcott 1 Hubbard, 

2. Grace Blatchford 1 Hubbard— Pedigr. 

Archibald, Eliza— m. Matthew (173) McCurdy 

Bell, Hetty — m. Alexander (323) Stewart — 72 
Berry, Elizabeth — m. Samuel (251) McCurdy — 

Archibald, Isaac — m. Harriet (194) McCurdy — 

Blair, Hugh — m. Nancy 6 McCurdy — Pedigr. 

M*t<£uv?i8 nmtv 

Blair, Rosanna — m. Robert (217) McCurdy — 

Colony, C. H.— m. Sarah Margaret (262) Mc- 
Curdy — 43 

BlAISdell, Henry— m. Mary 5 McCurdy — Pedigr. 

Conkey, Alexander — m. Mary (169) McCurdy 

Blanchard, Henry— m. Hannah (1S2) McCurdy 

Cook (or Cooke), , — m. James (99) McCurdy 

Blanchard, Nancy — m. Isaac (170) McCurdy — 

Boardman, , — m. a dau. of Samuel (251) 

McCurdy — Pedigr. 

Bracken, T. H— m. Sarah B. (92) McCurdy— 
17 and Pedigr. 

Bradshaw, Augusta— m. John Gregory (11) Mc- 
Kirdy— 7, 8 

Cook, Adeline DAnville — m. Henry William 
(365) Channing— 84 

Craig, Thomas— m. Mary Narcissa 6 Vincent— 

Cromb, , — m. Nancy 6 Redding — Pedigr. 

Cumminger, Henry — m. Sarah (161) McCurdy — 

Briceland, Mattie (or Mary) — m. John 4 Mc- 
Curdy— Pedigr. 

Briceland, Sarah— m. Elisha (67) McCurdy— 

Brown, , — m. Nancy 5 McCurdy — Pedigr. 

Brown, Archibald — m. Sarah Alice (269) Mc- 
Curdy — 44 

Curtis, Smith — m. Isidore M. 6 McCurdy — 

Davett, Virginia Lee — m. John Alexander 

(355) Graham— 73 

Davidson, , — m. Sarah (63) Little— 13 

Deary, James 6 — m. Jane 6 Vincent — Pedigr. 

Brown, James — m. Mary (142) McCurdy — Pedigr. 

Deary, John — m. Mary 5 McCurdy— Pedigr. 

Brown, Mary — m. James 4 McCurdy — Pedigr. 

Dickson, Hugh— m. Rachel (193) McCurdy— 28 

Bugbee, Sereno D. — m. a dau. of John (260) 
McCurdy — 47 and Pedigr. 

Dort (or Dorte), Jesse — m. Jane (250) McCurdy 

Bullus, Emily — m. Arthur Stewart (337) Hamil- 
ton— 72 

Dunlop, , — m. Elizabeth (or Betty) (284) 

Mootty — 50 

Caldwell, ( ), — m. Elisha (67) McCurdy 

— Pedigr. 

Calhoun, Richard — m. Elizabeth Margaret 6 

McCurdy — Pedigr. 
Carpenter, Simon— m. Anna (274) Mark — 48 

Case, Elsie Abigail — m. John 5 McCurdy — 

Elliot, Mary— m. John (10^) Makurerdy— 6 

Endly, George A. — m. Mary Jane 6 McCurdy — 

Evans, Dr. , — m. Mary Isaacs (Tod) Mc- 
Curdy— 71 

Evans, A. — m. Emeline 6 McCurdy — Pedigt. 

Chadwick, John Mather — m. Edwardanna 
(326) (Schieffelin) Sill-Noyes— 72 

Fay, , — m. 1. Heman Allen, 

2. Robert Ralston Fox— 90 

Channing, Henry — m. Sarah (or Sally) (364) 
McCurdy— 75-84 

Clement, Thomas — m. Peggy (143) McCurdy — 

Ferrier, Margaret — 

m. 1. John (82) McCurdy, 

2. Neil (or Cornelius) McCay (or 
McCoy) — 16 and Pedigr. 

Cochran, Peter — m. Mary 4 McCurdy — Pedigr. 
Cochrane, Nancy — m. John (207) McCurdy — 29 
Cogley, John A. — m. Eldorado E. 6 McCurdy — 

Fetter, Matilda Jane (Boyd) — m. Adolphus 
(344) Hamilton — 73 

Fox, Mary — m. John (93) McCurdy — 17 

Fox, Robert Ralston— m. (Fay) Allen — 90 

4fHac<£ttr*ff mw 

Frack, George M.— m. Mary Isaacs (316) Mc- 
Curdy— 71 

Griswold, Ursula — m. Richard (387) McCurdy 

Fraser, Janet — m. Robert 8 Makurerdy — 6 

Grossmann, Maurice N. — m. Gertrude 1 Hubbard 

Fraser, William— m. Agnes (187) McCurdy— 27 

Freeman, Jane Louisa — m. James Augustus 
(336) Hamilton — 72 

Fuller, S. Augustus — m. Louisa Maria (297) 

(Allen) Wood— 69 
Fulton, Elizabeth — m. Matthew Scoby (140) 

McCurdy— Pedigr. 

— Pedigr. 

Hadden, James Elnathan Smith — m. Emily 

Georgina (341) Hamilton — 72 

Hale, , — m. Mehitable 6 Blair— Pedigr. 

Hall, Edward Smith — m. Sarah Elizabeth 

Marie Antoinette (378) Jarvis — 88 

Hamilton, Elizabeth ( ), — m. Samuel (261) 

Fulton, Samuel — m. Sarah 5 McCurdy — Pedigr. 

Gale, Clara — m. William Henry (295) Allen — 69 

Gallagher, Thomas Eugene — m. Sarah Anne 6 
McCurdy — Pedigr. 

Gee, Augustus M. — m. Lucinda Rebecca 6 Mc- 
Curdy — Pedigr. 

Getchill, , — m. Rachel 6 Blair — Pedigr. 

Gibson, Jesse — m. Jane 6 McCurdy — Pedigr. 

McCurdy— 43 
Hamilton, Harris— m. Betsey (275) Mark— 48 
Hamilton, James Kappoe — m. Elizabeth Mc- 
Curdy (328) Stewart— 72 

Hamilton, Samuel — m. Mary (or Poll}') (256) 

McCurdy — 43 
Harris, John— m. Sarah Ann (321) McCurdy— 71 
Harris, Sarah — m. Richard (265) McCurdy — 


Giesendorf, Amelia — m. William Watts (266) 

McCurdy — Pedigr. 
Gillette, Joanna Hubbard — m. Theodore Fre- 

linghuysen (395) McCurdy — 163 
Gilmor, , — m. Jenney (279) McCurdy — 


Hart, Elisha — m. Jeannette (373) McCurdy — 85 
Hart, Eliza — m. Edward (184) McCurdy — 27 
Hart, Mortimer Edgerton — m. Alice Josephine 

(406) McCurdy — 166 
Harvey, , — m. Elizabeth (139) McCurdy — 

Gilmore, Margarett — m. James (247) McCurdy 

Hathorn, , — m. Jennett 5 Mark — Pedigr. 

Goodwin, Julia — m. John (260) McCurdy— 43 

Hawes, David — m. Peggy 5 McCurdy — Pedigr. 

Graham, Charles John — m. Sarah McCurdy 
(350) Stewart— 73 

Hawkins, Kate — m. John Newton 6 McCurdy — 

Gray, , — m. Susanna (86) McCurdy— 16 

Herrick, Gamaliel E. — m. Ursula McCurdy 

Gray, Elizabeth — m. Samuel (244) McCurdy — 

(300) Andrews — 70 


Hinman, , — m. Hannah 5 McCurdy — Pedigr. 

Gray, Sarah — m. James (120) McCurdy — Pedigr. 

Holman, Lucy Cushing — m. Samuel Farmar 

Green, J. — m. Phoebe 6 McCurdy — Pedigr. 

(377) ] wis— Pedigr. 

Gregorie (or McGregor), Grace — m. John (9) 

Holmes, , — m. George (241) McCurdy — 34 

Makurerdy — 6 

Horneffer, Prof. , — m. Christine Elisabeth 

Gregory, Esther Talcott — m. Matthew 5 Mc- 

Albertina' Maunoir — Pedigr. 

C u rdy — Pedigr. 

Hubbard, Caroline — m. Theodore Freling- 

Griffin, Edward Dorr — m. Gretrude McCurdy 

huysen (395) McCurdy — 163 

(419) Lord — 169 

Hubbard, Gardiner Greene — m. Gertrude 

Griswold, U rsula— m. Lynde (290) M cCurdy— 67 

Mercer (393) McCurdy — 161-62 

JHacftuvirg m%tv 

Huey, John — m. Rose (87) McCurdy — 16, 21 

Hull Isaac — m. Anne McCurdy (379) Hart — 

Hull, Joseph Bartine — 

m. 1. Amelia (383) Hart, 

2. Catharine (Seckel) Parmelee — 90 
Hukking, Elihu — m. Esther 6 McCurdy — Pedigr. 
Huntington, Selden — m. Jeannette McCurdy 

(359) Stewart— 73 
Hutchinson, Leny L. — m. Eliza Jane s McCurdy 
— Pedigr. 

arvis, Samuel Farmar — m. Sarah McCurdy 
(374) Hart— 87 

ensen, Marie— m. George Gregory (12S) Mc- 
Curdy— Pedigr. 

ohnson, (Nesbit) — m. John 4 McCurdy — 


ohnson, Lucy — m. Robert McCurdy (413) Lord 

ohnson, Marion — m. William (315) McCurdy 
Kandick, Bessie— m. William (1S5) McCurdy — 27 
Kelly, I. Harrison — m. Elizabeth (118) Mc- 
Curdy — 20 
Kent, John — m. Jennet (156) McCurdy — 24 
King, Nancy — m. William (101) McCurdy — 19 
Kinkead, Henry P. — m. Edith Boyd (347) 

Hamilton — Pedigr. 
Kinkead, John — m. Elise Stewart (346) Hamilton 

Lancaster, Laura — m. Thomas 6 Vincent — 

Lee, Gertrude Mercer— m. Robert Henry (392) 

McCurdy— 155-57 
Little, George — m. Martha 6 Richards — Pedigr. 

Little, James C. — m. Mary Ann 5 McCurdy — 

12 and Pedigr. 
Little, Moses Kelly — m. Betsey 6 Richards — 

Little, Sarah Ellen — m. Richard Aldrich (39S) 

McCurdy — 163 

Little, Taylor — m. Margaret 5 Richards — 

Lockwood, Lydia— m. Lynde (290) McCurdy— 

Long, , — m. John (46) McCurdy— 12 

Loomis, Osbert Burr— m. Jeannette Hart (375) 
Jarvis— SS 

Lord, Anne — m. John (243) McCurdy — 66 

Lord, Josephine — m. Alexander Lynde (405) 

McCurdy — 165 
Lord, Sarah Ann — m. Charles Johnson (390) 

McCurdy — 103-05 

Lord, Stephen Johnson — m. Sarah Ann (411) 

McCurdy— 167-6S 
Lynds, Susan — m. Robert (154) McCurdy — 28 

McCahon, , — m. a dau. of James (43) Mc- 

Curdy — 13 

McCartney, William— m. Mary (122) McCurdy 
—20 and Pedigr. 

McCay (or McCoy), Neil (or Cornelius) — m. 

Margaret (Ferrier) McCurdy — 16 
McCrellish, Mary — m. John (230) McCurdy — 


McCurdy, Robert (84)— m. Sarah (83) McCurdy 

McCurdy, Sarah (83)— m. Robert (84) McCurdy 

McDermond, Hannah S — m. Frank 6 McCurdy 

McFarland, Samuel— m. Sarah (135) McCurdy 
— Pedigr. 

McGregor, Grace — see Gregorie 

McKay, , — m. a dau. of Elizabeth 6 (Mc- 
Curdy) Smith— Pedigr. 

McLane, William— m. Margaret (167) McCurdy 

McMillan, Sarah— m. Henry (186) McCurdy— 

McNeil, Mary Ann— m. Robert (13S) McCurdy 

— Pedigr. 

McQuillan, , — m. (?) John (22) McCurdy— 


Macurdy, John— m. Mary L. 6 McCurdy— Pedigr. 

Mansfield, Elisha Hyde— m. Sarah (311) Mc- 


JHateur&g Xntrtr 

Mark, John— m. Anna (246) McCurdy— 41 
Marks, Jacob— m. Mary 6 McCurdy— Pedigr. 
Marsh, Charles Mercer— m. Roberta Wolcott 
(402) McCurdy — 164 

Marsh, Elias Joseph — m. Sarah Lord (401) Mc- 
Curdy— 164 

Marsh, Stanford — m. Gertrude Mercer (396) 
McCurdy — 163 

Martin, Edwin W. — m. Narcissa 6 McCurdy — 

Martin, Sarah — m. Samuel (65) McCurdy — 15 

Mather, Harriet Caroline— m. John William 
(293) Allen — 69 and Pedigr. 

Mathias, , — m. Elizabeth (117) McCurdy— 


Matson, Israel— m. Sarah McCurdy (418) Lord 

Maunoir, Theodore — m. Anna Christiana Far- 
mar (376) Jarvis — 88 

Miller, Margaret— m. James Munro (157) Mc- 
Curdy — 24 

Moor, Elizabeth C— m. James (208) McCurdy 

Moore, Albert — m. Sarah Jeanette 6 McCurdy 

Moore, Mary — m. Robert (121) McCurdy— 20 

Mootty, Alexander — m. Ann (245) McCurdy — 

Morrill, Lydia Eudora— m. Matthew Scoby 6 

McCurdy— Pedigr. 

Morris, , — m. Jesse (216) McCurdy— 31 

Mulholland, Sarah — m. John 6 McCurdy — 


Neilson, Louis — m. Janet Suffern (339) Hamilton 

Nevills, Richard — m. Mary Ann 6 McCurdy — 


Nickerson, , — m. Mary 6 Blair— Pedigr. 

Noyes, John— m. Edwardanna (326) (Schieffelin) 
Sill— 72 

Nye, Horatio— m. Hannah Elizabeth (254) Mc- 
Curdy — 42 

O'Brien, Lucy— m. Arthur (146) McCurdy— 23, 

Park, Hiram — m. Sarah Ann (321) (McCurdy) 

Harris — 71 

Parke, Susan (Thompson) — m. Roscoe Henry 
(366) Channing — 84 

Parkinson, Henry— m. Janette 4 McCurdy — 

Parlee, Mary Ann— m. Lynde (or Lynds) (267) 
McCurdy — Pedigr. 

Parmelee, Catharine (Seckel) — m. Joseph 
Bartine Hull — 90 

Perkins, Ann Maria— m. John William (293) 
Allen — 69 

Perkins, Erastus— m. Ursula (292) (McCurdy) 
Allen — 70 

Peters, John R. — m. Susan M. 6 McCurdy — 

Poor, Benjamin— m. Martha 5 McCurdy— Pedigr. 

Ramsay, , m. Rebecca 5 McCurdy— Pedigr. 

Redding, Obadiah — m. Elizabeth (258) McCurdy 

Reid, Alexander— m. Elizabeth Louisa (356) 
Graham — 73 

Reno, Henrietta Beal — m. John Truman (119) 

McCurdy — Pedigr. 
Reynolds, Nicholas — m. Nancy 6 McCurdy — 


Rhodes, Benjamin — m. Ann 6 McCurdy — Pedigr. 

Richards, David— m. Martha (136) McCurdy— 

Richmond, John— m. Jane (85) McCurdy— 16 
Rippey, Mary J. — m. John (64) McCurdy — 15 
Robinson, George— m. a dau. of Agnes (187) 
(McCurdy) Fraser— 28 

Ross, , — m. Patrick (iS) McCurdy— 10 

Salisbury, Edward Elbridge — m. Evelyn (391) 

McCurdy— 104, 152-54 
Sawin, George — m. Maria 6 Blair — Pedigr. 
Schieffelin, Edward Lawrence — m. Anna 

Susanna (325) Stewart — 72 

Scoby, Mary — m. John (133) McCurdy— 22 


jwacaurug mxttv 

Scott, Andrew — m. Susan (16) Mackirdy — 8 

Thompson, Catherine— m. John (179) McCurdy 

and Pedigr. 


Short, Daniel— m. Elizabeth 4 McCurdy— Pedigr. 

Thorne, Margaret — m. James 4 McCurdy — 

Sill, Francis Nicoll — m. Edwardanna (326) 


Schieffelin— 72 

Tod, Mary Isaacs— 

Simongton, Abby — m. David 6 McCurdy— Pedigr. 

m. 1. John Lynde (314) McCurdy, 
2. Dr. Evans — 70, 71 

Sloan, Stella Cordelia — m. Timothy Morris 

(218) McCurdy— 31 

Upham, Luke— m. Jennet Guthrie (155) McCurdy 

Smith, , — m. Elizabeth 6 McCurdy — Pedigr. 

Vincent, Jane 6 — m. James 6 Deary — Pedigr. 

Smith, Clarinda — m. John 6 McCurdy— Pedigr. 

Vincent, Thomas— m. Jane 6 McCurdy — Pedigr. 

Smith, Isabella — m. Charles Stewart (351) 
Graham — 73 

Waggoner, Agnes — m. James Watson (no) Mc- 

Curdy— 19 

Spargo, Mary — m. John Newton 6 McCurdy — 

Wallis (or Wallace), , — m. Agnes (88) Mc- 

Curdy — 16, 21 

Stewart, Alexander — m. Elizabeth (322) Mc- 

Curdy — 71 

Watson, Hannah — m. Archibald (94) McCurdy 

Stilwell, Elsie A. — m. Samuel Denismore" 

— 19 

McCurdy — Pedigr. 

Watts, Sarah — m. John (249) McCurdy — 43 

Story, , — m. a dau. of Robert (206) Mc- 

Wheelock, Moses B. — m. a dau. of Hannah 

Curdy— Pedigr. 

Elizabeth (254) (McCurdy) Nye— Pedigr. 

Strong, Nathan — m. Anna (or Nancy) (362) 

Whitney, Lois — m. James McCurdy (273) Mark 

McCurdy — 74 


Suckley, Mary — m. Robert Henry (400) Mc- 

Whittelsey, Elisha — m. Harriet Silliman (308) 

Curdy— Pedigr. 

Andrews — 70 

Suffern, Mary Wilson — m. James Augustus 

Wildern, Isaac — m. Ann Eliza (2S0) McCurdy 

(336) Hamilton — 72 

— Pedigr. 

Tate (or Tait), Agnes— m. John 4 McCurdy — 

Willcox, Albert O. — m. Anne Elizabeth (329) 


Hamilton— 72 

Taylor, , — m. John (46) McCurdy— 12 

Wood, George K. — m. Louisa Maria (297) Allen 

Thayer, John— m. Polly (272) McCurdy— 4S 


Thebaud, Louis A. — m. Gertrude Lee (399) Mc- 

Woodward, Julia Ann — m. Richard Lord (404) 

Curdy — 163 

McCurdy — 164 

Thompson, , — m. Mary (111) McCurdy — 19 

Wright, Eunice— m. Daniel (150) McCurdy— 28 



U IttiUs 

pp. i- 



Abby 4 — m. Cheever — (62), 198 

Harriet 3 — (34), 181 

Abraham Wolcott 4 — m. Canfield — (67), 199 

Harriet Newell 5 — m. Wright — Pedigr. 

Alfred 3 — m. Woodbridge— (35), 181-83 

Harriet Williams 5 — Pedigr. 

Alfred 4 — (44), 184 

Heffe Alston 5 — Pedigr. 

Alfred 4 — m. Tiffany— (45), 184-85 

Heffe Alston 5 2d — Pedigr. 

Alfreda 6 — Pedigr. 

Henrietta Rebecca 4 — (70), 199 

Andrew 3 — (14), 175 

Henry 6 — m. Fulwiler — Pedigr. 

Ann 3 — m. Lord — (71), 199-202 

Henry Theodore 5 — (69), 199 

Anne L. 4 — (65), 198 

James 1 — m. 1. Buck, 

Caroline Latimer 6 — (7), 175 
Charles 3 — (29), 180 

2. Mix, 

3.(Toucey) Grant-(i), 171, 173-75, 

Charles 5 — Pedigr. 

James 5 — m. Warner — (2), 175-76, 177 

Charley Tiffany 6 — Pedigr. 

James 3 — (23), 176 

Daniel 3 — (13), 175 

James 3 — in. Fosdick — (5), 175 

David 5 — m. Wolcott — (4), 175, 176, 177 

James 4 — (66), 198 

Donald Chester 5 — Pedigr. 

James Alfred 6 — Pedigr. 

Donald Grant 3 — (26), 179-80 

James Buchanan 6 — (60), 198 

Donald Grant 4 — m. Pringle — (40), 183-84 

James Henry 4 — m. Skinner— (6), 175 

Donald Grant 5 — Pedigr. 

James McDougall 6 — Pedigr. 

Edgar 6 — Pedigr. 

Jane Whitehill 6 — m. Hoffraan-ft%. 

Elizabeth 3 — m. Chester— (25), 179 

John 3 — m. Waterhouse — (4S), 193-95, 196 

Elizabeth Chapman 4 — m. Clapp — (61), 198 

John 4 — m. Tomlinson — (5S), 197-98 

Elizabeth Mary 4 — m. Thacher — (8), 175 

John Belden 5 — m. Evans— (57), 197 and Pedigr. 

Elizabeth Mumford 4 — (41), 184 

John Charles 6 — m. Moore— (59), 198 and Pedigr. 

Elizabeth Woodbridge 6 — Pedigr. 

Julia 3 — m. Buck — (31), 1S0 

Hannah 3 — (9), 175 

Louis 3 — (30), 180 

Hannah 3 — (10), 175 

Louis 4 — (42), 1S4 

Hannah 3 — (33), 181 

Lucretia Woodbridge 4 — (36), 183 

JHCttJjeU KnW 

Lucretia Woodbridge 4 — m. Strong — (38), 185 

Stephen Mix 5 — m. Grant — (24), 174, 176, 177-79 

Mabel 2 — m. Welles — (3), 175, 176, 177 

Stephen Mix 3 — m. Coit — (27), 1S0 

Mabel 3 — m. White— (16), 176 

Stephen Mix 4 — (37), 183 

Mary 3 — (15), 176 

Susan Pringle 6 — Pedigr. 

Mary Perkins 4 — (43), 184 

Walter 3 — {28), 180 

Mary Pringle 6 — m. Ryerson — Pedigr. 

Walter Louis 6 — Pedigr. 

Mortimer Belden 6 — Pedigr. 

William 1 — m. Buchanan — (46), 171, 173, 185-86, 
188-S9, 193 

Rachel*— Pedigr. 

William 2 — m. Parmelee — (47), 18S-93, 196 

Rebecca 3 — (32), 1S0 

William 3 — (n), 175 

Rebecca Motte 6 — m. Hart — Pedigr. 

William 4 — m. Belden— (56), 197, 198 

Sarah Parmelee 4 — m. Pettit — (49), 196 

William Pringle 5 — m. Mower — Pedigr. 

Stephen 3 — (12), 175 

William Walter 5 — (68), 199 


Cheever, Alice M. 6 — Pedigr. 

Goodman, Josiah W .^—Pedigr. 

Cheever, Fannie H. 6 — Pedigr. 

Lockwood, DeForest' — Pedigr. 

Cheever, Henry Martyn 5 — m. Buckbee — (63), 

Lockwood, Frederick' — Pedigr. 

19S and Pedigr. 

Lockwood, Gertrude' — Pedigr. 

Cheever, Lucille' — Pedigr. 

Lockwood, Leland' — Pedigr. 

Cheever, Mary 6 ("Kittie") — m. Dunning — 

Cheever, Mary' — Pedigr. 

Cheever, Walter Hewitt 6 — m. Weed — Pedigr. 
Cheever, William Ebenezer 5 — m. Hewitt — 

(64), 19S and Pedigr. 

Lockwood, Mary Helen'— Pedigr. 
Miller, Cora Virginia 6 — Pedigr. 
Miller, Edward House 6 — Pedigr. 
Pettit, Eliza Ann 5 — in. Wyman— (50), 197 
Pettit, Harriet Maria 6 — m. House — (52), 197 

Dunning, Frederick 1 — Pedigr. 

Pettit, Henry Harrison 6 — m. Heacock — 

Dunning, Harold Wolcott 1 — Pedigr. 
Dunning, Lillie Hazel' — Pedigr. 
Dunning, Ralph Cheever' — Pedigr. 

Pettit, John Mitchell 6 — (53), 197 
Pettit, Mary Jane 6 — m. VanBenthuysen — (51), 


Goodman, Edmund Otis 6 — Pedigr. 

Pettit, Sarah Frances 5 — m. Miller — (55), 197 

Goodman, Harvey 6 — Pedigr. 

Pettit, Willard Heacock'— Pedigr. 

Goodman, Helen Maria 6 — Pedigr. 

Pettit, William Frederick 5 — m. Mix — (54), 

Goodman, Henry Martyn 6 — Pedigr. 


mutmi mxitv 

Rapp, Clifford Lafayette 7 — Pedigr. 

VanBenthuysen, Mary Frances 6 — m. Lock- 

Strong, Elizabeth Mitchell 6 — (39), 183 

wood — Pedigr. 

Thacher, Frederick 6 — Pedigr. 

Walker, Gertrude 1 — Pedigr. 

Thacher, Henry 5 — m. Wildman— Pedigr. 

Walker, Robert 7 — Pedigr. 

Thacher, James H. 6 — Pedigr. 

Walker, Sarah 7 — Pedigr. 

VanBenthuysen, Abram Bailey 1 — Pedigr. 

Walker, VanBenthuysen 1 — Pedigr. 

VanBenthuysen, Ella 6 — Pedigr. 

Walker, William 1 — Pedigr. 

VanBenthuysen, Fannie 1 — Pedigr. 

White, Clarissa 4 — m. Collins — (21), 176 

VanBenthuysen. Gertrude Wood 6 — m. Rapp 

White, Harriet 4 — m. Bardwell— (20), 176 


White, Mabel 4 — (18), 176 

VanBenthuysen, Grace 7 — Pedigr. 

White, Maria 4 — m. Goodman— (17), 176 

VanBenthuysen, Harriet House 6 — ra. Walker 


White, Mary 4 — m. White— (19), 176 

VanBenthuysen, Henry Pettit 6 — m. (Garfield) 

White, Semanthe 4 — m. Eastman— (22), 176 

Lo vel 1 — Pedigr. 

Wyman, Frederick 6 — Pedigr. 


Bard well, Alonzo — m. Harriet (20) White— 

Dunning, Edward Howard— m. Mary 6 Cheever 


— Pedigr. 

Belden, Sarah — m. William (56) Mitchell — 197 

Eastman, Reuben R— m. Semanthe (22) White 

Buchanan, Agnes— m. William (46) Mitchell— 


185, 188-S9, 193 

Evans, Ellen — m. John Belden (57) Mitchell — 

Buck, Daniel— m. Julia (31) Mitchell— 180 


Buck, Mabel — m. James (1) Mitchell— 173 

Fosdick, Mary— m. James (5) Mitchell — 175 

Buckbee, Sarah — m. Henry Martyn (63) Cheever 

Fulwiler, Elizabeth — m. Henry 6 Mitchell — 



Canfield, Fannie — m. Abraham Wolcott (67) 

Goodman, Otis — m. Maria (17) White — 176 

Mitchell — 199 

Grant, Arminal (Toucey) — m. James (1) 

Cheever, Ebenezer — m. Abby (62) Mitchell — 

Mitchell — 174 


Grant, Hannah— m. Stephen Mix (24) Mitchell 

Chester, Stephen — m. Elizabeth (25) Mitchell 



Hart, Walter Tillman — m. Rebecca Motte 6 

Clapp, Erastus — m. Elizabeth Chapman (61) 

Mitchell— Pedigr. 

Mitchell— 19S 

Heacock, Lillie — m. Henry Harrison 6 Pettit — 

Coit, Sophia— m. Stephen Mix (27) Mitchell— 



Hewitt, Mary — m. William Ebenezer (64) 

Collins, Henry — m. Clarissa (21) White — 176 

Cheever — Pedigr. 

Wittwi xmrtr 

Hoffman, Peter— m. Jane Whitehill 6 Mitchell— 

House, Samuel R. — ra. Harriet Maria (52) Pettit 

Lockwood, H. Clark— m. Mary Frances 6 Van 
Benthuysen— Pedigr. 

Lord, Richard — m. Ann (71) Mitchell — 199 

Lovell, Lizzie (Garfield) — m. Henry Pettit 6 
VanBenthuysen — Pedigr. 

Miller, Amzi B.—ra. Sarah Frances (55) Pettit — 

Mix, Rebecca— m. James (1) Mitchell— 174 

Mix, Virginia— m. William Frederick (54) Pettit 

Moore, Lucy — m. John Charles (59) Mitchell — 

Mower, Katharine — m. William Pringle 6 
Mitchell— Pedigr. 

Parmelee, Sarah — m. William (47) Mitchell — 

Pettit, John— m. Sarah Parmelee (49) Mitchell 

— 196 

Pringle, Mary F. — m. Donald Grant (40) 
Mitchell— 183 

Rapp, William N. — m. Gertrude Wood 6 Van 
Benthuysen — Pedigr. 

Ryerson, Edward L. — m. Mary Pringle 5 Mitchell 

Skinner, Martha— m. James Henry (6) Mitchell 

Strong, Edward — m. Lucretia Woodbridge (3S) 

Mitchell— 183 
Thacher, Augustus — m. Elizabeth Mary (8) 

Mitchell — 175 
Tiffany, Anne O. — m. Alfred (45) Mitchell — 185 
Tomlinson, Mary Ann— m. John (58) Mitchell 


VanBenthuysen, Abram B.— m. Mary Jane (51) 

Pettit — 197 and Pedigr. 
Walker, John — m. Harriet House 6 VanBen- 
thuysen — Pedigr. 
Warner, Hannah — m. James (2) Mitchell — 175 
Waterhouse, Abigail — m. John (48) Mitchell — 

195-96, 199 
Weed, Clara — m. Walter Hewitt 6 Cheever — 

Welles, Chester — m. Mabel (3) Mitchell — 176 
White, Augustus — m. Mary (19) White — 176 
White, Josiah — m. Mabel (16) Mitchell— 176 

Wildman, , — m. Henry 5 Thacher — Pedigr. 

Wolcott, Mary— m. David (4) Mitchell— 176 

Woodbridge, Lucretia Mumford — m. Alfred 
(35) Mitchell— 181 and Pedigr. 

Wright, Allen — m. Harriet Newell 6 Mitchell — 

Wyman, Abel — m. Eliza Ann (50) Pettit — 197 

IJttjdmtmtt %n&£& 

pp. 205-218 


Agnes— m. Mitchell — (7), 207 

James— (26), 209 

Alexander — (2), 206 

James M. — (15), 208 

Alexander — (27), 210 

John — (25), 209 

Anselan Okyan — (1), 205 

John (John Buchanan-Hamilton) — (S), 207 

Claudius — m. 1. Whish, 

John Parkes — (19), 209 

2. Thompson — (n), 208, 210-18 

Kean— (17), 209 

Dugald— (10), 20S 

Patrick — (3), 206 

Duncan — (23), 209 

ROBERDEAU — (l2), 208 

Edward — m. Mitchell — (9), 207 

Robert — (20), 209 

Franklin — (16), 208 

Robert C. — (18), 209 

George — (4), 206 

Thomas — (6), 206 

George — (5), 206 

Thomas— (22), 209 

George— (14), 208 

Walter — (21), 209 

James — (13), 208 

William — (24), 209 


Mitchell, , — m. Edward (9) Buchanan — 207 

Thompson, Mary — m. Claudius (11) Buchanan 

Mitchell, William — m. Agnes (7) Buchanan 


— 207 Whish, Mary — m. Claudius (11) Buchanan — 215 

^armetee ^tutee 

pp. 219-233 


Aaron 4 — (24), 226 

Benjamin 6 — Pedigr. 

Aaron 5 — (30), 227 

Betsey 6 — m. Everest— (83), 232 and Pedigr. 

Abel 4 — m. Beecher — Pedigr. 

Betsey Ann 1 — m. Leete — Pedigr. 

Abel' — Pedigr. 

Beulah 6 — m. Eliot — (94), 233 

Abigail 4 — (20), 226 

Bryan 6 — Pedigr. 

Abigail 6 — Pedigr. 

Caleb 3 — m. 1. Johnson, 

Abigail 6 (or Abby) — m. Enos — (S4), 232 and 

2. Hill— (13), 225 


C ATH ARI NE 6 — Pedigr. 

Abner 5 — Pedigr. 

Catharine Chase 8 — Pedigr. 

Adeline H.' — m. Hamilton — Pedigr. 

Charity 6 — (29), 227 

ALANSON 7 — Pedigr. 

Charles 4 — Pedigr. 

Alexander 6 — (35), 227 

Charles 6 — m. Tyler— (79), 232 and Pedigr. 

Ambrose Nichols 6 — Pedigr. 

Charles 6 — m. Cook— Pedigr. 

Ann 4 — Pedigr. 

Charles' son of Dan — Pedigr. 

Ann 5 dau. of Jonathan — Pedigr. 

Charles' son of Elias— Pedigr. 

Ann 6 dau. of Thomas — Pedigr. 

Charlotte A.'— m. Wheeler— Pedigr. 

Ann 5 — (27), 227 

Curtis S. 6 — Pedigr. 

Anna 6 — (87), 232 

Cynthia' — m. Redway — Pedigr. 

Anne 8 — m. Payne — Pedigr. 

Dan 5 — m. 1. Norton, 

Anne 9 — Pedigr. 

2. ( ) Goodyear — (64), 230, 232 and 


Annie M.' — m. 1. Ranslow, 

Dan 6 — m. 1. Linsley, 

2. Allen— Pedigr. 

2. Rowe — (82), 232 and Pedigr. 

Asahel 6 — m. Angier — Pedigr. 

Dan 6 — m. Stevens — (5S), 229 and Pedigr. 

Asaph 5 — Pedigr. 

Daniel 4 — Pedigr. 

Ashbel 6 — (73), 231-33 

Daniel 6 — Pedigr. 

Ashley' — Pedigr. 

David 4 — Pedigr. 

Augusta 8 — m. McFadden — Pedigr. 

Deidamia' — m. Phillips— Pedigr. 

Benjamin 4 — Pedigr. 

Dennis' — Pedigr. 

Ben j ami N 6 — Pedigr. 

Diadama 6 — Pedigr. 

Patroclee XxWtv 

Dorothy*— Pedigr. 

Hezekiah 6 — m. , — Pedigr. 

Edward Little 9 — m. Mills— Pedigr. 

Hezekiah 6 — Pedigr. 

Elias*— Pedigr. 

Hezekiah 6 — (85), 232 

Elias 6 — m. Fitch— Pedigr. 

Hezekiah 7 son of Dan— Pedigr. 

Elisha— (45), 228 

Hezekiah 7 son of Job — Pedigr. 

Elizabeth 2 — m. Everts— (5), 224 

Hiel 6 — Pedigr. 

Elizabeth 4 — Pedigr. 

HlEL 6 — Pedigr. 

Elizabeth 6 — Pedigr. 

Horace M. 7 — Pedigr. 

Elizabeth 1 — Pedigr. 

Isaac 3 — m. Hiland (or Highland) — (9), 225 

Elizabeth Olive' — m. Tenney — Pedigr. 

Jabez 7 — Pedigr. 

Emma 8 — Pedigr. 

Jahial 6 — m. Hendee— (38), 228 and Pedigr. 

Esther 5 — Pedigr. 

James 5 — Pedigr. 

Esther 6 — Pedigr. 

James 7 — m. , — (54), 229 

Eunice 6 — m. Hastings— Pedigr. 

James Henry 8 — Pedigr. 

Ezra 5 — m. Bushnell— (43), 228 and Pedigr. 

James Hill 7 — (46), 228-29 

Ezra 6 — m. Hill— (42), 228 and Pedigr. 

Jared 6 — Pedigr. 

Ezra 7 — Pedigr. 

Jeane 4 — Pedigr. 

Ezra 6 — (50), 229 

Jehiel 4 — Pedigr. 

Fandacy 7 — m. Comstock — Pedigr. 

Jemima 6 — Pedigr. 

Frances Elizabeth 7 — m. Morris — Pedigr. 

Jemima 7 — m. Prentice — (47), 229 and Pedigr. 

Francis Joseph 9 — Pedigr. 

Jeremiah 4 — Pedigr. 

H. Frances 9 — (53), 229 

Jeremiah 5 — m. , — Pedigr. 

H. R. 9 — (61), 229 

Jeremiah 6 — m. , —(55), 229 

Hannah 2 — m. Johnson — (3), 224 

Jeremiah 6 — m. Cook — Pedigr. 

Hannah 3 — m. 1. Hill, 

Jerusha 4 — m. Camp — (23), 226 

2. Stevens (or Stephens) — (10), 225 

Jerusha 6 — Pedigr, 

Hannah 4 — Pedigr. 

Jesse Cook 7 — m. Cook— Pedigr. 

Hannah 4 — m. Camp — (21), 226 

Job 3 — m. Edwards— (12), 225 

Hannah 6 — m. Robinson— (80), 232 and Pedigr. 

Job 6 — m. Sarah , — Pedigr. 

Hannah'— (86), 232 

Joel 3 — m. Andrews — (15), 225-26 

Hannah 6 — m. Camp — Pedigr. 

Joel 4 — m. Camp — (19), 226 


Henry 7 — Pedigr. 

Joel 8 — m. , — (60), 229 

Henry Sawtell 8 — Pedigr. 

John 1 — m. 1. Hannah , 

Hezekiah 4 — m. 1. Hall, 

2. ( ) Bradley— (1), 219-24 

2. ( ) Smith (or Hubbard) — 

(18), 226 

John 2 — m. 1. Rebecca , 

2. ( ) Plane, 

Hezekiah 4 — m. Hopson — Pedigr. 

3. Hannah , — (2), 224-25 

Hezekiah 6 — (77), 232 

John 3 — m. Mason— (7), 225 


Patrnwlee Xtfttv 

John 4 — m. Boardman — (17), 226-27 

Moses 6 — ra. Montague — Pedigr. 

John 6 — (31), 227 

Moses Payson 7 — 

John 5 — m. Priscilla , —(34), 227 

2. Julia , —(52), 229 and Pedigr. 

John' — Pedigr. 

Nathaniel 3 — m. French — (6), 225 

John'— m. Chase— (41), 228 and Pedigr. 

Nathaniel 4 — m. Esther , —(44). 228 and 

John D. 7 — Pedigr. 
John Smith 8 — Pedigr. 


Nathaniel 6 — Pedigr. 

Jonathan 4 — m. Sarah , — Pedigr. 

Nehemiah 6 — Pedigr. 

Jonathan 6 — Pedigr. 

Oliver 5 — Pedigr. 

Joseph 4 — m. , —(95), 233 

Joseph Warren 8 — m. Little — (40), 228 and Pedigr. 

Oliver 6 — Pedigr. 

Pamela 7 — m. Comstock— Pedigr. 

Joshua 3 — m. 1. Edwards, 

Philethia 6 — Pedigr. 

2. Hannah , —(8), 225 

Phineas 4 — (25), 226 

J oshua 6 — Pedigr. 

Phineas 5 — ra. Prudence , — (28), 227 

JosiAH 5 — Pedigr. 

Phcebe 6 — m. Castle— (76), 231 and Pedigr. 

Julia 1 — Pedigr. 

Polly 6 — Pedigr. 

J U STI N A 6 — Pedigr. 

Polly 6 — m. Dunham — Pedigr. 

Lemuel 6 — m. Kelsey— (56), 229 and Pedigr. 

Priscilla 3 — (14), 225 

Lewis Clark— (67), 230-31 

Priscilla Horne 8 — Pedigr. 

Lucy 4 — Pedigr. 

Randolph 6 — m. Murray — (39), 228 and Pedigr. 

Lucy 5 — Pedigr. 

Reuben 6 — Pedigr. 

Lydia 6 — Pedigr. 

RHODA 5 — Pedigr. 

MABLE 6 — Pedigr. 

Rhoda 7 — Pedigr. 

Mark 4 — Pedigr. 

Rhoda 7 — m. Short— Pedigr. 

Mark 7 — Pedigr. 

Rosamond 6 — (26), 227 

Mary 8 — m. Crampton— (4), 224 

Ruth 6 — Pedigr. 

Mary 4 — Pedigr. 

Ruth Adelaide 8 — Pedigr. 

Mary 4 — m. Peck— (16), 226 

Sabrina 7 — m. Haskell — Pedigr. 

Mary 7 — m. 1. Bliss, 

2. Reed — Pedigr. 

Mary Rebecca 7 — m. Rowe — Pedigr. 

Mehitabel 5 — m. Baldwin— (81), 232 and Pedigr. 

Mehitabel 6 — (90), 232 

Mehitabel 6 — m. Eells— (69), 231 

Sally 6 — Pedigr. 
. Samuel 4 — Pedigr. 

Samuel 6 — m. Sarah , —(33), 227 

Samuel 6 — Pedigr. 
Sarah 4 — Pedigr. 
Sarah 4 — m. Hall— (22), 226 

Melynthia 7 — Pedigr. 

Sarah 6 dau. of Hezekiah— Pedigr. 

Moses 5 — (78), 232 

Sarah 5 dau. of Jonathan — Pedigr. 

Moses 6 — m. , —(89), 232-33 

Sarah 5 dau. of Nathaniel — Pedigr. 


^armtlec Kutrer 

Sarah 5 dau. of Thomas— Pedigr. 

Sarah 6 — m. Mitchell— (32), 227 

Sarah 6 — Pedigr. 

Sarah 8 — Pedigr. 

Sewall 8 — Pedigr. 

Sheldon 6 — Pedigr. 

Siba 6 — m. 1. Blish, 

2. Bushnell— Pedigr. 

Sibyl'— Pedigr. 

Sibyl Hill 8 — Pedigr. 

Sidney C. 1 — Pedigr. 

Simeon 6 — m. Hopkins— (74), 231, 232 and Pedigr. 

Simeon 6 — m. 1. Mead, 

2. Chapin— (51), 229, 232 and Pedigr. 
Simeon 1 — (91), 233 
Simeon M.'— Pedigr. 
Stephen 3 — m. Baldwin— (n), 225 
Stephen 4 — 

m. 1. Betty , 

2. Hannah , —(37), 228 and Pedigr. 

Susannah*— Pedigr. 

Sybilla 4 — Pedigr. 
Temperance 6 — Pedigr. 
Theodore Nelson 7 — Pedigr. 

Thomas 4 — m. Bathsheba , —Pedigr. 

Thomas 7 — m. , — Pedigr. 

Thomas John Gould 6 — 
m. 1. Stiles, 

2. Curtis — (65), 230 and Pedigr. 
Tim oth y 4 — Pedigr. 
Truman 6 — Pedigr. 
Tryphena 6 — m. Case— (88), 232, 233 
Tyler 6 — m. Yale— Pedigr. 

Wheelock Hendee 1 (Parmly) — m. Dunbar — 

(36), 228 and Pedigr. 
William— (63), 230 
William 7 — Pedigr. 

William 7 — m. Rice— (59), 229 and Pedigr. 
William Benjamin 9 — (62), 229 
Wilson B. 7 — Pedigr. 
Yelverton — (66), 230 


Case, Moses 7 — (92), 233 

Castle, Samuel N. 7 — (75), 231 

Eells, Dan Parmelee 7 — (72), 231 

Eells, James 7 — (71), 231 

Eells, Timothy Dwight 7 — (70), 231 

Eliot, Mary 6 — m. Halleck— Pedigr. 

Everest, Charles William 7 — (98), 233 

Everest, Helen M. 7 — Pedigr. 

Halleck, FitzGreene 7 — (93), 233 

Hastings, Albert Merwin 7 — m. Barry— Pedigr. 

Hastings, Betsey 7 — m. Judd— Pedigr. 

Hastings, Charles 7 — 

m. 1. Barker, 

2. Probabridge — Pedigr. 





Eunice Sophia 7 — 

m: 1. Smith, 
2. Trowbridge 




Parmelee 7 — 
m. 1. Owens, 

2. Moody, 

3. Petite— Pedigr. 



— m. 1. Clark, 

2. Hamilton- 



Parmelee M. 8 — Pedigr. 


Polly Sophia 7 — Pedigr. 


Seth 7 — m 

Clark— Pedigr. 


Thomas 7 - 

-m. Seymour— (96), 233 and 


Thomas Samuel 8 — (97), 233 

itarmelee MXitv 

Hastings, Truman'— m. I. Vail, 

2. Williams — Pedigr. 
McFadden, Augusta 9 — Pedigr. 
McFadden, Frederick M. 9 — Pedigr. 
McFadden, Jessie 9 — Pedigr. 
McFadden, Parmalee J. 9 — Pedigr. 

Prentice, Ezra P. 8 — (48), 229 
Prentice, John H. 8 — (49), 229 
Seward, William Henry — (57), 229 
Stone, Collins — (6S), 231 
Tenney, Gertrude Maria 8 — m. Twining 


, Bathsheba— m. Thomas 4 Parmelee — 


, Betty — m. Stephen (37) Parmelee — Pedigr. 

, Esther — m. Nathaniel (44) Parmelee — 


, Hannah — m. John (1) Parmelin — 224 

, Hannah — m. John (2) Parmelin (or Parme- 
lee)— 224, 225 

, Hannah — m. Joshua (8) Parmelee— 225 

, Hannah — m. Stephen (37) Parmelee — 


, Julia — m. Moses Payson (52) Parmelee — 


, Priscilla — m. John (34) Parmelee — 227 

, Prudence — m. Phineas (28) Parmelee — 227 

, Rebecca— m. John (2) Parmelin (or Parme- 
lee) — 224, 225 

, Sarah — m. Job 6 Parmelee — Pedigr. 

, Sarah — m. Jonathan 4 Parmelee — Pedigr. 

, Sarah — m. Samuel (33) Parmelee — 227 

Allen, Horatio — m. Annie M. 7 (Parmelee) 
Ranslow — Pedigr. 

Andrews, Abigail — m. Joel (15) Parmalee (or 
Parmelee) — 225-26 

Angier, Betsey— m. Asahel 6 Parmelee — Pedigr. 
Baldwin, Elizabeth — m. Stephen (11) Parmelee 

Baldwin, Noah— m. Mehitabel (81) Parmelee— 

Barker, Patty— m. Charles 7 Hastings — Pedigr. 

Barry, Frances — m. Albert Merwin 7 Hastings — 

Beecher, Mary — m. Abel 4 Parmelee — Pedigr. 

Blish, Daniel — m. Siba 6 Parmelee — Pedigr. 

Bliss, Pelatiah — m. Mary 7 Parmelee — Pedigr. 

Boardman, Sarah — m. John (17) Parmelee — 226 

Bradley, Elizabeth ( ), — m. John (1) 

Parmelin — 224 
Bushnell, Ensign — m. Siba 6 (Parmelee) Blish — 


Bushnell, Jemima — m. Ezra (43) Parmelee — 


Camp, , — m. Hannah (21) Parmelee — 226 

Camp, Abram— m. Hannah 6 Parmelee — Pedigr. 
Camp, John — m. Jerusha (23) Parmelee— 226 
Camp, Rhoda— m. Joel (19) Parmelee — 226 

Case, , — m. Tryphena (8S) Parmelee — 233 

Castle, S. — m. Phoebe (76) Parmelee — Pedigr. 
Chapin, Phcebe — m. Simeon (51) Parmelee — 


Chase, Phcebe— m. John (41) Parmelee — Pedigr % 

Clark, Elizabeth — m. Orlando 7 Hastings — 

Clark, Huldah — m. Seth 7 Hastings — Pedigr. 

Fandacy 7 Parmelee 

i. Pamela 1 Parmelc 

Comstock, Samuel H. 

Comstock, Samuel H.- 

Cook, Abigail Forbes — m. Jesse Cook 7 Parme- 
lee— Pedigr. 


Parnwler Knw 

Cook, Patty— m. Charles 6 Parmelee— Pedigr. 

Hill, Sibyl— m. Ezra (42) Parmelee— Pedigr. 

Cook, Ruth— m. Jeremiah 6 Parmelee— Pedigr. 

Hopkins, Jemima— m. Simeon (74) Parmelee— 

Crampton, Dennis— m. Mary (4) Parmelin (or 


Parmelee)— 224 

Hopson, Sarah — m. Hezekiah 4 Parmelee — 

Curtis, Olive— m. Thomas John Gould (65) 


Pa rm el ee — Pedigr. 

Hubbard (or Smith), Mercy (or Mary) ( ) 

Dunbar, Katharine— m. Wheelock Hendee 

— m. Hezekiah (18) Parmelee — 226 

(36) Parmly — Pedigr: 

Johnson, Abigail— m. Caleb (13) Parmelee— 

Dunham, Samuel— m. Polly 6 Parmelee— Pedigr. 


Edwards, Betsey— m. Job (12) Parmelee— 225 

Johnson, John— m. Hannah (3) Parmelin (or 

Parmelee) — 224 

Edwards, Elsie — m. Joshua (8) Parmelee — 225 

Judd, Elnathan — m. Betsey' Hastings — Pedigr. 

Eells, James — m. Mehitabel (69) Parmelee — 231 

Kelsey, Sarah— m. Lemuel (56) Parmelee— 

Eliot, Nathaniel— m. Beulah (94) Parmelee— 



Leete, Albert — m. Betsey Ann' Parmelee — 

Enos, Freeman — m. Abigail (or Abby) (84) Par- 


m el e e — Pedigr. 

Linsley, Mary— m. Dan (82) Parmelee— Pedigr. 

Everest, Sherman — m. Betsey (83) Parmelee — 


Little, Frances Ann — m. Joseph Warren (40) 

Parmelee — Pedigr. 

Everts, John — m. Elizabeth (5) Parmelin (or 
Parmelee) — 224 

McFadden, John P. — m. Augusta 8 Parmelee — 


Fitch, , — m. Elias 6 Parmelee— Pedigr. 

Mason, Mary— m. John (7) Parmelee— 225 

French, Sarah — m. Nathaniel (6) Parmelee — 225 

Mead, Amira— m. Simeon (51) Parmelee — 

Goodyear, Abigail ( ),— m. Dan (64) Parme- 


lee— Pedigr. 

Mills, Lizzie— m. Edward Little 9 Parmelee— 

Hall, Asahel— m. Sarah (22) Parmelee— 226 


Hall, Mehitabel— m. Hezekiah (18) Parmelee 

Mitchell, William— m. Sarah (32) Parmelee— 

— 226 


Halleck, Israel— m. Mary 6 Eliot— Pedigr. 

Montague, Cynthia— m. Moses 6 Parmelee — 

Hamilton, E. J. — m. Adeline H. 1 Parmelee — 



Moody, Philema— m. Eurotas Parmelee 1 Hast- 

Hamilton, Lydia— m. Orlando 1 Hastings— 

ings — Pedigr. 


Morris, Edward D. — m. Frances Elizabeth 1 

Haskell, Andrew— m. Sabrina 1 Parmelee— 

Parmelee — Pedigr. 


Murray, Elizabeth B— m. Randolph (39) Par- 

Hastings, Seth— m. Eunice 6 Parmelee— Pedigr. 

melee— Pedigr. 

Hendee, Eunice— m. Jahial (38) Parmelee— 

Norton, Abigail— m. Dan (64) Parmelee — 



Hiland (or Highland), Elizabeth — m. Isaac 

Owens, Electa— m. Eurotas Parmelee 1 Hastings 

(9) Parmelee — 225 


Hill, ■, — m. Caleb (13) Parmelee — 225 

Payne, , — m. Anne 8 Parmelee— Pedigr. 

Hill, John — m. Hannah (10) Parmelee — 225 

Peck, Samuel— m. Mary (16) Parmelee— 226 


parmelee MW 

Petite, Theodosia — m. Eurotas Parmelee 7 

Hastings — Pedigr. 
Phillips, Rev. , — ra. Deidamia 7 Parmelee 

Plane, Anne ( ), — m. John (2) Parmelin (or 

Parmelee)— 224, 225 
Prentice, Sawtell — m. Jemima (47) Parmelee 

Probabridge, Julia — m. Charles 1 Hastings — 


Ranslow, George W. — m. Annie M. 1 Parmelee — 

Redway, , — m. Cynthia 7 Parmelee — Pedigr. 

Reed, E. A. — m. Mary 7 (Parmelee) Bliss — Pedigr. 
Rice, Fanny — m. William (59) Parmelee — Pedigr. 
Robinson, Noah — m. Hannah (80) Parmelee — 

Rowe, Fanny — m. Dan (82) Parmelee — Pedigr. 

Rowe, Ruel — m. Mary Rebecca 1 Parmelee — 

Seymour, Mary — m. Thomas (96) Hastings — 

Short, Siloam — m. Rhoda 7 Parmelee — Pedigr. 

Smith (or Hubbard), Mercy (or Mary) ( ) 

— m. Hezekiah (18) Parmelee— 226 

Smith, Washington — m. Eunice Sophia 7 Hast- 
ings — Pedigr. 

Stevens (or Stephens), , — m. Hannah (ro) 

(Parmelee) Hill — 225 

Stevens, Mary — m. Dan (58) Parmelee — Pedigr. 

Stiles, Eunice — m. Thomas John Gould (65) 
Parmelee — Pedigr. 

Tenney, Horace— m. Elizabeth Olive 7 Parmelee 
— Pedigr. 

Trowbridge, Levi — m. Eunice Sophia 7 (Hast- 
ings) Smith — Pedigr. 

Twining, Sutherland Douglas — m. Gertrude 
Maria 8 Tenney — Pedigr. 

Tyler, Mary — m. Charles (79) Parmelee — 

Vail, Elizabeth — m. Truman 1 Hastings — 

Wheeler, Francis B. — m. Charlotte A. 1 Par- 
melee — Pedigr. 

Williams, Mary — m. Truman 7 Hastings — 

Wilson, Amzi — m. a dau. of Joel (60) Parmelee 
— 229 

Yale, Phcebe — m. Tyler 6 Parmelee — Pedigr. 

^onvAnmu Unites 

pp. 235-246 


Abigail 3 — Pedigr. 

Mabel 3 — m. 1. Nichols, 

Benjamin 3 — m. , —(32), 240 and Pedigr. 

2. Griswold — (23), 240 

Benjamin 4 — (31), 240 

Martha 8 — (11), 238 

Carlos— (37), 243 

Martha 3 — m. Churchill— (26), 240 

Charles 3 — m , — (33), 240 and Pedigr. 

Mary 8 — m. Robbins— (3), 238 

Charles G— (3S), 243 

Mary 4 — m. Kellogg— (42), 245 

Daniel 2 — m. Wright— (8), 238 

Mercy 3 — Pedigr. 

Daniel 3 — m. 1. Wheeler, 

Nathaniel 8 — m. Strong— (10), 238 

2. (Sherman) Seelye — (13), 239 

Nathaniel 3 — m. Parker— Pedigr. 

Daniel 5 — (18), 240 

Richard 3 (Bordman) — m. Camp — (12), 239, 

David Sherman 5 — (21), 240 


Elijah 6 — m. , — (19), 240 and Pedigr. 

Eunice 3 — Pedigr. 

Samuel 1 (Boreman)— 

m. 1. Julian , 

2. Mary , — (1), 235-38 and Pedigr. 

Gamaliel 4 — m. Sherman— (41), 245 and Pedigr. 

Samuel 8 — m. Steele — (4), 238 

George Nye 7 — (39), 243 

Samuel 3 — m. Cadwell — Pedigr. 

Hannah 3 — m. Abbe — (25), 240 

Samuel Ward 6 — m. Gilbert — Pedigr. 

H epsi bah 8 — Pedigr. 

Samuel Ward 1 — (36), 241 

Homer 5 — (20), 240 

Sarah 8 — (7), 238 

Isaac 8 — m. Abiah , —(2), 238 

Sarah 4 — m. Parmelee— (40), 245 

Isaac 3 — m. Benton — Pedigr. 

Sherman 4 — m. , — (17), 239 and Pedigr. 

Israel 3 — m. Elizabeth , — (27), 240 and Pedigr. . 

Tamar 4 — m. Taylor— (14), 239 

John 8 -(6), 238 

Thomas 3 — m. 1. Chittenton (or Chittenden), 

John 3 — (24), 240 

2. ( ) Kilbourne, 

Jonathan 9 — m. Hubbert — (9), 238 

3. ( ) Butler— Pedigr. 

Jonathan 8 — m. 1. Holmes, 

Timothy 3 — (28), 240 

2. Beckley — Pedigr. 

Timothy 3 — m. Crane— (29), 240, 241 

Joseph 8 — (5), 238 

Timothy 4 — m. Johnson— (34), 241 

Joseph 3 — Pedigr. 

Timothy 5 — m. Ward— (35), 241-43 and Pedigr. 

Joshua 3 — m. , — (30), 240 and Pedigr. 

William Whiting 6 — (22), 240 

iSoartrman Mtftv 


Taylor, Nathaniel 6 — m. , — (15), 239 and 

Taylor, Nathaniel William 6 — (16), 239 



, Abiah — m. Isaac (2) Boreman — 23S 

Johnson, Jemima — m. Timothy (34) Boardman — 

, Elizabeth— m. Israel (27) Boardman — 



Kellogg, Martin — m. Mary (42) Boardman — 

, Julian — m. Samuel (1) Boreman — Pedigr. 


Kilbourne, Sarah ( ), — m. Thomas 3 Board- 

, Mary — m. Samuel (1) Boreman — 236 

man — Pedigr. 

Abbe, John — m. Hannah (25) Boardman — 240 

Nichols, Josiah — m. Mabel (23) Boardman — 240 

Beckley, Elizabeth — m. Jonathan 3 Boardman — 

Parker, Ruth — m. Nathaniel 3 Boardman — 


Benton, Rebecca — m. Isaac 3 Boardman — Pedigr. 

Parmelee, John — m. Sarah (40) Boardman — 245 

Butler, Hannah ( ), — m. Thomas 3 Board- 

man — Pedigr. 

Robbins, , — m. Mary (3) Boreman — 238 

Cadwell, Mehitabel — m. Samuel 3 Boardman — 

Seelye, Jerusha (Sherman) — m. Daniel (13) 


Boardman — 239 

Camp, Sarah — m. Richard (12) Bordman — 245 

Sherman, Sarah — m. Gamaliel (41) Boardman — 


Chittenton (or Chittenden), Mary — m. 
Thomas 3 Boardman — Pedigr. 

Steele, Sarah — m. Samuel (4) Boreman — 238 

Churchill, Samuel — m. Martha (26) Boardman 

Strong, Elizabeth — m. Nathaniel (10) Boreman 

— 240 


Crane, Hannah — m. Timothy (29) Boardman — 

Taylor, Nathaniel — m. Tamar (14) Boardman 


Gilbert, Ann — m. Samuel Ward 6 Boardman — 

Treat, , — m. Hannah (Wright) Boreman — 


Ward, Mary — m. Timothy (35) Boardman — 

Griswold, John — m. Mabel (23) (Boardman) 


Nichols — 240 

Wheeler, Hannah — m. Daniel (13) Boardman — 

Holmes, Mabel — m. Jonathan 3 Boardman — 



Wright, Hannah — 

Hubbert, Mercy— m. Jonathan (9) Boreman — 

m. 1. Daniel (S) Boreman, 


2. Treat — 238 and Pedigr, 


pp. 247-332 

Abby Lyman 7 — m. Snelling — (154), 300 and 

Abigail 3 — m. Skinner — (97), 282 

Abigail 4 — m. Lee— (118), 289 

Abigail 4 — m. Marvin — (61), 273 and Pedigr. 

Abigail 5 dau. of Joseph — Pedigr. 

Abigail 5 dau. of Richard — Pedigr. 

Abigail 6 — Pedigr. 

Abner 5 — m. Colt — Pedigr. 

Andrew Palmer 5 — (127^), 290 

Ann 2 (or Anne, or Anna) — m. Stanton — (21), 265 

Ann 5 — ra. McCurdy — (147), 299 

Ann 6 — m. Johnson— (171), 307 

Ann Eliza 8 — m. Ingersoll — (197), 312 

Anne 6 — m. Butler— (120), 2S9 

Augustus Aurelian 8 — (149), 300 

Aurelia Bulkeley 8 — m. Haskell— (199), 312 

Ayme 5 (or Aymie, or Amy)— m. Gilbert — (35), 271 

Barnabas 6 — Pedigr. 

Barnabas Tuttle 5 (or Tuthill) — Pedigr. 

Benjamin 3 — m. Pratt— (98), 282 

Benjamin 4 — (99), 282 

Benjamin 6 — Pedigr. 

Betsey 6 — m. Butler— Pedigr. 

Betsey J. 7 — (224), 315 

Bettey 6 — Pedigr. 

Catharine 7 — m. Noyes— (191), 310-11, 318 

Catharine Ellen Howe 8 — m. Hancox — (231), 

Catharine Louisa 9 — Pedigr. 

Charles 9 — Pedigr. 

Charles Backus 7 — (306), 326 

Charles McCurdy 8 — Pedigr. 

Charles Pierpont 9 — Pedigr. 

Charles Strong 9 son of John Pierpont — Pedigr. 

Charles Strong 9 son of Joseph Lyman — Pedigr. 

Claudius Buchanan 7 — (304), 326 

Corinna Mary 8 — Pedigr. 

Cornelia 9 — (88), 280 

Daniel 3 — (103), 2S2 

Daniel 4 — (59), 273 

Daniel 5 — m. Lord — (65), 274 

Daniel 6 — m. Crary — (64), 274-77 

Daniel 7 — m. DeForest— (67), 277-79 

Daniel 9 — m. Bolton — (66), 274, 279 

Daniel 10 — (69), 279 

Daniel Deforest 8 — m. 1. Butler, 

2. Riley— (68), 279 

David 4 — (63), 273 

Deborah 4 — m. Jewett — (117), 289 

Deborah 6 — Pedigr. 

Deborah 5 — (123), 289 

Deborah 5 — (124), 289-90 

Dorothy 2 — m. Ingersoll— (36), 272 

Dorothy 3 — Pedigr. 

Dorothy 5 — (5), 261 

Dorothy 3 — m. Hopson — (100), 282 

Dorothy 4 — m. Booge— (52), 273 


3Lovtr Kntier 

Edith 5 — Pedigr. 

George Deforest 8 — m. Shelton— (89), 280 

Edward Crary 8 — m. Livingston — (87), 280 

George Frederick 8 — m. Newell — Pedigr. 

Elijah 6 — Pedigr. 

George Howe 8 — Pedigr. 

Elisha 5 — Pedigr. 

George Howe 8 — (228), 315 and Pedigr. 

Elisha 6 — m. Haynes — (10), 262-63 

George S. 8 — m. Hawkins — Pedigr. 

Eliza Gates 1 — Pedigr. 

George Washington 1 — m. Mills— (152), 300 and 

Eliza Gates 8 — m. Puffer— Pedigr. 


Elizabeth 4 — (58), 273 

George Washington Lee 1 — 

Elizabeth 4 — m. Watrous— (in), 288 

m. 1. Moore 

2. ( ) Solomon— (235), 316 

Elizabeth 6 dau. of Joseph — Pedigr. 

Georgiana 8 — m. Hill— Pedigr. 

Elizabeth 6 dau. of Richard — Pedigr. 

Gertrude McCurdy 8 — m. Griffin — Pedigr. 

Elizabeth 6 dau. of Theophilus— Pedigr. 

Grace 9 — m. Nicoll— (83), 279 

Elizabeth 6 — (146), 299 

Hannah 3 — m. Stanton — Pedigr. 

Elizabeth 5 — m. Eliot — (163), 301 

Hannah 4 — m. Booge — (47), 273 

Elizabeth 5 — m. Lord — 274 and Pedigr. 

Hannah 6 — Pedigr. 

Elsie 9 — (85), 279 

Hannah 5 — m. King — (126), 290 

Emily 6 — m. Freeman— Pedigr. 

Harriet 1 — (181), 309 

Enoch 6 — m. Marvin — (145), 299, 302-04 

Harriet Angeline 1 — m. Burr — Pedigr. 

Enoch 6 — m. 1. Durfey, 

2. Sill — (194), 311-12 

Helen Louise 8 — Pedigr. 

Epaphras 5 — Pedigr. 

Henry Edwin 1 — 

m. 1. Gill, 

Erastus Aurelian' — m. Dorman — Pedigr. 

2. Butler — (155), 300 and Pedigr. 

Esther 6 — m. Marvin — Pedigr. 

Henry Erastus 8 — Pedigr. 

Esther' — Pedigr. 

Henry Johnson 9 — Pedigr. 

Esther Ann 1 — m. Lord— (236), 306, 316 

Hephsibeth 6 — Pedigr. 

Eunice Noyes 7 — m. Pugh — (225), 315 

Hepzibah 6 — Pedigr. 

Fanny Bolton 10 — (70), 279 

Hepzibah 6 — m. Lee — (295), 322 

Fanny Gates 9 — Pedigr. 

Hepzibah 1 — (188), 310 

Frances A. 8 — m. Strong — Pedigr. 

Hezekiah 4 — m. 1. Fish, 

Frances Anna 9 — m. Ellery — Pedigr. 

2. Backus — (106), 283 

Frances Jane' — (192), 311 

Huldia 5 — Pedigr. 

Frances Maria 1 — m. Mayo — (151), 300 and 

I C H ABO D 5 — Pedigr. 


JABEZ 5 — Pedigr. 

Frances Maria 8 — (150), 300 

James 3 — m. , — (104), 283 

Franklin Butler 9 — m. Hoskins— (71), 279 

James 4 — (105), 2S3 

Frederick 9 — Pedigr. 

James Brown 9 — m. Nicoll — (84), 279 

Frederick William 1 — m. Akerly — (289), 321 

James Couper 8 — m. Brown— (82), 279 



2Lor& miltv 

James Sproat 8 — Pedigr. 

. Julia Ann' — (189), 310 

James Sproat 8 — m. Puffer— Pedigi. 

Laura 5 — Pedigr. 

Jane 4 — m. Ely— (113), 28S 

Lizzie Homans' — Pedigr. 

Jane 6 — m. Noyes— (238), 316-17 

Louis Pierpont 10 — Pedigr. 

Jerusha 5 — m. Whiting— Pedigr. 

Lucy 5 — m. Way — (125), 290 

John'— m. 1. Bushnell? 

2. Baysey — (30), 269-70 
John 3 — (94), 281 

John 4 — m. 1. Ackley, 

2. Crippen— (48), 273 
John 4 — m. 1. Rogers, 

2. Sarah , — (119), 289-90 

Lucy' — (190), 310 

Lydia 4 — m. Reynolds— (116), 2S9 

Lydia 5 — Pedigr. 

Lynde 5 — m. Sheldon— (148), 299-301 

Lynde 6 — (160), 301 

Lynde 6 — m. Lyman — (161), 301 

John 6 — m. Lord — (50), 273 

Lynde 6 — m. Marvin— (279), 320 

John 6 — m. Way — (122), 289 

Maggie' — Pedigr. 

John 6 — m. Chase — (302), 326 

Margaret' — (81), 279 

John 8 — Pedigr. 

Maria Theresa' — Pedigr. 

John Chase'— (303), 326 

Maria Therese 8 — m. Boardman— Pedigr. 

John Crary 8 — m. Hawley — (79), 279 

Martha 4 — m. Hillard — (62), 273 and Pedigr. 

John McHenry 8 — Pedigr. 

Marvin 6 — m. Wolcott— (90), 280 

John Mitchell' — (170), 307 

Marvin 6 — m. , — Pedigr. 

John Pierpont 8 — m. Flanders — (157), 300 and 

Mary 3 — Pedigr. 


Jonathan 4 — m. Bridget , —(44), 273 

Jonathan 6 — m. Rogers — (51), 273 

Joseph 3 — (95), 281 

Joseph 4 — m. Comstock— (56), 273 and Pedigr. 

Joseph 5 — (45), 273 

Joseph 6 — m. Wade — Pedigr. 

Mary 8 — m. Carhart — (34), 271 

Mary 3 — m. Olmstead— (92), 280 

Mary 4 — (55), 273 

Mary 4 — m. Bates — (41), 273 

Mary 4 — m. Pearson (or Pierson)— (115), 2S9 

Mary 5 dau. of Richard — Pedigr. 

Joseph 6 — m. Griffin — (180), 308-09 
Joseph 9 — Pedigr. 

Mary 5 2d — Pedigr. 

Mary 5 dau. of Samuel — Pedigr. 

Joseph Lyman'— 

Mary 5 dau. of William — Pedigr. 

m. 1. Tryon, 

2. Gates — (156), 300 and Pedigr. 

Joseph Lyman 8 — m. 1. Pratt, 

2. Homans — Pedigr. 

Mary 6 — m. Colt— Pedigr. 
Mary 6 — m. Roscoe— Pedigr. 
Mary Ann 9 — m. Childs— Pedigr. 

Joseph Lynde'— Pedigr. 

Mary Frances' — Pedigr. 

Joseph Pierpont' — Pedigr. 

Mary Isabella Howe 8 — m. Gardner — (230), 

Josephine' — m. McCurd) — (193), 311 


Josephine Caroline 8 — m. Smith — (202), 312 

Mary L. e — m. Boardman— Pedigr. 

Hot* Kntrtr 

Mary Sheldon 1 — m. Pierpont — (153), 300 and 

Richard Lynde' — Pedigr. 


Robert' 2 — m. Stanley — (31), 270-71 

Mary Smith 8 — m. Floyd-Jones — (291), 322 

Robert 3 — (32), 271 

Mary Y. 1 — (223), 315 

Robert 3 — m. Esther , — (93), 280 

Matilda 1 — m. Rogers — (280), 320 

Robert Augustus 8 — m. Watson— (198), 312 

Matthew 6 — Pedigr. 

Robert McCurdy 8 — m. Johnson— Pedigr. 

Mehitabel 6 — Pedigr. 

Robert McCurdy 9 — Pedigr. 

Melvin' — (no), 283 

Roger 6 — Pedigr. 

Nancy Marvin 1 — (222), 315 

Rufus 6 — (162), 301 

Nathan 5 — Pedigr. 

Russell 6 — m. Sill — Pedigr. 

Nathaniel 4 — m. Emons (or Emmons)— (46), 273 

Samuel 3 — m. Susannah , —(107), 283 

Nicholas 6 — Pedigr. 

Samuel 4 — m. , —(108), 283 

Perez Gill 8 — m. 1. Dean, 

2. Doane — Pedigr. 

Samuel 4 — m. Ransom— (60), 273 and Pedigr. 

Peter 5 — m. 1. Miner, 

S AM u el 5 — Pedigr. 

2. Gillette— Pedigr. 

Samuel 6 — (128), 290 

Phebe 5 — Pedigr. 

Samuel 5 — m. , — (109), 283 

Phoebe 4 — m. Sill— (112), 28S 

Sarah 3 — Pedigr. 

Phcebe 1 — m. Lucas — (209), 312 

Sarah 3 — m. Colt (or Coult)— (96), 282 and Pedigr. 

Phcebe 1 — m. Noyes — (:82), 309-10 

Sarah 3 — m. Haynes — (4), 261, 262 

Phcebe Lucretia 8 — m. Day— (72), 279 

Sarah 4 — m. Skinner — (43), 273 

Pierpont Flanders 9 — Pedigr. 

Sarah 5 dau. of Samuel — Pedigr. 

Reinold 6 — Pedigr. 

Sarah 5 dau. of Theophilus — Pedigr. 

Reuben 6 — Pedigr. 

Sarah 5 dau. of William — Pedigr. 

Reynold 6 — Pedigr. 

Sa*ah 5 — (49), 273 

Richard- — m. Graves — (2), 257-59 

Sarah 6 — m. Wood — (121), 289 

Richard 3 — m. Hyde— (91), 280, 283-88 

Sarah 6 — Pedigr. 

Richard 8 — m. Smith— (3), 261 

Sarah 8 — m. Howells — (86), 279 

Richard 4 — m. Lynde — (114), 288, 290-97 

Sarah 8 — m. Matson — Pedigr. 

Richard 4 — m. Warren — (6), 261-62 

Sarah Ann 1 — m. McCurtly— (169), 307 

Richard 6 son of Richard — Pedigr. 

Sarah F. 8 — m. Gatterson— Pedigr. 

Richard 6 2d— Pedigr. 

Sarah Holdrege 8 — m. Smith — (234), 316 

Richard 6 son of Thomas — Pedigr. 

Sarah Read 1 — m. Marvin— (219), 315 

Richard 5 — (129), 297 

Scott 1 — (307), 326 

Richard 5 — m. Wyllys — (9), 262 

Silas 6 — Pedigr. 

Richard 6 — m. Mitchell — (165), 304-06 

Stephen Johnson 1 — m. McCurdy — (168), 306-07 

Richard 8 — Pedigr. 

Susan Deforest 9 — (80), 279 

Richard Lynde 1 — m. Lord — (167), 306, 316 

Susanna 6 — Pedigr. 

aottf Knirev 

Susannah 5 — m. Lathrop — (130), 297 

William 2 — m. 1. , 

Sylvanus 5 — Pedigr. 

2. Brown — (29), 267-69 

Taphena 6 — m. Mack— Pedigr. 

William 8 — m. Shayler— (40), 273 

Taphenia 6 (or Tryphena)— Pedigr. 

William 4 — m. Hannah , —(42), 273 

Theodore Akerly 8 — (290), 321 

William 5 — m. Tabitha , — Pedigr. 

Theophilus 4 — m. Mack— (57), 273 and Pedigr. 

William 6 — Pedigr. 

Theophilus 6 — Pedigr. 

William 8 — m. 1. Mather, 

2. Howe— (237), 316 

Thomas 1 — m. Dorothy , — (1), 249-57 

William Allen Holdrege 8 — (227), 315 and 

Thomas 2 — m. Thurston— (20), 263-65 


Thomas 3 — (33), 271 

William Gates 8 — Pedigr. 

Thomas 3 — m. Lee — (53), 273 

William Gates 9 — m. Vogdes— Pedigr. 

Thomas 4 — m. Marvin — (54), 273 and Pedigr. 

William Lucas 8 — (196), 312 

Thomas 6 — Pedigr. 

William Marvin 7 — m. Howe— (226), 315 

Thomas B. 7 — Pedigr. 

William Mitchell 7 — (166), 306 

Thomas Durfey 7 — m. Bulkeley— (195), 312 

Thomas Howe 8 — (229), 315 

William Rufus 7 — Pedigr. 

Ursula 6 — m. Hawes — Pedigr. 

William Rufus 8 — Pedigr. 

Walter 9 — Pedigr. 

William Wilberforce 7 — (305), 326 



Allen, Archibald Livingston 10 — Pedigr. 

Bradley, Augustus Eliot 8 — m. Bushnell — 

Allen, Clement Hancox 10 — Pedigr. 


Allen, Florence Rossman 10 — Pedigr. 

Bradley, Elisha Kirtland 8 — Pedigr. 

Allen, William Clarence 10 — Pedigr. 

Bradley, Frank Eliot 9 — Pedigr. 

Avery, Amos Walker 8 — m. McCutcheon — 

Bradley, Gertrude Elizabeth 8 — (300), 324 


Bradley, Hattie Eliot 8 — Pedigr. 

Avery, Casper 9 — m. Putnam — Pedigr. 

Bradley, Lucy Maria 8 — (301), 324 

Avery, Elroy M. 10 — m. Tilden — Pedigr. 

Brockway, Diodate 7 — m. Hall— (135), 297 

Bacon, Anna F. 9 — m. Cox — (7), 262 

Brockway-, John Hall 8 — (136), 297-9S 

Bacon, Catharine S. 9 — m. Stillman — Pedigr. 

Brockway, Maria 7 — m. Strong — (137), 298 

Bacon, Elisha S. 9 — Pedigr. 

Bulkeley, Mary Ann 8 — m. Brandegee — (178^ 

Bacon, Francis 9 — m. Hawes— (8), 262 and Pedigr. 


Bacon, George F. 9 — Pedigr. 

Bulkeley, Sylvester 8 — (179), 308 

Bacon, Margaret A. 9 — Pedigr. 

Bulkeley, William 8 — m. Belden— (177), 308 

Bradley, Augustus Eliot 8 — Pedigr. 

Burns, Ethel May 10 — Pedigr. 

Hot* totter 

Burns, Walter Spencer Morgan" — Pedigr. 

Denison, Esther 6 — m. Wheeler — Pedigr. 

Burns, William 10 — Pedigr. 

Denison, George 6 — m. Dodge — Pedigr. 

Burrows, Esther 6 — m. Packer— Pedigr. 

Denison, Mercy 6 — m. Burrows — Pedigr. 

Cary, Catherine Mary 10 — Pedigr. 

Denison, William 4 — m. Gallup — Pedigr. 

Cary, Lucius Plant agenet 10 — (217), 315 

Dix, Mary 7 — m. Harris — Pedigr. 

Cary, Mary Selina" — Pedigr. 

Dodge, Edwin 9 — Pedigr. 

Chadwick, Alice Esther 10 — Pedigr. 

Dodge, Gertrude Lansing 9 — Pedigr. 

Chadwick, Anna Bertha 9 — (251), 318 

Dodge, Katharine Noyes 9 — Pedigr. 

Chadwick, Charles Noyes 9 — m. Caruth — (250), 

Dodge, Richard Percival 9 — Pedigr. 


Dodge, Robert Griffin 9 — Pedigr. 

Chadwick, Ellen Noyes 10 — Pedigr. 

Eliot, Augustus 6 — m. Kirkland — (298), 324 and 

Chadwick, Ernest 9 — (252), 318 


Chadwick, George Brewster 10 — Pedigr. 

Eliot, Caroline Elizabeth 7 — ra. Stanton — 

Chadwick, Mary Meeke 10 — Pedigr. 

Chauncey, Charles 8 — Pedigr. 

Chauncey, Charles 9 — Pedigr. 

Chauncey, Elihu 8 — Pedigr. 

Chauncey, Elihu 9 — Pedigr. {wrongly printed 

Eliot, Catharine 6 — m. Gates — Pedigr. 
Eliot, Elizabeth 6 — m. Wilcox — Pedigr. 
Eliot, Emma 7 — m. May — Pedigr. 
Eliot, Jared 6 — m. Lewis— Pedigr. 
Eliot, Lynde 6 — ra. Gates — Pedigr. 

Chauncey, Nathaniel 8 — m. Salisbury — Pedigr. 

Eliot, Nancy 6 — m. Lay — Pedigr. 

Chauncey, Sarah 8 — m. Woolsey — Pedigr. 

Eliot, Richard 6 — m. Gregory — Pedigr. 

Cutter, Georgiana Lucas 9 — m. Pratt — (212), 

Eliot, Susan Anne 7 — m. Bradley — (299), 324 
and Pedigr. 

Darling, Abigail' — m. Chauncey — (14), 263 

Ely, Charles Ford 9 — (264), 319 

Darling, Charles Chauncey 8 — m. Dana — (16), 

263 and Pedigr. 
Darling, Charles W. 9 — m. Robertson — (17), 

263 and Pedigr. 

Ely, Enoch Noyes 8 — 
ra. 1. Ford, 

2. Walters— (262), 319 and Pedigr. 
Ely, Esther Jane 8 — m. Walter— Pedigr. 

Darling, Elisha Colt 9 — Pedigr. 

Ely, Frances 8 — Pedigr. 

Darling, Samuel 7 — m. Ely— (15), 263 and Pedigr. 

Ely, John N. 9 — 

m. 1. Baker, 

Day, Eliza Skinner 9 — m. Ingliss— (75), 279 

2. Barrington — (259), 319 and Pedigr. 

Day, George Deforest Lord 9 — (77), 279 

Ely, Joseph Christopher 8 — /VoYjr. 

Day, Henry 9 — (73), 279 

Ely, Joseph Christopher 9 — ra. Tooker — (263), 

Day, John Lord 9 — (76), 279 

Day, Sarah Lord 9 — m. McCormick — (74), 279 


Ely, Mary Ann N. s — m. Gray— (265), 319 and 

Day, Susan Lord 9 — (7S), 279 
Denison, Dorothy'— m. 1. , 

Ely, Mary Jane 9 — m. Noyes — (260), 318, 319 
Ely, William Noyes 8 — (261), 319 

3. , — Pedigr. 

Floyd-Jones, Edward Henry 9 — (294), 322 

nova Xutrtr 

Floyd-Jones, Helen Watts 9 — (292), 322 

Harris, William Cary 10 — Pedigr. 

Floyd-Jones, Louisa Akerly 9 — m. Thorn — 
(293), 322 and Pedigr. 

Ford, William Lucas' — (214), 313 

Haskell, Josephine C. 9 — m. Williams — (200), 312 
Haskell, Mary Wills 9 — m. Wyman — (201), 312 
and Pedigr. 

Gardner, Mabel 9 — Pedigr. 

Hawes, Emily 7 — m. Dillenbeck — Pedigr. 

Gates, Catharine Ann' — Pedigr. 

Hawes, Josiah L. 7 — Pedigr. 

Gilbert, Amy 3 — Pedigr. 

Haynes, John 4 — m. (— -) Glover — (18), 263 and 

Gilbert, Dorothy 3 — m. Palmer — Pedigr. 
Gilbert, Elizabeth 3 — Pedigr. 
Gilbert, James 3 — Pedigr. 
Gilbert, John 3 — Pedigr. 
Gilbert, John 3 2d— Pedigr. 

Haynes, Mabel 4 — Pedigr. 
Haynes, Mary 4 — Pedigr. 

Haynes, Mary 5 — m. 1. Lord, 

2. Saltonstall, 

3. Clap— (19), 263 

Gilbert, Joseph 3 — m. 1. Griswold, 

2. Smith — Pedigr. 

Gilbert, Thomas 3 — m. Beaumont — Pedigr. 

Gray, David W. 9 — m. Shurlock — (266), 319 and 

Gray, Ellen Noyes 9 — (270), 319 and Pedigr. 

Gray, Frances Ely 9 — (269), 319 and Pedigr. 

Gray, Martha Eunice 9 — m. Warner— (267), 319 
and Pedigr. 

Haynes, Sarah 4 — m. Pierpont — (n), 262 
Hewitt, Mary 7 — m. Wheeler — Pedigr. 
Hopson, John 4 — (101), 2S2 
Hopson, Sarah 4 — (102), 282 
Huntington, Anna Lord 9 — Pedigr. 
Huntington, Curtis Diodati 9 — Pedigr. 
Huntington, Helen Townsend 9 — Pedigr. 
Huntington, Joseph Selden 8 — m. Curtis — (174), 

Gray, Mary 9 — m. Merryman — (268), 319 and 

Huntington, Joseph Selden 9 — (175), 307 

Griffin, Augusta Neilson 9 — Pedigr. 

Ingersoll, Dorothy 8 — 

Griffin, Sarah Lord 9 — Pedigr. 
Grosvenor, Ellen Gurley 9 — (277), 319 
Grosvenor, Harriet Ely 9 — (27S), 319 

m. 1. Phelps, 

2. Root— (3S), 272 and Pedigr. 

Ingersoll, Hannah 3 — m. Kelsey— (37), 272 and 

Grosvenor, Sarah Elizabeth 9 — (276), 319 

Halsey, Jeremiah 6 — (see, in Pedigr., Sarah 6 

Ingersoll, Margery 3 (Marjory or Margary) — 
m. 1. Goffe, 

2. Buck — (39), 272 and Pedigr. 

Hancox, Catharine Ellen 9 — m. Allen— (232), 

Johnson, Ann 7 — m. Huntington— (173), 307 


Hancox, Joseph Wright 9 — m. Nelson —(233), 

Hancox, Leo Nelson 10 — Pedigr. 

Harris, Edward Doubleday 9 — m. Wheelock — 
(22), 265 and Pedigr. 

Johnson, Catharine 7 — m. Matson — (172), 307 
Johnson, Diodate 7 — Pedigr. 

Johnson, Elizabeth 7 — m. Peck — Pedigr. 
Johnson, Mary 7 — m. Bulkeley — (176), 30S 
Kibbe, Hannah 6 — m. Larcom — Pedigr. 

Harris, Katherine Brattle 10 — Pedigr. 

Harris, Thaddeus William 8 — m. Holbrook — 
(23), 265 and Pedigr. 

King, Thomas Butler 6 — m. Page— (127), 290 
and Pedigr. 

Kirby, Charles Noyes 9 — Pedigr. 


aottr mrstv 

Kirby, Daniel Noyes 9 — Pedigr. 

Lucas, Georgiana 8 — m. Cutter— (211), 313 

Kirby, Edmund Burgis 9 — Pedigr. 

Lucas, Henrietta Collins 8 — m. Ford — (213), 313 

Kirby, Julian Noyes 9 — Pedigr. 

Lucas, Mary Jane 8 — m. Reade — (210), 313 

Kirby, Robert Spencer 9 — Pedigr. 

Ludington, Arthur Crosby 9 — Pedigr. 

Kirby, Winchester Scott 9 — Pedigr. 

Ludington, Charles Henry 9 — Pedigr. 

Larcom, Anne Cornelia 8 — m. Lewis — Pedigr. 

Ludington, Helen Gilman 9 — Pedigr. 

Larcom, John 6 — m. , — Pedigr. 

Ludington, Katharine 9 — Pedigr. 

Larcom, Thomas 1 — m. , — Pedigr. 

Ludington, Mary Louise 9 — Pedigr. 

Lathrop, Abby Adgate 1 — Pedigr. 

Ludington, William Howard 9 — Pedigr. 

Lathrop, Anna 6 — (133), 297 

Lynde, Dorothy 6 — m. Dix— Pedigr. 

Lathrop, Charles Henry 8 — m. , — Pedigr. 

Lynde, Joseph 6 — m. Lemmon — Pedigr. 

Lathrop, Elijah 6 — m. Kibbe— (131), 297 

Lynde, Sarah 5 — m. 1. Phillips, 

Lathrop, Eunice 6 — m. Brockway — (134), 297 

2. Mousal, 

3. Cheever — Pedigr. 

Lathrop, Eunice Adgate 8 — Pedigr. 

Mack, Adeline L. 1 — Pedigr. 

Lathrop, Franklin Kinney 8 — Pedigr. 

Mack, Alfred Wolcott 1 — m. Jewett— Pedigr. 

Lathrop, Frederick Moore 8 — (144), 298-99 

Mack, Ellen Elizabeth 8 — m. Sterling— Pedigr. 

Lathrop, Grover L'Hommedieu' — Pedigr. 

Mack, Emily 1 — m. Bagley — Pedigr. 

Lathrop, Gurdon 6 — m. Pember — (142), 298 

Mack, Enoch 1 — m. , — Pedigr. 

Lathrop, Hannah 6 — m. Williams — (132), 297 

Mack, H. Q. 8 — Pedigr. 

Lathrop, Harriet Eunice 8 — Pedigr. 

Mack, John B. 1 — Pedigr. 

Lathrop, Jerusha 6 — (138), 298 

Mack, William G. 1 — Pedigr. 

Lathrop, John 1 — m. 1. Moore, 

2. Bacon — (143), 298 

Marvin, Frances 8 — m. Stone — (220), 315 

Lathrop, John Adgate 8 — m. Cottrell — Pedigr. 

Marvin, Lucas 8 — m. Lucy , — (221), 315 and 

Lathrop, Lynde 6 — 


m. t. Adgate, 

Matson, Stephen 8 — m. VanBergen — Pedigr. 

2. L'Hommedieu— (141), 298 

May, Henry Edwin 8 — m. Brainard — Pedigr. 

Lathrop, Nancy 6 — m. Niles— (139), 298 

May, John 8 — m. Stevens — Pedigr. 

Lathrop, Simon 6 — 

m. 1. Wetmore, 

May, Lynde Eliot 8 — Pedigr. 

2. (Green) Davis — (140), 298 

May, Richard Edwards 8 — m. Bailey — Pedigr. 

Lathrop, Washington Adgate 8 — m. , 

May, Statira Emma 8 — m. Huntington— Pedigr. 


Morgan, Anne Tracy 10 — Pedigr. 

Lathrop, William Bacon 8 — m. , — Pedigr. 

Morgan, Caroline Lucy 10 — Pedigr. 

Lee, Enoch Ladd 1 — (296), 322 


Morgan, George Denison 10 — Pedigr. 

Lee, Harriet 1 — (297), 322 

Morgan, John Junius 10 — Pedigr. 

Loveland, Charles Noyes 9 — Pedigr. 

Morgan, John Pierpont 9 — 

Loveland, George 9 — Pedigr. 

m. 1. Sturges, 

Loveland, Josephine Noyes 9 — Pedigr. 

2. Tracy— (159), 301 and Pedigr. 


2Lorir KntKtr 

Morgan, John Pierpont 10 — Pedigr. 

Morgan, Juliet Pierpont 9 — m. Morgan — 

Morgan, Juliet Pierpont 10 — Pedigr. 
Morgan, Junius Spencer 9 — Pedigr. 
Morgan, Junius Spencer 10 — Pedigr. 
Morgan, Louisa Tracy 10 — Pedigr. 
Morgan, Mary Lyman 9 — m. Burns— Pedigr. 
Morgan, Sarah Spencer 9 — m. Morgan — Pedigr. 
Morgan, Ursula Juliet 10 — Pedigr. 
Noyes, Abigail 6 — m. Darling— (13), 263 
Noyes, Ann 4 — Pedigr. 
Noyes, Caro Lord 9 — Pedigr. 
Noyes, Caroline Lydia 8 — m. Kirby— (183), 310 

Noyes, Charles Phelps 8 — m. Gilman— (187), 
310 and Pedigr. 

Noyes, Charles R.»— Pedigr. 

Noyes, Charles Reinold 9 — Pedigr. 

Noyes, Charles Rockwell 8 — (255), 318 

Noyes, Clarissa Dutton 9 — Pedigr. 

Noyes, Daniel Raymond 9 — Pedigr. 

Noyes, Daniel Rogers 8 — m. Gilman— (185), 310 
and Pedigr. 

Noyes, Dorothy 4 — m. Treat— Pedigr. 

Noyes, Ellen 8 — m. Chadwick— (249), 318 
Noyes, Emily Hoffman 9 — Pedigr. 
Noyes, Enoch 1 — m. 1. Dutton, 

2. Lord— (24S), 31S 
Noyes, Enoch 8 — m. Banning— (256), 318 
Noyes, Enoch 9 — Pedigr. 
Noyes, Eunice'— m. Ely— (258), 318 
Noyes, Evelyn McCurdy 9 — Pedigr. 
Noyes, Francis 9 — Pedigr. 

Noyes, George Griffin 8 — m. Parsons — (245), 317 
Noyes, George Moore 9 — (241), 317 
Noyes, Harry 9 — Pedigr. 
Noyes, Helen Gilman 9 — Pedigr. 
Noyes, Henry 8 — m. Ely— (253), 318 

Noyes, James 4 — m. Sandford— Pedigr. 
Noyes, Jane 9 — Pedigr. 
Noyes, John 4 — m. 1. Gallup, 

2. (Bradford) Whiting— Pedigr. 
Noyes, John 8 — m. 1. Colton, 

2. (Schieffelin) Sill— (240), 317 
Noyes, John Ely 9 — (254), 318 
Noyes, Joseph 4 — m. Pierpont — Pedigr. 
Noyes, Joseph 1 — m. Gurley — (271), 319 
Noyes, Joseph 8 — (246), 318 
Noyes, Josephine 9 — Pedigr. 

Noyes, Josephine Lord 8 — m. Ludington — (186), 

Noyes, Julia Gilman 9 — Pedigr. 

Noyes, Julia Lord 8 — m. Loveland — (1841,310 

Noyes, Katharine McCurdy 9 — Pedigr. 

Noyes, Laura 9 — Pedigr. 

Noyes, Martha 8 — (257), 318 

Noyes, Martha 9 — Pedigr. 

Noyes, Martha Jane 8 — m. Dodge— (247), 318 

Noyes, Mary Gurley 8 — m. Selden — (272), 319 

Noyes, Matthew 9 — (242), 317 

Noyes, Moses 4 — Pcdisrr. 

Noyes, Riciiarh 7 - 

1. Noyes, 

2. Griffin— (239), 317 

Noyes, Richard 8 — m. Chadwick— (243), 317 
Noyes, Robert Hale 9 — Pedigr. 
Noyes, Thomas 4 — m. Sandford— Pedigr. 
Noyes, Ursula Wolcott 8 — m. Grosvenor — (275), 

Noyes, Walter Chadwick' — (244), 317 
Noyes, William 9 — Pedigr. 
Noyes, Winthrop Sargent Gilman 9 — Pedigr. 
Packer, Mercy 1 — m. Avery — Pedigr. 
Phelps, -Hannah 4 — m. Kibbe— Pedigr. 
Pierpont, Abigail 6 — m. Noyes — (12), 262 
Pierpont, John 8 — m. Sibley— Pedigr. 
Pierpont, Juliet 8 — m. Morgan— (158), 301 

Hot* KxiUtV 

Prentice, Jonas 5 — m. Denison — Pedigr. 

Smith, Chetwood 9 — (20S), 312 

Prentice, Mary 6 — m. Swan — Pedigr. 

Smith, Frank Bulkeley 9 — (205), 312 

Prentice, Samuel 4 — m. Hammond — Pedigr. 

Smith, Henry Witter 9 — (206), 312 

Randall, Charles 8 — m. King — Pedigr. 

Smith, Hilliard Howe 9 — Pedigr. 

Randall, Frank E. 10 — (24), 265 

Smith, John Lord 9 — Pedigr. 

Randall, Paul King' — m. Eldridge — Pedigr. 

Smith, Josephine Lord 9 — (207), 312 

Reade, Katharine Livingston 9 — m. Strahan — 

Smith, Robert Lord 9 — Pedigr. 

(215), 313-14 
Reade, Mary 9 — m. Cary — (216), 315 
Reade, Robert Livingston 9 — (218), 315 
Rogers, Charlotte Augusta 8 — m. Swan — 

(281), 320 
Rogers, Helen 8 — m. Stone— (28S), 320 

Smith, William Lord 9 — Pedigr. 

Smith, William Lord 9 — (204), 312 

Stanton, Adam 6 — m. Treat — Pedigr. 

Stanton, Daniel 3 — m. Wheeler?— (28), 267 and 

Stanton, Daniel 4 — m. 1. Babcock, 

Selden, Grosvenor 9 — m. Deaton — (274), 319 

2. Brown — Pedigr. 

Selden, Mary 9 — (273), 319 

Stanton, Dorothy 3 — m. Noyes— (26), 265 

Selden, Richard Lord 8 — Pedigr. 

Stanton, Dorothy 4 — m. 1. Lynde, 

Skinner, Abigail'— Pedigr. 
Skinner, Abigail 7 2d— Pedigr. 

2. Trerice, 

3. (or 4.) Frink, 

4. (or 3.) , 

Skinner, Abigail 8 — Pedigr. 

5. Denison — Pedigr. 

Skinner, Catharine 8 — Pedigr. 

Stanton, Hannah 3 — m. Palmer — Pedigr. 

Skinner, Charles 8 — Pedigr. 

Stanton, Hannah 6 — m. Hewitt — Pedigr. 

Skinner, Daniel 1 — Pedigr. 

Stanton, John 3 — m. Thompson — Pedigr. 

Skinner, Daniel 8 — Pedigr. 

Stanton, John 5 — m. Richardson — Pedigr. 

Skinner, Ebenezer 4 — m. Lord — 273 and Pedigr. 

Stanton, John 1 — m. Eliot — Pedigr. 

Skinner, Elisha 1 — m. 1. Pratt, 

Stanton, John Adam 8 — (164), 302 and Pedigr. 

2. Webster — Pedigr. 

Stanton, Joseph 3 — m. 1. Mead, 

Skinner, Elisha 8 — Pedigr. 
Skinner, Harriett 8 — Pedigr. 
Skinner, Hezekiah 8 — Pedigr. 
Skinner, Jerusha 1 — Pedigr. 
Skinner, John 8 — Pedigr. 
Skinner, Nancy 8 — m. Bacon — Pedigr. 
Skinner, Sarah 1 — Pedigr. 
Skinner, Sarah 1 2d — Pedigr. 
Skinner, Theodore 1 — Pedigr. 

2. Lord, 

3. Prentiss — Pedigr. 

Stanton, Joseph 4 — m. Cheesbrough — Pedigr. 

Stanton, Joseph 6 — m. Wheeler — Pedigr. 

Stanton, Lewis Eliot 8 — Pedigr. 

Stanton, Mary 3 — m. Rogers — Pedigr. 

Stanton, Robert 3 — m. (?) Gardner — Pedigr. 

Stanton, Samuel 3 — m. Denison— Pedigr. 

Stanton, Sarah 3 — 

m. 1. Prentice, 

Skinner, William 1 — Pedigr. 

2. Denison— (27), 265 and Pedigr. 

Smith, Caroline Bulkeley 9 — Pedigr. 

Stanton, Sarah 5 — m. Halsey — Pedigr. 

Smith, Charles Worcester 9 — (203), 312 

Stanton, Thomas 3 — m. Denison — Pedigr. 

Hova Kntrtp 

Sterling, Albert Mack''— Pedigr. 

Wheeler, Richard Anson 8 — (25), 265 

Sterling, Bessie Mary 9 — Pedigr. 

Wheeler, Richard C. 8 — Pedigr. 

Swan, Ada Augusta 9 — m. Bannister— (285), 320 

Whiting, Allyn 6 — Pedigr. 

Swan, Helen Lizzie 9 — (2S6), 320 

Whiting, Ann 1 — Pedigr. 

Swan, Isabel 10 — (283), 320 

Whiting, Elizabeth 6 — Pedigr. 

Swan, Mary 7 — m. Randall— Pedigr. 

Whiting, Jerusha 6 — m. Skinner — Pedigr. 

Swan, Mary Louise 9 — m. Bugbee — (287), 320 

Whiting, John 6 — Pedigr. 

Swan, Thomas Walter 9 — m. Maynard — (2S2), 

Whiting, Mary 6 — Pedigr. 


Whiting, Samuel 6 — Pedigr. 

Swan, Walter 10 — (284), 320 

Whiting, Sarah 6 — Pedigr. 

Wheeler, Hannah 8 — Pedigr. 

Whiting, William 6 — Pedigr. 

Wheeler, Mary 8 — Pedigr. 

Wilcox, Eliza 1 — m. Selden — Pedigr. 

Wheeler, Richard 6 — m. Burrows — Pedigr. 
Wheeler, Richard'— m. 1. Gallup, 

Wilcox, Jared Eliot 1 — Pedigr. 

2. Hewitt — Pedigr. 


, Bridget — m. Jonathan (44) Lord — 273 

Bacon, George — m. Nancy 8 Skinner — Pedigr. 

, Dorothy — m. Thomas (1) Lord — 249-57 

Bagley, , — m. Emily 1 Mack — Pedigr. 

, Esther — m. Robert (93) Lord— 280 

Bailey, Viola E. — m. Richard Edwards 8 May — 

, Hannah — m. William (42) Lord — 273 


, Lucy — m. Lucas (221) Marvin — Pedigr. 

Baker, Eliza LeFevre — m. John N. (259) Ely — 

, Sarah — m. John (119) Lord — 289 

Banning, Laura Lay — m. Enoch (256) Noyes — 

, Susannah — m. 1. Samuel (107) Lord, 


2. Daniel Bartlett — 283 

Bannister, Frederick W. — m. Ada Augusta 

, Tabitha — m. William 5 Lord — Pedigr. 

(285) Swan— 320 

Ackley, Hannah — m. John (48) Lord — 273 

Barrington, Anne — m. John N. (259) Ely— 

Adgate, Abigail — m. Lynde (141) Lathrop — 298 

Akerly, Louisa Smith — m. Frederick William 

Bartlett, Daniel — m. Susannah ( ) Lord — 

Bascom, Abigail — m. John Ingersoll — Pedigr. 
Bates, James— m. Mary (41) Lord— 273 

(289) Lord— 321 
Allen, William G. — m. Catharine Ellen (232) 
Hancox— 316 

Avery, Abraham — m. Mercy 1 Packer — Pedigr. 

Baysey, Adrean— m. John (30) Lord— 269 

Babcock, Mary — m. Daniel 4 Stanton — Pedigr. 

Beaumont, Deborah — m. Thomas 3 Gilbert — 

Belden, Luana— m. William (177) Bulkeley— 

Backus, Zerviah— m. Hezekiah (106) Lord— 283 

Bacon, Eunice— m. John (143) Lathrop— 298 


&ot*r mXftv 

Boardman, Gorham — m. Mary L. 8 Lord — 

Boardman, Joseph M. — m. Maria Therese 6 Lord 

Bolton, Sylvie Livingston — m. Daniel (66) 

Lord — 279 
Booge, John — m. Hannah (47) Lord — 273 
Booge, William — m. Dorothy (52) Lord — 273 

Bradley, Hiram — m. Susan Anne (299) Eliot — 
Pedigr. • 

Brainard, Sophia A. — m. Henry Edwin* May — 

Brandegee, John— m. Mary Ann (17S) Bulkeley 

Brockway, Thomas — m. Eunice (134) Lathrop— 

Brown, Elizabeth — m. Daniel 4 Stanton — 

Brown, Lydia— m. William (29) Lord— 267 

Brown, Margaretta — m. James Couper (82) 

Lord — 279 
Buck, Jonathan — m. Margery (39) (Ingersoll) 

Gofie— Pedigr. 

Bugbee, James — m. Mary Louise (287) Swan — 

Bulkeley, Caroline Loomis — m. Thomas 

Durfey (195) Lord— 312 
Bulkeley, Sylvester — m. Mary (176) Johnson 

Burns, Walter Hayes — m. Mary Lyman 9 

Morgan — Pedigr. 
Burr, Enoch Fitch — m. Harriet Angeline' Lord 

— Pedigr. 

Burrows, Hubbard — m. Mercy 5 Denison — 

Burrows, Silence — m. Richard 6 Wheeler — 

Bushnell, Alice E. — m. Augustus Eliot 8 Bradley 
— Pedigr. 

Bushnell, Rebecca— m. (?) John (30) Lord — 269 

Butler, Asa — m. Betsey 6 Lord — Pedigr. 

Butler, Mary — m. Daniel DeForest (68) Lord 

Butler, Mary W. — m. Henry Edwin (155) Lord 

Butler, Zebulon — m. Anne (120) Lord — 2S9 

Carhart, Thomas — m. Mary (34) Lord — 271 

m. Charles Noyes (250) 

m. Mary (216) 

•m. Richard 

Caruth, Alice An 
Chadwick— 318 

Cary, Byron Plantagenet ■ 
Read e— 315 

Chadwick, Catharine DeWolf- 
(243) Noyes— 317 

Chadwick, Daniel — m. Ellen (249) Noyes — 318 
Chadwick, John Mather — m. Edwardanna 

(Schieffelin) Sill Noyes— 317 
Chase, Sarah — m. John (302) Lord— 326 

Chauncey, Charles — m. Abigail (14) Darling — 

Cheesbrough, Margaret — m. Joseph 4 Stanton 

— Pedigr. 
Cheever, Ezekiel — m. Sarah 6 (Lynde) Phillips 

Mousal — Pedigr. 
Childs, William — m. Mary Ann 9 Lord — Pedigr. 
Clap, Thomas— m. Mary (19) (Haynes) Lord 

Saltonstall— 263 
Colt, John — m. Mary 6 Lord — Pedigr. 
Colt (or Coult), John— m. Sarah (96) Lord — 

282 and Pedigr. 
Colt, Temperance — m. Abner 5 Lord — Pedigr. 
Colton, Anne — m. John (240) Noyes — 317 

Comstock, Abigail — 

m. 1. Joseph (56) Lord, 

2. Josiah DeWolf— Pedigr. 

Cottrell, Lucy Louisa — m. John Adgate 8 

Lathrop — Pedigr. 
Coult, John — see Colt 

Cox, Samuel H. — m. Anna F. (7) Bacon— 262 
Crary, Phebe — m. Daniel (64) Lord — 274 
Crippen, Experience — m. John (48) Lord — 273 
Curtis, Sarah Elizabeth — m. Joseph Selden 

(174) Huntington— 307 

Cutter, Stephen Starr — 

m. 1. Adaline A. Estabrook, 
2. Georgiana (211) Lucas — 313 

nova mrttv 

Dana, Adeline Eliza — m. Charles Chauncey 
(16) Darling— Pedigr. 

Darling, Thomas— m. Abigail (13) Noyes— 263 

Davis, Amelia (Green)— m. Simon (140) Lathrop 

Day, Henry— m. Phcebe Lucretia (72) Lord— 279 

Dean, H.— m. Perez Gill 8 Lord— Pedigr. 

Deaton, Clara Etta — m. Grosvenor (274) 
Selden — 319 

Deforest, Susan — m. Daniel (67) Lord— 277 

Denison, Borodal — m. Samuel 3 Stanton — 

Denison, Lucy— m. Jonas 5 Prentice— Pedigr. 

Denison, Robert— m. Dorothy 4 (Stanton) Lynde 
Trerice Frink — Pedigr. 

Denison, Sarah— m. Thomas 3 Stanton— Pedigr. 
Denison, William — m. Sarah (27) (Stanton) 
Prentice — Pedigr. 

DeWolf, Josiah— m. Abigail (Comstock) Lord 

Dillenbeck, , — m. Emily 1 Hawes— Pedigr. 

Dix, Elijah— m. Dorothy 6 Lynde— Pedigr. 

Doane, Blanche— m. Perez Gill 8 Lord— Pedigr. 

Dodge, Hannah — m. George 5 Denison — Pedigr. 

Dodge, William Robert — m. Martha Jane (247) 
Noyes — 31S 

Dorman, Charlotte — m. Erastus Aurelian 1 
Lord— Pedigr. 

Durfey, Esther— m. Enoch (194) Lord— 311 

Dutton, Clarissa — m. Enoch (24S) Noyes — 31S 

Eldridge, Harriet Louise — m. Paul King 9 
Randall— Pedigr. 

Eliot, Caroline Elizabeth 1 — m. John 1 Stanton 

Eliot, Jared — m. Elizabeth (163) Lord — 301 

Ellery, William P. — m. Frances Anna 9 Lord — 

Ely, Clarinda — m. Samuel (15) Darling — Pedigr. 

Ely, John Christopher — m. Eunice (258) Noyes 

Ely, Mary Jane (260) — m. Henry (253) Noyes 

—318, 319 
Ely, Samuel — m. Jane (113) Lord — 28S 

Emmons, Jonathan — m. Esther (Man-in) Lord — 

Emons (or Emmons), Hannah — m. Nathaniel 
(46) Lord— 273 

Estabrook, Adaline A. — m. Stephen Starr 
Cutter— Pedigr. 

Fish, Sarah — m. Hezekiah (106) Lord — 283 

Flanders, Mary Ann— m. John Pierpont (157) 
Lord— Pedigr. 

Floyd-Jones, Edward — m. Mary Smith (291) 
Lord — 322 

Ford, George Dewey— m. Henrietta Collins 
(213) Lucas— 313 

Ford, Margaret— m. Enoch Noyes (262) Ely — 

Freeman, Nicholas Vincent— m. Emily 6 Lord 

Frink, Thomas— m. Dorothy 4 (Stanton) Lynde 
Trerice — Pedigr. 

Gallup, Anna— m. Richard 1 Wheeler— Pedigr. 
Gallup, Mary— m. John 4 Noyes— Pedigr. 
Gallup, Mercy— m. William 4 Denison— Pedigr. 
Gardner, Joanna — m. (?) Robert 3 Stanton— 

Gardner, Joseph L— m. Mary Isabella Howe 
(230) Lord— 315-16 

Joseph Lyr 

Gates, Frances Douglas — 11 
(156) Lord— Pedigr. 

Gates, Selden— m. Catharine 6 Eliot— Pedigr. 

Gates, Statira— m. Lynde 6 Eliot— Pedigr. 

Gatterson, William E. — m. Sarah F. 8 Lord — 

Gilbert, John— m. Ayme (35) Lord— 271 

Gill, Sarah — m. Henry Edwin (155) Lord— 

Gillette, Mehetable— m. Peter 6 Lord— Pedigr. 

Gilman, Emily Hoffman — m. Charles Phelps 
(187) Noyes— Pedigr. 

&or& xwtv 

Gilman, Helen A. — m. Daniel Rogers (185) 

N o ye s — Pedigr. 
Glover, Mary ( ), — m. John (18) Haynes — 

Goffe, Jacob — m. Margery (39) Ingersoll — 

Graves, Sarah — m. Richard (2) Lord — 259-61 
Gray, J. Joseph — m. Mary Ann N. (265) Ely — 

319 and Pedigr. 
Gregory, Agnes — m. Richard 6 Eliot — Pedigr. 
Griffin, Dorothy— m. Richard (239) Noyes — 317 
Griffin, Edward Dorr — m. Gertrude McCurdy 8 

Lord — Pedigr. 
Griffin, Phozbe— m. Joseph (180) Lord — 308-09 
Griswold, Mary — m. Joseph 3 Gilbert — Pedigr. 

Grosvenor, Samuel Howe — 

m. 1. Ursula Wolcott (275) Noyes, 
2. Maria Mercer — 319-20 
Gurley, Sarah Griswold — m. Joseph (271) 

Noyes — 319 
Hall, Moranda — m. Diodate (135) Brockway— 

Halsey, William — m. Sarah 6 Stanton — Pedigr. 
Hammond, Esther — m. Samuel 4 Prentice — 

Hancox, Clement Deming — m. Catharine Ellen 

Howe (231) Lord — 316 
Harris, Thaddeus Mason — m. Mary 7 Dix — 

Haskell, William Henry — m. Aurelia Bulkeley 

(199) Lord— 312 
Hawes, Anna — m. Francis (8) Bacon — Pedigr. 
Hawes, Lawrence — m. Ursula 6 Lord — Pedigr. 
Hawkins, Belle S. — m. George S. 8 Lord — 

Hawley, Margaret — m. John Crary (79) Lord 

Haynes, Joseph — m. Sarah (4) Lord — 262 
Haynes, Mary (19) — m. Elisha (10) Lord — 263 
Hewitt, Charles — m. Hannah 6 Stanton — Pedigr. 
Hewitt, Mary — m. Richard' Wheeler— Pedigr. 

Hill, , — m. Georgiana s Lord — Pedigr. 

Hillard, Benoni — m. Martha (62) Lord — Pedigr. 
Holbrook, Catherine — m. Thaddeus William 

(23) Harris — Pedigr. 
Homans, Lizzie — m. Joseph Lyman 8 Lord — 

Hooker, Thomas — m. Mary (Smith) Lord — 262 
Hopson, John — m. 1. Dorothy (100) Lord, 
2. Dorothy Leete — 2S2 
Hoskins, , — m. Franklin Butler (71) Lord — 

Howe, Catharine L. — m. William Marvin (226) 

Lord— 315 
Howe, Harriet — m. Israel Matson — Pedigr. 
Howe, Nancy — m. William (237) Lord — 316 
Howells, Henry C. — m. Sarah (36) Lord — 279 
Huntington, David — m. Statira Emma 8 May — 

Huntington, Selden — m. Ann (173) Johnson — 

Hyde, Elizabeth— m. Richard (91) Lord — 2S5 
Ingersoll, Edward Payson — m. Ann Eliza (197) 

Lord — 312 
Ingersoll, John — m. 1. Dorothy (36) Lord, 
2. Abigail Bascom, 
3. , — 272 and Pedigr. 

Ingliss, John — m. Eliza Skinner (75) Day — 279 
Ingram, Samuel — m. Mary (or Sarah) (Shayler) 

Lord — 273 
Jewett, Elizabeth — m. Alfred Wolcott 1 Mack 


Jewett, Nathan — m. Deborah (117) Lord— 289 

Johnson, Lucy— m. Robert McCurdy 8 Lord — 

Johnson, Stephen — m. Ann (171) Lord — 307 

Kelsey, Stephen — m. Hannah (37) Ingersoll — 

Kibbe, Dorcas — m. Elijah (131) Lathrop — 297 

Kibbe, John — m. Hannah 4 Phelps — Pedigr. 

King, Abigail — m. Charles 8 Randall — Pedigr. 

King, Daniel — m. Hannah (126) Lord — 290 

Hot* xwtv 

Kirby, Eliab Burgis— m. Caroline Lydia (183) 
Noyes — 310 and Pedigr. 

Kirkland, Mary Deborah— m. Augustus (298) 
Eliot— Pedigr. 

Larcom, John — m. Hannah 6 Kibbe — Pedigr. 

Lathrop, Elijah — m. Susannah (130) Lord— 297 

Lay, Jonathan — m. Nancy 6 Eliot — Pedigr. 

Lee, James — m. Hepzibah (295) Lord — 322 

Lee, Mary— m. Thomas (53) Lord — 273 

Lee, Stephen— m. Abigail (118) Lord — 289 

Leete, Dorothy— m. John Hopson — 282 

Lemmon, Mary— m. Joseph 6 Lynde— Pedigr. 

Lewis, Clarissa— m. Jared 6 Eliot— Pedigr. 

Lewis, G. Albert — m. Anne Cornelia 8 Larcom 

L'Hommedieu, Polly — m. Lynde (141) Lathrop 
— 29S 

Livingston, Cornelia — m. Edward Crary (87) 
Lord — 280 

Lord, Catharine (191) — m. Enoch (248) Noyes 
—310, 318 

Lord, Daniel (65)— m. Elizabeth 5 Lord— 274 and 

Lord, Elisha (10) — m. Mary (19) Haynes — 263 

Lord, Elizabeth 5 — m. Daniel (65) Lord — 274 

Lord, Esther Ann (236) — m. Richard Lynde 
(167) Lord — 306, 316 

Lord, Hannah 3 — m. Joseph 3 Stanton— Pedigr. 

Lord, Lydia— m. Elisha Mack— Pedigr. 

Lord, Richard Lynde (167) — m. Esther Ann 
(236) Lord — 306, 316 

Lord, Sarah (43) — m. Ebenezer 4 Skinner — 

Lord, Sarah— m. John (50) Lord — 273 

Loveland, George— m. Julia Lord (184) Noyes 

Lucas, William — m. Phoebe (209) Lord— 312-13 

Ludington, Charles Henry — m. Josephine 
Lord (186) Noyes — 310 

Lyman, Mary — m. Lynde (161) Lord — 301 

Lynde, Elizabeth— m. Richard (114) Lord— 290 

Lynde, Nicholas — m. Dorothy 4 Stanton — 

McCormick, R. Hall— m. Sarah Lord (74) Day 

McCurdy, Alexander Lynde — m. Josephine 
(193) Lord— 311 

McCurdy, Charles Johnson — m. Sarah Ann 
(169) Lord — 307 

McCurdy, John — m. Ann (147) Lord — 299 

McCurdy, Sarah Ann — m. Stephen Johnson 
(168) Lord— 306 

McCutcheon, Nancy — m. Amos Walker 8 Avery 

Mack, Deborah— m. Theophilus (57) Lord— 

Mack, Elisha— m. 1. Lydia Lord, 

2. Taphena 6 Lord — Pedigr. 
Mack, Marvin — m. a dau. of Mary 6 (Lord) Roscoe 

Marvin, Esther — 

m. 1. Thomas (54) Lord, 

2. Jonathan Emmons — Pedigr. 

Marvin, Hepzibah — m. Enoch (145) Lord — 303 
Marvin, Matthew — m. Sarah Read (219) Lord 

Marvin, Mehitable — m. Lynde (279) Lord — 320 
Marvin, Neiiemiah — m. Esther 6 Lord— Pedigr. 

Marvin, Zechariah — m. Abigail (61) Lord — 

Mather, Anna — m. William (237) Lord — 316 

Matson, Israel — m. Catharine (172) Johnson — 

Matson, Israel — m. 1. Sarah 8 Lord, 

2. Harriet Howe— Pedigr. 

May, John — m. Emma 1 Eliot— Pedigr. 

Maynard, Jennie A.— m. Thomas Walter (282) 
Swan — 320 

Mayo, David — m. Frances Maria (151) Lord — 
300 and Pedigr. 

Mead, Hannah— m. Joseph 3 Stanton— Pedigr. 

aottr Kntrrp 

Mercer, Maria — m. Samuel Howe Grosvenor — 

Merryman, Oliver P. — m. Mary (268) Gray — 


Mills, Fanny — m. George Washington (152) 
Lord — Pedigr. 

Miner, Elizabeth— m. Peter 6 Lord— Pedigr. 

Mitchell, Ann — m. Richard (165) Lord — 304 

Moore, Emily E— m. George Washington Lee 
(235) Lord— 316 

Moore, Nancy — m. John (143) Lathrop — 298 

Morgan, George Hale — m. Sarah Spencer 9 
Morgan — Pedigr. 

Morgan, John Brainard — m. Juliet Pierpont 8 
M organ — Pedigr. 

Morgan, Junius Spencer — m. Juliet (158) Pier- 
pont — 301 and Pedigr. 

Mousal, Thomas— m. Sarah 6 (Lynde) Phillips— 

Nelson, Nettie Alfarita — m. Joseph Wright 
(233) Hancox — 316 

Newell, Mary — m. George Frederick 8 Lord — 

Nicoll, , — m. James Brown (84) Lord — 279 

Nicoll, Benjamin — m. Grace (83) Lord — 279 

Niles, Nathaniel— m. Nancy (139) Lathrop— 

Noyes, Daniel Rogers — m. Phoebe (1S2) Lord 

Noyes, Enoch (248) — m. Catharine (191) Lord — 

310. 318 
Noyes, Henry (253)— m. Mary Jane (260) Ely — 

318, 319 
Noyes, James— m. Dorothy (26) Stanton— 265 
Noyes, Joseph 4 — m. Abigail (12) Pierpont — 262 
Noyes, Joseph — m. Jane (238) Lord — 316-17 
Noyes, Martha— m. Richard (239) Noyes — 317 
Olmstead, Samuel— m. Mary (92) Lord— 280 
Packer, Ichabod — m. Esther 6 Burrows — Pedigr. 

Page, Anna Matilda— m. Thomas Butler (127) 
King — Pedigr. 

Palmer, , — m. Dorothy 3 Gilbert — Pedigr. 

Palmer, Nehemiah — m. Hannah 8 Stanton — 

Parsons, Genora — m. George Griffin (245) Noyes 

Pearson (or Pierson), Peter — m. Mary (115) 

Lord — 2S9 
Peck, Stephen— m. Elizabeth' Johnson— Pedigr. 
Pember, Jemima — m. Gurdon (142) Lathrop — 298 
Phelps, Jacob — m. Dorothy (38) Ingersoll — 

Phillips, Jonathan — m. Sarah 5 Lynde — Pedigr. 
Pierpont, Abigail 5 — m. Joseph 4 Noyes — Pedigr. 
Pierpont, James — m. Sarah (11) Haynes — 262 

Pierpont, John — m. Mary Sheldon (153) Lord — 
300 and Pedigr. 

Pratt, Abigail — m. Elisha' Skinner — Pedigr. 

Pratt, Allen J. — m. Georgiana Lucas (212) 
Cutter— 313 

Pratt, Aurelia — m. Joseph Lyman 8 Lord — 

Pratt, Elizabeth— m. Benjamin (98) Lord— 282 

Prentice, Thomas — m. Sarah (27; Stanton — 

Prentiss, , — m. Joseph 3 Stanton — Pedigr. 

Puffer, Emily— m. James Sproat 8 Lord— Pedigr. 

Puffer, George D. — m. Eliza Gates 8 Lord — 

Pugh, , — m. Eunice Noyes (225) Lord — 315 

Putnam, Dorothy — m. Casper 9 Avery — Pedigr. 

Randall, John— m. Mary 7 Swan— Pedigr. 

Ransom, Catharine — m. Samuel (60) Lord — 

Reade, Robert — m. Mary Jane (210) Lucas — 313 

Reynolds, John — m. Lydia (116) Lord — 2S9 

Richardson, Dorothy — m. John 6 Stanton — 

Riley, Elizabeth — m. Daniel DeForest (68) 
Lord — 279 

Robertson, Angeline E. — m. Charles W. (17) 
Darl i ng — Pedigr. 

ILorir XnXttv 

Rogers, Hannah— m. John (i 19) Lord— 289 

Rogers, John Sill— m. Matilda (280) Lord— 320 

Rogers, Ruth— m. Jonathan (51) Lord— 273 

Rogers, Samuel— m. Mary 8 Stanton— Pedigr. 

Root, , —m. Dorothy (38) (Ingersoll) Phelps 


Roscoe, John B.— m Mary 6 Lord— Pedigr. 

Salisbury, Elizabeth Sewall— m. Nathaniel 8 
Chauncey — Pedigr. 

Saltonstall, Roswell— m. Mary (19) (Haynes) 
Lord — 263 

Sandford, Ann— m. James 4 Noyes— Pedigr. 
Sandford, Elizabeth — m. Thomas 4 Noyes — 

Selden, Clark— m. Eliza' Wilcox— Pedigr. 

Selden, Flavel C.—m. Mary Gurley (272) Noyes 

Shayler, Mary (or Sarah) — 

m. 1. William (40) Lord, 
2. Samuel Ingram — 273 
Sheldon, Lois — m. Lynde (148) Lord — 299 

Shelton, Frances — m. George DeForest (89) 
Lord — 280 

Shurlock, Blanche— m. David W. (266) Gray— 

Sibley, Joanna LeBarron- 
— Pedigr. 

John 8 Pierpont 

Sill, Edwardanna (Schieffelin)— 
m. 2. John (240) Noyes, 

3. John Mather Chadwick— 317 
Sill, Hannah — m. Russell 6 Lord — Pedigr. 
Sill, Joseph— m. Phoebe (112) Lord— 288 
Sill, Phozbe— m. Enoch (194) Lord — 312 
Skinner, Ebenezer— m. Abigail (97) Lord— 282 
Skinner, Ebenezer 4 — m. Sarah (43) Lord— 273 
Skinner, Samuel— m. Jerusha 6 Whiting— Pedigr. 

Smith, Albert M— m. Sarah Holdrege (234) 
Lord — 316 

Smith, Charles W. — m. Josephine Caroline 
(202) Lord — 312 

Smith, Elizabeth— m. Joseph 3 Gilbert— Pedigr. 

Smith, Mary— m. 1. Richard (3) Lord, 

2. Thomas Hooker — 261, 262 
Snelling, Jonathan — m. Abby Lyman (154) 

Lord — 300 and Pedigr. 
Solomon, ( ), — m. George Washington 

Lee (235) Lord — 316 
Stanley, Rebecca — m. Robert (31) Lord — 270 
Stanton, John 1 — m. Caroline Elizabeth 1 Eliot— 


Stanton, Joseph 3 — m. Hannah 3 Lord— Pedigr. 

Stanton, Thomas— m. Ann (21) Lord— 265-67 

Sterling, Eugene S.— m. Ellen Elizabeth 8 Mack 
— Pedigr. 

Stevens, Fanny O— m. John 8 May— Pedigr. 

Stillman, Henry A.— m. Catharine S. 9 Bacon— 


Stone, , — m. Helen (288) Rogers— 320 

Stone, David (?)— m. Frances (220) Marvin— 
315 and Pedigr. 

Strahan, George Cumine — m. Katharine Liv- 
ingston (215) Reade— 314 

Strong, Charles A. — m. Frances A. 8 Lord — 

Strong, Silas Gates— m. Maria (137) Brockway 

Sturges, Amelia — m. John Pierpont (159) 
Morgan — Pedigr. 

Swan, John— m. Mary 6 Prentice— Pedigr. 
Swan, Thomas S.— m. Charlotte Augusta (281) 
Rogers — 320 

Thompson, Hannah— m. John 8 Stanton— Pedigr. 
Thorn, Conde Raguet— m. Louisa Akerly (293) 
Floyd-Jones — Pedigr. 

Thurston, Hannah — 

m. 1. Thomas (20) Lord 

2. (?) Gregory Wolterton — 263 and Pedigr. 

Tilden, Catherine H. — m. Elroy M. 10 Avery — 

Tooker, Elizabeth — m. Joseph Christopher 
(263) Ely— 319 

Tracy, Frances Louisa — m. John Pierpont (159) 
Morgan — Pedigr. 

aotir mntv 

Treat, Elizabeth — m. Adam 6 Stanton — Pedigr. 
Treat, Salmon — m. Dorothy 4 Noyes — Pedigr. 
Trerice, John — m. Dorothy 4 (Stanton) Lynde— 

2ph Lyman (156) Lord- 

Tryon, Maria — m. Jc 

VanBergen, Esther — m. Stephen 8 Matson — 


Vogdes, Mary — m. William Gates 9 Lord — 

Wade, Sarah — m. Joseph 6 Lord— Pedigr. 

Walter, Francis S. — m. Esther Jane 8 Ely— 

Walters, Victoria— m. Enoch Noyes (262) Ely 

Warner, Edward A.— m. Martha Eunice (267) 
Gray — Pedigr. 

Warren, Abigail — 

m. 1. Richard (6) Lord, 

2. Timothy Woodbridge — 262 

Watrous, Isaac— m. Elizabeth (in) Lord— 288 

Watson, Mary — m. Robert Augustus (19S) Lord 

Way, John — m. Lucy (125) Lord — 290 

Way, Sarah — m. John (122) Lord — 289 

Webster, Achsa — m. Elisha 1 Skinner — Pedigr. 

Wetmore, Mary— m. Simon (140) Lathrop— 298 

Wheeler, Anna— m. Joseph 5 Stanton— Pedigr. 
Wheeler, Jonathan — m. Esther 5 Denison — 

Wheeler, Richard — m. Mary 1 Hewitt — Pedigr. 
Wheeler, Sarah — m. (?) Daniel (28) Stanton — 

Wheelock, Katherine Brattle — m. Edward 

Doubleday (22) Harris— Pedigr. 
Whiting, Elizabeth (Bradford) — m. John 4 

Noyes — Pedigr. 

Whiting, John — m. Jerusha 6 Lord — Pedigr. 

Wilcox, Nathan — m. Elizabeth 6 Eliot — Pedigr. 

Williams, Benadam — m. Hannah (132) Lathrop 

Williams, Charles Austin — m. Josephine C. 

(200) Haskell — 312 

Wolcott, Emily (or Amelia) — m. Marvin (90) 
Lord— 280 

Wolterton, Gregory — m. (?) Hannah (Thurs- 
ton) Lord — Pedigr. 

Wood, , — m. Sarah (121) Lord — 289 

Woodbridge, Timothy — m. Abigail (Warren) 
Lord — 262 

Woolsey, William Walton — m. Sarah 8 Chaun- 

cey — Pedigr. 
Wyllys, Ruth— m. Richard (9) Lord— 262 

Wyman, Horace Winfield — m. Mary Wills 

(201) Haskell— Pedigr. 


i^ag %n&tz 

pp. 333-351 


Abigail 8 — ra. Worman— 335 and Pedigr. 

Clarissa 6 (or Anna) — m. Ayres — Pedigr. 

Abigail 3 — Pedigr. 

Daniel 6 — Pedigr. 

Abigail 6 — m. Rogers — Pedigr. 

Daniel IngrAHAM 8 — (99), 350 and Pedigr. 

Abner 6 — m. Cone — Pedigr. 

David 6 — m. Ingraham — Pedigr. 

A deli N E 7 — Pedigr. 

David McCaw 7 — (81), 346 

Adeline 8 — m. Chadwick — Pedigr. 

EDWARD 3 -/"^. 

Albert Tracy 1 — (58), 340, 342 

Edward 3 — m. Mary , — Pedigr. 

Amelia Carter 8 — Pedigr. 

Edward 4 — Pedigr. 

Amos 4 — m. Griswold — Pedigr. 

Edward 4 — m. Senter — Pedigr. 

Andrew 7 — Pedigr. 

Edward Tracy 7 — (51), 340 

Anna 6 — m. Kirtland— (26), 339 

Edward Tracy 7 — (53), 340 

Anna' — m. Greenfield — Pedigr. 

Elias 4 — Pedigr. 

Anna Fitzhugh 6 — m. Watkins— (78), 345, 346 

Eli j ah 4 — Pedigr. 

Anna Murdock 6 — m. Bacon— (75), 345, 349 and 

Elisha 4 — in. Olmstead— (So), 346, 348 and Pedigr. 


ElishA 5 — Pedigr. 

Asa 7 — Pedigr. 

Elizabeth 5 — 335 and Pedigr. 

Beirne 7 — {71), 344 

Elizabeth 8 — ra. Tubbs — Pedigr. 

Bessie 7 -(83), 346 

Elizabeth 3 — m. Tully — Pedigr. 

B ri dgeh am 4 — Pedigr. 

Elizabeth 4 — Pedigr. 

Catee 6 (or Catharine)— Pedigr. 

Elizabeth 4 2d — Pedigr. 

Catharine 8 — m. Copp — Pedigr. 

Elizabeth 4 — m. Miller — Pedigr. 

Catharine 4 — m. Peck — Pedigr. 

Elizabeth 6 (or Betsey) — Pedigr. 

Charles 6 — (42), 340 

Elizabeth 5 — m. Champlin— (104), 350 

Charles 6 — (54), 34° 

Elizabeth Withers 7 — (72), 344 

Charles 7 — Pedigr. 

Enoch 6 — m. Lay — Pedigr. 

Charles Downing 9 — Pedigr. 

Eunice 6 — Pedigr. 

Charles Henry 7 — (50), 340 

Evelyn Harriet 8 — m. Sears — Pedigr. 

Chauncey A. 7 — m. Mancer— Pedigr. 

Ezra 6 — m. Ingraham — Pedigr. 

&«£ nnntv 

Ezra 6 — m. Kelsey— (n), 338 

J H anna 3 — Pedigr. 

.Fanny 6 — Pedigr. 

John 1 — 

Firmti 6 — Pedigr. 

2. Abigail , — (1), 333, 334 and Pedigr. 

Francis Ingraham 6 — m. Norton — Pedigr. 

John' — m. 1. , 

George C — m. Hartness— (100), 350 and Pedigr. 

2. Johanna , —(2), 333, 334, 348 

George Cowles 8 — m. Briggs — (102), 350 and 

and Pedigr. 


John 2 — m. Marvin— (3) 333, 335 and Pedigr. 

George W. 1 — (57), 340 

John 3 — Pedigr. 

George Washington 6 — m. Foot — (55), 340, 

John 3 — m. Abigail , —Pedigr. 


John 3 — m. 1. Lee, 

George William 6 — m. Campbell— (76), 345, 346 

2. Lewis — (90), 348 and Pedigr. 

George William'— (70), 344 

John 4 — m. Lee— {7), 336, 346-47 and Pedigr. 

Georgie'— (84), 346 

John 6 — m. Lee— (14), 338-39, 34° 

Gibbon 6 — Pedigr. 

John 6 — m. Sill — Pedigr. 

Gustavus A. 6 — m. Helden— (63), 341 

John 6 — m. Atkins— (43), 340 

Hannah 4 — m. Marvin — Pedigr. 

John 6 — m. Watrous— (89), 347 and Pedigr. 

Hannah 5 — Pedigr. 

John'— (44), 340 

Hannah 5 — m. 1. Murdock, 

John Avery 6 — Pedigr. 

2. Smith— (12), 338 

Hannah 6 — m. Kirtland— (27), 339 

John Fitzhugii 6 — m. McCaw— (77), 345, 346 

Hannah* — m. 1. Lay, 

John Fitzhugh' — (67), 344 

2. Chad wick — Pedigr. 

John Foot'— (56), 340 

Harriett 6 — m. Tracy — (48), 340 

John Hartness 8 — m. Haines — Pedigr. 

Harriett'— (46), 340 

John Olmstead 6 — m. May— (79), 345, 346 

Henry'— (45), 34° 

Jonathan 4 — m. Spencer— (8), 337 

Henry Champlin 6 — m. Atkinson— (64), 343-44, 
345, 346 

Jonathan 6 — m. 1. Lay, 

2. Murdock, 

Henry Champlin'— (66), 343, 344 

3. Elliott (or Eliot)— (9), 337-38 

HepzibAH 6 — Pedigr. 

Jonathan 6 — (25), 339 

Hubbell 6 — (93), 348 

Jonathan 6 — m. , —(49), 34° 

James 2 — 335 and Pedigr. 

Joseph 3 — m. Deming — Pedigr. 

Jane 8 — m. Marvin— (4), 333, 348 

Joseph 4 — Pedigr. 

Jane 6 — Pedigr. 

Juliett 6 — m. Axtell— (59), 341 

Jared Cochran' — (52), 340, 341 

Laura' — m. Sill — Pedigr. 

Jean 6 — m. King — Pedigr. 

Jean 6 — Pedigr. 

Lee 5 — m. 1. Griswold, 

2. Lay — Pedigr. 

JENET 1 — Pedigr. 

Jerusha 4 — m. Murdock — Pedigr. 

Lois 6 — m. Jewett — Pedigr. 

J ERU S HA 6 — Pedigr. 

Louisa Dall 1 — {73), 344 


&«» Knw 

Lucinda 6 — m. i. Cone, 

2. Mann — Pedigr. 
Lucy 4 (or Lucia) — m. Smith — Pedigr. 
Lucy 5 — m. Billings— Pedigr. 
Lucy'— (82), 346 

Phcebe 6 — m. Comstock— (41), 340 
Polly 6 (or Mary)— Pedigr. 

Rebeckah 3 — m. I. Sage, 

2. Raymond — Pedigr. 
Reuben 4 — Pedigr. 

Lucy 1 — m. Banning — Pedigr. 

Richard 5 — m. 1. Mather, 

Lucy Fitzhugh 7 — (68), 344 

2. ( ) Biggs— Pedigr. 

Lydia 6 — Pedigr. 

Robert 3 — m. Grinnel— (6), 334, 336-37 

Lydia 5 — (15), 339 

Robert 3 — m. Tinker— Pedigr. 

Mar ah 3 — Pedigr. 

Robert 4 — Pedigr. 

Mariette Ingraham 8 — Pedigr. 

Robert 6 — Pedigr. 

Martha Jean 6 — m. Havens— Pedigr. 

Robert Lee 6 — Pedigr. 

Mary 3 — m. Robins— Pedigr. 

Roger Atkinson 1 — (65), 344 

Mary 5 (or Polly)— Pedigr. 

Samuel 4 — Pedigr. 

Mary 5 — m. 1. Murdock, 
2. Wood, 

Sarah 5 — m. 1. , 

2. Clark— Pedigr. 

3. Waite— (10), 338 

Sarah 3 — Pedigr. 

Mary 6 (or Molly)— m. Lay — Pedigr. 

Sarah 3 — m. DeWolf— Pedigr. 

Mary 6 — m. Hart — (34), 340 

Sarah 4 — m. Beebe — Pedigr. 

Mary 7 — (47), 340 

Sarah 4 — m. Mather— Pedigr. 

M erc Y 4 — Pedigr. 

Sarah 5 (or Sanah)— m. 1. Chadwick, 

Nabbey 6 (or Abigail) — Pedigr. 

2. Marvin — Pedigr. 

Nannie 1 — (85), 346 

Sarah 5 — m. Marvin — Pedigr. 

Oliver Ingraham 7 — m. Whittlesey — (98), 350 

Sarah 6 — m. Peck — (95), 349 

and Pedigr. 

Sarah Ann 8 — m. Selden— Pedigr. 

Oliver Ingraham 8 — m. Waite— (101), 350 and 

Silas 5 son of John — Pedigr. 


Silas 6 son of William— Pedigr. 

Peck 6 — Pedigr. 
Peter 8 — 335 and Pedigr. 
Peter 6 — m. Peck— Pedigr. 
Phcebe 3 — Pedigr. 
Phcebe 4 — m. Hill— Pedigr. 
Phcebe 6 — m. 1. Chadwick, 

Sophia M. 1 — m. Champion — Pedigr. 
Stephen 5 — m. Avery — (94), 349 and Pedigr. 
Susannah'— 335 and Pedigr. 
Thomas Atkinson 1 — (69), 344 
Wilfred 9 — Pedigr. 

2. Curhores — Pedigr. 

William 4 — m. Sill— (91), 348 and Pedigr. 

Phcebe 6 — m. Gayle — (13), 338 

William 6 — m. Parsons — Pedigr. 

Phcebe 6 — Pedigr. 

Willoughby Lynde 6 — Pedigr. 

&a» MXttv 


Axtell, Harriett 1 — (60), 341 

Champlin, William 6 — Pedigr. 

AXTELL, JULIETT 1 — (6l), 34I 

Clark, John 3 — Pedigr. 

Axtell, Minnie 1 — (62), 341 

Clark, Nathaniel 3 — Pedigr. 

Banning, Adeline Louisa 8 — Pedigr. 

Curhores, Maria 6 — m. Beaumont — Pedigr. 

Banning, David Lay 8 — m. Lane — Pedigr. 

Fiedler, Edward 8 — (39), 340 

Banning, Emma Marvin 8 — m. Bancroft — Pedigr. 

Fiedler, Ernestine 8 — (40), 340 

Banning, Frances Sill 8 — m. Hayward — Pedigr. 

Fiedler, Helen 8 — (37), 340 

Banning, Harriet Butler 8 — Pedigr. 

Fiedler, Louisa 8 — (38), 340 

Banning, Laura Lay 8 — m. Noyes — Pedigr. 

Fiedler, Mary 8 — (36), 340 

Banning, Lucy Jane 8 — m. Thomas — Pedigr. 

Hart, Helen 1 — m. Fiedler— (35), 340 

Banning, Samuel Waldo 8 — m. Scofield — Pedigr. 

Havens, Martha Jane 6 — Pedigr. 

Banning, William Calvin 8 — m. Mellen — Pedigr. 

Havens, Phcebe 6 — Pedigr. 

Beals, Jennie 9 — Pedigr. 

Hutchins, Robert Chadwick 8 — (24), 339 

Beals, John W. 9 — Pedigr. 

King, Fanny 6 — m. Gramley — Pedigr. 

Beals, Morrell ft?— Pedigr. 

King, Jeremiah 6 — Pedigr. 

Beals, O. W. 9 — Pedigr. 

King, John Lay 6 — Pedigr. 

Burt, Alice 1 — Pedigr. 

King, Jonathan 6 — m. Wheat — Pedigr. 

Burt, Anna Gardner 1 — Pedigr. 

King, Joseph 6 — Pedigr. 

Burt, Charles 1 — Pedigr. 

King, Lucy 6 — m. Gramley — Pedigr. 

Burt, Lucy 1 — Pedigr. 

King, Lydia 6 — m. Griffin— Pedigr. 

Champion, Emma 8 — m. Beals — Pedigr. 

King, Sally 6 — m. Miner — Pedigr. 

Champion, Jane 8 — m. Smith— Pedigr. 

Marvin, Abigail 6 — Pedigr. 

Champion, John D. 8 — Pedigr. 

Marvin, Hepzibah 4 — m. Lord — (5), 333 

Champion, Orlow 8 — Pedigr. 

Marvin, Lucy 6 — Pedigr. 

Champion, Roswell 8 — Pedigr. 

Marvin, Thomas 6 — Pedigr. 

Champlin, Abby 6 — m. Warner — (103), 350 

Murdock, Abraham 6 — (28), 339 

Champlin, Charles C. 1 — m. Spencer — Pedigr. 

Murdock, Abraham 1 — Pedigr. 

Champlin, Christopher Hill 6 — m. Stebbins — 

Champlin, Elizabeth Petit 1 — m. Stephenson 

Murdock, Anna 6 — m. Avery — (29), 340 

Murdock, Anna 1 — m. Tyler — Pedigr. 

— Pedigr. 

Murdock, James 6 — m. Atwater — (30), 340, 341-42 

Champlin, Harry 8 — Pedigr. 

and Pedigr. 

Champlin, Henry Champlin 1 — m. Love — 

Murdock, Jeremiah Atwater 1 — Pedigr. 


Murdock, Lydia 1 — m. Richardson— Pedigr. 

Champlin, Henry Lee 5 — m. Hayden — Pedigr. 

Peck, John E. 6 — (74), 345, 349 

&ag %nXw 

Peck, Lucy 6 — m. Burt— Pedigr. 

Tully, Elizabeth 4 — Pedigr. 

Peck, Mary L. 6 — (96), 349 

Tully, Hepzibah 4 — Pedigr. 

Peck, Rebecca 6 — (97), 349 

Tully, Lydia 4 — Pedigr. 

Robins, Elijah 4 — Pedigr. 

Tully, Sarah 4 — Pedigr. 

Robins, Elisha 4 — Pedigr. 

Tully, William 4 — Pedigr. 

Robins, Elizabeth 4 — Pedigr. 

Tully, William 4 2d — Pedigr. 

Robins, Eunice 4 — Pedigr. 

Waite, Amelia Champlin 9 — Pedigr. 

Robins, Ezra 4 — Pedigr. 

Waite, Brainerd 9 — Pedigr. 

Selden, Addie Chadwick 9 — ra. Coffin — Pedigr. 

Waite, Christopher Champlin 8 — m. 


Selden, Gertrude Waite 9 — Pedigr. 

— Pedigr. 

Selden, Lizzie Lynde 9 — m. Miller — Pedigr. 

Waite, Edward Tinker 8 — m. Brainerd- 


Selden, Marian VanEps 9 — Pedigr. 

Waite, Ellison 9 — Pedigr. 

Selden, Sarah 9 — m. Lindsley — Pedigr. 

Waite, Henry M. 9 — Pedigr. 

Smith, Beckah 5 — Pedigr. 

Waite, Henry S. 9 — Pedigr. 

Smith, Clarissa 6 — Pedigr. 

Waite, Henry Selden 8 — m. Brown — Pedigr. 

Smith, Eliza 6 — (33), 340 

Waite, Mary Frances 8 — Pedigr. 

Smith, Irving C. 9 — Pedigr. 

Waite, Mary Gloyd 9 — Pedigr. 

Smith, John Lay 6 — (32), 340 

Waite, Morrison Remick 9 — Pedigr. 

Smith, Julia Sophia 9 — Pedigr. 

Warner, Abby Elizabeth'— m. Tinker- 


Smith, Seth 5 — Pedigr. 

Warner, Amelia Champlin 7 — m. Wa 

te-( 9 2), 

348-49, 350-51 

Smith, William Lay 6 — (31), 340 

Watkins, Edward Osborn 7 — (86), 346 

Stephenson, Harriett 8 — 

m. 1. Post, 

Watkins, Henry Lay'— (S7), 346 

2. Cheeney — Pedigr. 

Watkins, Ruth Evelyn'— (SS), 346 

Stephenson, Henry 8 — Pedigr. 

Wood, Annie 6 — ra. Cone— (19), 339 

Stephenson, William 9 — Pedigr. 

Wood, Ezra 6 — (18), 339 

Tinker, Annie Rensselaer 9 — Pedigr. 

Wood, Maria 6 — m. Chadwick — (23), 339 

Tinker, Edward 8 — Pedigr. 

Wood, Phcebe 6 — m. Hayden — (20), 339 

Tinker, Edward Laroque 9 — Pedigr. 

Wood, Richard 6 — (21), 339 

Tinker, Harry Champlin 8 — ra. Laroque — 


Wood, Sophia 6 — m. Waite — (22), 339 

Tully, Anne 4 — Pedigr. 

Worman, Abijah 8 — Pedigr. 

Hag Htfttp 


, Abigail— m. John (1) Lay— 334 

, Abigail — m. John 3 Lay— Pedigr. 

, Johanna — ra. John (2) Lay — 333 

, Mary — m. Edward 3 Lay — Pedigr. 

Atkins, Fanny — m. John (43) Lay — 340 
Atkinson, Elizabeth (or Eliza) Withers — m. 

Henry Champlin (64) Lay— 344, 345, 346 
Atwater, Lydia — m. James (30) Murdock — 

Avery, John J. — m. Anna (29) Murdock — 340 
Avery, Maria Murdock — m. Stephen (94) Lay 

Axtell, Henry — m. Juliett (59) Lay — 341 
Ayres, John — m. Clarissa 6 (or Anna) Lay — 

Bacon, William — m. Anna Murdock (75) Lay — 

345 and Pedigr. 
Bancroft, Edward P. — m. Emma Marvin 8 

Banning — Pedigr. 
Banning, William J. — m. Lucy 1 Lay— Pedigr. 
Barnum, , — m. a dau. of Maria (23) (Wood) 

"Chadwick — 339 
Beals, Oliver B. — m. Emma 8 Champion — 


Beaumont, , — m. Maria 6 Curhores— Pedigr. 

Beebe, Zaccheus — m. Sarah 4 Lay — Pedigr. 

Biggs, Esther ( ), — m. Richard 5 Lay — Pedigr. 

Billings, , — m. Lucy 6 Lay — Pedigr. 

Brainerd, Anna Chadwick — m. Edward 

Tinker 8 Waite— Pedigr. 

Briggs, Emma — m. George Cowles (102) Lay — 

Brown, Ione — m. Henry Selden 8 Waite — Pedigr. 

Burt, George — m. Lucy 6 Peck — Pedigr. 

Campbell, Henrietta Goldthwaithe — m. 
George William (76) La}' — 345, 346 

Chadwick, Daniel — m. Phcebe 6 Lay — Pedigr. 

Chadwick, Ezra — m. Sarah 5 (or Sanah) Lay — 

Chadwick, Richard — m. Hannah 6 (Lay) Lay — 

Chadwick, Robert — m. Maria (23) Wood — 339 
Chadwick, Walter — m. Adeline 8 Lay — Pedigr. 
Champion, John— m. Sophia M. 1 hay— Pedigr. 
Champlin, Silas— m. Elizabeth (104) Lay— 350 
Cheeney, Crawford — m. Harriett 8 (Stephenson) 

Post— Pedigr. 
Clark, Nathaniel — 

m. 1. Saralr (Lay) , 

2. Martha ( ) DeWolf— Pedigr. 

Coffin, Charles — m. Addie Chadwick Selden 

Comstock, William — m. Phcebe (41) Lay — 340 

Cone, Dr. , — m. Annie (19) Wood — 339 

Cone, Asa — m. Lucinda 6 Lay — Pedigr. 
Cone, Lydia — m. Abner 6 Lay — Pedigr. 
Copp, Jonathan — m. Catharine 3 Lay — Pedigr. 
Curhores, , — m. Phcebe 6 (Lay) Chadwick 

Deming, Mercy — m. Joseph' Lay — Pedigr. 
DeWolf, Martha ( ), — m. Nathaniel Clark 

— Pedigr. 
DeWolf, Simon — m. Sarah 3 Lay — Pedigr. 
Eldridge, Mary — m. Francis Havens — Pedigr. 
Elliott, , — m. a dau. of Mary (10) (Lay) 

Murdock — 339 
Elliott (or Eliot), Nancy — m. Jonathan (9) 

Lay— 33S 
Fiedler, Ernest— m. Helen (35) Hart— 340 
Foot, Olive — m. George Washington (55) Lay — 

Gayle, William— m. Phcebe (13) Lay— 338 
Gramley, Philip— m. Lucy 6 King— Pedigr. 
Gramley, Thomas— m. Fanny 5 King— Pedigr. 

Hag MTftv 

Greenfield, Edward— m. Anna' Lay— Pedigr. 

Griffin, , — m. Lydia 6 King— Pedigr. 

Grinnel, Mary— m. Robert (6) Lay— 337 
Griswold, Lovisa — m. Lee 6 Lay — Pedigr. 
Griswold, Mary— m. Amos 4 Lay— Pedigr. 
Guthrie, Lillian Pamela — m. Christopher 
Champlin 8 Waite— Pedigr. 

Haines, , — m. John Hartness 8 Lay— Pedigr. 

Hale, , — m. a dau. of Mary (10) (Lay) Mur- 

dock— 339 

Hart, Eli — m. Mary (34) Lay — 340 

Hartness, Julia A. — m. George C. (100) Lay — 

Havens, Francis — m. 1. Martha Jean 5 Lay, 

2. Phoebe Payne, 

3. Mary Eldridge— Pedigr. 

Hayden, , — m. Phoebe (20) Wood— 339 

Hayden, Amelia Prudence — m. Henry Lee 6 

Champlin — Pedigr. 

Hayward, Wales A.— m. Frances Sill 8 Banning 
— Pedigr. 

Helden, Pauline— m. Gustavus A. (63) Lay— 

Hill, William— m. Phoebe 4 'Lay— Pedigr. 
Hutchins, Edward — m. a dau. of Maria (23) 

(Wood) Chadwick— 339 

Ingraham, Lucy— m. David 6 Lay— Pedigr. 

Ingraham, Lydia — m. Ezra 6 Lay — Pedigr. 

Jewett, John Griswold — m. Lois 6 Lay — Pedigr. 

Kelsey, Hetty— m. Ezra (11) Lay— 338 

King, Joseph— m. Jean 6 Lay— Pedigr. 

Kirtland, B. — m. Hannah (27) La}' — 339 

Kirtland, John — m. Anna (26) Lay — 339 

Lane, Caroline M. — m. David Lay 8 Banning — 

Laroque, Louise — m. Harry Champlin 8 Tinker 
— Pedigr. 

Lay, Abigail— m. Jonathan (9) Lay— 338 

Lay, Enoch 6 — m. Hannah 6 Lay— Pedigr. 

Lay, Hannah 6 — m. Enoch 6 Lay— Pedigr. 

Lay, Lee 6 — m. Mary 6 (or Moll}') Lay— Pedigr. 

Lay, Mary 6 — m. Lee 6 Lay— Pedigr. 

Lee, Hannah— m. John (7) Lay— Pedigr. 

Lee, Phcebe— m. John (14) Lay— 338-39 

Lee, Sarah— m. John (90) Lay— Pedigr. 

Lewis, Mary— m. John (90) Lay— Pedigr. 

Lindsley, Thomas— m. Sarah 9 Selden— Pedigr. 

Lord, Enoch — m. Hepzibah (5) Marvin — 333 

Love, , — m. Henry Champlin 1 Champlin — 


McCaw, Caroline— m. John Fitzhugh (77) Lay 

—345, 346 
Mancer, Catherine— m. Chauncey A. 7 Lay — 


Mann, , — m. Lucinda 6 (Lay) Cone— Pedigr. 

Marvin, Joseph— m. Jane (4) Lane— 333 

Marvin, Sarah— m. John (3) Lay— Pedigr. 

Marvin, Thomas— m. Sarah 5 Lay— Pedigr. 

Marvin, Thomas— m. Sarah 5 (Lay) Chadwick— 

Marvin, Zacheriah— m. Hannah 4 Lay— Pedigr. 

Mather, Mary — m. Richard 5 Lay — Pedigr. 

Mather, Timothy — m. Sarah 4 Lay— Pedigr. 

May, Lucy Anna Fitzhugh — m. John Olmstead 
(79) Lay— 345, 346 

Mellen, Helen J.— m. William Calvin 8 Banning 
— Pedigr. 

Miller, Elisha— m. Elizabeth 4 Lay— Pedigr. 
Miller, John— m. Lizzie Lynde 9 Selden— Pedigr. 
Miner, Nathan— m. Sally 6 King— Pedigr. 
Murdock, Abraham — m. Hannah (12) Lay — 338, 

Murdock, Anna — m. Jonathan (9) Lay — 338 
Murdock, Enoch — m. Mary (10) Lay — 338 
Murdock, William — m. Jerusha 4 Lay— Pedigr. 

Norton, Maria — m. Francis Ingraham 6 Lay — 

Noyes, Enoch— m. Laura Lay 8 Banning— Pedigr. 

Olmstead, Mary— m. Elisha (80) Lay— Pedigr. 

&a» mntv 

Parsons, Betsey — m. William 5 Lay — Pedigr. 
Payne, Phcebe — ra. Francis Havens — Pedigr. 
Peck, Hepzibah— m. Peter 5 Lay— Pedigr. 
Peck, John — m. Catharine 4 Lay — Pedigr. 
Peck, Seth — ra. Sarah (95) Lay — 349 
Post, Waldo — m. Harriett 8 Stephenson — Pedigr. 
Raymond, Daniel — m. Rebeckah 3 (Lay) Sage — 

Richardson, Nathaniel Smith — m. Lydia 1 Mur- 

dock — Pedigr. 

Robins, Joseph — m. Mary 3 Lay — Pedigr. 

Rogers, Nathaniel — m. Abigail 5 Lay — Pedigr. 

Sage, , — m. Rebeckah 3 Lay — Pedigr. 

Scofield, Catharine DeWitt — m. Samuel 
Waldo 8 Banning — Pedigr. 

Sears, Cushman — m. Evelyn Harriet 8 Lay — 

Selden, Samuel Hart — m. Sarah Ann 8 Lay — 

Senter, Martha — m. Edward 4 Lay — Pedigr. 
Sill, Anna — m. John 5 La}' — Pedigr. 
Sill, Mary— m. Shadrack Hubbard Sill— Pedigr. 
Sill, Phcebe — m. William (91) Lay — Pedigr. 
Sill, Shadrack Hubbard— 

m. I. Laura 7 Lay, 

2. Mary Sill— Pedigr. 
Smith, Irving D. — m. Jane 8 Champion — Pedigr. 
Smith, Seth — m. Hannah (12) (Lay) Murdock — 

Smith, Stephen — m. Lucy 4 (or Lucia) Lay — 


Spencer, Alice — m. Charles C. 1 Champlin — 

Spencer, Mary — m. Jonathan (8) Lay — 337 

Stebbins, Adeline — m. Christopher Hill 6 Champ- 
lin — Pedigr. 

Stephenson, Eben S. — m. Elizabeth Petit' 
Champlin — Pedigr. 

Thomas, George C. — m. Lucy Jane 8 Banning — 

Tinker, Edward G. — m. Abby Elizabeth 1 Warner 

Tinker, Lydia — m. Robert 3 Lay— Pedigr. 

Tracy, Phinehas Lyman— m. Harriett (48) Lay 
— 340 and Pedigr. 

Tubbs, Samuel — m. Elizabeth 3 Lay — Pedigr. 

Tully, William — m. Elizabeth 3 Lay — Pedigr. 

Tyler, Edward Royall — m. Anna' Murdock 

Waite, David— m. Sophia (22) Wood— 339 

Waite, Marian — m. Oliver Ingraham (101) Lay 

Waite, Morrison Remick — m. Amelia Champ- 
lin (92) Warner— 348, 350 

-m. Mary (10) (Lay) Murdock 

Waite, Richard- 
Wood — 338 

m. Abby (103) 

Warner, Samuel Selden 
Champlin — 350 

Watkins, Edward Mayo — m. Anna Fitzhugh 

(78) Lay— 345, 346 
Watrous, Rhoda— m. John (89) La) — -Pedigr. 

Jonathan 6 King — 

Wheat, Mehetabel • 

Whittlesey, Mary A. 
(98) Lay— Pedigr. 

m. Oliver Ingraham 

Wood, James— m. Mary (10) (Lay) Murdock- 

Worman, William — m. Abigail 2 Lay — Pedigr. 



pp- 359-425 


ABIGAIL*— Pedigr. 

Elizabeth A. 9 — m. 1. Huggins, 

Abigail 9 — (76), 403 

2. Foster — (148), 410 

Alanson 10 — m. Pratt— (82), 404 

Elizabeth Allen 10 — m. Woodward — (107), 


Albert 10 — (114), 406 

Ellen Augusta 10 — m. White — (113), 406 

Ann — m. Prescott— (149), 410-11 

Ellsworth 18 — Pedigr. 

Anne'— m. Huntington — Pedigr. 

Emeline 9 — m. Kirtland— (152), 412 

Annie Dewey 11 — (116), 406 

Enoch 3 — m. Digby— (2), 364-67 

Augusta 11 — (115), 406 

Enoch 4 — (6), 371 

Augusta M. 9 — Pedigr. 

Enoch 5 — Pedigr. 

Augustus 9 — Pedigr. 

Enoch 6 — (68), 396 

Benjamin 5 — m. Browne — (48), 385-89 

Eunice Phelps 10 — m. Durkee — (112), 406 

Benjamin 6 — ra. (Bowles) Goodridge— (50), 390-92 

Fanny 10 — m. Bradley — (78), 404 

Benjamin 9 — m. Parmelee— (77), 403-04 

George Armour 12 — (105), 406 

Benjamin 10 — m. Griswold— (79), 404 

Hannah 6 — m. 1. Bigg, 

2. Mitchell, 

Burton C. u — m. Fiester— (104), 405-06 

3. Goffe— (66), 396 

Caleb Hitchcock 10 — (95), 405 

Hannah 6 — m. Griswold— (124), 407 

Charles Albert 11 — (119), 407 

Hannah 1 — (52), 392 

Charlotte N. 9 — m. Harrison — (142), 410 

Harriet 9 — m. Brooks — Pedigr. 

Clara 12 — Pedigr. 

Diadamia 10 — m. Lewis — (83), 404 

Henry 8 — m. Ford — Pedigr. 

Henry 10 — m. Shaw— (103), 405 

Ebenezer Bissell 10 — m. White — (111), 406-07 

Henry S. 12 — (ioi), 405 

Edward 9 — Pedigr. 

Herbert Bissell 11 — (117), 406 

Edward B. 12 — Pedigr. 

James 4 — (3), 366 

Edward Hart 10 — m. Torrey — (140), 410 

James 4 — (4), 366 

Eliza 9 — m. Selden — Pedigr. 

James 6 — (69), 396 

Eliza H. 9 — m. Chapman— Pedigr. 

Jane Deall 9 — m. Reynolds — (141), 410 

Elizabeth 6 — m. Pordage— (35)— 380 

J ennette 9 — Pedigr. 

Elizabeth 6 — m. Lord— (122), 407 

Jennette 9 — m. Brooks — Pedigr. 


2L£tl5e KvfttV 

Jennette Nicoll 10 — m. Denig — Pedigr. 

Phcebe 9 — m. Douglass — (91), 404 

John 6 -(33), 380 

Phcsbe Rosita 10 — m. Parmelee — (90), 404 

John Hart 8 — m. Nicoll— (137), 410 

Rebecca 7 — m. Willard— Pedigr. 

John Hart 9 — m. Havens— (139), 410 

Rebecca 9 — m. Blague— Pedigr. 

John Hart 10 — m. Underwood— Pedigr. 

Rebecca 9 — m. Clark— (93), 404 

Jones 9 — Pedigr. 

Rebecca 10 — m. Hull— (84), 404 

Joseph 6 -(47), 385 

Sally 9 — m. Pratt— Pedigr. 

Joseph 6 — m. Lord — (132), 409, 410 

Sally Hitchcock 10 — m. VanUxum — (109), 406 

Joseph 8 — m. Jones — Pedigr. 

Samuel 5 — m. 1. Ballard, 

LlZZE 7 — Pedigr. 

2. Brick, 

3. (Bendall) Allen— (8), 377-79 

Louisa 7 — Pedigr. 

Samuel 6 — m. 1. Clarke, 

Lucy' — Pedigr. 

2. (Palmes) Gray, 

Lucy Philetta 10 — m. Parmelee— (89), 404 

3. ( ) Huntington — (70), 402 

Samuel 3 — m. Waterhouse — (72), 403 

Lydia 7 — m. Bushnell— Pedigr. 

Samuel 9 — (75), 403 

Lydia 1 — m. Walter— (53), 392 

Margaret 9 — (92), 404 

Samuel 10 — m. Shipman — (81), 404 

Samuel A. 11 — m. Rutty— (80), 404 and Pedigr. 

Maria Louisa 11 — m. Schlater— (ioo), 405 

Samuel Willoughby 10 — m. Dugdale— (97), 405 

Marian 9 — m. Hawley — Pedigr. 

Sarah 5 — m. Newdigate— (67), 396 

Mary 6 — m. Valentine — (9), 377, 378-79 

Sarah 8 — m. Raymond— (126), 407 

Mary 7 — m. Oliver — (51), 392 

Sarah 7 — m. Willard— Pedigr. 

Mary Ann 9 — m. Middleton — Pedigr. 

Sarah 10 — (87), 404 

Mary E. 10 — m. Rugg — Pedigr. 

Sarah Hitchcock 10 — (102), 405 

Mary Finney 11 — (120), 407 

Sarah Jane 10 — m. Dickinson— Pedigr. 

Mary Pemberton 10 — m. Alvord— (96), 405 

Simon 4 — m. Newgate (or Newdigate)— (7), 359, 

Matthew 4 — m. , — (5), 370-71 and Pedigr. 

363. 371-77 

Myron 18 — Pedigr. 

Simon 6 — (32), 3S0 

Nathan 1 — m. Elizabeth , — (1), 364 

Simon 6 — (65), 396 

Nathaniel 5 — 

Susan 9 — m. Pratt— (135), 410 

m. 1. Willoughby, 

2. (Lee) Buckingham — (34), 380, 396-401 

Susannah 6 — m. 1. Willard, 

2. Gardner — (125), 407 

Nathaniel 6 — m. Pratt— (121), 407 

Susannah 7 — m. Griswold— Pedigr. 

Nathaniel 7 — Pedigr. 

William 6 — (49), 389-90 

Nathaniel 7 2d — Pedigr. 

William 7 — m. Hart — (133), 409-10 

Nathaniel 9 — m. 1. Hitchcock, 

2. Bissell— (94), 404-05 

William 8 — m. Kirtland — (134), 410 

Nathaniel 10 — (108), 406 

William 10 — m. Ely— Pedigr. 

Nathaniel 11 — (106), 406 

William Henry 9 — m. Kirtland— Pedigr. 

Nathaniel White 11 — (118), 406-07 

William Henry 11 — m. Noble— (99), 405 

a»ntre mXftv 

William Waterhouse 10 — m. Barnett — (98), 405 

Willoughby 9 — m. Blague (or Blake)— (74), 403 

WlLLOUGHBY 6 — (123), 407 

Willoughby 1 — m. Corey — (71), 402-03 

and Pedigr. 
Willoughby 10 — m. Jones— (88), 404 

WlLLOUGHBY 9 — (73), 403 


Adams, Caroline 10 — m. Oxnard — Pedigr. 

Ballord, Martha 10 — m. Mills — Pedigr. 

Adams, Frances Pickering 10 — m. Winthrop— 

Ballord, Mary 9 — m. Carroll— Pedigr. 


Ballord, Mary C. 11 — Pedigr. 

Adams, Helen Cordis 10 — m. Everett — Pedigr. 

Ballord, Mehitable 9 — m. Bates — Pedigr. 

Adams, Louisa 10 — m. Russell — Pedigr. 

Ballord, Nancy 9 — m. 1. Page, 

Baker, George Griswold 9 — Pedigr. 

2. Jacobs — Pedigr. 

Baker, Mary Anna 9 — m. Chappell— (156), 414 

Ballord, Nancy 10 — m. George— Pedigr. 

and Pedigr. 

Ballord, Polly 10 — m. Tourtellotte — Pedigr. 

Baker, Sarah R. 9 — m. Vincent — Pedigr. 

Ballord, Salem L. 10 — m. 1. Young, 

Ballord, Alice 9 — m. 1. Dyke, 

2. Warren — Pedigr. 

2. Jacobs— Pedigr. 

Ballord, Sarah 9 — m. Robinson — Pedigr. 

Ballord, Belle 19 — Pedigr. 

Ballord, Sarah R. 10 — m. Spauldin — Pedigr. 

Ballord, Bessie Webb 12 — Pedigr. 

Ballord, Valentine 10 — m. i, Joslyn, 

Ballord, Elizabeth 10 — m. Bruce— Pedigr. 

2. Holmes — Pedigr. 

Ballord, Elizabeth Gooch 9 — m. Stone — Pedigr. 

Ballord, Webb Rysse 15 — Pedigr. 

Ballord, Esek S. 11 — m. Webb— Pedigr. 

Ballord, William 9 — m. Haven — Pedigr. 

Ballord, Frances M." — Pedigr. 

Ballord, Winthrop Hilton 10 — 

m. 1. Holmes, 

2. Alton— Pedigr. 
Ballord, Zaccheus 10 — m. Whitney— Pedigr. 

Ballord, Hamilton 10 — m. 1. Prince, 

2. May, 

3. Austin — Pedigr. 

Ballord, John Bates 10 — m. Gilman — Pedigr. 

Bellows, Albert F. 11 — (37), 3S0 

Ballord, John Gilman 19 — Pedigr. 

Bellows, Albert Jones 10 — m. Fitch— Pedigr. 

Ballord, Katharine Augusta 11 — m. Taintor 

Ballord, Katharine Augusta 15 — m. Allen — 

Billings, Elizabeth Griswold 9 — m. Ransom— 

Billings, Nancy 9 — m. Otis — Pedigr. 

Bishop, Nathaniel W.'° — Pedigr. 

Ballord, Leon 13 — Pedigr. 
Ballord, Lynde 9 — m. 1. Bates, 

2. Green — Pedigr. 

Blague, Mary 10 — m. Berger — (151), 412 and 

Blague, Theodore 10 — m. Williamson — Pedigr. 

Ballord, Martha 9 — m. Bates— Pedigr. 

Blague, William 10 — Pedigr. 

future mntv 

Bowdoin, Elizabeth 1 — m. Pitts— (43), 384 

Griswold, Louisa 8 — m. Lay — Pedigr. 

Bowdoin, Elizabeth 8 — m. Temple— (40), 383 

Griswold, Lucretia 7 — m. Latimer — Pedigr. 

Bowdoin, James 7 — m. Erving— (38), 382-83 and 

Griswold, Lucy 8 — m. Waite — Pedigr. 


Griswold, Phcebe 8 — m. Troop — Pedigr. 

Bowdoin, James 8 — m. Bowdoin — (39), 383 and 

Bowdoin, James Bowdoin 10 Winthrop — Pedigr. 

Griswold, Sarah 8 — m. Sill — Pedigr. 
Griswold, Sylvanus 7 — m. Marvin — Pedigr. 

Bowdoin, John Temple 10 Winthrop — Pedigr. 

Harrison, Arthur W. 10 — Pedigr. 

Bowdoin, Judith 7 — m. Flucker — Pedigr. 

Harrison, Ella 10 — m. Federlein — Pedigr. 

Bowdoin, Samuel 7 — Pedigr. 

Harrison, Florence 10 — Pedigr. 

Bushnell, Lucy 8 — m. Hart — Pedigr. 

Harrison, Gertrude Plant 11 — (146), 410 

Coale, George Oliver George" — (6i), 395 

Harrison, Hart Lynde 10 — 

m. 1. Plant, 

Currier, Amelia Odin 10 — m. Richardson — 

2. White — (143), 410 


Harrison, Henry N. 10 — Pedigr. 

Currier, George Odin 10 — m. Richardson — 

Currier, Harriot Walter 10 — m. Stephenson— 

Harrison, Jeanette S. 10 — m. Loop— (147), 410 

Harrison, Paul Wolcott 11 — (145), 410 


Harrison, William Lynde 11 — (144), 410 

Currier, Mary Louisa 10 — m. Richardson — 

Hart, Harriet 10 — Pedigr. 


Hart, Henry 10 — m. Witter— Pedigr. 

Dolbeare, Frederick 10 — Pedigr. 

Hart, Lydia 9 — Pedigr. 

Dolbeare, Raymond 10 — (157), 414 

Hart, Mary 9 — m. Sill— Pedigr. 

Dorr, Esther 10 — m. Webb— Pedigr. 

Hart, Samuel 9 — m. Pratt — Pedigr. 

Dorr, Harriet 10 — m. Carpenter — Pedigr. 

Hawley, Augusta 10 — Pedigr. 

Dorr, Mary 10 — m. Schaefer — Pedigr. 

Hawley, Josephine 10 — Pedigr. 

Dorr, William 10 — Pedigr. 

Hawley, W. Austin 10 — Pedigr. 

Fiske, Mary M. 12 — Pedigr. 

Hefflon, George Henry 1 ' 2 — (86), 404 

Fitch, Joseph Valentine 11 — (22), 380 

Hefflon, Jessie Elmer 12 — Pedigr. 

Gardner, Mary 7 — Pedigr. 

Hefflon, Joseph Hubbard 12 — Pedigr. 

Gardner, Sarah 7 — Pedigr. 

Hefflon, Mark Lynde 1 '— Pedigr. 

Gardner, Susannah 7 — Pedigr. 

Hull, Anna Maria 11 — m. Hefflon — (85), 404 

Goodspeed, George Stephen 11 — ra. Mills — 

Huntington, Anne 8 — m. Huntington— Pedigr. 

Huntington, Hannah 8 — m. Collins — Pedigr. 

Goodspeed, Thomas Harper 12 — Pedigr. 

Huntington, Louisa 8 — m. Collins— Pedigr. 

Griswold, Elizabeth 7 — m. Raymond — (127), 

Huntington, Lynde 8 — Pedigr. 

Griswold, Hannah Lynde 8 — m. Morley — 

Huntington, Oliver 8 — Pedigr. 


Huntington, Sabett 8 — Pedigr. 

Griswold, Lois 8 — m. Mather — Pedigr. 

Lord, Ann 7 — m. McCurdy — Pedigr. 

asntrr MXttv 

Lord, Elizabeth 7 — m. Eliot — (150), 412 and 

McCleary, Samuel F. 10 — Pedigr. 

Manwaring, Anne 10 — Pedigr. 

Manwaring, Eliza 10 — m. Rogers— Pedigr. 

Morley, Benjamin Franklin 1 '— Pedigr. 

Morley, Caroline Mather 11 — Pedigr. 

Oliver, Andrew 11 — Pedigr. 

Oliver, Benjamin Lynde 8 — Pedigr. 

Oliver, Benjamin Lynde 9 — m. Briggs — Pedigr. 

Oliver, Charles Edward 11 — Pedigr. 

Oliver, Daniel 8 — Pedigr. 

Oliver, Daniel 9 — m. Pullen — (56), 393 and 

Morley, Charles Lynde 10 — m. Ayres — Pedigr. 

Oliver, Edward Pullen 11 — Pedigr. 

Morley, Charles Wesley 11 — m. Peck— Pedigr. 
Morley, David 9 — m. Mclntire— Pedigr. 

Oliver, Elizabeth Digby Belcher 9 — m. Free- 
man— Pedigr. 

Morley, David 10 — m. 1. Gillette, 

Oliver, Everard Lawrence 11 — Pedigr. 

2. Dwyer — Pedigr. 
Morley, Ellen Louisa 11 — m. Morris— Pedigr. 

Oliver, Fitch Edward 10 — m. Mason— (54), 392- 
93 and Pedigr. 

Morley, Eva 11 — m. Griswold — Pedigr. 

Oliver, Isabella Louisa 10 — (62), 395 

Morley, Frances Augusta 11 — 

m. 1. Sanders, 
2. Rice — Pedigr. 

Morley, Grace Darling 11 — m. Morris— Pedigr. 

Morley, John Dwyer 11 — m. Champion— Pedigr. 

Morley, Mary Elizabeth 11 — m. DeWolf — 

Oliver, Katharine Sewall 10 — m. Coale — (60), 

Oliver, Mary Ellen 10 — (59), 395 
Oliver, Mary Lynde 9 — m. Story — Pedigr. 
Oliver, Mary Mason 11 — Pedigr. 
Oliver, Peter 8 — Pedigr. 

Morley, Samuel McIntire" — Pedigr. 

Morley, Sylvanus Griswold 9 — m. Day — 

Oliver, Peter 10 — see Oliver, William Pyn- 

Oliver, Sarah Pynchon 9 — Pedigr. 

Morley, Sylvanus Griswold 10 — m. Smith — 

Oliver, Susan Lawrence 11 — Pedigr. 

Odin, Amelia Matilda 9 — m. Currier— Pedigr. 

Oliver, Thomas Fitch 8 — m. Pynchon — (55), 
393 and Pedigr. 

Odin, Ann 10 — Pedigr. 

Oliver, Thomas Fitch 9 — m. Brown— Pedigr. 

Odin, Charlotte Maria 9 — m. Richards — Pedigr. 

Oliver, William Pynchon 9 — Pedigr. 

Odin, Esther 9 — m. Dorr— Pedigr. 

Odin, Harriet 9 — m. Kellogg — Pedigr. 

Odin, John 9 — m. 1. Vose, 

2. Vose — Pedigr. 

Oliver, William Pynchon 10 (alias Peter) — 

(57). 393-94 
Otis, Elizabeth 10 — m. Sherman— Pedigr. 
Otis, James 10 — Pedigr. 

Odin, Louisa 10 — Pedigr. 

Parmelee, Harlow M. 11 — Pedigr. 

Odin, Louisa Brown 9 — m. Richards — Pedigr. 

Parmelee, Wilbur Fisk 11 — Pedigr. 

Odin, Mary Maynard 9 — Pedigr. 

Pitts, Elizabeth 8 — m. Brinley— Pedigr. 

Oliver, Andrew 8 — Pedigr. 

Pitts, Elizabeth 8 — m. Warner — Pedigr. 

Oliver, Andrew 9 — Pedigr. 

Pitts, James 8 — Pedigr. 

Oliver, Andrew 10 — m. Imlay — (58), 394-95 and 

Pitts, John 8 — m. Tyng — (44), 384, 385 and 

&2n&e Mtttv 

Pitts, Lendall 8 — m. Fitch— (46), 384 and Pedigr. 

Pitts, Samuel 8 — m. Davis— (45), 384 and Pedigr. 

Pitts, Thomas 8 — Pedigr. 

Pitts, William 8 — Pedigr. 

Pordage, Elizabeth 6 — Pedigr. 

Pordage, George 6 — Pedigr. 

Pordage, Hannah 6 — m. Bowdoin — (36), 380-81 

Pordage, Judith 6 — Pedigr. 

Pordage, Judith 6 — m. Ballard — Pedigr. 

Pordage, Samuel Pordage 6 — Pedigr. 

Pratt, Charles A. 10 — m. Randall — Pedigr. 

Pratt, Eliza 10 — m. Pratt— Pedigr. 

Pratt, John Heber 10 — m. Cook — Pedigr. 

Pratt, Mary Josephine 10 — Pedigr. 

Pratt, Ransom 10 — Pedigr. 

Pratt, Richard E. 10 ^— Pedigr. 

Pratt, Sarah 10 — m. Pratt— Pedigr. 

Pratt, Susan Stewart 10 — m. Chalker — (136), 
410 and Pedigr. 

Pratt, William Lynde 10 — Pedigr. 

Ransom, Elizabeth Griswold 10 — (158), 414 

Raymond, Alice Lynde 11 — (154), 413 

Raymond, Anne Lynde 8 — 

m. 1. Billings, 

2. Dennison — Pedigr. 

Raymond, Arthur M. 12 — Pedigr. 

Raymond, Caroline Paddock 11 — m. Perkins — 

Raymond, Charles Huntington 11 — m. Jerome 
— Pedigr. 

Raymond, Eleanor 8 — Pedigr. 
Raymond, Eliza Rogers 10 — m. Geer — Pedigr. 
Raymond, Elizabeth 8 — m. West — Pedigr. 
Raymond, Elizabeth Griswold 9 — Pedigr. 
Raymond, Ella Willoughby 11 — m. Goodwin— 

Raymond, Eunice 8 — Pedigr. 
Raymond, Eunice 9 — Pedigr. 

Raymond, Eunice Ann"— m. 1. Ames, 

2. Allyn— Pedigr. 

Raymond, George 8 — m. Smith — (128), 40S 

Raymond, George 9 — 
m. 1. Rogers, 

2. Peabody, 

3. Waterman— (129), 408 and Pedigr. 

Raymond, George C. 12 — Pedigr. 

Raymond, George Clark 11 — m. Smith — (131), 
408 and Pedigr. 

Raymond, Gilbert Smith 10 — Pedigr. 

Raymond, Hannah 8 — Pedigr. 

Raymond, John 8 — m. Raymond — Pedigr. 

Raymond, Laura Augusta 10 — m. Hageman — 

Raymond, Lucy J. 11 — m.Bulkley — (155), 413 and 

Raymond, Martha Denison 10 — m. Reynolds — 


Raymond, Mary Caroline 10 — m. Goodspeed— 

Raymond, Mercy 8 — Pedigr. 
Raymond, Mercy 9 — (153), 413 
Raymond, Nancy 9 — m. Dolbeare — Pedigr. 
Raymond, Nathaniel Lynde 8 — m. Raymond — 


Raymond, Sarah 8 — m. Baker — Pedigr. 

Raymond, Sylvanus 8 — Pedigr. 

Raymond, Theodore 10 — m. Clark — (130), 408-09 
and Pedigr. 

Raymond, Theodore 12 — Pedigr. 

Raymond, William 8 — Pedigr. 

Raymond, William 9 — m. Manwaring — Pedigr. 

Raymond, William 10 — m. Raymond — Pedigr. 

Reynolds, Charlotte Augusta 10 — m. Finley— 

Reynolds, Elizabeth Lynde 10 — m. Porter — 
(138), 410 and Pedigr. 

Reynolds, George Albert 10 — m. Newhall — 

Reynolds, William Augustus 10 — m. DeBelem 
— Pedigr. 

2L»ntre mtfcv 

Richards, Charlotte Elizabeth 10 — m.Walcott 

— Pedigr. 
Richards, Eliza Boardman 10 — Pedigr. 
Richards, George Edward 10 — m. Mitchell — 

Richards, William Reuben 10 — Pedigr. 
Russell, Alice 11 — Pedigr. 
Russell, Edith 11 — m. Playfair— (64), 395 
Selden, Eliza P. 10 — m. Geer— Pedigr. 
Selden, Richard Lynde 10 — m. Loper— Pedigr. 
Selden, S. Hart 10 — m. Lay — Pedigr. 
Selden, William E. 10 — m. Warner— Pedigr. 
Sill, Charles Elisha 10 — m. Bull— Pedigr. 
Sill, Edward Oorvell 14 — Pedigr. 
Sill, George Augustus 10 — Pedigr. 
Sill, George Augustus 10 2d — Pedigr. 
Sill, Henry Richard 10 — Pedigr. 
Sill, Horace 10 — m. 1. Bromley, 

2. Bantee — Pedigr. 
Sill, Lydia Hart 10 — Pedigr. 
Sill, Roderic William 10 — m. Bull— Pedigr. 
Tappan, Benjamin 11 — Pedigr. 

Tappan, Elizabeth Temple 11 — m. Webb — 

Tappan, Mary Augusta 11 — m. Fiske— Pedigr. 

Tappan, Winthrop 11 — Pedigr. 

Temple, Elizabeth Bowdoin 9 — m. Winthrop— 
(41), 383 and Pedigr. 

Temple, Grenville 9 — Pedigr. 

Valentine, Adeline 10 — m. Fitch — Pedigr. 

Valentine, Edmund'— (14), 379 

Valentine, Edmund' — (31), 380 

Valentine, Elizabeth'— m. Gooch— (12), 379 

Valentine, Elizabeth 8 — m. Ballord (or Ballard) 

-(18), 379 
Valentine, Frances Erving 10 — m. Weston — 

(10), 377 
Valentine, Hannnah 8 — (28), 380 

Valentine, Hannah 9 — m. Bellows — Pedigr. 

Valentine, Hester 8 — (23), 380 

Valentine, Hester 8 — (24), 380 

Valentine, James 8 — (17), 379 

Valentine, John'— (13), 379 

Valentine, John 8 — (19), 379 

Valentine, Joseph 8 — (20), 380 

Valentine, Joseph 9 — m. Haven— (21), 380 and 

Valentine, Lawson 9 — m. Price — (26), 380 and 

Valentine, Mary' — (30), 3S0 
Valentine, Mary 8 — m. Ballard— (27), 380 
Valentine, Samuel 1 — m. 1. Durfee, 

2. Hall-(n), 379 
Valentine, Samuel 8 — m. Jones— (25), 380 
Valentine, Sarah Bowen 9 — Pedigr. 
Valentine, Thomas'— m. Gooch— (15), 379 
Valentine, Thomas 8 — m. — — , —(16), 379 and 

Valentine, William 8 — m. Jones — (29), 380 
VanUxum, Lynde 11 — (no), 406 
Waite, Susanna 9 — m. Manwaring— Pedigr. 
Walter, Arthur Maynard 8 — Pedigr. 

Walter, Caroline Hazlerig 9 — m. Adams — 

Walter, Cornelia Wells 9 — hi. Richards— (63), 

360, 395 
Walter, Harriot Tynge 8 — m. Odin — Pedigr. 
Walter, Jane 9 — m. McCleary — Pedigr. 
Walter, Louisa Ann 9 — m. Adams — Pedigr. 

Walter, Lynde 8 — m. 1. Buskirk, 

2. Minshull— Pedigr. 

Walter, Lynde Minshull 9 — Pedigr. 

Walter, Maria Lynde 9 — m. McCleary— Pedigr. 

Walter, Mary Lynde 8 — m. Smith— Pedigr. 

Walter, Thomas 8 — Pedigr. 

Walter, William 8 — Pedigr. 


?i»ntre mntv 

Walter, William 8 — m. Bicker — Pedigr. 

Winthrop, Augusta Temple 10 — m. Rogers — 

Willard, Abigail 8 — m. i. Chalker, 


2. Monroe — Pedigr. 

Winthrop, Clara Bowdoin 18 — Pedigr. 

Willard, Eli as 9 — Pedigr. 

Winthrop, Eliza Cabot 11 — Pedigr. 

Willard, Hannah 8 — Pedigr. 

Winthrop, Elizabeth Bowdoin Temple 10 — m. 

Willard, Harriet 10 — Pedigr. 

Tappan — Pedigr. 

Willard, John 10 — 

Winthrop, Francis William 10 — Pedigr. 

m. i. Dowd, 

Winthrop, Francis William 10 2d— Pedigr. 

2. ( ) Dorrance — Pedigr. 

Winthrop, George Edward 10 — Pedigr. 

Willard, Joseph'— Pedigr. 

Winthrop, Grenville Temple 10 — m. Heard — 

Willard, Joseph 8 — ra. Reeves — Pedigr. 


Willard, Lavinia 9 — m. Shipman — Pedigr. 

Winthrop, James Bowdoin 10 — see Bowdoin, 

Willard, Lucy 9 — Pedigr. 

J. B. w. 

Willard, Mary 10 — m. Crane — Pedigr. 
Willard, Nathaniel 8 — m. Jones — Pedigr. 

Winthrop, Jane 10 — Pedigr. 
Winthrop, John Temple 10 — see Bowdoin, J. 
T. W. 

Willard, Nathaniel 9 — Pedigr. 
Willard, Rebecca 8 — Pedigr. 

Winthrop, John Winthrop 11 — m. Weyman — 

Willard, Samuel 8 — Pedigr. 

Winthrop, Margaret Tyndall 1 ' — Pedigr. 

Willard, Samuel 9 — Pedigr. 

Winthrop, Robert Charles 10 — 

Willard, Sarah 8 — Pedigr. 
Willard, Sarah 9 — Pedigr. 

m. I. Blanchard, 

2. (Derby) Welles, 

3. (Granger) Thayer — (42), 383 and Pedigr. 

Willard, Sarah 9 — m. Bishop — Pedigr. 

Winthrop, Robert Charles 11 — 

Willard, William' — Pedigr. 

m. 1. Adams, 

Willard, William 9 — m. i. Hart, 

2. Mason — Pedigr. 

2. Pratt, 

Winthrop, Robert Mason 12 — Pedigr. 

3. Ayre — Pedigr. 

Winthrop, Sarah Bowdoin 111 — m. Sullivan — 

Willard, William 10 — Pedigr. 


Winthrop, Anne 10 — m. Warren — Pedigr. 

Winthrop, Thomas Lindall 10 — Pedigr. 

Winthrop, Augusta Temple 10 — Pedigr. 

Winthrop, Thomas Lindall 11 — Pedigr. 

Hijntre MXitv 


, Elizabeth— m. Nathan (i) Lynde— 364 

Adams, Benjamin — ra. Louisa Ann 9 Walter — 

Adams, Charles F. — m. Caroline Hazlerig 9 

Walter— Pedigr. 
Adams, Frances Pickering 10 — m. Robert 

Charles 11 Winthrop— Pedigr. 

Allen, Leon — m. Katharine Augusta 1 ' Ballord 

Allen, Mary Anna (Bendall) — m. Samuel (8) 
Lynde— 377 

Allyn, Calvin — m. Eunice Ann 11 (Raymond) 

Ames — Pedigr. 
Alton, Salome Joslyn — m. Winthrop Hilton 10 

Ballord— Pedigr. 

Alvord, Elijah S. — m. Mary Pemberton (96) 
Lynde— 405 

Ames, Charles F— m. Eunice Ann 11 Raymond 
— Pedigr. 

Austin, Sarah— m. Hamilton 10 Ballord— Pedigr. 

Ayre, Laura— m. William 9 Willard— Pedigr. 

Ayres, Betsey— m. Charles Lynde 10 Morley— 

Baker, Daniel — m. Sarah 8 Raymond — Pedigr. 

Ballard, Jervis— m. Judith 6 Pordage— Pedigr. 

Ballard, Joseph— m. Mary (27) Valentine— 380 

Ballard, Mary— m. Samuel (8) Lynde— 377 

Ballard, Zaccheus— see Ballord 

Ballord (or Ballard), Zaccheus— m. Elizabeth 
(18) Valentine— 379 and Pedigr. 

Bantee, Sarah — m. Horace 10 Sill — Pedigr. 

Barnett, Mary — m. William Waterhouse (98) 
Lynde— 405 

Bates, James — m. Martha 9 Ballord — Pedigr. 

Bates, Orin — m. Mehitable 9 Ballord — Pedigr. 

Bates, Polly — m. Lynde 9 Ballord— Pedigr. 

Bellows, Asahel — m. Hannah 9 Valentine — 

Berger, Ebenezer H. — m. Mary (151) Blague — 

Bicker, Sarah— m. William 8 Walter— Pedigr. 

Bigg, John — m. Hannah (66) Lynde — 396 

Billings, Stephen— m. Anne Lynde 8 Raymond 

Bishop, Abram— m. Elizabeth D. (Nicoll) Lynde 

Bishop, Daniel — m. Sarah 9 Willard — Pedigr. 
Bissell, Eunice Phelps — m. Nathaniel (94) 

Lynde — 405 
Blague, Giles— m. Rebecca 9 Lynde — Pedigr. 

Blague (or Blake), Mary — m. Willoughby (74) 

Lynde — 403 and Pedigr. 
Blake, Mary— see Blague 

Blanchard, Eliza Cabot — m. Robert Charles 
(42) Winthrop— Pedigr. 

Bowdoin, James— m. Hannah (36) Pordage— 

Bowdoin, Sarah — m. James (39) Bowdoin— 

Bradley, Benjamin— m. Fanny (78) Lynde— 404 

Brick, Mary— m. Samuel (8) Lynde— 377 

Briggs, Frances— m. Benjamin Lynde 9 Oliver 

Brinley, Robert — m. Elizabeth 8 Pitts — Pedigr. 

Bromley, Nancy — m. Horace 10 Sill — Pedigr. 

Brooks, Baniah— m. Harriet 9 Lynde— Pedigr. 

Brooks, Baniah— m. Jennette 9 Lynde— Pedigt. 

Brown, Margaret — m. Thomas Fitch 9 Oliver — 

Browne. Mary — m. Benjamin (48) Lynde — 386 

Bruce, Albertus S.— m. Elizabeth 10 Ballord— 

Buckingham, Sarah (Lee)— m. Nathaniel (34) 
Lynde — 397-98 

Bulkley, Enoch— m. Lucy J. (155) Raymond— 
413 and Pedigr. 


Hffti&ir mrttv 

Bull, J Annette — m. Charles Elisha 10 Sill— 

Dennison, George — m. Anne Lynde 8 (Raymond) 
Billings— Pedigr. 

Bull, Louise C. — m. Roderic William 10 Sill — 

DeWolf, Asahel — m. Mary Elizabeth 11 Morley 

Bushnell, John — m. Lydia 1 Lynde — Pedigr. 

Dickinson, Charles — m. Sarah Jane 10 Lynde — 

Buskirk, Maria V. — m. Lynde 8 Walter — Pedigr. 

Carpenter, , — m. Harriet 10 Dorr — Pedigr. 

Carroll, N. — m. Mary 9 Ballord — Pedigr. 
Chalker, Abram — m. Abigail 8 Willard— Pedigr. 

Digby, Elizabeth — m. Enoch (2) Lynde— 363, 

364, 365-66 
Dolbeare, William — m. Nancy 9 Raymond — 


Chalker, George S. — m. Susan Stewart (136) 

Pratt— 410 and Pedigr. 
Champion, Agnes J. — m. John Dwyer 11 Morley 

Chapman, Ambrose — m. Eliza H. 9 Lynde — 


Dorr, Benjamin — m. Esther 9 Odin — Pedigr. 

Dorrance, Mary ( ), — m. John 10 Willard 

— Pedigr. 
Douglass, Daniel — m. Phcebe (91) Lynde — 404 
Dowd, Azubah K. — m. John 10 Willard — Pedigr. 

Chappell, , — m. Mary Anna (156) Baker 

— 414 and Pedigr. 

Dugdale, Sarah — m. Samuel Willoughby (97) 
Lynde — 405 

Christophers, Elizabeth— m. Joshua Raymond 

Durfee, Abigail— m. Samuel (11) Valentine — 

Clark, Jedediah — m. Rebecca (93) Lynde — 404 

Durkee, James N. — m. Eunice Phelps (112) 

Lynde — 406 
Dwyer, Caroline Wightman — m. David 10 

Clark, Sarah B. — m. Theodore (130) Raymond 

Clarke, Rebecca — m. Samuel (70) Lynde — 402 
Coale, William Edward — m. Katharine Sewall 
(60) Oliver— 395 

Morley — Pedigr. 
Dyke, Joseph— m. Alice 9 Ballord — Pedigr. 
Eliot, Jared — m. Elizabeth (150) Lord — Pedigr. 

Collins, Lewis — m. Hannah 8 Huntington — 

Ely, Elizabeth — m. William 10 Lynde — Pedigr. 


Erving, Elizabeth — m. James (3S) Bowdoin — 

Collins, Lewis — m. Louisa 8 Huntington — 


Cook, Susie— m. John Heber 10 Pratt — Pedigr. 

Everett, E. B. — m. Helen Cordis 10 Adams — 

Corey, Margaret — m. Willoughby (71) Lynde 

Federlein, Gottlieb — m. Ella 10 Harrison — 

Crane, Russell— m. Mary 10 Willard— Pedigr. 

Fiester, Ella— m. Burton C. (104) Lynde— 

Currier, Benjamin Hall— m. Amelia Matilda 9 


Odin— Pedigr. 

Finley, Henry Hamilton — m. Charlotte Au- 

Davis, Johanna — m. Samuel (45) Pitts — Pedigr. 

gusta 10 Reynolds — Pedigr. 

Day, Anne — m. Sylvanus Griswold 9 Morley — 

Fiske, John O— m. Mary Augusta" Tappan— 

DeBelem, Rosalie Constance — m. William 
Augustus 10 Reynolds — Pedigr. 

Fitch, Elizabeth — m. Lendall (46) Pitts — 

Denig, George Albert — m. Jennette Nicoll 1 " 
Ly n d e — Pedigr. 

Fitch, Nathaniel H.— m. Adeline 10 Valentine 
— Pedigr. 

2Lgn&e MXitp 

Fitch, Pamelia A.— m. Albert Jones 10 Bellows 
— Pedigr. 

Flucker, Thomas — m. Judith 7 Bowdoin — Pedigr. 

Ford, Elizabeth — m. Henry 8 Lynde — Pedigr. 

Foster, Pierrepont B. — m. Elizabeth A. (148) 
(Lynde) Huggins — 410 

Freeman, J. — m. Elizabeth Digby Belcher 9 
Oliver— Pedigr. 

Gardner, Andrew — ra. Susannah (125) (Lynde) 
Willard — 407 

Geer, Elihu — m. Eliza P. 10 Selden — Pedigr. 

Geer, Oliver J. — m. Eliza Rogers 10 Raymond — 

George, John — m. Nancy 10 Ballord — Pedigr. 

Gillette, Sarah Hartshorn — m. David 10 Mor- 
ley— Pedigr. 

Gilman, Augusta — m. John Bates 10 Ballord — 

Goffe, Edmond — m. Hannah (66) (Lynde) Bigg 
Mitchell— 396 

Gooch, Elizabeth — m. Thomas (15) Valentine 

Gooch, Joseph — m. Elizabeth (12) Valentine — 

Goodridge, Mary (Bowles) — m. Benjamin (50) 

Lynde — 392 

Goodspeed, Edgar J. — m. Mary Caroline 10 
Raymond — Pedigr. 

Goodwin, John — m. Ella Willoughby 11 Ray- 
mond — Pedigr. 

Gray, Lucy (Palmes)— m. Samuel (70) Lynde 

Green, Annie — m. Lynde 9 Ballord — Pedigr. 

Griswold, Charles H. — m. Eva 11 Morley - 

Griswold, George — m. Hannah (124) Lynde- 

Griswold, Lucinda — m. Benjamin (79) Lynde- 

Griswold, Thomas — m. Susannah 1 Lynde - 

Hageman, John A. — m. Laura Augusta 10 Ray- 
mond — Pedigr. 
Hall, Rebecca — m. Samuel (11) Valentine — 379 

Harrison, James — m. Charlotte N. (142) Lynde 
— 410 

Hart, Harriet — m. William 9 Willard — Pedigr. 

Hart, Rebecca— m. William (133) Lynde— 410 

Hart, Samuel— m. Lucy 8 Bushnell— Pedigr. 

Haven, Fanny — m. Joseph (21) Valentine — 

Haven, Sarah— m. William 9 Ballord— Pedigr. 

Havens, Harriette— m. John Hart (139) Lynde 
— 410 

Hawley, David A.— m. Marian 9 Lynde— Pedigr. 

Heard, Frances Maria — m. Grenville Temple 10 

Winthrop — Pedigr. 
Hefflon George S.— m. Anna Maria (85) Hull 

Hitchcock, Sally— m. Nathaniel (94) Lynde— 


Holmes, Abigail— m. Winthrop Hilton 10 Ballord 
— Pedigr. 

Holmes, Ellen — m. Valentine 10 Ballord — Pedigr. 
Huggins, Henry — m. Elizabeth A. (148) Lynde 

Hull, Henry— m. Rebecca (84) Lynde— 404 
Huntington, Caleb— m. Anne 8 Huntington— 

Huntington, Hannah ( ), — m. Samuel (70) 

Lynde — 402 

Huntington, Oliver — m. Anne 7 Lynde — Pedigr. 
Imlay, Adelaide — m. Andrew (58) Oliver — 

Jacobs, Abel — m. Nancy 9 (Ballord) Page — 

Jacobs, John— m. Alice 9 (Ballord) Dyke— Pedigr. 

Jerome, Kitty— m. Charles Huntington 11 Ray- 
mond — Pedigr. 

Jones, Elizabeth— m. Joseph 8 Lynde— Pedigr. 

Jones, Elizabeth — m. Samuel (25) Valentine — 


agufce Kttttv 

Jones, Elizabeth — m. William (2g) Valentine — 

Jones, Matilda — m. Willoughby (88) Lynde — 

Jones, Sibyl — m. Nathaniel 8 Willard — Pedigr. 
Joslyn, Achsah — m.Valentine 10 Ballord — Pedigr. 
Kellogg, Day Otis — m. Harriet Odin — Pedigr. 
Kirtland, Maria — m. William Henry 9 Lynde — 


Kirtland, Sarah — m. William (134) Lynde — 

Kirtland, William W. — m.Emeline (152) Lynde 

Latimer, Jonathan — m. Lucretia 7 Griswold — 

Lay, Lee — m. Louisa 8 Griswold — Pedigr. 
Lay, Sarah— m. S. Hart 10 Selden— Pedigr. 

Lewis, Ansel — m. Diadamia (83) Lynde — 404 

Loop, Henry A.— m. Jeanette S. (147) Harrison 

Loper, Sarah — m. Richard Lynde 10 Selden — 

Lord, Ann — m. Joseph (132) Lynde — 409 

Lord, Richard — m. Elizabeth (122) Lynde — 407 

McCleary, Samuel F. — 

m. 1. Jane 9 Walter, 

2. Maria Lynde 9 Walter— Pedigr. 

McCurdy, John — m. Ann 7 Lord — Pedigr. 

McIntire, Harriet — m. David 9 Morley — Pedigr. 

Manwaring, Elizabeth — m. William 9 Raymond 
— Pedigr. 

Manwaring, Jabez — m. Susanna 9 Wa'rte— Pedigr. 

Marvin, Elizabeth — m. Sylvanus 7 Griswold — 

Mason, Elizabeth — m. Robert Charles 11 Win- 

throp — Pedigr. 
Mason, Susan Lawrence — m. Fitch Edward 

(54) Oliver — Pedigr. 

Mather, Samuel — m. Lois 8 Griswold — Pedigr. 

May, Ruth — m. Hamilton 10 Ballord — Pedigr. 

Middleton, Daniel — m. Mary Ann' Lynde — 

Mills, Florence Clark Duffy — m. George 

Stephen" Goodspeed — Pedigr. 
Mills, Frederick — m. Martha 10 Ballord — 

Minsiiull, Ann— m. Lynde 8 Walter — Pedigr. 
Mitchell, Anna — m. George Edward 10 Richards 

— Pedigr. 
Mitchell, Jonathan — m. Hannah (66) (Lynde) 

Bigg— 396 
Monroe, , — m. Abigail 8 (Willard) Chalker 

— Pedigr. 
Morley, David — m. Hannah Lynde 8 Griswold — 


Morris, Richard — 

m. I. Ellen Louisa 11 Morley, 

2. Grace Darling 11 Morley — Pedigr. 

Mumford, Thomas — m. a dau. of Sarah (67) 

(Lynde) Newdigate — Pedigr. 
Newdigate, Hannah — m. Simon (7) Lynde — 

364, 372 
Newdigate, Nathaniel — m. Sarah (67) Lynde — 


Newhall, Harriette — m. George Albert 10 Rey- 
nolds — Pedigr. 
Nicoll, Elizabeth D. — 

m. 1. John Hart (137) Lynde, 

2. Abrara Bishop — 410 and Pedigr. 

Noble, , — m. William Henry (99) Lynde — 

Odin, John — m. Harriot Tynge 8 Walter — Pedigr. 
Oliver, Andrew — m. Mary (51) Lynde — 392 
Osgood, Isaac Peabody— m. Mary Ann (Price) 

Valentine — Pedigr. 
Otis, Joseph — m. Nancy Billings — Pedigr. 
Oxnard, George D. — m. Caroline 10 Adams — 


Page, , — m. Nancy Ballord — Pedigr. 

Parmelee, Diadamia— m. Benjamin (77) Lynde 

Parmelee, Eliab H, — m. Lucy Philetta (8g) 

Lynde — 404 

Parmelee, Orrin — m. Phoebe Rosita (90) Lynde 

2L£titre Kntrtr 

Peabody, Eliza — m. George (129) Raymond — 

Peck, Eliza Jane — m. Charles Wesley" Morley 

Perkins, Robert — m. Caroline Paddock 11 Ray- 
mond — Pedigr. 

Pitts, James— m. Elizabeth (43) Bowdoin— 384 

Plant, Sarah F. — m. Hart Lynde (143) Harrison 

Playfair, Lyon — m. Edith (64) Russell — 395 

Pordage (or Portage), George — m. Elizabeth 

(35) Lynde— 380 
Porter, Howard Augustus — m. Elizabeth 

Lynde (138) Reynolds — 410 and Pedigr. 

Pratt, Charlotte — m. Alanson (82) Lynde — 

Pratt, Gilbert — m. Eliza 10 Pratt — Pedigr. 
Pratt, Gilbert — m. Sarah 10 Pratt — Pedigr. 
Pratt, Mercy— m. Samuel 9 Hart — Pedigr. 

Pratt, Richard E. — m. Susan (135) Lynde — 

Pratt, Sarah — m. Nathaniel (121) Lynde— 407 

Pratt, Sophia— m. William 9 Willard— Pedigr. 

Pratt, William — m. Sally 9 Lynde— Pedigr. 

Prescott, John — m. Ann (149) Lynde — 410-11 

Price, Mary Ann— 

m. 1. Lawson (26) Valentine, 

2. Isaac Peabody Osgood — Pedigr. 

Prince, Julia— m. Hamilton 10 Ballord— Pedigr. 

Pullen, Mary R. — m. Daniel (56) Oliver — 

Pynchon, Sarah — m. Thomas Fitch (55) Oliver 
— Pedigr. 

Randall, Mary— m. Charles A. 10 Pratt — Pedigr. 

Ransom, Stephen — m. Elizabeth Griswold 9 Bil- 
lings — Pedigr. 

a. William 10 Raymond- 

Raymond, Eunice 

Raymond, John — m. Elizabeth (127) Griswold- 

Raymond, Joshua- 

Elizabeth Christophers, 
2. Sarah (126) Lynde — 407- 

Raymond, Louisa — m. Nathaniel Lynde 8 Ray- 
mond — Pedigr. 
Raymond, Mercy — m. John 8 Raymond — Pedigr. 
Reeves, , — m. Joseph 8 Willard — Pedigr. 

Reynolds, Alpheus — m. Martha Denison 10 Ray- 
mond — Pedigr. 

Reynolds, William Augustus — m. Jane Deall 

(141) Lynde — 410 
Rice, Walter A. — m. Frances Augusta 11 (Morley) 

Sanders — Pedigr. 
Richards, Reuben— 
m. 1. , 

2. Charlotte Maria 9 Odin, 

3. Louisa Brown 9 Odin— Pedigr. 
Richards, William B. — m. Cornelia Wells (63) 

Walter — 395 and Pedigr. 
Richardson, Anna — m. George Odin 10 Currier 

— Pedigr. 
Richardson, Charles H. — m. Mary Louisa 10 

Currier — Pedigr. 
Richardson, Joseph — m. Amelia Odin 10 Currier 

— Pedigr. 
Robinson, M. — m. Sarah 9 Ballord — Pedigr. 

Rogers, , — m. Eliza 10 Manwaring — Pedigr. 

Rogers, Elizabeth B. — m. George (129) Ray- 
mond — 408 
Rogers, John Smyth — m. Augusta Temple 10 

Win thro p — Pedigr. 
Rugg, Asa W— m. Mary E. 10 Lynde— Pedigr. 
Russell, Samuel H. — m. Louisa 10 Adams — 

Rutty, Julia — m. Samuel A. (80) Lynde — Pedigr. 

Sanders, Ans 

-m. Frances Augusta 11 Morley 

Mary 1 " Dorr— Pedigr. 
Maria Louisa (100) Lynde 

Schlater, — 

Selden, Richard E. — m. Eliza 9 Lynde — Pedigr. 
Shaw, Ann C— m. Henry (103) Lynde— 405 

Sherman, Nathan Gould— m. Elizabeth 10 Otis 
— Pedigr. 

Shipman, John — m. Lavinia 9 Willard — Pedigr. 


ILsutre itnxitv 

Shipman, Roxian J.— m. Samuel (81) Lynde — 

Sill, David Fithin — m. Sarah 8 Griswold — 

Sill, Elisha — m. Mary 9 Hart — Pedigr. 

Smith, Helen M— m. George Clark (131) Ray- 
mond — Pedigr. 

Smith, Martha — m. George (128) Raymond — 

Smith, Mary Lovisa — m. Sylvanus Griswold 10 
Morley — Pedigr. 

Smith, N. — m. Mary Lynde 8 Walter — Pedigr. 

Spauldin, Simon — m. Sarah R.'° Ballord — Pedigr. 

Stephenson, Harris M. — m. Harriot Walter 10 

Currier — Pedigr. 
Stone, Hezekiah — m Elizabeth Gooch 9 Ballord 

Story, Joseph — m. Mary Lynde 9 Oliver — Pedigr. 
Sullivan, George — m. Sarah Bowdoin 10 Win- 

throp — Pedigr. 

Taintor, J. U.—m. Katharine Augusta 11 Ballord 
— Pedigr. 

Tappan, Benjamin — m. Elizabeth Bowdoin Tem- 
ple 10 Winthrop — Pedigr. 

Temple, John — m. Elizabeth (40) Bowdoin — 383 

Thayer, Adeline (Granger)— m. Robert Charles 
(42) Winthrop — Pedigr. 

Torrey, Josephine Louise — m. Edward Hart 
(140) Lynde — 410 

Tourtellotte, Jacob — m. Polly 10 Ballord — 

Troop, Dyar — m. Phcebe 8 Griswold — Pedigr. 

Tyng, Elizabeth — m. John (44) Pitts — Pedigr. 

Underwood, Mehitable — m. John Hart 10 Lynde 

Valentine, John— m. Mary (9) Lynde— 377, 379 
VanUxum, James — m. Sally Hitchcock (109) 
Lynde — 406 

Vincent, , — m. Sarah R. 9 Baker— Pedigr. 

Vose, Ann — m. John 9 Odin — Pedigr. 
Vose, Louisa — m. John 9 Odin — Pedigr. 

Waite, Richard— m. Lucy 8 Griswold — Pedigr. 

Walcott, Henry Pickering — m. Charlotte 
Elizabeth 10 Richards— Pedigr. 

Walter, William — m. Lydia (53) Lynde — 392, 

Warner, Elizabeth — m. William E. 10 Selden — 


Warner, Jonathan — m. Elizabeth 8 Pitts — 

Warren, Harriet — m. Salem L. 10 Ballord — 

Warren, John Collins — m. Anne 10 Winthrop — 

Waterhouse, Phcebe — m. Samuel (72) Lynde — 

Waterman, Hannah— m. George (129) Raymond 


Webb, , — m. Esther 10 Dorr— Pedigr. 

Webb, E. B— m. Elizabeth Temple 11 Tappan— 

Webb, Frances A. — m. Esek S. 11 Ballord — 

Welles, Laura (Derby) — m. Robert Charles 
(42) Winthrop — Pedigr. 

West, Joshua— m. Elizabeth 8 Raymond— Pedigr. 

Weston, Samuel Martin— m. Frances Erving 
(10) Valentine— 377 and Pedigr. 

Weyman, Isabella Cowpland — m. John Win. 
throp 11 Winthrop — Pedigr. 

White, Harriett S. — m. Hart Lynde (143) Har- 
rison — 410 

White, Horace— m. Ellen Augusta (113) Lynde 
— 406 

White, Minerva Jane — m. Ebenezer Bissell 
(in) Lynde— 406 

Whitney, Mary Ann — m. Zaccheus 10 Ballord 

Willard, Joseph— m. Susannah (125) Lynde— 

Willard, Samuel — m. Rebecca 1 Lynde — Pedigr. 

Willard, Samuel— m. Sarah 1 Lynde— Pedigr. 

Williamson, Lizzie — m. Theodore 10 Blague — 


2Lgu*re Xntitv 

Willoughby, Susannah — m. Nathaniel (34) 

Lynde— 396-97 
Winthrop, Robert Charles 11 — 

m. 1. Frances Pickering 1 " Adams, 
2. Elizabeth Mason — Pedigr. 

Winthrop, Thomas Lindall — m. Elizabeth 
Bowdoin (41) Temple — 383 and Pedigr. 

Witter, Mary A. — m. Henry 10 Hart — Pedigr. 

. Elizabeth Allen (107) 

Woodward, Charles 
Lynde— 406 

Young, Freelove ■ 

m. Salem L. 10 Ballord- 

pp. 427-471 


Aelmar 1 — m. , — (1), 433 

Henry 22 — m. 1. Fielding, 

Anthony 14 — Pedigr. 

2. Knowler — (54), 469 and Pedigr. 

Catharine 10 — Pedigr. 

Henry 23 — m. (Coke) Howard — Pedigr. 

Charlotte Maria 93 — m. Wingfield— (56), 469 

Hugh 6 — (n), 434 

Dervorgnilla 18 — m. Hunt — Pedigr. 

Isabella 16 — m. Lascelles — (29), 442 

Diana 19 — m. de Mol— (47), 465 

Joan 10 — Pedigr. 

Edward 21 — m. Fox— Pedigr. 

Tohn 2 — (2), 433 

Edward 82 — m. , — (53), 469 

John 8 — m. Harcourt — (9), 434 

Edward 18 — (55), 469 

John 1 — m. Wake — (13), 434 

Edward Henry Trafalgar 26 — Pedigr. 

John 8 — m. Oseville — (16), 434 

Edward St.Vincent 84 — m. Fox-Strangways — 

John 12 — m. Lee — (21), 435 and Pedigr. 

(58), 469-70 

John 13 — m. 1. Griffin, 

Elizabeth 11 — m. Lynde — (38), 445 and Pedigr. 

2. Willoughby — (23), 436-38 

Everard 2 — m. Bretton (or Brereton)— (3), 433 

John 15 — m. Parr — (25), 441, 443 

Everard 11 — m. Clarke — (19), 435 

John 15 — m. Throckmorton — Pedigr. 

Everard 12 — m. Ellis— (20), 435-36 

John 11 — (41), 453 

Everard 13 — m. Haydon — Pedigr. 

John 11 — m. (Walcot) Dyve — (45), 460-65 and 

Everard 14 son of Everard — Pedigr. 


Everard 14 son of John — Pedigr. 

John 19 — m. 1. Bourne, 

Everard 15 — m. Neale — Pedigr. . 

2. Wyndham— (48), 465 and Pedigr. 

Everard 16 — m. Mulshe (or Mulsho, or Mulshaw) 

John 21 — Pedigr. 

—(39). 450-53 and Pedigr. 

Katharine 14 — m. Meers — Pedigr. 

Everard 16 — m. Stockbridge de Vandershaff — 

Kenelm 14 — m. Cope — Pedigr. 

(35), 445 

Kenelm 11 — m. Stanley— (40), 453-58 and Pedigr. 

Frances 11 — m. Wright— (36), 445 

Frances 81 — Pedigr. 

Kildare 19 — m. Gardiner— (49), 468 

George 16 — m. Heveningham — (42), 460 and 

Lebb^eus 13 — m. Hutt — Pedigr. 


L.EBB/EUS 16 — (27), 442 

George 19 — m. Russell — (46), 465 and Pedigr. 

Margaret 18 — m. Skiffington — Pedigr. 

Bffitifi mritv 

Marjerv 15 — ra. i. Mulsho, 

Simon 16 — (33), 444 

2. Clifford— (2S), 442 

Simon 16 — m. Grey— (30), 443, 444, 445, 440-47 

Mary" — m. Baptiste — (37), 445 and Pedigr. 

Simon 20 — m. Noel— (51), 468 and Pedigr. 

Nicholas 6 — (10), 434 

Thomas 6 — (8), 433 

Reginald 14 — m. D'Anvers — Pedigr. 

Walter 4 — (5), 433 

Robert 4 — m. Herle — (6), 433 

William 3 — m. Christiana , —(4), 433 

Robert 6 — m. Fitzherbert— (7), 433"34 

William 6 — (12), 434 

Robert 3 — m. Sibella , —(15), 434 and Pedigr. 

William' — m. Joan of Marmion — (14), 434 and 

Robert 9 — m. Pakeman — (17), 435 


Robert 10 (or John)— Pedigr. 
Robert 17 — m. Offaley— (43), 460 and Pedigr. 
Robert 18 — m. Boyle — (44), 460, 468 
Robert 20 — (50), 468 

William 14 — 

m. 1. Perwich (or Prestwith, or Prestwich), 
2. Roper— (24), 438, 441-45 
William 16 — (26), 441, 442 
William 16 — m. Terwit — (31), 443 

Robert 21 — Pedigr. 

William 20 — m. Noel— (52), 468-69 

Rowland 14 — Pedigr. 

William 22 — m. Cox— (59), 469 and Pedigr. 

Rowland 16 (or Roland)— m. Clapham— (34), 445, 

Wingfield-Digby, George Digby 24 — m. Port- 


man— (57), 469, 470-71 

Simon 10 — m. Beler (or Belers, or Bellairs)— (18), 
435 and Pedigr. 

Wingfield-Digby, John Digby 24 — m. Smith — 
(60), 470 

Simon 18 — m. Walleys — (22), 436, 459-60 and 

Wingfield-Digby, John Digby 25 — m. Madan — 


(61), 470 

Simon 14 — m. Clapham— (32), 444 and Pedigr. 

Wingfield-Digby, John Kenelm 26 — (62), 470 


, Christiana— m. William (4) Digby— 433 

Clapham, Jane— m. Rowland (34) Digby— 445 

, Sibella— m. Robert (15) Digby— Pedigr. 

Clarke, Anne — m. Everard (19) Digby — 435 

Baptiste, Jean— m. Mary (37) Digby— 445 and 

Clifford, Richard — m. Marjery (28) (Digby) 
Mulsho— 442 

Beler (or Belers, or Bellairs), Joan — m. Simon 

(18) Digby— 435 and Pedigr. 
Bourne, Alice— m. John (4S) Digby — Pedigr. 

Cope, Anne— m. Kenelm 14 Digby — Pedigr. 
Cox, Charlotte — m. William (59) Digby — 

Boyle, Sarah— m. Robert (44) Digby— 468 
Bretton (or Brereton), Amicia — m. Everard 

(3) Digby— 433 
Clapham, Catharine — m. Simon (32) Digby — 


D'Anvers, Anne — m. Reginald 14 Digby — Pedigr. 

Dyve, Beatrix (Walcot)— m. John (45) Digby 

Ellis, Jacquetta— m. Everard (20) Digby— 436 

Wi&bg MXltV 

■m. Henry (54) Digby - 

Field, , — m. a dau. of William (24) Digby 

Fielding, Elizab 


Fitzherbert, Ida — m. Robert (7) Digby— 434 
Fox, Charlotte — m. Edward" Digby — Pedigr. 
Fox-Strangways, Theresa Anna Maria — m. 

Edward St.Vincent (58) Digby— 469 
Gardiner, Mary — m. Kildare (49) Digby — 468 
Grey, Anne — m. Simon (30) Digby — 445 
Griffin, Catharine — m. John (23) Digby — 436, 

Harcourt, Arabella (or Orabella) — 

m. 1. Fulke Pembrugge, 
2. John (9) Digby— 434 
Haydon, Margaret — m. Everard 13 Digby — 

Herle, Anne — m. Robert (6) Digby — 433 
Heveningham, Abigail— m. George (42) Digby 


Howard, Jane Elizabeth (Coke) — m. Henry 23 
D igby — Pedigr. 

Hunt, Robert — m. Dervorgnilla 12 Digby — 


Hutt, , — m. Lebbaeus 13 Digby — Pedigr. 

Joan of Marmion — m. William (14) Digby — 

Knowler, Mary — m. Henry (54) Digby — Pedigr. 
Lascelles, Brian — m. Isabella (29) Digby — 442 
Lee, , — m. John (21) Digby — Pedigr. 

Lynde, Enoch — m. Elizabeth (38) Digby — 445 and 

Madan, Maria — m. John Digby (61) Wingfield 
Digby— 470 

Meers, Anthony — m. Katharine 14 Digby — 

Mol, Rene de — m. Diana (47) Digby — 465 

Montague, Edward — m. Helen (Roper) Digby 

—441, 443-44 
Mulshe (or Mulsho, or Mulshaw), Mary — m. 

Everard (39) Digby — Pedigr. 

Mulsho, Thomas— m. Marjery (28) Digby— 442 
Neale, Mary — m. Everard 16 Digby — Pedigr. 
Noel, Frances — m. Simon (51) Digby — Pedigr. 
Noel, Jane — m. William (52) Digby — 468-69 

Offaley, Lettice — m. Robert (43) Digby — 460 

and Pedigr. 
Oseville, Elizabeth — m. John (16) Digby — 434 
Pakeman, Catharine — m. Robert (17) Digby — 


Parr, , — m. John (25) Digby — 443 

Pembrugge, Arabella (Harcourt) — m. John 

(9) Digby— 434 
Pembrugge, Fulke — m. Arabella Harcourt— 434 
Perwich (or Prestwith, or Prestwich), Rose 

— m. William (24) Digby — 443-45 
Portman, Lucy Mabella — m. George Digby 

(57) Wingfield Digby — 470 

Roper, Helen — 

m. 1. William (24) Digby, 

2. Edward Montague — 438, 441-44 

Russell, Anne— m. George (46) Digby— Pedigr. 

Skiffington, William— m. Margaret 12 Digby— 

Smith, Ann Eliza — m. John Digby (60) Wingfield 
Digby— 470 

Stanley, Venetia Anastasia — m. Kenelm (40) 
D igby — Pedigr. 

Stockbridge de Vanderschaff, Katharine — 
m. Everard (35) Digby— 430-31, 445 

Terwit, Truth — m. William (31) Digby — 443 

Throckmorton, Anne — m. John 15 Digby — 

Wake, , — m. John (13) Digby— 434 

Walleys, Alice — m. Simon (22) Digby — Pedigr. 

Willoughby, Anne — m. John (23) Digby — 437 

Wingfield, William — m. Charlotte Maria (56) 
Digby — 469 

Wright, William— n 

Wyndham, Rachel - 

Frances (36) Digby— 445 
m. John (48) Digby — 

IJnuiligatt %uAcx 

pp. 473-491 


Alice 4 — Pedigr. 

Joseph 5 — m. Elizabeth , — (19), 485 and 

Andrey 4 (or Adrean) — (10), 480 


Anne 3 — m. Frost— (8), 480 

Lewis 6 — (24), 489 

Anne 4 — m. Manning — Pedigr. 

Lewis 7 — (28), 491 

Lidia 6 — Pedigr. 

Edward 4 — Pedigr. 

Maria 4 — Pedigr. 

Elizabeth 5 — m. Hande — (5), 479 

Nathaniel 5 — m. Lewis — (17), 481-82, 484, 48S-90 

Elizabeth 5 — m. 1. Oliver, 

2. Jackson— (14), 483 

Nathaniel 6 — m. Lynde— (25), 490-91 

Hannah 6 — m. Lynde — (18), 484 and Pedigr. 

Phillipe 3 — m. Hoo— (6), 474, 480, 481 

Isabella 7 — m. (?) Mumford— (27), 491 

Richard 5 — (3), 479 

Robert 5 - — (4), 479 

John 4 — m. 1. Lidia , 

2. Hayes, 

Robert 5 — m. Thomasine , — (2), 474, 479-80 

3. ( ) Hunt Draper — (9), 473, 474, 

Robert 3 — m. Buckinham — (7), 480, 481 

475. 473. 480, 481, 483-84, 485-87 

Robert 4 — Pedigr. 

John 4 — m. Sarah , —(11), 480 

Rose 3 — m. Bower — Pedigr. 

John 6 — Pedigr. 

Sarah 6 — m. Oliver— (15), 484 

John 5 — (16), 4S4 

Thomas 5 — Pedigr. 

John'— (29), 491 

William'— m. Katharine , — (1), 479 

Joseph 4 — (12), 481 

William 4 — m. , — (13), 481 

Nttoirioate Knttep 


Jackson, Abigail 8 — Pedigr. 

Jackson, Borodell 8 — m. Munroe— Pedigr. 

Jackson, Edward 6 — m. Abigail , — Pedigr. 

Jackson, Elizabeth 6 — m. i. Prentice, 

2. Bond— Pedigr. 

Jackson, Hannah 6 — m. Wilson— Pedigr. 

Jackson, Lydia 6 — m. Fuller— Pedigr. 

Jackson, Ruth 6 — Pedigr. 

Jackson, Samuel 7 — m. Jackson— Pedigr. 

Jackson, Samuel 8 — m. Baldwin— Pedigr. 

Jackson, Sarah 6 — m. Hobert— Pedigr. 

Lynde, Elizabeth 6 — (22), 488 

Lynde, Nathaniel 6 — (23), 488 

Lynde, Sarah 6 — m. Newdigate — (26), 491 

Oliver, Daniel 6 — Pedigr. 

Oliver, Elizabeth 6 — m. Wiswall— Pedigr. 

Oliver, Hannah 6 — Pedigr. 

Oliver, James 6 — Pedigr. 

Oliver, John*— Pedigr. 

Oliver, John 6 — m. , — Pedigr. 

Oliver, Nathaniel 6 — iW4'> . 
Oliver, Peter 6 — Pedigr. 
Oliver, Thomas 6 — Pedigr. 


Abigail — m. Edward" Jackson — Pedigr. 

Elizabeth — m. Joseph (19) Newdigate — 

Katharine— m. William (1) Newgate— 479 
Lidia — m. John (9) Newdigate — 483 
Sarah — m. 1. John (11) Newdigate, 

2. Thomas Frost — 480 
Thomasine — m. Robert (2) Newgate — 479- 

Baldwin, , — m. Samuel 8 Jackson— Pedigr. 

Bond, , — m. Elizabeth 6 (Jackson) Prentice — 


Bower, James— m. Rose 8 Newegate— Pedigr. 

Buckinham, Elizabeth — m. Robert (7) Newegate 

Draper, Anne ( ) Hunt— m. John (9) New- 
digate— 483, 488 

Frost, Henry— m. Anne (8) Newegate— 480 

Frost, Thomas— m. Sarah ( ) Newdigate— 480 

Fuller, Joseph — m. Lydia 6 Jackson — Pedigr. 

Hande, John — m. Elizabeth (5) Newgate — 479 

H ayes, Thomasine— m .John (9) Newd igate — 483 

Hobert, Nehemiah — m. Sarah 6 Jackson — Pedigr. 

H00, JoAne— m. Phillipe (6) Newegate— 480 

Jackson, Borodell— 

m. 1. Samuel 1 Jackson, 

2. Thomas Prentice — Pedigr. 

Jackson, Edward — m. Elizabeth (14) (Newdi- 
gate) Oliver — 483 

Johnson, John— m. Isabella (Lewis) Newdigate 

Lewis, Isabella— 

m. 1. Nathaniel (17) Newdigate, 
2. John Johnson — 484, 490 

Lynde, Sarah (26)— m. Nathaniel (25) Newdigate 

Lynde, Simon— m. Hannah (18) Newdigate— 

NetoWgatt Xnvtv 

Manning, Robert — m. Anne 4 Newdigate — 

Mumford, Thomas — m. (?) Isabella (27) Newdi- 
gate— 491 

Munroe, , — ra. Borodell 6 Jackson — Pedigr. 

Newdigate, Nathaniel (25) — ra. Sarah (26) 
Lynde— 491 

Oliver, John — m. Elizabeth (14) Newdigate — 483 

Oliver, Peter — m. Sarah (15) Newdigate— 484 
Prentice, John — m. Elizabeth 8 Jackson — Pedigr. 
Prentice, Thomas — m. Borodell (Jackson) Jack- 
son— Pedigr. 

Wilson, Nathaniel — m. Hannah 6 Jackson — 

Wiswall, Enoch— m. Elizabeth 6 Oliver— Pedigr. 



pp. 493-506 


Alexander 5 — m. Dernell (or Darvogilda) dau. of 

Margaret 10 — m. St.Clere — Pedigr. 

Alexander, King of Scots — Pedigr. 

Robert 1 — m. Evan — Pedigr. 

Anne" — m. Boleyn — (9), 495 

Robert 8 — m. Malmaynes — Pedigr. 

Barbara 14 — (25), 500 

Robert 4 (or Roger)— m. Cbiveron— Pedigr. 

Edmund" — (16), 497 

Robert 6 — Pedigr. 

Elizabeth, 18 Queen — (10), 495 

Robert 8 — m. Andeville — (3), 493 

Gualther" — see Walter 

Robert 7 — m. Fitzwarine — (4), 493, 498 

Henry 18 — (15), 497 

Robert 8 — Pedigr. 

James 14 — (26), 500 

Robert 11 — m. Agnes , — (14), 495, 497 

Jane 9 — m. Walkelyn — Pedigr. 

Robert" — m. , — (19), 497 and Pedigr. 

Jeremy" — m. , — (21), 499 and Pedigr. 

Robert 15 — (29), 505 

Joane" — m. Newegate — (1), 493 

Thomas 2 — m. Walton— Pedigr. 

Joane 14 — (24), 500 

Thomas 8 — m. St.Leger — (5), 493 

John 8 — m. ■ , — Pedigr. 

Thomas 10 — m. 1. Felton, 

John 9 — Pedigr. 

2. Echingham — (7), 494 and Pedigr. 

John 10 — Pedigr. 

Thomas 10 — m. Norwood— Pedigr. 

John 10 — m. Tylly— (12), 495-97, 5°o, 502, 503, 504 

Thomas 11 — m. Urrey — (11), 495 and Pedigr. 

John" — m. , — (13), 495 and Pedigr. 

Thomas 11 — m. 1. Wychingham, 

John"— (18), 497 

2. Welles— (8), 494~95 and Pedigr. 

John" — m. , — (22), 499 and Pedigr. 

John" — m. 1. Elizabeth , 

2. Elizabeth , — (20), 499, 501 and 


John 14 — rn. Judith , —(27), 505 

John" — (28), 505 

Thomas" — (30), 505 

Walter" — 

m. 1. , 

2. Lockwood — (2), 493, 499-500, 501-05 
William' — Pedigr. 

William 9 — m. 1. St.Omer, 

2. Wingfield — (6), 493-94, 498 

Judith 16 — (32), 505 

William" — m. Alys , — (17), 497 

Katharine 14 — (23), 500 

William" — (31), 505 

?£oo Kturrp 


, Agnes — m. Robert (14) Hoo — 497 

, Alys— m. William (17) Hoo— 497 

, Elizabeth (buried 1626) — m. John (20) 

Hoo — Pedigr. 

-, Elizabeth (buried 1651) • 
Hoo— Pedigr. 

m. John (20) 

, Judith — m. John (27) Hoo — 505 

Andeville, Beatrix de — m. Robert (3) de Hoo 

Boleyn, Geoffrey— m. Anne (9) Hoo — 495 

Chiveron, Rosamond — m. Robert 4 (or Roger) 
Hoo — Pedigr. 

Dernell (or Darvogilda) dau. of Alexander, 
King of Scots — m. Alexander 6 Hoo— Pedigr. 

Echingham, Elizabeth de— m. Thomas (7) Hoo 

Evan, Anne (or Eva)— m. Robert 1 Hoo— Pedigr. 

Felton, Eleanor— m. Thomas (7) Hoo— Pedigr. 

Fitzwarine, Hawyse— m. Robert (4) Hoo— 493 

Lockwood, Agnes— m. Walter (2) Hoo — 505 
Malmaynes, Milicina (or Wylmote) de — m. 

Robert 3 Hoo— Pedigr. 
Newegate, Phillipe— m. Joane (1) Hoo— 493 
Norwood, Dorothy— m. Thomas 10 Hoo— Pedigr. 
St.Clere, Thomas — m. Margaret 10 Hoo — Pedigr. 
St.Leger, Isabel de — m. Thomas (5) Hoo — 


St.Omer, Alice de — m. William (6) Hoo — 494 

Tylly, Katharine — m. John (12) Hoo — 496 

Urrey, Alicia — m. Thomas (11) Hoo — Pedigr. 

Walkelyn, William — m. Jane 9 Hoo — Pedigr. 

Walton, Annys— m. Thomas 1 Hoo— Pedigr. 

Welles, Eleanor— m. Thomas (8) Hoo— Pedigr. 

Wingfield, Eleanor— m. William (6) Hoo— 494 

Wychingham, Elizabeth— m. Thomas (8) Hoo 

WtfllxragMrtj gofe* 

pp. 507-604 


Abigail 16 — m. Pickman— (65), 553 

Edward 14 — m. Draper — Pedigr. 

Ambrose 13 — m. Brooke — Pedigr. 

Edward 16 — Pedigr. 

Anne 14 — (135), 598 

Elizabeth 13 — (132), 597 

Anthony 1 ' — m. , — (121), 596 

Elizabeth 15 — (5), 523 

Bennett 13 — (136), 598 

Elizabeth 16 — (26), 550 

Beth i a" — Pedigr. 

Elizabeth 16 — (67), 553 

Bethia" — (24), 550 

Fortune 11 — m. (Barrow) Toilet— Pedigr. 

Bridget 13 — (133), 597 

Francis 14 — Pedigr. 

Bryan 6 — Pedigr. 

Francis 14 — m. 1. Mary , 

Catharine 11 — m. 1. Brandon, 

2. Taylor, 

2. Bertie — (70), 560, 590 

3. (Locke) Taylor — (1), 507, 516, 

517, 524-33, 534-49. 554. 555, 

Charles 15 — m. Clinton — Pedigr. 

556, 560, 561, 562, 570, 577 

Charles 16 — m. Davenport — Pedigr. 

Francis 14 — m. Ridgeway — (137), 600, 601 

Charles 16 — m. Dixie— Pedigr. 

Francis 15 — (16), 534, 549, 556 

Christopher 9 — m. Jenney(or Jennins) — (74), 561, 

Francis 16 — m. Bernard — Pedigr. 

589 and Pedigr. 

Francis 16 — m. Cecil— (3), 515, 583 and Pedigr. 

Christopher 10 — m. Talbois — (116), 590 and 


Francis 16 — m. Rothwell— Pedigr. 

Christopher 11 — m. Tottishurst — (118), 591, 594, 

Francis 16 — Pedigr. 


Francis 16 — 

Christopher 12 — m. Martha , — (130), 597, 59S 

m. 1. Gedney, 

Christopher 13 — (128), 597 

2. (Walley) Chauncey— (22), 549-50 

Clemence 13 — m. Willoughby — (125), 597, 600 

Francis" — m. Edwards — Pedigr. 

Digby 19 — Pedigr. 

Francis 18 — Pedigr. 

Digby Wentworth Bayard 21 — m. Cumming — 

Francis 18 — m. Fisher — Pedigr. 

(102), 578, 581 

George 10 — Pedigr. 

Edward 10 — Pedigr. 

George" — Pedigr. 

Edward 13 — m. Willoughby — (119), 592 

George 14 — Pedigr. 

Edward 14 — Pedigr. 

George 16 — m. Fienes {alias Clinton) — Pedigr. 

232f*(UottfiP£ mntv 

George 18 — Pedigr. 

Hannah 15 — (10), 54S 

Henry 18 — (120) 594 

Henry 13 — Pedigr. 

Henry 13 — (129), 597 

Henry 16 — Pedigr. 

Henry 15 — m. Mary , — (98), 576 and Pedigr. 

Henry 16 — m. Pidgeon— Pedigr. 

Henry 11 — m. Gresswell — (100), 577 and Pedigr. 

Henry 13 — m. Cartwright— Pedigr. 

Henry 19 — m. Eyre— Pedigr. 

Henry 1 ' — m. Lawley — Pedigr. 

Henry 50 — m. Bosville (or Macdonald)— Pedigr. 

Hugh 10 — Pedigr. 

Hugh 16 — m. 1. Halliwell, 

2. (Leigh) Egerton — Pedigr. 

Hugh 17 — Pedigr. 

James 18 — m. Hobson — Pedigr. 

Jerinnah 16 — (12), 548 

Joan"— m. Welles— (in), 589 

John 3 — m. Rosceline— (105), 588 and Pedigr. 

John 4 — m. de Ufford— (106), 588 and Pedigr. 

John 6 — Pedigr. 

John 1 — m. Welby— Pedigr. 

John 8 — m. Cheney— Pedigr. 

John 10 — Pedigr. 

John 15 — m. Anne , — (127), 597, 598 

JOHN 16 -m.(?) ,-(68), 553 

John 16 — m. Bolterton— Pedigr. 

John 11 — Pedigr. 

Jonathan 16 — m. Goldisborough— (7), 527, 54S, 556 

Jonathan 16 — (14), 548 

Kenelm 12 — m. 1. Goldwell, 

2. Sarah , — (122), 596-97 

Kenelm 13 — (126), 597 
Margaret 13 — (131), 597 
Mary 16 — (8), 548 
Mary 16 — m. Barton — (27), 550 

Nathaniel 15 — (17), 549 

Nehemiah 15 — m. Bartholomew — (11), 527, 530, 

548, 549, 556 
Nehemiah 16 — (25), 550 

Percival 13 — m. Willoughby— (76), 561, 581, 591 
Richard 10 — Pedigr. 

Robert 8 — m. Deincourt— (69), 560, 588 and Pedigr. 
Robert 6 — 

m. 1. Skipwith, 

2. Zouch, 

3. (Latimer) Nevil— (107), 588 and Pedigr. 
Robert 6 — Pedigr. 

Robert 1 — m. 1. Montacute, 

2. Stanhope — (no), 589 and Pedigr. 

Robert 8 — m. Welles— (115), 589 

Robert 9 — Pedigr. 

Robert 9 — (109), 5S8 

Robert 10 — Pedigr. 

Robert 11 — m. Willoughby— (101), 5S1 

Robert 13 — Pedigr. 

Robert 13 2d— Pedigr. 

Sarah 15 — m. Campfield (or Canfield)— (9), 530, 
548, 556 

Sarah 16 — (66), 553 

Susannah 16 — m. Lynde— (18), 549, 556, 564 

Thomas 2 — Pedigr. 

Thomas 6 — m. Nevill— (108), 588 and Pedigr. 

Thomas'— m. Fitzalan— (114), 589 

Thomas 10 — m. Read— (117), 591 

Thomas 12 — 

m. 1. Hart, 

2. Weston— (75), 561. 591 and Pedigr. 

Thomas 13 — m. , — Pedigr. 

Thomas 13 — m. Willoughby — (124), 597, 600 

Thomas 14 — m. , — (123), 597, 600 

Thomas 14 — m. Whittle— Pedigr. 

Thomas 15 — Pedigr. 

Thomas 16 — Pedigr. 


98HU0U0PS mXftV 

Thomas 19 — m. Rothwell — Pedigr. 

William 13 — m. Elizabeth , — (2), 507-19, 560, 

Thomas" — m. Southeby — Pedigr. 

561, 562, 577, 594, 598-603 

Thomas 18 — m. Chadwick — Pedigr. 

William 13 — m. Hyldeyard — Pedigr. 

William 1 — ra. de Beke— (104), 588 

William 14 — (134), 598 

William 6 — m. 1. Strange, 

William 14 — m. Manners — Pedigr. 

2. Holland— (103), 583, 588-89 

William 14 — m. Mary , —(4), 517, 5 l8 . 520, 

William 10 — 


m. 1. Hussey, 

2. de Salinas — (71), 560, 590 and Pedigr. 
William 11 — 

William 16 — (13), 528, 530, 548-49. 55& 
William 16 — m. Cary — (6), 536, 577 and Pedigr. 

m. 1. Heneage, 

2. (Garnish) Devereux — (99), 576-77, 590 
and Pedigr. 

William 16 — Pedigr. 
William"— (23), 550 


Baker, George Griswold 19 — m. , —(80), 

Billings, Nancy 19 — ra. Otis— (95), 573 

565, 570 
Baker, Henry A. 19 — (96), 574 

Baker, Mary Anna 19 — m. Chappell— (81), 565, 

Brandon, Charles" — Pedigr. 
Brandon, Henry 12 — Pedigr. 
Burrell, Alberic 81 — Pedigr. 

Baker, Sarah R. 19 — m. Vincent — (82), 565, 570, 

Burrell, Clementina Elizabeth" — Pedigr. 
Burrell, Peter Robert 20 — m. Drummond — 

Barton, John" — (28), 550 


Barton, Mary"— m. Toppan— (29), 550 

Codman, John Amory 22 — (37), 551 

Bertie, Catharine 13 — m. Watson — Pedigr. 

Codman, Martha Catherine 22 — (38), 551 

Bertie, Montague 14 — ra. Cockain — (77), 562, 590 
and Pedigr. 

Gardner, Sarah" — (86), 565 
Gardner, Susannah" — Pedigr. 

Bertie, Peregrine 12 — m. Vere — (72), 560, 590 
Bertie, Peregrine"— m. Brownlow— Pedigr. 

Griswold, Elizabeth" — m. Raymond — (78), 564, 

Bertie, Peregrine 18 — m. Panton — Pedigr. 

Griswold, Lucretia" — m. Latimer — Pedigr. 

Bertie, Priscilla Barbara Elizabeth 19 — m. 
Burrell — Pedigr. 

Bertie, Robert 13 — m. Montague — (73), 560-61, 
590 and Pedigr. 

Lord, Anne" — m. McCurdy— Pedigr. 
Lynde, Elizabeth 16 — m. Lord — (19), 549 
Lynde, Hannah 16 — m. Griswold — (20), 549 

Bertie, Robert 16 — m. Wharton — Pedigr. 

Lynde, Sarah 16 — m. Raymond — (21), 549, 563-65 

Bertie, Robert 16 — m. Wynn — Pedigr. 

Lynde, Susannah 16 — 

Bertie, Robert 19 — Pedigr. 
Billings, Elizabeth Griswold 19 — m. Ransom 
—(93). 57i 

m. 1. Willard, 

2. Gardner — (87), 565 and Pedigr. 

Otis, Elizabeth 20 — m. Sherman — (90), 570, 573 

SHUlOUfipg MlftV 

Packard, Alpheus Appleton 22 — (49), 551 
Packard, Elizabeth Derby 25 — (50), 551 
Packard, Frances Elizabeth"— (51), 551 
Packard, Martha Walcott 82 — (48), 551 
Pickman, Anstiss 2 ' — m. Robertson— (61), 551 
Pickman, Anstiss Derby 211 — m. Rogers — (33), 

Pickman, Anstiss Derby 21 — (56), 551 
Pickman, Benjamin 19 — m. Derby — (32), 550-51 

Raymond, Nathaniel Lynde 18 — m. Raymond— 

(88), 566 and Pedigr. 
Raymond, Sarah 18 — m. Baker — Pedigr. 
Raymond, Theodore 20 — m. Clark —(15), 548, 567, 

570, 571, 576 and Pedigr. 
Raymond, William 19 — m. Manwaring — Pedigr. 
Raymond, William 20 — m. Raymond — (97), 574 

and Pedigr. 
Rogers, Anstiss Derby 21 — m. Wetmore — (34), 

Pickman, Benjamin 21 — m. 1. Parker, 

2. Head— (53), 551 

Rogers, Martha Pickman 21 — m. Codman — (36), 
55i. 579 

Pickman, Fanny Willoughby 21 — (59), 551 

Sherman, Mary N. 21 — m. Hayes— (91), 570, 573 

Pickman, Francis Willoughby 80 — m. Walker 

—(52). 55i 
Pickman, Henry Derby 21 — m. Palmer — (60), 


Toppan, Anna 18 — (30), 550 

Toppan, Mary 18 — m. Pickman— (31), 55° 

Walcott, Alfred Foster 21 — (46), 551 

Pickman, John Rogers 21 — (57), 551 

Walcott, Anstiss Pickman 21 — (41), 55i 

Pickman', Martha 20 — m. Walcott— (39), 551 

Walcott, Benjamin Pickmam 21 — (43), 551 

Pickman, Mary 19 — m. Osgood— (64), 552-53. 579 
Pickman, Mary 21 — m. Lynch— (58), 551 
Pickman, Mary Toppan 20 — m.Loring— (63), 552, 

Pickman, Thomas 19 — m. 1. Hanaden, 

2. Palmer— (62), 552 

Walcott, Charles Folsom 21 — m. , — (44), 

551 and Pedigr. 
Walcott, Elizabeth Derby 21 — m. Packard— 

(47), 551 and Pedigr. 

Walcott, Henry Pickering 21 — (45), 551 
Walcott, Mary 21 — m. Almon— (40), 551 

Pickman, Thomas Walker 21 — m. Fowell — (54), 

Walcott, Samuel Pickman 81 — m. , — (42), 


551 and Pedigr. 

Pickman, William Rollins 21 — (55), 551 

Welles, Joan 9 — m. Hastings— (113), 589 

Ransom, Elizabeth Griswold 20 — (92), 571 

Welles, Robert* — (112), 589 

Raymond, Anne Lynde 18 — m. Billings — (85), 

Wetmore, Edith Malvinia Keteltas 23 — 

565 and Pedigr. 


Raymond, Elizabeth 18 — m. West— (83), 565 
Raymond, George' 8 — m. Smith — Pedigr. 
Raymond, George' 9 — m. Rogers — Pedigr. 
Raymond, George Clark 21 — (89), 567 
Raymond, Hannah 18 — (84), 565 
Raymond, John 18 — m. Raymond — Pedigr. 

Wetmore, George Peabody 22 — m. Keteltas — 

(35). 551 and Pedigr. 
Wetmore, Maude Alice Keteltas 23 — Pedigr. 

Wetmore, Rogers Pickman Derby Keteltas 28 

Wetmore, William Shepherd Keteltas 23 — 

Raymond, Lucy J. 21 — m. Bulkley— (94), 572 and 

Raymond, Mercy 19 — (79), 565, 566-67, 570, 578 

Willard, Joseph"— Pedigr. 
Willard, William 11 — Pedigr. 

SmUlOU0Pff Klttttf 


, Anne — m. John (127) Willoughby — 59S 

Burrell, Peter — m. Priscilla Barbara Eliza- 

, Elizabeth— m. William (2) Willoughby— 

beth 19 Bertie— Pedigr. 

516, 517, 519-23 

Campfield (or Canfield), , — m. Sarah (9) 

, Martha — m. Christopher (130) Willoughby 

Willoughby— 548 


Cartwright, Dorothy — m. Henry ls Willoughby 

, Mary— m. Francis (1) Willoughby — 524- 


25, 548 

Cary, Anne — m. William (6) Willoughby — 

, Mary — m. Henry (98) Willoughby — Pedigr. 


, Mary— m. 1. William (4) Willoughby, 

Cecil, Elizabeth — m. Francis (3) Willoughby — 

2. John Brickenden — 523 


, Sarah— m. Kenelm (122) Willoughby — 597 

Chadwick, Georgiana — m. Thomas 18 Wil- 

Almon, Andrew B. — m. Mary (40) Walcott — 

loughby — Pedigr. 


Chappell, , — m. Mary Anna (81) Baker — 

Baker, Daniel — m. Sarah 16 Raymond— Pedigr. 


Bartholomew, Abigail — m. Nehemiah (11) 

ChAuncey, Sarah (Walley) — m. Francis (22) 

Willoughby— 549 

Willoughby — 550 

Barton, Thomas — m. Mary (27) Willoughby — 

Cheney, Anne — m. John 8 Willoughby — Pedigr- 


Clark, Sarah B.— m. Theodore (15) Raymond 

Beke, Alice de — m. William (104) Willoughby 



Clifton, Gervase — m. Maud (Stanhope) Wil- 

Bernard, Emma — m. Francis 15 Willoughby — 

loughby Nevil — Pedigr. 


Clinton, Margaret— m. Charles 12 Willoughby 

Bertie, Richard— m. Catharine (70) (Willoughby) 


Brandon — 560, 590 

Cockain, Martha — m. Montague (77) Bertie— 

Billings, Stephen — m. Anne Lynde (85) Ray- 


mond — 565 and Pedigr. 

Codman, John Amory — m. Martha Pickman 
(36) Rogers— 551 

Bolterton, Anne— m. John 16 Willoughby — 

Bosville (or Macdonald), Julia Louisa— m. 
Henry 30 Willoughby— Pedigr. 

Cumming, Eliza Mary Gordon — m. Digby 
Wentworth Bayard (102) Willoughby — 57S, 
581, 582-84, 592, 594, 600 

Brandon, Charles — m. Catharine (70) Wil- 

loughby— 590 

Davenport, Hester — m. Charles 16 Willoughby 
— Pedigr. 

Brickenden, John— m. Mary ( ) Willoughby 


Deincourt, Margaret — m. Robert (69) de 

W i 1 egby — Pedigr. 

Brooke, Susan — m. Ambrose 18 Willoughby — 


Derby, Anstiss — m. Benjamin (32) Pickman — 

Brownlow, Jane — m. Peregrine 11 Bertie — 



Devereux, Margaret (Garnish)— m. William 

Bulkley, Enoch — m. Lucy J. (94) Raymond — 

(99) Willoughby— Pedigr. 

572 and Pedigr. 

Dixie, Mary — m. Charles 16 Willoughby — Pedigr. 

2TOUottflPg Xntvrp 

Draper, Rebecca — m. Edward 14 Willoughby — 

Heneage, Elizabeth — m. William (99) Wil- 


loughby — Pedigr. 

Drummond, Clementina Sarah — m. Peter 

Hobson, Eleanor — m. James 18 Willoughby — 

Robert 50 Burrell— Pedigr. 


Edwards, Mary— m. Francis 11 Willoughby— 

Holland, Joan — m. William (103) Willoughby — 


583, 589 

Egerton, Honora (Leigh)— m. Hugh 16 Wil- 

Hussey, Mary — m. William (71) Willoughby— 

loughby — Pedigr. 


Eyre, Charlotte— m. Henry 18 Willoughby— 

Hyldeyard, Elizabeth — m. William 15 Wil- 


1 u gh by — Pedigr. 

Fienes (alias Clinton), Elizabeth— m. George 16 

Jenney (or Jennins), Margaret — m. Christo- 

Willoughby— Pedigr. 

pher (74) Willoughby — Pedigr. 

Fisher, Octavia— m. Francis 18 Willoughby— 

Keteltas, Edith Malvinia — m. George Pea- 


body (35) Wetmore — Pedigr. 

Fitzalan, Joan— m. Thomas (114) Willoughby— 

Latimer, Jonathan — m. Lucretia 11 Griswold — 



Fowell, Louisa— m. Thomas Walker (54) Pick- 

Lawley, Jane — m. Henry 19 Willoughby — Pedigr. 

man — 551 

Lord, Richard — m. Elizabeth (19) Lynde — 549 

Gardner, Andrew— m. Susannah (87) (Lynde) 
Willard— 565 and Pedigr. 

Loring, George B. — m. Mary Toppan (63) Pick- 
man— 552 

Lynch, George — m. Mary (58) Pickman — 551 

Gedney, Bethia— m. Francis (22) Willoughby— 

Goldisborough, Grizzel— m. Jonathan (7) Wil- 

Lynde, Nathaniel — m. Susannah (18) Wil- 

loughby— 548 

loughby— 549 

Goi.dwell, Catherine — m. Kenelm (122) Wil- 

McCurdy, John — m. Anne" Lord— Pedigr. 

loughby — 596 

Manners, Frances— m. William 14 Willoughby— 

Gordon-Cumming — see Cumming 


Gresswell, Susannah— m. Henry (100) Wil- 

Manwaring, Elizabeth — m. William 19 Raymond 

1 oughby — Pedigr. 


Griswold, George— m. Hannah (20) Lynde— 549 

Montacute, Elizabeth — m. Robert (110) Wil- 

loughby — Pedigr. 

Halliwell, Anne — m. Hugh 16 Willoughby — 


Montague, Elizabeth — m. Robert (73) Bertie — 


Hammond, Lawrence — m. Margaret (Locke) 

Taylor Willoughby — 518, 519, 524, 52S, 542, 

Nevil, Elizabeth (Latimer) — m. Robert (107) 

547. 549. 556-58 

Willoughby— Pedigr. 

Hanaden, Polly — m. Thomas (62) Pickman — 

Nevil, Thomas — m. Maud (Stanhope) Wil- 


loughby— Pedigr. 

Hart, Catharine — m. Thomas (75) Willoughby 

Nevill, Elizabeth — m. Thomas (10S) Wil- 


loughby — Pedigr. 

Hastings, Richard— m. Joan (113) Welles— 589 

Osgood, Isaac — m. Mary (64) Pickman — 552 

Hayes, B. A. — m. Mary N. (91) Sherman— 570 

Otis, Joseph— m. Nancy (95) Billings— 573 

Head, Caroline L. — m. Benjamin (53) Pickman 

Packard, Alpheus Spring— m. Elizabeth Derby 


(47) Walcott— 551 and Pedigr. 

8&fllottgPfi Kntrer 

Palmer, Sophia— m. Thomas (62) Pickman— 552 

Skipwith, Alice — m. Robert (107) Willoughby 

Palmer, Virginia Louise — m. Henry Derby (60) 
Pickman — 551 

— Pedigr. 
Smith, Martha — m. George 18 Raymond — Pedigr. 

Panton, Mary — m. Peregrine 18 Bertie — Pedigr. 

Southeby, Elizabeth — m. Thomas" Willoughby 

Parker, Emily T — m. Benjamin (53) Pickman 

Pickman, Benjamin— m. Mary (31) Toppan— 550 
Pickman, Joshua— m. Abigail (65) Willoughby 

— Pedigr. 

Stanhope, Maud — m. 

1. Robert (no) Willoughby, 

2. Thomas Nevil, 

3. Gervase Clifton — Pedigr. 

Pidgeon, Elizabeth — m. Henry 16 Willoughby — 

Strange, Lucy — m. William (103) Willoughby 


Ransom, Stephen — m. Elizabeth Griswold (93) 

Billings— 571 
Raymond, Eunice B. — m. William (97) Raymond 

— Pedigr. 

Talbois, Elizabeth — m. Christopher (116) Wil- 
loughby — Pedigr. 
Taylor, Margaret (Locke) — m. 

2. Francis (1) Willoughby, 

3. Lawrence Hammond — 533, 534, 549, 555- 

Raymond, John — m. Elizabeth (78) Griswold — 

57, 558-59 
Taylor, Sarah — m. Francis (1) Willoughby — 

Raymond, Joshua — m. Sarah (21) Lynde — 549, 

525, 527-28, 530, 548 
Tollett, Hannah (Barrow) — m. Fortune" 

Raymond, Louise — m. Nathaniel Lynde (88) 
Raymond — Pedigr. 

Willoughby — Pedigr. 
Toppan, Bezaleel — m. Mary (29) Barton — 550 

Raymond, Mercy — m. John 18 Raymond — Pedigr. 
Read, Bridget — m. Thomas (117) Willoughby — 

Tottishurst, Margery — m. Christopher (118) 
Willoughby — 596 

Ufford, Cicely de — m. John (106) Willoughby 

Ridgeway, Cassandra — m. Francis (137) Wil- 


loughby — 600 

Vere, Mary — m. Peregrine (72) Bertie — 590 

Robertson, James H. — m. Anstiss (61) Pickman 

Vincent, M. A.— m. Sarah R. (82) Baker— 565 

Rogers, Elizabeth B. — m. George 19 Raymond 

Walcott, Samuel Baker— m. Martha (39) Pick- 
man— 551 


Walker, Elizabeth — m. Francis Willoughby 

Rogers, John Whitingham — m. Anstiss Derby 

(52) Pickman — 551 

(33) Pickman — 551 

Watson, Lewis — m. Catharine 13 Bertie — Pedigr. 

Rosceline, Joan— m. John (105) Willoughby— 

Welby, Joan — m. John 1 Willoughby — Pedigr. 


Rothwell, Eleanor — m. Francis 16 Willoughby 

Welles, Cicely — m. Robert (115) Willoughby — 

Rothwell, Elizabeth — m. Thomas 16 Willoughby 

Welles, Richard — m. Joan (in) Willoughby — 


West, Joshua — m. Elizabeth (83) Raymond — 565 

Salinas, Maria de — m. William (71) Willoughby 

Weston, Mary — m. Thomas (75) Willoughby — 



Sherman, Nathan Gould — m. Elizabeth (90) 
Otis— 570, 573 

Wetmore, William S— m. Anstiss Derby (34) 
Rogers— 551 

BOTiottfljjtiff mxitv 

Wharton, Elizabeth — m. Robert 16 Bertie — 

Whittle, Eleanor — m. Thomas" Willoughby— 

Willard, Joseph — m. Susannah (87) Lynde — 

Willoughby, Bridget — m. Percival (76) Wil- 
loughby— 561, 581, 591 

Willoughby, Clemence (125) — m. Thomas (124) 
Willoughby— 597 

Willoughby, Dorothy — m. Robert (101) Wil- 
loughby — 581, 591 

Willoughby, Thomas (124) — m. Clemence (125) 
Willoughby — 597 

Willoughby, Winifred— m. Edward (119) Wil- 
loughby — 592 

Wynn, Mary — m. Robert 16 Bertie — Pedigr. 

Zouch, Margery — m. Robert (107) Willoughby 

%ockt %nUz 

pp. 605-616 


Alice 4 -(S), 608 

Mary 6 — (45), 612 

Anne 6 — (46), 612 

Mary 6 — m. Thrille— (58), 613 

Anne 5 — m. Moyle — (21), 610 

Mary'— (61), 614 

Anne 8 — (60), 613 

Mary' — m. Justice — (53), 613 

Catharine 4 — m. , — (6), 608 

Matthew 4 — m. Baker— (30), 611 

Dorothy 4 — m. , —(5), 608 

Matthew 6 — m. Allen— (42), 612-13 

Edmund 4 — (29), 611 

Matthew'— (49), 613 

Elizabeth 4 — m. 1. Hill, 

Michael 4 — m. 1. Wilkinson, 

2. Bullingham — (12), 608 

2. (Peryn) Adelmare— (18), 


Elizabeth 6 — m. Chandler (or Candler)— (31), 611 

Michael 6 — (22), 610 

Elizabeth 8 — (59), 613 

Peter 4 — (25), 611 

Elizabeth'— (70), 615 

Philip 4 — (28), 611 

Elizabeth 7 — m. Mason — (54), 613 

Richard 4 — (26), 611 

Francis 4 — (10), 608 

Robert 6 — m. Elizabeth , —(48), 613 

Francis 6 — (56), 613 

Robert' — (51), 613 

Hannah 1 — m. Bragne— (65), 614 

Rose 4 — m. 1. Hickman, 

Henry 4 — m. Vaughan— (20), 610 

2. Throckmorton— (15), 608-09 

Henry 6 — (23), 610 

Rowland 6 — (41), 612 

Henry 8 — (63), 614 

Sarah' — (71), 615 

Jane' — (72), 615 

Susanna' — m. Stephenson — (66), 614 

Joane 4 (or Jane) — m. Meredith — (33), 611 

Susanna 8 — (64), 614 

John 2 — (2), 605 

Thomas' — m. Wilcocks— (3), 605 

John 4 — (7), 608 

Thomas 4 — m. Long — (39), 611-12 

John 4 — (11), 608 

Thomas 6 — (44), 612 

John 6 — (43), 612 

Thomas 6 — m. Jane , — (47), 613 

John,* 9 ) the Philosopher — 610 

Thomas'— (52), 613 

Margaret'— (55), 613 

Thomas'— m. , —(62), 614 

Thomazin 4 — (9), 608 

Margaret' — m. 1. Taylor, 

2. Willoughby— (69), 615-16 

William 1 — m. , — (1), 605 

aoctte mxftv 


m. I. Spencer (or Spence), 

2. Cooke, 

3. ( ) Marsh, 

4. ( ) Hutton Meredith— (4), 605-08 

William 4 — (24), 61 1 

William 4 — (27), 611 
William 5 — (40), 612 
William 6 — m. Cole— (57), 613-15 
William 7 — (50), 613 
Zachary 6 — (19), 609 


Chandler (or Candler), Anne 6 — ra. Heyborne 
-(32), 611 

Hickman, Dixie 6 — m. Windsor— (16), 608 

Hickman, Thomas Windsor 1 — (17), 60S 

Hickman, Walter 6 — m. Staines— Pedigr. 

Hill, Mary 6 — m. Moundeford— (13), 608 

Marsham, Charles" — (38), 611 

Marsham, John 7 — m. , — (36), 611 

Marsham, Robert 9 — ra. , —(37), 611 

Meredith, Mary 6 — m. Springham— (34), 611 

Moundeford, Bridget 6 — m. Bramston— (14), 608 
Plymouth, Earl of— see Hickman 
Romney, Baron and Earl— see Marsham 
Springham, Magdalen 6 — m. Marsham— (35), 611 
Stephenson, Mary 8 — (68), 615 
Stephenson, Susanna 8 — (67), 615 
wllloughby, francis 8 — (73), 615 
Willoughby, Susanna 8 — (74), 615 
Windsor, Lord — see Hickman 


, Elizabeth — m. Robert (48) Locke — 613 

, Jane — m. Thomas (47) Lock — 613 

Adelmare, Margery (Peryn)— m. Michael (18) 
Locke— 609 

Allen, Margaret— 

m. 1. Matthew (42) Locke, 

2. Thomas Muschampe— 612-13 

Allen, William — m. Mary (Long) Locke Owen 

Baker, Elizabeth- 

Matthew (30) Locke- 

Bragne, Thomas — m. Hannah (65) Locke — 614 
Bramston, John — m. Bridget (14) Moundeford 


(Locke) Hill— 608 

Elizabeth (12) 

Chandler (or Candler), Richard 

abeth (31) Locke — 611 
Cole, Susanna— m. William (57) Locke— 613 
Cooke, Catharine— m. William (4) Locke— 607 

Heyborne, Ferdinando— m. Anne (32) Chandler 

Hickman, Anthony— m. Rose (15) Locke— 608 

Hill, Richard— m. Elizabeth (12) Locke— 608 

Hutton, Elizabeth ( ), — 

m. 2. Robert Meredith, 

3. William (4) Locke— 611 

aocite nmtv 

Justice Hugh — m. Mary (53) Locke — 613 
Long, Mary — m. 1. Thomas (39) Locke, 

2. Dr. Owen, 

3. William Allen— 611 

Marsh, Eleanor ( ), — m. William (4) Locke 

— 607 

Marsham, Thomas — m. Magdalen (35) Spring- 
ham — 611 

Mason, Edward — m. Elizabeth (54) Locke — 613 

Meredith, Elizabeth ( ) Hutton— m. Will- 
iam (4) Locke — 607 

Meredith, Robert — 

m. I. Joane (33) Locke, 

2. Elizabeth ( ) Hutton— 611 

Moundeford, Thomas— m. Mary (13) Hill— 608 
Moyle, Robert — m. Anne (21) Locke— 610 
Muschampe, Thomas — m. Margaret (Allen) 

Locke— 613 
Owen, Dr. 

-m. Mary (Long) Locke — 611 

Spencer (or Spence), Alice — m. William (4) 
Locke — 607 

Springham, Richard — m. Mary (34) Meredith 

Staines, Elizabeth — m. Walter 1 Hickman — 

Stephenson, James — m. Susanna (66) Locke — 

Taylor, Daniel— m. Margaret (69) Locke— 615 
Thrille, Edward — m. Mary (58) Locke — 613 
Throckmorton, Simon — m. Rose (15) (Locke) 

Hickman — 608 
Vaughan, Anne — m. Henry (20) Locke — 610 
Wilcocks, Joanna — m. Thomas (3) Locke — 605 
Wilkinson, Joane— m. Michael (18) Locke— 609 
Willoughby, Francis— m. Margaret (69) (Locke) 

Taylor— 616 
Windsor, Elizabeth— m. Dixie (16) Hickman 




Adam 8 — m. i. Weston, 

John 13 — (90), 623 

2. La Pomeroy — Pedigr. 

John 13 — m. Hele — Pedigr. 

Alice 14 — m. Southcott — Pedigr. 

John 14 — Pedigr. 

Anne 13 — Pedigr. 

John 15 — m. Mary , — Pedigr. 

Catalina 13 — (92), 623 

John 16 — m. Willson — Pedigr. 

Edward 11 — m. Holcroft — (95), 624 

John 16 — m. 1. Wrey, 

Edward 1 ' 2 — m. Ebden— (96), 624 

2. , — Pedigr. 

Elizabeth"— m. Huddy— Pedigr. 

John" — m. Montgomery — Pedigr. 

Elizabeth 13 — m. Oland— (91), 623 

John 18 — m. Atkin— Pedigr. 

Emanuel 12 — m. 1. Ingram, 

John 19 — m. Bourchier — Pedigr. 

2. , — Pedigr. 

James"— m. Hill— Pedigr. 

John Willoughby 19 — m. Paget — Pedigr. 
Margaret 12 — m. 1. Southcote, 

James Edwin 50 — m. Huddleston— (75), 617-18, 

2. Fursland — Pedigr. 

624 and Pedigr. 

Martin 11 — m. Hancocke — Pedigr. 

Jane 15 — m. Thorpe— (9S), 624 

Michael 13 — m. Skynner — Pedigr. 

Joane 10 — m. Hele — Pedigr. 

Michael 14 — m. Coote — Pedigr. 

Joane 11 — m. Anne — Pedigr. 

Michael 16 — m. Cole— Pedigr. 

Joane 12 — m. 1. Hill, 

2. Dowrish — Pedigr. 

Nathaniel 14 — m. , — Pedigr. 

Johan 14 — m. Prideaux — Pedigr. 

Philip 13 — m. Williams— Pedigr. 

John 4 — m. , — (79), 619 

Richard 11 — m. , — Pedigr. 

John 6 — m. Bodrigan (or Bodrugan)— (80), 619,621 

Richard 12 — m. Greenfield (al. Grenville)- 


John 1 — m. Fitzwarine — (82), 621-22 

Richard 14 — m. Boscawen — Pedigr. 

John 8 — m. Meryot — Pedigr. 

Robert 8 — Pedigr. 

John 8 — m. , — Pedigr. 

Robert 11 — Pedigr. 

John 10 — m. , —Pedigr. 

Robert 12 — m. Cooke — Pedigr. 

John 10 — m. Archdeacon (or Ercedeknc)— Pedigr. 

Robert 12 — m. Evelyn— Pedigr. 

John 10 — m. Martyn— (85), 622 

Roger 2 — m. , — (77), 619 

John 10 — m. Wallcot — Pedigr. 

Roger 3 — m. , — (78), 619 

&ole Kufcep 

Roger 15 — m. Maisters— (87), 623 

William 9 — m. , (83), 622 

Roger 13 — (88), 623 

William 8 — m. , —(84), 622 

Roger 13 — (89), 623 

William 9 — ra. Weston — Pedigr. 

Simon 9 — ra. Leuri — Pedigr. 

Stephen 9 — m. White — Pedigr. 

Susanna 13 — m. Locke — (93), 623 

Thomas 1 ' — m. Hargrave — Pedigr. 

Thomas 11 — m. 1. Stourton, 

2. Hill— Pedigr. 

Thomas 12 — Pedigr. 

Thomasine 12 — m. 1. Grenville, 

2. Arundel — Pedigr. 

William 11 — 

m. 1. de Gallegos, 

2. Rushan — (86), 622-23 and Pedigr. 
William 12 — m. Champernon — Pedigr. 
William 12 — m. Colles — Pedigr. 

William 13 — m. 1. Croft, 

2. Parsons — Pedigr. 
William 13 — m. Deards— Pedigr. 
William Willoughby 13 — m. Lowry-Corry — 

William 1 — m. , — (76), 619 

William 3 — Pedigr. 


William Willoughby 20 — 
m. 1. Casamajor, 

William 6 — m. Beaupell— (81), 621 

2. Brodrick — (97), 624, 625 and Pedigr. 


Arundel, Alexander 13 — m. Hill — Pedigr. 

Grenville, Bernard" — m. Bevile — Pedigr. 

Arundel, Digory 13 — Pedigr. 

Grenville, Bevil 15 — Pedigr. 

Arundel, Elizabeth 13 — m. Coplestone — Pedigr. 

Grenville, Charles 13 — Pedigr. 

Arundel, Jane 18 — Pedigr. 

Grenville, John 13 — Pedigr. 

Arundel, John 13 — Pedigr. 

Grenville, John" — Pedigr. 

Arundel, Katharine 13 — m. Hitchin — Pedigr. 

Grenville, Katharine 14 — Pedigr. 

Arundel, Mary 13 — Pedigr. 

Grenville, Mary 1,4 — Pedigr. 

Arundel, Robert 13 — Pedigr. 

Grenville, Richard 13 — m. St.Leger — Pedigr. 

Arundel, Thomas 13 — Pedigr. 

Grenville, Ursula" — Pedigr. 

Dowrish, Thomas 13 — m. Prouse — Pedigr. 

Holbeame, William 10 — Pedigr. 

Fursland, Alice 13 — m. Lear — Pedigr. 

Locke, Margaret 14 — m. 1. Taylor, 

Fursland, Judith 13 — m. Gottom — Pedigr. 
Fursland, Thomasine 13 — m. Lynham — Pedigr. 
Fursland, Ursula 13 — m. Barnes — Pedigr. 
Fursland, Walter F. 13 — Pedigr. 

2. Willoughby, 

3. Hammond — (94), 623 
Prideaux, Thomas 16 — Pedigr. 

Southcott, George 15 — Pedigr. 

<£ole En&u' 


, Mary— m. John 15 Cole— Pedigr. 

Anne, John — m. Joane 11 Cole — Pedigr. 
Archdeacon (or Ercedekne), Mary — m. John 10 
Cole— Pedigr. 

Arundel, Thomas — m. Thomasine 12 (Cole) Gren- 
ville— Pedigr. 

Atkin, Mary— m. John 18 Cole— Pedigr. 
Barnes, Robert — m. Ursula 13 Fursland — Pedigr. 
Beaupell, Margaret — m. William (81) Cole — 

Bevile, Elizabeth — m. Bernard 14 Grenville — 

Bodrigan (or Bodrugan) Anne — m. John (80) 
Cole — 619, 621 

Boscawen, Radigon — m. Richard" Cole — 

Bourchier, Susannah — m. John 19 Cole — Pedigr. 

Brodrick, Mary Emma— m.William Willoughby 
(97) Cole— Pedigi. 

Casamajor, Jane — m. William Willoughby (97) 
Cole— Pedigr. 

Champernon, Elizabeth— m. William 12 Cole— 

Cole, Elizabeth — m. Michael 16 Cole — Pedigr. 
Colles, Anne — m. William 12 Cole — Pedigr. 
Cooke, Anna— m. Robert 12 Cole — Pedigr. 
Coote, Alice — m. Michael 14 Cole — Pedigr. 

Coplestone, John— m. Elizabeth 13 Arundel — 

Croft, Susanna — m. William 13 Cole — Pedigr. 

Deards, Elizabeth — m.William 13 Cole — Pedigr. 

De la Pomeroy — see La Pomeroy 

Dowrish, Robert — m. Jane" (Cole) Hill — 

Ebden, Elizabeth— m. Edward (96) Cole — 624 

Evelyn, , — m. Robert 12 Cole— Pedigr. 

Fitzwarine, Agnes — m. John (82) Cole — 621-22 

Fursland, John— m. Margaret 12 (Cole) Southcote 

Gai.legos, Catalina (or Catharine) de — m. 

William (86) Cole— 622-23 
Gottom, Alexander — m. Judith 13 Fursland — 

Greenfield (al. Grenville), Alice — m. Richard 12 

Cole— Pedigr. 
Grenville, Roger — m. Thomasine 12 Cole — 

Hammond, Lawrence — m. Margaret (94) (Locke) 

Taylor Willoughby— 623 
Hancocke, Ellen — m. Martin 11 Cole— Pedigr. 
Hargrave, Elizabeth — m. Thomas 11 Cole — 

Hele, Katharine — m. John 13 Cole — Pedigr. 
Hele, William — m. Joane 10 Cole — Pedigr. 
Hill, Hugh — m. Joane 12 Cole — Pedigr. 
Hill, Joane— m. Thomas 11 Cole— Pedigr. 

Hill, Katharine— m. Alexander 13 Arundel — 

Hill, Mary — m. James" Cole — Pedigr. 

Hitchin, , — m. Katharine 13 Arundel — Pedigr. 

Holbeame, John — m. a dau. of Adam 8 Cole — 

Holcroft, Christian— m. Edward (95) Cole — 

Huddleston, Mary Barbara — m. James Edwin 
(75) Cole— Pedigr. 

Huddy, John — m. Elizabeth 11 Cole — Pedigr. 

Ingram, Margaret — m. Emanuel 12 Cole — 

La Pomeroy, Margaret de — m. Adam 8 Cole — 

Lear, Hugh — m. Alice 13 Fursland — Pedigr. 

Leuri, Alice — m. Simon 9 Cole — Pedigr. 

Locke, William — m. Susanna (93) Cole — 623 

eole Kttfrtp 

Lowry-Corry, Anne— m. William Willoughby 18 
Cole— Pedigr. 

Lynham, Robert — m. Thomasine 13 Fursland — 

Maisters, Anne — m. Roger (87) Cole — 623 

Martyn, Elizabeth — m. John (85) Cole — 622 

Meryot, Jane — m. John 8 Cole — Pedigr. 

Montgomery, Elizabeth — m. John" Cole — 

Oland, William — m. Elizabeth (gi) Cole— 623 

Paget, Charlotte — m. John Willoughby 19 Cole 

Parsons, Catharine — m. William 13 Cole — 

Prideaux, Thomas — m. Johan 14 Cole— Pedigr. 

Prouse, Wilmot — m. Thomas 13 Dowrish — 

Rushan, Elizabeth — m. William (86) Cole — 

St.Leger, Mary — m. Richard 13 Grenville — 

Skynner, Margaret — m. Michael 13 Cole — 

Southcote, Thomas — m. Margaret 1 ' Cole — 

Southcott, George — m. Alice 14 Cole — Pedigr. 
Stourton, Joan — m. Thomas 11 Cole — Pedigr. 
Taylor, Daniel — m. Margaret (94) Locke — 623 
Thorpe, Launcelot — m. Jane (98) Cole — 624 
Wallcot, Thomasine — m. John 10 Cole — Pedigr. 
Weston, Elizabeth — m. Adam 8 Cole — Pedigr. 
Weston, Elizabeth — m. William 9 Cole — 


White, Joane — m. Stephen 9 Cole— Pedigr. 
Williams, Joane — m. Philip 13 Cole — Pedigr. 
Willoughby, Francis — m. Margaret (94) (Locke) 

Taylor — 623 
Willson, Joanna — m. John 16 Cole — Pedigr. 
Wrey, Florence — m. John 16 Cole — Pedigr. 





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